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Political Science homework help

Political Science homework help. Journal Entry – Chapter 7Chapter 7: Agreement and Consideration in Contracts – Chapter 7 – Journal EntryDo not copy answers directly from the book or cut and paste from a site on the web.Using **any** kind of Wiki, including Wikipedia, is not appropriate.Please do your own work, in your own words, and use proper grammar and spelling, too.Upload your journal entry to the drop box.AGREEMENT AND CONSIDERATION IN CONTRACTS (page 220)Ted and Betty Hyatt live in California, a state that has extensive statutory protection for consumers. ÿThe Hyatts decided to buy a computer so that they could use e-mail to stay in touch with their grandchildren, who live in another state. ÿOver the phone, they ordered a computer from CompuEdge, Inc. When the box arrived, it was sealed with a brightly colored sticker warning that the terms enclosed within the box would govern the sale unless the customer returned the computer within thirty days. Among those terms was a clause that required any disputes to be resolved in Tennessee state courts. ÿThe Hyatts then signed up for Internet service through CyberTool, an Internet service provider. They downloaded CyberTool?s software and clicked on the ?quick install? box that allowed them to bypass CyberTool?s ?Terms of Service? page. ÿIt was possible to read this page by scrolling to the next screen, but the Hyatts did not realize this. ÿThe terms included a clause that stated all disputes were to be submitted to a Virginia state court. ÿAs soon as the Hyatts attempted to e-mail their grandchildren they experienced problems using CyberTool?s e-mail service, which continually stated that the network was busy. ÿThey also were unable to receive the photos sent by their grandchildren.Answer the following questions1. Did the Hyatts accept the list of contract terms included in the computer box? ÿWhy or why not?2. What type of agreement did the Hyatts form with Cyber Tool?3. Suppose that the Hyatts experienced trouble with the computer?s components after they had used the computer for two months. ÿWhat factors will a court consider in deciding whether to enforce the forum-selection clause? ÿWould a court be likely to enforce the clause in this contract? ÿWhy or why not?4. Are the Hyatts bound by the contract terms specified on CyberTool?s ?Terms of Service? page that they did not read? ÿWhich of the required elements for contract formation might the Hyatt?s claim lack? ÿHow might a court rule on this issue?FOR 2 POINTS OF EXTRA CREDIT, ANSWER:The terms and conditions in click-on agreements are so long and detailed that no one ever reads one. ÿTherefore, the act of clicking ?Yes, I agree.? is not really an acceptance. ÿDo you agree or disagree with this statement and why?Political Science homework help
LW management replies. Need help with my Management question – I’m studying for my class.

Reply to all parts
Part 2
Data collection can become a slippery slope for businesses. Many steps should be considered when collecting data. Why do we collect data? Which data will be gathered? Who’ll collect the data? How do you handle the right data? The organization must be justified in collecting data. Improving industry, remaining competitive, and rising demand are driving data collection. Different methods can be used to handle information, and what type of data can be requested depending on the system. Two types of data are data attributes. Attribution data is the presence or absence of an organization-required feature. Accurately measured factor info. Understanding that the data collection systems will be safe from intrusion is also essential.
Furthermore, employees with access to the collected information need to know and will not disclose information to others or mishandle the information. We have seen in the past and are likely to see again in the future that data will never be 100% secure, but companies need to do their best to protect the information from compromise. The Chief Information Officers (CIO) will be responsible for ensuring that proper network and safety policies are in place to protect the collected data. Best practices and lessons learned from other companies can help draw up data collection strategies and guidelines. So keeping information secure is up to everyone.
Reference: Links CINPACFLT. Essential system optimization tools: Unit 7, data collection. U.S. Air Force Retrieved: http:/www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/bpi manual / mod7-datacoll.pdf
Part 3
Marcus Hutchins has discovered the virus kill switch, reverse malware engineer, and security researcher. He used his embedded tracking system for malware apps. I was learning WannaCry last year. Many hospital records were ransomed, and it was essential to reschedule patients needing severe surgery. In contrast, NotPetya, another malware used the Double Pulsar and Eternal Blue to cause havoc. As 1.7 million internet connections are unstable, this is a significant concern (Whittaker, 2019).
Re-patching is excellent, but businesses are trying to find a proactive alternative. Cybersecurity is a must, and an alert has been issued to WannaCry. Systems aren’t as robust as we felt before. The recurrent theme is Asia’s skepticism. The innocent of North Korea. The cryptocurrency loves criminals. I’m not a real cryptocurrency. Facebook CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, answers the criticism from Maxine Waters. It’s complicated, and I think the situation will become more troublesome before it changes.
The newest controversy is the WannaMine blockchain mining assault. One solution is Desktop Central, a platform that avoids vulnerabilities in processors such as Meltdown and Spectre, defends against ransomware, fights endpoint-based hacker attacks, secures email communication, protects roaming machines, improves data security, detects hacked or infected phones, and enforces confidentiality and retains it.
Whittaker, Z. (October 4, 2019). TechCrunch. Retrieved from https://techcrunch.com/2019/05/12/wannacry-two-years-on/
Part 4
When searching for a product on a website, certain products that were viewed tend to come up as an advertisement when visiting other sites. This can sometimes create a conversion to the website, but there are many times when the products continue to show up on different sites that are not relevant to the what is being searched for. These ads should be restricted to only showing up on sites relevant to what is being searched for. It can become frustrating to the user to continuously keep seeing an ad for something that was searched for previously that may no longer be relevant.
As a CIO at a small company, the retargeting strategy would be an effective strategy to convert customers back to my website. Having the advertisement still being able to pop up on a website that has similar merchandise may influence the customer if they have forgotten the product that my site has, which could still create a conversion. This would also help reduce the cost associated with displaying the ad on another site if the customer no longer needs the items
Part 5
When I shop online I use Amazon for mostly everything except food.and jewelery to name a few items. I like their merchandise plus customer service is really great. Amazon offers numerous benefits for the consumer at various price levels. One such benefit is my Amazon Prime membership a great service. The membership offers music, free shipping, Prime Video, and E-Books just to name a few of the twenty benefits offered. Plus they recently acquired Whole Foods for Prime members and you get a 10% discount on sale items. If you are into music they have a deal just for you unlimited or limited. Next, Amazon Elements offers organic products such as, baby food. Well if you are interested in a one stop shop check it out.
Some of the risk associated with shopping with any company on the Internet and particularly like Amazon cyber security is a problem. The first security threat I think about is identity theft because criminals are surfing just like we do. Identity theft is one the most critical data breaches consumers need to understand and know the consequences. When criminals get your personal information they cause serious problems that take time and money to correct. Another issue is how secure are my stored credit card information. If malicious users attack by heading off my purchase at the payment portal and use my information. How does Amazon protect me from these kinds of attack? Amazon uses a system dubbed Transaction Risk Management that foresees security breaches before they penetrate the transaction process.
As i use this site I implemented a two factor authentication process on all my credit cards and added spending limit alerts to each card. This is my first line of assurance that can bring me some sense of security. Next I do not open suspicious mail at all just like unwanted ads. Phishing scams are another way our personal information is stolen. Also, change your passwords and make them difficult on a regular basis. When you shop online use Antivirus software and install a firewall on your Wifi connection. Prevention is good to do so be alert when making online transaction while surfing the web.
Part 6
There are several ways to identify customers and how they are interacting with your company. The best way is to first understand why the customers are using your business in the first place. For example, at the non-profit I work at, we issue credentials to sonographers. So our customers are using our sites to find out how they can earn a credential, maintain that credential and what they can do with that credential. Understanding why your customers are using your site can help identify the types of new customers you get. Also, understanding the demographic of your customers can help identify how they get in contact. Especially finding out the age range. Younger customers are more likely to reach out via email or the internet while older customers are more likely to call or drop by an office. These steps will help the executive management adjust outreach to their customer and plug any holes that may exist in communication. To incorporate into the organization’s ERP, the executive management can start by trying it out internal to the company. That is a perfect sample size and they can use those suggestions outwards.
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Concordia University Nebraska Education Reforms Questions

Concordia University Nebraska Education Reforms Questions.

I’m working on a other writing question and need support to help me learn.

By analyzing the history of education and educational trends, special education teachers can hypothesize reforms intended to benefit the future of special education.From the following list, select two significant changes or reforms that have affected education within the past 100 years:The use of state mandated content standards in curriculum for special education studentsDifferentiated learningDiversity and socioeconomic statusInclusive classroomsEvidence-based instructional technology integrationStandardized testingResponse to interventionAny other relevant change or reform, with approval from your instructorIn a 500-750 word essay, discuss both positive and negative aspects of these changes or reforms. Propose at least one change or reform that would benefit the future of special education. Explain how your suggested change or reform could be brought about.Support your position with 2-3 scholarly resources from the GCU Library or other credible sources.Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.You are required to submit assignments that are print deliverables to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Course Materials if you need assistance.
Concordia University Nebraska Education Reforms Questions

Mobile Telecom Industry in India

term paper help The mobile telecom industry in India has seen an astonishing growth in the last decade and a half. It is one of the fastest growing telecom sectors in the world with an annual growth of 12% to 13 % [BCG INDIA]. The sector has been given due importance by the government, as it caters to develop a nation socially and economically. In recent years the industry has undergone some serious changes and has been supported by significant policy reforms. The country’s total mobile subscriber base is over 908 million [Telecom regulatory authority of India]. Its phenomenal growth is propelled by drivers such as newer technology like 3G and 4G, better devices and most importantly change in consumer behaviour. The market share is dominated by a few larger firms. A few smaller firms are also there but larger firms have a major chunk of the total market share. According to the research [Boneless Group, 2012] the market share is as follows : Bharti telecom ‘s AIRTEL leads the market share with 24.4% followed by Vodafone India with 19.5% Reliance 14.9%, Idea 15.3%, BSNL 8.2%, Tata 7.0%, Aircel 5.3% – the remaining share being held by smaller operators such as Uninor, Videocon, MTS, Loop and some more. The above mentioned figures depict that over 80% of the market is held by 7 operators. With this information, it can be deciphered that the nature of economic structure of mobile telecom industry in India can be described as an OLIGOPOLY. It is supported by further analysis in this work. Oligopoly can be defined as a market structure with a small number of large players also called as Oligopolists. These large players have a significant share of the total market size. Immense competition is concentrated within these competitors. The other competitors are small and have a minor market share; they are also called niche players of the market. In quantitative terms, oligopoly can be described as a structure which has very less number of highly influential and strong competitors sharing market dominance. ASSUMPTIONS TO OLIGOPOLY and INDIAN TELECOM IN LIGHT OF OLIGOPLY Few Sellers – There are few strong and influential firms operating in an oligopoly and are competing against each other. The other few firms operating in the market are not dominant and have an imperceptible share of the market. The smaller firms in the market do not have the power to retaliate to the interdependency of the larger firms. It suggests that firms in oligopoly are interdependent on each other for decision making. Each firm measures, predicts or assumes its potential competitor’s reaction when it chooses any business strategy. These decisions could be regarding setting up / change in prices, output or product lines. In a nation, where population is more than 1.3 billion, lies a huge market potential. As mentioned in the introduction, the fact that there are just 10-12 active players in the market, 7 of which constitute more than 80% of the markets share, substantiates the few sellers assumption of oligopoly. Interdependence – It is one the most highlighted feature of oligopoly. Interdependence in terms of decision making processes. This happens because, the number of influential competitors is few, and the change in price or output by any of the firm causes direct effect on the income of its competitor. So demand of the product by the market is not the only criterion that sets up the price of the service. It is also the ruthless non-price competition that affects the setting up of prices. The firms in the industry are dependent on each other over matters like pricing, policy making, advertising and other issues. As a result of this interdependency the firms have constituted an association called Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI), which protects the common and collaborative interest of its members. Example – One of the reports of COAI dated 21st October, 2011 raises the issue of levying of huge penalties by department of telecom on the telecom operators for minor technical and compliance issues, which was dealt by COAI. The competitors dealt with this case as one organisation. The establishment of this association actualizes the interdependency of the firms. Entry and exit barriers – The barriers are very high to enter and exit the industry. It is one of the many reasons; firms in oligopoly have greater control within the industry. There can be many barriers to enter this industry, some because of the nature of the industry and some because the incumbent firms act as strong wall. , few barriers are a) High start-up cost b) Patents and copyrights c) Government policies and restrictions d) High advertising costs e) Licensing costs. The strategic actions of incumbent firms try to destroy nascent, discourage and hinder the entry of new firms. Subsequently this aspect of oligopoly gives firms a greater control over the market. Telecom is a highly technology-centric sector. Access to the technology typically requires a lot of investment. Ownership of telecom license also represents huge entry barrier. Example – Telenor’s investment in India failed due to high investment that was required to acquire a telecom license. They had to bid in an auction to get the license but could not match the price quoted the market leaders of the industry. This example supports the assumption of high barriers to entry. Homogeneous or differentiated products – There is no set standard in an oligopoly about homogeneity or differentiation of the product/service. It varies from one industry to another. In telecom, the product is homogeneous. As all the companies are dealing in the same product, that is providing network for wireless telecommunication. But there are other examples like leather industry, companies deal in leather products but there product lines are different, like one company makes jackets, the other makes shoes, others deal in belt and bags, but all are part of the leather industry. The service that is offered in telecom is identical or completely homogeneous. Non price competition – The competition in oligopoly is not restricted to price, but other aspects that a consumer looks at. This is also a standout feature of oligopoly. Non-price competition in telecom would include competition over a) better coverage of network b) celebrity endorsements c) branding d) aggressive advertising techniques e) better customer service f) diversifying into related product line. Non price competition occurs because of the fear of price wars eventually affecting the revenue of a particular firm and also the industry as a whole. In oligopoly non price competition is taken as a grave area of competition rather than price cutting technique to increase revenues. The core behind non price competition is the difficulty faced by competitors to counter techniques like aggressive advertising, personal selling, or improvement in the product or service. The only risk associated with non-price competition is the acceptance of changed product by the existing consumers. But, on the flipside the consumers do get a better product at the same price. It leads to innovative behaviour amongst the competitors. Example – Market leader Airtel has always endorsed superstars of Indian cinema with its brand to attract masses. Superstars like Sharukh Khan and Amitabh Bachchan are associated with the brand for a long time. Whereas Vodafone has never endorsed celebrities to the brand and has rather created animated characters called Zoozoos for its strong advertising campaign which created a ‘buzz’ in the market. Both the companies have indulged in non-price competition of advertising just to lure consumers and target a larger market share. Ability to set price – Unlike perfect competition, the dominant firms in oligopoly have the advantage to set the price of the product. The nature of oligopoly is such, that industry is the price setter rather than price taker. The only condition to it is that all the firms have to be more or less consistent with the price. [ B Perloff, J] PERFECT COMPETITION Perfect competition, as the name itself suggests, is the most competitive form of economic structure. Pure Perfect competition hardly exists. 1. According to an article [oxford journal] perfect competition means a state of affairs in which the demand for the output of an individual seller is perfectly elastic. In other words we can say that at any hike in price of the product demanded will result in loss of a particular firm as the consumer will shift to the other supplier as he gets the same product at a lesser price. ASSUMPTIONS TO PEFECT COMPETITION Many buyers and sellers – Under this market structure, there are large number of buyers and sellers of the product. Each seller is too small to influence the price of the commodity through a change in its price; each firm is a price taker. As the firms are relatively smaller, each produces an insignificant portion of the total market supply thus having no control over the market prices of the product. Homogeneous product – The product sold in the market is an identical (homogeneous) product. Same product is being produced to be sold in the market by each firm. The product can be perceived as a perfect substitute. This feature creates a perfectly elastic demand for the product. No entry or exit barriers- Unlike the assumption of oligopoly, perfect competition does not have any barriers to enter or exit the industry. Market is open to any firm who chooses to be a seller of the product. In this structure there are no super normal profits in the long run, they can be enjoyed by firms only in the short run. Easy access by the new competitors in the industry affects the super profit equilibrium in the long run. Perfect information – It is assumed that every buyer and every seller in the market knows everything about the product. If any firm charges higher price than the market price of the product, the consumers will move away towards the product of other firms. The sellers have all the information and have equal access to the resources such as technology used by the other firm. EXCLUSIVE ASSUMPTIONS TO OLIGOPOLY Collusion – Collusion is a secret agreement between entities for a profitable purpose. Describing in economic terms it is, when firms operating in an industry cooperate on some issues for mutual monetary or non-monetary benefits. It is often seen in the market form of oligopoly. The decision of a few firms to collude significantly impacts the market. Although collusion is illegal in many economies, it is still practiced. The one practiced is called implicit collusion i.e. when firms make same pricing decisions but do not consult each other. Sometimes the market leader takes a price change decision and other firms tend to follow. In Indian telecom sector, collusion was seen between companies to fix the spectrum price to be auctioned by the government. Billions of dollars were lost due to this practice and several senior executives of the firms were arrested for the charge. Game theory – ‘Economists are interested in bargaining not merely because many transactions are negotiated (as opposed to being entirely determined by market forces) but also because, conceptually, bargaining is precisely the opposite of the idealized “perfect competition” among infinitely many traders, in terms of which economists often think about markets. Bargaining situations concern as few as two individuals, who may try to reach agreement on any of a range of transactions which leave them both at least as well off as they could be if they reached no agreement.’ [Roth, Alvin E., editor [1985] Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining, Cambridge.] In simple terms, game theory can be described as the theory in which firms competing against each other choose action or strategies that affect each participant. In the case of Indian telecom, the dominant players like Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance or Idea may settle for a reasonable share of the market, in lieu of their existing market share. It analyses the interdependent behaviour of the firms in an oligopoly. It indicates the how the choices between operating firms affect the outcome of a game. Game theory is concerned with the choice of best or optimal strategy in conflict situations. Strategic behaviour refers to the plan of action or behaviour of an oligoplist after taking into consideration all possible reactions of its competitors, as they compete for profit or other advantages. Kinked demand curve – This is the most distinct feature of the oligopoly. The kinked demand curve advocates two things about a firm’s demand curve. Each firm’s demand curve is kinked at the prevailing price. If any firm raises the price over and above the existing price, the competitors will not follow this change and the firm will lose the market share. This would cause the consumers to shift to the suppliers providing the same service for a lesser price. If any firm lowers its price below the prevailing market price, the competitors will also try and match the price to retain the market share. Hence the firm’s total revenue will decrease and output will just increase marginally. Another feature kinked demand curve holds with itself is the ‘price stickiness’. The price that is charged by the firms in oligopoly covers the cost of its production and also gives them excess profit at times. The change in price comes with the collaborative decision of the oligopolists. But the firms fear the loss of their market share when price is hiked and not gaining much when price is reduced, this makes them stick to the prevailing price and hence the price becomes ‘sticky’. REVIEW OF THE DEMAND AND SUPPLY This part provides a picture of the prevailing demand and supply situation in the Indian mobile telecom sector. MAJOR FACTORS AFFECTING TELECOM COSTS THAT EFFECT THE INDUSTRY High infrastructural costs – To enter service areas, service provider incur huge set up and infrastructural costs. These infrastructural costs to develop the service involve risks such as logistical risks, longer time duration to launch the service, setting up of new towers and dearth of highly skilled personnel to develop such infrastructures. Allotment of spectrum by the Government – One of the major concerns of the industry is the availability of the spectrum that is used for the supply of the service. It is provided by the government and has been a controversial issue in recent times for this sector in India. Being a limited resource, it gives a possibility of unhealthy bidding by the service providers resulting in unviable financial approach to the price thus hampering the growth of highly competitive sector. Regulation charges – Immense competition in the industry and high regulatory charges imposed by the government result in low tariffs by the providers. This indeed, makes it very difficult for the operating firms to impede smooth implementation of the projects. The chart below gives the information about the regulatory charges firms have to pay to the government. Regulatory charges Service tax License fees Spectrum charges Percentage of revenue 12.36 6 – 10 2 – 6 FUTURE OF INDIAN TELECOM – CONCLUSION Indian mobile telecom industry dominated by few very large players has reached the saturation in the urban market. There is huge potential for growth in the rural market that gives a reason to companies to compete for a better market share overall. The government is supporting the firms to reach the unconnected areas. This reach to the rural will not only benefit the firms but also the government and society as a whole as it gives better connectivity and will reap socio-economic benefits. Opportunities Newer technology – New technology is a great growth driver for any industry. Adoption of 3G and 4G technology will be instrumental in growth of the telecom sector; it facilitates growth through high speed data services. Newer technology will also help in broadband penetration throughout the country. The launch of 3G already has and further 4G will develop the industry in terms of VAS (Value Added Services), video calling, gaming, high speed internet and data services. Development of WiMAX technology – WiMAX has come up as one of the face changing revolutions in telecommunication. It provides super speed data services through high bandwidth. The first movers to adopt this technology will definitely be the pioneers of the industry in coming times. Value added services (VAS) – MVAS has been a phenomenal revenue generator for the service providers. The emergence of mobile commerce in recent years has given MVAS a great importance; it has acted as great growth driver for the telecom sector. It includes services like m-banking, m-retailing m-health and many more. Development of MVAS will in turn create a demand for advanced handsets that are capable of accessing MVAS services. SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE ACTION – RECOMMENDATIONS The Indian mobile subscriber base has seen an exponential growth in the past. The following factors are expected to propel the further growth of this sector Improved telecom infrastructure Declining tariffs Skilled and improved personnel Rising disposable income of consumers Growing demand for mobile handsets with improved features Favourable demographics The structure of Indian telecom being an oligopoly, the firms are likely to face a competitive environment in the future. The main causes for this environment being highly competitive firms, continuous pressure on margins and stringent regulatory policies. Companies with first mover advantage in technology, better penetration of the rural market, better operational efficiency and good quality of services will most likely be ahead of their competitors.

Week 3 Microsoft Visio Design System Admin Components Relationship Project

Week 3 Microsoft Visio Design System Admin Components Relationship Project.

Refer to the Week 3 Learning Activities:VirtualizationLinkedIn Learning: Introduction to Cloud Computing for IT ProsPluralsight®: Basic Management Principles in a Cloud EnvironmentYour meeting with the Board of Directors is approaching. The CTO asked you to draft a diagram of the proposed solution that closes the gaps that were identified in Week 1. The diagram needs to provide a comprehensive illustration of the new solution integrated into the current environment. Create a 2- to 3-page Microsoft® Visio® diagram of your proposed solution and include the following:Control or virtualization layerResource managementCloud service catalogLabels for each component in the diagramDescription of how each component is relatedReferences formatted according to APA guidelines
Week 3 Microsoft Visio Design System Admin Components Relationship Project

taxation proj

taxation proj.

I’m working on a accounting discussion question and need guidance to help me study.

What are the total Interest and dividend incomes from the following?1. Devon Bishop, age 45, is single. He lives at 1507 Rose Lane, Albuquerque, NM 87131. His Social Security number is 111-11-1117. Devon did not engage in any virtual currency transactions during the year, and he does not want $3 to go to the Presidential Election Campaign Fund. Devon’s wife, Ariane, passed away in 2015. Devon’s son, Tom, who is age 18, resides with Devon. Tom’s Social Security number is 123-45-6788.Devon owns a sole proprietorship for which he uses the accrual method of accounting and maintains no inventory; the business operates as Devon’s Copy Shop, 422 E. Main Street, Albuquerque, NM 87131, IRS business activity code: 453990. His revenues and expenses for 2019 are as follows*New office equipment ($21,000); Devon chose to use the immediate expense election. – ** $18,000 for employees and $8,000 for Devon.Other income received by Devon includes the following:Dividend income (qualified dividends): Swan, Inc.$10,000 Wren, Inc.2,000Interest income: First National Bank11,000 Second City Bank2,500 County of Santa Fe, NM bonds17,000Interest and dividend income get reported on Schedule B; totals get carried forward to Form 1040.
taxation proj