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Nurse Practitioner Working in A Small Private High School Case Study

Nurse Practitioner Working in A Small Private High School Case Study.

For this Discussion, your instructor will assign you your case number.Case 1Case 2CasesC.C is a nurse practitioner working in a small private high school. She provides comprehensive care to the students and staff at the school. She coordinates the health education program of the school and consults with the administration to identify the educational and health promotion needs of the population.She works in a Catholic high school. She meets resistance about providing health education about some of the topics typically taught to the adolescent age group. Substance abuse prevention; HIV, AIDS, and sexually transmitted disease prevention; and pregnancy prevention are topics that are highly controversial at her school. However, C.C. realizes that it is imperative that she reach the teens about these difficult topics.E.J. is a nurse in an elementary school setting. Health promotion at the school-age level is a critical time when behaviors can be influenced before unhealthful patterns have become the standard. Healthy behaviors are taught and modeled by the nurse as well as the teachers in the school.She has a diverse set of roles. She provides direct care to ill or injured students when needed. She also coordinates vision and hearing screenings, tracks immunization compliance, provides referrals, and participates in the care and planning of special needs students. She is aware that she has high rates of students with asthma and allergies, so she monitors the air quality index in her community.Questions for the caseDiscuss the recommended schedule of health-promotion and preventive health visits for adolescents and the appropriate topics for inclusion during each visit.The prevention of overweight and obesity is critically important during the school-age years. Which educational interventions as a Nurse practitioner you should give to your school-age patients?Once you received your case number; answer the specific question on the table above. Then, continue to discuss the 3 topics listed below for your case:Discuss appropriate interventions for adolescents suspected of having an eating disorder. Describe how they would initiate conversations with adolescents about this issue.Describe the physical changes of adolescents that include natural processes of biology and geneticsDiscuss the prevalence of violence among adolescents. Identify ways that health care practitioners can help prevent and educate adolescents about these issues.Submission Instructions:Your instructor will assign you your case number and you will post on the case number you have been assigned.You will reply to the other case studies.Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. Your initial post is worth 8 points.You should respond to at least two of your peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Your reply posts are worth 2 points (1 point per response.)All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible.Grading RubricYour assignment will be graded according to the grading rubric.Discussion RubricCriteriaRatingsPointsIdentification of Main Issues, Problems, and Concepts5 pointsDistinguishedIdentify and demonstrate a sophisticated understanding of the issues, problems, and concepts.4 pointsExcellentIdentifies and demonstrates an accomplished understanding of most of the issues, problems, and concepts.2 pointsFairIdentifies and demonstrates an acceptable understanding of most of the issues, problems, and concepts.1 pointPoorIdentifies and demonstrates an unacceptable understanding of most issues, problems, and concepts.5 pointsUse of Citations, Writing Mechanics and APA Formatting Guidelines3 pointsDistinguishedEffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Exceptional use of citations and extended referencing. High level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.2 pointsExcellentEffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. Moderate level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.1 pointFairIneffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need more precision and attention to detail.0 pointPoorIneffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Unacceptable use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need serious attention.3 pointsResponse to Posts of Peers2 pointsDistinguishedThe student constructively responded to two other posts and either extended, expanded, or provided a rebuttal to each.1 pointFairThe student constructively responded to one other post and either extended, expanded, or provided a rebuttal.0 pointPoorThe student provided no response to a peer’s post.2 points
Nurse Practitioner Working in A Small Private High School Case Study

Manufacturing Information.

Can you make response for each person posted below? Here is the instruction below Manufacturing Information You manage custom orders of Alpine Auto’s luxury automobiles manufacturing division. The company’s raw materials consist mainly of fiberglass, metal, plastic and computer technology. Describe what manufacturing information would be important to track. Please make sure to report the accounting documents used to gather and report this information. 1. From: Sarah Mcconnell posted Feb 24, 2018 7:27 PM Hello everyone, There is some information that I would like to track. To begin, I will track the processing cost, inventory of materials, wages payable and manufacturing overhead. These pieces of information listed would be able to offer a great look of what the business is earning and spending. It would be crucial to maintain the track of inventory so in that case, the business will notice when and if they have plenty of material. Processing cost is great to track so that the business will notice how much is being used while creating the items. In overall, since all of the businesses produce a variety of products, what is tracked will change by relying on the business. References: Weygandt, J., Kimmel, P. & Kieso, D. (2015). Accounting principles (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2. From: Jaime Sanders posted Feb 24, 2018 6:43 PM A manufacturing company would need to track costs of all raw materials used during the process of manufacturing their products. In addition, costs of materials in inventory would need to be tracked so that the proper price is recorded for the materials as they are used. Work in process inventory and finished goods would also be tracked separately so that they are easily identifiable. Cost of goods sold, direct labor, indirect labor and manufacturing overhead should also be accounted for. Invoices, purchase orders, requests for materials and inventory records will be documents used by the various departments to trace the costs of the materials and products they are responsible for. Jaime Sanders Weygandt, J. J., Kimmel, P. D., & Kieso, D. E. (2015). Accounting Principles, 12 Edition. Wiley. Retrieved from… 3. From: David Cogar posted Feb 24, 2018 11:30 AM Professor and Class, You manage custom orders of Alpine Auto’s luxury automobiles manufacturing division. The company’s raw materials consist mainly of fiberglass, metal, plastic and computer technology. Describe what manufacturing information would be important to track. Please make sure to report the accounting documents used to gather and report this information. I would track the following items for Alpine Autos: >cost of raw materials >inventory of materials >work-in-process inventory >finished goods inventory Cost of goods sold inventory >labor cost >manufacturing overhead Since all companies produce different things, what is tracked can/will vary depending on the company. Dave Cogar Weygandt, Jerry J., Paul Kimmel, Donald Kieso. Accounting Principles, 12th Edition. Wiley, 2015-01-05. [Kaplan].
Manufacturing Information

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Research Paper. Introduction Any savvy employer would understand the importance of having highly effective employees because they are a key component to the success of any business. Highly effective employees make loyal employees and loyal employees are an integral component in good customer relations and business success (Torrence, 2010, p. 1). Knowledgeable employers are able to respect the diversity of their employees and appreciate the unique contributions each employee adds to the organization. These types of employers are also able to provide a good learning environment for employees because employee effectiveness thrives in the provision of a good working environment. Effective employees are able to use organizational resources effectively towards the accomplishment of organizational goals and endeavor aim to be productive, dependable and trustworthy (Torrence, 2010). In the same respect, these employees are willing to take up new challenges and exceed their limits. This facilitates organizational growth. Effective employees are able to flourish at very minimal costs and employers should acknowledge their contribution towards the accomplishment of organizational goals because their input is part of the overall puzzle of organizational goal accomplishment. These factors withstanding, it is important for employers and employees alike to understand what constitutes an effective employee. Employers need to understand this fact so that they can facilitate the growth of employees to capitalize on the benefits effective employees bring into the organization. Employees as well need to understand this process so they may better themselves and improve their careers. This therefore begs the question of whether there is a given model in which employees can mould themselves to be effective employees. In relation, this study provides a framework to which employees can evaluate themselves with the aim of becoming effective employees. Its foundation is based on Stephen Covey’s analysis of 7 habits of highly effective people. Habit 1: Being Proactive Stephen Convey purports that the destiny of an individual is usually dictated by the choices he/she makes (Harvey, 2008, p. 38). This means that people are often empowered to choose their status; say, happiness, sadness, decisiveness, failure, ambivalence, courage, success, fear or any other attribute that defines a person. Of importance is the acknowledgement by employees that every new opportunity gives an individual the chance to make a better choice. In doing so, employees get a new opportunity to do things in a different way so that they can increase their productivity levels. With regards to being proactive as the first characteristic of highly effective people, employees should be in a position to take responsibility for their actions at all times. In other words, it is not wise to keep blaming other people for one’s shortcomings; like managers blaming lower level employees for the failure or employees blaming the managers for their failure as well. Proactive people are therefore able to take a proactive stand and accept their responsibilities and shortcomings. This fact also deters employees from blaming their working environments, working conditions, genetics, circumstances or other parameters which may pose as an excuse for their shortcomings. Proactive people understand that their actions and behaviors all depend on their intuition. The opposite of such kind of people are reactive people who are more likely to blame their primary environments as opposed to their actions. These are the kinds of people who always seek for external factors to use a scapegoat for their shortcomings. For example, if the weather were good, they enjoy that fact but if it were lousy, they develop a negative attitude and blame any shortcomings that arise, on their negative actions or on the weather. The external factors described here normally act as stimuli to employee performance. The difference between effective and ineffective employees occurs in the way they respond to these stimuli. People therefore have the advantage of choosing what their response is going to be. An integral part in determining our responses therefore lies in what we say. The language one adopts is also a good indicator of how a person perceives himself or herself. An effective person or a proactive individual would therefore incorporate proactive languages in his speech such as “I will”, “I prefer”, “I can” and the likes. On the other hand, a reactive person uses a reactive language like “if I have to”, should I?” “If I have to” “I can’t” because they don’t believe they have the power to control their actions and neither do they believe they have a choice when doing something. When dealing with things people have little or no control of, reactive and proactive people approach this mater in different ways. Proactive individuals avoid matters they have little control of and concentrate on matters they have more control of (Covey, 2010b, p. 1). On the other hand, reactive people focus their attention on things they have no control of; like the weather, terrorism, political conditions, legislations and the likes while they avoid issues they have a control of. This also broadly categorizes the issues people deal with in two categories. The fist category involves issues that revolve within the circle of concern while the second issue involves things that revolve in the circle of influence. Proactive people concentrate on the circle of influence but reactive people concentrate on the circle of concern (Covey, 2010b, p. 1). Proactive people therefore deal with opportunities and challenges like heath, education, and the likes which revolve around the circle of influence. If people develop awareness on the circles which they concentrate most of their time on, this will be the first step to becoming an effective person. Habit 2: Considering the End Covey (2010b) notes that people should always consider where they would want to be in future while undertaking their daily duties. This should be done alongside an analysis of the current position they are in, their dreams, ambitions, goals and the likes. This is important because Covey (2010a) notes that people often find themselves in positions of success but they derive very little satisfaction from it. In fact, some people always achieve these high levels of success by trampling over the things they valued most in their lives. Such things could be family, friends, a dream career and the likes. Covey (2010b) therefore gives an example by noting that “If your ladder is not leaning against the right wall, every step you take gets you to the wrong place faster” (p. 2). This exposes an important aspect of imagination for the determination of the future. Imagination is the ability to envision where one would be in the future because the eyes cannot see it at the moment. This element also observes that most things are always created twice; one, in the mind and two, in reality. Just like a building follows a construction plan, the physical creation of a dream or goal follows the mental picture of it. This principle also notes that if people fail to have the strategic foresight or dream about their destiny, they allow other people to control their future. Imagination therefore needs to incorporate unique attributes within an individual which will be nourished within the framework of ethical guidelines, moral framework, and personal principles towards the achievement of the final goal. Also with the end in mind, one can be able to wake up each morning with the aim of accomplishing the desired goal by flexing personal will towards the attainment of a desirable end result. One of the most common way in which people can be able to envision a desirable end result is by having a personal mission statement. This will outline what one wants to be and do in the near and distant future. This is also the blueprint for success because it reaffirms personal uniqueness and streamlines personal goals for success. The personal mission statement also gives one the direction and the power to control destiny. This analysis can be compared to leadership and management as the first and second creations. Personal leadership is a first creation while management is the second creation. Management is perfectly shown as an example of a bottom-line focus; like how best one can achieve a given goal but leadership on the other hand is focused on defining issues one would first want to accomplish (Covey, 2010b, p. 2). Individuals or businesses, most of the time preoccupying themselves by focusing on their day to day events while totally disregarding the directions they are following. More important is the acknowledgement that the world today is very dynamic and unpredictable such that the bar for effective leadership needs to be raised to ensure people and businesses alike, stay afloat amid all these changes. This majorly requires a vision or designation to guide the day to day actions of individuals and act as a road map towards the accomplishment of one’s ultimate goal. This will involve the formulation of a given set of principles and regulations. The biggest mistake people make is disregarding the complex nature of the environment they live in and therefore they go through the motions of life, depending on the judgments they make at the time; as opposed to engaging their inner encompass for direction. Effectiveness therefore greatly dictates our survival and unlike popular perception, it does not depend on the amount of energy we expend towards the attainment of a given goal but rather the determination of whether the amount of energy expended is in the right direction. This therefore means that in business and indeed even in personal life, leadership should always come first and management second. This primarily involves understanding how the end scenario would look like. Habit 3: Prioritizing Issues Covey (2010b) observes that human beings cannot do everything that comes along their way, at the same time. This is okay because it prevents overstraining oneself. Prioritization therefore empowers individuals to decline taking up things they can’t do and instead focus their energies on matters of higher importance. Covey (2010b) observes that people are usually the creators of their lives and therefore they are in charge of their destiny. Recapping the fist two habits of an effective person, we realize that the choice of being proactive is voluntary while in the second habit, the ability to create an end vision about one’s life is imaginary but this third habit makes the imaginary aspect to one’s destiny, real. This third habit therefore encompasses the first and second habit and normalizes the process because it outlines that efforts need to be factored into the overall process on a daily basis. Many dilemmas regarding time management are also addressed in this context but this is just a fragment of the whole analysis. More specifically, this third habit revolves around the management of one’s life. In detail, it involves a deep analysis of one’s life, values and purpose. Emphasis should therefore be made on those things which appear to have most importance in value. People therefore need to utilize most of their time in doing the things they find most value in; through organization and time management and in line with the resolutions made in the second habit. Habit 4: Think Win-Win Thinking of a win-win strategy is not really about being extra nice or losing one’s edge, but more of collaborating and negotiating with third parties (Covey, 2010b, p. 4). Many people adopt a wrong way of comparing themselves to others and evaluating their actions in the eyes of others. This has created another negative culture of basing success on the failure of another person. For example, people often see themselves as a success when a fellow person falls. The same is also true where some people perceive themselves as failures just because they have seen another person succeed. This is created by the variation in human potential and the inequality in opportunities. Some people therefore ensure that if they fail, they have to bring other people down with them, and if they succeed, they cut links with those who’ve failed or in some cases; they succeed as a way of revenging. Covey (2010b) notes that many people like to play this game because it is part of human nature but he questions what fun there is in doing so. Through this trail of thought, he proposes that a win-win situation needs to be upheld because it eliminates the animosity in human relationships and fosters cooperation. This strategy is not essentially tangible because its success lies in the hands of men and in the hearts of people who endeavor seek to foster mutual benefits. This is the attribute which effective people have been able to master. Effective people therefore ensure that human relationships are to a great extent beneficial to all and have a mutual benefit to all parties involved as well. If opportunities were equated to one big pie, everyone would have a share and it would taste really good if everyone were a part of it. Covey (2010a) points out that people who have properly mastered the art of adopting a win-win scenario in contemporary business set ups, posses a number of traits. First, they posses a high integrity; meaning that they adhere to their strong moral values and principles. Secondly, they have a high level of maturity which means that they have a lot of courage when expressing themselves, and they also consider other people’s feelings while doing so. Lastly, these kinds of people have a lot of abundance in terms of mental capability because they operate under the belief that everyone will get a share of whatever resources there is to divide (Covey, 2010a, p. 19). These kinds of traits are not in tandem with the perception of a majority of people because people like to brand individuals in definite manners such as “he is bad, good, an introvert” or such like attributes. The win-win scenario requires an effective person to posses’ characters of a varied nature. For example, if one is branded as “good” and in other times “bad”, then the win-win scenario requires him/her to be both (Covey, 2010b, p. 4). This amounts to a balancing act of courage and consideration because in the win-win context, someone has to be both empathic and confident at the same time. In other times, one does not only have to be considerate or sensitive because the win-win strategy also demands a certain degree of bravery (Covey, 2010b, p. 1). To attain the middle point between courage and bravery, it is important for people to exhibit a high sense of maturity. This is the most essential aspect to a win-win strategy and effective people always exhibit it. Nonetheless, the most important acknowledgement people need to make with regard to the win-win situation is the fact that one cannot develop this unique change of character overnight because it is a process (Covey, 2010a, p. 22). In other words, one cannot adopt a win-win strategy simply by making oral assertions. There have been principled criterions which have been advanced to guide individuals adopt a win-win attitude. Key among them is the fact that people need to be distinguished from the problem; people need to focus more on the interests of an individual as opposed to their position; people need to come up with solutions which will encompass the interests of everyone and people need to come up with an option criterion where involved parties can all subscribe to, without much conflict (Covey, 2010a, p. 25). As much as these principles need to guide individuals in adopting a win-win strategy, emphasis also needs to be made on seeing a problem from another person’s point of view. Firstly, this means comprehending and giving expression on another person’s opinion; in a way that one would do for himself or herself. Secondly, one should examine the underlying issues governing certain matters as opposed to the underlying positions. Thirdly, people should take the initiative of knowing the kind of results that will be acceptable by all parties involved and lastly, people should go the extra mile to investigate how new types of options can be employed to achieve the acceptable end results (Covey, 2010a, p. 26). In a win-win situation, the end and the means are the same because although the habit is not a personality technique but a paradigm of human interaction. Personal attributes of integrity, personality and a high sense of maturity are all essential components which people need to posses in order to inculcate the win-win culture within them. A win-win culture can only flourish in environments where expectations are clarified and managed in a sound manner. Win-win attitudes can therefore only thrive in supportive systems and it is best achieved through the mastery of the following habits. Habit 5: Seek to Understand and then to be Understood Highly effective people always don’t rush to explain their side of the story before they get to understand another person’s point of view. This fact elevates the most important skill to human interaction and understanding; communication (Covey, 2010b, p. 1). Partly, the societal system is to blame because people spend endless years to learn how to read, write; but little time is dedicated to listening. In fact, people rarely get life training lessons on the importance of listening to other people. Because of these shortcomings, most people often rush to be understood first and their points put across before others can air their views. In doing so, many people become very inconsiderate because they totally disregard the views of other people, pretend to listen or selectively understand a person’s views, thereby letting many points go unheard. This often happens because many people are tuned to listen just so they can respond to a given issue instead of understanding. So, people should not spend most of their time listening to them while preparing to ask another question. Also, people should refrain from listening to other people through their life experiences and comparing other people’s stories with their own autobiography to see how it measures up. This leads to premature conclusion of what other people intent to put across. Covey (2010b) gives examples of common statements people make such as “Oh, I know just how you feel….. I felt the same way…….I had that same thing happen to me…..Let me tell you what I did in a similar situation” (p. 5). This is wrong. Because many people listen to others through their own selves, their reactions fall within a given set of responses. These responses are: judging, evaluation, probing, advising and interpreting other people’s information. In judging, people either agree or disagree about a given issue and in probing people often fall victim to asking questions from a frame of reference. However, in counseling, people often give counsel, advice or solutions to various problems but in interpretation, people often fall victims of analyzing the behaviors of others, based on their own autobiography (Covey, 2010b, p. 5). Many people therefore hide in the pretext that they are trying to relate to what a third party is saying but this assumption is wrong (Covey, 2010b, p. 5). However, in some instances, making reference to one’s own autobiography can be useful when a person asks for reference from another person’s experiences. Such scenarios may be exhibited when the level of trust between two people is high. However, it should be understood that a number of factors need to be comprehended while people engage in empathic listening. First of all, people don’t like to be manipulated; probably by one party disguising himself/herself to listen while in real sense he or she is doing so with the intent of controlling the other party (Covey, 2010a). In other words, people should always exhibit an honest desire to understand the other person. Secondly, empathic listening, though very time consuming, is very worthwhile when analyzed in the general context of problem solving. For instance, it wouldn’t be wise for a doctor to carry out a shoddy diagnosis because he/she doesn’t have a lot of time. If such a thing occurs, then the doctor may improperly treat someone, which may later lead to death. The same approach should also be employed in critical thinking because in as much as one may take a lot of time in the process initially, it saves a lot of time in later events. In fact, if such an approach is adopted in the correct manner, people can really open up, especially when they are hurting and a person is genuinely listening to them with the intention of understanding their situation. Studies for example have shown that children are usually very willing to open up to their parents more than their peers if parents can take the time to listen and not judge them (Covey, 2010a, p. 30). Hypocrisy and guile should therefore be avoided at all costs when adopting empathic listening. The time taken in empathic listening therefore should not deter an individual from adopting it because if empathic listening is not adopted, a lot of time is going to be used when trying to back up events and correcting misunderstandings. It should therefore be comprehended that people often want to be understood and the investment in time will lead to more returns if the problems are properly understood. Habit 6: Synergy Synergy is a common trait among highly effective people. Majorly, it underlies the premise that two heads are better than one and team work is an integral component to the success of any business. This concept also embraces open-mindedness to induce creativity so that new solutions can be found towards solving old problems. However, this process is not easy at all. Most importantly, it doesn’t happen overnight because people have to come together to contribute pieces of information and varied experiences towards the overall attainment of the ultimate goal. In this manner, a very comprehensive and hybrid solution can be obtained; better than one which could be obtained if only individual effort was employed. Synergy is therefore a process that effective people employ to help them discover new solutions as a group, which they wouldn’t have achieved through individual effort. Synergy firmly embraces the idea that the whole is always greater than the combination of different segments towards a solution. Covey (2010a) asserts that “One plus one equals three, or six, or sixty–you name it” (p. 31). Synergy therefore thrives on open interaction and honest exchange of ideas so that new insights can be obtained. In fact, since everyone has a different opinion towards the achievement of a common task, the probability of inventing a new approach is very high. In fact, the diversity of opinion is the real driver towards accomplishment of productive synergy. This approach therefore means that highly effective people appreciate the diversity among different people. This appreciation goes all the way in embracing psychological, emotional, and mental differences among people. On the other hand, ineffective people often prefer that everyone would just concur with their opinion so they would solve a primary issue. There is therefore a difference in defining uniformity and unity, and in the same manner, there is a difference between sameness and oneness (Covey, 2010a, p. 32). The diversity among different people should therefore not be perceived as a form of weakness but a source of strength. This attribute is what highly effective thrive on and it adds zest to life. Habit 7: Emphasis on Strengths Covey (2010b) sometimes refers to the emphasis on strengths to “sharpening of the saw”. This primarily means capitalizing on one’s greatest asset. This is also what highly effective people thrive on. It means achieving a balance between various functional areas on ones life for self renewal (Covey, 2010b, p. 7). One area of core competence is the physical aspect of it, where people practice beneficial eating; exercising and resting to improve their physical fitness. Secondly, improvement can be done in areas of social and emotional wellbeing where interpersonal relationships can be enhanced to improve personal effectiveness. Thirdly, people can improve their mental wellbeing by learning to write, read, and learn. Lastly one can improve his/her physical wellbeing by engaging in natural mediation through music, art, prayer and other forms of self mediation. As one engages in a rejuvenation of the four functional areas of human life, one can be able to grow and change for the better. In fact, improving in these core competency areas means that one can effectively improve in the other six functional areas. One’s capacity to handle new challenges and problems can also be enhanced in this manner. A lack of rejuvenation in these functional areas means that the body will become weak, the mind mechanical, the emotional status in disarray, the spirit dead and ultimately, someone is bound to be very selfish in nature. These attributes lower the effectiveness of a person. Having a positive attitude does not come without working on it. Striking a good balance in life therefore means that a person has effectively mastered the art of rejuvenating all the core areas of competence (Teague, 2010, p. 6). Basically, these factors all depend on an individual’s commitment. One can achieve this by taking the time to relax but at the same time, one can totally burn himself/herself out by attempting to do everything at the same time. Also, one can also take care of his/her emotional wellbeing by rejuvenating these functional areas but someone can also be oblivious to this fact and live an unproductive life. Vibrant energy can therefore never be achieved by procrastinating important things because this will make someone miss out on life’s best moments. Peace and harmony can therefore only be achieved through observation of good health, and exercising, but ultimately, it all boils down to revitalizing the basic elements of individual wellbeing; failure to which apathy will be experienced. Covey (2010b) affirms that “…….every day provides a new opportunity for renewal–a new opportunity to recharge yourself instead of hitting the wall. All it takes is the desire, knowledge, and skill” (p. 7). Conclusion Becoming a highly effective person is a process of internal self analysis. This study covers seven principle areas provided by Stephen Covey‘s framework that defines highly effective people. Most of the issues identified in this study are internally motivated and largely depend on self-will. They also largely outline areas which concentrate on strengtheneing the functional areas of human growth. The first habit of being proactive seeks to motivate people to take responsibility for their actions and helps them focus on areas they would best make a change; as opposed to areas they have very little impact on. The second habit of end consideration empowers people to know the direction they are following and expend their energy towards the accomplishment of their ultimate goals in life. This principle also encourages people to appreciate what is of importance to their lives and concentrate less on what is unimportant. The third principle of issue prioritization also talks more or less on the same thing but it encourages people to take up what they can do and avoid situations of burnout where they try to do everything at the same time. The fourth strategy is the win-win attitude which encourages people to appreciate other people’s concerns as opposed to theirs. The fifth habit is closely associated with the fourth because it encourages people to understand others’ point of view as opposed to theirs. The sixth and seventh habits can however be employed concurrently because they incorporate the employment of synergy and emphasize on the strengths of an individual because the latter can be used to develop synergy if used collectively. Comprehensively, the development of a highly effective person revolves around the 7 key areas of competence described above. References Covey, S. (2010a). The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Web. Covey, S. (2010b). The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Web. Harvey, G. (2008). Manage Your Life with Outlook for Dummies. New York: For Dummies. Teague, S. (2010). The Ultimate Leadership Guide. The Ultimate Guide. Torrence, J. (2010). The Importance of Happy Employees. Web. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Research Paper

Reshaping Care For Older People In Scotland Social Work Essay

This project centres on the response from a group of service users who have been diagnosed with dementia and attend a day care service in the Perth and Kinross area to a consultation regarding the future delivery of care for older people in Scotland. Clearly, the Scottish government has stated that with the population of people aged 65 and over in Scotland expected to increase by up to 21 per cent by 2016 and 62 per cent bigger by 2031, as well as the increasing cost of funding health and social care – hospital and care homes particularly, there is an urgent need to do things differently in order to be able to continue to provide sustainable and affordable and high quality care for older people in Scotland (Scottish Executive 2010). With the projected growth in the number of older people expected to create additional significant demand on care and support services; the question thus arise; what is to be done to reshape the delivery of care services in the future given these projections? The consultation exercise focused on two main areas; responsibility for paying for the personal care of older people and the type of care that service users prefer. Free personal care for older people (aged 65 and above) was introduced in Scotland in 2002 after the Community Care and Health (Scotland) Act 2002 (hereafter referred to as CCHSA 2002) received royal assent. The background for the introduction of the policy is in the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Long Term Care (1999) which states that personal care should be available after assessment, according to need and paid for from general taxation. Scotland alone as Bowes and Bell (2007) noted, of the jurisdictions of the United Kingdom implemented the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Long Term Care (as above). In respect of the CCHSA 2002 which is the legislation that implements the policy of free personal care, personal care is defined under the Regulation of Care (Scotland) Act 2001 as including help with continence management, personal hygiene, mobility, assistance with eating, support and counselling services, personal assistance such as help getting up and out of bed, as well as help with medication. Many social policy commentators and researchers as well as various stakeholders have described Scotland’s free personal care policy in various ways. Blair (2002) for instance views the free personal care policy as representing the very least that could be offered to older people with enduring ill-health, while Age Concern Scotland (2009) described the policy as successful in helping older people remain living independently in their own home instead of moving into residential care. While Dickenson et al. (2007) viewed the advent of the policy as a ‘defining moment’ in the development of political devolution in the United Kingdom, Bowes and Bell (2007) described it as a ‘flagship policy’ of the Scottish Parliament and representing a ‘considerable investment’ by the administration. In a much less enthusiastic tone however, Ferguson (2005) noted that the recommendation made by the Royal Commission on Long Term Care (stated earlier) was initially rejected by the Scottish Executive as being too costly and that it was later accepted by the Scottish Executive in order to avoid parliamentary defeat. However, despite the success of the policy thus far and its political impact as briefly highlighted above, there is a growing concern in relation to its long term sustainability especially with the projected growth in the population of older people in Scotland (mentioned earlier) and the concomitant pressure on the public purse. For example Sutherland (2008) and Bowes and Bell (2007) both highlight the inadequate consideration of the cost of the policy, as well as the report of the Scottish Parliament Audit Committee (2005) which was very critical of the Scottish Executive’s failure to fully understand the cost of the policy. Bell et al. (2006) noted that there had been an apparent shift in the balance of care towards increased provision of care at home in Scotland before the introduction of the policy of free personal care and has remained the case since the policy was introduced, and remains one of the strongest points in relation to the aims of the policy. Bell et al (2006) further posit that the free personal care policy may have served as a logical solution to what the Royal Commission on Long Term Care (1999) termed the ‘particularly problematic boundaries between health and social care’ in relation to people with chronic conditions such as dementia whose social and personal care needs result from a medical condition. If we agree with Bell et al here, we can see implications of the policy of free personal care within the integrated services and processes such as single shared assessments – designed to encourage and support flexibility in services thus providing better choice for service users, while also promoting equity through standardisation (Alaszewski et al 2004). The main aims of the policy of free personal care according to Scottish Executive (2005) include; encourage and help older people to remain and stay in their own homes for as long as is practicably possible and reasonable to do so, as well as provide personal care services on an equitable basis based on an assessment of people’s needs. Only one of the service users (out of a group of twelve) who participated in the focus group consultation for this project said she would prefer to go into residential care rather than to receive care at home. This further highlights the already well documented preference of older service users for care in their own home rather than move into residential care – a major aim of the policy. Why the Policy is important: The policy of free personal care has been shaped by, and since its inception has shaped other policies in a number of ways – both expected and un-anticipated. This interaction with other policies has been mainly in community care and spans social care and health, pensions and benefits, housing, rights and citizenship settings. One of the policy aims pursued by government in the United Kingdom has been the de-institutionalisation of social care; whereby social care is moved away from institutional settings to the community which according to Godfrey et al. (2004) reflects the general preference of older people to receive care at home and within their own communities (also expressed by the focus group participants for this project). The free personal care policy can be seen as a very important policy therefore as it supports care at home (a view shared by the focus group participants for this project) by providing older people with a lot more choice; for example, they can choose when and if they will move from home care into residential care. According to the John Rowntree foundation (2006) the policy of free personal care for older people in Scotland has created a fairer system of care as well as well as reduced means-testing and money worries for those families with modest or limited means. This is also one of the important issues raised by some of the service users who participated in the focus group I facilitated for this project. Some of the participants revealed that things would definitely have been very difficult for them if they did not get assistance with personal care. To further buttress the above point, some of the service users who participated in the focus group were not in support of the government being responsible for the provision of personal care but did however support the provision of free personal care for those with limited means or who do not have a family to support them. One of the points also highlighted by service users during consultation was that the free personal care policy has helped their carers (informal carers) as well because it allowed them more time to carry out other less hands-on support and tasks such as social outings. Some of the issues the policy aims to address include; a greater understanding of the role of the family, the provision of informal care and the mechanisms which can be further developed to provide support for the provision and recognition of the important contribution s of informal care. The overall design of the future social care makes looking at the policy of free personal care very important because of its direct and indirect interaction with other policies and areas of social care mad health, as well as housing, benefits and pensions, citizenship and rights. Some of the interactions of the policy with the wider objective of shifting the balance of care away from institutional settings towards care at home have already been mentioned. The policy of free personal care has implications for housing, for instance if more and more people are going to be receiving care at home, to be able to live independently with support therefore, perhaps a good number of houses would require adaptations especially for those service users with mobility problems whose own houses may not have been built to barrier free standards. If also look at pension credits, for example, according to the Help the Aged (2005) one implication of the introduction of the policy of free personal care is that local authorities have directed increased efforts towards service user’s income maximisation – meaning local authorities will want to make sure service users claim pension credit if they are eligible for it because it will local authorities will be paying less in fees and thus saving money. Erskine (1998) argues that the point of departure for thinking about social policy includes the consideration of social issues (for example, the changing demographic structure of society) and the experience of social groups (for example older people) and thus leads to ‘social action’ (Alcock 2008) aimed at addressing the issues identified. One of the reasons I selected the free personal care policy for my project – apart from the fact that it directly affects the service user group with whom I worked during my practice learning period, there is a wealth of evidence from research which suggests that the current system of adult social care is not sustainable in the longer term especially with the projected growth in the number of older people who will be needing care as well as the severe squeeze on public spending. Clearly, an increase in longevity would be regarded as a sign of success in the improvement of healthcare it also presents a huge challenge. Consequently, the provision of high quality care services and support for older people, given the demographic changes and reduced public finances is regarded as one of the three biggest challenges facing Scotland – alongside economic recovery and climate change (Scottish Executive 2010). The policy of free personal care is part of the overall vision of the Scottish government to modernise adult care services, make it fit for purpose, a systems that gives choice and control to service users, is responsive to the needs of a 21st century Scotland and shifts the focus away from ‘crisis response’ towards a more preventative approach (Scottish Executive (2010). The provision of high quality care and support for older people is a fundamental principle of social justice and is an important hallmark of a society that is both compassionate and caring, Scottish Executive (2010). This is one of the very reasons why the policy was selected for this project; to gather evidence from service users in relation to their views and opinions on the future of care services and support for older people in Scotland. The value of user involvement and participation in the planning and development of the services they receive cannot be over-emphasised as will be discussed in the next section of this paper. This project focuses on service users who have been diagnosed with dementia or a cognitive impairment and attend a day centre service in Perth. Part Two: Reflective Account Service users’ selection and involvement: One of the reasons I facilitated a response from the service users in my placement agency for the consultation and policy used in this project was because the service users themselves are important stakeholders and are at the receiving end of implementation – they experience it on a daily basis. Service users can be viewed as experts by experience and as such their views and opinions are invaluable assets in the planning and delivery of adult social care services. All the service users who participated in the consultation live in their own homes and are in receipt of free personal care and thus have firsthand experience of the impact of the policy and are also in a good position as (service users) to share their perspectives on how adult care and support services can be further developed to meet future needs. After initial meetings with my Link Worker and the other members of staff during which the purpose of the consultation was discussed and ethical issues looked at, I spoke with service users individually (with the assistance of three members of staff) in the day centre. I discussed the purpose of the consultation, took the names of those who indicated their willingness to participate, and informed them about the consent form to be made available before the focus group, as well as negotiated a suitable time and date. My placement agency being a day care centre which the service users attend on a daily basis, what I did was to put up information about the time, aims and date of the consultation on the notice board in the dining room as well as the one in the activity room from about two weeks before the date of the focus group. One of the reasons I did this was so that service users are constantly reminded of the date and details of the consultation. In relation to user involvement, as Ross et al. (2005) points out, there is no single blue print for user involvement as it calls for working with a diversity of perspectives. Importantly, as an emerging social worker who firmly believes in the principles of anti-oppressive practice or what Thompson and Thompson (2001) termed ’empowering practice’ I wanted an approach that would foster service user participation, and support their engagement as much as possible in the consultation. I decided to use Beresford’s (2002) democratic model of user involvement as against the consumerist model because it is much more in line with the purpose of the consultation itself – bringing about change through collective action as well as to give service users more say and control in decisions that affect their lives. In applying the democratic model of user involvement for instance, I encouraged open participation in the focus group. I did not select a particular service user to participate in the focus group discussion, rather what I did was to encourage everyone to participate and the response was very positive as twelve out of thirteen service users participated in the focus group discussion. Two of the participants in the focus group had special needs – visual and hearing impairment respectively. I arranged with one of the three members of staff who co-facilitated the focus group to work the two service users using individual work sheets to record their views and opinions. I provided each participant with a copy of the aims of the consultation, as well as a copy of the agenda for the focus group discussion. I also used one of the pre-focus group meetings that I had with the service users to encourage their involvement; for instance one of the service users asked me if I would like them to tell me only what I wanted to hear during the focus group discussion and I told the service user that I was not looking for them to tell me only what I would like to hear, rather they should express their opinions and perspectives on the issues we were going to discuss. I believe such an approach to user involvement is important for increasing the confidence of participants in the focus group. Data collection: I used a qualitative rather than a quantitative method of data collection for the project and this was mainly informed by a consideration of what Becker and Bryman (2004) termed the main concerns and preoccupations of the qualitative method – actors (for example service users), meanings and descriptions, as well as an emphasis on flexibility, process and context. The main qualitative method I used was the facilitation of a focus group with the service users in my placement agency as participants. I used a focus group approach to gather data from the service users because it generates data in a narrative rather numerical form. It was also very important for the data collection method to be flexible and take account of the circumstances of the data subjects – in this case the service users are elderly people with dementia or a cognitive impairment and it was very important to put this into consideration. The focus group approach was the most suitable method because it provided a forum within which the service users could discuss important aspects of a policy which directly affects them, and their views on the future of adult social care services is very useful because they are important stakeholders. If we also look at it from the point of view of service user empowerment and anti-oppressive practice, the focus group approach also gives the service users control as they are able to share and discuss their experiences and the interaction amongst the different participants would generate a lot of data as well as being useful and enjoyable. Other sources of data used in the project include; government policy and legislative documents, literature review, as well as publications/evidence reviews from voluntary groups/organisations such as Age Concern Scotland and the John Rowntree Foundation. Ethical and effective practice: As part of the consideration of the ethical aspects of my work with the service users who participated in the focus group which I facilitated in the course of carrying out this project, some of the things I did include; encouraging participation was voluntary and that consent was obtained from all the service users who agreed to participate in the focus group. I provided each service user with a consent form which they signed as evidence that they consented voluntarily and that they had the right to withdraw their participation at anytime. I also made sure none of the service users was intentionally or indirectly excluded from participating in the focus group (as mentioned earlier), or disadvantaged. As mentioned earlier, I two of the participants in the focus group had special needs – one was visually impaired but not blind while the other was hearing impaired and used hearing aids. Some of the things I did to enable their participation in the focus group for instance includes; providing written information in large print format as well as making arrangements for one of the co-facilitators to work with them. I also ensured that they were able to take part in the discussion; for example, asking them politely for their opinions while also making sure (given group dynamics) that the discussion was not being dominated by only those who could actively discuss. Part Three: Assessing the Impact on Users and other Key Stakeholders Several participants in the focus group revealed that the free personal care policy has been of help to them and has enabled them to remain at home rather than moving into residential care. Nearly all the participants agreed that personal care should remain free. However, there were strong responses from some of the participants in relation to responsibility for paying for personal care; one participant was very strong on his position that the family should be responsible for paying for personal care, another argued that while he was not against the idea of the family taking responsibility for paying for personal care, he was being considerate of those who did not have a family or who simply could not afford it because they had very limited or no means at all. The participant with the latter argument suggested that older people should be means tested for the receipt of free personal care. Another participant also argued that older people should continue to receive free personal care because they had spent their working years paying taxes and national insurance and should therefore be taken care of by the state. All participants in the focus group emphasized the important role of informal care and the support they receive from their family members, only one of the participants revealed that she would prefer to go into residential care – her reason being that she lives alone in her home and would feel safer in residential care. Several participants said they would prefer to remain in their own homes for as long as possible and free personal care has been contributory to making this possible. There is a strong suggestion from the government documents consulted for this project and publications from key organisations such as the John Rowntree Foundation, that the free personal care policy has been very successful as confirmed also by the participants in the focus group for this project. However, there is also a strong tone of concern (in most of the government publications and evidence reviews) vis-a-vis the financial implications of the policy given the projected growth in the number of older people by the year 2032. For example, if we look at housing, a greater proportion of older people receiving care at home would perhaps increase the demand for housing and housing related services (Scottish Executive 2010). Age Concern Scotland (2009) noted with concern that much of Scotland’s housing stock is not easily adapted for someone with mobility problems, and with the balance of care increasingly shifting towards care at home (with free personal care and personalisation as potent drivers) there are implications for local services and the design of communities in the future. Most of the participants in the focus group were diagnosed with an early onset of dementia – meaning their dementia has not reached an advanced stage and so do not lack capacity. One impact of free personal care for this group of service users is that it has given them choice; they can choose to receive care at home or take up residential care. Nearly all the participants expressed preference for care at home, increased support, choice and flexibility for their family and informal carers, as well as support to keep them (person with dementia) in their own home for as long as possible – even during advanced stages of dementia. Participants also said they would like to see more choice and control; some of the participants expressed disappointment in the fact that while they are often consulted with about their opinions, some of the important things they need are not provided. The service users would like to be more involved in decision making as one of the participants in the focus group said; ‘I can tell you a problem that is niggling me and close to my heart and you can go away and promise to do something about it without doing it.’ Generally, the participants in the focus group appeared to be more concerned about the quality of the services they receive than the cost or who pays for it. The participants all said they wanted services that are reliable as well as responsive to their individual and changing needs. Two of the participants with other disabilities – visual and hearing impairment respectively, also agreed that while the free personal care policy has added to the financial resources at their disposal, they still feel they have a number of unmet needs. For example, they mentioned transportation and being able to go on social outings, cleaning their homes as well as taking care of their garden as some of their needs which remain unmet. They also appear to have a holistic view of what free personal care entails; they believe it covers all aspects of care for older people. These two participants also noted that while the free personal care policy has enabled them to receive care at home, it is likely that as their conditions deteriorate they may still have to go into residential care and this may perhaps be the case for the larger proportion of older people with disabilities. In terms of the wider implications of the free personal care policy, one of main objectives of the reshaping care programme (Scottish Executive 2010) for which this project is based overall, as I mentioned earlier is a shift in focus from crisis response to preventative approaches, Scottish Executive (2010). This renewed emphasis on preventative and early intervention approaches by the Scottish government Dickinson et al. (2007) believe would be helped as free personal care may make older people more willing to contact their respective local authorities and thus provide some scope for early intervention and preventative work. As we can infer from the findings and evidence from research presented in this report thus far, the provision of free personal care is just one aspect of the overall picture of services and support for older people in Scotland. There are (as discussed earlier) significant implications for other key areas of public policy including housing, transport, pensions as well as employment. Part Four: Critical Analysis The introduction of the policy of free personal care in Scotland as Ferguson (2005) puts it, marks the beginning of policy divergence between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom. Ferguson’s assertion also echoes Mooney and Wright’s (2009) account of the difference in the way the four nations which constitute the United Kingdom view, experience and organise policy responses to their social problems. The policy has been largely welcomed and viewed by various stakeholders as part of a Scottish solution to Scottish problems. Drake’s (2001) assertion that social policies are not created in a vacuum but are guided by values, principles and objectives is perhaps useful here when we look at the overarching principles and values which underlie the policy of free personal care. For example, Scoot and Mooney (2009) posit that the promotion of shared citizenship and social justice, as well as the alleviation of the effects of economic inequality are some of the essential principles of the policy. While these principles and values were never quite in doubt in relation to what the policy stands for, one of the points raised during consultation (in the focus group with participants from my placement agency) and as stated by the Care Development Group (2001) is the issue of equity of access for different user groups – in this case for example, service users with dementia. According to the Care Development Group, free personal care is right in principle because it removes the discrimination previously encountered by older people with chronic or degenerative conditions such as dementia who require personal care. The findings in this project are critically analysed (in this section of the paper) in relation to the specific topics covered in the focus group. The three topics are; responsibility for paying for care, the preferred type of care, and planning for the future. Responsibility for paying for care: As I mentioned in previous sections of this paper, participants in the focus group expressed mixed views concerning responsibility for paying for personal care. Although most participants agreed that personal care should be provided for older people and paid for by the government, there were some participants who held very strong opposing views and argued that the family should either pay for personal care or at least make some financial contribution (co-payment) towards it. Another participant also suggested the introduction of means-testing to the policy so that only older people with limited means receive free personal care. Overall, participants in the focus group discussion did not appear to be too concerned about the cost or who pays for personal care. The participants revealed that they were more concerned about the quality of the services they receive, ensuring that such services meet their individual needs and are able to remain in their own homes for as long as possible and spend time with their families. Sutherland (2008) reminds us that while free personal care is currently available to older people at the point of delivery, someone still had to pay for it – presently the taxpayer. On the question of who should be responsible for paying for personal care, findings from the focus group fall under two broad categories; selective access and universal provision. Both categories perhaps raise a number of interrelated issues including; rights, citizenship, choice, empowerment, as well as the redistribution of welfare resources which according to Hills (2008) is central to the appraisal of social policy. If we apply Drake’s (2001) conception of the function of rights to the above findings from the focus group, most participants view free personal care as something they have a right to (as older Scots who had spent their working lives serving the country in different ways) receive and it confers certain benefits on them; choice and empowerment particularly as they can now choose whether to receive care at home or move into residential care as one participant even revealed ‘at least I will not have to sell my house to pay for my personal care.’ While it was evident from the focus group as I mentioned earlier, that service users had a holistic view of what free personal care entails, some of them were also not aware of or perhaps considered the wider implications of the cost of the policy – for example the implications for housing as I also discussed earlier. The cost of the policy in the longer term has been highlighted in worrying terms by many writers and commentators on social policy, as well as the by Scottish government. Considered against the backdrop of Scotland’s changing demographics, evidence from the literature consulted for this project suggests that the policy may not be sustainable in the long term. For example, in an independent report on the free personal care policy by Lord Sutherland (2008) it was argues that a more holistic view of public funding arrangement would be required because the policy is only sustainable (under the current arrangement) over the next five years after which the impact of a rapid increase in the number of older people and demographic change will begin to set in. The question then arises; why was the financial implication of the policy not strongly considered before the machinery of implementation was set in motion? There are a number of arguments emanating from several of the literature consulted for this project in relation to the financial cost of the policy and there are suggestions as I highlighted earlier, that costing the policy has been inadequate and that the policy had more of a political aim (Sutherland 2001; Eccles 2001). Blair (2002) posits that social policy plays a pivotal role in the construction of later life itself. Blair’s argument that older people are often discussed and defined in reports through the psychological distance of demography, deficit and economics (Blair 2002) is evident in most of the reports and evidence reviews consulted for this project thus beclouding the reality that many older people are already doing well for themselves without or with very little state support as one of the participants in the focus group discussion said ‘we are already doing enough to take care of ourselves but what is wrong with receiving free personal care, have we not worked for it’? The preferred type of care: As I reported in previous sections of this paper, only one of the participants in the focus group said she would prefer to move into a residential home. She cited fear and insecurity when her health deteriorates as the main reason for her choice of residential care. As is already well documented in research (Dickinson et al. 2007) older service users would prefer to stay out of the formal system of care for as long as possible given the choice. Although participants in t

San Diego State University Gianni Schicchi Classic Performance Analysis Paper

research paper help San Diego State University Gianni Schicchi Classic Performance Analysis Paper.

I’m working on a humanities project and need support to help me understand better.

For the humanities, a REVIEW of a live performance is required. The performance arts include concerts and recitals [of all kinds]; theatrical productions [plays, opera and musicals]; and dance [ballet and Modern dance]. Do not hesitate to venture outside the box to experience a type of performance that could take you to a world you may have never expected to visit, keeping in mind that many of the performing arts appeal to more than one of the senses . . . an interrelationship of imagery, music, movement and words. As you select the event, commit yourself to the entire performance – whether Native American tribal dances or a traditional Shakespearean play – and lose yourself in the quality of the performance.This is your opportunity to explore an area of personal interest in the performing arts – music classics; great theater; and Modern dance. The primary criteria in choosing the type of experience is that you will be able to directly relate your experience to the study of the humanities through the arts. To ease the mind as to what is acceptable, five choices are offered [following page] from the various performance types:Ludwig van Beethoven’s Ninth SymphonyGiacomo Puccini’s Gianni SchicchiWilliam Shakespeare’s Romeo and JulietteMN Dance Company Room with a ViewAlvin Ailey’s RevelationsUse one of these classic performances to fulfill the requirement for a Live Digital Performance. Certainly there are hundreds of other performances that would easily meet the criteria for this assignment; if you would like approval for a substitute [the Social Distancing Festival website offers a variety of performances], keeping in mind that the performance should be one of substance and have been recorded live, please let me know as soon as possible. When the performance ends, you are asked to describe [including all sensory elements], analyze [the intended or implied meaning], and evaluate [did it meet your expectations] the performance using terminology and vocabulary you have acquired during the term.Download and use the Performance Review worksheet [docx] downloadas a guide for reporting your discoveries and remember that observations must take place during the CURRENT term.
San Diego State University Gianni Schicchi Classic Performance Analysis Paper

BUSN 491 Discussion Board Week 3

BUSN 491 Discussion Board Week 3. I’m stuck on a Business question and need an explanation.

Review the results of your first Entrepreneurship interview. Post the insights gained during the interview.
– 250-300 words
– Effectual Entrepreneurship (2nd ed., 2017) by Read, Sarasvathy, Dew, & Wiltbank. Publisher: Routledge (Paperback ISBN: 9781138923782; E-book ISBN: 9781315684826)

Bird in Hand Principles — text Chapter 10

BUSN 491 Discussion Board Week 3

University of South Florida Omans Economic Profile Government Expenditure Case Study

University of South Florida Omans Economic Profile Government Expenditure Case Study.

TASKS: After reading the case study, do the following tasks 1. Using at least two methods to calculate GDP, describe what comprises Oman’s economy. Make sure to use the information above in writing what makes up Oman’s GDP. (5 marks) 2. Can the Sultanate rely on agriculture to grow its economy? Justify your answer. (2.5 marks) 3. What will happen to Oman’s GDP if government expenditure is reduced? Explain your answer. (2.5 marks) Answers should be uploaded as an MS Word file. Make sure to put your references at the end of the report.550-600 words excluding cover page and references case study below
University of South Florida Omans Economic Profile Government Expenditure Case Study