Organizational Structure at Nokia. Organizational Structure at Nokia As of October 1, 2009 the organizational structure at Nokia was extremely mobile and flexible. Figure 1 – … Nokia’s organizational structure is horizontal and it allows for greater flexibility and speedy communication channels between different departments. The devices unit looks after the development and management of mobile devices portfolio which is targeted at all major consumer segments. The solutions department ensures that it continuously develops solutions whereby ensuring that a particular mobile device has integrated contents and personalized services and the output of these three components results into a leading mobile phone for the end user. The solutions unit works with other departments in close proximity to provide such solutions. The services department creates and designs internet services that enhance the consumer experience when Nokia phone users interact with the web. The main areas where this unit focuses on include messaging, maps, music, and Ovi developer tools. This department also ensures that there is a consistent increase in different services as the market evolves. The other significant department is Markets which acts like a supply chain department for Nokia. The unit is also responsible for sales channels, branding and marketing activities for various products and services. The corporate development department looks for future growth opportunities and it also plans for future strategic actions that will give the company a competitive advantage against competitors. This department also provides operational supports to other core departments such as Devices, Services, Solutions and markets. Nokia Siemens Networks is a joint venture with Siemens and it provides network infrastructure which is both fixed and wireless. This division also provides communications and networks service platforms. Finally, the last major division is NAVTEQ; this unit is a provider of detailed navigational maps and digital map data automobile navigation systems, navigation systems for mobile devices, internet mapping applications and mapping solutions to government and other businesses. NAVTEQ is an important part of Nokia’s operations since it provides downloadable maps and other content that will enhance the experience of consumers who use Nokia’s smart phones. Corporate Governance The way authority and responsibility is organized at Nokia it shows that the company is exemplary in its approach towards corporate governance. The company’s strategic and significant natured decisions are made by the board. These matters might include strategic guidelines, approval of periodic plans and decisions on major divestments or investments. The company charter, article of association and Finnish Companies Act determine the roles and responsibilities of all directors and executive members. According to the auditors and company information strict guidelines are followed in terms of code of conduct and ethical behavior of each employee. Similarly the company complies with all stock market requirements of the Helsinki stock market, New York and Frankfurt stock exchanges. The company provides all necessary data to authorities at NYSE because the under the rules any firm that complies with its national laws must file any differences that exist between its national laws and the laws to be followed under NYSE. Competitors of Nokia Corporation Nokia’s direct and major competitors include Motorola Inc, Cisco Systems Inc, Research in Motion, LM Ericsson Telephone Co., and QUALCOMM Inc. The company faces stiff competition in the business oriented mobile phone market from RIM’s Blackberry series. Nokia’s E-series phones are geared to compete with the Blackberry series. Similarly the company faces challenges from Samsung and Motorola in the touch screen phone markets and the latest Android based phones that offer efficient and extremely user friendly interface to consumers. In the navigations and maps market Nokia, like the traditional manufacturers such as Garmin, TomTom, faces tough competition from the Google and Apple partnership that will make the iPhone the ultimate navigation and smart device for this generation. The difference between this navigation process that iPhone will offer is that consumers wouldn’t need to download maps for a price or they would not need automotive navigations systems rather they would use their smart phones as navigation devices at very low rates. For the year 2009, Nokia’s market share remained flat at around 38% in the global handset market after consumers continue to encourage Apple’s iPhone in favor of the N series that Nokia is offering. Nokia also faces competition from Ericsson mobile phones in the music phones; Sony Ericsson’s superior voice quality and speaker quality give its phones an edge over Nokia’s Express music series. Industry Outlook for 2010 ??????? The expectations of the company for 2010 are considerably flat in terms of the performance of its various divisions. Overall the mobile device industry is expected to increase by about 10% in 2010 in terms of volume compared to 2009. For the year 2010 Nokia expects its mobile device market share to be flat compared to 2009, a similar sort of expectation also exists for Nokia and Nokia Siemens Networks as the venture sees a minimal increase in euro terms for the mobile and the fixed infrastructure services market. Importance of International Markets to Nokia Corporation ???? In 2009, out of the total sales from the company Europe accounted for 36%, China’s share was 16%, Middle EastOrganizational Structure at Nokia
Table of Contents NAMBR: A Summary United Arab Emirates: Demographics The Social Needs of the UAE The Problem to Be Addressed and Existing Solutions NAMBR Solutions Benefits and Drawbacks of NAMBR References NAMBR: A Summary NAMBR is a recently established consulting company that provides business ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) advice. The company is focused on applying business methods to the promotion of the social and environmental well-being of people. NAMBR’s mission consists of providing benefits to its community. The founders of the organization recognize their duty of producing a return on investment, but they believe that the term can be expanded to include various beneficial outcomes. In this regard, the improvement of the well-being of the community is another form of return. United Arab Emirates: Demographics The demographics of the UAE are peculiar. As reported by the World Bank Group (n.d.), the population has been growing since the 1960s. However, between 2003 (when the UAE had about 3.7 million people) and 2013 (when the UAE had a little over 9 million people), the population experienced extreme growth. Since 2013, the increase has been less steep, and as of 2017, the UAE was estimated to have over 9,400,000 people. According to the Central Intelligence Agency [CIA] (n.d.), the UAE population grows at a rate of 2.37% nowadays. Also, the CIA (n.d.) reports that the ratio of males to females in the UAE is 2.18. In other words, men greatly outnumber women in the UAE. When considering mobility, it is important to note that the increase in the population is attributed to immigrants. The net migration rate in the country is the ninth highest in the world (CIA, n.d.). Furthermore, the proportion of Emirati in the country is small. In 2005, it amounted to slightly more than 20% (Government.ae, 2017c). However, in 2017, Emirati constituted only 11.6% of the population (CIA, n.d.). According to CIA (n.d.), the largest group in the UAE is the Indian people (38.2%). Additionally, there are Egyptians (10%), Bangladeshi, and Pakistani (over 9% each), as well as some other nations. From the religious perspective, the county is predominantly Muslim (76%); 9% of the population is Christian, and some other confessions are also present (CIA, n.d.). According to the CIA (n.d.), the median age in the UAE is 30 years, and life expectancy amounts to over 77 years. The country has good literacy statistics (United Nations Children’s Fund, 2013); 94% of the population can read and write (CIA, n.d.). According to CIA (n.d.), the unemployment rates are very high among females (21.8% in 2008); for males, they are slightly below 8%. According to the data of 2014, 3.6% of the country’s GDP was spent on healthcare (CIA, n.d.). The most recent statistical data on disability in the UAE comes from the 2005 census; according to it, over 30,000 people were disabled back then (Federal Competitiveness and Statistics Authority, 2017). The most frequent issues included vision, speech, or hearing impairments. The country has been implementing the means of protecting these groups of people (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights [OHCHR], 2016). The UAE government recognizes the needs of its population (Government.ae, 2017c; OHCHR, 2016), and appropriate policies are being drawn. The Social Needs of the UAE The social needs of the UAE are associated with the issues that are present in the country. For instance, there are ongoing attempts to meet the needs of seniors, especially those related to medical and other services (Government.ae, 2018d). People with disabilities are being integrated into modern life, but the policies that would help them with employment are still a draft (OHCHR, 2016). Healthcare expenses have been growing (Bedir, 2016), but the government reports the need for an increase in the numbers of nurses and physicians. Additionally, multiple specific health issues are a problem for the country, including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and smoking (Government.ae, 2018c). Furthermore, animal rights awareness is still being developed by the Emirates Animal Welfare Society (Government.ae, 2018b). The UAE is also in the process of developing a sustainable transport system. Thus, the needs of the UAE seem to be relatively generic (health, vulnerable groups, and so on), but they are affected by the specifics of the issues experienced by the country. The Problem to Be Addressed and Existing Solutions In the circumstances of increasing healthcare expenditures, NAMBR has decided to focus on a preventable and treatable issue that can be solved by a variety of public policies and initiatives: obesity. In 2016, almost a third of the UAE population was affected (CIA, n.d.), and the country’s population has become the fifth most obese in the world (Ibrahim, Awadhi, Shaban,
Abstract Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to review on how casino gaming at Marina Bay Sands in Singapore can be used to maximize the benefits for tourism destinations, the country’s economic growth and what the impacts on the society are. Findings: If properly structured, casino gaming can provide benefits for tourism destinations hence improving on the economic growth. Impact on the society could be lessen if preventive measures are taken beforehand. Practical implications: By having a casino in a country, there are many stakeholders involved in the process of doing so. Example of such stakeholders are the regulators, conditions of alcoholic beverages and suppliers, licensees, vendors, and other agencies will need to work closely together in order to make a success out of it. Overview: Modest and little it might be, but Singapore took an even more surprising plunge into yet another tourist attractions; casino. Towering the world’s most expensive standalone casino and resort, the most glamorous and integrated Marina Bay Sands cost a whopping £4 billion and was due to complete in year 2009. However owing to some financial setbacks and rising construction cost, it has but no choice to open it phase by phase and the grand opening was scheduled on the 27th April 2010. Marina Bay Sands is marked with three 55-storeys hotel towers which are connected by a one hectare sky terrace on the roof which is called the Sands Skypark. This incorporated resort is being developed by none other than the Las Vegas Sands. Discussions Right from the outset, each and every casino gaming in the world has different market segments- some might be targeting the young players but mostly is the middle-aged and elderly players. The same concept applied here at Marina Bay Sands as well with the enforcement of the levy entry rules for the Singapore citizens and the permanent residents of Singapore. An entry fee of SGD$100 is charged for a 24 hour entry levy whereas for the annual entry levy cost SGD$2000. Through this law, the Singapore Government aims to discourage locals from gambling too much but to attract foreign tourists instead. According to Ki-Joon Back and John Bowen (2009, pp.392-395), they stated that, “Casinos designed to attract tourists or enhance tourist destinations provide a socially responsible form of gaming, if they are properly conceived and implemented.” This means that casino must create positive value for their target market if they intend on segmenting their market people. In general, it appears that the entry levy implemented by the Singapore Government is the first attempt in restricting locals from entering the casinos. This clearly shows that the core purpose of building this casino resorts is to provide benefits for tourism destination, where in this case is to promote on Singapore itself to the foreign visitors. Indirectly casino gambling also increases job employment and the standard of living in that very country. According to Walker, Douglas M. (2007, p. 7), “When a community is considering legalizing casino gambling, one of the major benefits expected is an increase in local employment and the average wage rate.” Having this said, it means that the locals could benefit through the jobs offered to them by big corporate from established hoteliers, restaurant proprietor, and many others. All this could be explain using the “Multiplier Effect” theory as this tourism not only create jobs in tertiary sector but promote on the growth of primary and secondary sectors as well. A very good example could be seen in the management of a hotel industry. In general, when a hotel is develop in a country, it creates job opportunity directly from the hotel. Consequently the hotel needs to buy food from the local farming industry, basic necessities and all sort of minor things too. Circuitously this increases the demand for local products such as handmade souvenirs from the indigenous tribes or any other Singapore-made goods, which in some way increases the secondary employment in the country. Another effect of legalizing casino gambling in Singapore is the potential in flow of capital into the country. Building of the casino itself in Singapore is the first attempt of the capital inflow by the Sands Developer. Once the casino is established, many other big firms will try to enter the market as well. As forecasted by Singapore, following the completion of this casino, they intend on having six celebrity chef restaurants to be brought into the Marina Bay Sands. At present, The Marina Bay Sands Celebrity Chefs’ Press Conference had already showed a glimpse of the soon-to-be-open restaurants over there. One of it would be the renowned Waku Ghin which was first established in Australia. Increased in tax revenues also plays an important part in the economic growth of Singapore. Generally, casino tax is computed based on the Gross Gaming Revenue (GGR) from the games conducted in the casino. There are two types of taxation executed in the casinos in Singapore which is divided into the premium players and the other players. The range of the casino tax rate varies from 5% to 15%. All these contributes to the economics of Singapore vastly and it is forecasted that approximately 15% of rise in the first quarter of the Gross Domestic Profit (GDP) in year 2010 as a result of the development of Marina Bay Sands. Not forgetting is the entry levy charges impose on all Singaporeans. An article on AsiaOnE, reports that as of May 2010, $70 million worth of entry levy has been collected. This was just three months after Singapore’s first casino at Resorts World Sentosa opened in February 2010. Therefore, Marina Bay Sands is also predicted to have the almost, maybe similar results in the coming months. This totally proves that casino gaming does indeed help improves on the economic growth of Singapore on the whole. It is a no denying that many countries that have legalized casino for the benefit of the state’s economic can bring social cost to the said country. Some people even perceive the casino industry as an evil industry that brings crime, addiction to gambling and other social costs or negative externalities. Just like the case seen in Macao gaming industry, it is just a matter of time that Singapore will end up with the same fate and such if preventive measures are not taken seriously. According to the researched done by Rich Harrill, Muzaffer Uysal, Peter W. Cardon, Fanny Vong and Leonardo (Don) Dioko (2010, pp. 1-3), they mentioned that “â€¦residents can be divided into two groups – gaming supporters and gaming opponents.” Using this as a benchmark for Singapore’s tourism, the Government should always be aware of the resident’s feedback on the casino gaming industry. Recent studies over there also concluded that the residents at Macao mostly show mixed emotion towards the gaming industry. Most of the residents perceived this industry in both positive benefits and negative impacts. The positive benefits would be because of the job employment whereas the negative impact would be the rising of the crime rate. Discrepancy of the results showed also mostly depended on the destination and the market positioning that the Government is trying to portray. Singapore which is promoting on the MICE (meeting, incentives, convention and exhibition) tourism is indeed trying to portray its country as a specialized area with its own trade shows (IMEX) and practices. However it is important to note that opponents of casino gaming, on the other hand, claim that increased social costs, including crime and problem gambling, outweigh the economic benefits. Casino gaming which is often associated with problem gambler could result in a huge impact on the rate of divorce and child abuse in the country. Based on the work done by Goodman (1994, pp. 63-64), he mentioned that: Impaired judgement and efficiency on the job, lost productivity of spouses, unrecovered loans to pathological gamblers, divorces caused by gambling behaviour, added administrative course in programs like unemployment compensation, the cost of depression and physical illnesses related to stress, lower quality of family life, and increase suicide attempts by gamblers. This clearly indicates that casino gambling does impact immensely on the society. Actions should be taken beforehand by the Singapore Government to prevent such things from happening in the future.
The Behaviors Apparent for Each Disorder ODD and ADHD Ryan Case Study
The Behaviors Apparent for Each Disorder ODD and ADHD Ryan Case Study.
would become very upset and throw temper tantrums when he could not do as he wished. He just seemed to be an unhappy, irritable child. This behavior continued in school. As time progressed, Ryan was diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder, because he continued to refuse to listen to adults and comply with the rules.By the age of 12, he has begun to bully and annoy others. His parents have decided that the approaches they have used in the past are not working, and they are more afraid his behavior will only get worse.Initial PostProvide explanations for these questions and statements:Describe the behaviors apparent for each disorder in this scenario (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Oppositional Defiant Disorder).If this behavior becomes worse and Ryan starts to violate the rights of others, what medical diagnosis will be given and why?Discuss at least two types of medication appropriate to treat Ryan and support your choices with rationale and credible resourcesDescribe why therapy for the parent is important in this scenario including at least two supporting rationales.Response PostsReview the posts of two classmates.In each post identify new knowledge gained.Describe how this new knowledge will impact your nursing practice including specific examples and credible resourcesPlease make your initial post by midweek, and respond to at least two other student’s post by the end of the week. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.
The Behaviors Apparent for Each Disorder ODD and ADHD Ryan Case Study
Health services discussion/ culture discussion
online assignment help Health services discussion/ culture discussion. Can you help me understand this Health & Medical question?
“The Use of Technology and improving health care.”
How does the use of technology improve the overall quality, safety, and efficiency of health care delivery?
How does technology and health IT contribute to data monitoring, predictive analytics, and performance improvement (decreased errors, better clinical and organizational outcomes, and better information quality)?
What are some of the ways that health care administrators can facilitate/support/improve data and information quality, and decrease data and information errors? Provide two (2) specific examples.
Our second chapter deals with two horrific issues in American history: 1) the treatment of the now free 4 million new African American citizens and 2) the treatment of the Native American population as the US pushed towards the Pacific Ocean. Choose two examples from each and compare how each group was treated by the US after the Civil War.
Health services discussion/ culture discussion
ECN 490 Saudi Electronic University Principles of Microeconomics Essay
ECN 490 Saudi Electronic University Principles of Microeconomics Essay.
Regulations: This assignment is an individual assignment to be submitted in a word file.Students are encouraged to use their own words. Students must follow Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines. Support your submission with course material concepts, principles, and theories from the textbook, along with at least two scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles.A mark of zero is awarded for any submission that includes copying from other resources without proper referencing it. Write at least 4-5 pages in length, excluding the title page and required reference page, which is never a part of the minimum content requirements.It is strongly encouraged that the student submits his/her assignment into the Safe Assignment Originality Check before sending it to your instructor for grading. Plagiarism is NOT be tolerated. All assignments will be auto-checked for plagiarism. If you are found to have more than 15 % similarity with previous work, you will be graded zero in your assignment Q1. Firms in oligopoly must constantly think in terms of how other firms in the industry will react to whatever they do. Why do they have to do this? Why is it that firms in perfect competition and in monopoly don’t have to worry about how other firms will react? (5 Marks) Q2. Governments are frequently tempted to introduce price ceilings in markets. Use an example to explain why this is not such a good idea, at least when markets are competitive. Give some ideas as to what the government could do instead in order to help consumers in these markets. (5 Marks) Q3. If perfectly competitive firms are price takers, and monopolistic, monopolistic competitive, and oligopolistic firms are price searchers, then it follows that three times as many firms in the real world are price searchers than are price takers. Do you agree or disagree? Explain your answer. (5 Marks) Q4. Critically analyze the following statement with views of your own: “There is no substitute for an airline pilot: Someone has to fly the plane. Therefore, an increase in the wage of airline pilots will not change the number of pilots used by the airlines.”(5 Marks) Note: For all your answers support your views/opinions with at least two to three scholarly references, and a word count of 400-500 words for each answer. Learning Resource: Chapters 7, 8 & 10 of the Text Book O’Sullivan, A., Sheffrin, S. M., & Perez, S.J. (2014).Survey of Economics: Principles, Applications, and Tools. (6th).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Print version: ISBN-10: 0-13-294885-0 or ISBN-13: 978-0-13-294885-2.Digital version: ISBN-13:978-0-13-13-9370-7. End of Page
ECN 490 Saudi Electronic University Principles of Microeconomics Essay
The Four Shipping Markets Economics Essay
Shipping industry’s playground is a unique similar in some structure of other markets where commodities are sold or purchased on one platform. Shipping market structure is distinct . The structure of the market is determined by its characteristics like “the supply of service being offered,the type of the product,the number of operators,the barriers to entry or exit,the number of consumers demanding the service.”(Mc Conville 1999). Some theories describe these market forms using different models ranging from perfect competition to Monoply. Shipping services is provided by four closely related markets,although trading in different commodities. Even though the segments vary in character and purpose, they still compete for cargo and they all operate within the Four Markets of Shipping (Stopford, 2009). The unique mechanism of this market is that it is almost unpredictable,however ” the best commercial opportunities often arise when the markets behave inconsistently”. (Stopford, 2009) The four shipping markets According to Stopford (1997) the shipping industry can be divided into four markets, the: 1. Newbuilding market – where ships are being ordered 2. Freight market – where they are being chartered (used for transportation) 3. Sale and purchase market – where they are being sold to other ship-owners 4. Demolition market – where they are being sold to scrap yards Key features of shipping markets:- The Newbuilding market The new building market brings new ships into the shipping industry and sends cash out of the market as materials, labour and profit. The newbuilding market is trading ships that are not yet built in other words the ship’s keel may have been laid. Hence, once a ship is ordered, it will take up to four years to get ready for its sea trials. By this time the entire market conditions may have been changed. It is therefore important to have good prediction of the future before ordering. Reasons for a buyer to choose to order a new vessel instead of buying a pre-owned one can vary, but in most cases it depends on the prices and also depends on the owners design criteria. The prices of the newbuilding market seems, according to stopford(2009), to be just as volatile as the sale and purchase market, hence at some occasions the newbuilding market can have lower prices than the second-hand market. The freight market The freight market is seen as one single international market divided into sub markets for different types of ships . According to Stopford (2009), there are two different types of transactions in the freight market, the: Freight contract where the shipper buys transportation from ship-owners at a fixed price per ton of cargo. Time charter where the ship is hired on a day-to-day basis Depending on which sector the shipowner and cargo holder meet in, there are different types of contractual agreements used when “sealing the deal”. How the costs and responsibilities are shared between the shipowner and shipper will settle the type of contact to be used (Stopford, 2009). ·€ Voyage charter: The shipowner transports the shippersâ€Ÿ cargo from A to B for a fixed price per ton. ·€ Contract of affreightment: The shipowner transports a series of cargo parcels for a fixed price per ton. ·€ Time charter: The charterer is given operational control of the vessel carrying his cargo while the shipowner still has ownership and control over the management of the ship. This can either be arranged for a single trip or as a period charter. ·€ Bare boat charter: The charterer has full operational control of the vessel, but does not own it. This is usually arranged for longer periods (10-20 years). ·€ Freight derivative contract: The contract is arranged against an agreed future value of a freight market index. The ship is fixed after all the formalities of type of contract and when the freight rate is agreed between the two parties.The procedure is simple, a ship-owner has a vessel for hire, a charterer has a cargo to transport, and a broker puts the deal together. (Stopford, 1997) The Sale and purchase market The remarkable key feature of this market is that the second-hand ships are traded like sacks of potatoes at a country market. The participants are a mix of shippers, shipping companies and speculators and shipbrokers play an important role in dealing with transactions. Trade is between the ship owner and an investor who usually is another ship owner so the cash does not leave this market and therefore from the industry. The ships may be for sale because they are too old or do not comply with industry’s regulations, or the owner may be cash strapped or has decided to change company’s portfolio. Ship prices are very volatile, and the value depends on the freight rates, age ,inflation and expectations. The Demolition market It is the recycling market of the shipping industry. This market can be compared to the sale and purchase market, but the difference here is that the buyer is a demolition yard and not a shipowner. When a ship-owner is no longer able to sell a ship S