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Ok folks, let’s answer the age old question: If it’s legal, is it ethical? As senior management, should we care? Economist Milton Friedman once said: “. There is one and only one social responsi

Ok folks, let’s answer the age old question: If it’s legal, is it ethical? As senior management, should we care? Economist Milton Friedman once said: “. There is one and only one social responsi. There is one and only one social responsibility of business–to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits so long as it stays within the rules of the game, which is to say, engages in open and free competition without deception or fraud.” Friedman didn’t even believe in charitable contributions by organizations, let alone ethical sourcing, etc. What say you? Ok folks, let’s answer the age old question: If it’s legal, is it ethical? As senior management, should we care? Economist Milton Friedman once said: “. There is one and only one social responsi
I’ve included a rough draft of an essay that I started but know that it needs lots of work. I hope that this gives you an idea of what I’m trying to convey. I don’t want to make my essay sound negative but I want to point out that my years in middle school were difficult but nonetheless they helped to shape me for my long journey into high school. High school gave me a sense of independence as I gained control of my academics again. In middle school, I struggled with my grades and was not in a happy place because I felt like I was failing not only myself but my classes and my family, although I had my mom and my older sister’s support. I felt like I was in quicksand and could not get back up no matter how many times I tried. Eventually, I attended an academic enrichment program that was designed to prepare me for high school and college. What can I say it changed my life. I entered high school and have been an honor student since then. I have gained my self-esteem back through the different activities I am involved in like cheerleading, choir, book club, youth ministry, community service, volunteer work, and now I am currently on the prom committee. As I reflect on my past I have come to the conclusion that no one should ever doubt themselves and that nothing is far-fetched. I’ve gained the confidence that i needed to take on the world. Thank you so much for taking the time to help me:) this essay should be 5 paragraphs. An introduction, 3 bodies and a conclusion.
Texas A&M University Kingsville Aspects of Knowledge Management Discussion.

Answer the below question with 300 words and two replies with 150 words each. You should have a total of 3 posts.Carefully review and use either of the book options below as a reference for various aspects of knowledge management.Sharda, R., Delen, D., & Turban, E. (2015) Business intelligence and analytics: Systems for decision support (10th ed.). Boston: Pearson. Print: ISBN-13: 978-0-13-305090-5Sharda, R., Delen, D., & Turban, E. (2020) Analytics, data science, & artificial intelligence: Systems for decision support (11th ed.). Boston: Pearson. Print: ISBN-13: 978-0-13-519201-6Important Note: All students are welcome to use outside research in aspects of knowledge management.After reading and analyzing content from book references and or from outside research, consider respond to the task and case below.Make a list of all the knowledge management methods you use during your day (work and personal). Which are the most effective? Which are the least effective? What kinds of work or activities does each knowledge management method enable?Now think about methods to communicate this knowledge using various methods of communications in major work environments and investigate the impact of turning off every communication system in a firm (i.e., telephone, fax, television, radio, all computer systems). How effective and efficient would the following types of firms be: airline, bank, insurance company, travel agency, department store, grocery store? What would happen? Do customers expect 100 percent uptime? (When was the last time a major airline’s reservation system was down?) How long would it be before each type of firm would not be functioning at all? Investigate what organizations are doing to prevent this situation from occurring.
Texas A&M University Kingsville Aspects of Knowledge Management Discussion

Muriel Rukeyser Influenced the World Through Her Writings Discussion.

After reading the authors’ biographies and poems, select two poems and discuss the characteristics and viewpoint of each poem’s narrator. Describe how you envision each narrator based on lines of poetry. Choose three aspects of each narrator to discuss, such as age, stature, personality, interests, hobbies, fears, passions, social economic status, or beliefs.In your post, be sure to quote each poem at least once. As in all of your writing for this course, remember to be original in your writing. Do not simply retell information you learned from this week’s sources.
Muriel Rukeyser Influenced the World Through Her Writings Discussion

​Operation Management problems

​Operation Management problems.

Operation Management – Waiting Lines Homework Assignment – Some assistanceBOOK: Jay Heizer and Barry Render. Operations Management, Flexible Edition. 10thEdition.Here is a link for the book:https://drive.google.com/file/d/1LeBBcIUs5UkOS3fvx2nXdo06dN8FfwXt/view?usp=sharingInstructions: Work the Practice Problems for Waiting Lines homework assignment – some assistance:Please read and review the Waiting Lines homework assignment – some assistance carefully, before you start solving these problems. Then, upload your answers in a Word document. You must show all your calculations work, or credit will not be given!Work the problems in this document. They make you use one or more of the models you have studied. Figure out first which model is relevant; then use the formulas and charts to obtain the answers for the performance measures asked about.Problems 68-71 use 5 machines. See Table D.8 in the book on page 601.Some tips for Qs #7 & #8:Let’s start with #7. This is an M/M/1 (page 591)The first thing that you need to figure out is how many vehicles are “out of service,” which is the number of vehicles in the system, which is Ls. The problem statement says that it costs $150 per vehicle per day to be out of service. So, the “cost” of the number of vehicles out of service is Ls x $150There is also labor cost per day. The total cost per day is therefore the labor cost plus the cost of the vehicles that are out of service. Now for #8. This is an M/M/S (page 594)- more specifically, an M/M/2 (two crews)You do the cost in the same way as in #7, but with different formulas. Figure out Ls, then multiply that by the cost of the breakdown ($150) – this is the machine cost of the system. Then you add labor cost like you did in #7, then that is the total cost.The challenge on this one is to calculate Ls. Look at the formula on page 594. To calculate Ls, you first need to do Po. M=2, arrival rate = 8, service rate = 11.Calculate Po, then Ls, then do the machine and labor costs!
​Operation Management problems

Dangers of Nuclear Power Essay

write my term paper Power is important to human beings as it is used for many purposes. All the sources of energy have their own drawbacks even those considered to be safe. For instance, energy sources like hydropower have their limitations although many people consider them to be safe. However, developing nuclear alternative energy sources such as nuclear energy is more dangerous than using the fossil fuels as sources of energy. This essay will discuss the dangers of nuclear sources of energy by focusing on Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster and Chernobyl nuclear meltdown. The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster resulted from an earthquake that caused nuclear reactors to shut down. After the earthquake struck, action was taken immediately where control rods were fixed at the nuclear plant to stop the nuclear reactions. The external supply of power to the nuclear plant was disrupted by the earthquake. Disruption of power supply was a dangerous occurrence in the nuclear power plant. During the first hour of power disruption, diesel generators reserved for emergency cases were used to supply power. However, the arrival of the tsunami filled the generators with water causing them to stop functioning. Tsunamis had occurred in different areas but the one that hit Fukushima was unexpected. The engineers responded by using the containment structure to store everything. Failure of the diesel generators as a result of flooding forced the engineers to use reactors run by batteries. However, the batteries sustained the reactors for eight hours after which they went off causing the amount of residual heat to increase beyond the limits. At this moment, there were speculations that core meltdown was likely to take place due to increased temperatures. However, it was still not possible but the most urgent action was to look for a way of dealing with the core as heating continued (Turk

Does Prison Work For Offenders?

Introduction Prisons, most commonly known as correctional institutions, have been an integral part of Criminal Justice System along with Police and the Courts (Griffiths, 2007: 3). Even though prisons and sentencing varies from country to country, they all operate in same manner i.e. to sentence criminals and prevent further damage to the society. Offenders are usually sent to a prison when a legal penalty is imposed on them. Prison is considered to be as the last resort. In past few decades, prisons have been a controversial topic. Recent trends have shown disapproval of prison system by public (Griffiths, 2007: 64). There has been lots of debate on whether prisons are effective or whether they are ineffective in making criminals law-abiding citizens. This essay opens with a discourse of what prisons are in general, looks at analysis and evaluation made by scholars, criminologists, and sociologists on potency of prisons in Canada as well as provides insights into possible reforms to enhance prisons effectiveness. According to Christianson (2002: 1168), “A prison is any institution or device that holds a captive in custody”. Prisons have been in existence since ancient times. They didn’t serve as a form of punishment back then but rather were just used to hold individuals until they receive their punishment which included beheading, death penalty and public shaming. Crime and punishment are both public acts. Ancient punishments were cruel and harsh but today punishment is used as a form to make all offenders or criminals’ law-abiding citizens including prisoners. In modern prisons, criminals are deprived of their freedom and they must follow all the protocols, rules and regulations set by the correctional institutions. Jails and closed structures are also considered as part of prison but they just hold individuals for a day or two while they await their trail (ibid: 1168). Slavery was another form of imprisonment where a slave must abide by his/her master (ibid: 1168).International Prisoner Trade and Convict Transportation during seventeenth century which was selling criminals to America, Australia as slaves marked criticism, which leads to enlightenment along with American Revolution and finally put a stop on International Prisoner Trade in eighteenth century (ibid: 1169). Jails, what we call prison today, were first modern structure ever built in Colonial America (ibid: 1169) and early eighteenth century marked modern foundation of prisons. Contemporary institutions came into existence in nineteenth century. They first originated in United States of America (Goff, 2004: 278). Prisons hold convicted offenders who have been sanctioned to be there by the judges. In Canada, there are two levels of prisons – Federal Level and Provincial/Territorial Level. People serving two years or less go to provincial or territorial prisons whereas inmates serving more then two years go to federal prisons (Griffiths, 2007: 294-297). Correctional System in various countries operates in same manner but the incarceration rate between all countries is very dissimilar. According to Statistics Canada (Internet), about 158,000 people were serving some sort of sentence in 2008 in Canada compared to other countries which is comparatively low. Canada holds 116 per 100,000 populations compared 702 of United States of America (Griffiths, 2007: 289). Compared to size of country and rate of incarceration, why is the prison population going up despite the best effort made to rehabilitate offenders? Does prison work? Is correctional system effective? Prisons have gone fundamental changes since they first came into existence. Punishment has become very essential for law that’s broken. People are always given some sort of punishment if they break any law. There have been lots of issues with prison recently. Criminologists, Sociologists and various scholars have debated both on success and failures of prison. Lots of scholars argue that prisons doesn’t rehabilitate offenders, it rather makes them bad. Other scholars argue that prisons are really effective and they are an essential component of criminal justice system along with society and helps in improving all those who have committed crimes. This paper is going to discuss which opinion is more valid and true. Canadian Correctional System Canada’s prison system first originated in early 1800s. Kingston Penitentiary was first prison ever to open in Canada. Canada’s prison has vastly grown since then. Today Canada has about 215 facilities all over Canada ranging from federal prisons to provincial/territorial prison (Goff, 2004: 259). Correctional System plays a significant role in keeping the community safe. There are three general models laid out the foundations of Canadian Correctional System: The Custodial Model, The Rehabilitation Model, and The Reintegration/Risk Reduction Model (ibid: 265-266). All the models emphasize on prisoner’s incarceration for purpose of deterrence, ideal treatment of all offenders and reintegration into the society. According to Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics Profile Series, there are few very common and general themes among the population in custody. Most of the prisoners are either black or aboriginal and are substance addict. Most of them are men and many of them suffer some sort of psychological disablement (Griffiths, 2007: 292-293). People who have committed property offences, addicted to drug/alcohol, failed to pay a fine go to provincial/territorial prison whereas people convicted of serious offences such as murder go to federal prisons. There are various security levels of prison in Canada including maximum security, medium security and minimum security (Goff, 2004: 267). Factors such as severeness of offence, level of danger to society, prior criminal record, substance abuse, and psychological impairdness determines level of security and type of prison an offender is going to (Mathews, 2003). Regardless of best efforts made by Correctional institutions to reform the prisoners, there has been constant debate both in favour and effectiveness of prison. Next part of this paper will discuss arguments and counter-arguments regarding success of prisons. Prison Does Work Based on research done by many authors, scholars, criminologists, sociologists, various survey agencies, some evidence has been presented on success of prisons. They argue that prisons are effective. According to Goodman (2006), who was former diocesan director of education as well as former chair of Independent Monitoring Board, prisons are effective and help prisoners changing from criminals to law-abiding citizens. Public can play a big role in make their life better. Prisons offer very special courses such as anger management courses to rehabilitate them. Intensive courses are also offered to help prisoners overcoming their drug problems. According to the Economic Theory of Crime, developed by Becker, offenders are different and each of them offends due to different reasons. Theory has been tested in various countries and has indeed provided positive results. Punishment does exercise substantial influence on conduct. (Saunders et al, 2002-03: 4). Prison well wishers also argue that the courses that are being provided to the inmates have changed their thinking from criminal side to a law-abiding citizen. These courses include educational and treatment programs, adult basic education, skills development program which helps in shaping their behaviour. Rehabilitation programs have been really effective as they focus on targeting specific problem areas. Rehabilitation programs include pro-criminal attitudes, problem solving deficit, creating educational and employment opportunities (Ore et al, 2003: 62). Prisons are effective as they rehabilitate prisoners along with deterrence. Also it has been suggested that police arrest rather than reported crime to police should be used in minimizing bias in comparative studies across countries regarding success of prisons (ibid: 62). In addition, what varies from country to country is which crimes are considered for incarceration. Saunders and Billante further defended this point by arguing that prisons deterrence effect does reduce crime. Co-relation between crimes rates and incarceration doesn’t prelude success of prisons (Saunders et al, 2002-03: 8). For example, in Canada, criminal law is same throughout the country but dispensed differently on provincial levels. Charles Murray mentioned in his work that prisons do work and are effective. He used USA as an example and described how high incarceration rates in USA led to low crimes between 1980’s and 1990’s (ibid: 5). He further added that even if crime is low, incarceration must be kept high and prison can definitely put halt on crime, that’s the main reason why crime rates in United Kingdom were up the roof. Dulilio further expanded Murray’s point by saying that prison is an answer to question of how to deter crime (ibid: 5). Crimes in Australia and New Zealand have escalated because of an ease on imprisonment. The New Generation correctional facilities have been praiseworthy. They have dramatically reduced the escapes and violent acts in prison. The direct supervision model has also been considered really valuable. There are six different objectives attached to it along with seven behavioural dimensions that supervise the inmates in pods (Goff, 2004: 268-269). Other custody options or alternatives to imprisonment have had mixed reviews. No accurate numbers have been released whether they have been considered to be far more successful than incarceration, especially treatment approaches and community-based programs (Griffiths, 2007: 278-279). Restorative justices have high review rates. According to Goff (2004: 345), “Restorative Justice refers to activities within the criminal justice system that are directed at repairing the injury to the victim and the community”. It’s one of the central features in Canadian criminal justice (Griffiths, 2007: 272). Believers of our system hold the fact that sanction must be proportionate to the crime. It’s different from Utilitarian Goals and Retributive Goals (ibid: 237). Offender must realize what he/she has done and how he/she has disturbed society as whole and should apologize to the victim for his/her actions. One of the main goals of this type of sanction is to avoid the offender from going thorough the criminal justice process and then be sent to prison. Circumstances, intentions and motives of offender are always taken into consideration. This type is totally based on restitution. According to Zehr (1990) this process rebuilds relationships and restores peace. Prisons Don’t Work Counter-argument for potency of prisons is failure of prisons, that is, prisons don’t work. Criminologists have argued that a prison doesn’t alter criminal behaviour and there’s a very high likelihood that inmates will re-offend once they finish their term and leave prison. People have encountered brutality and unfairness in prisons. According to Frank, Beirie and Mackenzie (2010: 93) prisons don’t alter criminal behaviour, but they rather often promote criminality. They are generally delegitimizing. Prisons are considered schools of crime. Emotions play crucial role in phase of incarceration. Some researchers have indicated that criminals don’t cope well in prisons whereas critics have argued prisons do cope criminals (Frank et al, 2010: 93). According to research conducted by Hurd (2005: 26-27), prisons don’t work at all. Increase in imprisonment doesn’t reduce crime. He used England and Wales as an example. Number of prisoners increased from 44,000 to 60,000 from 1986 to 1997, but no reduction in crime was recorded. Offenders were being numbered up into jails but crime was still going up. Other scholars have argued the same thing. Sinead Hanks have argued the same point. The author used England and Wales as an example. In February 2008, there were about 82,000 people in prison, highest ever in the country. But crimes were still up as more than half of offenders were reoffending within two years after being released from prison (Hurd, 2005: 26-27). Many prisoners have indicated that they have learned more on how to commit crimes during their imprisonment. Hanks (2008: 95-96) argued that prison has been considered as dumping ground, that is, people who have mental health issues, drug addiction problems, are homeless and illiterate are offenders. The author also argued that since imprisonment rates have gone up, overcrowding is a big concern in prisons. This problem further leads to problem of less rehabilitation and higher reconviction rates. The cycle perpetuates itself. It was also discussed that it’s really expensive to keep the offenders in prison and more than half of the offenders are back within two years or so, thus putting extra burden on the budget (Hanks, 2008: 95-96). Penal Policy is an important weapon in fighting crime. Article written by Mathews (2003), former inmate, suggests that maximum security prison doesn’t rehabilitate prisoners, it rather makes them worse. He further added that inmates spend twenty hours a day in their cell in total isolation and it’s hard for them to function properly in society after spending that amount of time in total isolation, without any human contact. Most prisoners have developed some sort of psychological illness and those who had it before, their situation is even worse. Prisoners are abused most of the time. Criminologists argue that this type of incarceration is inflicting punishment rather then rehabilitating those individuals. Individuals also face administrative separatism (Mathews, 2003: 41). This article has received a lot of attention from various scholars, researchers, criminologists, sociologists and more research is being done on maximum security aspect of prison. Some of them even say it that it’s totally inhumane and degrading. Roger Matthews, Professor at London South Bank University, mentioned that looking at recidivism figures, it certainly looks like that prison isn’t totally effective. Instead of rehabilitating prisoners, it adds up to government’s budget (Matthews, 2005). People learn more about crime in prisons. Studies have revealed that prison time can help offenders in enhancing their criminal skills, described as prisonization effect (Tremblay, 2009). Other research studies have revealed that incarceration is not meeting up the expectations. According Griffiths (2007: 279-280), incarceration is not an effectual restraint but being caught and punished is a deterrent. It has also been argued that people who have spent more time in prison feel more comfortable in prison rather then being out in community. Longer prisons are totally ineffective because sometimes low- risk offenders are exposed to high-risk offenders, and likelihood of learning other ways to commit crimes is very high. Further studies have revealed that even most offenders prefer probation over incarceration. Studies further revealed that prisons don’t always carry out through its provisions and some of them have even failed to meet their performance targets (The Economist, 2003). There are bunch of other challenges faced by prisons. Prison Violence is still prevalent. It can be between inmates or between inmates and staff members (Goff, 2004: 275). No body knows what happens inside the walls but official data disclosed that prison violence has gone up since 1989-90. Prison suicide is another challenge faced by correction facilities. No particular details are available why prisoners commit suicide but it has been said that mostly white males commit suicide in prison (ibid: 275-276). Rising cost of prisons is viewed as another trend in institutional corrections (Griffiths, 2007: 323). As per the statistics, in 2003-04, average cost of inmate housing was approximately $ 87,000 in federal prisons, and approximately $ 51,000 for provincial/territorial prisons. This further raises question on effectiveness and rehabilitation of prisoners (ibid: 324). Overcrowding is another issue and has been considered as a leading cause of violence. In federal prisons, about 25 percent of inmates share their room with another inmate (ibid: 324). Over-representation of black and aboriginal people has definitely raised concerns. It has been said that criminal justice system is biased against them and systematic discrimination against aboriginals prevails (ibid: 292-293). Comparison/Conclusion Effectiveness of prisons is a hot debate topic but it’s not easy to say whether prisons are effective or not. Studies have definitely revealed that high incarceration have lead to low crimes in countries like Australia, England, New Zealand and United states but at the same time critics have argued that high incarceration rate have inflicted upon high crime rates in England and United States. It has also been argued that abuse of power by prison staff is degrading and inhumane and makes them even less collectible, that is, they don’t use their authority legitimately but at the same point it has been argued that their legitimate authority have promoted people to follow the rules and be of good behavior. Media has also affected our thinking as prisons are predominantly represented as bad place. Charter of Rights and Freedoms provides limited rights to prisoners but their rights are being violated (Goff, 2004: 276-277). Overcrowding of prisons and high costs have forced government to implement reforms. Provincial/territorial governments have debated earlier about privatization of prisons as private companies can provide better and cost effective service. This can definitely take off some burden from the budget but at the same time private companies try to maximize their profits by using less staff and paying them low wages (Klassen, 2009). Restorative justice has proven to be successful in recidivism and restitution (Klassen, 2009). Restorative system saves an offender from further damage and helps him/her in reintegration into society. Incarceration rate and its success is a topic that will never have a proper ending. Every time arguments have been presented regarding success of prison, they have been criticized using counter-arguments and more evidence is presented focusing on failure of correctional systems. Appropriate reforms should be implemented to make prisons more effective. Social programs should be provided, both inside and outside of prison, to strengthen public safety. Penal Crisis and Justice System reforms should be addressed and modified as per the needs. There’s no need of new prisons, or to rise up incarceration rates. Democratic values of any given country are reflected through prisons and therefore, prisons continue to be an integral part of our justice system and society. Careful analysis needs to be done to evaluate the effectiveness of prisons as presentation of incorrect information can be misleading to the society and public.

Memo – uber

Memo – uber.

My Memo about Uber – lyft regulations and problemsYour assignment is to write a one-page (double space, using a font size 12) memo in which you describe andjustify your selection of a policy issue or policy decision upon which you will construct your term paper for thisclass (due on April 21, 2016). The memo should describe:1. The policy issue or policy decision that you will focus on2. The reasons the policy issue/decision relates to a public problem (what particular community isinvolved?)3. Why this issue deserves consideration (i.e., what is its importance?) and your plan to investigate it4. Provide evidence of the policy problem selected by citing three to five works that address the problem-issue at handGeneral Guidelines for Writing a Memo A memo is a simple, but important, form of communication that administrators and other employees inbureaucracies need to be able to write effectively. Because it is designed for internal communication, the formatis less formal than a letter. Still, one should not treat the memo as if it were the equivalent of a conversation. Thefact that it is a written document means that its impact will be different from that of a conversational exchange.In a conversation, the words used and the tone taken are something that can be supplemented with bodylanguage, gestures, smiles and other forms of visual and audio communication. In a memo all the reader has isthe words.  Moreover, because anything written in a public organization may become public information, itscontent and tone are very important.Memos are brief communications intended to quickly present information, arguments, or opinions.Generally, a memo should be limited to one purpose on one subject. That subject should be effectively andbriefly indicated in the subject line of the opening format. Whatever the purpose of the memo, its tone should bedirect, sincere, and respectful (both of the addressee and of anyone mentioned in the memo). You will use theMemo as the basis for further investigating the policy issue and writing your policy paper.The four elements that must be in opening format of a memo are:TO:(name of person addressed)FROM:(the writer of the memo; full name in print; signature or initials added)DATE:  (date the memo was written)SUBJECT:(brief description of the memo’s subject)
Memo – uber