“The Passionate Shepherd to His love” by, Christopher Marlowe and “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” by, Sir Walter Raleigh are both pastoral poems that tend to basic human desires in a simplified country life of beauty, music, and love. “The Passionate Shepherd to His love” idealizes the shepherd’s country life to try and win the love of his lady. On the contrary, “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” is a parody to “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.” Sir Walter Raleigh pretends to write in the style of the original poem but exaggerates that style and changes the content for comic effect. In The Nymph’s Reply, the nymph’s idea of the shepherd’s ever-lasting gifts is comical. In other words, the nymph shuts him down and even if the shepherds gifts where ever-lasting then it would still just be a maybe. While both “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” and “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” use the same writing style, “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” uses different poetic elements such as tone, imagery and diction to spoof “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.”
Imagery is used in literature in order to describe or enhance sensory experiences to the text. The imagery in both “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” and “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” is of the country life. Both poems provide the reader with imagery of fields of flock, flowers, rivers, and material things made from nature. However, the imagery of these two poems may be of the same thing, but their views on what it may look like are entirely different. “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” by Christopher Marlowe provides imagery of the beautiful pleasures the shepherd has to offer; he says “And I will make thee bed of roses and a thousand fragrant poses, a cap of flowers, and a kirtle embroidered all with leaves of myrtle” (Marlowe 914). In other words, the imagery of the materialistic items illustrates what the shepherd is willing to offer if this lady will be his love. On the contrary, “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” Sir Walter Raleigh says, “Thy gown, thy shoes, thy beds of roses, thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy poses soon break, soon wither, soon forgotten; in folly ripe, in reason rotten”(Raleigh 914). In other words, the imagery is still of the gifts offered by the shepherd but the nymph uses imagery such as “wither,” and “rotten” to show the pleasures of having these gifts will not last forever. All in all, both poems use similar imagery to describe a pastoral lifestyle but their diction is what sets these two poems apart.
Diction can be defined as a style of writing determined by the choice of words the author uses. In both “The Passionate Shepherd to His love” and “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” the authors use such words as: flocks, gowns, roses, love, and other words to make a distinct connection between the two poems. However, the diction used in “The Passionate Shepherd to His love” is different because Marlowe uses words such as, “we” and “delight” to make his poem sound more cheerful in hope winning the love of his lady (Marlowe 914). In contrast, “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” uses words such as: If, break, fade, fall, forgotten and might to show the nymph’s uncertainty in the shepherd’s words (Raleigh 914-915). Therefore, not only is diction a good way to analyze the similarities and difference between two poems, but then again a reader can also analyze through tone.
Through tone, the reader is able to learn about a character’s personality and disposition. The tone the shepherd uses in “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” is hopeful and optimistic because he offers all the pleasures of his rural lifestyle in hope of love returned by the lady. Marlowe says, “Come live with me and be my love, and we will all the pleasures prove that valleys, groves, hills, and fields, woods or steepy mountain yields” (Marlowe 913). In other words, the shepherds tone is optimistic because he hopes the pleasures of experiencing the beauty in nature will win thy lady’s love. While the shepherds tone is hopeful, the tone in “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” is pessimistic and cold; perhaps the nymph is even realistic. Raleigh provides the reader with the nymphs cold tone is the opening stanza, “If all the world and love were young, and truth in every shepherd’s tongue, these pretty pleasures might me move to live with thee and be thy love” (Raleigh 914). For instance, the nymph’s tone is doubtful because she uses words such as: “if” and “might.” In addition, to the nymphs tone being doubtful she is also comical knowing what the shepherd says is just a lie to get her to be thy love. All in all, tone helps the reader better analyze the similarities and differences between “The Passionate Shepherd to His love” and “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd.”
To conclude, a reader can better analyze “The Passionate Shepherd to His love” and “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” by comparing and contrasting poetic elements such as tone, diction, and imagery.
SLOWING DOWN GLOBAL WARMING 1 Running Head: SLOWING DOWN GLOBAL WARMING 1
SLOWING DOWN GLOBAL WARMING 1
Running Head: SLOWING DOWN GLOBAL WARMING 1
Slowing Down Global Warming
Slowing Down Global Warming
Among the major causes of increased global warming is the increase in the release of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere especially carbon dioxide and methane gases. These gases retain heat in the atmosphere making it habitable for human beings and other species. However, when the gases increase in the atmosphere, they get out of balance and thus retain excess heat which increases temperatures and has dire consequences to individuals and other organisms. According to Nunez (2019), greenhouse gases cause climatic changes and also contribute to individuals suffering from respiratory diseases caused by air pollution and smog. In our day-to-day lives, we experience disruptions in the food supply, increased wildfires, and extreme weather among others which are effects of climatic changes caused by the increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Additionally, we also experience changes to the typical weather patterns with some species disappearing and others migrating. With the increasing rate of emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, these effects are expected to be worse in the future.
According to the USEPA, it is necessary to take some actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to lower their effects. Environmental agencies, individuals, and business organizations have several roles to play to ensure a reduction in the emissions of these gases. The first step for individuals is to learn about the issues associated with the emissions to be able to protect the planet for generations to come. Individuals can engage in more efficient energy use such as avoiding the use of fossil fuels and rely on environmentally safe energy. Additional one should rely on renewable sources of energy such as solar to save money as they protect their environment. Proper water usage is also a good way of protecting the environment especially through recycling and reusing. The enlightened individuals should also take the responsibility of talking to others about the effects of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and the necessary steps to reduce their emissions.
Christina Nunez. (2019). Carbon dioxide levels are at a record high. Here’s what you need to know. National Geographics. Accessed 25th February 2021 fromhttps://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/greenhouse-gases
EPA. (2017). Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Accessed 25th February 2021 from https://archive.epa.gov/epa/climatechange/reducing-greenhouse-gas-emissions.html