of wet cupping (Hijamah) in persistent nonspecific low back pain. a systematic review of clinical randomized trials.(my major physiotherapy)

Proposal for dissertation
Topic title
The effectiveness of wet cupping (Hijamah) in persistent nonspecific low back pain.
a systematic review of clinical randomized trials.
PICO
• P: patients with PNSLBP
• I: wet cupping therapy
• C: comparison with sham treatment or any other conventional treatment
• O: pain
Background 1200 words
An example
• LBP is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that affect about 38 percent of the general population at least once a year.in addition, in 80 percent of all patients, the symptoms cannot be ascribed to a specific etiological or neurological cause. Therefore, the condition is referred to as nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP).
• Increasing number of research underpin the effects of wet cupping in low back pain. However, empirical studies are required to confirm the efficiency of cupping therapy.
AIM
• Therefore, the aim of this review was to examine the efficacy of wet cupping treatment in persistent non-specific low back pain
Rational
• several systematic reviews on cupping have been published in different medical conditions such as low back pain, hypertension, herpes zoster, pain, headache, and stroke rehabilitation or all medical condition.
• reviews should separate wet and dry cupping trials in systematic reviews due to the difference in their application. (I could not find difference in terms of effect to support my claim)
• so, one of my justifications is due to the religious value of wet cupping in Islamic countries especially in the middle east.
• Recent reviews about wet cupping had poor quality and low criticality, due to the limited search of database, and high risk of bias.
• I need more reason for justification because they are several systematic reviews about the cupping the

all the systematic review of wet cupping for low back pain
mentioned three RCT
I found they are 4 RCTs

Objective
• The objective of the systematic review to decide if wet cupping is effective in alleviating the pain for patients with persistent nonspecific low back pain
Outcome
• The primary outcome is pain ,and it must be measured by
• Visual Analogue Scale (VAS),
• McGill Present Pain Index (PPI), and
• Oswestry Pain Disability Index (ODI)
• other validated tool for pain measurement mention pain score.
Methods
• PRISMA guidelines for systematic review.

inclusion criteria
• Randomized Clinical Trials (RCTs) that used wet cupping alone or combined with other therapy compared Any Various analgesic treatment for the control group including physical activity, brochures for home exercise, acetaminophen, NSAIDs, opioids, spinal manipulation exercises, and bed rest.
• men and women ages 16 years or older with persistent, nonspecific low back pain
• back pain for at least 4 weeks with no identifiable etiology.
• All studies focused on wet cupping as the intervention therapy
• Pain was analyzed by a validated tool
Study exclusion criteria
• Studies were excluded if they were using
• dry cupping,
• uncontrolled clinical trials
• Wet cupping compering to any type of cupping therapy
• case reports
• Studies not published in English.

DATA EXTRACTION
• 2 independent reviewers

• The Following Information will be extracted:
• first author’s name and publication date, study design, sample size
• characteristics of participants (gender,
• descriiption of wet cupping duration, frequency, and anatomical cupping sites.
• primary outcomes main results
• author’s conclusion, and adverse/undesirable or side effects of the intervention.

Risk of bias tools
ROB 2
Searches strategies
• The following electronic data base were searched from 2009 until the end of 2021
• Pedro, Cochran library, ResearchGate, Scopus, PubMed, ProQuest, and sciences medicine.
• For aboard search I used Cupping, hijamah, back pain, nonspecific, and persistent
not to miss any relevant studies
DATA analysis
• Narrative synthesis.

References
Must be Harvard style

I will upload an example of a proposal
and a draft that I wrote and I forget to put references might help you[supanova_question]

Financial Strategic Planning in a Medical Group

Financial Strategic Planning in a Medical Group.

Financial Strategic Planning in a Medical Group

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otto von bismarck

of wet cupping (Hijamah) in persistent nonspecific low back pain. a systematic review of clinical randomized trials.(my major physiotherapy) otto von bismarck.

Write about Otto Von Bismarck and why he is Significant in our history.

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Format: Your audience for this paper is practicing managers in your industry. The paper should use A.P.A. (American Psychological Association) style and be approximately 2,000 words in length. 

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Understanding Community and Population,One of the first steps in conducting research is to acquire an understanding of the community and population served. One easy method to do so is to research demographic information that may inform community and agenc

Understanding Community and Population,One of the first steps in conducting research is to acquire an understanding of the community and population served. One easy method to do so is to research demographic information that may inform community and agenc.

Hello, I need a one page paper based on Bridgeport, CT Cencus.

One of the first steps in conducting research is to acquire an understanding of the community and population served. One easy method to do so is to research demographic information that may inform community and agency practice.

For this discussion, please introduce yourself to your classmates by providing a summary of the community in which you live. This summary should include the following:

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Include a short discussion of what skills you will need to develop to conduct a more extensive research study within your community.
Note that your post should be substantive and be 500-750 words. It should be well-organized and proofread.

Response Guidelines
Respond to at least one peer. Suggestions for peer responses include asking additional questions about the community, further analyzing the potential needs of this community based on the demographic data, or offering insight regarding your peer’s analysis. Reference the course readings about the importance of conducting research and the reason why social workers might be reluctant to engage in research.

Note that your post should be substantive and be at least 250 words. It should be well-organized and proofread.

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ASSIGNMENT:

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• engagement with theories from and beyond the module handbook and the module reading list

• comparison between authors

• outlining your point in your own words

 • considering unexplored perspectives.

Learning outcomes:

1. Demonstrate a systematic understanding of the field of globalisation and the media, including a coherent and detailed knowledge of key theories of globalisation and mediation

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Things to check:

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In other words, do you know how to conduct a literature review? If you have never been to a workshop on how to do a literature review, I would recommend you sign up for one as it is going to come in handy for your shorter and longer essay for this module, as well as for your dissertation

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• Read key literature (academic books and articles) from both the module handbook/reading list and beyond (but make sure they are within the field of media and communications/cultural studies!)

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