Get help from the best in academic writing.

Plato’s Aesthetics Essay

The censorship of works of art or media images is a timeless issue for two different groups of people: supporters who are affected by the restrictions, and those who are appealing to the freedom of expression. Looking at the problem through the arguments of Plato, Aristotle, and David Hume provides enlightenment for a revision of the notions of beauty, art, and censorship. Plato speaks about the previously mentioned concepts in relation to God. The figure of the creator is an embodiment of good, or virtue, and the only reality, which represented in the Forms. Everything that has been made by its power is truth. On the other hand, the art designed by a human being is only a reflection of the creator and its work in the human world. Therefore, man-made art is not a reality but an illusion. The concepts of deception and evil are contrary to that of virtue and, according to Plato, everything that distorts and corrupts reality should be restricted. The works of art that do not manifest grace but disfigure the significance of the matter and, thus, harm human beings should be censured. It is helpful to follow Plato’s argument to justify the limitations on media images and artwork. The philosopher defines God and the creator’s responsibilities in the text of the Republic: The creator is real and the opposite of evil. A lot of people ascribe the formation of all things to God, however, it does just a few, and the making of all kinds of misery should not be attributed to the creator (Ross 12). According to Plato, a work of art is not a deed of God, but of a man. The efforts of a human being cannot be comparable with the creator’s design considering excellence; the art only strives for perfection, and as far as the creation is virtuous, it represents God’s intention. Deliberate or not, the lack of integrity in art forms may lead to corruption, which is a sign of evil (Ross 8). As an illustration, the numerous images that objectify women as a sexual commodity and circulate in the media distort the perception of the female body and the role of women in society. Another representation of cruelty is shown in Irreversible (2002), Gaspar Noe’s film, filled by the graphic scenes of violence and sexual abuse. The natural response to such depictions is “disgust as a unique defense reaction manifested as nausea, turning away from the image or even physically distancing oneself from it” (Kuplen 8). Should these pieces of human creation be restricted from availability to the general public? Applying Plato’s logic, they may negatively affect a viewer, especially a young one, deceive him, and distort his knowledge of reality and, thus, require limitation. One of Plato’s foundations, the concept of ideal Forms that are a genuine representation of virtue and beauty and could only be reflected in works of art, is challenged by Aristotle. He assumes that these universal ideals are integral parts of an object because they change with the development of the matter. Moreover, the origin of the Forms as God’s creations does not explain their connection with the real substances, and in particular, those that have been produced by a man. Since the perception of beauty or virtue is linked to the understanding of the object, they are pieces of it (Ross 67). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Nevertheless, in his critique of Plato’s ideas, Aristotle considers art as modesty: “Then beauty of style and harmony and grace and good rhythm depend on simplicity, – I mean the true simplicity of a rightly and nobly ordered mind and character” (Ross 31). Aristotle’s examination of poetry as an art form brings him to the conclusion that the ethical aspect of a literary piece is the primary concern of an author. Philosopher’s assumption that the character who reflects high ethical standards can demonstrate what is right or bad ( Ross 72) while the depraved personifications have potential destructive forces does not lead to the idea that the works of art should be censured even though they have negative protagonists or distort reality. Beauty is an essential element in works of art for both philosophers. They refer to a word, kalon, which can be translated as grace, however, not literally. For Plato and Aristotle, beauty is entirely connected to moral virtue (Irwin 382). This raises the question: Is it necessary for only exquisite matters and characters with strong ethics to be present in artwork? The philosophers’ arguments reject the necessity of this notion. According to Plato, evil as the antagonism of beauty demonstrates the wrong approach, and can be overcome by itself through the search for truth. The philosopher writes that malicious entities are wicked by their essence (Ross 59). Moreover, they cannot destroy other bodies that do not contain the presence of corruption and, thus, a soul cannot be demolished by an alien evil (Ross 60). Therefore, Plato’s ideas leave space for a critical approach to censorship that should not be applied without the proper understanding of the nature of the offensive parts of the works of art or the whole pieces affected by unpleasant content. The idea of taste in art as introduced by David Hume is helpful in the process of evaluating products of the media and artistic creations. Development of taste to perceive the aesthetic value in works highlights the notion of inner integrity, which is supposed to exist, according to Plato, inside of a human being, at least, for the reason that man was designed by God and like all of creation, an individual has excellence inside of him. This perfection assists a man in what may be, at times, a strenuous effort to separate the virtue from the evil. At the same time, Hume claims that virtue is an ideal image created in the mind, and affects the perception of pieces of art from person to person. Accepting this assumption, it is possible to conclude that neither works of art nor media images should be censored or restricted in any way. The understanding of art depends only on individuals and their natural inclinations. If a man is moral by his nature, he will perceive the piece of art according to his intrinsic values. The same is of value for a man who is corrupted. His understanding of the same work of art will be different because his personality and experience allow him observing something that the man of virtue cannot comprehend. Therefore, the introduction of censorship will limit the scope of meanings that the images have. In summary, applying Plato’s view on art, the regulation of media products and the aesthetic domain has to be limited by common sense. Every person perceives information according to diverse personal and social aspects. There will be a threat of an absence of various voices if any one position, even the virtuous one, is accepted as the truth. Works Cited Irwin, T.H. “The Sense and Reference of Kalon in Aristotle.” Classical Philology 105.4 (2010): 381-396. Kuplen, Mojca. The Notion of Disgust in Comparison to Ugliness: A Kantian Perspective. We will write a custom Essay on Plato’s Aesthetics specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ross, Stephen. Art and Its Significance: An Anthology of Aesthetic Theory. Albany: State University of New Yok Press, 1994. Print.
Introduction Many African leaders today impute the desperate economic situations in their countries to the European colonization. Although this may be significantly true, the countries are perpetuators of their situations. During colonization, the European rulers deprived the Africans of their fundamental rights. This in effect rendered the Africans ‘passive’ towards development and by the time the Europeans left, the nations ushered in an era of debt. Historians argue that Cold War exacerbated the situation and today, for example, independent Africa owes more than $300 billion to IMF, World Bank and foreign creditors. While these countries continue to spend more than $14 billion annually to service these debts, most citizens subsist on $1 a day. Economists observe that these countries spend more finances in payment of debts than in development of their economies. Politics in these nations continue to exasperate the situation resulting into irrepressible levels of poverty and debt. For the past two decades or so, the IMF, World Bank and the developed economies have sought to alleviate the problem. Unfortunately, in 1996, the IMF and World Bank initiative to assist the heavily indebted countries failed to offset the external debt of these countries. In 2005, the developed countries, which include the G-8 and the U.S., designed a plan to cancel the debts for most of the poorest countries out of which 14 were African. Despite the attempts, these countries still languish in extreme poverty and high levels of debt. This paper argues that the developed countries should not provide debt relief to the poorest indebted countries in Africa. By illustrating the root cause of the situation in these countries, the paper will disapprove the arguments by most political leaders and in particular the positions by Logie and Rawson. Developed Countries should not provide debt relief to poor nations The leadership in African indebted nations is the profound cause of the problem. Although Logie and Rawson argue that debt relief by the IMF, World Bank and the developed countries to these nations could assist in realization of the human rights, it is apparent that the leadership in these countries denies these rights to their own citizens. Unfortunately, the present African leadership emulates their colonial leaders (Snyder 682). Autocratic leadership characterized the colonial systems in Rwanda until 1994. During these colonial times, Africans had limited rights to freedom, speech and possession. While these features may not be easily evident in the independent African regimes, the governments have concealed and integrated them into their systems. As such, the African people continue to thrive under ‘colonial leadership’, which scholars refer to neo-colonialism. Under such situations, people feel alienated from the economic development and therefore their contribution to the economy is insignificant. This has resulted into stagnant economies in the African nations. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As per economic view, low production is the extreme result of economic stagnation. Economists posit that low production in these nations which are characterized by high population, results into deficits in the budget of the countries and hence dictating borrowing as the option to these economies. With this kind of leadership, the African countries will continue to experience low production and hence budget deficit. Is the relief of the debt burden a solution? Debt cancellation for the African nations will just solve the superficial problem but not the root cause of the problem. Instead, the developed, IMF and the World Bank should focus on transforming the leadership in these countries. Through this way, they will empower the leaders to embrace participative leadership in which people enjoy their rights as human beings and citizens. In effect, people will participate in production resulting into increase in the nation’s output. This would offset the financial deficit in these nations. Resolving the leadership issues in the African countries will improve the governance in the public systems. As a result, the leaders will formulate practical policies for development and therefore they will be able to settle the outstanding debts. With the biting autocratic leadership, Africa will continue to experience financial deficits and high levels of poverty. In order to overcome these challenges, African nations require active and permanent solutions. The developed countries should play an active role in alleviating poverty and transforming leadership instead of the passive role of debt relief. Poverty is another cause for high debts in the African nations. While the leaders in these countries live in affluence, common people languish in extreme poverty. In fact, the World Bank estimates that most African people live below one dollar a day. As Roberts asserts poverty results into budget deficit and in order to countervail this effect, the nations borrow money from the developed countries (683). Since leaders do not seem to seek for permanent solution for poverty alleviation, the condition results into a cycle, which further creates pile of debts in these nations. Providing relief of these debts would not really solve the poverty problem. Nigeria, for example, is one of the African countries characterized by high levels of poverty. It was among the African countries that benefited from the 2005 plan. The initiative granted Nigeria the relief to pay 40% of its 30 billion US dollars. The country however continues to owe the developed economies billions of dollars in debts. Logie and Rawson observed, “at least one-fifth of the world’s population live in absolute poverty with 70% of them composed of women” (85). We will write a custom Essay on Debt relief to the poorest indebted African Nations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Poor housing, sanitation and incapability to access safe water are features of poverty. Since these countries channel 90% of its income to defrayment of the debts, the issue remains unresolved creating a need to borrow again. This phenomenon is the reason for high debts in Nigeria despite the relief. From the Nigeria’s example, it is evident that unless these nations fight poverty to the ultimate end, the realization of debt-free economies in Africa and Asia will remain a dream for all the generations. In contrast to Logie and Rawson’s observations, poverty alleviation will grant people their rights but not debt relief. The alleviation can only be possible through the involvement of the developed countries. By doing so, these nations will be able to pay for their debts rather than being assisted to do it. It will end the cyclic behavior of debt mentioned earlier on. In fact, this would serve as a permanent solution to the financial problem in the African countries. Economists note that poverty alleviation results into growth in income per capita, thereby resulting into growth of the GDP. GDP growth indicates economic expansion of a country and positions the country in a capacity to pay its debts and cater for all its expenses; therefore, reducing borrowing. It is justifiable that developing countries should not relief these countries of their debts but instead empower them to repay them through poverty alleviation among the citizens. Power struggle in the poor countries is another cause for their economic situation. Although politicians in the African countries blame the colonial masters like France and Britain for the economic situation in their countries, it is the power struggle, which perpetuate the condition (Moseley 385). Major economic breakdown in Africa and Asia are results of competition for power. The infamous Rwandan genocide, which resulted into irreversible economic situation, was due to power struggle between the Tutsi and Hutu leaders. The economic breakdown currently experienced in Egypt and other Islamic countries are results of power struggle, among the liberalists and the conservatives. Historically, borrowing has been the major solution to leverage such economies. Similarly, the continued struggle for power in Africa exposes these countries’ vulnerability for economic breakdown and hence continued practice of borrowing. In struggle for power, the leaders strive to oppress their opponents by any means possible. Such leaders misappropriate the public finances to maintain their positions and power in governance. Misuse of finances causes huge deficit in the national budget. In order to offset the deficits, the government has to borrow from the developed countries, the World Bank or the IMF. This implies that most of the borrowed finances do not benefit the people but the political elite. Not sure if you can write a paper on Debt relief to the poorest indebted African Nations by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Therefore, by relieving these debts, the developed countries will be servicing the debts of the leaders. In order to ensure these leaders pay for their own debts, the citizens should demand for performance from their governments. The developed countries cannot solve the problems of these countries. It is the citizens and leaders of these countries who can solve their problems. Leaders should learn to resolve their issues peacefully. Peace provides an environment for investment and economic empowerment for the citizens. Instead of the developed countries offering to relief these debts, they should invest in these nations and hence play an active role in expansion of the economies. Economic expansion means that these nations will be able to pay for their debts. As a result, the economic breakdowns and hence increase in debts in Africa witnessed in most countries in Africa will be outdated. Debt relief on the other hand will enhance power struggle simply because leaders who depend on borrowed money do not understand the sacrifices involved in economic expansion. In fact, leaders struggle for the powers to enrich themselves from the borrowed money knowing that either the IMF or the World Bank will cancel the debts. In order to avoid this notion and subsequently reduce power struggles in Africa, the developed countries should not provide debt relief to the poorest African countries. Ethnic violence and inequality are other factors, which justify the arguments against debt relief. The objective of human rights is to achieve economical, political and social equality in these countries. In contrast to Logie and Rawson, debt relief cannot help the poor countries to achieve the said equality. Ethnic violence instigated by politics in these countries contributes significantly to the increase in debt levels. Therefore, resolving ethnic differences in Africa would largely help these countries to achieve the objects of the human rights. Rwanda continues to experience the economic struggles due to the effects of the 1994 ethnic clashes. The Jubilee 2000, which aimed at forgiving debts for countries such as Rwanda has not solved any problems (Snyder 684). Conflict resolution experts warn that, debt relief may in fact instigate the inequality in these nations. As long as these divisions exists, some communities remain empowered than others and therefore, debt relief may further enhance these divisions. Therefore, the developed countries should not provide relief for the debts as this might enhance the inequalities and hence instigate ethnic violence. Conclusion Although developed countries, the IMF and the World Bank strive to relieve the poorest nations of their debts, it is still evident that the debt levels of these countries continue to grow beyond uncontrollable levels. The important aspect which leaders have not acknowledged is that, developing countries need permanent solutions to their financial problems. Forgiving these nations their debts is not a permanent solution. In fact, debt relief exposes the developing countries to higher chances of incurring more debts. As a result, developed countries should shift their attention to empowering the leadership in the poor countries instead of expending time in developing initiatives to scrap the outstanding debts. Empowering leadership shall enable the leaders to embrace principles of transformational leadership and hence develop policies for expansion of the economy. Economic expansion in effect shall enable these countries to not only service their debts but also become independent of the developing countries. In order to avoid the reversible behavior of debts, these countries should focus on poverty alleviation. Instead of pleading for debt relief, the leaders should empower the citizens as a way of reducing the levels of poverty. Finally, debt relief encourages passivity in the leadership and economy of these nations. Therefore, in order to enhance economic growth, the developing countries should not provide debt relief to these nations. As they put it, the developed countries should train Africans how to fish not giving them the fish. Works Cited Logie, Dorothy, and Rawson, Michael. “Poverty and Health: Debt of relief Could Help Achieve Human Rights Objectives.” Health and Human Rights 3.2 (1998):83- 97. Moseley, William. Taking sides: Clashing views on African Issues. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2008. Snyder, Robert. “Proclaiming Jubilee-For Whom?” Christian Century 2.4 (1999): 682- 684.
Introduction Delivery of health care should be efficiently done in all health care facilities. Such a delivery can only be made possible if Information Technology is introduced in these facilities. Many facilities are warming up to the idea of implementing technology in their centers though the process is practically low in many centers. This has been attributed to application of the process and under what circumstances and settings. This paper will therefore analyze a case study that help the reader understand the need of introduction and management of an efficient Information Technology transition process. Case Study: Thedacare Health Care Center Located in Northeast Wisconsin, Thedacare is one of the leading health care providers in the region. With more than 5,000 employees based in their different sites, the center serves more than 200,000 patients on a monthly basis. The center is busy at all times throughout all its branches. It is comprised of four hospitals situated in different areas namely the Appleton, Theda Clark, London Family health center and the Riverside care center. It further has a physician wing with more than 120 physicians based in the area branches and a customer care call center that operate on a 24 hour base with an aim of attending to urgent medical calls. It also has provisions for laboratories, the orthopedics plus and other small branches that take into considerations unique cases of patients. The mission of Thedacare is to provide and deliver valuable and efficient health care services to the patients. It is for this reason that it got actively involved in an improvement initiative to promote the service delivery. The initiative, Thedacare Improvement System (TIS), saw the center engage itself in lean manufacturing concepts and principles. The initiative has been a success leading to Thedacare’s drastic reduction in its blemishes hence recording an improvement in their patient’s results. Transition Fundamentals Of Information Technology In Thedacare Transformation Thedacare initiative project is an indication of its effort to integrate the Information Technology system. Why is this important in such an institution? With more than 5,000 employees at the center to take care of a large number of patients, service delivery should be fast and efficient to the satisfaction of the patients. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Patient’s records needs to be stored in a systematic manner for easy retrieval and update of information. In addition, it becomes easy for such a large institution to address the problems from all the providers affiliated with the center through an integrated delivery system. This ensures that any problem that arises is not ignored and that it can be solved at any department within the center. The process helps to ease confusion by both the employees and patients. A report released by Institute of Medicine claimed that 4 out of 10 patients died annually in hospitals due to medical errors. This is especially in large hospitals such as Thedacare. For the transition process to be successful, Thedacare will need to adopt the transition tools to aid in the process (Ball, Weaver and Kiel, 2010). They include goal establishment, business analysis, process evaluation and a plan. This is critical as a wrong analysis or plan can frustrate the process. Thedacare will also need to set up a central structure to control the transition project. The Managerial Roles In The Transition Process During the transition process, everybody is deemed to be affected by the change and therefore the management should be at the forefront to guide the employees (Ronen, Pliskin and Pass, 2006). Each managerial person has a role to play to ensure success of the transition. Health care center is a sensitive area especially when a change is being incorporated. With the large population in Thedacare, it is important to analyze the roles of CEO, CIO and Nursing Administrator during this process. Role Of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) The CEO in Thedacare will have a significant role to play during the entire process of transition. This pose to be a challenging task as it lies outside his area of expertise. However, she has a big role to play as the disseminator and allocator of required resources. She approves the amount of money to be invested in the project hereby placing the health center on the competitive edge. Role Of Chief Information Officers (CIO) The biggest role of the CIO is to ensure that the transition process is smooth and that it encompasses all the departments in the health center. She works hand in hand with the CEO to help set a budget for the project and ensure that the project promotes communication within the center. We will write a custom Essay on Implementing Information Technology In Healthcare specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Role of Nursing Administrator The main role of the nurse administrator is to act as a liaison between the management level and the subordinates in the health center. It is her duty to keep the subordinates on toes during the entire process of transition and ensure that they work normally. The continuity is as a result of gradual transformation to the new system being integrated in the center. Importance of Information Technology Transition For Learning Assessment Lack of Information Technology in health care can lead to low service delivery to patients. It is therefore important to implement the service in health care. It is also important that the management involve itself in the process as failure to do so can lead to a standstill in the operations. Information Technology success is driven by the ability to ensure quality and efficient delivery of services. However, the process is hindered by certain barriers such as set-up costs and the complexity of the process which can lead to major setbacks such as cultural changes in the health care facility. Health care market is making considerable effort to integrate Information Technology in its communication strategies, record keeping and payment policies (Chan, 2003). However, this is a weak area that most people fail to address. Information Technology is known to leak information to unauthorized persons. This will weaken the credibility of the center if certain information of a patient reaches somebody else not authorized to have it. This is a major weakness that most scholars fail to understand. What happens to the role of CIO as his work is taken over by the system? This is also another area not addressed to the point (Bali and Dwivedi, 2007). Adaptation Of Transitional Tools As a program director, the transition tools should be adopted to enhance the learning process. The managerial role should be more emphasized with the CEO’s and nursing administrator being trained the basics concerning the Information Technology. The tools also need to involve the transformation process more comprehensively. Conclusion It is important for any health care provider to deliver quality services to the satisfaction of the patient. Not only does it save lives but the physician is also enabled to work at a faster pace that he usually does. It is therefore necessary for technology to be introduced and managed in a health care facility. Reference List Bali, R.K., and Dwivedi, A.N. (2007). Healthcare Knowledge Management Issues, Advances and Successes. USA: Barnes and Noble Publishers. Ball,M., Weaver, C., and Kiel, J. (2010). Healthcare Information Management Systems: Cases, Strategies and Solutions. New York: Springer. Not sure if you can write a paper on Implementing Information Technology In Healthcare by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Chan, A. (2003). Medical Technology Management Practice. USA: Barnes and Noble Publishers. Ronen, B., Pliskin, J., and Pass, S. (2006). Focussed Operations Management for Health Services Organizations. Boston: Allyn

Colorado State University Compensation and Benefits Endothon Assignment

Colorado State University Compensation and Benefits Endothon Assignment.

SCENARIOYou are the human resources manager of Endothon Company, which helps its clients eliminate paper use by automating their business processes. Endothon is implementing a new software program and faces the challenge of hiring additional staff to help sell and support the program.The company has been in business for five years and currently has 20 employees working on a variety of software applications for clients. Endothon will likely double in size during the next six months and add even more employees by the end of the year.The first round of hires will include three new positions: one brand manager and two product sales representatives. Because Endothon is located in a geographic area in California where the job market is ultracompetitive, recruiting quality candidates will be challenging.Also, the organization’s partners feel that the current job-value structure and pay policy as well as the lack of a formal system of variable pay are outdated. You must define the company’s compensation strategy to allow Endothon to be competitive in the workplace and to attract and retain a quality workforce.REQUIREMENTSYour submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide.You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course.Note: You have been provided with the following attachments: “Brand Manager Job Description,” “Current Job-Value Structure,” “Market Rewards Survey,” and “Product Sales Representative Job Position.” These attachments must be used as you complete this assessment. It is also recommended that you consult the websites provided and integrate any relevant coursework resources into this assessment.A. Revise the attached “Current Job-Value Structure” to enable internal reward equity by doing the following:• Update the salary information for the 20 current employees, as necessary.• Add in the three new positions, one brand manager and two product sales representatives, with their anticipated salaries. Note: You must base your revisions on the attached “Brand Manager Job Description,” “Market Rewards Survey,” and “Product Sales Representative Job Description.”1. Justify the salaries and placement of the three new positions, one brand manager and two product sales representatives, within the revised job-value structure.B. Create a pay grade and ranges table that addresses the current and new roles by using your revised job-value structure and all other attachments.1. Describe a strategy to address the original salaries found in the attached “Current Job-Value Structure” that might now be outside the proposed ranges.Note: If the original salaries are not outside the proposed ranges in your pay grade and ranges table, describe a strategy that you would use if they were.2. Justify the pay grades and ranges in the table, commenting on attraction and retention strategies.C. Recommend one distinct variable pay option to motivate employees in three different pay ranges from part B, including a justification of why each recommendation would motivate individuals in that particular pay range. Note: One distinct variable pay option should be provided for each pay range.D. Acknowledge sources, using in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized.E. Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission.
Colorado State University Compensation and Benefits Endothon Assignment

Purdue Global University College I will post more info below w

cheap assignment writing service Purdue Global University College I will post more info below w.

Name of the company is Renewal Gurus Develop a name brand, tagline, and logo for your virtual business.The name will be Renewal Gurus Describe the problem your virtual business aims to solve. Using research, explain why the problem exists and how your virtual business will work to solve the problem (include this on the website and on the Microsoft word) -Lack of refurnished electronic on amazon, people buying renewal electronic Search for a free website-building software. Sign up for a free account and create a free website URL for your business.
Purdue Global University College I will post more info below w

Responsibility Definition Reflective Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Responsibility: A Brief Overview Personal view on the meaning of Responsibility Conclusion Introduction One of the key factors that lead to success in life is being responsible. From childhood, my parents and the whole society at large have been pushing me to show responsibility through my actions, feelings and utterances. The question that is left begging is: What does responsibility entail? In my opinion, responsibility is making decisions that are mutually beneficial to me and the people that I interact with in everyday activities. This paper shall define this term and evaluate its application in my personal life. Responsibility: A Brief Overview Responsibility refers to one’s ability to perform assigned duties and obligations satisfactorily. This entails taking care, being accountable and accepting the results of one’s actions, feelings and utterances. Throughout my life, I have come to the realization that no matter how smart one is, responsibilities play a pivotal role in the facilitation of success in any endeavor. In addition, I have come to terms with the fact that as a human being I cannot be responsible for things that are out of my control. For example, you are not responsible for people’s feelings about you or others in society and efforts to change such perceptions may prove to be deleterious. Personal view on the meaning of Responsibility I believe that responsibility is about seizing opportunities, making the right choices and having control of different situations no matter how challenging they are. It is my ability to respond appropriately by facing the world and actualizing my desires through personal choices. For example, my parents have always insisted that I exercise patience and discipline in all I do. They argue that these virtues make for a responsible person. As such, I have always applied these virtues in all I do and as a result, people around me consider me as a responsible person. In the world we live in today, responsibility is measured by the level of efficiency one exhibits as he/she performs a given task. Be it at home or at work, responsibility is hinged on the realization that our actions contribute positively or negatively to the lives of those who rely on us. As such, failure to meet such obligations constitutes to us failing or letting them down. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More While man is to error, responsibility demands that we accept our failures because it is through such situations that one becomes more responsible. For a very long time, I associated responsibility with blame. This is mainly due to the fact that people always demanded to know who was responsible for a particular mishap. However, I have come to understand that responsibility is not only based on successful execution of tasks, but also on one’s ability to accept and own his/her mistakes (accountability). As a man, there are various duties and obligations that the society expects me to perform. Key among them is to excel in education. Education plays a significant role in character building. For example, a student who plans his/her time effectively, achieves the set goals (grades, discipline and respect) is often viewed as a responsible person. This is because such a student performs successfully in the tasks given at school. As such, an educated person is responsible in the sense that he/she understands what is expected of him/her in regard to personal behavior, career and social objectives. My parents insisted that excellence in education leads to better responsibilities. I have witnessed this through my career, whereby I have to delegate duties and manage employees. In essence, I am responsible for them and they rely on me as much as I rely on them for success. Similarly, responsibility is about balance. A person who takes care of his family is viewed as a responsible man in society. This kind of responsibility is not based on his financial ability, but rather, on his ability to balance his work and family lives effectively. I remember my father telling me that I should not focus on my personal career and forget my duties to those people that I care about. As an example, he told me how a friend of his concentrated on his job so much that he ended up losing his family. One may argue that he was responsible at work by coming in on time, finishing tasks efficiently and before the deadline or even working overtime. However, he failed his family and people in society viewed him as an irresponsible person. We will write a custom Essay on Responsibility Definition specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Personally, I have worked very hard throughout my life to become a responsible person. While I have succeeded in most areas (personal health, hygiene, reputation and finances), there are numerous challenges that shake my confidence. One of the main challenges is dealing with people who do not care how their actions affect others. I know that through our choices, we determine how our lives turn out. As such, dealing with an irresponsible person gives me grief. Conclusion From this paper, it has been established that responsibility is not merely executing the tasks we are assigned, but also being brave enough to admit our mistakes and the consequences that arise from them. If people understand responsibility the way I do, they will make this world a better place even for future generations.

Pompidou Centre Design Concepts

Pompidou Centre Design Concepts. This essay looks at the Pompidou Centre of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, in terms of how its design can be understood as a product of its cultural, social, political and economic context, including a discussion of the influences and relationship between the philosophical ideas underpinning the movement and the resulting building. The essay first provides a brief overview of the Pompidou Centre’s history and the architecture of the Pompidou Centre and its external spaces (recognising that the Pompidou Centre is more than simply the High Tech structure; it is also composed of its plazas and external pedestrianised spaces). The essay then moves on to discuss the philosophy behind the Pompidou Centre, in terms of the intersection of the philosophy for the building and the resulting design for the building. The essay then discusses how the design of the Pompidou Centre can be understood as a product of its cultural, social, political and economic context, and ends with a brief conclusion. The Pompidou Centre was the result of an architecture competition aimed at producing an “architectural and urban complex to mark our century” (Bachman, 2003). Bachman (2003) identifies the Pompidou Centre as belonging to the high-tech style, due to its construction, namely its revealed structures, its exposed ducts and the sharp, inside out, industrial aesthetics of the entire structure. As Bachman (2003) argues, the process of revealing normally internalised sections of such a structure led to the re-thinking of these sections, in terms of their workings, their function and the ways in which they are organised and work in concert with each other. This led, implicitly, to a re-thinking of the idea of a ‘cultural space’ and ideas about what a cultural space should be used for, and who it should be used by (Thompson and Bell, 2007). The Pompidou Centre was novel in many ways, not simply in its design, but also in the ways in which the whole space was designed to be user-friendly, to attract a variety of different users to the space for multiple purposes (Bachman, 2003). The structure, and its surroundings, were also entirely novel, with the building essentially being turned inside out, with long facades that could act as ‘information surfaces’ and a plaza that was designed to act as a meeting point for the various visitors the Centre would attract. Casati (2007), interviewing Richard Rogers, discusses the idea of the Pompidou Centre stemming from the idea of uniting machinery with a cultural centre, which essentially means the idea of containing the cultural aspects of the centre in an innovative way, to allow multiple users to use the space in many different ways. As Richard Rogers says in this interview, “….we very quickly realised….a need not only for a museum but also for a place for people in this area to do other things: a place to go on Sunday morning with children, with dogs, with girlfriends, or to go to all manner of activities not specifically stated in the programme. It became something in which both culturally oriented people and the public could participate.” (Casati, 2007). On this understanding, then, it becomes clear that the multi-functionality of the space was a basic design concept, a basic philosophy, for the design of the Centre, and, as Rogers says, “…I have always dreamed of this piazza becoming the Parisian Hyde Park Corner” (Casati, 2007). From this interview with Rogers, it becomes apparent, therefore, that the space around, and including, the Pompidou Centre, should be a public space, drawing people in from the community and wider afield, not only for cultural events and happenings, but also to come together to enjoy the space, for itself, as a place to come together or to simply enjoy some alone time, enjoying the space created. Indeed, with the construction of the Pompidou Centre, Rogers and Piano managed to pedestrianise a large section of this part of Paris, ensuring that people could use the space around the building for precisely this objective, in order that there be a ‘physical space where there would be no traffic, noise or danger, that would be suitable to pedestrian activities or to leisure activities.” (Casati, 2007). As Rogers explains, “The centre needed…a surface of contact with the rest of the city”. (Casati, 2007). This external space, the plazas surrounding the actual structure, were thus fundamentally important to Rogers and Piano, as an integral part of their design, to achieve the vision they had of the Pompidou Centre as being a space for people to interact with in the manner in which they wished to interact with it. As Rogers also notes in his interview with Casati, “…the word which most stood out on the brief was ‘information’…that (the Pompidou Centre) should be a ‘building for information, culture and entertainment’.” (Casati, 2007). Parts of the design of the building conform to this brief, in terms of the long facades, for example, which allow information to be displayed. Parts of the overall design also conform to this overarching design ideal, in that the plazas and pedestrianised spaces surrounding the actual structure also became regenerated following the opening of the Pompidou Centre; bookshops opened around the plazas, and informational and cultural events began to spring up in the plazas, from the wider city, in terms of impromptu circus events, markets and concerts, for example, all of which served the function of inviting a wider audience to the Pompidou Centre as a whole. Rogers’ and Piano’s overarching philosophy for the design of their Pompidou Centre, the need to create a space for multiple activities, for multiple users, was therefore realised through their careful design of not only the structure they designed, but also via the structure’s surroundings. As Rogers states, in his interview with Casati, “…if nothing else, the building will be a surface of contact with a non-specialised public, with the public at large. People know how to read it instantly. It’s entrails are on the outside.” (Casati, 2007). This idea of the structure being turned inside out was obviously, therefore, a major philosophical starting point for the design for Rogers and Piano who were concerned, as has been seen, with designing a space that could be used by many different types of users, for many purposes, not only for cultural events: under this concept, therefore, it was important that the actual structure itself not be forbidding, not be off putting to all visitors that might pass by it. This idea, of opening up dialogue with culture, to people who may not normally have been open to culture, or who may have thought that culture was not open to them, was facilitated by opening up the building, by turning it inside out, as a way of saying, ‘Here I am, I am exposed, you can see what I am, I am not forbidding, I am open’ and, through this, taking the intimidation out of visiting a cultural space. The surrounding plazas and pedestrianised areas facilitate this open invitation to visit the spaces within the structure, inviting visitors in, enticing them to pass through the doors in to the Pompidou Centre itself. As Levy (2007) states, Rogers’ and Piano’s design was chosen for its simplicity, a work of high-tech modernity, that would, through its steel, glass and stone work, open up a pedestrianised space in the heart of the city of Paris, allowing visitors from all walks of life, and all persuasions, to partake of it’s offerings how, and when, they wished to do so. The great success of the design of the external spaces, and the construction itself, is precisely that. It’s simplicity allows people to feel comfortable within it’s spaces and to explore themselves in relation to their surroundings in a way that was extremely novel at that time in the history of architecture. The structure itself, a giant enveloped space, with its innards on show, is simple in the context that has been discussed, that it reveals itself to newcomers on first contact, and, through this, presents visitors and users with a simple task: to feel welcome enough to approach, to enter and to use the space in the ways in which they wish to use the space. The greatness of the Pompidou Centre design is this simplification, this opening up of cultural spaces for the visitors, making the spaces a function of the visitors, and not vice versa. The guiding philosophy of this project was opening, welcoming, of providing spaces for information sharing and retrieval and for exchanges of all kinds, cultural and otherwise. In this sense, the Pompidou Centre is a resounding success, given the uses to which the spaces within the structure, the plazas and the pedestrianised areas are put, by many and varied visitors. As Proto (2005) argues, the great vision of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano was to realise the need for an information centre, for a centre that would facilitate many different types of exchanges. As Proto states, “..the hyper-objectification of it’s form and the consequent transparency of its content led…to a new type of architectural fruition: that in which the ideological perception of the building exceeded the real possibilities suggested by it’s hyper-flexibility.” (Proto, 2005). The Pompidou Centre not only invites, facilitates, different kinds of exchanges, and multiple exchanges, but also allows for self-empowerment through self-learning via these exchanges, such as inter-personal interactions, and interactions with culture and with one’s surroundings, for example (Proto, 2005). In this sense, again, the Pompidou Centre was visionary in terms of creating a physical space designed to enable these interactions, these exchanges. As Stephen (2001) notes, Rogers and Renzo’s idea, and the realisation of this idea was also visionary in terms of the realisation that museums, cultural spaces, have to serve a leisure function, in terms of benefiting the wider public through the provision of leisure opportunities (Stephen, 2001). The Pompidou Centre, through its many different spaces, designed for different ends, allows users to spend their leisure time in and around the Centre, very comfortably, something that, in 1977, when the Centre was designed and built, was forward-looking, to say the least. In terms of the Pompidou Centre’s design being understood as a product of its cultural, social, political and economic context, as has been seen, the building, and its surroundings, were very much intended to become a unified enabling space, through which visitors could interact with their surroundings in novel ways, initiating, directing and thus controlling their own experience whilst in the Pompidou Centre. The approach of visitors to the culture presented at the Pompidou Centre was this very different to how culture was, and is, presented at many other cultural centres and museums. Socially, as has been seen, the ethos of the Pompidou Centre was to bring together a wide variety of visitors, from many different backgrounds, and experiences, for many different purposes, from partaking in the cultural events on offer to enjoying the open spaces around the structure. Socially, therefore, the philosophy behind the design of the Pompidou Centre was to unite previously often socially disjunct visitors, through its welcoming, inside out, structure and through the offering of many different recreational spaces, in which visitors are free to choose, and direct, their own visitor experiences. The Pompidou Centre space attracts not only visitors one would normally associate with cultural attractions, but also visitors who would not normally visit museums and other such sites (Thompson and Bell, 2007); on this basis, then, the design, and its intentions, have been entirely successful, allowing for multiple visitors, undertaking multiple activities, within the umbrella of the Pompidou Centre spaces (both internal and external). Under this view, as Rogers argued (Casati, 2007), the Pompidou Centre does indeed act as a ‘Parisian Hyde Park Corner’, a place in which people can air their views, express their desires for their free time and enhance their lives through multiple exchanges. Politically and economically, the Pompidou Centre, has, as has been seen, led to a large amount of redevelopment and regeneration in the surrounding areas of Paris. The plazas and other external spaces have been filled with complimentary shops, stores and cultural/entertainment activities (circuses, for example), leading to a general regeneration of the area surrounding the centre. This essay has looked at the Pompidou Centre of Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano, in terms of how its design can be understood as a product of its cultural, social, political and economic context. This analysis included a discussion of the influences and relationship between the philosophical ideas underpinning the movement and the resulting building. As has been seen throughout the essay, the whole concept of Rogers and Piano was to use the entire space they had been given in order to create a variety of spaces in which multiple users could interact in multiple ways, with the spaces and with each other. Philosophically the main driving force behind the Pompidou Centre seems to have been to offer culture to the masses, to enable interaction with culture, in a novel way, in such a way that this offering would be embraced, by multiple users, in a myriad of different ways. This aim seems to have been achieved, and even surpassed, in terms of how visitors use the spaces within the Pompidou Centre and in terms of the sheer numbers of visitors to the Centre. Adapting the High Tech style to a cultural centre elicited novel design features, such as the use of the inside out design, which, in turn, enabled the philosophical aim of the Centre to be enacted; the walls of the structure have everything on display, nothing is hidden, welcoming visitors through its honesty and openness. The design is the Centre’s genius, the key to the realisation of its governing philosophy. As has been seen, the sheer number of visitors, who use the Pompidou Centre and its external spaces in multiple ways, is the proof of the validity, and success, of the philosophical underpinning of the project. Not everyone likes the Pompidou Centre, and politically it has been greatly debated, but, as an architectural project, it wholly met it’s brief and has surpassed expectations in terms of user satisfaction. In conclusion, with the Pomipdou Centre, Rogers and Piano, who at the time were relatively unknown architects, showed how an unused section of a city can be regenerated, and opened up to a mass of users who previously would not have considered using a ‘cultural centre’. It is, through its High Tech design, as Proto (2005) argues, a successful exercise in showing how visitors can be enabled to direct their own self-learning, through multiple, previously unexpected, and un-hoped for, exchanges. Rogers’ vision for the Pompidou Centre as a ‘building for information, culture and entertainment’ (Casati, 2007) has been realised, and its aims and hopes surpassed in this sector of Paris. Bachman, L.R. (2002). Systematic Centre Pompidou. In Integrated Buildings: The Systems Basis of Architecture. John Wiley. This extract is also available from Architecture Week, via [Accessed 6th July 2008]. Casati, C. (2007). The Parisian Hyde Park Corner. The Guardian Tuesday October 9th, 2007. Kron, J. and Slesin, S. (1997). High Tech: The Industrial Style and Source Book for the Home. Levy, B-H. (2007). A monument of audacity and modernity. The Guardian Tuesday October 9th 2007. Proto, F. (2005). The Pompidou Centre: or the hidden kernel of dematerialisation. The Journal of Architecture 10(5), 573-589. Stephen, A. (2001). The contemporary museum and leisure: recreation as a museum function. Museum Management and Curatorship 19(3), 297-308. Thompson, H. and Bell, J. (2007). The Pompidou Centre. The Guardian Tuesday October 9th 2007. Pompidou Centre Design Concepts