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political writing -02

political writing -02.

This week’s reflection is a really interesting exercise because it combines the material from all three weeks where we have been discussing democracy and institutions. Also, it might be a little longer than your previous reflections (3 pages) but don’t worry if it is a little longer. Also, refer to the Guided Reflection instructions and submit the assignment through VeriCite. A new island has been discovered in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The people there are sophisticated and have had different versions of governments throughout their history. The island consists of 3 distinct ethnic groups relatively equal in size. You are charged with developing a new government for this country. What kind of government institutions do you put in place? Why? You will need to choose a: Presidential or a parliamentary system; Bicameral or unicameral legislature; Federal or unitary state; Type of voting system. In your reflection, be sure to give both the reason you chose one option and also why you rejected the other options. Need to use Class section 3, Democracy and Institution. readings from week 5 to week 7. Need 3 in-class readings citation!!!General outline for reflection papers:Intro paragraph: 3-4 sentences that essentially tell me what you are going to say in the essay.3-4 body paragraphs: Each paragraph should either answer one part of the question or, if the question has a multi-part answer, should address each individual idea. Each paragraph should have some evidence to back it up, so I would expect to see at least one citation in each paragraph.Conclusion: 3-4 sentences that are a brief recap of what you’ve just told me.When it comes to rubrics, I tend toward the following general guide.A: You did all of the things exceptionally well.B: You did all of the things.C: You at least tried to do all of the things.D: It’s not clear that you understand all of the things.F: You haven’t even attempted to do the things.I know this is not super specific, but I find that it allows me to be more generous than a super specific rubric that says X= a certain number of points. In the past, those kind of rubrics have led to overall lower scores than keeping it more general like the above.
political writing -02

The Internet as a Space for Digital Art

The Internet as a Space for Digital Art. SpACES How does the spectator engage with the digital art? Medium for an artist is an essential factor when it comes to any artwork. A net artist uses the Internet as their canvas and the computer as their paintbrush. Within my review, I will be answering the questions – how the viewer sees the Internet as a space for art, how does a website that is not fully active, through the spectator’s interaction. After, I will be able to identify, when a website is passive or active. Throughout researching on my topic and to support my argument, I will be referencing to, Bruce Wand’s Art of the Digital Age, Omar Kholeif’s You are Here: Art after the Internet and Alison Colman’s Studies in Art Education, focusing on the chapter, ‘ and Net.pedagogy: Introducing Internet Art to the Digital Art Curriculum’. To end, I will be concluding with an argument towards my main question: How does the spectator engage with the digital art? The Internet and Digital Art How does the viewer see the Internet as a space for art? The Internet is a space that has been around since the late 20th century and today it has grown massively throughout the world. It comes from the development of computer science in the 1960s and it was initially tested and created in the United States and in the United Kingdom. It primarily began as a way to share documents and other pieces of software globally by using the World Wide Web. Today, we still use it as it was meant to be used for, but it has been increasing since then. Now, the platform has websites where we can interact with other people (e.g. Facebook), to watch endless hours of videos (e.g. YouTube) or even to create art – which the term net art was originated “to refer to a strain of Internet art that emerged soon after the invention and wide take-up of web browsers in the mid-1990s” (Stallabrass, 2003, pp.49). Net art is the term for what the artist creates but the field of study is known as digital art. Digital art in the contemporary term can be described as art made from “the digital realm, [which] include[s] virtual reality software art and net art.” (Wands, 2006, pp.11) It is all about the evolution aspect within art and the world, as “photography itself evolved from drawing and painting” (Wands, 2006, pp.11), net art has evolved from photography and film. Figure 2 MacBook Air 2018 Figure 1 1970s Computer Like the Internet today is a big part of our society whether we want to deny it or not, it’s all around us. So, instead of escaping it, let us dive into what we can create. As artists, there has been software created specifically for art. We have Photoshop, Illustrator and Paint (Windows 7), one of the first software to come installed on your own computer; and the Internet allows us to create websites where we can include everything and anything. Personally, I have used WordPress, Wix and even Instagram as a way to store work created by myself to share with friends and people over the world or even to share another people’s work. Each website has its advantages and disadvantages when it comes to creating something and it all comes down to what you want to share, what space on the Internet is going to benefit you and how do you want to display your work. Moreover, the Internet is a space where we can distribute art, as a hobby or as a commercial place. Nowadays, not only artists but people that have a business or what to start one, can simply create a website and sell their own products from home. Writers today can self-publish books and sell them directly from the Internet without going through the chaotic and expensive process of getting an agent or a publishing agency. I would say that the Internet can be helpful in whatever you need advice on but there is the downfall of, what if the Internet got shut down tomorrow? Would you be able to live without it? It all comes down to how much of the Internet do you let it run your life, and would you be able to manage your life without it today? Would the artworks be lost on the Internet? In the text, Net Art and Net.pedagogy: Introducing Internet Art to the Digital Art Curriculum’ from Studies in Art Education, Alison Colman informs us that Internet art does not have a canon. That there are well-known works out there and she references as one of them but Internet art is art that people do not really know about until they actually go and try to find it. Normally, to see art, one goes to an art gallery or a museum and they see, sculptures, paintings, ceramics and even fashion (clothing, accessories) but not really the Internet for viewing digital art, per se. Today, some people will know what Internet art is, but I still think it is a foggy subject and Colman experiments that theory. Colman arranged a 6-week college project for students “at a college preparatory inner-city high school located in a Midwestern metropolitan area”, (Colman, 2004, pp.64) and she introduced them to Internet art and showed them some examples. Her findings were that before explaining what the website was and how to go through it, the students just gave up and thought that it was too complicated to interact with. What is the difference between a normal website than an Internet art website? How could they define the difference? Students didn’t know what Internet art was and how to access it. They had not been introduced to art like that before. So, Colman explained what each website was and its purpose. How to interact throughout the website and then, she asked, what did they think about it? The students became aware of Internet art through explaining because of how encrypted and abnormal it was for someone that did not understand about computer programming or software codes. (Colman, 2004) The purpose of informing people about Internet art is to show its evolution today. Even though Colman’s text was written in 2004, and there has been new art since then, there may be a canon of Internet art resurfacing soon, I would suspect. The Internet has been growing massively, it has become a site for art production, and I will be analysing a specific website to understand more about the Internet’s function for the art world. Is the Internet a private or a public space, or both? “between public and private space is that it is not merely two spaces that are involved but a public space and a vast number of private spaces; each private space belongs to someone, and the presumption then is that there are as many such spaces as there are expedients, human and non-human, capable of apprehending spatial distinctions.” (Lewis, 1952-53, pp.79) The Internet seems to be a public space because of how everyone can publish anything online and everyone is able to see it. On the contrary, the Internet is more a private space than it is public. An example that most people have gone through is when it comes to creating an account on a social media platform. By creating an account on Facebook, Twitter or Instagram there is a Terms and Conditions form that asks you to read it and accept for you to proceed with your application. Now, as you tick the box to accept its terms, you are, in a way, signing a contract and as when you sign a contract or an application in real life there is always someone on the other side of that contract. Meaning, that the Internet is controlled by someone and the Internet becomes a private sector instead of a public space. Stephanie Bailey (2014) in Omar Kholeif’s You are Here: Art after the Internet, confirms my statement by stating, “The Internet – like real space – is not public at all. It is negotiated, managed, contested, and contracted. A place where divisive lines between public and private are mediated, challenge, and even dissolved.” But is there any part of the Internet that’s public? To answer to that question, we need to look at the Internet from a different viewpoint; if you take the action of only a spectator, and a spectator only, then yes. The Internet can be a free space for you to navigate without any consequences. If you are just a visitor on a website or watching a video on YouTube, there aren’t any requirements that you need to sign and so you are publicly on the internet with no concerns. With “images, music, and words now become drops in a pool of derivative sweat created by working out their central themes and displaying them publically online for all to view.” (Troemel, 2014, pp.42) If someone publishes a public file to the internet, you have public access to it – meaning – that you are able to interact with it fully and with no restrictions whatsoever. The Internet can be used for a diverse usage when it comes to art or even in general day-to-day life. Consumerism is another aspect that we can use the Internet for, as “the impact of the Web is not only sociological but economical, political, existential, psychological, epistemological: it is total. The Web radically modifies public and private spaces and times-and deeply alters public–private relationships. This technological framework became a new public space and a new public time – with the growing danger to be privatized.” (Bailey, 2014, pp.130) A website becomes private when the creator of that website decides to make it on not. It’s not up to us to decide whether it’s private or public. When it comes to social media, e.g. Instagram, we can make our accounts private or public whether we want just our friends to see our posts or the whole wide world. There is the setting for it and if you want to see their page, all you have to do is send a request to the profile user; there is a privacy sector which interlinks with private but if someone wants their privacy within just friends they can do so, and that is up to the creator of that page/profile on Instagram or any other social media platform out there. – a collaborative net art project developed by Joan Heemskerk and Dirk Paesmans. The website consists of HTML software that has been found through the Internet and how it has fragmented the world of the Internet. It contains errors that may have been created by a virus or a system failure. It is a wondrous website that can leave you exploring for hours but also a trap for you to get lost in its wonders. The function of becomes a story to tell us about the accidents of the Internet and how the Internet can fall apart. Both artists have experience in working with software and an understanding of the context of the Internet because they have worked in the past on computer programming for major companies, e.g. Netscape. Figure 3 Heemskerk, J.The Internet as a Space for Digital Art



I’m working on a writing project and need support to help me study.

OVERVIEWLesson 6 focuses on moral debates in popular culture using the category of Religion and Popular Culture in Dialogue. Two of that lesson’s objectives where to explain the various ways sexual lyrics function in dancehall, and evaluate the ways reggae artists legitimate homophobia in dancehall. The lesson looked at how popular culture can both reinforce moral norms (such as heteronormativity reiterated in dancehall) and challenge religious traditions for their moral failings (Sinead O’Connor’s criticism of the Catholic Church, or Arrested Development’s criticism of Black churches for failing to nurture African-Americans). It also covered the conflicts over the meaning of yoga by religious and secular practitioners. Each of these is an example of tensions that arise between religion and popular culture. (Remember, using the Religion and Popular Culture in Dialogue category, we are extending our definition of religion to include debates over ethics, as moral principles and social values are traditionally the realm of religion: “these issues are not directly about religion, but they are ethical arenas to which religious values pertain” (Forbes and Mahan. 2017, 20)).YOUR TASKFor this project you are to analyse Lil Nas X’s “MONTERO (Call Me By Your Name)” official video. The video is boldly homoerotic and plays with Christian imagery and mythology beginning in the Garden of Eden and ending up in Hell where the singer lap dances on Satan. You are to respond to one of the following prompts, which encourage you to think about this video in the context of RE220OC. Your project should have a clear thesis supported by specific examples, demonstrate close engagement with course concepts and critical thinking, and follow all relevant Writing Tips found on MyLS. You may write an essay but I am open to other projects as well, such as a podcast (no more than 10 minutes long). If you would like to pitch another idea for a project instead of an essay or podcast, please do this at least two weeks in advance of the due date. In addition to the video, your analysis can also look at other songs and videos by Lil Nas X, the artist himself (his Twitter account is a goldmine), and the controversy around his “Satan Shoes”i will send you the materials when you comfirmRequirements: no more than 1100 words, double-spacedMUST USE IN CLASS MATERIALS NO OUTSIDE SOURCES

BUS 128 Grossmont College Phases of The Communication Process Discussion

BUS 128 Grossmont College Phases of The Communication Process Discussion.

I’m working on a communications writing question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Assignment #1 – Use the eight phases of the communication process to analyze a miscommunication you’ve recently had with a co-worker, supervisor, classmate, teacher, friend, or family member. What idea were you trying to share? How did you encode and transmit it? Did the receiver get the message? Did the receiver correctly decode the message? How do you know? Based on your analysis, identify and explain the barriers that prevented your successful communication in this instance. You should be able to complete this assignment in two-three pages.
BUS 128 Grossmont College Phases of The Communication Process Discussion

The Impact of Radio-Frequency Technology on Retailing and Wholesaling Evaluation Essay

The Impact of Radio-Frequency Technology on Retailing and Wholesaling Evaluation Essay. Technological innovations have altered the business landscapes. Today, for instance, many interactive technologies that rely on Internet platforms have introduced disruptive traditional practices and forced many retailers and wholesalers to review their business practices. Innovative, interactive technologies have provided platforms for new robust business models such as Netflix, Amazon, eBay, and Alibaba, among others. The Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology is not new, and many large organizations have successfully used it in the past. In the recent years, however, retailers and wholesalers have discovered the benefits of RFID technology as means of enhancing business processes in highly competitive business environments. Retailers and wholesalers have noted the RFID technology would assist them to improve business efficiency and create competitive advantage. In this paper, the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on retailing and wholesaling is explored. As retailers and wholesalers create strong markets for RFID, they have recognized some specific importance of the technology that drives it adoption. Specifically, retailers and wholesalers strive for processes optimization and effective tracking of goods. These businesses aim to attain enhanced speed and visibility with RFID technology. Consequently, they will achieve more significant operational advantages, efficiency and effectiveness along the supply chain. Wholesalers use the RFDI technology to ensure that products can be delivered to warehouses and distributors at the right time to improve purchase. When retailers and wholesalers achieve improved visibility through the RFID technology, they reduce inventory levels, cut labor costs and increase sales. For many retailers and wholesalers, the cost reduction advantage achieved from adopting the technology is the most appealing. In this regard, retailers and wholesalers expect to reduce costs through effective management of inventory and expenses. Specifically, cost-reduction through RFID technology targets waste reduction, manageable inventory levels, elimination of manual processes, reduction in costs of product handling and logistic costs, reduce cases of claims and enhance asset usages. Retailers and wholesalers also focus on increased revenues through the deployment of RFID technology. In most cases, retailers and wholesalers are deploying the RFID technology to drive sales. Consequently, they can offer innovative solutions, which meet specific needs of customers. The RFID technology helps retailers and wholesalers to reduce out-of-stocks, increase the rate of fill rates, avoid shrinkage, enhance inventory movements, and customer support. At the same time, retailers and wholesalers use RFID technology to curb counterfeit products. It has been observed that many manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers globally lose sales and profits because of the increased production of counterfeit products. It is also imperative to recognize that counterfeit products are primary safety and security risk for consumers. As such, many wholesalers and retailers have deployed the RFID technology to identify counterfeit products in their supply chains. Original products are tagged with RFID supported with real-time access to databases and, therefore, any counterfeit products can be quickly identified and separated. The RFID technology also reduces cases of theft, shrinkage and diversion tendencies. The deployment of the RFID technology has assisted retailers and wholesalers to identify cases of theft and diversion across the supply chain, including at the factory floor, the warehouse, the shelf and points of sale. Finally, the RFID technology has also assisted retailers and wholesalers to create competitive advantage. Efficiency in business processes and increased profitability attributed to the RFID technology assist retailers and wholesalers to meet their business goals and establish competitive advantage. Firms can easily compare their performances against the industry peers to determine their competitive advantage. The RFID technology has been touted across industries as a tool for enhancing competitive advantage. In this regard, competitive advantage derived from the RFID technology may include enhanced productivity along the supply chain, increased output from employees, flexibility, cost advantage and determine the required by a specific date. Retailers, wholesalers and distributors may also realize the impact of the RFID technology in their overall mission. Generally, organizational mission or purpose shows the primary functions of an organization. It may also reflect organizational endeavors to achieve the needs of its customers using specific tools, including technologies and related devices. As such, this view posits that organizational mission is growth-oriented by focusing on specific practices that identify the needs of customers and potential tools for meeting such needs. At the same time, it also stretches further to account for changes in the business, including competition. Organizational mission is therefore dynamic and always seeks for continuous improvement on business processes and outcomes. It always focuses on strength and weaknesses for critical assessment for improvement. In this regard, the RFID technology, as a tool of business, can impact the mission significantly. First, the RFID technology has enhanced effective communication between customers, retailers, wholesalers and distributors. Consequently, these businesses are able to meet clients’ needs fast. Availability of information has ensured that the company can understand future supplies and demands based on future wishes and needs of customers. Preparation for the future promotes organizational mission. Second, the RFID technology assists organizations to realize their mission by understanding business activities. For instance, it helps organizations to monitor and project business activities, including what the competition does. When a company is able to identify changes and react promptly to manage them, then it can advance its business goals and achieve its core mission. The RFID technology ensures that organizations develop superior supply chain systems relative to competitors. Hence, customers will most likely to use superior services. Third, the RFID technology promotes organizational mission by determining available potential. In this regard, retailers, wholesalers and distributors are forced to use their strategic tools to enhance their respective growth strategies. Besides, it helps organizations to position themselves strategically based on their technological capabilities and human resources and, therefore, enhancing differentiation. Fourth, the RFID technology helps organizations to advance their mission by facilitating changes. For instance, retailers, wholesalers and distributors may obtain generic technologies and later acquire new ones to reflect ongoing changes in the industry. In this manner, an organization would not be left behind technologically. Fifth, the RFID technology assists organizations to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses relative to strategic position. Consequently, retailers, wholesalers and distributors can adequately understand the industry dynamics and changes that facilitate performance. Finally, the RFID technology can assist organizations to realize their mission through evaluating their achievements and results. If these achievements are not desirable, then an organization can use the information to improve business processes and, therefore, advance its mission. It is imperative for retailers and wholesalers to implement, train, focus on, or mentor someone on RFID technology. However, the RFID technology, just like any other technologies, may face resistance in an organization despite its robustness and obvious benefits. If any retailer or wholesaler can implement it properly, then it can realize massive advantages and enhance competitiveness. In addition, it is essential to note that many organizations that have attempted to implement the RFID technology have found it more challenging and eventually failed. Implementation of the RFID technology is a complex initiative that requires upfront user education and effective planning to enhance successful implementation. The retailer must recognize that the implementation of the RFID technology requires assistance from more experienced users. This would ensure that technical challenges are effectively handled before they can derail the implementation. For effective implementation, organizations should manage expectations. That is, all business activities and expectations from the RFID technology should be evaluated to determine actual capabilities of the new system. Implementation also requires retailers to undertake process evaluation to understand major processes that require the RFID technology. The technology should be implemented to improve the processes and practices while taking into consideration possible future developments. All the necessary software and hardware materials for successful implementation of the RFID technology should be available and documented. Functional responsibilities must be clearly identified to ensure smooth implementation. Documentation would be essential for review all stages and ensure system adoption and acceptance among end-users. Changes in requirements can be effectively managed when they are documented. Retailers should also determine that the physical installation location lacks any possible interference to ensure that successful deployment of the system. In addition, more robust hybrid RFID technology may be chosen to develop the best solutions. For instance, the RFID technology may have capabilities to read bar codes and still allow users to read the codes manually. On the same note, retailers should also select the preferred tags properly because of diverse configurations. Different tags are developed because of harsh environmental conditions. Finally, successful implementation of the RFID technology requires end-user training and effective change management. Retailers and wholesalers should focus on change management to enhance adopt and acceptance of the RFID technology in their organizations. It has been noted that challenges associated with the implementation of new technologies sometimes emanate from employees rather than the technology itself. Hence, addressing the change process during implementation can mitigate some noted issues. Change is a major challenge in any organization notwithstanding the level of approach. Thus, planning, effective communication and training of end-users are imperative for change management. Retailers should select influential employees to manage change and ensure successful implementation of the RFID technology. The RFID technology is most likely to impact several aspects of organizational operations. Change management requires adequate resources, as well as management support, communication and buy-ins for users. Retailers should involve employees during early stages of the RFID technology implementation to minimize resistance. Retailers and wholesalers can still incorporate the RFID technology into their current occupational structure successfully. It is observed that some large retailers like Wal-Mart have successfully integrated new RFID technologies into their existing operations to account for new customer demands and enhance operational efficiency. In fact, the RFID efforts should be continuous and sustained. It is advisable that organizations should use simple approaches and minimize many complex processes during installation and integration. In this case, the integration process should be gradual to be successfully incorporated before the full system can be completely adopted. Retailers should assemble the best team across various departments, including business units, IT and financial departments alongside other stakeholders such as vendors and support team to assist with the system integration. Testing and evaluation of the system are critical during this stage to ensure that solutions are found for any noted issues. In addition, it is recommended that the integration should be initiated at a single location by focusing on friendly tags. The process can then be tested with tag placement, while processes can be reviewed and eventually go live with fully integrated RFID. The status quo should only be maintained for a given period to enhance change management and manage smooth transition. Overall, integrating the new RFID technology into retailer’s existing occupational structure can assist critically in improving customer service, cost-cutting and streamlining the supply chain. During then integration process, retailers should fully incorporate the new system into their current policies, practices, culture and people to ensure the technology is fully tapped and full potentials realized. Besides, new implementation strategies such as incorporating cloud computing are available to reduce costs. The essay has focused on the impact of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology on retailing and wholesaling. It shows that the RFID technology offers multiple benefits to retailers, wholesalers and distributors along the supply chain, including operational efficiency, competitive advantage and cost reduction. At the same time, the RFID technology helps organizations to advance and realize their mission while growing business. It is also possible to implement and train the staff on the RFID technology. Retailers that integrate the new RFID into existing occupational structures have also noted positive outcomes, specifically if the process is well managed and transition is gradual. References Attaran, M. (2012). Critical Success Factors and Challenges of Implementing RFID in Supply Chain Management. Journal of Supply Chain and Operations Management, 10(1), 144-167. Harps, L. H. (2005). Supply Chain Technology: Integrating the OldThe Impact of Radio-Frequency Technology on Retailing and Wholesaling Evaluation Essay

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