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Parolee Programs Success in Population Control and Economic Welfare

According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), the term parole refers to criminal offenders who are released from prison prior to serving their full sentence in the community under predetermined conditions. The purpose of this proposal request is to implement the most successful elements of preexisting parolee programs and their success rates to aid in population control and preserve economic welfare. Within three years of an individual being released from prison, 67.5% of them will be arrested again, and more than half of them will be reincarcerated (The Urban Institute, 2008). The risk assessment of the parolee is based on the categorization of crime (violent/non-violent), psychological health based on a mental health assessment, education level indicative of societal productivity, and program compliance determined by a parole board and parole officers trending reports. Parole is a privilege that is granted to eligible and deserving inmates and not everyone meets these standards; so, it is important to consider these individuals on a case by case basis. Between 1980 and 2009, the state and federal prison population inflated about 400% and the crime rate dropped by 42% (Schrantz, Debor, Mauer, 2018). Emphasizing the importance of community engagement, finding alternatives to incarceration, and intervening with “at-risk youth to disrupt [the] school to prison pipeline,” has demonstrated a significantly positive relation with the reintroduction of an imprisoned individual into society (Schrants, et. al, 2018). BOP Statistics demonstrates the top three criminal categories of May 2019 are drug offenses, weaponry, and sex offenses which were observed at 45.4%, 18.6%, and 9.9% respectively (2019). By conducting a case by case risk assessment, and providing access to adequate resources at the start of the individual’s prison sentence, recidivism rates decline. One of the largest issues with the current parole system is the stigma around mental health and behaviors; it seems the severity of punishment takes precedence over the quality of treatment. My approach within a new and improved system would be to allow inmates the right to parole, but also provide them with the tools to ensure a seamless transition as possible. Anytime predetermined guidelines and conditions are violated, parolees would be immediately met with consequences which includes but is not limited to rearrest or reincarceration. The severity of the punishment is dependant upon the severity of the offense. Experiments have been conducted in different states and the results have been nothing less than dramatic. The problem that they have run into though is realizing that attempting to organize various public agencies to be able to enforce time-friendly and direct consequences is a larger task than getting the freed inmates to comply with the rules and regulations set in place once they have been established. According to John Gremlich, in an article dedicated to crime rates throughout the United States, has shown that our rates of crime have fallen by nearly half since the time of the 1990’s, but even though we have seen a decrease since then, we still are much higher than our levels of crime were back in the 1950’s (2019). While our crime rates have decreased by a large amount, the rate of incarceration in the United States inevitably continues to grow. With the number of incarcerations always growing, this means that more inmates will be imprisoned causing an overpopulation and prisons have no choice but to resort to releasing some of the inmates prior to end of their sentence because of budget limitations. While the number of prisoners that are released on parole will continue to be a number that grows, a lot of these prisoners live’s won’t be in the best of conditions once they are released. In order to prove effectiveness, “re-entry programs must work to facilitate more interaction between former inmates and potential role models in their new neighborhoods” (Kirchner, 2017). Released offenders often do not have a place to go and in turn, result to homelessness. Often, it is difficult for parolees to qualify for a spot in the overcrowded shelters, and some shelters would not even accept parolees. A lot of them fall under the spell of drugs and alcohol, and ultimately in most cases these released prisoners will find themselves back in the system somehow. In a research project titled Safer Return, researchers studied a re-entry program in Chicago’s Garfield Park neighborhood over the course of a 5 year study. The study found that “prisoners and prisoners’ families who were frequently ill-prepared for the transition from incarceration to home life, with the emotional and logistical complications it would bring. State, county, and city agencies were also failing in their job of coordinating and delivering whatever services those former prisoners needed most. Finally, on the community level, entire neighborhoods were unable to meet the complex needs of returning individuals,” (Kirchner, 2017). Essentially, the overall goal of the program would be to not only properly prepare the offender for his or her reentry to the community, but to properly prepare the community to accept offenders back in with open arms. Although the study caused tension within the members of the community, “fewer parolees returned to prison during the program’s run” (Kirchner, 2017). Therefor, in my program for Parole in the United States, I would approach the offender’s family and community with plans to reintegrate these offenders in a way that would have positive effects on the released offender, as well as preserve a sense of safety for the community at hand. Another issue lies in the lack of data and analysis of parole supervision in order to help improve and uplift the lives of these released inmates and the communities that they return to. The number of inmates released on parole who’s conditions and behaviors have worsened post-release speaks magnitudes of the supervision they are under. Not only do these parolee supervisors do a terrible job of controlling the behaviors of their assigned inmates, their lack of care for their inmates steadily continues to contribute to the problem that we have with prison-crowding when their inmates end up returning back to prison, where they were originally set free from due to overcrowding in the first place. It is a vicious cycle that ultimately complicates the task at hand, which should be reducing the number of inmates we have in holding. It is harder to convince people that there are large numbers of inmates that deserve to be released from prison when the minute that they are released from prison, they are hit with hardship after hardship that lands them back in prison after they were already released. My goal with the program is to ensure that the people in charge of their parolees are trained and efficient in making sure that their inmates understand the severity of recidivism entails and also ensuring that they are not set up for failure. Ensuring that they know where they can apply for jobs, or shelter, or staying on top of them to ensure that they don’t relapse, which is, in fact, a job of theirs. It starts from the second these inmates are released. IF the people in charge of keeping their lives on a straight line track are trained to efficiently execute, this will definitely do its part in making sure at least some of the people that are released on parole don’t find themselves back in the system. It’s a chain reaction from that point because if the parolees aren’t landing themselves back in prison, that doesn’t halt the overpopulation problem, but it definitely does something in aiding the fight to get these prisons from being so overpopulated. Providing parole officers with better training so they are better equipped to deal with their parolees and their behaviors is an effective tactic on the state level. In Hawaii, probation officers were more effectively trained than the average United States Parole Officer. While they did receive better training, they still found themselves dealing with a lot of the same situations that other parole officers deal with. One of these problems being the fact that they found themselves overwhelmed by the number of parolees that displayed no regard to the protocols set forth. In a study conducted consisting of 100 parolees who were ordered to meet with their probationary officers for drug screening, ten percent would fail to appear and twenty percent failed to pass the screening for at least one illicit substance (Kleiman, 2015). The same study also demonstrated that parolees were incapable of abstaining from drug use long enough to pass a drug screening even when they were given ample notice. Those ordered to outpatient drug rehabilitation facilities did not always complete the programs (Kleiman, 2015). According to the state of Hawaii’s Parole program, a convicted offender an offender is committed to a correctional institution, the Hawaii Paroling Authority will meet with the inmate within six months, where eligibility for parole will be decided. It is important to note that a tentative parole date does not necessarily guarantee privileges, and inmate behavior is continued to be monitored by authorities, until a final determination has been made. In 2006, Hawaii set forth a program called HOPE: Hawaii’s Opportunity Probation with Enforcement introduced by Judge and former Hawaiian US Attorney, Steven Alm. After long negotiations with the police department, and with local jails, and after getting all of the necessary permissions to pilot such a project, it was presented to these people that moving forward any time an appointment was missed or even showed up late for, and every drug test that didn’t come back absolutely clean would lead to an immediate trip back to jail, and the duration of the stay could be anywhere from a few days to a few weeks at most. The main idea behind this new principle was that is a parolee who for example, gave a dirty urine sample the day of their test, would find themselves sitting in a cell by the end of the day. Violations that weighed heavier would be punishable by more time, which leads the parolees to make a decision as to whether or not they’d just like to behave and act as normal citizens or risk going back to jail indefinitely. Evidence showed that “participants in a year-long pilot program in Hawaii were 50 percent less likely to be arrested for a new crime and 70 percent less likely to use drugs” (Kornell, 2013). This is an example of a policy that I would include in my new Parole program, in order to make Parole more effective. Another issue released offenders face when re-entering society is the ability to have immediate access to drugs because “substance use and crime/recidivism are irrevocably linked” (Fearn
OSU Carbon Dioxide Cylinder Pressure Analisys.

I’m working on a engineering report and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

SafetyThis experiment involves several different streams that carry water, air, and carbon dioxide, so it is imperative to check that no water comes into contact with the electrical circuit. Any leaks should be reported to the lab instructor. The carbon dioxide cylinder pressures can reach as high as 1000 psi and its heater can be hot to the touch so caution must be used around the carbon dioxide source. For water levels in the column, it should not be too low because the bottoms pump can be damaged and it cannot be too high or the analyzer tubing can be damaged which can askew the analyzer tubing results. The column also includes packing material that should stay relatively stationary throughout the experiment, so violent floods should not be allowed to persist. This apparatus contains several valves that control the direction of the water, air, and carbon dioxide, therefore, the position of each valve must be monitored. Concerning the LabVIEW software, caution must be adopted when providing the input values to ensure the apparatus is safe and the data is correct. In addition to the experiment safety, precautions regarding Covid are in use such as wearing face shields, maintaining social distance, and each member occupying one of the three green tape boxes spread out throughout the area. Since the two-phase flow experiment is also in the vicinity, each group must be aware of the other group’s whereabouts during the course of the experiment.
OSU Carbon Dioxide Cylinder Pressure Analisys

Journal Article review. I need support with this Management question so I can learn better.

Write a 3 page review of the attached journal article.
The review should contain the journal article title, author’s name and year of publication.
Your paper should contain the following headings:
Introduction
Summary of the article
Relevant points made by the author
Critique of the article
Application of the concepts in the article
You are going to review a single journal article, therefore your reference page should only contain the information from the article you reviewed. There is no need to introduce other journals into this paper.
Journal Article review

Problems In The London Zoo

The Zoological Society of London known as ZSL was founded by Stamford Raffles in 1826 and in 1828 it was opened to member of London Zoological Society for the study of animals, Zoo was on open to public until 1947 to get aid funding. In 1926 there were major expansions to Zoo to accommodate new animals and to keep large animals into natural environment. As Zoo continues to progress and in 1931 it was world’s first open zoological park. In 60s Institute of Zoology was established. London Zoo has been known as national history and contribution to the zoological world. Despite the low visitor turn up and today it’s a home of wonderful animals of more then 650 species and 130 animals are used breeding purposes. Not only that it’s also recognized world’s first reptile hose in late 40s and in 1852 worlds first aquarium. Decimus Burton was the first architecture designer of the zoo who was also the designer of Marble Arch London and Colosseum Theater. Q1: Identify and describe one of the problems that currently exist and explain how it is potentially harming the company. Problems in London Zoo London Zoo since it’s opened in 1828 has played vital role in the country scientific and entertainment activity of the society. London Zoo had grown rapidly from early start and continues expending but it ran into multiple problems in 1960s and 1970s due to various reasons. One of the major problems which can be easily identified is the lack of strategy operation plan for London Zoo. Operation strategy involved keeping the routine operations in place despite the number of visitor to the Zoo. Marketing plan had work out in the past but it all goes into drain, if end of the day customers feel lost and are not entertained or managed well. Customer dissatisfaction can potentially lead to customer not returning to Zoo and as well as it can create bad impression which can harm new or returning visitors. In these competitive era of entertainment; customer satisfaction is consider a key to success, which London Zoo has failed to provide effectively over the period of time. London Zoo has failed to delight its customer by not providing quality of service for customer processing which involved managing parking areas, queues, information desk, customer handling and information processing. Fail to achieve can lead to customer unhappiness, can create chaos and seriously damage the Zoo image. Other problem can be related to Society attitude and behaviour towards the animals, today people are well more aware of animal warfare, rights and conservation. There have been questions and debate concerning “what is the role of a Zoo in society”, “should animal be kept in captivity or used for human entertainment”. People have become much more educated and are questioning the role of Zoo in the society. Attracting number of visitors and applying capacity management operation to keep them organise have been crucial problems of London Zoo for long time. It has harmed company potentially as it has lead to various problems which included cut down in development projects; number of large animals has been move to sister Zoo to cut down the cost, services quality has affected due to lack of funds. This may lead to people not returning to Zoo for next 3 to 6 years unless there has been major development or new attraction in Zoo to drag them back to Zoo. Q2. Describe the evidence that support your claim that problem exists. Problems Evidence The major problems of London Zoo as identified previously have come to know from various sources. The source has been various reviews, feedbacks and various studies have been conducted on London Zoo to identify these problems. From past experience of the Zoo we have seen the whole operations crashed when more then expected visitor’s attendance. Management announce save my Zoo campaign after it failed to meet the expenses. Campaign attracted 18000 visitors in a day which lead to complete chaos in Zoo; there were queues everywhere, restaurants run out of food, parking problems and visitors found them self lost. There have been continues decline in number of visitors since 60s and 70s. Number of visitors have be fluctuating because of various reasons, There has been continues increment in number of leisure and attraction places in London only, there are around 130 major attractions in London. There have been numerous communications and travel invention has made easy to travel and trip around world which has made number of domestic visitor to decline. As stated in case there has been no major development for last 30 years, but in last couple of years Zoo has done some development work to improve the visitor attendance level. There have been animal welfare, rights, law and ethics awareness as it never been previously. Britain Govt created animal welfare advisory committee in 1967 which later became Farm Animal Welfare Council in 1979. It recommends animal freedoms and rights. There are 5 major freedoms which are promoted under this council which have been given in appendix. There have been debates in society in first half 20th century but its get intensified in 1980s to protect the ethics of animals. Due to continue awareness and debate in society has made people to think about the existence of the Zoo in society and their interest towards the Zoo. Customer Quality satisfaction has been the main issue in zoo. As it’s mentioned in case study, as Zoological society restructured is organisational departments to improve the operations and quality of service. After reviewing various unbiased reviews, the quality of service has been poor in London Zoo and as customer feedback shows there has been lack in operation management. There have been number of issues with visitors which includes poor operations and Planning, Empty Cages, Low Food Quality, Queues Everywhere, Lack of Seating, Baby facility. Few customer reviews have been attached in appendix with references. Q3. Carry out a critical literature review to identify what is considered to be “Best-Practice” in the area of Operations Management related to the problem. Literature Review and Best-Practice Introduction London is one of the major tourist attraction for visitors around the world, every year approximately 150m number of tourism day trips are made to London (source: The Countryside Commission website) and estimated total attendance 50m to London attractions during 2006 (Source: Visit London website). As a result of large number of visitors; attraction increases competition and importance to continuously improve the service quality to attract large chuck of visitors coming from domestically and internationally. Literature Review As previously discussed London Zoo has number of problems from which one of the major problem is to address the issue of service quality and customer satisfaction. There are various academic studies has been conducted to address the issues related to customer satisfaction, service quality and behavioural intent. Different model present different method of measuring the service quality some author describe as gap between customer expectation and perception, alternate author believe assessing the perceive quality by customer is a component to measure quality. A literature overview of different models can be found in Cauchick Miguel and Salomi (2004) presented in table 1 below. Table 1 – Proposed models for measuring service quality (adapted from Cauchick Miguel and Salomi, 2004). As it can be concluded from the diagram there is no best practice to be adapted to measure the quality service. SERVQUAL has been centre of debate for most researchers but there have been critics of its accuracy, validity and implication on all kind of service industry. There has been intense use of SERVQUAL model in different service industry like banking, fast-food restaurant, call centre and other various industries despite huge criticism of the model. As oppose to SERVQUAL other model was developed as a result of criticism, SERVPERF is comparatively less used in industries like hotels, public services, cell phones services and various other. SERVPERF critics believed it’s only applicable in developed countries. SERVPERF Model One of the strong critics SERVQUAL model were Cronin and Taylor (1992) and they developed their own new model based on the original model, they argued that quality service can be measured based performance only. SERVPERF model is single item scale and developed based on performance satisfaction as oppose to performance and expectation in SERVQUAL. SERVQUAL Model The SERVQUAL model is a technique that can be used to measure a gap and perform analysis of an organization between customer “expectation for the service and their perceptions of the providers”. It can also be used internally to perform the gab analysis of the employees and employers. It was initially based on 10 aspects if measuring the service quality of an organisation and later refined by author to five dimensions which are reliability, assurances, tangibles, empathy and responsiveness. SERVQUAL requires conduction a detailed survey or questioner to analysis the gaps between what was expected by the customer and what currently offered by the organisation. It involves relevant important of each question and measurement of perceived service and measurement of quality service provided. Conclusion From the brief literature review we can conclude that best practice can be SERVQUAL Model as its widely used in for service quality measurement model. SERVERF can be useful but it’s not as intensely studied and reviewed by researches and practitioners. SERVQUAL Gap Model Diagram illustrated Available at: http://www.gccrm.com/eng/content_details.jsp?contentid=2068

ECE405 Ashford High Quality Early Childhood Education Programs Research

essay writing help ECE405 Ashford High Quality Early Childhood Education Programs Research.

For this post, it needs to cover my home state IOWA and the neighboring state of NEBRASKA.Access to High Quality Early Childhood Education Programs [WLO: 1] [CLOs: 1, 2, 3]

Children’s access to high quality programs in the United States is influenced by the state in which they live. For this discussion, visit the Children’s Defense Fund website and access the Children in the States Factsheet 2015 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for your state and a neighboring state of your choice. Review the fact sheet for your state and the other state of your choosing. Find data for the following for the two states:
Number of children in poverty.
One fact pertaining to child health.
One fact pertaining to early childhood education.
One interesting statistic that you gained from the data.
For your initial post,
Create a graphic representation (e.g., chart, table, or graph) that clearly illustrates differences in the selected statistics between your state and the other state you chose. You are encouraged to use Chart, Table, or SmartArt features in Word or Excel to create your graphic. Here is an example:

In the written part of your post, analyze your findings to interpret what the data you provided tells us about the appropriateness of childcare services relative to the other state. Justify your analysis by providing a comparison between the funding, percentage of students served, and percentage of identified poor children based on the data for the two states.
Provide two to three specific recommendations for families to access quality childcare in your community. Also, locate two organizations that can aid families in identifying quality care.
ECE405 Ashford High Quality Early Childhood Education Programs Research

Blog Post

Blog Post.

Write a 500 to 750-word blog post
analyzing 2 of the 3 attitude scales found in Module 3 (Semantic
Differential, Likert, Visually-Oriented). Your blog post should cover
the following:Introduction:
Introduce the objective of the assignment (i.e. what class you are
writing this blog post for(PERSUASION is the class) and then introduce which 2 attitude scales
you are analyzing. Be sure to define and provide examples of the scales
(using your Course Materials and internal citations as necessary to
support your work).Critical Assessment: Address the following questions in your blog post for both scales:What is the benefit of the scale in measuring attitudes? When could it be beneficial? (Give specific examples).What is your main criticism of the scale in measuring attitudes?Theoretical Application: Use ELM & TRA to further analyze the 2
attitude scales you are analyzing. (For example—how does receiver
involvement relate to the scales you’ve chosen to analyze? Or consider
how social desirability bias might influence one’s responses?Reflect—Thinking Beyond the Research—as you finish
your blog post (suggestion: last 50-100 words), reflect on what you have
learned from this assignment about: attitude scales, communication
(persuasion theory: ELM, or TRA), and how this analysis might shape your
future interactions with attitude scales.Be sure to cite your sources in an APA formatted Reference List at the end of your blog post.
Blog Post

Dealing with Psychological Disorders & Imitation Exercise Discussions

Dealing with Psychological Disorders & Imitation Exercise Discussions.

Write from perspective of student. 21 yo male with ocd, adhd.Must be thoughtful and thorough, put your best college perspective into these Tasks.
PROMPT:
In several Think Piece prompts I give you this semester, I will provide a quote and ask you to reflect on it by either trying to understand it, trying to apply it to your own life, trying to apply it to this moment in our collective time, or doing some combination of those things. What I would like to see is a thoughtful, well-written piece that might not be perfect, but where I, the reader, can follow what you are doing, where you are going, and what you are saying.
Here’s today’s quote:
“What we perceive as limitations have the potential to become strengths greater than what we had when we were ‘normal’ or unbroken…when something breaks, something greater often emerges from the cracks.”
This think piece is through the eyes of me. I want this to be about my life. I am a 21 year old male senior in college who is diagnosed with OCD, anxiety, and A.D.H.D. I want this to be about my life as school as always been a challenge for me. I want this to be about how the limitations of these things over time, trial, and experience, have become something greater. How I use this as motivation when I go to the gym and exercise more or I go to office hours because of my ADHD I know I need to work harder than everyone else. If you have any questions on this, let me know.
2.
A large number of people enjoy watching crime shows like Law and Order and true Crime shows such as Forensic Files regularly. As a rule, these people are not themselves murderers, thieves, or criminals, nor would these people really ever enjoy seeing someone commit an actual crime, nor would most of them actually enjoy trying to solve an actual crime. They probably enjoy watching these crime shows because of this reason: they have found a way to escape from the monotonous, boring routine of dull everyday existence.
To such people the mystery or crime is realistic fantasy. It is realistic because the people in these crime shows are as a general rule believable as people (especially true crime TV) . They are not just made up pasteboard figures; some of the fiction shows are actually based on real scenarios in the current news. The shows are also realistic because the character who is the hero, the character who solves the murder mystery, solves it not usually by trial and error and haphazard methods but by exercising a high degree of logic, reason, and forensic science. It is absolutely and totally essential that people who enjoy these crime mystery shows have an admiration for the human faculty of logic.
But the mysteries are also like fantasies. Even in a true crime show the real case is dramatized, compressed, and made to feel suspenseful. The people who watch these shows sort of play a game. It is a game in which they suspend certain human emotions. One of these human emotions that they suspend is pity. If the reader stops to feel pity and sympathy for each and every victim that is killed or under suspicion or if the reader stops to feel terrible horror that such a thing could happen in our world of today, that person will never enjoy watching this type or genre of show. The devoted viewer of crime TV shows keeps uppermost in mind at all times the goal of arriving through logic and observation at the final solution to the mystery offered in the episode. It is a game with life and death. Whodunits hopefully help the reader to hide from the hideous horrors of actual life and death in the real world
3.
Imitation Exercise
This exercise in imitation is meant to pique your attention to language and the interesting ways that writers use words, syntax (sentence structure), tone, etc. Sometimes our “writing voices” are influenced by the things that we read. I am giving you license to be influenced.
Below I’ve provided four paragraphs from writers. Each is followed by a topic. Please choose two of these paragraphs and rewrite them about the topic right after the passage. Try to imitate the writer’s voice: tone, syntax, structure. This does NOT mean that you should simply use the same words or prepositional phrases only substituting the topic I provided. Really try to imitate the voice of the writer, notice the nuances in every sentence, the order of the sentence, the tone, etc. I’ve chosen ways to rewrite these passages based on some of your interests.

The date escapes me. At what point did women in America become victims? Exactly when did females, who are, after all, the majority in this country, forget how to tell pathetic and sexually clumsy men “no?” At what point did we give up our drive for equality, let out a collective whine and ask the government for special help? Probably about the same time we stopped calling men who employed tactless sexual come-ons harmless jerks and began calling them criminals. (Judy Jarvis, author)

Rewrite with the topic: the contemporary college student.

In America, during the past century or so, we have expected worthy writing to come from the margins – of the psyche, of the community, of stranger in strange lands, uprooted, lonely and lorn. We have often taken moodiness, madness, or suicide to be evidence of genius. We have celebrated the Avant Garde, as though writers were soldiers. We have praised the cutting edge, the experimental, the new, as though literature were a kind of technology. We have assumed that talent would either be born on the coasts or be drawn to them, toward the shining Atlantic or Pacific, away from the dark interior. (Scott Russell Sanders, author)

Rewrite with the topic: contemporary music.

For Marx, then, the base of any society consists of the economic forces that regulate the consumption, production, and distribution of goods and services. Once these factors are in place, a superstructure – such things as laws, politics, jurisprudence, art, morality, and religion – can emerge. But none of these exists independently of the base, nor can anyone effect substantial societal change merely by manipulating superstructural elements. The components of the superstructure all rest on, and are therefore ultimately constrained by, economic realities. (Mike Austin, author)

Rewrite with the topic: student government.

Social Security, formerly the “third rail” of American politics, has now been trod upon, in rather dramatic fashion, by George W. Bush. Given that the maneuver is both stupid and unnecessary, one must ask why. After all, the program’s alleged deficiencies, if there are any, will not manifest themselves until at least 2018. This is not quite the same as worrying about the sun’s eventual collapse into a black hole, but for most politicians a problem that lies thirteen years in the future is nearly the same thing. Clearly all is not what it seems. (Mike Hudson, author)

Rewrite with the topic: global warming.
Dealing with Psychological Disorders & Imitation Exercise Discussions