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PHIL201 Introduction to Philosophy

PHIL201 Introduction to Philosophy. I don’t know how to handle this Philosophy question and need guidance.

Recall that epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with knowledge. In the study of epistemology, philosophers are concerned with the epistemological shift. This is the idea that one has shifted, or changed, the way he or she takes in knowledge.
For example, you read many of your books on screens and e-readers today. This is a change from the past. In fact, there have been university libraries that have opened without any physical books (e-books only). Thanks to the Internet and smartphones, people do not have to memorize information the way they did in decades past. Reflect upon this issue and then respond to the following questions:

Are philosophers correct to be concerned with this shift?
Discuss the pros and cons of the epistemological shift in an essay.

Utilize at least 2 credible sources to support your position presented in the paper. Make sure you cite them appropriately within your paper, and list them in APA format on your Reference page. Your paper should be 3-4 pages in length, not counting the Title page and Reference page. In accordance with APA formatting requirements, your paper should include a Title and Reference page, should be double-spaced, and include a running head and page numbers.
PHIL201 Introduction to Philosophy

Harvard University Apple Stock & Honeywell Case Study.

(NO grammar errors can be accepted for this paper or incoherent paragraphs)(Paraphrase the paper attached)(Avoid PASSIVE VOICE as much as possible)(The number of words should stay close to the original file)File Name:Paraphrase documentRequest: The document is fully retrieved from external sources due to that it has a high plagiarism percentage. Your purpose is to rephrase each paragraph in order to reduce the plagiarism to under 6% ( make it passable through Turnitin). Also the paper needs to score at least 90 points out of 100 on Grammarly (which means it should not have grammar errors). Providing a work which is not coherent will result in a refund.Other information: DO NOT USE ANY PARAPHRASING SOFTWARES – my universities system identified this type of paraphrased work. In some instances, you might even have to change the place of the paragraph (highly sensitive plagiarism software!)Format:APA FormatNo plagiarism is acceptedNo Grammar errors (this has to be written as a native English writer, otherwise it will be declined).*** Thank you in advance for your support ***(NO grammar errors can be accepted for this paper or incoherent paragraphs)
Harvard University Apple Stock & Honeywell Case Study

IBSU 487 MSU Mental Health Illness Discussion.

300 wordsPLEASE CITE YOUR SOURCES. Notice that they are all health related in some way shape or form, and that’s because so many of the students in this class are headed toward a health related career path. But they are issues that may already impact you, or will in the future. Notice also that they are quite loosely defined, and rather amorphous topics. That’s a gentle way of saying they are VERY broad topics.A. Biology of gender and sexual identityB. Diabetes Type IIC. Diet, Nutrition, Exercise and Weight LossD. Mental HealthE. Impact of Evolution on Health care via antibiotic resistance and superbugsF. Your choice, but please check with me first. MUST have a science aspect.Now, the hard part. Pick one. You can pick one for any reason — interest, personal impact, family history, it doesn’t matter. It’s YOUR choice.Write about the topic. If you’d like to research and give some fact basis, that’s fine. If you want to disclose the reason you chose your topic, that’s fine. A combination of both is fine.
IBSU 487 MSU Mental Health Illness Discussion

Premarital Sex And Promiscuity

This essay will be discussing the topic of promiscuity and premarital sex from both Elliston’s and Punzo’s theories. According to Punzo on Premarital sex, it is for two people to have engaged in a sexual contact/intercourse without having the full commitment but on the other hand, promiscuity according to Elliston it is to have sex with many different people without having any commitment. When comparing both, Punzo is seen as the conservative while Elliston is seen as supporting casual sex. Punzo’s theory is when two people are together having sex they both must be engaged in a deep commitment between the two people. On the other hand, Elliston is arguing that sexual intercourse doesn’t require any thoughts or strong consideration with any commitments since it is not that big of a deal. According to Elliston promiscuity is seen as free love, where you can just meet someone and starting to fall in love with them. With this definition, it might be easier for some to understand it, as having freedom. It can also be recognized as having recreational sex, having sex just for fun. When the word fun comes with anything, it will be seen as attractive and easy going. Elliston has created a definition himself that better defined promiscuity. “Promiscuity is defined as sex with a series of other adults not directly related through marriage and with no commitments; no promises of affection, sexual exclusivity in future” (Elliston 144). Elliston also stated that for those who just want to get others in bed to have sex by lying, exploiting, and deceiving or something close to it are wrong. It is seen as wrong because it breaches the ethical principles that we all learned as a child, which is not to lie. When someone is lying about everything just because they are trying to get someone in bed to have sex with them, it is seen as very unethical. Promiscuity is seen as to the advantage of males and to the disadvantage of females because it is true that males do not have anything to lose while females will lose their virginity and at times their love. It has become exploitive; woman would get social blame but man would get sexual satisfaction. Promiscuity is not actually wrong but it is the double standard that is in places where woman is at a disadvantage in comparison to man. Promiscuity can not be defined as wrong all the time; the charges that it necessarily violates generally accepted a moral principle is false.” (Elliston 146). Elliston is saying that the double standard that should be remove but not the promiscuity, since it is always seen as a disadvantage for woman. The female involved might not feel the same as to being cheated or being used for the man to have their sexual satisfaction but it might be the woman who is using the man to satisfy herself. Sex is just a body language in the form of body interaction between the two people that are willing to interact and it leads to pleasure. It also has a deep meaning behind it. According o Elliston, “sex is more than thrusts and moans, caresses and sighs…just as verbal language has a dimension of meaning beyond phonemes and morphemes, so body language has a significance beyond the intertwining of two bodies…Promiscuity has instrumental value in that it can facilitate the mastery of one kind of body language…sexual body language is learned through sexual interaction…experiences enable an individual to develop a repertoire of gestures for communicating desire and affection and of decisive movements that clearly state intentions of love or amusement. People can be moved not only by the things we say but also by the things we do-with them, for them, or to them…desire and satisfaction can be communicated not only through verbal exchanges, but also through a lingering look and an appreciative caress. To a shattered ego a physical embrace may express far more reassurance than its verbal counterparts, and a kiss may convey desire more eloquently than pleas or poems…The observance of this etiquette is an acknowledgement of the selfhood of the other. The acquisition of it is one of the opportunities promiscuity provides”(Elliston 149). Based on this quote, Elliston is saying sex is a part of body language and the more you practice it the better you will get. The skills that you get from promiscuity will wider range of people outside of marriage or committed-relationships. Usually a married couple would be seen as only one man is allow to have dinner with one woman, which is referring to only having sex with the partner and that is it, third party is not acceptable (traditionally). Elliston sees having sex with one person at first before you decide to love that person or not. Pretty much he is saying having sex first will be a pre-stage of trying out whether the person’s sexual skill or chemistry from sexual intercourse will help you decide to love this person or not. Therefore Elliston is arguing that promiscuity should be allow and should not be seen as wrong because it is something for the two to try out and see if the chemistry is there. In Punzo’s view, sex before marriage or even having sex with no commitment is seen as wrong. Punzo has answered the question of is having pre-martial sex without any commitment wrong, with using Wilson’s theory of “sexual intercourse” to compare it with playing tennis and Chesser’s theory of two people going to see movies together. Both Wilson and Chesser see it normal and there is nothing morally wrong about having pre-marital sex. At the same time, Punzo has disagreed with both of them stating that going to the movies or playing tennis with many people are just some general activities which anyone can encounter, but it does not necessary have to be the one you would have sex with, or have any sexual interest with. In Punzo’s view, sexual intercourse must be between two committed people, so having sex without any sort of commitment is wrong. Punzo states that commitment is a must before sex, as one must agree to commit to a relationship before they can move on to a new level in their relationship, through having sex, the two gives themselves to each other in the way of trust, expressing one’s mind, and feelings through the most intimate activity, sexual intercourse. Punzo see Elliston’s argument between sex and dinning is a wrong example because dinning and sex are two different things, it is in an extreme that it has nothing to do with each other, dinning and sex has no connection at all. Dinning can be with any friends, or family members, and it does not involve any sexual contacts. Yes, dining can be with your spouse, partner but it can also be with someone else. Both eating and sex do give people satisfaction, but they are totally different from each other. Food is a need for people to survive but people can live with out sex. Elliston’s theory is to have sexual intercourse with as many people as you can before falling in love, but Punzo’s theory is to be in love or have the necessary commitment before having sexual intercourse. The moral perspectives of both are totally different from each other. This is why Punzo would not agree with Elliston and vice versa. Elliston’s argument has a defect to it, it is having sex with a number of people does not only increase the skills of one’s sexual ability, but it also limits the important value of having the most intimate relationship with the other through sexual intercourse. I believe we all know that having sex with the one we love is the most loving and special feeling of being complete as a whole. If one is engaged in a sexual activity with many other people and then stated that the one is now in love with their partner is not a rational theory, but it is also very confusing and unreasonable that promiscuity does not damage a committed relationship. Having sex without any commitment, and isolate oneself with uncommitted sex is a view that may not be true. They can have sex without any commitment but they might realize more about themselves. It doesn’t mean they are isolating themselves just because they do not involve in a committed relationship. Punzo’s full commitment does not have a clear definition, does it mean to be in a legal marriage with legal documents, and so if the two are just common-law couple then does that mean they are not legal? Punzo should have clear that term and have a better explanation of it. With the mutual understanding and respects towards each other with pre-martial sex, it is not going to affect the two negatively. It would not be harm if pre-martial sex will lead the two into commitment and onto future commitment, it would become a good thing. If pre-martial sex is happening then protection is needed to prevent any unexpected or unwanted pregnancy. In conclusion, both Punzo and Elliston has their pros and cons. Premarital sex should follow Punzo’s theory of sex, and they must involve commitment, but not with ‘full commitment’. Punzo did not clarify what full commitment means, if it meant at the stage of being legally married, then those who are only engaged or soon to be marry couples should not be having any sexual interactions. Also promiscuity must be permitted only if no one is being hurt and lie to as a result of promiscuity. It is true that Elliston’s argument of double standard needs to be remove because it is only seen as woman being the one that are at a disadvantage, but sometimes it is not the case, woman would be out to lie to man just to get money or any material that need from the man. Therefore double standard should be remove but not promiscuity. Also promiscuity is a good way to practice one’s sexual skills and ability in the bed, it is true to the term “practice makes prefect”, it would suit this practice of promiscuity closely.

William Faulkner’s Barn Burning: Sarty’s grown Essay

write my term paper William Faulkner’s story Barn Burning is one of the best stories that exhibit initiation of characters. An in-depth analysis on the story portrays Sarty as the main character and the protagonist of the story. The character is a son to a man who burns barns in their neighborhood. Sarty is portrayed as one who undergoes initiation as he does not agree to the activities of his father, which are absurd to some extent. As Sarty is forced to take part in burning of barns, he comes to understand that the act is wrong. Considering that discerning wrong from right is a virtue in the society, Sarty is victimized by his father for not agreeing with his ideologies. His constant observations of his fathers activities transform him psychologically to a hero as can be evidenced in the story. Sarty comes to understand that the world can be made a better place by little actions that are well intended. For example, Sarty feels that he cannot keep hiding from the law and the wrath of his neighbors in the rest of his life. By preventing the burning of the barn of de Spain, Sarty emerges as a hero, who is fully transformed to adulthood. Sarty constantly wrestles with the idea that he is supposed to help his father or not. At some point, Sarty comes to understand that there are worse people in the world than his father. This experience nearly makes him sympathize and become his fathers’ accomplice. To this extent, it is now evident that the character experienced both internal and interpersonal conflict. He was torn between doing the right thing, but again wanted to feel part of the family by doing the wrong thing. The external factor, especially a new understanding of the world, renders Sarty to experience an external conflict. The continuity of these experiences and an urge to do the right thing makes him experience the adult world in unexpected way. The author depicts him as the most responsible person in the story, just like an adult. Sarty, in William Faulkner’s Barn Burning, has a tentative initiation. The experience that the character undergoes reveals how he almost becomes a responsible and mature adult. Nevertheless, the experiences are but a stepping stone to maturity. According to the author, Sarty reaches maturity threshold while still young, but does not necessarily become an adult. Sarty comes of age to realize that barn burning is not a moral thing to do. In fact, he loathes at the idea of his father; Abner telling and forcing him to take part in burning of barns. Sarty grapples with the idea of how the society will view these heinous ideas. Sarty cannot live with the guilt that adults can make other people suffer. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He sees such as wrong intention to other people. Sarty believes that it his civic duty to see into it that other people and the general community are protected. This is well evidenced when he informs de Spain that his barn is about to be burnt. His forewarning of an enemy of his father is an example of how people can be responsible of other irrespective of their differences. Although Sarty does not necessarily like de Spain after seeing how he downgrades his father, he still thinks that his barn should not be burnt. He cannot fathom and live with such guilt. The respect that Sarty gives to the legal system at his age is impeccable. At the age of ten, the young boy thinks that the legal system should be accorded the right respect and dignity. This is well elaborated when he likens de Spain mansion to the courthouse (Faulkner 41). Sarty also expects that adults should respect the legal systems, especially the courthouses. At his dismay, Abner is all set to set ablaze the de Spain’s mansion. Although, Sarty may not have enough knowledge of the courthouse or the legal system, he seems to understand that the morality of the society is sometimes decided by the legal faction. In this aspect, Sarty even thinks that the sight of the mansion would compel his father not to torch it. According to Sarty, the mansion represents the aspect of “peace and dignity” (Faulkner 41). The understanding of Sarty’s ideas are exhibited by the author as those of a naive young person, who is misinformed on activities that happen in society or in the realm of adulthood. Although, Sarty transformation as a noble character is well portrayed, the character is not exceptional of some bias. This can be evidenced in his contemplating to lie. As a matter of fact, his father punishes him by hitting him. The character is taught that loyalty is important in family. In so doing, Sarty perceives his father’s enemies as his enemies too. For example, his perception on Justice and Harris is that of unwelcome enemy. At some point, Sarty calls them out “enemy! enemy!” (Faulkner 10). this exactly reveals that his father’s action also affect the son. We will write a custom Essay on William Faulkner’s Barn Burning: Sarty’s grown specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the same, Sarty tries to agree with his father ideas, after developing a bad attitude against de Spain. Interestingly, de Spain turns out to be a more horrible character than his father. He undermines other people and this almost makes Sarty agree with his father that such individuals should be punished. In conclusion, Sarty’s tentative initiation becomes rife when he almost becomes his father’s accomplice. At one point, Sarty agrees to do what his father asks. He agrees to go for the burning oil that his father asks for. However, it is during this instant that his internal conflicts become evinced. Sarty struggles with the thought of doing the heinous act and running for the rest of his life. He decides not to live this kind of life again. Sarty understands that it is a difficult decision to make, considering he is minor who fully depends on his parents support. At one point, Sarty imagines fleeing from his parents and from the life of burn burning. The character envisions himself to not “ever see Abner’s face again” (89). At twist of turns and difficult decision making, he feels that “he cannot run away” (89). Nevertheless, the author finally depicts the young character as outstanding, when he finally makes a major decision. Sarty seems to ensure that his presence is felt at last and this is by running away from his family. Although, the author does not depict the character as one who can become responsible of his life, he applauds the character for the decision of running away. Sarty has the feeling of “the terrible handicap of being young” (Faulkner 40) in a dangerous world. In fact, the author knows that Sarty’s decision will have hard repercussions at the end. Sarty life still remains vulnerable considering his age and love and care he is supposed to get from his parents. Works Cited Faulkner, William. Barn Burning. Vancouver: Paperblank Book, 1996. Print.

Ethical Issues to Consider When Doing Research

Ethical Issues to Consider When Doing Research. Negotiating Access and Research Ethics Shaban IBISH Table of Contents (Jump to) Abstract Introduction 1. Problems associated with access 1.1. Why gain physical access is difficult? 2. Strategies to gain access 2.1. Summary of strategies to gain access: 2.2. Allowing yourself sufficient time: 2.3. Using existing contacts and developing new ones: 2.4. Providing a clear account of purpose and type of access required: 2.5. Overcoming organizational concerns about the granting of access: 2.6. Possible benefits to the organization of granting you access: 2.7. Using suitable language: 2.8. Facilitating ease of reply when requesting access: 2.9. Developing your access on an incremental basis: 2.10. Establishing your credibility with intended participants: 3. Define research ethics 3.1.Ethical issues that affect the research process generally 3.2. Ethical issues related to the analysis and reporting stages 3.3. Check List of Requirements for Informed Consent 4. Natural and scope of Ethics 4.1. Ethical issues that affect the research process generally 4.2. Ethical issues during he design and initial access stages 4.3. Ethical issues during the data collection stage 4.4. Data protection and research 5. Conclusion 6. References Abstract From a mainly access and ethics are critical aspects for the conduct of research. Insufficient attention may therefore be paid to gaining access and even less to the likelihood of ethical concerns arising in relation to the conduct of the research project. In this context, such considerations are important whether you are using secondary data, or you are collecting primary data using Internet-mediated or other methods. Over the past decade, concerns about the ethics of research practice have grown dramatically. There are many ethical issues to be taken into serious consideration for research.Research ethicsinvolves the application of fundamentalethicalprinciples to a variety of topics involvingresearch, including negotiating access. Introduction First of all to clearly understand the idea of negotiation ethics, we must first define what it means to be ethical. To be ethical, or to haveethics, simply means being in accordance with the rules or standards for right conduct or practice, especially concerning the standards of a profession.With this in mind, negotiation ethics is the application of ethical behavior during pertinent negotiation positions. Many students want to start their research as soon as they have identified a topic area, forgetting that access and ethics are critical aspects for the success of any research project. Like the sub-contractors used by Procter and Gamble, you will need to think about how you are going to gain access to the data you need, and how you are going to explain to those from whom you are obtaining data why you need that data. Such considerations are important whether you are using secondary data, or you are collecting primary data using Internet-mediated or other methods. Over the past decade, concerns about the ethics of research practice have grown dramatically. Consequently, you need to think carefully about how you will gain access to undertake your research and about possible ethical concerns that could arise in relation to the conduct of your entire research project. These are aspects that require careful attention at the outset of any research project. Without paying careful attention to how you are going to gain access to the data you require and acting ethically, what seem like good ideas for research may flounder and prove impractical or problematic once you attempt to undertake them. 1. Problems associated with access Your ability to collect data will depend on gaining access to their source or to appropriate sources where there is a choice. The appropriateness of a source will of course depend on your research question, related to objectives and strategy. The first level of access is physical access or entry. Gaining physical access can be difficult for number of reasons 1.1. Why gaining physical access is difficult Organizations or individuals may not be prepared to engage in additional, voluntary activities because of the time and resources required. The request for access and cooperation may fail to interest the person who receives it. The organization may find itself in a difficult situation owing to external events totally unrelated to any perceptions about the nature of the request or the person making, so that they have no choice but to refuse access. Physical access to an organization will be formally granted through its management. Access may also refer to your ability to select a representative sample of organizational participants in order to attempt to answer your research question and meet your objectives in an unbiased way and to produce reliable and valid data. Cognitive access will lead you to gain access to the data that you need your intended participants to share with you in order to understand their social reality and to be able to address your research question and objectives. Access is likely to be a problem area, in terms of gaining permission for physical access, maintaining that access, and being able to create sufficient scope to address fully the research question and objectives that guide your work. The extent to which feasibility will affect the nature of your research, or at least the approach that you adopt. A request to undertake research may involve you seeking access to a range of participants based on an organizational sample. 2. Strategies to gain access The need to identify a feasible research question and objectives, from the perspective of gaining access. Personal entry to an organization will be less applicable where you send a self-administered, postal questionnaire to organizational participants, in situations where you do not need to gain physical access in order to identify participants. 2.1. Summary of strategies to gain access: Allowing yourself sufficient time Using existing contacts and developing new ones Providing a clear account of purpose and type of access required Overcoming organizational concerns about the granting of access Identifying possible benefits to the organization in granting you access Using suitable language Facilitating ease of reply when requesting access Developing your access on an incremental basis Establishing your credibility with intended participants. Potential ethical issues should be recognized and considered from the outset of you research and be one of the criteria against which your research proposal is judged. Ethical concerns are likely to occur at all stages of your research project: when seeking access, during data collection, as you analyze data and when you report them. Qualitative research is likely to lead to a grater range of ethical concerns in comparison with quantitative research, although all research methods have specific ethical issues associated with them. Ethical concerns are also associated with the power relationship between the research and those who grant access, and the researcher’s role (as external researcher, internal researcher). The use of the Internet and email to collect data may also generate ethical concerns. 2.2. Allowing yourself sufficient time: Physical access may take weeks or even months to arrange, and in many cases the time invested will not result in access being granted. If you are able to contact a participant directly, such as manager, and exchange of correspondence may be sufficient to gain access. In the situation where your intended participants are not the same people who grant you physical access, you will need to allow further time to gain their acceptance. Once you have gained physical access to the organization and to your participants, you will be concerned with gaining cognitive access. 2.3. Using existing contacts and developing new ones: The use of known contacts will depend largely on your choice of research strategyand approach to selecting a sample, as suggested by your research question and objectives. You will need to be able to identify the most appropriate person to contact for help, either directly or indirectly. You may consider making a direct approach to an organization in an attempt to identify the appropriate person to contact in relation to a particular research project. 2.4. Providing a clear account of purpose and type of access required: Providing a clear account of your requirements will allow your intended participants to be aware of what will be required from them. Establishing your credibility will be vital in order to gain access. 2.5. Overcoming organizational concerns about the granting of access: Concerns about the amount of time or resources that will be involved in the request for access. Sensitivity about the topic. The confidentiality of the data that would have to be provided and the anonymity of the organization or individual participants. 2.6. Possible benefits to the organization of granting you access: A discussion may allow them to think through an issue and to reflect on the action that they have adopted to manage it. The intention would be to provide each of your participants with something of value and to fulfill any expectations about exchange between the provider and receiver of the research data, thereby prompting some of those whom you approach to grant access. Where access is granted in return for supplying a report of your findings it may be important to devise a simple contract to make clear what has been agreed. 2.7. Using suitable language: Some researchers advise against referring to certain terms used in relation to research activity when making an approach to an organization for access, because these may be perceived as threatening or not interesting to the potential participant. Use of language will depend largely on the nature of the people you are contacting. 2.8. Facilitating ease of reply when requesting access: The inclusion of a simple pro forma for recipients of you written requests for access to use generally ensures a reply. It may not be suitable in all cases, and should be designed to fit the research method being used. 2.9. Developing your access on an incremental basis: Reference has been made above to the strategy of achieving access by stages: The first stage involved a request to conduct interviews. The next stage involved negotiating access to undertake observation. The final stage was in effect an extension to the second stage and involved gaining permission to tape-recorded the interactions being observed. There are potentially a number of advantages related to the use of this strategy. Using an incremental strategy at least gains you access to a certain level of data. As you establish your credibility, you can develop the possibility of achieving a fuller level of data. A further advantage may follow from the opportunity that you have to design your request for further access specifically to the situation and in relation to opportunities that may become apparent from your initiallevel of access. But the incremental process will be time consuming, and you need to consider the amount of time that you will have for your research project before embarking on such a strategy. 2.10. Establishing your credibility with intended participants: Just because you have been granted entry into an organization, you will not be able to assume that those whom you wish to interview, survey or observe will be prepared to provide their cooperation [1]. Feasibility has been recognized to be organizations and to intended participants within them have been described and discussed. Research ethics refer to the appropriateness of your behavior in relation to the rights of those who become the subject of your work or are affected by the work [2]. 3. Define research ethics The conduct of your research may be guided by a code of ethics. A code of ethics will provide you with a statement of principles and procedures for the conduct of your research. You may also be required to submit your research proposal to a faculty or institutional research ethics committee. Researchers need to be sensitive to the way in which the granting of access affects this type of relationship. In addition, as a research in an organizational setting you will need to remain sensitive to the fact that your presence is a temporary one, whereas the people from whom you collect data will need to work together after you depart. 3.1.Ethical issues that affect the research process generally Privacy of possible and actual participants Voluntary nature of participation and the right to withdraw partially or completely from the process Consent and possible deception of participants Maintenance of the confidentiality of data provided by individuals or identifiable participants and their anonymity Reactions of participants to the way in which you seek to collect data Effects on participants of the way in which you use, analyze and report your data Behavior and objectivity of the researcher. 3.2. Ethical issues related to the analysis and reporting stages The maintenance of you objectivity will be vital during the analysis stage to make sure that you do not misrepresent the data collected. The ethical issues of confidentiality and anonymity also come to the fore during the reporting stage of your research. Embarrassment and even harm could result from reporting data that are clearly attributable to a particular individual. This discussion about the impact of research on the collective interests of those who participate brings us back to the reference made above to the particular ethical issues that arise in relation to the analysis of secondary data derived from survey research. Where you are aware that your findings may be used to make a decision that could adversely affect the collective interests of those who were your participants, it may be ethical to refer to this possibility even though it reduces the level of access that you achieve. [1]. 3.3. Check List of Requirements for Informed Consent What is the purpose? Who will undertake it? Whether it is sponsored Sampling of participants; The progress of the research; The information required from the participants; How the date The information required from the participants; How the date will be collected; How much time how many occasions; The target dates; recognition that participation is voluntary; Dissemination of the results; How will anonymity and privacy will be observed at this stage? What will happen to data after the project is completed? What safeguards will be built in to preserve the anonymity in the future? [4]. 4. Natural and scope of Ethics 4.1. Ethical issues that affect the research process: Privacy of possible and actual participants, Voluntary nature of participation and the right to withdraw partially or completely from the process, Confidentiality of data provided y individuals and their anonymity, Reaction of participants to the way in which you seek to collect data, Effect on participants of the way in which you use, analyze and report your data, Behavior and objectivity of the researcher, Privacy is significant, Power relationship in business and management research, Harassment of any kind, Netiquette,Consider the applicability if Internet as a means to collect data. 4.2. Ethical issues during the design and initial access stages Take care of the Law for private data, Take care how you obtain and use secondary data, If somebody agrees to participate in the research it does not mean that he agrees, about the way you discuss the data received. 4.3. Ethical issues during the data collection stage Right to privacy, Netiquette, Confidentiality and anonymity, No chat rooms with the results, Careful with the observations – be objective and not subjective, Habituation, Debriefing. 4.4. Data protection and research Process personal data fairly and lawfully, Accurate and keep up-to-date, Keep securely, Do not transfer outside the country [3]. 5. Conclusion The process of research can be painstakingly time consuming. It can involve the overcoming of many obstacles and may unfortunately need to be revised several times as you progress through the steps. In this concept research methods in negotiating and ethics is so important. Many students want to start their research as soon as they have identified a topic area, forgetting that access and ethics are critical aspects for the success of any research project. Like the sub-contractors used by Procter and Gamble, you will need to think about how you are going to gain access to the data you need, and how you are going to explain to those from whom you are obtaining data why you need that data. 4 main components of negotiating access and research ethics are : Problems associated with access, Strategies to gain access, Define research ethics, Natural and scope of Ethics. Finally, research ethics refer to the appropriateness of your behavior in relation to the rights of those who become the subject of your work or are affected by the work. 6. References [1] Tang Weijun Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). [2] Saunders, M. N. K., Thornhill, A.,Ethical Issues to Consider When Doing Research

Business homework help

Business homework help. The goal of health promotion and education is to help prevent disease in patients. However, this is not always successful, and disease it not always preventable. With disease, early detection is ideal, often making screening procedures a routine part of clinical care. Unfortunately, many patients do not utilize these health services. This can be attributed to lack of awareness or access to care, financial concerns, or even levels of comfort with health care providers. In your role as the advanced practice nurse, you must be aware of potential obstacles for patients and implement strategies to ensure patients receive necessary screenings. Although a variety of screening procedures are recommended for women at various stages of life, not all screenings are appropriate for all patients. Understanding the strengths and limitations of each screening, as well as current guidelines for use is essential to effectively facilitate patient care. For this Discussion, the course Instructor will assign a specific topic for you to research.To prepare:Review this week?s media presentation, as well as Chapter 6 of the Tharpe et al. text and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services article in the Learning Resources. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012b). Screening tests and vaccines. Retrieved from http://www.womenshealth.gov/screening-tests-andvaccines/screening-tests-for-women/ Research guidelines on screening procedures for CANCERReflect on strengths and limitations of the screening guidelines.Consider how the guidelines might support your clinical decision making.Post an explanation of the guidelines on screening procedures for CANCER. Include an explanation of strengths and limitations of the guidelines. Then, explain how the guidelines might support your clinical decision making.Must haveÿ5 or more references.ÿTwo being theÿtwo below.Schuiling, K. D., & Likis, F. E. (2013). Women?s gynecologic health (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.Tharpe, N. L., Farley, C., & Jordan, R. G. (2013). Clinical practice guidelines for midwifery & Women?s health (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012b). Screening tests and vaccines. Retrieved from http://www.womenshealth.gov/screening-tests-andvaccines/screening-tests-for-women/Business homework help

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