On July 12, 1974, the National Research Act (Pub. L. 93-348) was signed into law, there-by creating the National

On July 12, 1974, the National Research Act (Pub. L. 93-348) was signed into law, there-by creating the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. One of the charges to the Commission was to identify the basic ethical principles that should underlie the conduct of biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects and to develop guidelines which should be followed to assure that such research is conducted in accordance with those principles.” -The Belmont Report
Instructions:
After reading the Belmont Report, briefly explain the three basic ethical principles involved when conducting research with human subjects. In addition, please articulate which principle you believe is most important along with your justification.
Your paper should be at least one page and include at least two references. All papers must be formatted in the APA Style (7th edition) and have a title page and references page.
Your assignment will be graded on the following criteria:
• Assignment Requirements
• Analysis and Presentation of Ideas
• Research Appropriate Material
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Geology,Large benefits to marine fisheries of meeting the 1.5°C global warming target,Translating the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5°C above preindustrial level into impactrelated targets facilitates communication of the benefits of mitiga

Geology,Large benefits to marine fisheries of meeting the 1.5°C global warming target,Translating the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5°C above preindustrial level into impactrelated targets facilitates communication of the benefits of mitiga.

Answer the two parts/questions below for Ocean Life topic. 1) Summarize the main highlights and themes of the articles you read. You can use more references than the ones I provided you to help with your explanations. Please include a list of any other references you use outside of the group I gave you. 2) What things could be done to help improve the climate change problems of your topic? Give examples of methods proposed or actually used to help improve your climate change issue. Explain how your topic could impact the environment of California. Figures and tables are not included in 2 page text limitation. You can include as many figures and tables as you want. Your essays should be well written, organized and concise.

T he effort required to achieve the Paris Agreement target of limiting global warming to 1.5°C relative to the preindustrial level appears to be substantial (1). Demonstrating the benefits of moving toward the Paris Agreement’s target may encourage countries to commit more ambitious plans for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and promote voluntary actions from private sectors (1, 2). Climate change is affecting marine biodiversity and ecosystem services such as food provision, posing substantial risk to the well-being of coastal communities (3–5). Quantifying the relationship between fisheries impacts and global surface warming (and thus cumulative carbon emissions) enables us to estimate the benefits of meeting the Paris Agreement target (Fig. 1). We analyze the outputs from 19 Earth system models used in the Fifth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that participated in the Coupled Models Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6 (strong mitigation) and 8.5 (high emission) scenarios (see supplementary materials). We evaluate the relationship between the projected global mean atmospheric surface warming between 1950 and 2100 and changes in oceanographic variables that drive changes in marine ecosystems (6, 7). The focus of our analysis is on the system of large marine ecosystems (fig. S2), which host more than 90% of the global catches and most of the diversity of exploited species. We find that global warming scales nearly linearly with ecosystem drivers at the sea surface averaged over all large marine ecosystems in all individual models under both RCP 2.6 and RCP 8.5 (6, 8) (Fig. 2; see supplementary materials)

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Gender Justice: Female Genital Cutting

On July 12, 1974, the National Research Act (Pub. L. 93-348) was signed into law, there-by creating the National Gender Justice: Female Genital Cutting.

 In a 4-page essay discuss the following: 1. What ethical issues are involved in FGC? 2. How would a utilitarian, a Kantian, a virtue ethicist, and a rights theorist evaluate the practice of FGC? What factors would they consider when determining whether or not FGC was an ethical practice, and what would they most likely decide? (Remember: They will likely come to different conclusions for different reasons.) 3. What is your position on FGC? Do you believe that FGC should be considered wrong? Why or why not? With which moral theory does your position most closely align? Do not use any sources other than the ones assigned. Use of other sources will result in an F. Global Ethics Routledge Widdows, Heather Chapter 2, and case study chapter 3

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Environmental research skills – Sampling terrestrial invertebrates

Environmental research skills – Sampling terrestrial invertebrates.

There should be TWO components to your report / write-up:

1. Construct a table of the advantages and disadvantages of the five types of trap (Pitfall, Water, Window, Malaise, Light) that you have seen demonstrated in the practical and list the main ‘target groups’ that each one is primarily intended to catch. Your table should follow this general format (see attached instructions for write up file for this).

2. Download the Excel workbook from Study Direct containing the whole-class results for this practical. The results for each of the two trap types can be found on separate worksheets within the workbook. 
Examine the WHOLE-CLASS dataset (i.e. for all groups, not just your own group). Sum the data for ALL THE INVERTEBRATES in each of the 25 coloured WATER TRAPS. Produce appropriate graphs of the results for (a) the different colours, and (b) the different locations/positions, with fully labelled axes, a legend and an explanatory title. Remember to add error bars if you use histograms. Use your knowledge of statistics from previous courses to test whether the total number of invertebrates caught in the traps is significantly affected by (i) the positions of the traps* and (ii) the colours of the traps. Briefly describe the results of your analyses and then write a short discussion based on what you have found. If possible, support your conclusions with reference to previously published studies on invertebrates sampled in water traps.

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The Everyday Use Critical Response

The Everyday Use Critical Response.

 Readings For this assignment, read all six articles listed below and use them to complete the critical response. Book Articles Preview the document (click the green link): William Ferris, “Reflections on Writing and Women’s Lives: An Interview with Alice Walker” (492) Barbara T. Christian, “‘Everyday Use’ and the Black Power Movement” (492-494) Mary Helen Washington, “‘Everyday Use’ as the Portrait of an Artist” (494-496) Gale Packet Articles Preview the document (click the green link): Elisabeth Piedmont-Marton, “Overview of ‘Everyday Use’” (43-45) Nancy Tuten, “Alice Walker’s ‘Everyday Use’” (45-47) Houston A. Baker Jr. and Charlotte Pierce-Baker, “Patches: Quilts and Community in Alice Walker’s ‘Everyday Use’” (47-50) The Gale packet contains a great deal of useful information, including an author biography, story summary, notes on character and theme, historical background, as well as critical articles. You are only required to read the articles listed above. However, if you are finding any parts of the story hard to understand, the other information in the packet can be a very helpful supplemental source. Directions Read the critical articles on “Everyday Use” (above). Open a Word file. First, type a short excerpt from each of the articles. These should be sentences that you found interesting or insightful, the kind of writing you might find helpful to quote in your Unit II Essay. Under each excerpt, explain why it’s helpful for understanding the story. Did it help you understand a character or theme better? Did it make you realize something about the story that you didn’t before? Was there some interesting piece of historical or cultural information that really stood out to you? Don’t use any direct quotes from the story that are included in the articles. The purpose of this assignment is to look at the articles’ analysis, so that’s what you need to quote. If you use story quotes, you won’t receive credit for those portions of the assignment. Be sure to give specific page numbers for each of your excerpts. The author’s name and the page number should be placed in parentheses at the end of each excerpt. Ex: (Washington 495) If you need help visualizing the assignment, look at the sample critical response.Preview the document Guidelines Each excerpt should be 1-2 sentences in length (six excerpts total). Each explanation should be at least 75 words (six explanations total). All six excerpts and explanations should be submitted as one Word file.

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