View the sustainability videos below and research what your internship
site is presently doing to be sustainable. Answers must be about 2
paragraphs each and be written in complete sentences.List and describe in detail 2 Sustainability efforts that your internship site is presently using.Identify a potential sustainable effort that your internship site could utilize and explain how it should be done.See the rubric below for help writing this paper. The minimum word count is 300 words for this paper.Include an example of a sustainable effort that is being presently utilized at your internship site Describe in detail how it is being managed and administered.Include a second example of a sustainable effort that is being presently utilized at your internship siteDescribe in detail how it is being managed and administered.Identify and elaborate on a sustainable practice that your internship site could be doing.Describe in detail how it could be managed and administered at your internship site.#action=share
Kapiolani Community College Detail 2 Sustainability Efforts Discussion
GLASSTIRE ONLINE ART TOUR: Glasstire is an online art magazine that focuses on Texas artists and art venues. As many art spaces began to close in the spring, it began series called Five-Minute Tours in which they tour Texas galleries and museums with the artists and curators. Click here to access the tours: Glasstire.com Watch four of the tours and write a response to each one in a single document. Each response should be about 250 words, totaling about 1000 words for the whole paper. The responses should be a thoughtful critical analysis and should demonstrate that you viewed the exhibition and made an effort to understand the work. It should NOT be a formal analysis. Your paper can have some physical description, but it should not be the bulk of the paper. While you do not need to do any extra research for this, any research you choose to do must be cited.Need this typed ASAP!!
ART 1301 HCC Third Coast Biennial at K Space Contemporary Corpus Christi Essay
MDMA/Ecstasy Association with Cognitive Impairment
Literature Review MDMA/Ecstasy is a recreational substance that is similar to amphetamines and cause hallucinogenic effects along with feelings of euphoria, emotional warmth and increased energy. Abuse of MDMA could lead to severe genitive disabilities. Many researches have studied the different bases of this drug’s effects and have found correlational relationships with the drug and cognitive functions. Discussed below are researches done specifically on the drug MDMA. Gallagher et al, 2014, have found out that Ecstasy and poly drug use have cause in substantial impairments and deficits on prospective memory tasks including event-based and time-based tasks compared to non-drug users. However, the user group was significantly older than the nonuser group and also consumed cigarettes, marijuana and alcohol each day compared to nondrug user group. Later in the study a cannabis only group was introduced and was established that the cannabis only group did much better than the MDMA user group thus concluding the memory deficits were not related to the use of cannabis, however the cannabis only group were impaired in short term memory tasks. It is important to mention that the drug users consumed at least 80% cocaine thus leaving the possibility that the effects on the prospective memory were impaired due to this drug (Gallagher et al, 2014). On the other hand the study conducted by Montgomery et al, 2005, on Syllogistic reasoning found that MDMA users performed worst that the nonusers and considered themselves to be “evening people” whereas the nonusers considered themselves to be “morning people”; wakefulness was tested as a control to see if MDMA causes sleep disturbances among the users as it was believed that cognitive deficits would be due to less sleep, however it was found that sleep quality was not accountable in the impairment of rational thinking. In order to see the effects of MDMA alone cannabis use was controlled as it was believed to have adversative effects on executive cognitive functioning such as organization and integration. However in the study done by Gallagher et al in 2014 it was found not to have much impact on the long term prospective memory however comparing the two studies we can conclude that even though cannabis might not have a major effect on prospective memory it does have adverse effects on higher executive cognitive tasks. Both studied used self-report questionnaires to collect data (Gallagher et al, 2014). In response to the participants in the two studies, the first part of the study conducted by Gallagher et al. used 27 females and 38 males in the MDMA users group and 54 females out of the 85 participants in the nonusers group thus having a large gender bias in the control group. However in the second half of the study this was changed for the experimental group in to an equal amount of 51 male and female participants, 38 cannabis only group and 65 non drug users out of which 48 were females having a gender bias again (Gallagher et al, 2014). However, in the study carried out by Montgomery et al. an equal amount of male and female MDMA users were used for the experimental group and 26 for the control group having only a slight gender bias of 10 males to 16 females. Nevertheless, all participants were from the ages of 18-25 also known to be the peak of drug abuse were used, unlike the study by Gallagher et al. which used an experimental group much older than the control group. Moreover, Montgomery et al. study used all psychology and psychology-biology undergraduates from Liverpool John Moors University, which might have created demand characteristics as they would have been able to figure out what the study was about referring to the questionnaires. On the other hand Gallagher et al. also used university students from the United Kingdom which goes hand in hand with the study done by Montgomery et al. however since they did not use psychology related undergraduates demand characteristics would not have been an issue. However, study done by Gallagher et al. used few participants who have previously undergone a study done by the same group of people. Thus, it could have affected the results slightly as the participants could have been used to the questionnaires. Both studies used opportunity samples as it is not ethical to take a normal sample and inject with drugs (Montgomery et al, 2005). Both studies obtained informed consent from the participants and were debriefed after he study, the participants were also rewarded with store vouchers along with leaflets of drug education. In my opinion both studies were concerned about the participants, it is a good measure to always educate the participant on their unhealthy behavior. Considering all participants from both studies were university students it is important to consider the fact of peer pressure. Thus the participants would have got involved in drug use not knowing the consequences and purely under peer pressure. Thus, rewarding them with the gift of information to make an informed choice is an excellent deed. Comparing these two studies with the third study I chose which was carried out by Braida et al. in 2002 it is much more different from the first two. The study which measures the impairment of short term working memory was carried out on 3 month old Male albino Wistar rats. It was found that when given small doses as 1-2mg there was no impact on the rats memories, however when the dose was increased to 3 mg the participant rats began to make errors. However when the rats were at an amnesic state their special memory was significantly affected and the performance was worsened when the 2 hr. delay was introduced showing specific memory impairment. This study assessed the acute effects on working memory whereas the study done by Gallagher assessed the chronic effects of MDMA on prospective memory. The rats in this study were tested on their memory at 20 minutes after the researchers induced with MDMA however, the first study by Gallagher tested on participants who have been consuming MDMA for a long period of time and were on abstinence for a week. The memory task of the rats which was rested on a radial arm maze was measured through a Likert scale which was also used in the study of Creese and Iversen in 1973. Both Gallagher and Braids’s studies measured the number of errors made by participants on the memory tasks. All three studies mentioned above were tested in laboratory settings. However since the study by Braida was done on rats it is questionable as to how far it is generalizable to the human population as the body chemistry of humans and the brain is quite different from those of rats. However, just as the two earlier studied the study with rats also used a control group which was injected with a saline solution. All three studies have mentioned the biological bases that would have affected the results such as the drug metabolism of participants, cortisol levels, activity in the different parts of the brain and neurological differences (Braida et al, 2002). If these studies were conducted in Sri- Lanka, the results would have been quiet different for several reasons. Firstly, government university student are very less likely to abuse drugs due to the traditional parenting styles and also due to the fact that drugs such as MDMA is quiet expensive. However, private university student are much likely to be abusing cannabis and only a very few students would be using MDMA. If the study was replicated here, it would have been hard to find a sample population who does only MDMA as many students who use MDMA also use drugs such as cocaine and also due to the fact that many students are not very open about it. However, it would have been easier to find a control group who does not use any drugs, alcohol or smoke cigarettes or use cannabis once again due to the cultural background these students are brought up in. In relation to therapy methods that can be used to help these individuals who are involved in drugs, I would suggest, that they go for a total detoxification at first, and then be directed to a psychologist for further therapy. Even though the therapy used would depend solely on the condition of the patient, in my opinion the psychologist could use methods such as behavioral therapies including but not limited to aversion therapy, contingency management and covert sensitization, cognitive behavioral therapy along with an individual plan using behavioral self-control training, relapse prevention training, family therapy, group therapy or the individuals could be directed towards outpatient or residential treatment including residential treatment centers, therapeutic communities and self-help groups. References Gallagher, D. T., Fisk, J. E.,
Damage to the Environment Due To Living Standards
best essay writers Damage to environment is an inevitable consequence of worldwide improvement in the standard of living “The environment is where we all meet; where all have a mutual interest; it is the one thing that we all share.” —Lady Bird Johnson. The highly development of science and technology thing effects the living standard a lot. Nowadays people suffer from so many problems for instance air pollution, the explosive expansion of population and the deterioration of environment. The environment is formed of the land, air and water in which people, animals and plants live. A lot of changes take place in environment daily. Such environmental changes are affecting a person’s life. Pollution is the most important factor that makes environment dirty by adding harmful substance to it. Pollution make imbalance in the environment and also in human beings life. It is the common problem or we can say it is the crisis situation which is suffering by all the world. The main types of pollutions are water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution and land pollution which continuously pollutes our surrounding. So here I would like to put the light on this matter that how media, public and government put their efforts for solving the environmental issues. some people says that the damage to the environment is an inevitable consequence of economics development . To begin with, let us know what are the causes of environment. The causes are firstly over population, the growing population has resulted in over use of the natural resources like tree, land, water, air, petroleum etc. Secondly, the cutting down of more and more trees causing forest area decreasing and species are extinct. During the process of mining people cut forests on a large scale and degrade the land as well as forests. The farmers also adopting “shift farming” techniques due to which they cuts down the forest land. In shift farming technique, farmers cut a small piece of forest land for cultivation. They grow crops in that land for a short time(i.e. for 3 to 4 months) and then cut their crops. Then they move to another place in the forest and cut trees for another crops. this shifting up of farming is known as shift farming. Due to this reasons the whole food ecosystem of forest disturbs and leads to the extinction of species. Cutting down of trees also lead to climatic changes and emission of green house gases. Another cause which adversely affected the environment is industrial development and green revolution .Many large scale industries emit harmful gases which causes many diseases such as lung cancer, skin cancer and asthma problems To add on further, there are also other causes of pollution ie depletion of ozone layer. Due to increase in the quality of CHLORO FLOURO carbons, the ozone layer depleting. Ozone layer protect us from the ultra violet rays which are coming from the sun. This layer absorbs the UV rays and protect us. As the smoke coming out from vehicles and industries, refrigeration and air conditions and use of harmful products slowly being destroy ozone layer. The depilation of the ozone layer could result in skin diseases and also have a great effect on our eyes .However, the increase in pollution has resulted in global warming. The sudden rise in the average temperature of air and sea on earth’s surface is known as global warming. There are so many causes of global warming. When oil, gas, fossil fuels and coal burns, the carbon in it combines with air and which increase the temperature of air and sea on the earth surface. In developed countries, coal is used in a huge level to produce electricity .So when coal burns it produces lot of harmful gases which was absorbed in the oxygen and air .In Australia and England the greenhouse gasses mostly comes from the burning of fossil fuels and coal as both are the main source to produce electricity. It is recorded that Australia uses 77% of coal to produce electricity. Because of this reason the ice-caps in the Polar regions would melt and it would result in the rise of the water level of seas and oceans. A time will come when the whole earth submerge in water. At last, due to overgrazing, soil erosion, acid rain, landslides, volcanic eruption pollutes the environment. we know Their is no doubt that there are number of causes which are the huge problem for the environment. But now there is need of sustainable development Today in this era, with the efforts of our young generation, scientific techniques, public, media and the rules of the government playing a significant role to not eradicate but handle the problems of our environment. Out of these, media plays a vital role in the field of environmental issues .2In developed countries and urban areas, the use of print, broadcast and internet media can be a great way to increase education and awareness by working with the media, government agencies and non profit organizations can help spread their message, either by holding press briefings, issuing printed press releases, or even setting up online databases that can be used as information centres. Information centres can also help to both the public and journalists about environmental issues. Media also arrange awareness programs in rural area where people are illiterate and do not know about how to save our environment. They can also make some small movies in which they can send message to society for saving our environment, make some agendas like save water and plant more trees. They must contain some knowledge about agriculture so that they can use appropriate methods and techniques instead the use of fertilisers and pesticides which pollute not even the crops but land also. The main purpose of media is firstly, they provide the news about the problems which are facing the people in the world. Another motive is, to helps to educate the people about environmental issue by creating educational campaigns, rescue operations, programs like dramas and serial which helps the people to aware. Furthermore, 30% of the world’s population is under the age of eighteen, according to UNEO, which is why educating children and young adults about environmental problems is crucial to long-term success. This will help them foster a sense of responsibility so that when they becomes adults they will make choices that help the environment rather than harm it. Many school, however, do not currently teach their students about environmental issues. Integrating environmental education into current science classes or teaching environmental science as a separate discipline is one of the best ways to educate children and teens about environmental problems, particularly if the classes involve some sort of hands on learning, like to make small gardens and watering the plants or caring for an animal3.Public should know about the environmental issues and put some steps to clean and save our environment. Celebrities should also put their efforts and participates openly with the public to aware them. People should complained to police if someone in their locality pollutes the environment. Every person in this world have to put some efforts and performed hisher duty to solve this problem. Like a forestation should be done on large scale and people should use public vehicle instead of private vehicles. Water treatment plants should be installed in all industrial areas. Garbage should be thrown in proper place. Water which we used for washing vegetables may be used to watering the plants in the garden. Hunting should be banned for the safety of animals. Last but not the least, reduce, reuse and recycle should be our mantra Instead of it, government can also play unique identity in improving the environmental issues in every country such as there should be strict law if people pollute environment. If some pollute the environment, then fines would be charged so that they can’t ever repeat the same mistake in future. Environment education should be compulsory in all the fields of education. Laws for industrial units should be strictly implemented so that polluted water is not disposed off directly into rivers and lakes .So Government should also ban the use of plastic bags. In all rural areas there should be proper sewerage and purifier water treatment plants for saving the water. Wildlife sanctuaries should be established for the protection of animals and forests. By winding up the idea, it seems to me that environmental problem is the worrying concern and individuals have a primary role in joining hands with the government in saving environment. Humans are responsible for a variety of environmental problems, but we can also take steps to reduce the damage that we are causing to the planet. This essay discuss environmental problems and the measures that governments and individuals can take to cope up with these problems. Gas emissions from factories and exhaust fumes from vehicles lead to global warming, which may have a serious effects on the planet in the future. so our life is in our hands we have to think before use. References: 1.global warming(only definition)-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming 2, 3-in this i use my B.sc- 1st semester book ie environmental studies
Strategic Analysis And Strategic Management
1.0 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to establish what strategic analysis is, why we use it and when used correctly, how it can benefit your organisation. I will discuss the VRIO and PESTLE frameworks. To attain an accurate portrait I will gather sufficient information from reliable sources and interpret this data to help answer the questions raised in an intellectually integrative manner. 2.0 Objectives The main objectives of this project are to: Explain why strategic analysis is necessary in organisations Identify and explain what strategic analysis methodologies and tools are used to examine internal and external environments. Explain why strategic analysis is necessary in organisations. Breakdown and analyse the VRIO and PESTEL analysis tools. 3.0 What is Strategic Analysis? Professor Worrall from the University of Wolverhampton Business School describes strategic analysis as a ‘theoretically informed understanding of the environment in which an organisation is operating’ (Worrell, L.1998). Understanding the organisation’s interaction with its internal and external environment will significantly improve an organisations effectiveness and efficiency by growth of the organisation’s ability to position and redistribute its resources logically. Strategic analysis is a critical component of the strategic planning process. Strategic analysis is an integral part of a company’s evaluation and control program as it provides managers with a comprehensive assessment of the organization’s capabilities and market factors; revealing growth opportunities and vulnerabilities (Beany, 2003). Definitions of strategic analysis often differ, but Worrall states that the following attributes are commonly associated with strategic analysis: The Identification and assessment of information relevant to strategy design. Classification of the internal and external environment to be considered. The range of problem solving methods that can be employed in the analysis. (Worrell, L.1998). 3.1 Internal Analysis The internal environment is the shape and fitness of the organisation. Internal analysis tries to identify potential inhibitors that diminish organisational effectiveness such as resources. An inhibitor is a mismatch between the structure or activities of the organisation and its direction. An example might be my smartphone. As a resource it is more powerful than the original computer system on the space shuttle, however, I currently could not land the space shuttle with it. So in this case I have a superior resource but an inferior capability. 3.2 External Analysis All organisations operate in a changing world and are subject to forces both internally and externally which are more powerful than they are. No business can survive without continued interaction with the external environment; organisations are influenced by forces in their external business environment. Any business strategy needs to take account of all these forces so that opportunities and threats can be identified and the organisation can navigate its way to success by matching its internal strengths to external opportunities. 4.0 Strategic Analysis Tools There are many strategic analysis and planning tools available to aid in strategically analysing the business environment internally and externally including the market environment as shown in Fig.1. (Fig. 1) The following are just some of the tools available to analyse the business. PESTLE framework SWOT framework Scenario planning framework VRIO framework Critical success factor framework Porter’s five forces framework Four corner’s framework Value chain analysis War gaming analysis Each tool has its benefits and restrictions and for the scope of this project I will examine PESTEL and VRIO frameworks in more depth. 5.0 VRIO framework Barney and Hesterly (2006), describes the VRIO framework as a worthy tool to examine the internal environment of an organisation. VRIO is an acronym that stands for the four questions that must be asked about a resource or capability to determine its competitive potential. The Question of Value Does a resource enable an organisation to exploit an environmental opportunity, and/or neutralize an environmental threat? The Question of Rarity Is a resource currently controlled by only a small number of competing organisation? The Question of Imitability Do firms without a resource face a cost disadvantage in obtaining or developing it? The Question of Organization Are an organisation’s policies and procedures organized to support the exploitation of its valuable, rare, and costly-to-imitate resources? We can evaluate what types of resources lead to competitive advantage by establishing the: Tangible resources (Fig. 2) Intangible resources (Fig. 3) Organisational capabilities (Fig. 4) The table in Fig. 5 represents how to apply the VRIO framework and what outcomes to expect when analysing an organisation using the VRIO framework. 5.1 Tangible assets Tangible assets are those that have a physical substance and can be touched, such as currencies, buildings, real estate, vehicles, inventories, equipment, and precious metals (Barney and Hesterly, 2006). Tangible Resources Financial Organisation cash and cash equivalents Organisation capacity to raise equity Organisation borrowing capacity Physical Modern plant and facilities Favourable manufacturing locations State-of-the-art machinery and equipment Technological Trade secrets Innovative production processes Patents, copyrights, trademarks Organizational Effective strategic planning process Excellent evaluation and control systems (Fig.2) 5.2 Intangible assets Intangible assets are assets that are not physical in nature. Intellectual property such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies, goodwill and brand recognition are all common intangible assets. Intangible Resources Human Experience and capabilities of employees Trust Managerial skills Organisation -specific practices and procedures Innovation and Creativity Technical and scientific skills Innovation capacities Reputation Brand name Reputation with customers for quality and reliability Reputation with suppliers for fairness, non-zero-sum relationships (Fig. 3) 5.2 Organisational capabilities Organisational capabilities are a source of competitive advantage. (McKinzie, 2010) Organisational Capabilities Organisation competences or skills the firm employs to transfer inputs to outputs Capacity to combine tangible and intangible resources, using organisational processes to attain desired end. Outstanding customer service Excellent product development capabilities Innovativeness or products and services Ability to hire, motivate, and retain human capital (Fig. 4) 5.3 VRIO summary The table in Fig.5 is an example VRIO framework summary, the output provides insight on expected performance, competitive advantage and economic implications. 6.0 PESTLE framework PESTLE is an external analysis tool generally used in a holistic business environmental context, the PEST analysis is an analysis of the external macro environment in which a business operates. These are often factors which are beyond the control or influence of a business, however are important to be aware of when doing product development, business or strategy planning (CIMA, 2007). A PESTLE analysis is often used as a generic ‘orientation’ tool (CPID, 2010), establishing where an organisation or product is in the context of what is happening externally, these external influences will eventually affect what is happening internally. Political factors – include governmental guidelines and restriction such as employment laws, tax policy and environmental constrictions. Other political factors are political stability and trade restrictions. Economic factors – alter the cost of capital and procurement power of an organisation. Economic factors include interest rates, economic growth, currency exchange rates and inflation. Social factors – impact on the consumer’s need and the market size for an organisation’s resources. Social factors include age demographics, population growth and attitudes towards healthiness. Technological factors – influence barriers to entry, investment in innovation and make or buy decisions, such as investment incentives and the degree of technological transformation. Legal factors – What is happening with changes to laws. This may influence employment, access to resources, quotas, resources, imports and exports. Environmental – with relevance to environmental and ecological issues. The six elements form a framework for reviewing a situation, and can also be used to review a strategy or position, direction of a company, a marketing proposition, or idea. 7.0 Conclusion In the ever-competitive marketplace, companies are increasingly finding that their competitive advantages are elusive and that it is an on-going struggle to “stay within the pack,” let alone “ahead of the pack.” It is not simply enough to identify the political, environmental, sociological, technological, economic and legal aspects as it is proven one framework does not fit all organisations; hence the evolution of PEST to PESTLE the model has recently been extended to STEEPLE and STEEPLED, with the addition of education, ethical and demographic factors. The PEST model shows the most versatility as it can be manipulated and adapted to suit the need of the current business environment. While VRIO resources are the best, they are quite rare; it is not uncommon for successful organisations to simply be combinations of a large number of VR_O or even V_ _ O resources and capabilities. (Carpenter et al, 2009) After much research on VRIO I have found that it is a particularly valuable internal analysis framework and is now my own preferred framework of choice, however it does not seem to be a widely used strategic analysis framework currently, and I expect this to change.
HUST Ethical Leaderships Potential & Boundaries in Organizational Change Discussion
HUST Ethical Leaderships Potential & Boundaries in Organizational Change Discussion.
Journal articles focus on transformational leadership and knowledge and knowledge sharing within an organization, please review these concepts and answer the following questions:How do trustworthy and ethical leaders enhance knowledge sharing in organizations? How does this impact the rate of information technology implementations? How does this impact data management within organizations? How does servant leadership assist with transferring knowledge in an organization?When thinking about data analytics, how does transformational leadership assist with building good data structures?Be sure to use the UC Library for scholarly research. Google Scholar is also a great source for research. Please be sure that journal articles are peer-reviewed and are published within the last five years.Reference Bormann, K.C. and Rowold, J. (2016) ‘Ethical leadership’s potential and boundaries in organizational change: a moderated mediation model of employee silence,’ German Journal of Human Resource Management, 30(3–4): 225–245.Haney, A.B., Pope, J. and Arden, Z. (2018) ‘Making it personal: developing sustainability leaders in business,’ Organization & Environment. DOI: 10.1177/1086026618806201
HUST Ethical Leaderships Potential & Boundaries in Organizational Change Discussion