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NSU W3 Leadership of Nurses to Improve Quality & Cost Effective Care Discussion

NSU W3 Leadership of Nurses to Improve Quality & Cost Effective Care Discussion.

I’m working on a health & medical discussion question and need an explanation to help me learn.

Week 3: Online Class ActivityNo unread replies.11 reply.Discuss a leadership strategy the advanced practice nurse can incorporate to improve quality and cost-effective careInitial post due by Thursday and one reply by SundaySee instructions following the grid Graduate Online Class Activities Grading Rubric-3 pointsGraduate Online Class Activities Grading Rubric-3 pointsCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Initial Post1.5 pts Proficient The initial posting is substantive demonstrating critical thinking and thoughts delving deeper into the discussion topic and course content and includes a minimum of one professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal.0.75 pts Competent The initial posting is somewhat substantive and includes one reference from a professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal and/or completed by Friday at 11:59 PM/EST.0.25 pts Novice The initial posting is not substantive or submitted after Friday at 11:59 PM/EST. The initial post does not include a reference from a professional peer-reviewed scholarly. Posted on same day as response post.1.5 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Response1 pts Proficient The response is a substantive interaction that builds on the ideas of others, delving deeper into the discussion question and course content in response to a colleague. The response includes one reference from a professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal and meets activity criteria.0.5 pts Competent The response is somewhat substantive and includes one reference from a professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal.0 pts Novice The response does not have a reference from professional peer-reviewed scholarly journal and/or did not post and/or posted on same day as initial posting.1 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeClarity/APA0.5 ptsProficientPosting and responses are clear, concise, and in proper APA format for citations and references. No grammatical errors are noted. The entry adds worth to the dialogue and the comments build on the previous statements of others.0.25 ptsCompetentPosting and responses are somewhat clear. Proper APA format for citation and reference noted in some areas but some APA infractions are apparent. Minor grammatical errors are noted. The entry adds to the dialogue, but some repetition and/or unclear thought is noted.0 ptsNovicePosting and responses are unclear. APA format not followed. Grammatical errors are noted. The entry does not build on previous dialogue.0.5 ptsTotal Points: 3
NSU W3 Leadership of Nurses to Improve Quality & Cost Effective Care Discussion

A Midsummer Nights Dream, one of Shakespeare’s best known and widely read comedies, delivers an enchanting, humorous comedy with a number of interesting plotlines. In the play, he reveals his countless views on life and its themes. One such theme is love. Love is a very complex subject that has been explored by many people in our world because of its mysterious nature. There are certain characteristics of love that are entirely unpredictable and even outside our own control. William Shakespeare puts these general concepts together and incorporates them into the reputable comedy. In the play, Shakespeare accurately shows that love isn’t always what it seems to be. His superior use of dialogue between characters and imaginative fiction give the reader an understanding of the hardships, difficulties and different “forms” of love. Throughout the play, he emphasizes these different forms of love; he shows that love is blind, inconstant, and cruel to anybody unto which its mysterious power touches. Love is a part of life that can be ever-changing. Shakespeare demonstrates that love is not always constant, and can change in very unpredictable patterns. This theme is most evident among the various couples within the play. At the beginning of the play, Lysander and Demetrius created a “love triangle” with Hermia at the apex and Helena being almost non-existent. Both men worshiped Hermia, begging for her acceptance, and trying to gain her father’s trust. As the comedy progresses, the triangle shifts magically in an abrupt manner. Lysander, who in one instant is madly in love with Hermia, suddenly awakens to find himself obsessed with Helena. Demetrius also fell in love with Helena, experiencing the same desire as Lysander. Both men went from loving Hermia to loving Helena very quickly. After loving Helena for a short while, Lysander quickly went back to loving Hermia after being cured of the fairy magic. True love and life-giving vows aren’t easily broken, but are still malleable. The switching of couples shows that love doesn’t last and is capable of changing in an instant despite anyone’s best efforts. Love doesn’t always have a happy ending; in fact, it can be very cruel by instigating confusion, fights, and carrying sorrowful emotion. Lysander originally swore his life to Hermia in the beginning of the play. He was willing to do anything to attain her love and to make her happy. However, love-in-idleness caused him to fall in love with Helena instead. He then swore to Helena, and practically dumped Hermia after calling her an Ethiope, tawny tartar, vile thing, and other horrible insults. Hermia was very upset and had no idea of why Lysander would say those types of things to her after swearing to her. In her devastation, she even went as far as saying that she was going to kill herself. Love’s cruel nature caused her to gain a different mindset even about her own well-being. Love also had an impact on Helena and Hermia’s childhood friendship as well. The arguing between Demetrius and Lysander upset both of the women. Hermia feels cheated, lost, and confused, and Helena is the first person she can find to blame. Helena, however, thinks everything is some kind of cruel trick against her, and in turn blames Hermia for joining the men in her mockery. They continue fighting, shouting insults, and venting anger on each other. Because of the effect of love relating to Lysander and Demetrius, Helena and Hermia’s relationship changed completely. The friendship they had before the argument contrasts greatly to their hostility afterwards. This change results in the destruction of the women’s trust in each other. Another example of cruel love can be found in Demetrius and Helena’s relationship in the beginning of the play. Helena was begging for Demetrius’s love, offering to be his spaniel, and openly allowing him to use her. This passionate love, however, is not returned by Demetrius, for he is blinded by his love for Hermia. He completely ignores her, despite Helena being madly in love with him. Demetrius’s ignorance of Helena is a cruel act of rejection, and causes Helena suffer even more. A final place where Shakespeare makes this theme evident is in the plotline of the “play within a play”. The play was supposed to be a “comedy”, but was more of a tragedy then anything else. The two lovers, Thisby and Pyramus, loved each other so much that they were willing to do anything. Stricken with grief, each of them tragically ended up committing suicide after thinking that their partner was dead. This demonstrates that love’s cruelty can cause immense pain, sorrow, and can even put lives at stake. Love can also cause anybody to act upon impulse without any rational thought. This blind love starts complications and is difficult to control because of the lack of logical thought. Both Lysander and Demetrius happened to fall in love with Helena due to love-in-idleness. They praised her, swore vows to her, and even fought over her. Despite Helena wanting them both away, both of these men senselessly persisted. Puck makes note of these behaviors and blatantly states his opinion: “Lord, what fools these mortals be!” Their persistence is an example of lack of logical thought and openly shows Shakespeare’s interpretation of blind love as he incorporates it into the comedy. Blind love is also evident in the two lovers, Lysander and Hermia. They made a rash decision to run away despite knowing that punishment could be very severe if they were caught. They feel strengthened by the mere thought of “togetherness” and are willing to take risks that they would not normally think of taking. The natural excitement of love causes them to be artificially confident and eliminates their reasoning. This sort of impulsive behavior demonstrates Shakespeare’s theme of blind love. Perhaps the greatest example of this type of love deals with Titania and her strange affinity to Bottom. She madly fell in love with Bottom (due to love-in-idleness) regardless of the fact that he had the head of an ass. Towards the end of the play, she is seen caressing his ears, winding him in her arms, and putting flowers in his head. Her love for the ass shows that she unconsciously decided to look with the mind rather than the eye. Titania’s lacking ability to do this shows that her reason has disappeared, and has blindly fallen under the intoxication of love. Shakespeare skillfully develops each of these themes regarding the difficulties of love within the play. Love can be very powerful, cruel, and on occasion intoxicating to the point of stupidity. The shifting love triangle, fighting, breaking of friendships, and irrational thinking all illustrate these themes of love. Through all these examples, Shakespeare subtly makes it known to the reader that true love is hard to come by and should be cherished when given the opportunity. Even though true love is still very much a human ideal, the reader is continually reminded that love isn’t always what it seems. It places an immense burden of responsibility and dedication onto anyone’s shoulders. Shakespeare even makes this connection himself as it is directly stated in the play by Lysander: “The course of true love never did run smooth.”
Analyzing Fortune100 Companies. I’m stuck on a Accounting question and need an explanation.

Q1. Review the 14 financial ratios and make some conclusions or judgments about the values, trends, or comparisons with the other companies. For example, if one company has a significantly higher debt-to-equity ratio than the other two, what might be driving this.
Q2. Has the company you are analyzing seen any major changes in its ratios in the past three years? Which of the three companies is most liquid in the most current year?
Q3. How has your company managed short-term liabilities over the last three years?
Q4. Analyze liquidity, profitability, financing (leverage), and activity for your company. Where is it strong?
Q5. Consider the DuPont framework to interpret the results and make sure you make a judgment about your company’s financial position based upon the data.
Your well-written paper must be 8 to 10 pages in length, in addition to the title page and reference page. It must contain 6 references (at least 4 of which are scholarly/peer reviewed).
Analyzing Fortune100 Companies

WCU Neighborhood Oil Drilling Policy and Kantian Ethics in Los Angeles Essay

WCU Neighborhood Oil Drilling Policy and Kantian Ethics in Los Angeles Essay.

I’m working on a philosophy writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

Consider a policy that governs or shapes some aspect of community life within LA (e.g., neighborhood oil drilling, healthcare, housing, or labor policy), and identify the ways this policy affects a community or subcommunity within LA. Apply one of the moral theories that we have examined over the course of the semester (Plato’s theory of justice, Aristotle’s virtue ethics, utilitarianism, Kantian ethics, etc.) and determine the moral value of the policy–in doing so, explain the basic elements of the theory which you apply, identify the relevant material details of the case, and evaluate the policy in light of these considerations. Does the policy adequately respond to the needs of the community, and if not, what do you think ought to be done? Identify and explain what you take to be the most powerful objection or counter-argument to the position you have developed. Explain how you think the objection can be responded to.Your essay should be around four pages, double-spaced, in twelve-point font, with 1″ margins. In the paper, your aim should be to develop a position by explaining the details of a situation and constructing arguments that could convince a reasonable interlocutor who isn’t knowledgeable of the subject matter. That means your paper should both provide context for understanding the theory discussed, and you should clearly detail the reasoning process by which you arrive at your conclusions. For additional guidance in planning and developing your paper, see:, and feel free to contact me with questions. You may use either MLA or APA formatting, and you should cite any relevant article or text in developing your argument.For additional scholarly research and explanation, the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is an excellent starting point: paper is worth 60 points and will be graded on the clarity of your thesis (6 pts), its being well formatted, grammatical, and well written (12 pts), the accuracy and informativeness of its content generally (18), your use of sources (6 pts), and the structure and thoughtfulness of your argument (18 pts).
WCU Neighborhood Oil Drilling Policy and Kantian Ethics in Los Angeles Essay

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write my term paper First, introduce a goal you would like to achieve by increasing the commitment of others. Next, using Table 8-1: Essentially Ethical and Honest Influence Tactic in Chapter 8 of the text (DuBrin, 2019), select two items from the list of interest to you and conduct research on how to effectively use each tactic. Requirements: 2-3

Languages homework help

Languages homework help. This is a paper that is focusing on the Evaluating Significance of Findings Assignment. The paper also provides additional information to use in writing and preparing the assignment well.,Evaluating Significance of Findings Assignment paper,Assignment: Evaluating Significance of Findings,Part of your task as a scholar-practitioner is to act as a critical consumer of research and ask informed questions of published material. Sometimes, claims are made that do not match the results of the analysis. Unfortunately, this is why statistics is sometimes unfairly associate with telling lies. These misalignments might not be solely attributable to statistical nonsense, but also “user error.” One of the greatest areas of user error is within the practice of hypothesis testing and interpreting statistical significance. As you continue to consume research, be sure and read everything with a critical eye and call out statements that do not match the results.,For this Assignment, you will examine statistical significance and also meaningfulness based on sample statements.,To prepare for this Assignment:,Review the Week 5 Scenarios found in this week’s Learning Resources and select two of the four scenarios for this Assignment., For additional support, review the Skill Builder: Evaluating P Values and the Skill Builder: Statistical Power, which you can find by navigating back to your Blackboard Course Home Page. From there, locate the Skill Builder link in the left navigation pane.,For this Assignment:,Firstly, critically evaluate the two scenarios you selected based upon the following points:,Secondly, critically evaluate the sample size., Thirdly, critically evaluate the statements for meaningfulness., Also, critically evaluate the statements for statistical significance., Based on your evaluation, provide an explanation of the implications for ,social change,.,Use proper APA format and citations, and referencing.,Ensure that you follow the instructions provided keenly. Marking of the assignment is on how you do the task and how you submit the assignment too. In case of any question feel free to ask your instructor for more guidelines before doing the assignment.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Languages homework help

The Development Of Frank And Of Rita English Literature Essay

At the beginning of the play, the audience see Frank in a sort of interesting way. The fact that Frank is looking at the bookshelf leaves us wanting to know what will happen next. Frank, at this point, begins talking to himself “Where the hell…? Eliot?” this shows us that he is desperately trying to find a particular book, but this is not true as he pulls out the book and pulls out a bottle of whisky behind it. All of a sudden, the audience’s impression of Frank changes from someone who is obsessed in reading, to someone who likes to hit the bottle. As the scene progresses, Frank is talking to Julia (Frank’s partner). We understand that Frank hates teaching in the Open University “Oh God, why did I take this on?” From this, it seems as if Frank regret his choice in taking up this job. Frank answers his own question, “Yes, I suppose I did take it on to pay for the drink”. This shows that Frank had taken this job in order to pay for his drink. We see that Frank’s important thing in his life is to drink. When Rita entered Frank’s room, the audience can see that Frank does not fully understand nature. When Rita said that the poster is “very erotic”, Frank says: “Actually I don’t think I’ve looked at it for about ten years, but yes, I suppose it is.” From this, we learn that Frank does not really appreciate life. Later on in Act 1 Scene 1, Frank describes Rita as “the first breath of fresh air that’s been in this room for years.” This shows That Frank is bored of teaching student in contrast to her. He is interested in teaching new students. At the end of the scene, we see that Frank states about his feelings as a teacher in Open University. Frank describes himself as an “appalling teacher” and does not “like the hours” at the Open University. This shows the audience, how he does not like his job in spite of the fact that there is a “breath of fresh air” and that he feels Rita deserves the likes of someone better than himself. In the beginning of Act 1 Scene 2, we see Rita oiling Frank’s door, Willy Russell highlights that Frank is very lazy and that Rita is sort of doing everything for him. This makes the audience believe that Frank does not really care about the environment. We have seen that Frank does not really enjoy teaching students at the Open University. But, as scene two concludes. We see that Frank becomes interested in teaching and begins to talk about the way in which Rita should concentrate on the reason she has come to the university. “Yes. And you’re here for an education. Come on Forster!” The audience are given the impression that Rita has already started persuading Frank as he now has a reason to come to work and be excited about it. While there are many ways in which Frank’s character is shown throughout the beginning of the play, the same goes with Rita. We first see Rita when she comes raging through the door and tells Frank to get the “bleedin’ handle on the door. You wanna get it fixed”. The audience reacts to Rita by noticing that she is an arrogant person. We also get the feeling that Rita is very confident. But this is not true when she said to “pack the course in” and later saying “I’m not, y’know confident like…” in response to a question Frank asked about her willingness to learn. At the beginning of the play, the audience see that Rita wants to be a genius. Frank asks Rita “why did you enrol in first place?” after which Rita answers that she wants to “know everything”. We know that she is eager for knowledge, when she asked, “What does assonance mean?”, “See I wanna discover meself first.” At the beginning of the play, we also learn that Rita is inexperienced in a number of ways. The first clue of Rita’s inexperience is through the quote from Frank: “Its’ the sort of poetry you can’t understand – unless you happen to have a detailed knowledge of the literary references.” Likewise, Rita seems to be “under the impression that all books are literature” and so Frank explains to her why that is not true. Her inexperience is also shown in the beginning of the play when Rita says that she has a “lot to learn” and that she describes herself as “dead ignorant”. As the play, progresses, Frank does not look as if he has changed much at all. This is shown from what Rita says in Act 2 Scene 2, “Just that I thought you’d started reforming yourself.” This shows that Rita has not really influenced Frank. An example of him not changing is when Rita asks him, “Are you still on this stuff?” after which Frank admits to continue drinking: “I need the drink to help me step delicately through it.” At the beginning of the play, we saw many ways in which Frank’s relationship with Julia was not really exotic. Frank then says that Julia would be upset and jealous if Frank were to go to the theatre with Rita. He says “it would be deaf and dumb breakfasts for a week.” This gives us the impression that Frank cares about Julia and does not want to upset her. However, after his visit to France, Frank’s attitude towards Julia changes as, he talks to Rita about his trip to France, Frank says “Julia left me”, in a “matter of fact tone”. We can see that Frank’s character tells us how secure he really is. At the beginning of the play, Frank felt secure, but throughout the play, it suggests that he is very vulnerable. The first sign that we see his lack of confidence when in the end of Act 1 Scene 8 Frank says that he “doesn’t know if he wants” to teach her, because he says that what Rita possesses is very precious. Frank likes the way Rita is at the moment; this can be shown when Frank invites Rita to his house, early in the middle of the play and when Frank sweet-talks Rita at the beginning. Frank uses many phrases to praise Rita, most of which aren’t taken seriously by Rita: “Ah, but Rita, if I was yours would I stop out for days?”; “What I’d actually like to do is take you by the hand and run out of this room forever”; Rita – why didn’t you walk in here twenty years ago?” After her visit to summer school and London, Frank says nothing. At the beginning of the play, Frank is the only one, who has any influence on her. But, throughout the play, the number of people having influence on her has increased. Rita begins sharing a flat with a friend called Trish. Rita admires Trish and wants to be like her, as a result changing her accent to the one Trish has. She says that she want to “talk properly” Frank is angry that she has changed her accent. After Frank tells Rita to “stop it” Frank begins to see that Trish is having a major influence on her. When Rita begins her friendship with the students at the university, Frank seems rather concerned about it. Rita says that she has “only been talkin’ to them for five minutes and he’s inviting me to go abroad with them all.” instantly Frank says that she “can’t go”. To prevent her going to France, Frank begins to make up excuses of how she cannot go, because of her exams. Rita, however, resists this and so Frank alters his excuse to how she cannot go because she has got her “results to wait for…” The audience see Frank’s fear about the matter through when he says “Is there much point in working towards an examination if you’re going to fall in love and set off for the South of…” This is unusual as Rita never mentioned about being in love. We see that Frank is a paranoid because he does not want Rita to go on the holiday with them and be influenced by then. At the beginning of Act 1 Scene 5, the audience learn that Denny (Rita’s husband) has burnt all of Rita’s books because she had changed from how she was when he married her. Instead of trying for a baby, Rita wants to discover herself before doing so and that is precisely why Denny has acted in the way he did. Rita feels that she need to talk to Frank at the university rather than staying at home and fighting with Denny. We see that Rita’s confidence is growing this is shown when Frank asked “Do you want to abandon this course?” and Rita says “No. No!” in a, determined way. This shows how her confidence has increased over her time at the Open University, and realising that being educated is more important than anything else. In the end of Act 1 Scene 5 and the beginning of Act 1 Scene 6, the audience see that Rita is determined to explore new things. In the end of Act 1 Scene 5, we learn how keen Rita is to see a live play; “Well come on – hurry up – I’m dead excited. I’ve never seen a live play before.” It is shown also when she says: “I had to come an’ tell y’, Frank, last night, I went to the theatre! A proper one, a professional theatre.” At the end of Act 1 Scene 6, Frank invites Rita to his house, but we realise that Rita has a couple of problems. Firstly, Rita is worried about the attendance of Denny and how he would react if he were to come. “Will you bring Denny?”; “(puzzled) all right.” after which Rita says, “What shall I wear?” This shows that Rita feels that she is different in terms of class. It means that someone who is in same class does not ask what kind of clothes they would be required to wear. Secondly, just asking Denny if he wanted to visit Frank’s house, Denny went mad and they “had a big fight about it.” Rita also says that the wine was a factor in her attendance. When Frank says that he wouldn’t mind if she’d “walked in with a bottle of Spanish plonk”, Rita then says that “It was Spanish” and this is amusing to some level as what Frank consider to be rubbish wine, is precisely what Rita had brought along. In Act 1 Scene 7 we see that Rita’s character is also the reason for her difference to Frank and his friends. Rita wants to be like them “I wanna talk seriously with the rest of you…” Rita then tells Frank about how she visited the pub. We see that Rita highlights about that she cannot fit in either two classes and says that she “can’t talk to the likes of them on Saturday” because she “can’t learn their language”, after which she describes herself as a “half-caste.” At the beginning of Act 2 Scene 1, the audience realise that Rita has changed. We see that she “is dressed in new, second-hand clothes.” This shows that although the clothes are second-hand, they are new to her in terms of class difference. Rita begins to make friends with the students at the Open University. This is shown when Rita says, “For students they don’t half come out with some rubbish y’know” and when she says, “I’ve only been talkin’ to them for five minutes and he’s inviting me to go abroad with them all” this shows that there is a powerful friendship between them. This makes Rita that she is a middle-class Liverpudlian. The audience see that Rita’s character changes in terms of how open she is it also changes in terms of how secure she is. After her visit to both summer school and London, we can see that she is increasingly secure when she says “I’m havin’ the time of me life; I am y’know…. I feel young, you know like them down there.” This makes Frank more insecure, and makes Rita more secure. Willy Russell keeps us interested by doing this. At the beginning of the play, Rita’s response to a question about Peer Gynt is: “Do it on the radio.” Here she does not realise that expressing opinions do not exactly pass exams. As the play progresses we see that she has developed educationally. At the end of Act 2 Scene 2, Frank says that Rita’s essay “wouldn’t look out of place with” the other students’ and so Rita has therefore begun to realise that passing the exams are more important than opinions. We also see that she becomes educated when she delivers correctly a poem she learnt at summer school from memory. Eventually, we learn about how Frank is at the end of the play and how he has changed from being the person he was earlier on. At the beginning of Act 2 Scene 3, the audience are aware that Frank is drunk. We can see this from how he is swearing. He refers to his students as “mealy mouthed pricks”. He describes his lecture he had just given as the best lecture, because we are told that he had fallen of the rostrum. At the beginning of the play, we saw how Frank really liked Rita for who she was and the fact that she was “a breath of fresh air” meant that she somewhat differed to the other students in the university. Later on though, we begin to see how insecure Frank becomes to a change in Rita’s class, as she moves towards the middle class, by making friends at the Open University. We can see a change in Frank’s character; at the beginning of the play Frank was flattering Rita, he now seems more hostile towards her. After Rita begins talking about her essay on Blake, Frank states his view on how the essay is “not wrong” but he “doesn’t like it.” During Act 2 Scene 4, Frank is also made out bothered during a conversation regarding work places. When Rita talks about her change in work place, Frank then goes on to ask, “Is Mr.Tyson one of your customers?”, after which he says, “Perhaps – perhaps you don’t want to waste your time coming here anymore?”. Yet again, Frank is saying something that is not relevant to Rita’s words; Rita never mentioned anything such as working at the café full time – she has just said that she likes “to be with them”. Therefore, it can be said that Frank still seems bothered and somewhat insecure about Rita’s change in herself. In fact, Frank is so disappointed with how Rita has changed that he refers to himself “Mary Shelley”, writer of Frankenstein. Since he believes he has had the most influence over Rita, he is making a reference of himself here to Victor Frankenstein. However, although Frank is increasing insecurity throughout both the middle and end of the play, just as the play ends. The insecurity is somehow destroyed. Instead of reacting in a hostile manner towards Rita in response to her statements about the students etc., Frank reacts in a way similar to how he did at the beginning of the play. When Rita says, “Tiger’s asked me to go down to France with his mob”, Frank says, “Will you?” as opposed to something of a more hostile nature. Whether it is because of his visit to Australia in the near future or just a change of heart, the bottom line is that Frank has now accepted Rita’s change. After Rita talks about her options to Frank, Frank reveals “a package hidden behind some of the books.” This is quite amusing, as it is usually his alcohol that is stashed away there. Even so, Frank takes down the package and says, “…it’s a dress really. I bought it some time ago – for erm – for an educated woman friend of mine.” The important aspect to this quote of Frank’s relates to how he “bought it…for an educated woman friend”. This shows that Frank feels that Rita has become more educated. At the end of the play, we also learn further changes Rita has undergone in comparison to earlier parts of the play. The first indication of a change in Rita happens immediately in Act 2 Scene 3, whereby “Rita is sitting in the armchair by the window,” and “Frank enters.” This is ironic as it is usually Frank who is earliest but Rita has arrived earlier and we discover that wants to get “here early today” so that she can start “talking to some students down on the lawn”. This is an obvious change in her as we see how Rita has become highly influenced by the students and has become more of a middle class citizen than a working class one. We see that Rita is now part of the middle class group and has learnt pretty much all there is need to know. “Don’t keep treatin’ me as though I’m the same as when I first walked in here” and “I can do without you” reveal how she is able to lead her life without any more knowledge required. But, it is not only Rita who feels she has become more educated it is the audience as well. In Act 2 Scene 3, after Frank says that her essay is “not wrong.”, Rita says, “You’re being subjective”, precisely what Frank said at the beginning and so reflects how Rita has become more educated in terms of language. A further sign of Rita’s improvement in education is seen in Act 2 Scene 5, after Rita comments on Frank’s poems. Rita says that if she had seen those poems when she first came in, she “wouldn’t have understood it” and that she “would have thrown it across the room and dismissed it as a heap of shit.” This short feature to the play is extremely helpful in understanding Rita’s change in education as an example is used here that indicates how Rita would have reacted to the same situation at the beginning of the play. Rita describes Rubyfruit Jungle as “hardly excellence” at the end of the play. This is a big difference to how she perceived it at the beginning of the play and so it shows of how educated she has become. A further extremely important aspect to Rita’s change is shown right at the end of the play, whereby Rita considers her options in the near future. She says, “I dunno. I might go to France. I might go to me mother’s. I might even have a baby. I dunno. I’ll make a decision, I’ll choose. I dunno”. This shows us how Rita now has more choice and better options in choosing what she will do. At the beginning, we saw how determined she was to do the course and so that was pretty much her only option at the time. Now, however, having accomplished her targets, she now has much more of a choice in doing what she wishes. Finally, as the play concludes, there is also some humour involved. After Rita says, “All I’ve ever done is take from you I’ve never given you anything”, Frank says, “That’s not true you’ve…” Before letting Frank finish his sentence, Rita intervenes and says, “…But there is. Come here, Frank…” From this, what immediately comes to mind is something dirty. However, instead, we discover that Rita is giving him a haircut and so this is amusing as Willy Russell changes our expectations of what is going to happen so vividly. In conclusion, I feel that Rita has certainly changed for a number of reasons. Rita has become more educated while also changing into a middle-class person. In addition, it has also become obvious now that Rita has more choice in comparison with before. What’s more, Rita also has better choice, which is essential as that is what Rita aimed for, to some amount. Despite the fact that she has become less open and more serious over time at the Open University, Rita’s objective of “discovering herself” has been achieved. While Rita’s development throughout the play is obvious, Frank’s seems to be there, sort of. At the beginning of the play, we saw how Frank was encouraged to come to work because of Rita as he regarded her as “a breath of fresh air”. However, during the middle of the play, we also saw how Frank began drinking more because of how insecure he felt. Frank now has a better choice in what he can do. Before, we saw how Frank needed to go to work in order to pay for his drink. Now however, he has the choice in whether he wishes to go to Australia or even commit suicide. The fact that he seems to be happy about going to Australia may also result in a further change in him this might eliminate his drinking addiction. Although it seems unlikely, Frank now has a reason to enjoy life.

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