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Palm Beach State College Week 11 Technique Counselor Discussion

Palm Beach State College Week 11 Technique Counselor Discussion.

There is a simple formula for endings that can be applied to ending this course: Look back, look forward, then say goodbye. You can look back upon the total experience of this course from the beginning to the end and become aware of what changes, if any, have occurred in your own thoughts, behaviors, feelings, and relationships as a result. Mindful reflection allows you to look forward to choose which gains you will work to maintain and make a plan to do so.In this closing Discussion, you apply a powerful multisensory counseling technique—the metaphor. The course media offers an example of the use of metaphors in counseling. Metaphors evoke both emotional learning and visual imagery; metaphors decrease defensiveness, as they invite people to shift their thinking to a new perspective. Sharing metaphors with your classmates builds a clearer understanding among you.To prepare. Evaluate the impact of this Introductory Skills course on your personal and/or professional interactions.Next, find a metaphor which matches your experience. For example, was it like walking on a tightrope? Eating chocolate cake? Walking in a forest at night? Crossing a bridge? Metaphors allow creativity.Share your reflections in your post. Your post should include:How this course has impacted your interpersonal relationship styleYour plans to address areas of counseling skills strength and areas of challenge that have been revealed in this courseWays the content of this course relates to your view of social changeYour personal metaphor for your course experience
Palm Beach State College Week 11 Technique Counselor Discussion

SUMMARY Ethiopia is the home and basis of inherent resources and coffee Arabica diversities. It relies greatly on export of key agricultural products in which coffee is the major and significant crop. The country has a reputation of high quality coffee due to its branded varieties of coffee. But, most of the coffee farmers in Ethiopia are not capable of getting the benefits connected with production and marketing of a finest quality product due to production, institutional and organizational supports, storage and functioning of domestic and international market related constraints (ODI, 2009). Smallholder farmers are the main producers of coffee by contributing 95 percent of the total coffee output in Ethiopia. However, the different challenges faced by coffee farmers chiefly affect their livelihood and discourage them to engage actively in the process of coffee production and marketing which lead to a significantly decreases in the country’s foreign exchange. This suggests that it is very critical to study and monitor systematically the production and marketing systems in all coffee growing areas of the country for the sake of planning and designing suitable research and development interventions that are applicable to the specific systems. Thus, the purpose of the study is to analyze the trends of coffee sector in Ethiopia in general and generate baseline information on production and marketing of coffee in Mana woreda of Jimma zone, one of the coffee growing areas of Ethiopia in particular by concentrating on parameters like production, marketing, institutional and organizational support conditions and challenges and opportunities of the farm households. To achieve the objectives of the study, Mana woreda was purposefully selected. A two stage random sampling technique was applied for the study as there were two sample units, i.e., Kebeles (Peasant Associations) and farm households. In the first stage, four kebeles were selected randomly out of 27 kebeles in the study woreda. In the second stage, a total of 90 farm households were selected randomly from all of the four kebeles to generate a year round primary data on coffee production and marketing by means of semi-structured questionnaire. The required secondary data were also collected from relevant data sources. Microsoft Excel 2010 was used to enter the row data and exported to the statistical software called “SPSS version 20” to analyze the data for descriptive statistics method of analysis. The socio-economic characteristics of the sample respondents in the study area revealed that majority of coffee farm households were males (93.3%) whereas the remaining were females. The age of the farm household head ranges from 20 to 68 years. The average age of the coffee farmers was 42.23 years. About 90 percent lie within the most actively working age category (18-64 years). 92.2% of the farm households were married while the rest were widowed and single. The average family size of the farm households was 5.44. The distribution of household heads by their level of education showed that about 42.2% of farm household heads were illiterate and 27.8% can read and write. 24.4% had formal education up to grade 8, while 5.6% attained secondary education and above. An average dependency ratio of farmers is 0.71, which is better off compared to the national average, i.e., 0.97. All of the farm households in the study area were practicing farming activities, where cultivation of coffee took the major share. Coffee production (forest, semi-forest and garden coffee) is the main means of livelihood. Grain production (mainly Maize, Sorghum and Teff), Fruit production (especially Avocado) and Off-farm activities are also reported as the other means of income for the farm households. The coffee farmers have an average of 21 years of farming experience (ranging from 4 to 38 years) in coffee production. The majority of the sample farmers (82.2%) own the land between 1 ha and 3 ha. The average land holding in the study area was 1.84 ha per household (min. 0.5 ha and max. 6 ha) which is two times more than the national average (0.8 ha). About 67.8 percent of smallholder farmers acquired their land through inheritance from their families and 27.8 percent has got the land officially from the governed kebeles (Peasant Associations) through redistribution. The study found out that crop production is the primary farming activity in the study area where cultivation of coffee took the major share. Coffee production (forest, semi-forest and garden coffee) is the basis of livelihood for the farmers. Farm households allocate larger portion of their land for coffee production and used inter-cropping method of producing coffee with other crops mainly for consumption purposes and some of the crops helped to produce more coffee by serving as shade trees. Majority of the farmers owned forest and semi-forest coffees. Only 10 percent of the farmers cultivate garden coffee. The average yield of produced coffee was 13.33 quintal/ha which is larger than the national average (7.2 quintal/ha). All of the farmers produced both red cherry and sun dried coffee. The proportion of sun dried coffee (63%) is higher than that of the red cherry (37%). Farm households used different sources of labor for their coffee farm work (such as land clearing, planting and harvesting) in the study area. The major source of labor was family labor (75%). Traditional form (Debo) and hired labor were also the other sources. The entire coffee farmers were not used inorganic fertilizer, and chemical inputs like insecticide or pesticide for their coffee production. But majority (64.4%) of the farmers used traditional or organic manure instead of chemical inputs. This confirms that the type of coffee produced in the study area was naturally organic. They also have a habit of planting new coffee seedlings which are provided from their own nursery, local market and woreda ARDO. Coffee is harvested at the full maturity stage and stripping method of harvesting is mainly used since majority of the farmers owned forest/semi-forest coffees. Coffee farmers used traditional and temporary storage houses with poor storage facilities which affected negatively the inherent qualities and appearance of the green coffee. Results about coffee marketing showed that coffee growers, local collectors, wholesalers and cooperatives participated in coffee marketing channels with an availability of market places near to villages and with easy road access and proximity to larger towns. Farmers sell their coffee in the form of red cherry during harvesting and in sun-dried form after storing for some months for cooperatives, local collectors and wholesalers. The prices of red cherry and sun-dried coffee in the market were not stable and fluctuating from time to time. Meanwhile, the trend of coffee market is apparently decreasing across time as a result of this fluctuation and volatility of coffee price. Cooperatives purchase the majority of the red cherry coffee and give better coffee prices more than the local traders. Farm households were forced to sell their coffee produce at a lower price to local traders who exclusively set the price when cooperatives are inactive in the market due to absence of collective bargaining power and lack of price and market information. The principal cost of the farmers was cost of transporting coffee to the market followed by labor cost. Regarding with institutional and organizational support schemes for coffee farmers, denial to formal credit is predominant for majority of the farm households despite the closeness to financial institutions in the study area due to restricted criteria or inappropriate loan terms (related to grace period, duration of payment and collective eligibility), high rate of interest and inaccessibility of credit agents. The extension services provided for farmers from DAs were not adequate and effective enough to support farmers in order to enhance their coffee production and marketing activities because of shortages of technical expertise, facilities as well as ineffective means of communication. Primary cooperative associations which deal with coffee are found in the study area and most of the coffee farmers (85.6%) are members. The members are mainly benefited from cooperatives in getting better price than other traders, accessibility to sell their coffee products, transportation, provision of credit and training services. Thus, cooperatives are playing a vital role in improving the production and marketing problems of coffee farmers. Coffee farm households in Mana woreda faced both production and marketing problems. One of the most frequent production problems encountered by coffee farmers was coffee berry disease. This is exacerbated since all of the farmers are producing organic coffee which excludes the use of fungicides and other chemicals. High number of old trees death and shortage of shade trees; absence of improved technologies or traditional way of production; inadequacy of appropriate extension services with qualified experts; change of weather condition; scarcity of land and shortage of improved seeds and its higher cost were the other production constraints faced by the coffee farmers. The most frequent marketing problem was coffee market price volatility. Transport facilities; lack of price and market information; absence of collective bargaining/price setting; lack of access and availability of credit; middle men interference; theft; and traditional storage facility and packing materials were also the subsequent marketing problems of coffee farmers in the study area. Despite the challenges, there are also opportunities for coffee farmers in Mana woreda. Suitable agro-ecology, accumulated traditional or ancestral knowledge of farmers with experience; better access to infrastructure and proximity to local market places; variety of coffee types suitable for roasting industries; cheap provision of labor; growing domestic coffee consumption and a scope of value added niche product are the main opportunities. Therefore, relevant development programs that participates the farming community under the prevailing farming system should be planned and effectively executed. A number of actions need to be undertaken in order to promote the development of coffee market chain. This particularly includes, capacity building, technological applications and improved extension services. Institutional and organizational support condition is also a key to improve the coffee production and marketing constraints of farm households. In this ground, emphasis should be given to expand transportation system and storage facilities, offering formal credit and effective extension services and strengthen cooperative associations to support farmers in coffee production and marketing.

Value Chain analysis of Cathay pacific

Cathay Pacific is an international airline registered and based in Hong Kong, offering scheduled passenger and cargo services to 117 destination in 36 countries and territories . The company was founded in 1946 and remains deeply committed to its home base, making substantial investments to develop Hong Kong as one of the world’s leading global transportation hubs. In addition to fleet of 128 wide-bodied aircraft, these investments include catering, aircraft maintenance, ground handling companies and the corporate headquarters, Cathay Pacific city at Hong Kong airport. In year 2007 Cathay Pacific increasing their customers year by year. They got highest passenger load and they record passenger numbers with an average load factor of 81.1%. The capacity is increase by 3.9% with the most of the increase towards the end of the year. 2008 was a difficult year for the company. While the business picture was in first half of the year was positive but other half was not successful due to some political reason and higher fuel cost. Because of this reason company got loss in year 2008. In year 2009 was quite good for the company environment. They got profit of HK$4,694. This compares to the loss of HK$8696 from the previous year. In 2009 they try to ensure that standard the face of an unprecedented downturn in business. Let’s see the internal and external environment changes in company environment. During current era they made some changes their strategy and services. Value Chain analysis of Cathay pacific C.P.(Cathay pacific) is one of the branded airline company in air line industry. It always competes with different airline company. It competes with different airlines company for its status and notoriety. Now a days C.P. is underwent for changes its image in market and also try to solve problem. So C.P. is made new strategies to solve problem which they are facing. The main concepts of new strategies are to increase a number of clients and also try to full fill services which demanded by the clients. C.p. management also sure about that this strategies related to services and technologies can be useful to compete against other airlines company. Inbound(internal) logistics: Related to its internal logistics C.P. builds good relationship and mutual aid with its suppliers. Related to this point internal logistics does not affect to its market position so positively. The main reason is that all airlines industry are getting same benefit from its suppliers. Operation Cathay Pacific providing a facility to passengers and they believes that their business are selling experience to the passengers. Loyalty is a main key factor for every business. The main key factor for loyalty is emotional bonding with passengers and this factor is helpful for C.P. to attract customers for repurchase airline products. The biggest dissimilarity of C.P. to its competitors is its people. The C.P. management is always trying to build bond between product development and customer’s expectation. C.P. is always trying to give good services to its passengers and passengers always feel welcomed, respected. The passengers always feel that they are travel in good and safe services. For improving customers services C.P. develop cultural changes within airline. They develop new program like ‘service straight from heart’ for improving customer services. In this program they try to express about its understanding related importance of the people in organization and their contribution in their success. For providing a excellent customer service they using following steps. Generating a atmosphere for positive performance. Recruiting the accurate people and train properly Continual enhancement Services Throughout the world service is main key factor which can adding value of core corporate. All corporations throughout the world are increasing their value by offering various services. Cathay Pacific is always focusing on their services. Main aim of the C.P. is to provide superior services to their customers and to turn in to world most well liked airline. C.P. aware about that quality of service set them in good position from its competitors. C.P. also committed about on time performance to aim, maintaining and growing international route network, and increasing flight frequency to make their position in market They providing their services according to their strategy like “services straight from heart” and they are quite successful in their market. C.P.. Not only fulfill the costumers needs and aims not just to meet, Cathay Pacific goes beyond ensuring satisfaction to strengthen the loyalty of costumers and enhance the profit-ratio of the airline. For achieving a target market position C.P. uses Differentiation. According to this strategy C.P. offers to their customers wide product ranges and higher quality products to customer’s convenience. Technology development: As a technological point of view C.P. is also same as its competitors. C.P. was the first airline who announced to plans to install internet in flight. Then they go for their process and now a days they providing internet to all flights. C.P. was the first to electronically link airbus air craft to its maintenance center. C.P. also invested their money in e-business to become a Asia’s leading e-business airline company. The main idea behind this technology for C.P. is development of e-learning environment of company. Cathay Pacific made rapid progress to becoming Asia’s largest e-business airline. In all this technology C.P. introduced about improvement of passengers experience in three different way Online check in Notify Airport lounges In flight e-mail system Marketing and Sales C.P. always trying to attract new as well as their regular clients by providing them different tour package. Their services always attract customers to travel by C.P. They always try to providing cheap tickets. They generate different discount rate on their tickets. Human resource management The employees in Cathay Pacific are contributing in all new strategy which is developed by company. C.P. have main advantages against its competitors are its quality of services which are providing by its employees. C.P. promotes appropriate training to their staff to develop their employment strategy. C.P. also develop working environment for their staff. Company motivates their staff for their works. Company promote good leader for particular task to achieving a target. Porter’s five analysis Potential Entrants C.P. is prepared for new entrants and they are not greatly affected by new market entrants. The power of potential comers to C.P. is too weak. The main advantage for C.P. against new comers is government policies. They have to only focus their maintenance and low cost for their other expanses. These things are useful for C.P. against new comers in airlines market. Competitive rivalry The main competitors of C.P. are China airlines, Singapore airlines. C.P. is maintain their status in market by providing a best services, services are the main key element for C.P. this strategy gives C.P. to emotional bonding as well as better business relationship. C.P. implemented new strategy by providing a unique flying experience to their clients. Substitutes In this part of the analysis, clients are mainly looking for products in lowest prizes which are introduced by company. Substitute can also in the form of another services that a consumer deems suitable for them necessitate and capabilities. Substitutes can providing high power to company. For C.P. makes substitutes in its different department and it will help to lose other company’s client. C.P. is sure about those substitutes that they won’t give them more problems. Buyer power The main advantage for all consumers in this industry is that buying power. There are lots of companies available in airline industry. So individual buyers have so many options to buy tickets. So C.P. has only the option that they must have to providing tickets in low prices. Supplier power Supplier power is also highly influence in airline industry. Cathay Pacific also concern about this factor. Let’s understand by example. If the fuel price is increases then C.P. have no other choice. C.P. is also increasing their fuel surcharge for each ticket. Mckinsey 7s model: Shared value C.P. always tries to make some innovative in their customers services so customers will take so less time in using their services as a process of transportation. The company sure that some services providing by them is never forgotten by their customers. Strategy C.P. management is always trying to learn from its previous. The only reason is behind is that they want to make their position in market. They always tries to not repeat their past mistake. The other strategy is they make their relation with their customers. They try to make emotional bonding with their consumers so that they can provide services that people will purchase. The other strategy is investing in new and better equipments. Structure Cathay pacific company structure is decentralized. In C.P. company each and every decision are not made by only one person. Each and every department has an authority to contribute their idea on decision. Each and every department shares their ideas before the decision. This decentralized structure helps to take a complete decision that will helps to provide best services. Systems C.P have reconfigure their system to check that weather new system are work as on their planning. And they also get conformed about that they providing services are in positive way. They also changes their system according to their departmental need. Staff Cathay pacific always keeps in their mind that the employees are main need for the company. They consider them as an asset of company. They hire employee according to job needs. They are providing proper and appropriate training to their employee. They also providing good financial and reward to their employee. Skill C.P. Accommodate a particular staff for particular services and the staff have ideas about how to provide best services. Company first checks their performance before providing them job. They also got conformed about all staff member have enough skill to use particular materials during their services. Ansoff analysis: Here is short view of ansoff analysis of C.P. According to this analysis market development is suit their business. Product development is also good for their business. According to analysis, they can maximize their profit ratio in market development and product development. Market development. Market development is mainly define by business aims to sell its existing product in new market. C.P. also made some changes with their product in existing market. They change in interior lay out and configuration of air craft. According to their strategy space is a key comfort variable. pacific market development to moscow Product development: Product development mainly defines by the business aims to sell new product in existing market.. For increasing their customers and loyalty they trying provide more flights with more facilities. Before some time they announced that they will starts flights to Moscow. They also announced that they will starts three flights in a week. They also announced that they will start flight Auckland to Moscow. They also try to develop fastest as well as more convenient flights to their customers. Cathay pacific is also investing into product improvement across the fleet to enhance passenger satisfaction and long term product competitiveness. Cathay Pacific’s Passengers Take The Airline’s Latest Product…-a061797748 Market penitration Market penitration is mainly define by business aim to sell their exisiting product in to existing market. For increasing their sells in the competitive market they make some discount rate on different product. C.P. is the first company who put their airline ticket in auction. They introduce new travel package for their customers. They are trying to introduce to their customers that they are selling complete tour package in low cost. Diversification Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Limited(“Dragonair”),an Asian regional airline registered and based in Hong Kong offering scheduled passenger and cargo services to 30 destinations in 10 countries with a fleet of 29 aircraft, is wholly subsidiary of Cathay Pacific. C.P. owns 18.1% of Air China. Twos analysis: Tows analysis is mainly concern with internal analysis of the company. Strength Diversified geographical spread Youngest fleet of aircraft Strong financial performance Weakness Weak turnover ratio Unbalanced business portfolio Opportunities Growing Asia pacific market Global airline market Threats Fuel prices Increasing competition from low cost airlines Diversification Cost leadership Merge

Human Growth And Development Analysis

assignment writer As a social care worker I have often learned through trial and error what works in the real world, basing my practice on common-sense and not on abstract theories. But I recognise my views are often based on opinion and prejudice rather than evidence-based, peer-reviewed knowledge and as Beckett suggests, “our own theories and ideas about why people are as they are and behave as they behave, are usually quite inconsistent and arbitrary, based on our own experience and on our own needs” (Beckett, 2002:8). Human growth and development theory is concerned with understanding how people grow and change throughout their lives, from the vital early stages to old age, and therefore is essential for informing social work practice. The theory can be applied to a variety of areas within human life and conduct including social, cultural, emotional and psychological, and also, moral, intellectual, spiritual and biological viewpoints. In this assignment I will focus on the psychological and cultural significance of the stages of development in relation to a 12 year old in foster care. Jake, a dual heritage British male, was taken into care 4 years ago following him being removed from his mother Maggie an African Caribbean female aged 32. Jake and Maggie lived in a 3rd floor, 2 bedroom flat in an area where drug dealing and drug related crime is common place. In Jake’s bedroom he had a plastic box for his clothes and mattress on the bare floor with a bucket for a toilet as Maggie would lock him in his room when she went out. Maggie had been using drugs for many years and her previous partner (Jake’s father) introduced her to heroin 5 years ago. She quickly became addicted and the relationship broke down shortly afterwards. Jake’s father has not had any contact or attempted to make contact since the break up. Jake and Maggie had been known to Social Services as Maggie was a victim of domestic violence and spent 4 months in a women’s refuge. Jake has had a number of placement breakdowns and has been unable to form any attachments with any of the foster carers. Jake would often defecate around the house and his last placement broke-down because Jake defecated in the foster carers bed then went on to smear their bedroom walls. Jake displayed difficulties in using a knife and fork and would often get frustrated and either eat with a spoon or his hands. Maggie had been diagnosed as suffering from a severe depression, worsened by her drug addiction. It is thought that whilst Maggie was going through a depressive episode she would physically abuse Jake. Jake was often left on his own for long periods whilst Maggie would be out in search of drugs. When she returned home Jake was subjected to emotional abuse and was often blamed by Maggie for their situation. Jake has been in the fostering system for a number of years and in that time he has not formed any meaningful attachments. Whilst in placement Jake disclosed events and thoughts which alerted foster carers to the fact that there may be some unresolved issues that need to be addressed before Jake can move on with his own growth and development. Jake would often revert to pulling his hair and banging his head on the wall if he felt he had done something wrong and was going to be blamed for it. For example, when he accidentally breaking a cup. Jake is being assessed by CAMHs as he has been displaying behaviour that indicates there may be an underlying depressive mental health problem. Theories of human development have produced explanations about the origins of mental disorder in the areas of psycho-analysis and child psychology, from the early grand theories of Freud and Bowlby and further developed by Klein and Ainsworth. Freud saw psychodynamic theory as a more informative model in relating past psychological events to present day symptoms. Freud believed behaviour is not ruled by conscious processes but conflicting unconscious processes, he saw a person’s psychological processes involving counteracting forces competing in an ‘intra psychic conflict’, a concept shared by many theorists of human growth and development. In Freud’s model a child starts life with specific basic instinctual needs, such as for food or sexual gratification. Internally, the id continually seeks to meet these needs, while the ego mediates between the desires of the id and the restraints of the external world, particularly the demands of significant and powerful adults in the child’s life, such as his mother and teachers. According to Freud these adult figures are eventually internalised in the form of the superego, or adult conscience. The child’s ego attempts to negotiate the competing demands placed upon him, developing his own distinct personality and progressing to adulthood (Freud, 1949). Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development have Freudian psychodynamic origins. The idea that unconscious processes cause conflict within humans is also central to Erikson’s theory. His staged development model is based on the idea that these ‘intra-psychic conflicts’ occur throughout our lives and need to be resolved satisfactorily if we are to avoid psychological distress and mental illness (Erikson, 1995). Erikson’s psychosocial theory of human development builds on Freud’s psychodynamic model, but while Erikson accepts ideas, such as the unconscious, he rejects concepts of the personality which are described exclusively in terms of sexuality. Again, like Freud, Erikson believed childhood was central in the development of personality, but that the personality continued to develop beyond the age of five (Erikson, 1995). Erikson’s psychosocial model describes eight stages from infancy and adulthood. At each stage a person encounters new challenges. If they are not successful in meeting these challenges, they may reappear as problems in the future. However, while each stage presents new challenges, they also provide opportunities to deal with the unresolved issues. In Erikson’s model there is no assumption that one stage has to be fully completed or that the most favourable outcome has to be achieved before moving on. In fact, he acknowledges that it is likely that everyone will have unresolved issues from previous stages and there is a ‘favourable ratio’ between favourable and unfavourable outcomes (Erikson, 1987). However, the more unresolved issues carried forward, “will impede successful progression…an unfavourable outcome in one stage makes it more difficult to meet fully the challenge of the next stage” (Beckett, 2006:42). Erikson’s model proposes a first stage that involves establishing a sense of trust (0 – 1 yrs.). If partly or completely unsuccessful at this stage, then it will be more difficult to achieve a sense of autonomy at the next stage (1 – 3 yrs.), and then more difficult still to develop a capacity for initiative in the next stage (3 – 5 yrs). The next stage in Erikson’s model (6 – 11 yrs) involves establishing “a sense of competence and achievement, confidence in one’s own ability to make and do things” (Beckett, 2006: 43). It is difficult to conclude how successful Jake was able to negotiate previous stages, however it has been suggested that “despite adversities some children are able to develop reasonably well-adjusted personalities demonstrating resilience and normal development under difficult circumstances” (Crawford

Colo Difficulties in Developing the Research Question & Problem Statement Reply

Colo Difficulties in Developing the Research Question & Problem Statement Reply.

DB replies only 100 words a piece Part 1 The Research Prospectus was introduced very early on in the doctoral journey which was useful in establishing an understanding of the components. I have become familiar with many of the areas and feel confident in my introduction, problem statement, and study purpose. The research question I pose needs to be refined and more specific. Through creation of a strong literature review, I believe this is something I will have the ability to refine as I garner more information on the topic and recognize the current research available while identifying if my question assists in bridging a gap in the research. As a result of not having a clearly defined research question other components of the prospectus are not complete and will not be completed until the research question is clear. Despite not having a clearly defined research question, I have developed a hypothesis based on the current literature I have reviewed and believe that I am close to having a more clearly defined research question. In previous courses, the trio and research methods were drafted. The draft of the trio and research methods in prior courses allowed for me to begin to put together my thoughts on my research which as I have previously mentioned is evaluating the effects of health literacy on health outcomes. There were no areas of the Research Prospectus that were new or unfamiliar. I have previously assisted doctoral students in editing their thesis, so I am familiar with the necessary components. I am less focused on the familiarization of the components of the research prospectus and more focused on the literature review and development of my research question. I have started the literature review process in order to gain a concrete understanding of health literacy and health outcomes, including having an awareness of past research and which methodologies were used (James & Slater, 2014). The Doctoral Resource Center houses a variety of resources, the most beneficial resource for further understanding the areas of the prospectus have been the Sage Research Methods. I have utilized the Sage Research Methods as a primary point of reference to understand research methods, clear hypothesis and problem statements. The research question at this point is my focus and as James & Slater suggest, this starts with writing questions from multiple perspectives and understanding that certain types of questions will drive the methodological considerations of the study that support them (2014). References: James, E. & Slater, T. (2014). Do you have some idea how you will study your topic? bridging topic and methods. In James, E., & Slater, T. Writing your doctoral dissertation or thesis faster (pp. 35-54). 55 City Road, London: SAGE Publications, Ltd doi: 10.4135/9781506374727 Part 2 This researcher’s first exposure to the Dissertation Template and Prospectus came in the first course, RES860, Doctoral Research I and at the initial doctoral symposium. Since then, other courses introduced different parts of the template. As a function of those courses this researcher studied each of the required sections and developed an initial trio (Problem Statement, Purpose, and Research Question) although at this point has decided to change the question. This researcher is confident in the trio, abstract, introduction, and the literature review plan. As a part of both RES860 and RES812, this researcher prepared initial drafts of every part of the Prospectus. However, as each part was completed, this researcher learned that there was so much more to the process. One of the steps was to take and obtain the CITI certification in regard to the use of human subjects (CITI Program. N.D.). From a greater perspective, the entire Prospectus is new as a graduate student. Prior to entering the doctoral program, this researcher was completely unfamiliar with this type of document. The section that is the newest and most concerning is the Research Method section. This researcher’s proposed question will lead to a qualitative approach, but even after taking the qualitative research methods class, still has much to learn and understand about the different methods in order to select the best one. The research and dissertation, or the fear of them, is what kept this researcher from starting a doctoral program several years ago. Learning about the Doctoral Resource Center and everything it offered was a huge relief. The process flow chart and associated links to additional information in the Pathway Milestones (University, 2020a) appear to be the greatest tools that will be of the most use. The other tool is the Evaluation Rubric found at the end of the Prospectus template (University, 2020b). This researcher is most concerned with the research method section of the Prospectus. This researcher will continue to study different research methods, consult with fellow students, examine other similar dissertations, and consult with faculty as needed to clarify any unknowns and gain further understanding into that section of the Prospectus. References CITI Program. (n.d.). Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative at the University of Miami. (2020). Retrieved from University, C. T. (2020a). Doctoral Resource Center (b). Dissertation Research & Resources. Retrieved from University, C. T. (2020b). Doctoral Resource Center (c). Develop Prospectus. Retrieved from Part 3 Research Interest: How do managers handle disgruntle employees in a military organization? Research Question: What are the strategies that managers need to implement to handle disgruntled employees in a military organization? Research Problem: The problem addressed in the proposed study is the strategies Managers need to handle disgruntled employees in a military organization (Hasan, 2018). Through careful triangulation, several themes arose. This includes but is not limited to work-life balance agendas effectiveness, the significance of a supportive work environment, employee efficiency, staff job gratification obligation and motivation, the employee well-being work existence, structural ethos modification, and low utilization of the job-sharing program. Work-life balance agendas can aid in recovering philosophies and staff change (Sheppard, 2016). Purpose Statement: The purpose of this is to find different and better ways to handle disgruntled employees in military organizations. Employees are the beating heart of a business. Company owners who employ a devoted staff understand that they couldn’t function deprived of them. Even if computers are promptly substituting much of the workforce, you need employees. Disgruntle, “The Commercial Magazine For People Who Work For A Living, (gives the yearly award on the person or group that best exemplifies or motivates dissatisfied personnel everywhere (Disgruntled names IBM workers disgruntled employees of the year, 1999). Knowing your employees play a vital role in inspiring employees to deliver their level best. Distinguishing employees’ aids managers to comprehend their wants and outlooks from the group. Except and pending, they feel indispensable for the organization, and they’ll certainly not take things earnestly. Short Statement The Doctor of Management -Healthcare Management and Leadership program is designed to stipulate students like myself the chance to improve their capabilities to create optimistic influences in organizations. This degree helps scholars acquire the abilities needed to steer healthcare organizations. My concentration ties in with my research topic because I worked for military healthcare organizations and still do. I dealt with rude and mean managers. Also, employees that were my counterparts created so many issues within the organization. I’ve been on both sides of the fence. When it comes to having difficult employees in your organization and seeing managers having a hard time handling these employees when at times, they can make it difficult because they are frustrated and don’t know how to handle these employees. As a manager, that can be difficult as well when ethics play a part. The purpose of this is to find different and better ways to handle disgruntled employees. References Disgruntled names IBM workers disgruntled employees of the year. (1999, December 30). PR Newswire Retrieved from Hasan, Z. M. K. (2018). Exploring leadership styles of a government agency for organizational sustainability: A case study (Order No. 10839369). Available from ABI/INFORM Collection. (2087780277). Retrieved from… Sheppard, G. (2016). Work-life balance programs to improve employee performance (Order No. 10010911). Available from ABI/INFORM Collection. (1765463932). Retrieved from… Part 4 General Research Interest: This researcher is interested in studying the impacts on businesses and employees of changing to remote work as a function of the COVID-19 virus restrictions. Research Topic: The COVID crisis brought many unexpected and unplanned changes to the business world. This researcher’s interest is in what the impacts on businesses and organizations have been by having to shift a large number of employees who worked at a business location to now working remotely from home. Some of the areas of research may include work productivity and efficiency, changes in revenue or costs, and business and employee satisfaction. This research would consider both positives and negatives of each category. Research Problem: The problem is due to significant changes in the workforce and limitations and restrictions placed on businesses and employees as a function of the global COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic caused changes impacting the workforce requiring many employers to have employees work remotely or not at all. Early data in the United States reports half of US workers being remote and over 35% who used to commute but now work from home as a response to the CORONA-19 virus. (Smith et al., 2020). The information technology field is well suited to remote work (Prasad et al., 2020). Historically, employers have not supported work from home or other remote locations. When forced in response to the pandemic, employers had to implement remote work if only to remain in business as local and state governments mandated facility closures. Most organizations were not prepared to support remote workers from a cybersecurity and information technology perspective (Ahmad, 2020). Additionally, over 1.5 billion learners of all ages globally faced educational institution closures and a shift to remote learning (Bozkurt & Sharma, 2020). This caused working parents to need to work remotely and be home for their children. Purpose Statement: The purpose of this study is to identify the impacts on businesses and information technology employees as a result of the shift from onsite work to remote work. Central Research Question: What have the impacts on businesses and employees been as a function of information technology employees having to shift to working remotely within the information technology field and will the shift to remote employees become the new status quo? Alignment: This research proposal clearly aligns well with the DM – Organizational Development and Change program as it investigates the impact of unexpected and forced change on organizations and employees and could identify successes and failures in this change to help organizations going forward. This degree program helps scholar-practitioners to develop the knowledge, skills, and capabilities to advise and lead organizations through the design or re-structure of the organization and how to plan, communicate, and implement change within organizations. Remote work has been growing in popularity over the past few years. Now that remote work has been forced on many organizations, this research would be of use in organizations determining whether to continue a remote work paradigm, return to on-site, or possibly a hybrid solution. Ahmad, T. (2020). Corona Virus (COVID-19) Pandemic and Work from Home: Challenges of Cybercrimes and Cybersecurity. Available at SSRN 3568830. Bozkurt, A., & Sharma, R. C. (2020). Emergency remote teaching in a time of global crisis due to CoronaVirus pandemic. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), i-vi. Prasad, D. K., Rao, M., Vaidya, D. R., & Muralidhar, B. (2020). Organizational Climate, Opportunities, Challenges and Psychological Wellbeing of the Remote Working Employees during COVID-19 Pandemic: A General Linear Model Approach with Reference to Information Technology Industry in Hyderabad. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), 11(4). Smith, A. C., Thomas, E., Snoswell, C. L., Haydon, H., Mehrotra, A., Clemensen, J., & Caffery, L. J. (2020). Telehealth for global emergencies: Implications for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Journal of telemedicine and telecare, 1357633X20916567. Part 5 What is the purpose of a literature review for a research study? This type of view is a term expended to explain a decided form of information, which the researcher desire to set out by developing atop that base in their project (Byrne, 2017). This determination will also help classify gaps in knowledge and unresolved issues that your research can address. The literature reconsideration stipulates a precis of the critical findings and debates on the topics. Before beginning your literature search, why is it necessary that you have a well-reasoned sense of what types of sources you are seeking (e.g., topical areas, key concepts, theoretical literature, empirical studies)? A student can consume lots of information, but if you don’t consume an idea of the sources that you will use or need, it won’t be easy to move forward and put the pieces together of the puzzle for your research. This is required to establish a factual basis for improving knowledge. It facilitates theory growth, closes areas wherever an excess of research exists, and reveals sites where the investigation is demanded. In the end, this will help you with what sources. How do you know if a source is scholarly? A scholar source is also known as peer-reviewed sources. These kinds of sources are composed of scholars. These can range from books, dissertations, and journals (SagePub, 2020). The readers can sometimes be printed, or they can be electronic. In what way do you distinguish if a source is peer-reviewed? You can look at the journal data to find out if that article is an electronic journal. I must go into different search engines, and I see where I can put a checkmark for peer-reviewed articles. This is a fantastic tool to have and use. Based on your discipline and concentration, what academic databases available to you in the CTU Library are likely to lead you to relevant peer-reviewed literature? I’m in the DM program in Healthcare Management and Leadership. The doctoral library has assisted me a lot and still do. I like how the Doctoral Resource Center has almost everything you need when it comes to templates, diagrams, and other documents to assist anyone on their Doctoral journey. References Byrne, D. (2017). Why do I need to do a literature review? Project Planner. 10.4135/9781526408518. SagePub. (2020). Sage Research Methods. Retrieved from Reviewing the Literature:… Part 6 The literature review serves as the foundational step in the research process as it provides supporting academic, scholarly, and professional materials to showcase the need for a given research topic (Webster & Watson, 2002). In addition to showing the need for the proposed research, the literature review provides a baseline to the reader about what research has already been done and what potential areas of future research exist in the field. The literature review is built upon information from already published studies, articles by subject matter experts or practitioners, and other researchers. The completion of a literature review demonstrates the researcher’s understanding of the material relevant to the proposed study, the recommendations of current experts on the next steps of research, and potential pitfalls in the upcoming research topic. The literature review process can prove challenging and time consuming to even the most seasoned researcher. Without a narrowly defined research question, the writer runs the risk of increasing the scope of their queries, diving down new rabbit holes, thus adding more time to the research process (Montuori, 2005). The expansion of query terms can result in unneeded analysis being performed on material that isn’t part of the theoretical, contextual, or problem-related bodies of knowledge associated with the research topic (Obee, 2020b). Ensuring the research trio – problem statement, purpose statement, and research question – remain aligned and narrow will help prevent literature review scope creep (Obee, 2020a). When it comes to selecting material for inclusion in a literature review, the source of the chosen information must be taken into consideration. Sources of information may include scholarly or professional journals, peer-reviewed research studies, or articles from experts or well-established practitioners in the field. Identifying scholarly information can be confirmed by asking a couple of basic questions (Cooper, n.d.; University of Illinois, 2020): Is the author an expert in their field? Is the article published by an academic institution or university? Does the article follow standard academic paper formatting (IEEE, APA, Chicago) with associated citations and referencing?Was peer-review conducted on the article prior to publication?Is the intended audience the general public or is it other experts in the field? Peer review is another important attribute of a reputable research source. By submitting an article for peer review, the author is having their work examined by other experts in the field. The review panel will decide whether to approve the article, approve with minor or major changes, or reject the article for publication (Tumin & Tobias, 2019). Identifying whether or not a source is peer-reviewed can be done by checking the website for the journal, or inside the publication itself, to see if a peer review policy was made available. Another method for locating peer-reviewed literature is to limit searches to articles that have undergone the peer-review process (Angelo State University, 2020; Tumin & Tobias, 2019). I have found that the doctoral resource center provides a bulk of the sources I will require for my dissertation and research processes (Obee, 2020c). Up to this point, the three databases I rely on the most are IEEE Explore, Emerald, and Sage (Obee, 2020d). Each provides a method to limit searches to peer-reviewed sources. — References — Part 7 In your degree field and concentration area, what are some examples of “practice” and “professional practice” that will be addressed through your research study? Professional practice is the conduct and work of someone from a specific profession. Professions are occupations that require a lengthy period of schooling and training. My degree field is DM in Healthcare Management and Leadership. My research will be in the healthcare sector and leadership area. The healthcare sector is continuously reforming to bring well-organized delivery of safe, effective, and high-quality care. The research will help bring operational leadership, which is wanted and required to lead and drive changes at all heights of the health system to actualize healthcare organizations’ constant improvements. Leadership in the healthcare sector is spread through the management and clinical workforces, creating special tests. The chance to advance in organizational change, management academics by inspecting the accomplishments of transformational leadership through the employees’ view in advanced education as it is connected to leadership outcomes (Jackson, 2016). What do you understand to be some of the unique characteristics of your practitioner doctorate? I am having more knowledge now than I did when I first started my doctoral journey. Healthcare Management and Leadership are evolving and changing more and more each day. You have different outlooks on how healthcare organizations should be and the people who work inside them. Other characteristics that are unique consist of the practitioner are being creative, trustworthiness, selfless, and be attentive, to name a few. A practitioner should be knowledgeable, mature, responsible, as well as being wise. How would you describe someone who embodies the characteristics of the scholar-practitioner? A scholar-practitioner couriers an ideal of specialized superiority grounded in theory and study, notified by experiential information, and inspired by personal standards, political commitments, and moral conduct (McClintock, 2014). A scholar-practitioner has the characteristics of a hardworking individual. Scholar-practitioners are also dedicated to the happiness of patrons and coworkers. A scholar-practitioner is learning ways to be more effective and efficient. What thoughts do you have at this time about your journey from doctoral learner to scholar-practitioner? How will you need to be successful in your future dissertation research? I feel my journey has been scary and still is. I have been overwhelmed with not knowing everything and still trying to figure a lot of things out. I know some students in their third year we’re doing an annotated bibliography around this time and needed 50 sources or close to 150. I would have loved to get the dissertation professor at the beginning. It is a lot and more and more comes at you. I want to soak up all this like a sponge and learn more and more each day. References Jackson, T. D. (2016). The relationship between transformational leadership style and employees’ perception of leadership success in higher education (Order No. 10259228). Available from ABI/INFORM Collection. (1896532064). Retrieved from… Part 8 Degree concentration and examples of practice and professional practice to address research As a scholar-practitioner, the civil society’s perception is to be their subject matter expert (SME) on the research topic. A unique way of becoming an SME of a particular subject area is conducting extensive and thorough research in mobile financial services cyber fraud. There must be the assurance of not leaving a stone unturned about the research study. Achieving a higher degree of expertise will entail conducting extensive research to leverage the acquired experiential knowledge in alignment with the practitioner-scholar paradigm model. Higher academic and operational models are based mainly on a practical application of scholarly expertise (CTU, 2019). In-depth details of the research subject matter will be crucial to explore to cover all essential components of the puzzles to deliver viable solutions critical to the problems (McClintock, 2003). The choice of topic, which is Exploring challenges of cybersecurity facing mobile technologies in financial services, spans all the tenets of professional cybersecurity expertise in the field. As a scholar-practitioner, this professionalism is backed by an extensive academic background in computer science and information technology (IT). Understanding the unique characteristics of practitioner doctorate The uniqueness of the practitioner doctorate’s characteristics reflects the ability to use theoretical and scholarly knowledge to solve practical problems in a real-world situation. It is the act of bridging the academia and practitioner gap in the aspects of professionalism. Ultimately, the practitioner doctorate should possess solid doctoral research work supported with extensive experience in the field. The selected topic reflects these unique characteristics as researching fraudulent and hackers attacks in mobile technologies will require tremendous expertise in the domain. Describing the characteristics of the scholar-practitioner A Scholar-Practitioner is considered as a scholarly elite having the ability to apply simultaneously both research theory and experiential knowledge to drive commitment, personal values, and ethical conduct for the good of civil society. As McClintock (2003) defined, a scholar-practitioner may characterize as one endowed with the ability to reflect on and assesses the impact of his/her work. In conclusion, Benham (1996) noted that scholarly-practitionership characterizes a problem-solving attitude to scholarly practice. The scholar-practitioner must possess a critical vision attitude about things while indulging in unceasing learning to seek and identify productive solutions to unaddressed problems. In refining further, McClintock (2003) deems scholarly practice as the habit of pressing forward continuously while collaborating with and educating others about their knowledge in the respective field of studies. Actively engaging in sharing ideas with the public of practice is one of the critical characteristics of Scholar-Practitioners. The formation of Scholarly-Practitioners represents the only way to combine theory and practice (Donnelly, 2016). The famous social psychologist Kurt Lewin once asserted that “there is nothing so practical as a good theory.” Scholarly theories may be unchallenged when they are not thoroughly tested or achieved perfection by daily practices’ realities. The scholar-practitioner intends to bridge the gap between two powerful worlds concepts, theory, and practice, which may better accomplish terrific things than if they let proceed in diverging directions around the gap. “The work of a scholar-practitioner must reflect a framework of values, behaviors of mind, with the ability to integrate and balance “doing” with “knowing” (Kupo, 2014). The thoughts about the journey from doctoral learner to scholar-practitioner As a scholar-practitioner and being perceived as the SME of research and conducting rigorous and extensive research can reaffirm those characteristics. Attaining a higher level of expertise may require extensive research to leverage the experience and academic knowledge to be considered a practitioner-scholar. Notably, it is an advanced scholarly and operational model focusing essentially on a practical application of theoretical knowledge. An in-depth exploration of the subject matter must uncover all aspects to deliver solutions to critical problems. The doctoral journey is to research topics surrounding Cybersecurity challenges facing emerging mobile money technologies. As a scholar-practitioner, extensive professional computer science and information technology (IT) and educational background would be a good foundation for the doctoral journey. Noting that ability to work away through several difficult challenges successfully is a potential skill that enhances the problem-solving and critical thinking capabilities as leverage to this doctoral research journey. The needs to be successful in the future dissertation research While currently working as a systems integration engineer in a full-time capacity, the busy schedule, pursuing a doctoral degree in Computer Science can be challenging. However, the resources available at the Doctoral Resources Center, coupled with live chat sessions, make the tasks quite manageable. As Zara(2018) notes, to gain the required know-how of the subject, extensive research is paramount to a scholar-practitioner to gather knowledge in the field of studies. As cyberspace is expanding so the cybersecurity protection research must proportionally intensify. Planning and honoring a consistent schedule will lead to successful dissertation research. Part 9 Reflections on Your Study and the Research Prospectus What did you learn as a result of working your way through the Research Prospectus in this course? I learned so much! I didn’t realize how much went into a Research Prospectus, but it makes sense why it is all important. Finalizing my problem statement along with my trio narrowed my focus which made my dissertation less daunting. I started to really feel like a researcher while filling it out and that was exciting. How did this process help you in reflecting upon your proposed study? This process helped me narrow down my dissertation topic and because of this, I realized I needed to change it. I am so grateful that I found this out early on instead of during my last year! It was stressful to update my problem statement and trio, but I feel so much better about my dissertation now that it is done. Which areas of the Research Prospectus process were most difficult for you? Which were the least difficult for you? I had an easier time with my first topic. Once I decided to change it, the time crunch added to the difficulty. I wanted to get the updates finished by the time the next Individual Project was due. The Problem Statement was the most difficult as I needed to properly identify my gap. Once that was done, the trio fell into place. What areas of the dissertation research process do you feel you must still delve into more deeply as you continue your journey from the Research Prospectus stage to the full-blown Research Proposal stage of the dissertation component of your doctorate? I think my Introduction may need some work and my Chapter 2 (Literature Review) will definitely need more work. This work mainly covers gathering all of my sources. My plan is to gather at least a certain amount every month ensure I have at least 150 when the time comes. Evaluate your preparedness for the second year of the program and reaching the end of the second year with your research topic and study process crystal clear. The major hurdle I have at the moment is not having enough sources for my Literature Review. Once I get that taken care of, any other hurdles I have will be small in comparison. Part 10 What did you learn as a result of working your way through the Research Prospectus in this course? The Research Prospectus is this course provided the opportunity to refine my thoughts about the entire dissertation. It also offered an insight into the significant milestone needed to accomplish in the journey toward the dissertation research study. It appears that a perfect Research Prospectus represents concrete proof that demonstrates the achievement of a viable/ideal research problem that aligns the choice of research method, problem and purpose statements, and research question. This course helped the development of the core bases and essence of the research and dissertation journey. How did this process help you in reflecting upon your proposed study? Going through the step by step of the particular topics under the Research Prospectus every week provided a better opportunity to view the individual sections in much more in-depth. This class suggests an approach for developing the introduction and abstract as the final step after writing the research purpose, problem, question, literature review, and methodology, that eased the entire writing process. Although TRIO’s formulation began in the RES860 course previously taken, the process of developing Research Prospectus allows the chance to reiterate and take a closer look and provide a rigorous assessment of the research material. Which areas of the Research Prospectus process were most difficult for you? Which were the least difficult for you? The problem statement and the research question appeared as the most challenging portions of the Research Prospectus process. These difficulties were attributed to searching and attaining a unique problem that would be different from all antecedent research studies. On the other hand, the introduction and abstract portions appeared to be the least difficult, as they were derived based on the already developed or written sections. These least difficult parts entail only the summary of the entire research prospectus document. The areas of the dissertation research process that must need in-depth work as the research continuous from Research Prospectus to full-blown Research Proposal stage of the dissertation Even though the problem statement and research question appear concise, it may still require some serious refining. The research prospectus represents the backbone of the core research study; it provides the dissertation’s foundation, which may develop into a full-blown Research Proposal. Except for the abstract, all other parts of the research proposal will require in-depth development as the research advances to the dissertation journey. The essential portion would be the continuous research on a literature review to obtain a more detailed background understanding of the research problem. Evaluate your preparedness for the second year of the program and reaching the end of the second year with your research topic and study process crystal clear. The learning so far acquired in Research Proposal appearing as Research prospectus provides a solid foundation for the second-year program’s pursuit. The course touching each section of the entire research dissertation exemplifies a perfect recipe for the doctoral journey. With the research prospectus, the study process has become crystal clear to move forward in the dissertation writing to accomplish the excellent ending of the second year of the doctoral journey.
Colo Difficulties in Developing the Research Question & Problem Statement Reply

SSH 104 LGCC Western Civilization from The Renaissance to Modern Times Essay

SSH 104 LGCC Western Civilization from The Renaissance to Modern Times Essay.

I’m working on a history discussion question and need a sample draft to help me study.

In many ways, Western thought, perspective, and understanding dramatically changed at the end of the nineteenth century. This week we are going to look at some of those changes, which led the West into both the light and darkness of the 20th century. This is the age of more sophisticated industrialization and the onset of what scholars call “modernity.” One can see these dramatic changes in the thought of philosophers, the experiments of scientists, the era’s works of art, and ultimately, the tremendous shift in the way in which we understand the universe. In this era, we see monumental advances in technology that would shape and shift the very environment in which we live. We also see a certain recognition among some of the West’s most notable thinkers that perhaps we do not really live in the world of positivity and progress once dictated by the Enlightenment thinkers. Psychologist Sigmund Freud posits that while he tends to believe in the efficacy of reason, modern man suffers from many irrational tendencies. Friedrich Nietzsche embraces the irrational, concluding “God is dead” and those late-nineteenth-century human beings are on their own, with nothing but their “will to power” to guide them. Finally, Albert Einstein toppled many of the thinkers of the “Scientific Revolution” with his theory of relativity, in which space and time became one. We are going to focus on these three thinkers this week as well as the concept of modernity itself. This trio of thinkers had a tremendous influence on the ways in which we interpret the world and our own humanity. You might ask just what is irrational about human beings? In the coming weeks, we will ponder that, as we watch much of the world plummet into horrible bouts of war and destruction. In other words, the twentieth century.Our primary document will be different than stated on the syllabus this week. I am presenting you with a wide selection of quotations from Nietzsche’s Will to Power and asking you to select a single quote to comment on. Please read as much as you can before selecting a quote so you can gain a broader knowledge of what Nietzsche’s all about. He is often crudely interpreted, and I would like you to seriously think about his thoughts, so to speak.Part One I am asking you to choose one of the following topics to write about: Sigmund Freud’s psychology, Albert Einstein’s physics, Modern Art, or the topic of “Modernity” itself. If you choose one of the two thinkers, start your post out with some brief biographical material and then demonstrate how that thinker’s work broke with the past. In other words, these were revolutionary thinkers. In what ways were they revolutionary? If you choose Modern Art, or “Modernity” do something similar. How did either break with the past? What were the differences between pre-modern art and modern art? Or, how do you define “Modernity” and how did it break with the past? Must be 250 words or more. Part TwoBegin your post about Nietzsche with some biographical information. Then choose a quote from Will to Power to respond to. The lengths of the quotes vary but I am not concerned with the length of the quote you choose, just make sure to choose something that will enable you to write 250 words. The quotation itself will not be counted as part of your post. You must write 250 words about the quote itself.References: Western Civilization A Brief History, vol. II Since 1600. Eleventh Edition…… Watch “Inside Einsteins Mind”
SSH 104 LGCC Western Civilization from The Renaissance to Modern Times Essay

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