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Organization behavior analysis of Merck Company Inc

Organization behavior analysis of Merck Company Inc. Introduction Organization behavior analysis refers to the systematic approach in studying and application of human behavior as individuals or groups within an organization their behavior and the effect this behavior impacts on the organization and its goals. It is the analysis of individual and group behavior within an organization. It enhances better relationships to achieve human objectives, organizations objectives and social objectives. The organization’s values goals and culture are all linked in such a way that there is integration between the employees’ personal goals and the organization’s goals. Organizational behavior analyses relationships between variables (McKenna, 2001). The concept of organizational behavior is based on the theory that the environment dictates the human behavior (Duncan, 1982). It covers a wide range of topics that include human behavior, change, leadership and performance. It involves analyzing behavior from an individual level, a group level and an organizational level, where the three are somehow integrated. The analyses results to more efficient and effective organizations. The company: Merck Company Inc. Organization behavior includes analyzing behavior that results from external environmental forces. A merger and possible lay offs are factors that would have an impact on Merck’s employees behaviors and this behavior would have an impact on the organizations productivity. This essay will address these topics in relation to the changes in Merck’sOrganization behavior analysis of Merck Company Inc
Discussion post two.

Post an executive summary of your Comprehensive Project in the body of a post in this discussion (please do not use attachments). An Executive Summary is a one-page document that outlines the purpose, process, findings, discussion, and findings of a report submitted to management. CEOs often read and assess an Executive Summary before deciding to read the entire report, so this must be high quality narrative that demonstrates the significance of the work undertaken, the objectivity of research and analysis underpinning the report, and the credibility of the resulting conclusions.Note: The project is based on an article about “CEOs and presidents” (of your choice) for a management journal.
Discussion post two

open intermidate distrubance hypothesis.

The Intermediate Disturbance HypothesisECOBEAKER #2 ALTERNATE ACTIVITYWhat is an ecological disturbance?• A sudden, temporary event that causes a pronounced change in an ecosystem• Examples of natural disturbances include heavy storms, flooding, forest fires, hurricanes, and earthquakes• The effects of disturbances on ecosystems depends on their:• Intensity – how much of an effect each individual event has on the ecosystem • Frequency – how often the disturbance events occurWhat is “ecological succession”?• Process by which the community of species living in an ecosystem changes over time• The time for succession to occur varies by habitat as well as by the starting conditions• Can take anywhere from several years to several decades• Large-scale succession (e.g. after mass extinction events) can take several millenniaSuccession – key terms• Pioneer species – The subset of species that begin the process of succession; generally hardy species that can survive in barren environmentsClimax community – the composition of species that would eventually populate an environment during the last successional stagePrimary succession – Succession starting on newly-formed habitatSecondary succession – Succession starting on previously occupied habitat that had been recently cleared of organismsQuestion Set AGive an example of anthropogenic (human-caused) disturbance (1).The process by which ecosystems repopulate after a disturbance would best be described as (primary/secondary) succession (1).Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis• A hypothesis stating that the highest levels of biodiversity for an ecosystem will be achieved when there is an intermediate level of disturbance occurringQuestion Set BWhy would high levels of disturbance result in lower biodiversity? (2)Why would low levels of disturbance result in lower biodiversity? (2)Which succession term best describes the community composition that would be seen in conditions resembling the left side of the IDH graph? (1)Working with Real DataThe following dataset is from an ongoing research project on San Clemente Island (SCI) which is characterized as a California grassland.In 2012, there was a lightning ignited wildfire on SCI which spread across the grassland. However, the fire was stopped by a large road with no vegetation that slowed the spread.This created a natural experiment: burned and unburned areas in the same ecosystem located very close to each other.From 2013-2017, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the San Diego State Soil Ecology Restoration Group (SERG) monitored the changes in the plant community in the burned and unburned (control) plots. Working with Real Data• We have provided a subset of this data to look at how the intermediate disturbance hypothesis works in this ecosystem.• We have provided plant density data (number of stems) for four common plant species.• Sipa pulchra (STIPUL) is a perennial native grass and many of the USGS and SERG researchers were hoping the wildfire would increase the population.• Bromus hordeaceus (BROHOR) is an annual, nonnative, invasive grass and researchers are attempting to control its spread on SCI and across Southern California.• Lepidium nitidum (LEPNIT) is an annual flowering plant native to the west coast of North America.• Erodium botrys (EROBOT) is an annual, nonnative, invasive flowering plant common in much of North America. It thrives in disturbed landscapes. Fire in 2012 Fire in 2012 Fire in 2012 Fire in 2012Question Set C:Compare/contrast the population densities for burned and unburned plots for each species (1)Hypothesize why some species perform better after a disturbance. (2)In addition to fire, what are other factors that may be contributing to the population fluxes? (2)Fire in 2012Question Set D:Describe the pattern in the Shannon Diversity (H index) over time. How does this pattern differ between disturbed and undisturbed plots? (2)Describe how to calculate the Shannon Diversity Index. Why is this an important index to measure? (2)Hypothesize what would happen to the diversity index if there was a fire every year. (1)Real Data (2012-2017)Simulated Data (2018-2021) Fire in 2012Annual FiresQuestion Set E:Hypothesize what would happen to the Shannon Diversity Index if a fire occurred every five years? Every ten years? Do you think there is an optimal period between fires in this ecosystem to maintain biodiversity? (2)Why is maintaining biodiversity important? (2)The U.S. Forest Service has been actively suppressing forest fires since the early 1900s. How might these efforts have changed the biodiversity of forests in the U.S.? (2)Within the framework of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis, how might climate change affect biodiversity? (2)
open intermidate distrubance hypothesis

ECE 465 GCU Social Studies Resource Guide for K 3 Level Teachers Bibliography

ECE 465 GCU Social Studies Resource Guide for K 3 Level Teachers Bibliography.

Social Studies Resource Guide for Teachers Some of the concepts in social studies can be abstract and may seem more theoretical and less practical for an early childhood teacher. To make these concepts relevant in ways that are personal and important to the early childhood learner, early childhood educators must identify resources to provide a foundation or experience that improves the background knowledge of learners.For this assignment, create a resource guide for new early elementary teachers in your district. The guide will include a variety of developmentally appropriate social studies tools and resources, such as books, movies, charts, posters, worksheets, activities, websites, games, technology tools, etc. The tools and resources in this booklet should be current, ensure accessibility and relevance for all students and should maximize learning of the standards.Select a grade level K-3 and identify at least three social studies standards for that grade on which to focus. Select at least three social studies tools and resources for each standard that integrate cultural background, personal knowledge, family, and community of the early childhood students.Include in your resource guide:Cover page that includes a title, a brief introduction or purpose of the booklet, and an appropriate graphic.A page that lists the grade-level and the three social studies standards you have selected.Description (50-150 words each) of selected tools and resources including:Potential instructional application of each resource and how it aligns to standardsHow each resource/tool ensures accessibility and relevance for all students and maximizes learning of social studies content in varied contextsHow each resource/tool integrates the cultural background, personal knowledge, family, and community of early childhood students.While APA style format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.This assignment uses a rubric. Review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.Due Date: 09-Aug-2020 at 11:59:59 PM Due sunday
ECE 465 GCU Social Studies Resource Guide for K 3 Level Teachers Bibliography

A Case Study Of Michelle Mone Management Essay

cheap assignment writing service The entrepreneur life of Michelle Mone is almost too good to be true, more like a fairy tale story. But if one digs dipper he will find that the life of Michelle Mone has been full of up and downs. However despite all the odds she manages succeed in a very competitive industry. In a world where everybody aspire to be successful and also where industries are very competitive, entrepreneurs inevitably break the ice and succeed. It might be because of their courage in venturing into a competitive or existing industry, that and the fact that they succeed in this business that some consider them to be “superheroes” (Burns, 2007). Who then is an entrepreneur? Many definitions exist that describe an entrepreneur and there are some differences, but the similarities are more. In citing Shapero (1985) Burns (2007) define an entrepreneur as one who has the “judgement ability to identify probable opportunities depending on two critical antecedents-perceptions of desirability and feasibility from both personal and social viewpoints”. This definition is quiet suitable as a description of Michelle Mone entrepreneurial characteristics but in other to understand her better we will further discuss her, therefore this paper is poised to unravel the entrepreneurial life of Michelle. It will look at her biography and how it has contributed to her success; most importantly it will discuss what made her business opportunities unique and breakthrough. Furthermore BIOGRAPHY: The personal characteristics, life experiences and the environment of an entrepreneur appears to play a significant role in shaping his entrepreneur life and this must be why Barringer and Ireland (2008) disagreed with the myth that “entrepreneurs are born, not made”. But they went further to contend that some entrepreneurs do show some intelligent characteristics at a young age. Michelle Mone has shown an entrepreneurial flair and organizational skill even at a tender age of ten, she was able to organise her friends into providing breakfast with newspapers. However in her case she did not have a normal youth when circumstances force her to quit school at the age of fifteen so as to support her parent due to an illness that made her father paralyse. So when at fifteen her age groups are thinking of normal things like shopping, Michelle was modelling in order to cope with family responsibility. Destiny has planned a different thing in Michelle life, which is good because it can be argued that it has shape her life for future challenges. Soon afterwards she quit her job in modelling and decides to start a career in a more conventional and business system; she got a job with Labatt Breweries. At almost the same time she got married and was juggling career and a family life especially after the birth of her daughter. Within two years of working with Labatt Michelle has move up the ladder from an office junior to become the senior marketing and sales manager, this can be attributed to the fact that she is very hardworking and always has a passion for her job and life. Unfortunately working in Labatt’s did not last long as the company was acquired by another company and Michelle was made redundant in1996. One will certainly assume that if she was not made redundant her life will have been different, however because some situations change a person life. Burns have (2007) noted unemployment seems to have a strong catalyst on the zeal to become self-employed. Michelle described what she thinks of her redundancy now “For me, as one door shut, another opened.” Bolouri (2009) Many things in Michelle life can be said to have contributed to her entrepreneurial journey and we will further see the impact it has made on the choice she made. This essay will discuss the entrepreneurial life of Michelle using the elements of the entrepreneurial roadmap (Lockett, 2010) which are depicted in the diagram below. OPPORTUNITY RESOURCES PROCESSES TEAM LEADER We have described a bit of Michelle Background that gives an insight into how she became a leader, however in order to understand her better there is need to look at how she is able to spot an opportunity and start her business. IDENTIFYING AND RECOGNISING AN OPPORTUNITY Michelle did not recognise an opportunity after doing research or investigation as some entrepreneurs are known to do and is usually refer to as externally stimulated opportunity (Barringer and Ireland, 2008). Rather it was more like an inspiration after an uncomfortable experience while attending a dinner party, Michelle describe it as “I was wearing a low-cut dress with a wonderbra beneath which was hurting and very uncomfortable. Then the idea just popped out of my brain, I got it!!! I knew what I was going to do- invent the perfect bra” Begg and Ward (2007) And that was what Michelle did; in order for one to appreciate and understand the risk that Michelle took, then a look at the lingerie industry will provide an insight. The history of brassieres date back to the period before Christ (BC) where the ancient Greeks women are reported to have worn it, additionally the history of modern bra is said to have started in the year 1907. So when Michelle was having her inspiration the bra industry is nearly a century old, furthermore it is also a competitive and saturated industry with all kinds of small and big players. With all this one can assume there is nothing new to discover or add to the modern bra. However Michelle Mone took it upon herself to invent the perfect bra with no prior knowledge about brassieres, the words of her husband when she told him about her idea eloquently describe the risk Michelle took. His response was “For God’s sake what do you know about bras?”‘ (Begg and Ward, 2007) Michelle was not deterred by her husband response and she went further to start planning. This is a true entrepreneur spirit, an entrepreneur is somebody who can spot or create an opportunity and is able to take action that will fill that opportunity gap, but in doing so takes a risk. Michelle took this opportunity to heart and put in all of her energy and determination into it, especially when she realizes that she does not have the qualification to get another job. She also understood that there is a problem hitherto that needs to be solved and she decides to do that. Using the business model for entrepreneurial process will capture the journey of Michelle mone, Idea is to invent the perfect bra. Recognise a niche for selling a very comfortable cleavage bra The Invention and Launching of silicone gel bra This saw the birth of one of the successful lingerie company in the world called MJM International own by Michelle and her partner (husband) Michael. It is quite surprising to note that all this happened in the same year she was made redundant, the process of idea recognition and the registering of the company occurred between October and November 1996. INNOVATION PROCESS After having the entrepreneurial idea and opportunity recognition, Michelle committed herself to do entrepreneurial journey by registering her company. However she is yet to have her product on ground, she therefore marshalled all the resources and energy into research and development for three whole years in order to come up with the revolutionalizing product in a process one will term the innovation process. There is a debate that the true entrepreneurs are those who invent something new, however very few agree with this thought. Barringer and Ireland (2008) have observed that the impactful innovations are those who will solve a problem or satisfy a new need. In her own unique way Michelle has tried to solve the problem of uncomfortable cleavage bra, this process took her to Germany where she team up with a scientist who is knowledgeable about brassieres. The quality of a good entrepreneur is somebody who knows when to look for the right people that are likely to the job better than the entrepreneur. In her own words Michelle recalls the journey. “It took me three years to invent the bra and we ended up remortgaging the house three times,” The Telegraph (2009) At the end Michelle and the scientist were able to create the first ever silicone gel bra, this is indeed an achievement because it is first of its kind, what is unique about her product its versatility because the gel allows and mimic the movement of the breast. In reality the product is just like other lingerie brands but because an innovative process has seen the addition of something new, that is silicone gel which cannot be found in other brassieres and so in essence is very different. Michelle has set out to create the most comfortable bra, this saw the creation of a bra called ULTIMO. Finally Michelle has achieved her dream of creating the most comfortable bra, but one cannot but wonder what is a generally acceptable definition of a comfortable bra is to consumers. The taste, preferences of consumers varies and what one considers to be comfortable might not be the case for another. Moreover the process was not without its risk, as Michelle has to borrow significant of money to finance the project worth £410,000, secured against equity in the house and a series of unsecured loans through family borrowings and credit card (Stevenson, 2009).And so the next phase of Michelle journey begins, was she successful or not? Has she taken a risk that will consume her and her family and which will yield no fruit? MICHELLE ENTREPRENEURIAL AND BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY After successful creating the product, what remains is for her to launch it into market. Her product is certainly the best among its type but nobody know about it. One of the characteristics of entrepreneurs is recognising their strength and weakness. Michelle realizes that she will not be able to sell her bra if she opens her own shop, because it will involve a lot of resources. Additionally she understood that having a good distribution channel will be key to her success, therefore she took a very wise decision to have her products sold in some establish stores by taking her prototype to fashion giant Selfridge (Stevenson,2009). A major feature of an entrepreneur is to convincing investors to believe in their idea, in her case Michelle task is in convincing stores to sell her product that it is worth the effort. Selfridges accepted her offer and what remains is the launching of ULTIMO. However before the ultimo’s debut Michelle described how scared she was because the moment of truth has come, it is all or nothing, furthermore she has just given birth to her daughter. She recalls On August 20, 1999, Michelle was in London, shaking in her shoes and about to launch the ultimo cleavage brain inside Selfridges. (Bolouri, 2009) She need not have been scared because the launching of ultimo bra was reputed to have been the biggest and successful bra launch in the UK as more than 5O photographers attended the occasion which saw the broadcasting of the occasion all over UK, US and Europe, but most importantly the store sold 6 weeks stock of ultimo within 24 hours (motivational,). Business was good as ultimo has been received with open hands and the ultimo brand image was further boosted when the famous actress Julia Roberts wore the bra in her Oscar winning awards film Erin Brokavich. Michelle marketing and sales experience has been critical to her success because she But as is normal to any growing business there are some critical incidents that can test the strength of the business and tenacity of an entrepreneur. In her own case a Canadian distributor has run away with about a £600,000 of the business money making the business in debt with the bank, subsequently they were given 2 weeks ultimatum to pay their debt (Stevenson, 2009). Michelle recollects the moment in their office when her partner and husband Michael had ask her “Are you going out there to tell our staff that they’re out of a job?” Tears running down my face, I answered no, lifted the phone to – BEG”. (Stevenson, 2009) Michelle was only able to save MJM International from bankruptcy 15 minutes away from deadline, the role of social networking played a critical role. Her brief meeting and contact with the chairman HSBC global earlier on in a lunch meeting was providence. Michelle was able to convince Sir Tom Farmer to refinance MJM International (Edinburgh festival, 2007). Another incident was more directed at the person of Michelle when she was attack and hurt by a thief, he drove away with her car. Social capital has played a big role in Michelle life, because she had the support of her family, friends and the society at large, because of her humble beginning the local people feel some sort of kinship that the local. As such she is considered to be a local celebrity. Her lack of education is not an issue has not affected her creativity and passion and it’s not important. Michelle has envisage her dream, created a vision for her and her team making her a successful entrepreneur and leader (Burns, 2007) Innovation is crucial source of competitive advantage (locket, 2010) DIMENSIONS DRIVERS S

Writing Question, writing homework help

Writing Question, writing homework help.

need a paper work 5 pages long include cover page and reference, APA format, font 12, running-head (abrev the title), number insert, body is 2-3 pages long include introduction and conclusion.Broad topic: ProstheticsWhat about: Benefits in Medical fieldWhat specific: AmputationKey Q : how can prosthetics help people who has amputation (Thesis statement with reason 1, reason 2, reason3 types)Body paragraph: F.I.R.E.S. (facts, incidents, reason, examples, statistics)Paragraph 1 is called introduction that includes the thesis statement, general points about the topic, no quotes.Paragraph 5 is the conclusion that you mention reason 1, reason 2, reason 3, no new information, strong memorable last sentence.
Writing Question, writing homework help

Rutgers University Evolutionary Adaptation Essay

Rutgers University Evolutionary Adaptation Essay.

Cosmides and Tooby present the example that dung flies liking the smell of dung while humans hate the smell. Behind this example is an insight into the processes of evolution, both in terms of its time course and in terms of what adaptations do for us. Using the dung example or another one, explain, in a 2 page paper, why the time course and function of evolutionary adaptations are relevant for understanding why some of our thought processes are adapted to a hunter-gatherer society instead of to the industrial, technological age that we live in.Please use 12 pt. font, double spaced with in-text citations and a reference page
Rutgers University Evolutionary Adaptation Essay

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