Business Plan of Dohuk City
Vaheen Hayder Othman Introduction and Background Dohuk governorate is known as mountain resort destination. It has ancient archaeological sites during all four seasons Dohuk has beautiful views which made it to be one of the best tourism sector of Kurdistan. The city is the point of joint between three parts of Kurdistan (Syria- Turkey- Iraq) therefore it has a strategic location (‘About Duhok Governorate’, 2014). This governorate is considered as one of the most significant and important governorates especially in historical and geographical sides. According to (Shingaly, 2013) because of some points like (the rapid pace of urbanization, moving from other cities to Duhok and the increasing migration from rural to urban areas) economic and social problems of population are increased. It needs commercial projects within the city with a clear plan scheme. The random distribution for commercial uses was due to the lack of a clear plan. Several issues rose from changing the Duhok master plan of land use from residential use to commercial. This affected traffic congestions change of the urban pattern and townscape, less contract of shopping and malls. This essay will address strategic action plan plans for developing the economy of the city of Dohuk with adequate developmental programs for the city. Local economic development makes it easy for Counterpart staff and partners to engage in the process of local economic development planning. This will help stakeholder to find common issues and develop a strategy that will fit key market opportunities. Also to identify quick-win projects to generate jobs opportunities, increase local competitiveness and attract more stakeholders to buy-in (‘Economic Development – Economic Development – Government of Yukon’, 2014).according to (‘Ministry of Planning, Kurdistan Region’, 2014) There are several factors that has affect or prevents the economic development. The first factor is lack of information and transparency. Dohuk’s directorates and main offices must dedicate itself to serve people in a clear way. To achieve this, the ministries should follow data and regulations. It will help local business owners and international investors to make informed decisions that will make economy grow if they have international standards of transparency and accountability. The second issue is inefficient banking system. Any country or city that wants to be successful in business and gain economic development needs a modern banking system. The banking system must be connected to world class financial institutions and build trustful relation with investors and business men/women. The third factor is educational system, which is a very important factor that needs to be taken seriously. Educational system must meet the demands of market economy. It needs to produce the skills and abilities that could help develop economy. Some certain sectors should be given more attention; in addition of English and Arabic language there should be trainings within these sectors to gain more responsive to the market and local development needs. The last factor is not having a good infrastructure. KRG should upgrade basic infrastructure and invest in it as they are one of the important factors to help economic development. The purpose of this economic development plan is to give a better quality of life to the citizens of Dohuk city and attract more people to invest in new businesses. Creating more jobs and developing existing businesses. Mission statement: Dohuk city’s mission is to provide and strengthen the demands of economic market. As the population of the city grows it needs business creation and reducing the rate of unemployment by creating new jobs. Attract foreign companies to invest in the city’s development and retain the companies within the city. Also getting support from KRG to help develop the economy of the city is a major point. If the city can achieve businesses to invest in residential, commercial, industrial and institutional projects, the citizens will be able to enjoy a wide range of various outdoor activities. The mission is to make the city the most desirable place to live in in the region. The mission is to gain economic and social benefits (Tutor2u.net, 2014). Such as improving living standards it can cause capita income rise and reduce in poverty. The accelerator effect of growth on capital investment, rising demand and output encourages investment in capital – this helps to sustain GDP (Tutor2u.net, 2014). Making the city richer also to have more resources available to spend on public and serving people including environmental benefits. Most important is the Benefits from growth driven by technological change (Tutor2u.net, 2014). Goal Statement: Dohuk city is encircled by mountains along the Tigris River. It has a growing tourist industry because of it beautiful weather and view though out the four seasons. The goal is to make Dohuk the main mountain resort destination. This will help economy development of the city, as well as financial and none financial support can be important point of this development. The other goals Dohuk city should achieve are, good quality of life for the citizen, better income, increasing the GDP, job creations, increasing investment. Economic Condition of Dohuk City and Recommendations for Economic Development: Urban: According to (Mop.krg.org, 2014) the urban population of the Kurdistan Region accounts for 79% of the total population. 41% referees to the three main cities Erbil, Dohuk
Apple Company’s Investment Benefits Research Paper
research paper help Introduction Almost any person today can invest in a large company. There is no need to have a financial education; however, some particular knowledge can be useful. It is just enough to invest in a specific enterprise and monitor what positions it takes in the market. The decision to put money into Apple is quite evident since this corporation is one of the largest manufacturers of digital equipment. With the introduction of the iPhone to the world market, and Apple’s primary product, the popularity of this company has skyrocketed, and many investors are deciding to invest in this corporation. For a person who is not familiar with the specifics of money deposits in securities, it is necessary to know more about the policy of a specific company to assess its prospects for the development and weigh all the pros and cons. Therefore, one of the central questions is whether the investment in Apple is justified and potentially profitable, and what advantages the participation in the work of this corporation gives a shareholder. Basic Principles of Investing Many people have heard that it is possible to invest money in shares and earn on it. Despite the extensive popularity of this method, quite a few know how the securities work, what they can give, and how the process of buying and selling is going on. The primary reason for investing in securities is the possibility of high profits. It is almost impossible to go broke completely. Certainly, stakeholders can lose a part of their funds, but if they competently manage their concerns about buying and selling shares, as a rule, they benefit from it. Features of Apple and Its Share Policy Over the past few years, Apple shares have shown quite good results. The company’s high-tech products, including iTunes, iPad, and iPhone, have positively influenced the corporation’s success in recent years and contributed to rapid growth. Deciding to invest in Apple shares, a person needs to determine how many securities should be bought first to get the desired profit. Even if stakeholders want to put much money into a particular enterprise to buy a lot of shares, they are unlikely to succeed. Despite a significant decline in value over the past year (the price of one share is less by about $ 200), the securities of this corporation still cost a lot (“Apple Inc. Common Stock Quote
Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter
Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter.
I’m working on a history question and need guidance to help me study.
I’ve decided to do something a little different for a Final this semester. We have all persevered through a collective trauma, to make no mention of the social, economic, emotional, and spiritual hardships of the past year. Given the mixed levels of optimism starting to creep back in, let’s take this opportunity to reflect and share. This has become a letter-writing assignment. I want you to think about someone who has been an important part of your support network– someone who motivates you in school, someone who has stepped up for you during the pandemic, someone you think would appreciate the history lesson and/or receiving a communication, etc.Assignment InstructionsStep One: Compose a letter reflecting on a major theme you found important to your life today.Write a two-page, double-spaced letter to someone in your life (a family member, friend, neighbor, coworker, etc.) about a detailed subject or theme you studied in this course. Explain the significance of the history you’ve chosen to share. Explain why you think the recipient of your letter needs to or would like to know this history you are sharing. Use details from our course sources. Unsupported analyses will be penalized. Use and discuss at least three primary sources from this course’s readings.
Issues in the American Imperialism and the Iraq War Letter
Exploring Varieties Of Capitalism
Among various theories of the diversity of capitalism proposed in recent years, the Varieties of Capitalism (VOC) brought up by Hall and Sosckice (2001) remains the most influential yet controversial one. The VOC approach has been widely adopted in the study of Industrial Relations (IR) but also criticized by many scholars. With the increasing level of globalization and the development of technology around the world, it has been questioned that the VOC approach may be getting incapable in explaining features of capitalism in different economies since it is believed most of the economies tend to adopt a mixed capitalism style (see Jackson 2005). However, this essay, drawing on analysis of industrial relations in UK and Germany, argues that the VOC is still valid in interpreting the features of these economies and moreover, the changes in these two economies are fateful due to their characteristics as LME and CME. Methodology and Scope of the Paper To demonstrate the argument mentioned above, the paper analyzes the changes in respond to globalization in UK and Germany’s IR during 1990s using comparative method. The two countries are selected for two reasons. Firstly, they represent the two types of capitalism proposed by Hall and Sosckice: UK is a traditional LME while Germany is a good example of CME. Secondly, since they are both European countries, the globalization impact on their economies are similar; hence make it easier to compare their innovations in IR system. In order to study the IR system in these two countries, Dunlop’s model (1958) is applied. He identified three actors in the system: employers, employees and the government. The relationships among these parties are hence affected by the environmental issues such as technology, market, and so on. Dunlop defined the output of the system as the network of rules that govern the workplace (Bamber et al. 2004). Hence, this paper examines how the actors (namely government, union, and organizations) respond to changes brought by globalization and the outcomes of their responses and compare these responses to prove the argument. The paper begins with a brief explanation of the VOC approach, and the critiques from scholars. The impact of globalization and how the impact changed the European environment is then discussed. The changes in UK and Germany’s IR system are then analyzed and compared. Conclusions and implications on the VOC approach are draw based on these comparisons. The Concept of VOC Hall and Soskice’s (2001) VOC approach focuses on firms and takes a relational view of firms. It argues that the coordination of firms with other actors (such as the government and trade unions) is a key success factor. The coordination involves five aspects: industrial relations, vocational education and training, corporate governance, inter-¬rm relations and the relations with employees. However, the way to solve these five types of coordination differs from economies. Hall and Soskice suggested two ways of achieving coordination: relying on market competition or strategic interaction with institutions. Judging by the way firms coordinate with other institutions, the economies can be divided into Liberal Market Economies (LMEs) and Coordinated Market Economies (CMEs). LMEs are economies in which firms relies mainly on the mechanism of market competition. It can be characterized as: well-developed capital markets and outsider forms of corporate governance; market-based forms of industrial relations with few long-term commitments by employers to workers and use of market mechanisms and contracts to co-ordinate their relations with supplier and buyer firms. (Wailes et al., 2009) While on the other hand, CMEs relies heavily on firms’ interaction with other institutions in the economy. Its key features are summarized by Wailes et al. (2009) as: well-developed capital markets and outsider forms of corporate governance; market-based forms of industrial relations with few long-term commitments by employers to workers and use of market mechanisms and contracts to co-ordinate their relations with supplier and buyer firms. Hence, it is reasonable to think that within the context of globalization, LMEs and CMEs tends to response differently. It is obvious that changes are inevitable in both types of the economies. But the questions are what changes will take place and how these changes will impact the actors in LMEs and CMEs. Hall and Soskice’s (2001) had also identified several possible outcomes of globalization: The response of LMEs and CMEs to challenges tends to be different; LMEs are more likely to offshore while CMEs are not likely to offshore since they prefer to gain competitive advantages from workers with industrial-specified skills; and Firms from time to time may shift some of their activities from the other type of economy (i.e. from LMEs to CMEs or CMEs to LMEs). Critiques of VOC Although the influence of VOC in IR study is significant, it also gains critiques from many scholars. One of the strongest arguments against VOC is that the proposed CMEs and LMEs are not enough to explain the varieties of capitalism in economies around the world. Many economies may lie in somewhere between LMEs and CMEs, and it also not appropriate to explain the emerging markets such as Asia, Latin America and so forth (Wailes et al., 2009). Another argument is associated with the concept of institutional complementarities and the mechanism behind changes proposed by Hall and Soskice. However, the changes discussed are mainly path-dependent changes, and does not help to explain and identify the possibility of radical changes (Crouch and Farrell 2002). It has also been criticized for its institutional deterministic. According to their argument, for example, since LMEs are lack of experience in CMEs, it is not likely that a LME will evolve in a coordinated form. However, there are in reality, evidence indicating that the effort made by some LMEs to shift towards CMEs has been proved successful (Culpepper, 2003). Globalization and Changing European Market Globalization, often seen as one of the most significant characteristic of modern world, is greatly affecting every aspect of each society. As defined by Lauder et al. (2008), globalization is a process in which integration of economic, cultural and institutional aspects takes place among different countries. This integration can be the result of many forces such as development of technology, deregulation, international investment and capital flow, reduction of trade barriers among nations, assimilation of international standards, and so on. As a result, the process of globalization has led to the increasing level of competition among countries fostering the evolvement of management practices and methods and structure of organization. On the other hand, it has also negatively impacted the rate of unemployment and the labor movements. Globalization has influenced the European economies significantly during the past few decades. One of the most important changes is the import of cheep products from foreign countries especially emerging markets. This has greatly severed the level competition and poses challenges in many countries including UK and Germany (Hall, 2007). Moreover, globalization has also resulted in the outflow of capital which is supposed to be invested in domestic industries. With the access to cheap labour in emerging markets such as China, industries using low-skilled workers have been facing shutdowns (Wood, 1994). All these factors have contributed to the problem of employment, which pushed European countries to shift from basic manufacturing to value-added production and service industries which requires a change in workforce skills. As a result, the intensified competition has fostered the so called ‘creative destruction’ as defined by Schumpeter (1949) as the adding of new jobs while reducing other jobs. This requirement for changing employment focus and skill pattern has created tension in many European economies since the replacement of jobs is a difficult and time-taking process. Moreover, given that the birth rates in many European countries are relatively lower, many countries have to keep employment rate in order to support the whole economy while the shift from manufacturing to service industries(Scharpf, 2000). Generally speaking, while globalization has brought benefits, it poses more challenges on European countries in terms of intensified competition and the requirement of shifting from manufacture-based to serviced-based economies. These requirements however, have led to different responses of IR actors in LMEs and CMEs due to their different features as described by VOC. IR System Changes in UK As categorized by Hall and Soskice (2001), UK is a typical example of LME as firms are highly relying on competitive market relationship. Based on this characteristic, it is not surprising that the UK firms did not face too much difficulty when competition has been severed by globalisation. UK firms in this case were able to response to the market change rapidly and started to autonomously shift to new markets and seek for expansion. Meanwhile, the UK government also played an important role in response to the impact of globalization due to the nature of LME. Since labours in an LME are more likely to develop their general skills compared to specialised skills, the shifting in service sector makes it easier for the people to modify their skill set. For the requirement of workforce skill changes, the government had increased the formal schooling to help labours develop new skills. To reduce the unemployment rate, the government had also implemented a so called ‘New Deal’ in 1997 to encourage unemployed workers seek for new jobs or go on for further trainings (Rhodes, 2000). Low level of job protection makes it easier for firms to layoff labours and to acquire new workers to support their changing business focus. Furthermore, since the trade union has lower power in collective bargaining, the range of issues covered in collective bargaining was narrow and unions are left with the ‘take-it-or-leave-it’ offer (Kessler