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Piaget and Vygotsky Synthesis Essay

Piaget and Vygotsky Synthesis Essay. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are one of the most influential scientists in the field of the developmental psychology. Piaget and Vygotsky’s approaches to the cognitive development of children are of extreme significance even nowadays. In the following paper, the theories of both scholars will be evaluated and compared from the perspective of their similarities and differences. The article under analysis entitled “Piaget and Vygotsky: Many resemblances, and a crucial difference” was written by Orlando Lourenco in 2012. The author provides readers with the evaluation of Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories. Lourenco emphasizes the fact that despite many similarities, there are crucial differences between both approaches. The author divides the article into four parts. First, he dwells on the commonly known differences between approaches. Second, Lourenco investigates the resemblances. In the third part, the author introduces previously unnoticed differences between approaches. In the last part of the paper, he summarizes the findings. Lev Vygotsky’s theory is known as the sociocultural theory of the cognitive development. Thus, the scientist supports the idea that society and culture influence child’s development significantly. According to Vygotsky, the individual develops in the social interactions with the help of particular tools and signs (Lourenco, 2012). Jean Piaget’s theory represents the constructivist approach to the acquisition of knowledge and skills. The primary emphasis is laid on the individual. Thus, the child develops knowledge individually through the discovery. Lourenco identifies seven primary similarities between two theories. The first one is the developmental perspective. Thus, both theorists pay attention to the fact that psychological processes should be analyzed from the developmental standpoint. This view is used by Vygotsky in the examination of symbolic operation while Piaget employs it for the evaluation of mental and formal operations. The second similarity refers to the dialectical approach. This approach presupposes that the constant contact between dissimilar but mutually depending processes is necessary for psychological development. Piaget uses the dialectic method for the analysis of processes of assimilation and accommodation. Vygotsky does the same to processes internalization and externalization (Lourenco, 2012). The third resemblance is that both scientists support the idea of non-reductionism of human conscience and cognitive abilities. Piaget and Vygotsky share the opinion that the notion of intelligence cannot be merely explained by reflexes, for instance. The non-dualist view in relation to the social or physical context and the individual is the next common opinion. It means that individual and the particular context are interconnected and should not be treated separately. The next resemblance concerns the role of action. Both Piaget and Vygotsky agree that action is essential for understanding the particular phenomenon. The sixth similarity is the superiority of processes. Scholars share the opinion that the external expression of development is not so important than the processes that comprise its basis. The investigation of the internal processes is essential for the proper evaluation of any phenomenon. The last similarity is the significant role of transformational modifications or qualitative changes. The example of qualitative change can be the occurrence of formal operation after the concrete operations (Lourenco, 2012). The author of the article states that there are noteworthy differences in both theories. Lourenco investigates that core dissimilarity between theories lays in scientists’ understanding of the individual’s development. Piaget’s individual is autonomous, which means that no external aspects, such as society, do not influence the development. Vygotsky supports the idea of the heteronomous individual that relies on the fact that the development is directly connected to external factors. Because of this finding, Lourenco concludes that five differences emerge from the diverse understanding of individual’s nature. The first one refers to dissimilar opinions about the source of the motor of development and knowledge. As far as Vygotsky supports the idea of a heteronomy, he considers that the motor of development and knowledge are influenced by social and cultural context. Piaget’s notion of autonomy is supported by the consideration that the source of knowledge and motor of development is formed due to the instinctive uninfluenced processes (Lourenco, 2012). The second dissimilarity refers to the role of social interactions as sources of learning. Vygotsky believes that authority is significant for the development. The child has to reach the same level of capability demonstrated by parents or other individuals. Piaget’s lays the emphasis on the idea of mutual respect and persuasion that promote the development. The social relations should be peer-based for the efficient development. The methods for studying developmental changes used by scientists also differ. Natural settings were the best option for Piaget’s observations while Vygotsky preferred the situation when adults were involved. The next difference is the type of knowledge that should be acquired. The necessary knowledge is essential for Piaget’s theory as far as it is the direct sign of autonomy. According to Lourenco (2012), the formation of scientific concepts (true knowledge) is significant for Vygotsky because it is obtained in the process of growing in society. Finally, Vygotsky’ ideas are based on guidance and instruction while Piaget’s — on invention and construction. The better understanding of these theories is essential for having an insight into the problems of developmental psychology. Besides, Lourenco presents these ideas from the different perspective, laying particular emphasis on differences rather than on similarities. Such an approach assists in the proper evaluation of the theory and creates the ground for further implications. Reference Lourenco, O. (2012). Piaget and Vygotsky: Many resemblances, and a crucial difference. New Ideas in Psychology, 30(3), 281-295. Piaget and Vygotsky Synthesis Essay
Florida National University National Rural Health Association PPT.

Students select one interest group from the following groups provided: (e.g., Children’s Health Fund, National Rural Health Association, Coalition for Health Services Research, Global AIDS Alliance, National Nurses United, National Breast Cancer Coalition) and investigate the group’s key issues;
1) what is their mission;
2) what is their legislative agenda; 
3) how is the agenda developed; 
4) how is it communicated to members;
5) how is their agenda pushed and promoted (i.e., mechanisms used to engage/attract and influence policy makers);
6) what are the group’s current lobbying efforts; 
7) key partner coalitions; 
8) do their partnerships influence policies at the local, state or national level; 
9) key obstacles; 
10) spending allocations (consult the Center for Responsible Politics, www.opensecrets.org).
In addition to investigating the interest group’s website and reviewing position statements and testimony, students should consult media reports to obtain more information on the group’s current lobbying efforts.
Students should 1) summarize their findings in a 1-2 page, single-spaced memo. Students are also to 2) submit a 15-20 slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses all the key questions listed in the first section of this page.

Presentation is to be done in APA format and to include both learning objectives and a reference page.
1-2 page, single-spaced memo
Learning objectives 5 points
Introduction 10 points
Investigate the group’s key issues 5 points
The group’s mission 5 points
Legislative agenda 5 points
Mechanisms used to engage/attract and influence policy makers 5 points
Current lobbying efforts 5 points
Key partner coalitions 5 points
Do their partnerships influence policies at the local, state or national level: key obstacles 5 points
Spending allocations (consult the Center for Responsible Politics, www.opensecrets.org). 10 points
Conclusion 5 points
APA References 10 points
Slide PowerPoint presentation 25 points  
book material if needed:
Mason, D. J., Leavitt, J.K., Chaffee, M.W. (2016). Policy and Politics: In Nursing and Health Care. (7th• Ed) St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier, Saunders. ISBN-13: 9780323299886
Florida National University National Rural Health Association PPT

STR/581: Strategic Plan, Part 2: Internal Environmental Analysis

STR/581: Strategic Plan, Part 2: Internal Environmental Analysis. I’m studying for my Business class and need an explanation.

Assignment Content

Write a 1,050-word minimum internal environmental analysis in which you include the following:

Assess the organization’s internal environment.
Identify the most important strengths and weaknesses of your organization including an assessment of the organization’s resources.
Identify important internal environmental factors found in your analysis of the general, industry, and external environments.
Perform a competitor analysis.
Assess the structure of the organization and the influence this has on its performance.
Determine the organization’s competitive position and the possibilities this provides.

Format your paper according to APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment.

STR/581: Strategic Plan, Part 2: Internal Environmental Analysis

BUS 215 Northern Virginia Ethical Challenges and Human Rights Violations Discussion

java assignment help BUS 215 Northern Virginia Ethical Challenges and Human Rights Violations Discussion.

Take a moment and listen to either or both of these podcasts:Podcast 108 – HR and Business Ethics – SoundCloud – https://soundcloud.com/cipd/podcast-hr-and-business-ethics (Links to an external site.) (Stream Podcast 108 – HR and Business Ethics by cipd from desktop or your mobile device.)Michael Sandel on Business, Ethics and Morality … – https://www.ihrb.org/other/podcast-michael-sandel (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)www.ihrb.org– (Links to an external site.)Michael Sandel is one of the leading thinkers in the world on the ideas of justice and morality. He applies philosophy and ethics to help understand complex problems.2. Answer the following questions:Who is responsible for implementing and monitoring business ethics?How can you ensure the independence of the business ethics officer(s)?What are the challenges to people voicing ethical concerns within the business?Who decides what is ethical or not for the business?
BUS 215 Northern Virginia Ethical Challenges and Human Rights Violations Discussion

University of Central Florida Module 1 Adventures in Public History Paper

University of Central Florida Module 1 Adventures in Public History Paper.

Module 1, we will begin our examination of the field of public history. There is a great deal of confusion over what the term “public history” actually means. As a public historian, when I give a public talk or after handing someone my business card, I often hear people in the community ask, what exactly is a public historian? Please start your work in this module by reading Adam Hochschild’s article, “Adventures In Public History.” Consider how vital history has become in the public realm in 2020. Consider the examples he provides of how the past is commemorated and memorialized in the present. Can you think of any comparisons to public commemorations of history today, including those that have been toppled by protestors?In the U.S., two of the most vital areas of public discussions of history are the COVID-19 pandemic–and its relation to the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic–and the national and international Black Lives Matter protests. These two topics will be the focus of the final project students will work on throughout the semester. You will choose one to focus on, and you will meet with other students working on the same topic, virtually, via Zoom over the semester.Module 1 includes one assessment: a discussion of what public history is, using the Hochschild article as a starting point for your reflection. Please refer to the discussion participation rubric below before completing your initial post. In addition to creating an initial post, (((you must reply to at least two classmates’ posts for full credit.)))QUISTION IS : WHAT IS PUBLIC HISTORY ? SOURCE IS ATTACHED
University of Central Florida Module 1 Adventures in Public History Paper

Unit VII SA

Unit VII SA.

Unit VII Scholarly Activity
In this course, we have introduced and assessed many noteworthy figures related to the colonizing and first 90 years of
the United States. For this assignment, you will choose a significant figure who contributed to and influenced others during
the time discussed in this course—with the exception of any U.S. President—and prepare a tribute focusing on his or her
relevance to today. This is not a biography. Your argument should highlight how society remembers your historical figure
now, based on the philosophies and ideals he or she presented or helped to change and evolve.
The style of this project is a multimedia presentation with both audio and video components; however, the medium used is
up to you. Potential examples include, but are not limited to, a videotaped speech, a self-guided PowerPoint presentation,
or a video with audio. Creativity and effort will impact the final grade.
Projects are due during Unit VII and will be graded on the following:

 Prepare and submit a two-page reflection, ideally based on the outline assignment from Unit VI.

 Create and submit a visual presentation with your reflection as an audio transcript.

 Use a minimum two sources that can be found in CSU’s Online Library (at least one from the American History &
Life database).

 Proper citations and references for any use or identification of those sources must be used.

 Length must fall within three to five minutes; in the case of PowerPoint, slides and audio should progress and stop
automatically like a taped presentation.

 Content accuracy and avoidance of anachronism are a must.
Many options exist to which you could use to make your recording, such as the following:

 Audacity- www.audacityteam.org

 Online Voice Recorder- www.online-voice-recorder.com

 Ipadio- www.ipadio.com

 Webcam file and upload to YouTube.

 Microsoft PowerPoint. Please complete with a self guided powerpoint presentation. I have attached the previous work you assisted and proofread.
Unit VII SA