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Portland Road Improvements regarding ADA curb cut outs and improvement Essay

Description This work plan involves the planning of how ADA curb cut outs and improvements are to be carried out at Portland Road Improvements. This is a job that involves improvement of roads and footpaths. The various workers in the engineering firm will be assigned the duties which, they are required to carry out. They will also be given the time frame within which they are supposed to complete the jobs. This is important in that it will enable timely completion of the job. Background Work plan is one of the most important activities in an organization. Organizations need to complete their activities in sated time so as to ensure satisfaction to all stake holders. Failure to complete their activities within the stipulated time may lead to losses. Customers loose faith in them and walk away or they maybe dissatisfied and they will not come back another time. It is for this reason that the topic was chosen. Work at Portland Road Improvements need to be planned well so as to ensure timely completion. Media that the presentation will be completed The representation of the work plan will be done on a PowerPoint. This is because PowerPoint can be viewed by a large group of people at a time and it is cheaper in terms of cost as compared to video and other media. On the other hand, it is easy to prepare a PowerPoint and it tikes less time as well. Activities to be completed A research is essential before any work is started. This will help in acquiring information on the work that is to be carried out hence; the firm will be able to carry out the job in the right manner. In carrying out the research, a literature review can be conducted to know what has been written in the past regarding the job the firm is about to carry out. Then an interview can be carried out. The purpose of an interview is to gather more information from those who may have knowledge of the job. Once exploratory information has been gathered, a draft can be prepared, and then rehearsed before a final representation is done. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Roles of the group members For timely completion of the activity, roles are to be delegated to group members. Some members will be required to carry out the research and the literature review. The other group will be required to carry out the interview. The third group is to prepare a draft. The rehearsal will be carried out by all the group members as well as the final representation. Communication strategy The entire group will be meeting in a weekly basis to review the progress. In the meeting, members will also be required to report any problem they encounter and possible solutions generated by the group. Communication about the meeting will be through phone and mail. Resources required For effective completion of the activity, the group will need to have internet resources to assist them in their research, as well as, questionnaires which will assist them in data collection during interviews. Computers and maybe a projector will be crucial for PowerPoint presentation. The members might require some cash for travelling purposes. Risk assessment This topic is very important and need to be successfully completed. If it fails to be completed, the implications could be devastating since it could lead to failure of the entire project. It is therefore, important that the group complete the topic successfully.
Due to the nature of relations with USA, it was argued in the past that Canada was a cousin of the United States. Some Canadians believe so and even denote United States their Cousin while others do not. It is however evident that these two nations are actually more close than any other nations that have bilateral relationships. Though there have been strains and enormous challenges in relation between these nations, the two are closely related as they share the same past including immigration patterns, colonial powers and language. This paper is aimed at determining whether Canada is cousin of the United States or not. For more than two centuries, it cannot be doubted that Canada is very closely related to the United States. In documented sources, some Canadian politicians like Robert Thompson said that United States would remain the best friend of Canada whether Canadian people accepted it or not. He commented that United States was Canada’s best friend for its amazing qualities such as openness, idealism, friendship and generosity. Norman Hillmer and J.L. Granatstein note that American attitude, ideas, models and failures shaped the nature of Canadian people and Canada as a nation. Though Canada had some doubts about some American policies, America greatly influenced who Canada really is. This is one instance that shows how these nations maybe related as cousins (Norman and Granatstein, 2007). The Canadian and American cultures are more or less the same. In fact, some Canadians acknowledge that United States and Canada share what is commonly known as the American culture. The origin of similarity in culture of these two nations stems from their history. USA and Canada share a lot of history from immigration patterns, same colonizers and the same language. Despite these factors, the two countries have changed significantly. Canada is a multicultural state which is dominated by foreigners; in fact Canada relies on immigrating people for its growth. Due to its multicultural nature, there are many questions about Canada’s identity. According to most people, each cultural group retains its identity and while standing side by side with other cultural groups thereby forming Canadian cultural mosaic (Lisa, 2010). Many people in Canada and other from various nations have different perspectives on the issue of multiculturalism in Canada. Some argue that this makes Canada lack identity. In fact, most people from other nations argue that Canada does not have identity. While some believe in this point of view, others believe that Canada has its own identity despite a lot of influence from United States. Mandy mallet believes that influence from United States and Canadian multiculturalism makes this nation and defines its identity. She says “The many cultures within Canada are its diversity and I think that is a big part of who Canada is”. She believes that though the United States influences Canadian culture, USA takes a large part of Canadian culture as well (Mandy, 2009). Conversely, some sources indicate that some Canadians are anti-American. On the other hand, some professionals argue that if Canada was really anti-American, the Canadians would denounce themselves, their country and their place in it. These professionals observed that many Canadians say something about the United States and do exactly the opposite of what they said. They go ahead to lament that if Canadians felt the way they usually say they do and self aware people integrity, they would not have made the choices they always make. They would not have consumed the American culture, would not have welcomed American trade and they would not have contracted their defence to the Americans. In fact, they would have differentiated themselves from the United States through this but they did not. There are several postulations as to how Canada and United States related. Canada was colonized by Britain and France leading to two distinct populations. English speaking Canadians emphasized on British roots while the French Speaking Canadians were more open minded. In fact, the English speaking Canadians did not differentiate themselves from the Britons and did not have allegiance to any other country apart from United Kingdom. However, in early1920, Canada started to seek independence from Great Britain. Since Britain had been greatly weakened by the wars they participated in, she had no desire to continue babysitting Canada as she could not afford. Due to this occurrence, Canada was forced to seek closer ties with United States, her neighbour. This is where a closer relationship developed since the era of migration and colonization (Indopedia, 2004). Due to the way Canadians behave and make policies, there were threats of takeover by the Americans. This was especially when the government made policies that were more or less similar to those in the United States. However, the left political wing of Canada has played a pivotal role in criticizing American like policies made within the Canadian government. Despite lots of influence from the American culture, Canada has been able to distinguish itself by defining its identity. Though Canadian culture is adversely affected especially when there is a strained relationship between the two nations, most Canadians believe that there is a distinct Canadian culture at all times. Technological advancements especially in media led to imminent influence on Canadians from American culture. In response to this, Canadian government in conjunction with province governments have tried to accentuate Canadian culture. The Canadian government has been offering money to Canadian programmers making Canadian shows. These measures have led to a domestically and internationally recognized Canadian literature and television shows. Most Canadians have idealized views of what Canada is and what it should become. These factors show that Canada is really working to retain their culture despite many influences from Americans though termed as their cousins.
In the following assignment I will be talking about Nestlé’s background, vision and mission statement, objectives, business strategy, marketing position, competitors, SHRM at Nestle/my view, Nestlé’s 3 HR policies and my views/recommendations, changing role of HR Managers, and finally my conclusion and recommendations. 2. Nescafe Today and Introduction of the company At current time Nestle is one of the world’s leading Food Company, with its headquarters based in Switzerland. Till moment company has more than 280,000 employees and has over 500 factories in 86 countries. Its major market segments are Africa, America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania from where it generates huge profits. Its main motive now is to setup factories locally wherever it can, and then hire local employees. It also tends to rely on local resources and raw material. Therefore, a lot of attention is paid towards its professional training and its social environment. Nestle was founded in 1866 in Vevey, Switzerland, and is a public own company. The company has over 250,000 shareholders and out of those no one owns more than 3% of the stock. Only 1.5% of its profit is generated from its homeland, and rest is from the other 12 factories that it has overseas. Nestle is known for its wide range of products, such as; baby food, dairy product, beverages, pet care, ice-creams, and pharmaceuticals products, etc (Nestle 2010). With the help to all these products it covers a vast market and therefore, provides its shareholders with a long term profitable growth. 3. Nestlé’s Vision To keep its consumer satisfied, by providing them with best high quality food, and dairy product. 4. Nestlé’s Mission The foremost motive is to keep its customer happy by making products as per to the individual taste, lifestyle, and needs which is good for health. 5. Objective of Nestle Want to sustain its long term image by manufacturing and marketing its Company’s products in such a ways, which links with its customer needs and lifestyle. Turning short term profit into long term. Want to carry on its trust and brand image in customer and employee mind by looking after their values and beliefs. To recruit the right person for the right job, because professionalism is very much required to survive in today’s competitive world. 6. Business Strategies 6.1 Corporate Level Strategies Improve its product’s growth through renovation and innovation in process and technology. Want Long term potential Business should be done by holding on to the values and management principles of the organization. Build its organization on the basis of human values and principles (Scribd 2010). 6.2 Business Level Strategies To provide low cost products to its consumers to reduce competition. Have the concept of Differentiation – By this I mean to reduce the risk of complexity of supply chain and lower attractiveness for discounters. 7. Market Positioning: Nestle tries to position its product as a superior quality product and consumer focused. Therefore they have this attracting slogans and messages, such as; “We know your taste better than you” “Nestle Milk pack is now at your door step” “Add additional flavors’ to your life” These all slogans will attract the buyers and would therefore help Nescafe to show its picture clearly and differently. For example, milk pack will position Nescafe’s product on a better platform against the competitors and therefore would gain competitive advantage. Another way of promoting would be displaying their products on the events like Valentine day, Father’s day, Christmas, etc, so that people get familiar with their products. 8. Competitors In todays time any company that runs a business face competition in this competitive market. Nestle is a multinational company, and therefore has a competitor as well in this global market. A main competitor of Nestle at this time is Kraft, which has recently taken over Europe’s No.1 Cadbury Company also. Besides this there are other competitors like; Mars (in chocolate), Dannon and Yoplait (in yogurt), General Mills (in flour), etc (Castelar Articles 2005). 9. SHRM at Nestle NESTLE – A HUMAN COMPANY Nestle is a human Company and I can say this because they pay special attention to the individual needs of their customer and employees. You can see from their attitude and sense of responsibility that how much they are concern for their people. It’s true that Nestle wants to increase its profit, sales, market segment, but not at the cost which would affect the quality life of its consumer and employee. Whatever Nestle is today, it gives all this credit to its people because without them they wouldn’t have come so far. It’s their peoples’ strength and energy which got them so far, and therefore, people are their real asset. The company has always promoted and encouraged open and active communication among its employees. Therefore taking in mind their employees ideas and discussions, Nestle today has resulted into improved Company overall. Therefore, Nestle believes in; – High Performance – High Involvement

Business Plan of Dohuk City

Vaheen Hayder Othman Introduction and Background Dohuk governorate is known as mountain resort destination. It has ancient archaeological sites during all four seasons Dohuk has beautiful views which made it to be one of the best tourism sector of Kurdistan. The city is the point of joint between three parts of Kurdistan (Syria- Turkey- Iraq) therefore it has a strategic location (‘About Duhok Governorate’, 2014). This governorate is considered as one of the most significant and important governorates especially in historical and geographical sides. According to (Shingaly, 2013) because of some points like (the rapid pace of urbanization, moving from other cities to Duhok and the increasing migration from rural to urban areas) economic and social problems of population are increased. It needs commercial projects within the city with a clear plan scheme. The random distribution for commercial uses was due to the lack of a clear plan. Several issues rose from changing the Duhok master plan of land use from residential use to commercial. This affected traffic congestions change of the urban pattern and townscape, less contract of shopping and malls. This essay will address strategic action plan plans for developing the economy of the city of Dohuk with adequate developmental programs for the city. Local economic development makes it easy for Counterpart staff and partners to engage in the process of local economic development planning. This will help stakeholder to find common issues and develop a strategy that will fit key market opportunities. Also to identify quick-win projects to generate jobs opportunities, increase local competitiveness and attract more stakeholders to buy-in (‘Economic Development – Economic Development – Government of Yukon’, 2014).according to (‘Ministry of Planning, Kurdistan Region’, 2014) There are several factors that has affect or prevents the economic development. The first factor is lack of information and transparency. Dohuk’s directorates and main offices must dedicate itself to serve people in a clear way. To achieve this, the ministries should follow data and regulations. It will help local business owners and international investors to make informed decisions that will make economy grow if they have international standards of transparency and accountability. The second issue is inefficient banking system. Any country or city that wants to be successful in business and gain economic development needs a modern banking system. The banking system must be connected to world class financial institutions and build trustful relation with investors and business men/women. The third factor is educational system, which is a very important factor that needs to be taken seriously. Educational system must meet the demands of market economy. It needs to produce the skills and abilities that could help develop economy. Some certain sectors should be given more attention; in addition of English and Arabic language there should be trainings within these sectors to gain more responsive to the market and local development needs. The last factor is not having a good infrastructure. KRG should upgrade basic infrastructure and invest in it as they are one of the important factors to help economic development. The purpose of this economic development plan is to give a better quality of life to the citizens of Dohuk city and attract more people to invest in new businesses. Creating more jobs and developing existing businesses. Mission statement: Dohuk city’s mission is to provide and strengthen the demands of economic market. As the population of the city grows it needs business creation and reducing the rate of unemployment by creating new jobs. Attract foreign companies to invest in the city’s development and retain the companies within the city. Also getting support from KRG to help develop the economy of the city is a major point. If the city can achieve businesses to invest in residential, commercial, industrial and institutional projects, the citizens will be able to enjoy a wide range of various outdoor activities. The mission is to make the city the most desirable place to live in in the region. The mission is to gain economic and social benefits (, 2014). Such as improving living standards it can cause capita income rise and reduce in poverty. The accelerator effect of growth on capital investment, rising demand and output encourages investment in capital – this helps to sustain GDP (, 2014). Making the city richer also to have more resources available to spend on public and serving people including environmental benefits. Most important is the Benefits from growth driven by technological change (, 2014). Goal Statement: Dohuk city is encircled by mountains along the Tigris River. It has a growing tourist industry because of it beautiful weather and view though out the four seasons. The goal is to make Dohuk the main mountain resort destination. This will help economy development of the city, as well as financial and none financial support can be important point of this development. The other goals Dohuk city should achieve are, good quality of life for the citizen, better income, increasing the GDP, job creations, increasing investment. Economic Condition of Dohuk City and Recommendations for Economic Development: Urban: According to (, 2014) the urban population of the Kurdistan Region accounts for 79% of the total population. 41% referees to the three main cities Erbil, Dohuk

Apple Company’s Investment Benefits Research Paper

research paper help Introduction Almost any person today can invest in a large company. There is no need to have a financial education; however, some particular knowledge can be useful. It is just enough to invest in a specific enterprise and monitor what positions it takes in the market. The decision to put money into Apple is quite evident since this corporation is one of the largest manufacturers of digital equipment. With the introduction of the iPhone to the world market, and Apple’s primary product, the popularity of this company has skyrocketed, and many investors are deciding to invest in this corporation. For a person who is not familiar with the specifics of money deposits in securities, it is necessary to know more about the policy of a specific company to assess its prospects for the development and weigh all the pros and cons. Therefore, one of the central questions is whether the investment in Apple is justified and potentially profitable, and what advantages the participation in the work of this corporation gives a shareholder. Basic Principles of Investing Many people have heard that it is possible to invest money in shares and earn on it. Despite the extensive popularity of this method, quite a few know how the securities work, what they can give, and how the process of buying and selling is going on. The primary reason for investing in securities is the possibility of high profits. It is almost impossible to go broke completely. Certainly, stakeholders can lose a part of their funds, but if they competently manage their concerns about buying and selling shares, as a rule, they benefit from it. Features of Apple and Its Share Policy Over the past few years, Apple shares have shown quite good results. The company’s high-tech products, including iTunes, iPad, and iPhone, have positively influenced the corporation’s success in recent years and contributed to rapid growth. Deciding to invest in Apple shares, a person needs to determine how many securities should be bought first to get the desired profit. Even if stakeholders want to put much money into a particular enterprise to buy a lot of shares, they are unlikely to succeed. Despite a significant decline in value over the past year (the price of one share is less by about $ 200), the securities of this corporation still cost a lot (“Apple Inc. Common Stock Quote

Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter

Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter.

I’m working on a history question and need guidance to help me study.

I’ve decided to do something a little different for a Final this semester. We have all persevered through a collective trauma, to make no mention of the social, economic, emotional, and spiritual hardships of the past year. Given the mixed levels of optimism starting to creep back in, let’s take this opportunity to reflect and share. This has become a letter-writing assignment. I want you to think about someone who has been an important part of your support network– someone who motivates you in school, someone who has stepped up for you during the pandemic, someone you think would appreciate the history lesson and/or receiving a communication, etc.Assignment InstructionsStep One: Compose a letter reflecting on a major theme you found important to your life today.Write a two-page, double-spaced letter to someone in your life (a family member, friend, neighbor, coworker, etc.) about a detailed subject or theme you studied in this course. Explain the significance of the history you’ve chosen to share. Explain why you think the recipient of your letter needs to or would like to know this history you are sharing. Use details from our course sources. Unsupported analyses will be penalized. Use and discuss at least three primary sources from this course’s readings.
Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter

Exploring Varieties Of Capitalism

Among various theories of the diversity of capitalism proposed in recent years, the Varieties of Capitalism (VOC) brought up by Hall and Sosckice (2001) remains the most influential yet controversial one. The VOC approach has been widely adopted in the study of Industrial Relations (IR) but also criticized by many scholars. With the increasing level of globalization and the development of technology around the world, it has been questioned that the VOC approach may be getting incapable in explaining features of capitalism in different economies since it is believed most of the economies tend to adopt a mixed capitalism style (see Jackson 2005). However, this essay, drawing on analysis of industrial relations in UK and Germany, argues that the VOC is still valid in interpreting the features of these economies and moreover, the changes in these two economies are fateful due to their characteristics as LME and CME. Methodology and Scope of the Paper To demonstrate the argument mentioned above, the paper analyzes the changes in respond to globalization in UK and Germany’s IR during 1990s using comparative method. The two countries are selected for two reasons. Firstly, they represent the two types of capitalism proposed by Hall and Sosckice: UK is a traditional LME while Germany is a good example of CME. Secondly, since they are both European countries, the globalization impact on their economies are similar; hence make it easier to compare their innovations in IR system. In order to study the IR system in these two countries, Dunlop’s model (1958) is applied. He identified three actors in the system: employers, employees and the government. The relationships among these parties are hence affected by the environmental issues such as technology, market, and so on. Dunlop defined the output of the system as the network of rules that govern the workplace (Bamber et al. 2004). Hence, this paper examines how the actors (namely government, union, and organizations) respond to changes brought by globalization and the outcomes of their responses and compare these responses to prove the argument. The paper begins with a brief explanation of the VOC approach, and the critiques from scholars. The impact of globalization and how the impact changed the European environment is then discussed. The changes in UK and Germany’s IR system are then analyzed and compared. Conclusions and implications on the VOC approach are draw based on these comparisons. The Concept of VOC Hall and Soskice’s (2001) VOC approach focuses on firms and takes a relational view of firms. It argues that the coordination of firms with other actors (such as the government and trade unions) is a key success factor. The coordination involves five aspects: industrial relations, vocational education and training, corporate governance, inter-¬rm relations and the relations with employees. However, the way to solve these five types of coordination differs from economies. Hall and Soskice suggested two ways of achieving coordination: relying on market competition or strategic interaction with institutions. Judging by the way firms coordinate with other institutions, the economies can be divided into Liberal Market Economies (LMEs) and Coordinated Market Economies (CMEs). LMEs are economies in which firms relies mainly on the mechanism of market competition. It can be characterized as: well-developed capital markets and outsider forms of corporate governance; market-based forms of industrial relations with few long-term commitments by employers to workers and use of market mechanisms and contracts to co-ordinate their relations with supplier and buyer firms. (Wailes et al., 2009) While on the other hand, CMEs relies heavily on firms’ interaction with other institutions in the economy. Its key features are summarized by Wailes et al. (2009) as: well-developed capital markets and outsider forms of corporate governance; market-based forms of industrial relations with few long-term commitments by employers to workers and use of market mechanisms and contracts to co-ordinate their relations with supplier and buyer firms. Hence, it is reasonable to think that within the context of globalization, LMEs and CMEs tends to response differently. It is obvious that changes are inevitable in both types of the economies. But the questions are what changes will take place and how these changes will impact the actors in LMEs and CMEs. Hall and Soskice’s (2001) had also identified several possible outcomes of globalization: The response of LMEs and CMEs to challenges tends to be different; LMEs are more likely to offshore while CMEs are not likely to offshore since they prefer to gain competitive advantages from workers with industrial-specified skills; and Firms from time to time may shift some of their activities from the other type of economy (i.e. from LMEs to CMEs or CMEs to LMEs). Critiques of VOC Although the influence of VOC in IR study is significant, it also gains critiques from many scholars. One of the strongest arguments against VOC is that the proposed CMEs and LMEs are not enough to explain the varieties of capitalism in economies around the world. Many economies may lie in somewhere between LMEs and CMEs, and it also not appropriate to explain the emerging markets such as Asia, Latin America and so forth (Wailes et al., 2009). Another argument is associated with the concept of institutional complementarities and the mechanism behind changes proposed by Hall and Soskice. However, the changes discussed are mainly path-dependent changes, and does not help to explain and identify the possibility of radical changes (Crouch and Farrell 2002). It has also been criticized for its institutional deterministic. According to their argument, for example, since LMEs are lack of experience in CMEs, it is not likely that a LME will evolve in a coordinated form. However, there are in reality, evidence indicating that the effort made by some LMEs to shift towards CMEs has been proved successful (Culpepper, 2003). Globalization and Changing European Market Globalization, often seen as one of the most significant characteristic of modern world, is greatly affecting every aspect of each society. As defined by Lauder et al. (2008), globalization is a process in which integration of economic, cultural and institutional aspects takes place among different countries. This integration can be the result of many forces such as development of technology, deregulation, international investment and capital flow, reduction of trade barriers among nations, assimilation of international standards, and so on. As a result, the process of globalization has led to the increasing level of competition among countries fostering the evolvement of management practices and methods and structure of organization. On the other hand, it has also negatively impacted the rate of unemployment and the labor movements. Globalization has influenced the European economies significantly during the past few decades. One of the most important changes is the import of cheep products from foreign countries especially emerging markets. This has greatly severed the level competition and poses challenges in many countries including UK and Germany (Hall, 2007). Moreover, globalization has also resulted in the outflow of capital which is supposed to be invested in domestic industries. With the access to cheap labour in emerging markets such as China, industries using low-skilled workers have been facing shutdowns (Wood, 1994). All these factors have contributed to the problem of employment, which pushed European countries to shift from basic manufacturing to value-added production and service industries which requires a change in workforce skills. As a result, the intensified competition has fostered the so called ‘creative destruction’ as defined by Schumpeter (1949) as the adding of new jobs while reducing other jobs. This requirement for changing employment focus and skill pattern has created tension in many European economies since the replacement of jobs is a difficult and time-taking process. Moreover, given that the birth rates in many European countries are relatively lower, many countries have to keep employment rate in order to support the whole economy while the shift from manufacturing to service industries(Scharpf, 2000). Generally speaking, while globalization has brought benefits, it poses more challenges on European countries in terms of intensified competition and the requirement of shifting from manufacture-based to serviced-based economies. These requirements however, have led to different responses of IR actors in LMEs and CMEs due to their different features as described by VOC. IR System Changes in UK As categorized by Hall and Soskice (2001), UK is a typical example of LME as firms are highly relying on competitive market relationship. Based on this characteristic, it is not surprising that the UK firms did not face too much difficulty when competition has been severed by globalisation. UK firms in this case were able to response to the market change rapidly and started to autonomously shift to new markets and seek for expansion. Meanwhile, the UK government also played an important role in response to the impact of globalization due to the nature of LME. Since labours in an LME are more likely to develop their general skills compared to specialised skills, the shifting in service sector makes it easier for the people to modify their skill set. For the requirement of workforce skill changes, the government had increased the formal schooling to help labours develop new skills. To reduce the unemployment rate, the government had also implemented a so called ‘New Deal’ in 1997 to encourage unemployed workers seek for new jobs or go on for further trainings (Rhodes, 2000). Low level of job protection makes it easier for firms to layoff labours and to acquire new workers to support their changing business focus. Furthermore, since the trade union has lower power in collective bargaining, the range of issues covered in collective bargaining was narrow and unions are left with the ‘take-it-or-leave-it’ offer (Kessler