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Obesity And Bariatric Surgery Health And Social Care Essay

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Abstract Obesity is rapidly becoming the world’s largest health issue with no sign’s of moderating (National Health Service (NHS), 2007). Not only does obesity have significant human cost in relation to the onset of disease and early mortality but also constitutes a severe financial burden to the NHS. The cost of obesity to the United Kingdom (UK) NHS was estimated to be approximately £1 billion a year with an additional £2.3- £2.6 billion a year to the economy as a whole (Department of Health (DOH), 2007). Overall hospital admissions for obesity as has bariatric surgery with 2724 operations carried out between 2007 and 2008. Attitudes to obesity are generally negative in the published literature but one study highlighted that nurses, in particular, hold negative attitudes towards this client group. This study will focus on obese patients’ perceptions of nurses’ attitudes towards them. A quantitative paradigm incorporating a descriptive survey design will be selected as the most appropriate approach. The sample will comprise members of the British Obesity Surgery Patient Association (BOSPA) who will be invited to complete, a structured online questionnaire on a protected part of the website. The sampling technique used will be purposive and a convenience sampling and data will be analysed statistically. Introduction/ Background. The focus of this study will be the obese patients’ perception of the attitudes of the nurses towards them. To gain an insight into and an understanding of this area of practice, the literature relating to obesity and bariatric surgery, the patient experience and nurses’ attitudes will be critically appraised. Obesity is defined as an excessive fat accumulation that is a risk to health. This is identified according to international guidelines by a body mass index (BMI), where a person’s weight is divided by the square of their height. A person having a BMI of 30 or more is classed as obese. Being obese is a major risk factor for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes, strokes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal disorders like osteoarthritis, and some cancers (World Health Organisation (WHO), 2009). These conditions cause premature death and significant disability (WHO, 2006). In England the prevalence of obesity has almost trebled in the last two decades, with nearly one in five adults currently classified as obese, (National Audit Office (NAO), 2001). Obesity is rapidly becoming the world’s largest health issue (NHS, 2007); it is on an upward trend with no signs of moderating. By 1998 the incidence of obesity had almost trebled, at present almost half of women and two thirds of men are either overweight or obese, meaning one in five adults in the UK are obese (NAO, 2001). Not only does obesity have significant human costs, contributing to the onset of disease and early mortality, but also has severe financial burdens on the NHS. It has been estimated that the cost of obesity to the UK NHS is approximately £1billion a year, with an additional £2.3billion-£2.6billion a year to the economy as a whole. If the current trend is not halted, it is estimated that by 2010 the cost to the economy alone could be £3.6billion a year (DOH, 2007). Overall hospital admissions for obesity have increased, reaching 5,018 in 2007/08, a 30% rise in one year and almost a sevenfold increase in a decade. Increasing numbers of drugs are being prescribed by doctors for obesity with the number of items rising 16% in one year to reach 1.23 million in England in 2007 (Telegraph, 2009). It is now said that Britain is facing an ‘obesity time bomb’ as the number of middle aged people dying as a result of being overweight has doubled in less than a decade (Telegraph, 2010). The statistics show that more than 190 under 65 year olds died as a direct result of their obesity last year compared to just 88 in 2000; deaths among those aged between 46 and 55 almost tripled. Obesity was a contributing factor in a further 757 deaths last year compared to just 358 in 2000. These death rates are said to continue to increase rapidly through the decades as the overweight youngsters of today become middle aged (Telegraph, 2010). IS THE TELEGRAPH A RELIABLE SOURCE? WHAT IS IT REPORTING FROM, A RESEARCH STUDY, GOVERNMENT FIGURES?? The government is committed to tackling the rising trend of obesity in the UK; in 2008 the DOH set out a strategy to enable everyone in society to maintain a healthy weight. The strategy focuses on five main areas the healthy growth and development of children, promoting healthier food choices, building physical activity into our lives, creating incentives for better health and personalised advice and support. In spite of these national efforts and incentives to support a reduction in problems associated with obesity, such as lifestyle, diet and exercise, bariatric surgery has become more common. Weight loss surgery is available for people with a BMI of 40 or more (the morbidly obese) and could be an option for people with a BMI of 35 to 40, who have life threatening cardiopulmonary problems, obesity related heart disease or diabetes (NHS, 2007). Weight loss surgery is usually only available on the NHS where there is a clear clinical need for surgery, and other treatment options have been tried but failed (NHS, 2007). The three most widely uses techniques in weight loss surgery are gastric band surgery, gastric bypass surgery and intra-gastric balloon. Gastric band surgery involves a surgical procedure to fit a band around the upper part of the stomach to limit the amount of food a person eats. Each operation costs between £8,000 and £10,000. Gastric bypass surgery is a similar procedure which uses a band to decrease the stomach pouch, but differs to the gastric band surgery as the smaller stomach is re-routed to the small intestine, bypassing the rest of the stomach. It costs in the region of £10,000 to £12,000 (NHS, 2007). Finally, intra-gastric balloon surgery comprises implantation of a soft silicone balloon into the stomach, which aids weight loss as it takes less food to stop a person feeling hungry and costs between £3,500 and £4,500 (NHS, 2007). As bariatric surgery is classed as major abdominal surgery, post-operative care is of high importance. Management of patients following surgery includes oxygenation, pain management, mobilisation, wound care, nutrition therapy, education and emotional support (Harrington, 2006). The major topics highlighted in bariatric postoperative treatment plans include; pulmonary, cardiovascular, fluid and electrolytes, pain and discomfort, activity/ambulation, skin and wound, gastrointestinal, psychosocial and safety (Harrington, 2006). In 2007/8 there were 2,724 finished treatments categorised as bariatric surgery the majority in women, compared with 1,951 the previous year, (Telegraph, 2009). Pressure is mounting on the NHS to increase its capacity to handle weight loss surgeries, but it currently does just 46% of the desired obesity surgeries (BOSPA, 2009). As a result a number of people from the UK go abroad for weight loss surgery. An attitude is an abstraction or theoretical construct used to indicate and summarise psychological tendencies (Brown, 2005). They are one way of describing differences between people with regards to their differing likes and dislikes. Attitudes are enduring thoughts, beliefs and feelings that people have about an issue, people or events (Cormack, 2000). Attitudes consist of three aspects; an emotional or evaluative component, a belief or cognitive component and an action or behavioural component. The emphasis based placed on all three components varies greatly on in both attitude theory and research (Cormack, 2000). A belief is the thoughts and cognitions that people hold, they show a general correspondence to whether something is positively or negatively evaluated (Cormack, 2000). Nurses are required to adhere to the standards set by the Nursing and Midwifery Council code which states that they must not discriminate in any way against those in their care and that people must be treated kindly and considerately (NMC, 2009). Many studies that have focused upon attitudes of nurses towards obesity in the literature found that there is a negative attitude towards the obese patient and obesity as a whole, examples include ‘Management of obesity in primary care; nurses’ practices, beliefs and attitudes’ (Brown, Stride, Psarou, Brewins
Table of Contents Background Information Recommendations Overall strategy Off-site backup and coordinating group Possible scenario 1 Possible scenario 2 Possible difficulties Conclusion Reference List Background Information Nowadays people understand that preventing disasters is much more effective than trying to cope with the outcome of this or that catastrophe. For instance, Emerson states that “dollars spent in prevention are worth more than dollars spent in recovery” (Kunene, 2002). There are a lot of examples proving such saying. Thus, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) reports that “only 43% of businesses that suffer an incapacitating disaster ever resume operations” (Hiatt, 2000, p. 9). Moreover, 29% of those 43% remain in business. According to University of Minnesota survey 93% of companies which could not assess their data facilities (centers) for about 10 or more days became bankrupts during a year (Hiatt, 2000). Reputedly, average business loses about three percent of its “gross sales within eight days of a sustained computer outage” (Hiatt, 2000, p.10). By all means, companies get more and more interested in development disaster recovery plans to avoid any possible problems (Business Continuity Institute, 2005). Being a fast growing company, AtHand should also pay much attention to preventing any interruptions in its business processes. The successful examples of disaster plan implementation prove the importance of such planning. For instance, banks which are extremely dependant on the use of technology (computers, databases, etc.) are more vulnerable to various hardships which can be still prevented. Lebanon Citizens National Bank president and CEO, Steve Wilson stresses the effectiveness of disaster recovery planning recollecting that after passing “Y2K with flying colors and, after September 11, the banking system remained operational” (Bielski, 2002, p.46). Wilson adds: “I think how the industry handled those two situations indicates that it’s serious about disaster recovery” (Bielski, 2002, p.46). As far as catastrophic outcomes of September 11 are concerned another company reveals successful story of disaster recovery planning effectiveness. Merill Lynch’s CFO unit only finished working on their DRP, they did not even test the system, when terrorists attack on the World Trade Center towers took place (Duchac and Castellino, 2006). This catastrophe became their system testing. In spite of some difficulties the plan was quite successful. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Of course, it was quite impossible to think over all possible options since they were not expecting such damages in several parts of the city. However, in a week CFO unit was completely operational, and in 2-3 weeks most employees were working. There is no need to state that the losses of the company were minimal due to the effective planning and appropriate disaster recovery plan implementation. In this perspective, according to Business Continuity Institute (2005) about 70% of companies have their business continuity plans and disaster recovery plans, and this rate increases up to 80% in the sphere of financing and retailing. As far as the use of such plans is concerned according to Business Continuity Institute (2005) 10% of companies resorted to their projects which is quite a big rate. Of course Y2K was one of the major stimuli to work out such plans and September 11 enhanced the importance of DRP. However, Dzubeck (2001) reports that many businesses (especially small companies) have a disaster recovery plan with no off-site backup which can be too risky. Recommendations Being a fast developing IT company AtHand also needs to secure its business processes. The most effective way is to work out an effective disaster recovery plan. Of course, first of all it is necessary to outline the overall strategy, i.e. the way the plan is worked out. Overall strategy Thus, effective DRP is worked out in four major steps (Kunene, 2002). On the first stage it is necessary to analyze possible risks. This stage requires cooperation with the entire company, since the company’s managers can report about crucial points and about other major processes which require specific attention. After risk analysis it is possible to pass on to the next stage, i.e. establishing the budget. In the majority of cases the budget will count about 2 to 8 percent of overall budget which is not much in comparison to possible revenues (Kunene, 2002). The third step is developing the plan itself. Finally, the fourth stage is testing. Some companies do not pay attention to the last step which is, in fact, crucial. Only testing can reveal possible downsides of the plan. Besides, many issues emerge in the process of testing, it is worth mentioning that many of them can be quite unpredictable as in case with Merill Lynch. Basically, these are the four major steps which effective planning require. If AtHand uses such comprehensive strategy it will obtain the most complete DRP and, thus, it will be able to function without interruptions and delays. We will write a custom Term Paper on Disaster Recovery Plan specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Off-site backup and coordinating group At this moment it is possible to suggest two scenarios for the company. Of course, it is necessary to point out that these scenarios will be revised in accordance with specific information of AtHand employees. However, before depicting definite patterns it is important to stress the necessity to have an offsite backup. So, the company should have some property or rent some facilities to preserve copies of the most important data. For instance, Duchac and Castellino (2006) portray the effective use of several sites, and report about cases when several sites were not available. To launch such off-site backup it is necessary to define which materials (software and hardware) are the most important. Of course, such information can be obtained in cooperation with all the company’s managers. It goes without saying that in case the major resources stop functioning, the backup system can switch on automatically. This will enable AtHand not to interrupt automatic processes. So, the customers (and to great extent the company since the scope of the essential information can be still assessed) will not suffer too much. AtHand will have enough time to detect the problem and solve it without any haste since the backup system will secure its uninterrupted functioning. Thus, it is essential to have at least one backup site. Apart from this AtHand should have a group which will take the process under control and in case of some damages can coordinate the actions of the rest. Such group can be called Crisis Management Team (Penson, 2009). It goes without saying that AtHand will benefit from having such a coordinating center (control team) since, on the one hand, the team will have the entire picture and can choose the most appropriate solution, and on the other hand, the members of the team will have several scenarios and will easily cope with any problem. Moreover, any employee of AtHand should know the major points of the completed disaster recovery plan. Thus, when some problems take place employees know exactly what they should do, they do not panic and just act accordingly. Possible scenario 1 Reportedly, earthquakes are quite common damagers so AtHand should have a corresponding plan. First of all, the disaster recovery plan should contain information about certain immediate actions which concern employees’ safety (Penson, 2009). To successfully implement this part of the plan the Crisis Management Team should have updated data about the working places of disabled people and/or pregnant women, so that these categories can be evacuated as the rest of personnel. Of course, the plan should cover the process of evacuation and the place where people can wait until the danger is gone since first of all AtHand should take care of its personnel. After this crisis management team should be immediately mobilized. In fact, this group coordinates the actions of the process. After people evacuation and when there is no risk for people’s life, the Crisis Management Team should assess the damages. Not sure if you can write a paper on Disaster Recovery Plan by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Everything should be taken into account: the damage of building, facilities, etc. After evaluating the damage it is possible to consider possibilities of obtaining the necessary facilities. Thus, AtHand will be able not to waste money but acquire the most necessary facilities. Meanwhile, people can work in some particular site or they can work from other places (using some network). Of course, all security measures should be undertaken. Moreover, it is important to follow the security measures on every stage of the recovery plan. For instance, it is advisable to use particular ways of communication so that no confidential information was revealed. In fact, the correct communication is very important since AtHand may have losses if some information becomes known to partners, clients or mass media. This is the brief outline of disaster recovery scenario which AtHand can use in case of earthquake. Possible scenario 2 There is one more threat which is even more common than natural disasters, i.e. power outage (Kunene, 2002). So, in the case of power outage off-site backup is also essential. In fact, it can totally prevent from any negative outcomes since all data will be saved and some automatic processes will be still operational. Of course, it is necessary to make sure that the possibility of power outage in the principle site and in backup site is very low. Again existence of several backup sites should be considered. In this case all the main issues which AtHand can face will be easily solved since backup sites secure the uninterrupted business processes. Besides, AtHand should consider possibility to start an emergency power supply. So, people will be able to do their work without any interruptions. However, if such emergency supply is not possible there is a way out. It is possible to ask the employees to fill in certain questionnaire where they state what they can do with no power supply at their working places. Thus, people will know what operations are possible so they can complete definite tasks instead of going home and losing their money. AtHand also benefits from this approach since employees do certain tasks instead of doing nothing and having talks about what has happened. Possible difficulties Of course, some difficulties may occur while operating disaster department. Thus, before AtHand starts launching the changes it is necessary to take into account the following factors. First, the employees can lack the necessary experience so it is crucial to choose carefully people involved in the process. Secondly, the company should consider whether it can spend the necessary budget, or it is wiser to wait a little. Finally, many companies do not pay much attention to testing or do not take into account it, i.e. do not implement the necessary changes since it can lead to extra costs. Of course, this is an erroneous approach which can cause considerable losses. Conclusion In summary, it is necessary to point out that nowadays most businesses understand the necessity to have an effective disaster recovery plan. The overall strategy of such planning presupposes the following stages: analyzing risks, establishing budget, developing DRP, and, finally, testing the complete disaster recovery plan. It is important to note that the disaster recovery plan should be worked out in cooperation with managers and directors of the company. As far as AtHand DRP is concerned it is possible to portray two possible scenarios. However, both scenarios presuppose existence of off-site backup which ensures business continuity and maintaining the most important data. Of course, these are only draft plans since more thorough planning presupposes more detailed information. Thus, the first scenario deals with the natural disaster, earthquake. In this case, crisis management team will coordinate such actions as immediate reaction (evacuation), damage assessment and recovery actions. The second scenario dwells upon more common disaster, i.e. power outage. In this case minor changes are necessary. However, before accepting any plan AtHand should still consider possible difficulties of implementing the plan. Besides, the company should consider carefully its financial ability to adopt any plans. Nevertheless, before making the final decision AtHand should consider possible negative impacts of interrupted business processes which the company can easily avoid using effective disaster recovery plan. Reference List Bielski, L. (2002). Thinking the Unthinkable: Often Dismissed as Mere “Insurance,” Disaster Recovery Ought to Be Considered Part of the Lifeblood of Any Business. ABA Banking Journal, 94(1), 44-47. Business Continuity Institute. (2005). Business Continuity Research [Data file]. Web. Penson. (2009). Disaster Recovery Plan [Data file]. Web. Duchac, J.,
English Language and Literature homework help. Analyse the role that planning has in developing new business streams. Use the TOWS matrix to identify a response to a future opportunity or threat. Identify the business planning links between marketing, finance, HR and operations.,Analyse the role that planning has in developing new business streams,Business Development, ,Unit Aims :, The unit will allow for learners to work  to investigate new business formats and a feasibility assessment for a potential knowledge-based product or service opportunity identified.,This might be undertaken for a new income stream within an existing business or for a new enterprise.,The core unit material will focus on Refining an Idea, Research and Presenting the Plan. All learners will be involved with refining the idea and individual learners will be responsible for doing market research, building a finial plan and creating an operational plan.,The aim of this unit is to provide the learner with the knowledge and skills to research a market and plan a development strategy such as the launch of a new business model, new enterprise, product or service line. Learners will need to fully develop and pitch their business development strategy,Learning Outcomes,Assessment Criteria,1. Firstly, Analyse the role that planning has in developing new business streams, Secondly, Use the TOWS matrix to identify a response to a future opportunity or threat, Thirdly, Identify the business planning links between marketing, finance, HR and operations, 2. Conduct research into demand and assess market potential, Further, Produce an ‘opportunities matrix’ that supports strategy development and responses to external threats, Additionally, Use primary and secondary research to define the size of an opportunity, Also, Identify both tangible and intangible resources that exist and those required to support a development strategy, 3. Prepare a business model and present a business sales plan, Firstly, ,Develop a business model to support a development strategy, Secondly, Produce sales measures and key success factors Prepare and deliver a pitch to raise support and finance for a development strategy, Lastly, Take feedback on their development strategy and make improvements,Attachments,Click Here To Download,English Language and Literature homework help

Grand Canyon University Primary Cause of Organ Trade Essay

Grand Canyon University Primary Cause of Organ Trade Essay.

Cause and Effect Argument Essay AssignmentGoal Choose a trend or phenomenon related to the sale, trade, or donation of human organs. The trendor phenomenon should have a definable set of causes and effects. Write a 1,500–1,750-word argument using five to seven academic resources that persuades an audience to accept your explanation of the causes and effects of your chosen trend or phenomenon related to the sale, trade, or donation of human organs.DirectionsImagine your issue either as a puzzle or as a disagreement. If your issue is like a puzzle that needs to be put together, your task will be to create a convincing case for an audience that does not have an answer to your cause and effect question already in mind. If your issue is like adisagreement that needs to be resolved, your argument must be overtly persuasive because your goal will be to change your audience’s views.Be sure to examine alternative hypotheses or opposing views and explain your reasons for rejecting them. This essay is NOT a CASUAL essay. Instead, it is a cause and effect essay. A cause and effect essay explains the causes and effects of a trend or phenomenon involving the sale, trade, or donation of human organs.First Draft Grading• You will receive completion points for the first draft based upon the successful submission of a complete draft. • Because your first draft is a completion grade, do not assume that this grade reflects or predicts the final grade. If you do not consider your instructor’s comments, you may be deducted points on your final draft. Final Draft GradingThe essay will be graded using a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations. Sources• Include in-text citations and a references page in GCU Style for FIVE to SEVENscholarly sources outside of class texts.• These sources should be used to support any claims you make and should be present in the text of the essay. • Use the GCU Library to help you find sources.• Include this research in the paper in a scholarly manner.FormatPrepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the GCU Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.LopesWriteYou are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.Criteria% Value1: Unsatisfactory2: Less Than Satisfactory3: Satisfactory4: Good5: Excellent% Scaling0%65%75%85%100%Content & Ideas – 40%Cause and Effect Content and Ideas Should:Include an effective title.Present a thesis that centers specifically on a problem of cause and effect.Use cause and effect chains and inductive reasoning to support the cause and effectargument established in the thesis.Cite evidence that supports the cause and effect chains and inductive reasoning.40%Does not have title, and has missing or indiscernible thesis statement and minimal evidence to support main ideas. Argument includes elements of cause/effect, but the argument does not center on causes or consequences. The student does not use strategies that support cause and effectarguments.Title may not suggest subject and does not spark interest. Thesis statement and/or the controlling idea are not clearly stated. Argument includes elements of cause/effect, but the argument does not center on causes or consequences and/or the writer does not use strategies that support cause and effectarguments very well.Ideas are underdeveloped and clichéd. They do not support the thesis. Evidence from outside sources can be irrelevant.Title suggests subject but does not spark interest.Thesis statement identifies the main point the author is trying to make. Most of content relates to thesis statement, but lacks sufficient support through appropriate strategies.Argument may not center specifically on cause/effect or use strategies that support cause and effectarguments effectively. Cited evidence sometimes does not justify ideas.Title suggests subject but does not necessarily spark interest. Thesis statement clearly identifies the main point the author is trying to make. Argument centers specifically on cause/effect and uses strategies that support cause and effectarguments (cause and effect chains and inductive reasoning). Most of the content supports thesis, and cited evidence usually justifies ideas.Title suggests subject and sparks interest.With a clear, controlling idea, thesis statement effectively identifies the main point the student is trying to make. Content supports thesis well. Argument centers specifically on cause/effect and effectively uses strategies that support cause and effectarguments (cause and effect chains and inductive reasoning). Specific, cited evidence justifies ideas and enriches the essay.Organization – 12%Organization12%No apparent organizationpresent. Ineffective introduction does not invite readers or explain the subject. The reader cannot find the thesis statement. Underdeveloped paragraphs lack focus and topic sentences. No conclusion present.No apparent organization present. Introduction explains subject, but does not engage readers. Thesis is difficult to find.Underdeveloped paragraphs lack focus and topic sentences. Weak conclusion offered.Organization is clear, but with minor errors. Introduction explains subject, but does not adequately engage readers.Thesis may be misplaced.Paragraphs are not developed around topic sentences, and may not always advance essay’s ideas. Conclusion summarizes but does not conclude.Organization aids readers in understanding content. Introduction explains subject, but may not engage readers. Thesis statement is placed appropriately, according to the genre of the writing set forth in the assignment description in the syllabus. Well-ordered paragraphs are developed around topic sentences, and advance essay’s ideas. Conclusion may be more of a summary.Logically organized to lead readers to understanding content. Introduction explains subject and engages readers. Thesis statement is placed appropriately, according to the genre set forth in the assignment description in the syllabus. Well-ordered paragraphs are developed around topic sentences, and advance essay’s ideas. Conclusion provides strong, satisfying ending, not a mere summary of the essay.Format – 16%Paper Format16%Layout: Essay lacks more than THREE of the following: double-spaced, 12 pt, Times New Roman font, 1inchmargins, heading (with name, course, date, and instructor), assignment title, and page numbers using appropriate header function. Not all information, paraphrases, quotations, and borrowed ideas are cited on the page they appear; little or no in-text citations and/or entries on reference pageused; major documentation oversightsnoted; major format errors and omissions noted; inappropriate number of required sources used.Layout: Essay lacks THREE of the following: double-spaced, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, 1inch margins, heading (with name, course, date, and instructor), assignment title, and page numbers using appropriate header function. Not all information, paraphrases, quotations, and borrowed ideas are cited on the page they appear; missing more than one citation and/or reference entry; significant documentation oversights noted; significant format errors or omissions noted; inappropriate number of required sources used.Layout: Essay lacks TWO of the following: double-spaced, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, 1inchmargins, heading (with name, course, date, and instructor), assignment title, and page numbers using appropriate header function. Not all information, paraphrases, quotations, and borrowed ideas are cited on the page they appear; missing one in-text citation and/or reference entry; minor documentation oversights noted; minor formatting errors or omissions noted; appropriate number of required sources are used.Essay lacks ONE of the following: double-spaced, 12 pt. Times New Roman font, 1inch margins, heading (with name, course, date, and instructor), assignment title, and page numbers using appropriate header function. All information, paraphrases, quotations, and borrowed ideas are cited on the page that they appear and are listed on the references page (GCUformat); some minor errors or omissions informat noted; appropriate number of required sources is used.Layout: Essay is double-spaced with 12pt. Times New Romanfont, 1inch margins, heading (with name, course, date, and instructor), assignment title, and page numbers using appropriate header function. All information,paraphrases, quotations, and borrowed ideas are cited in parenthetical GCU format; all sources are listed on the references page (GCUformat); all citations and reference entries are complete and in alphabetical order; appropriate number of required sources is used.Language & Style – 16%Language & Style16%Voice & tone are inappropriate and ineffective in creating appropriate mood.Inappropriate word choice used. Sentence structure includes ungrammatical structures and no variety. Writing is wordy.Voice & tone are inappropriate and ineffective in creating appropriate mood.Word choice fails in use of appropriate, precise language and strong verbs. Includes too many to be verbs.No attempt to vary sentence structurenoted. Writing is wordy.Voice & tone usually do not characterize ideas appropriately or effectively create appropriate mood. Word choice includes nonstandard outdated usage, too many to beverbs, is not precise, and is occasionally incorrect. Some slang or jargon exists in the paper. Inadequate variety in sentence structure noted. Writing is wordy.Voice & tone usually characterize ideaseffectively create appropriate mood. Word choice usually includes current standard usage, active verbs, concrete nouns, and precise words. Some slang or jargon exists in the paper. Some variety of sentence structures strengthens the ideas, creates vitality, and avoids choppiness in the writing. Writing is mostly concisely written.Voice & tone characterize ideas and effectively create appropriate mood. Word choice includes current standard usage, active verbs, concrete nouns, and precise words. Sentence structures strengthen the ideas, create vitality, and avoid choppiness in the writing. Writing is concise.Grammar & Mechanics – 16%Grammar & Mechanics16%Demonstrates no control of grammar, spelling, & punctuation conventions.Many errors, such as:Apostrophe useCapitalizationCommas misplaced or missing ParallelismFaulty point of view shiftsPronoun agreement Quotation errorsSemicolons misusedRun-ons & fragmentsSpelling errorsSubject-verb agreementTense shiftsDemonstrates minimal control of grammar, spelling, & punctuation conventions. Several errors, such as:Apostrophe useCapitalizationCommas misplaced or missing ParallelismFaulty point of view shiftsPronoun agreement Quotation errorsSemicolons misusedRun-ons & fragmentsSpelling errorsSubject-verb agreementTense shiftsDemonstrates reasonable control of grammar, spelling, & punctuation conventions.Some errors, such as:Apostrophe useCapitalizationCommas misplaced or missing ParallelismFaulty point of view shiftsPronoun agreement Quotation errorsSemicolons misusedRun-ons & fragmentsSpelling errorsSubject-verb agreementTense shiftsDemonstrates high control of grammar, spelling, & punctuation conventions. Few errors, such as:Apostrophe useCapitalizationCommas misplaced or missing ParallelismFaulty point of view shiftsPronoun agreement Quotation errorsSemicolons misusedRun-ons & fragmentsSpelling errorsSubject-verb agreementTense shiftsDemonstrates outstanding control of grammar, spelling, & punctuation conventions.No errors, such as:Apostrophe useCapitalizationCommas misplaced or missing ParallelismFaulty point of view shiftsPronoun agreement Quotation errorsSemicolons misusedRun-ons & fragmentsSpelling errorsSubject-verb agreementTense shifts
Grand Canyon University Primary Cause of Organ Trade Essay

A B Tech How Researchers Understand the Classical Management Theories Discussion

assignment helper A B Tech How Researchers Understand the Classical Management Theories Discussion.

Describe and explain how researchers understand the Classical Management Theories and how they are still applicable today.Must be 500 words APA formatplease read and possibly use one as a referenceGablas, B., Ruzicky, E., & Ondrouchova, M. (2018). The change in management style during then course of a project from the classical to the agile approach. Journal of Competitiveness, 10(4), 38-53. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7441/joc.2018.04.03Gerardo David, A. P. (2016). Strategic management cultures: Historical connections with science. Journal of Management History, 22(2), 214-235. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JMH-12-2015-0212Mandysová, I. (2019). Classical management biases and behavioral approach comprehension. Scientific Papers of the University of Pardubice.Series D.Faculty of Economics and Administration, (46), 114-123. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/2299381655?acc…Zawila-Niedzwiecki, J. (2015). Structuring knowledge management – classical theory, strategic initiation and operational knowledge management (part I). Foundations of Management, 7(1), 253-266. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/fman-2015-0041Explain what is Classical Influence?
A B Tech How Researchers Understand the Classical Management Theories Discussion

Berkeley College Nathaniel Brazil Case Study Analysis

Berkeley College Nathaniel Brazil Case Study Analysis.

I’m working on a sociology case study and need a sample draft to help me study.

I’m working on a sociology case study and need a sample draft to help me learn.Select a victim or offender or a group of individuals and apply one of the theories/issues discussed in the text or in the materials section of the course to the victim or offender selected. The paper will analyze some case that students have researched. This may be a case that was presented in the reading materials; and it may be a case that was analyzed in class. The student will be expected to present the argument and support it with evidence. Evidence from articles in academic journals, newspapers, magazines, videos, news reports, etc. should be used. The paper will be evaluated for its writing and content. These cases are expected to be scholarly presentations.Students should submit a 5-7 page paper summarizing their efforts, and share their major points with the class on the discussion.Attached are examples as well as a rubric!I would like for mine to be on the case of Nathaniel Brazil Please let me know if you have any questions!
Berkeley College Nathaniel Brazil Case Study Analysis

Creativity, Innovation and Growth Mindset

Creativity, Innovation and Growth Mindset.

Creativity, Innovation and a Growth Mindset ProjectPrior to beginning work on this assignment, read Chapter 6: Creative Productivity Across the Lifespan and Chapter 8: Creative Articulation in the Plucker (2017) text, and review the Instructor Guidances for the course.Over the past five weeks, you have formulated a personal philosophy of creativity and innovation and developed your own innovation toolbox. For your Final Project you will demonstrate what you have learned about creativity and innovation as it applies to a current or future area of interest in either your personal or professional life. The purpose of this assignment is to defend the importance of creativity and innovation in the 21st century.For your Final Project, you will create an inspirational presentation in the format of your choice accompanied by a written transcript of the presented material. You may choose from a variety of formats for your presentation. For example, you may submit a PowerPoint presentation with embedded audio narration or create a YouSeeU video with a transcript. If you choose to submit a YouSeeU video, you can submit your YouSeeU video HERE and submit your transcript through Waypoint. You may also choose to present your ideas via another format with instructor approval. Creativity and innovation are encouraged! Additionally, you are encouraged to reexamine the ideas presented in the Collaborative Commons shared space and to use the word cloud you created in Week 1 of class to enhance the visual appeal of your presentation.Your final step is to include this Final Project in your Portfolium account, which demonstrates your understanding of creativity and innovation in your chosen area of interest to employers, colleagues, friends, family members, and others. This Final Project will be a required artifact incorporated in the HON490: Honors College Seminar course.Content Expectations:The following content areas must be included in your presentation:Introduction: Address your intended audience to establish the purpose and significance of your presentation. Remember to be creative and to capture the attention of your audience.Creativity and Innovation: Theory in PracticeExplain the relationship between creativity and innovation both in theory and in practical application to your area of interest.Defend the importance of creativity and innovation by explaining one specific example of how a problem was solved in your area of interest that demonstrated a unique approach. Support your analysis with content and examples from the required resources, group work, and your own research undertaken during this course.Envisioning ChangeAssess how creativity and innovation drive growth and change in your area of interest. Support your evaluation with content and examples from the required resources, group work, and your own research undertaken during this course.Describe a problem in your area of interest for which you would like to find a solution.Proposing a New DirectionPropose a solution to the issue you have chosen, integrating specific idea generation techniques from your innovation toolbox.Fostering a Growth MindsetCreate an action-oriented mission statement for an applied context related to your area of interest.Explain how it aligns with your own personal philosophy of creativity and innovation.Integrate elements of your innovation toolbox to model your own personal or professional growth in the areas of creativity and innovation.PortfoliumAdd your Final Project as an artifact to your Portfolium account.The Creativity, Innovation and a Growth Mindset ProjectMust be ten to twelve slides in length (not including title and references slides), include an embedded audio narration with a transcript, and be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. if a PowerPoint presentation.Must be five to seven minutes in length and include a transcript formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. if a video presentation.Must be the equivalent of ten to twelve slides in length or five to seven minutes in length, as determined in consultation with and approval of the instructor, if completed in another format. Audio or visual formats must include a written transcription formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..Must include a separate title page with the following:Title of final projectStudent’s nameCourse name and numberInstructor’s nameDate submittedMust use at least five scholarly sources in addition to the course text.The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.Must be added as an artifact to your Portfolium account.Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Creativity, Innovation and Growth Mindset