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“Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine, 1917-1948” by Shepherd Naomi Report

Table of Contents Introduction Separation from Ottoman Empire Transitional stage Palestine Development stage Palestine under British occupation Palestinian nationality The Palestinian Mandate Reference Introduction Shepherd Naomi in her book “Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine, 1917-1948” extensively explored from the start of the British occupation in 1917 up to the enactment of the Palestinian Citizenship Order in Council in 1925, (the people of Palestine was in transition (Shepherd, 2000). As the Palestinian Mandate (adopted in 1922) and the Treaty of Lausanne (imposed in 1924) acknowledged a separate nationality for Palestine’s residents on the international level, Palestinians people was without complete inland regulation then. These eight years brought about the first transitional phase in the history of Palestinian nationality (Shepherd, 2000). Separation from Ottoman Empire Succeeding its separation from the Ottoman Empire, Palestine saw itself bordered by newly emerged nations. On its separation from Ottoman Empire, the region of Palestine and its populace became distinct from its bordering countries. This division had actually started between Palestine and the newly-created Arab ‘states’: Trans-Jordan, Egypt, Syria and Lebanon (Shepherd, 2000). Almost immediately after that, Palestine’s borders attained lasting acknowledgment through mutual accords held with the legislature of neighboring states (Shepherd, 2000). Besides, as a result of the international lawful underlying structure set up by the Treaty of Lausanne, all the four newly-created Arab ‘states’ and their diverse populations created a separate nationality of their own by inland legislation (Shepherd, 2000). The nationalities of each of these countries have since then turn out to be well-established. Transitional stage According to Shepherd Naomi, “nationalities in the bordering countries of Palestine were obviously distinct from Palestinian nationality soon after the fall of The Ottoman Empire. Palestinian people were addressed as aliens in these countries, while citizens of these bordering countries were also regarded as aliens in Palestine. Palestine Development stage From the viewpoint of international law, Palestinian people experienced three developmental phases during this transitional era. The first started with the British military control in 1917 and up to the favorable reception of the Mandate of Palestine in 1922. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second phase extended from the last date until the endorsement of the Treaty of Lausanne on 6th August 1924. The final, and the briefest, phase was from the endorsement of the abovementioned agreement till the imposing of the Nationality Order in 1925. Palestine under British occupation In this period, Palestine was initially put under military dictatorship and after that under a civil government. From 1917 up to the acceptance of the Palestine term of office in 1922 by the administrative bodies, the international status which was distinct by law of the country was undecided. Therefore, the nationality of Palestine’s natives, close to those in other ex-Ottoman territories in unison, was to a certain extent anomalous. The British occupation did not change the international status of Palestine as invaded Turkish territory. In the meantime, the European power assembled abroad (Italy), to talk about a resolution with Turkey and to decide on the outlook of Iraq together with Palestine and Syria. On 25th April 1920, the Allied determined that Turkey would not be handed over the Ottoman territories that speak Arabic (Shepherd, 2000). In its place, the authority over Syria (together with Lebanon) was given to France and the administration of Palestine and Iraq (as well as Trans-Jordan) was given to Britain. Soon after the conference held in Europe, an independent control over Palestine was announced by Britain in 1920. It also formed a civil government to reinstate the military administration which had dominated the country since December 1917 (Shepherd, 2000). As the independently announced mandate had no result, Palestine remained at Ottoman territory. British as well received this international legal emplacement (Shepherd, 2000). The current consequence of that Law was part of the universal use of the Ottoman laws in Palestine. Despite the military laws executed by military courts, civil courts control “all civil matters as said by the Ottoman law” (Shepherd, 2000). We will write a custom Report on “Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine, 1917-1948” by Shepherd Naomi specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The Palestinian Citizenship Order of 1925, in its primary article, regarded the people of Palestine as Ottoman citizens and gave them Palestinian citizenship (Shepherd, 2000). Therefore, the people of Palestine were then, in virtue of public and international decree, Ottoman citizens. In reality, Ottoman nationality had become ineffectual. The legitimacy of Ottoman nationality in Palestine might be equated to the current outcome of that nationality in Palestine’s bordering countries. Also, the legality of Ottoman people in Palestine then can be explained by the universal international law rule that subjugation does not give any designation to the governing rule above the invaded territory. This is also similar to the global charitable law; article 43 of both The Hague set of laws with regard to the rules and practices of land conflicts and The Hague policy about the decrees and traditions of territory rivalry, require the inhabitant to obey “the laws in effect in the country”. Palestinian nationality While the residents of Palestine were regarded as Ottoman citizens in accordance with enforced law, in actual fact, there being considered Palestinians took time. According to Shepherd “as an Occupying Power, Britain became in charge of the international relations of Palestine and for defending its people in a foreign country” (Shepherd, 2000). Britain, with respect to its intrinsic nature, found itself compelled to take positive actions to control the residents’ nationality (Shepherd, 2000). Lastly, the Palestine ruling party, which was the administrative body formed by Britain to govern the country, took the subsequent actions: it issued temporary citizen permits to Ottoman people in Palestine; issued Palestinian passes and travel papers; broadened political security to those people living and going overseas; and made a clear difference between inhabitants and aliens about the admission into Palestine, residence and political privileges. The terms ‘Palestinian’ or ‘Palestinian citizen’ were repeatedly used. The Palestinian Mandate During the establishment of the Mandates system and the ratification of the Treaty of Lausanne, as a very much comparable state of affairs in the pre-mandate era in Palestine, the people of these [mandated] territories were supposedly still Ottoman subjects. This was clearly an abnormal state of affairs that could not be easily differentiated in law. Not sure if you can write a paper on “Ploughing Sand: British Rule in Palestine, 1917-1948” by Shepherd Naomi by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This stage started on 24 July 1922 with the implementation of the Palestine Mandate by the Council of the League of Nations (Shepherd, 2000). It changed when Britain formally approved the Treaty of Lausanne on 6 August 1924. Two main points are remarkable here. Firstly, although the Mandate of Palestine had been announced by Britain in 1920, it only lawfully took effect on 29 September 1923, alongside the Mandate for Syria. Secondly, in spite of that the Palestine Mandate, as well as its nationality article, was pertinent until 1948. Ultimately, the developments of Palestinian nationality during this transitional stage lasted for a bit over two years. Reference Shepherd, N. 2000. (Ploughing Sand) British Rule in Palestine 1917-1948. Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.
Introduction Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) appeared on the market rather recently, but their use has grown substantially over the years. These devices act similar to traditional cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, mimicking the process of smoking and, in some cases, providing a user with a dose of nicotine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2019). The debate about the benefits and drawbacks of using e-cigarettes over traditional ways of smoking is ongoing. The problem discussed in this paper concerns the popularity of e-cigarettes among the youth – many teenagers and young adults currently use these devices (Johnston, O’Malley, Miech, Bachman,

College of San Mateo Digital Precarity Manifesto Article Questions

College of San Mateo Digital Precarity Manifesto Article Questions.

Part1: Reading Reflection: 1. Who is the author? What are their qualifications? Academic affiliations? Other work?2. What is the research question that the author is trying to answer?3. Restate the author’s argument concisely.4. How is the author building their argument? What is the method of their research? For example, are they conducting interviews, analyzing films, etc.5. What sources are cited? In other words, what is the author’s evidence? Or where are they getting their data from?6. Who is the author in conversation with? Who is the audience?7. When was the text written? How does this affect the argument?Part2: Reading Annotation: What counts as meaningful engagement with the text? Highlight the corresponding words in the text.Take a screenshot or copy the text and mark the page.1.Identify passages that are confusing, ask/ answer clarifying questions2.Try to reword difficult passages to make them more understandable3. Reword or summarize key concepts or passages4. Link key terms and ideas to outside materials or other course readings5. Ask/ answer a discussion question (see below)(If you want to answer a discussion question, I dropped two pictures)Elements of a thought-provoking question (this is different from a clarifying question):It cannot be answered with a yes or no, or a quick Google searchIt doesn’t ask for personal opinions, but prompts thoughtful analysis or reflectionCan refer to specific passages to preface the question and provide context
College of San Mateo Digital Precarity Manifesto Article Questions

problem answer

assignment helper problem answer.

1-Assume that TDW Corporation (calendar-year-end) has 2019 taxable income of $650,000 for purposes of computing the §179 expense. The company acquired the following assets during 2019: (Use MACRS Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Table 4 and Table 5.)
Placed in

Asset
Service

Basis

Machinery
September 12
$
2,270,000

Computer equipment
February 10

263,000

Furniture
April 2

880,000

Total

$
3,413,000. What is the maximum total depreciation, including §179 expense, that TDW may deduct in 2019 on the assets it placed in service in 2019, assuming no bonus depreciation? (Round your intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar amount.)2-AMP Corporation (calendar-year-end) has 2019 taxable income of $1,900,000 for purposes of computing the §179 expense. During 2019, AMP acquired the following assets: (Use MACRS Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Table 4 and Table 5.)

Placed in

Asset
Service

Basis

Machinery
September 12
$
1,550,000

Computer equipment
February 10

365,000

Office building
April 2

480,000

Total

$
2,395,000b. What is the maximum total depreciation, including §179 expense, that AMP may deduct in 2019 on the assets it placed in service in 2019, assuming no bonus depreciation? (Round your intermediate calculations to the nearest whole dollar amount.)3-Use TaxAct 2018 to prepare the Form 1120 corporation tax return for Karane Enterprises, Inc. Enter Karane Enterprises (your first and last name) for the name of the corporation (for example Karane Enterprises Alfonso Oddo), and enter your first and last name in the DBA or trade name box. Your tax return should include Form 1120, Form 4562 Depreciation, and all related forms and schedules. Save to PDF and attach your PDF here. Your PDF tax return will be located in the following folder on your computer: C:TaxActTaxAct 2018 Professional EditionClient DataEvalPracticePDFWhere to enter the information in TaxAct is shown in red.Karane Enterprises, Inc., a calendar-year corporation based in Niagara Falls, NY, began business in 2018. In the process of setting up the business, Karane has acquired various types of assets. Below is a list of assets acquired during 2018:

Asset
Cost
Date Placed in Service

Office furniture
$
150,000
02/03/2018

Machinery

1,560,000
07/22/2018

Light delivery truck

40,000
08/17/2018

Enter depreciation on Form 1120 line 20a, click on folder, to Form 4562, then click on folder at top to get depreciation worksheet; enter the information on three separate worksheets, one worksheet for each asset. The 2018 limit for Section 179 expense was $1,000,000, and they elect to deduct this on the machinery.Karane had gross receipts of $2,000,000 in 2018 (enter on Form 1120 line 1a), and made four quarterly estimated tax payments of $47,000 each (a total of $188,000 for the year) (enter on Form 1120 page 3, Schedule J line 14, click on folder, and enter four quarterly estimated tax payments of $47,000 each).Check figures to see if your tax return is correct:
Form 1120 line 20a Depreciation $1,109,459
Form 1120 line 37 refund $986
problem answer

Discussion

Discussion. I’m studying and need help with a Nursing question to help me learn.

Apply the framework of The Five R’s approach to ethical nursing practice from this week’s reading to answer the questions about values and choices.
What are values?
Q. What are your personal values?
Q. Why do you value them?
Q. What are the values in your society?
Q. How do you make choices?
Q. Are your choices based on your values?
Q. What values are useful in society?
What are the limits to personal choice?
Q. Who limits your choices?
Q. Are limits to choices good?
Q. Do you limit other people’s choices?
Q. Should the health care organization or the government limit people’s choices? If so, how, and under what circumstances?
In your responses to peers, feel free to agree, disagree, question, compare, and discuss each other’s responses in a way that fosters thoughtful and respectful dialog. You may also address the following: Did any responses surprise you? If so, how? Did reading your peers’ responses to the questions expand your own view of ways to answer questions?
Finally, consider this: A common idea in health care is that if you are drawn to health care as a profession, you are inherently guided by an inner compass that is composed of a strong moral framework. Why is this a dangerous assumption?
Discussion

Anamnese Surrealism Short Film Discussion

Anamnese Surrealism Short Film Discussion.

Surrealism is about the dream state or what challenges what we logically know or are familiar with. Television and film have often used Surrealism to visually make points when words will fall short. Find Your Surrealist Film Clip:Taking some inspiration from Salvador Dali, or directors like David Lynch, find a short movie or television show clip that you find is Surreal. Do some research, there are plenty of clips of this nature on YouTube. Be sure tell us the name of the film or television show where the clip is from, and the name of the film’s director, or episode if it’s from television.Make sure the clip is not too long, maybe 2 and a half minutes max.Discussion Questions:Tell us why you chose this film clip.What is it about the clip that made an impression on you?What do you feel makes it visually effective? Discuss some principles of design that are responsible for the visual impact created in the film clip.Avoid going to Google for answers to the questions. Adding a little info from a source is OK, but I really want to hear your very own thoughts.Part 1: Write a short essay that answers the above questions in detail. Additions to your thread resulting from any added research is fine. But remember to stay on topic and answer the questions.Part 2: Respond to a minimum of 2 other student Posts.
Anamnese Surrealism Short Film Discussion

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