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nstructions Data Instrument and Data Collection Tool For this assignment, you will complete another portion of the research paper,

nstructions Data Instrument and Data Collection Tool For this assignment, you will complete another portion of the research paper,. nstructions Data Instrument and Data Collection Tool For this assignment, you will complete another portion of the research paper, which will be included in your final paper in Unit VII. In part one of this assignment, you will describe your data instrument. In part two, you will provide the data collection tool that will be used in your research study (remember this is a hypothetical research study that you will not conduct). For part one, Data Instrument, provide the following: What type of research will be conducted (qualitative, quantitative)? Is this a questionnaire with open-ended or close-ended questions or an interview? Will there be a questionnaire, face-to-face interviews, or the use of the telephone or mail? Will there be an interview (one-on-one or group)? Who is the study population? For part two, Data Collection Tool, provide the following: Give a short introduction on your research; provide the purpose of your study and why you chose to conduct it. Explain how long participation will take. Explain how you will avoid sampling bias. Provide a minimum of ten (10) questions for your questionnaire. Submit a two to three-page paper (page count does not include title and references pages). Please adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment. APA formatting, however, is not necessary. nstructions Data Instrument and Data Collection Tool For this assignment, you will complete another portion of the research paper,
Philosophy Issues: Utilitarianism or Deontology? Essay. Introduction Over the years, people have been guided to act by moral principles, which have gone a long way in reducing the number of conflicts in society. Using moral principles, individuals can choose what is wrong and right. Utilitarianism is concerned with attaining results that are better than actions. The theory of utilitarianism argues that people should utilize opportunities when they are happy to produce good outcomes for their communities. On the other hand, deontology is based on well-defined structures of rules, moral principles, and thoughts. The theory of deontology holds that actions and outcomes of actions should be ethical. This paper argues that deontology principles could be used to provide a stronger platform on which critical decisions are made in society. Arguments and conclusions The assumptions and moral obligations that are contained in the deontology theory were proposed and supported by Kant, but the philosopher has been opposed and supported by many scholars. Regardless of the extent to which some people are opposed to the applications of moral principles, which should be consistent with the scriptures of God, they are used to produce the best results in communities. It is worth to note that only morally acceptable ways of actions can produce unique results. Thus, it would be meaningless to adopt immoral actions to yield some results. Duty is an essential concept of deontology, which implies that persons should examine morality by evaluating the types of their activities rather than the goals that they would wish to achieve in the short-term and long-term. Individuals have no powers to control the future, implying that there should be a shift from a focus on the effects to duties. In most cases, we are evaluated on the basis of our actions, which are based on our willingness to act and controls used, rather than our achievements. Kant held that, although our actions’ effects do not matter, it is always prudent to realize that ethical evaluations of our actions are essential. For instance, human beings do not have a moral duty to kill, meaning that society has always viewed actions that kill people, such as murder and manslaughter, as immoral actions. This can be better illustrated in a situation in a hospital that needs fast and critical decisions. There are ten patients in the hospital that require organ transplants for them to survive. Three healthy men visit the healthcare facility to have their regular medical checkups. The three men could donate their organs to save some of the patients in critical conditions, which could be viewed from the perspective of maximizing the good. However, according to Util, it is not acceptable to harm a person so that another life might be saved. In fact, it is ethically wrong to kill an individual with the goal of saving the life another per ofson. Although deontology does not support the action of killing one person and saving another life, utilitarianism could advocate that the three persons should be killed to save the lives of the ten patients, who are critically ill. Thus, utilitarianism cannot be practiced in a community that upholds human rights and morals. Universal law is an important concept of deontology. Primarily, we need to act using rules that are accepted by many people in our societies. In this context, if a set of rules that govern our actions could not be universalized, then it could imply that our actions and their outcomes could not be acceptable. In philosophy, the concepts of universality and universalizability are quite different, but they are applied to guide our actions. The important thing to acknowledge is that we should always do what we would like other persons to do. Thus, a doctor cannot advocate killing healthy persons to save the lives of critically ill patients since the majority people in society would not support the decision. In fact, according to the universal law, persons who have no wrongs in communities should never be murdered. According to Kant, actions that are founded on moral principles should be supported by an alternative formula, which focuses on balancing our actions with the benefits regarding humanity. In this context, it can be said that moral actions are practiced with the view of achieving objectives and adopting a personal moral standpoint. For example, if a person decides to kill himself or herself, then he or she could make the decision to violate an unsatisfactory duty and refuse to provide benevolence. In addition, he or she could aim at neglecting talents that could be utilized to treat other persons in a humane manner. However, a person could use the principles in deontology to achieve personal goals, which should be viewed from a generalized perspective. Finally, it is worth to acknowledge that deontology is founded on the formula of autonomy. Regarding the formula, human beings should have the freedom to make decisions that are supported by a set of universal laws. Thus, it is evident that moral principles are founded on human dignity, which is practiced together with the standards of universality to yield moral laws that are, in most cases, viewed from a personal perspective. Therefore, it would be prudent to state that human beings should regard themselves as legislators in a system that is typified by a collection of outcomes that are anticipated in society. That notwithstanding, it can be argued that deontology emphasizes a collection of duty ethics that is used to view human beings as outcomes, rather than the means that are adopted to achieve the goals. Thus, it has failed since it only perceives human beings as duty animations. Also, the theory relies on the outcomes, such as happiness, concerning the majority of people in society, implying that the minority groups are merely taken into an account. In this context, deontology cannot be viewed as a reliable model. On the other hand, utilitarianism can be seen as a reliable model since it does not focus on the interests of the majority of people in society. As Jeremy Bentham argues, human beings should be guided by reasons, but not based on metaphysics. It is a more practical theory for the reason that people are self-centered, implying that they focus on increasing the degrees of pleasure and reducing the extent to which they perceive pain. Societies should adopt actions that are morally acceptable because they would yield the highest levels of happiness in diverse contexts. For example, if it would require killing one person to save hundreds of lives in a community, then it would be the best approach, which is supported by utilitarianism. In the illustration, it is notable that the best outcomes would be realized, regardless of the extent to which the action would make the moral. Philosophy Issues: Utilitarianism or Deontology? Essay
Changes to the Role of the Management Accountant. Using appropriate academic literature, critically evaluate the argument that the role of the management accountant has changed in recent years from traditional accounting functions to that of a strategic planner and a business partner”. Introduction When it comes to the change of management accounting or management accountant, several researchers and scholars have stated the similar view that people cannot describe the management accountants as ‘the bean counter’, ‘the scorekeeper’ or ‘the corporate cop’ in the contemporary age, their new role are performed as ‘a strategic planner’ and ‘a business partner’ within the organization. (Anastas, 1997; Bromwich, 1990; Burns et al., 1999; Byrne and Pierce, 2007; Johnson, Kaplan , 1987; Roslender and Hart, 2002) This essay is aiming to find out how ‘the bean counter’, ‘the scorekeeper’ and ‘the corporate cop’ become to the internal consultant, the strategic planner as a business partner. Before the main body of this essay, the writer makes a hypothesis that there is an inference procedure that causing the change of the management accountants’ role. It is widely appreciated that the business environment has greatly changed in the recent years. Thus that the traditional management accounting is not suitable for the contemporary business, a new management accounting system was generated. Following that there are many new management accounting techniques are required, it directly change the task of management accountants. Finally all these process have caused the change of the role of the management accountant. In the following parts of this essay, the writer will analyze all the parts of this process respectively refer to the other scholars’ research findings, this is for examine and certify the hypothesis in the last paragraph. The changing business environment It is not deniable that the business environment has already dramatically changed during the last decades, which is toward a more competitive orientation. It includes many external and internal factors. In the general economic area, the globalization is integrating the world into a global market. It could lead it to an increasing competition. Companies have to pay more and more attention on the customer and market orientation. The development of technology is another factor both in the information system and the methods of production with the widespread use of enterprise resource planning systems (ERP). The change of organizational management structure could affect the business as an internal factor.(Burns et al., 1999) The development of digitisation could also change the business environment, for example e-mail has already replaced the traditional postage and fax to a great extent, which is benefit from the wide spread of the internet. It could reduce the cost and enhance the companies’ efficiency. The new technology could also be applied to the monitoring performance area. For instance, factories could profit from the use of beepers and mobile phones to monitor workers’ performance, while restaurants could benefit from the use of beepers in their operating system.(Zimmerman, 2009) There are also many other elements could cause the market condition changing, such as the commencement of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) could decrease companies’ cost among Mexico, Canada and the United States. American and Canadian companies may set their factories in Mexico for the lower labour cost. The same situations have also emerged in China, Vietnam and some other developing countries.(Zimmerman, 2009) The new business environment also bring a huge revolution in the other fields, for example the demand of more quality control, customer-focused, the intellectual capital, automation, increasing overheads, decreasing direct labour cost and more emphasis on environmental and external issues. The drawbacks of traditional management accounting The traditional management accounting was driven by the external financial requirements but not the internal or actual need. For instance, it fails to compare the cost with the competitors, which is a fatal factor in the business competition. Tends to be too technical Many accountants focus on their contribution only in the financial numbers, but ignore the other useful information which the users may require. (Pierce and O’Dea, 2003) Most companies still use single overhead allocation base Time Limitation Pierce and O’Dea (2003) found that most managers complained that the traditional information system cannot provide timeliness information to the users. For example, some managers reflected that even though the financial information could cover almost all they needed, but they cannot use it timely cause the information lag. It could extremely influence their decision making process. Mainly focus on the internal performance of the organization but ignoring the other activities, such as external and social issues. Paying too much attention on the manufacturing but neglecting the high cost post-conversion activities. The change of management accounting A UK research project claimed that management accounting had not changed over six decades in Britain. (Burns et al., 1999) Despite there are some substantial improvement in the technological and environmental areas.(Johnson, Kaplan , 1987) Several studies revealed that the traditional management accounting system and techniques were still valuable and some new management accounting techniques were not widely used as expectation, such as activity-based costing (ABC) and strategic management accounting. (Burns et al., 1999) However, the advancement of information technology could enhance the management accounting into a higher level, which means that managers could have a direct and real time access to the information instead of waiting for the accountants sort it out.(Burns et al., 1999) It could make managers conducting the accountants’ task by themselves, for instance budgeting, analyze and calculation. (Burns et al., 1999) This change has brought a more significant effect on forecasting rather than budgeting.(Hope and Fraser, 1997) This means that managers could forecast by themselves, while budgeting was accountants’ traditional work. The ‘commercial orientated’ gave the British managers a further view on the potential factors which could making profit in a long term.(Burns et al., 1999) It could be considered in the management strategy and interpreting by the non-financial terms.(Burns and Scapens, 1997) It implied that financial information could only provide limited picture, not the whole. Thus there are two possible solutions. The first one is that some new techniques could be used by management accountants to provide a comprehensive view, such as ABC system. Alternatively, the financial information could be kept in a simple way but could be interpreted in the wider background.(Burns et al., 1999) Based on the previous analysis, the form of management accounting has been changed, but there is no huge difference on the management accounting techniques. Strategic Management Accounting The strategic management accounting has already introduced in the accounting literature more than ten years. (Berverley R, 1996)It is defined as ‘The provision and analysis of financial information on the firm’s product markets and competitors’ cost and cost structures and the monitoring of the enterprise’s strategies and those of its competitors in these markets over a number of periods’ (Bromwich, 1990) The Charted Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) also defined it as ‘A form of management accounting which emphasis is placed on information which relates to factors external to the firm, as well as non-financial information and internally generated information.’ The majority of literature in the United Kingdom stress that the strategic management accounting extends the traditional management accounting from internal factors to the external competitors’ information.(Berverley R, 1996)Comparing with the traditional management accounting, it has more external, forward-looking and longer-term orientated and the strategically driven.(Roslender and Hart, 2002) There are three main characteristics of the strategic management accounting were summarized, which are the ‘collection of competitor information, exploitation of cost reduction opportunities and the matching of accounting emphasis with strategic position’.(Berverley R, 1996) Some scholars describe the strategic management accounting as ‘a specific form of approach to the provision of accounting information to management'(Roslender and Hart, 2002) The new requirements to management accountants As the previous analysis, the traditional management accounting techniques is still essential skills that management accountants should grasp. However, in the contemporary age, there are several new tasks that management accountants should perform. Before 1980s, the majority of the managers expected the management accountants’ roles performed as a service staff who can provide the ‘satisfying such managers’ information.(Hopper, 1980) The requirements to management accountants are not only about becoming an expert in the financial matters, but also having a broad view in business and good teamwork capability with their collegues.(Burns et al., 1999) Pierce and Bernard (2003) have concluded that the management accountants should have the knowledge and skills in three domains. Firstly, they have to be the master of the essential technical knowledge which could make them have the ability to modify information. Secondly, they also need to learn the other business knowledge, such as IT, marketing. Lastly, a well developed interpersonal relationship skills is necessary by the reason that the accountants have increasing number of cooperation with other staff within the organization. Anastas (1997) has also stated that management accountants have to handle the new information technology software, achieving an average understanding of the business and fluently express their idea both in writing and speaking in order to interact with their colleagues. Anastas (1997) stressed that to achieve the success in the role of internal consultants; management accountants must improve their interpersonal skills and the knowledge of productivity and administration. The strategic management accounting provides management accountants an opportunity to get a position in the decision making team.(Roslender and Hart, 2002) The strategic management accounting requires management accountants having techniques, such as ‘competitor position analysis’, ‘target costing’ and ‘life cycle costing’.(Roslender and Hart, 2002) The role of the management accountant in organisations Management accountants’ role in an organization has been considerably changed in recent years.(Anastas, 1997; Burns et al., 1999; Byrne and Pierce, 2007; Johnson, Kaplan , 1987; Pierce and O’Dea, 2003; Zimmerman, 2009) Several literature have stated the same views. In the past, when people were thinking of management accountant, they always associated it with some words, such as the scorekeepers, the bean counters and the corporate cops.(Byrne and Pierce, 2007; Zimmerman, 2009) This is because management accountants were not the decision-makers or decision participants; they always played the role as assistants or financial information providers to the real or actual managers in the decision making process. But in 1999, the situation has changed. Increasing managerial accountants began to help their companies to analyze the business as an interior consultant. With the development of the technology, they do not need to use the majority of their working time for preparing the financial reports. They therefore have more and more time to explain or translate the accounting information to the people who need to use these within the organization as a member of the decision making team. Siegel (1999) remarked that ‘the role of management accountants has evolved from serving internal customers into being a business partner.’ Some accountants even changed their title from corporate controllers to business analysts (Burns et al., 1999) A key role of the management accountant is that interpreting the financial information to a more readily comprehensible perception to the internal and external users.(Burns et al., 1999) As it was depicted ‘Information technology is pushing management accountants and financial managers up the ladder as they become advisors or internal consultants to other manager in the company who have access to software manage cost and budgets’.(Anastas, 1997) Pierce and O’Dea (2003) have interviewed many managers with an opened question that sharing their views of the future role of the management accountants. Their responses were highly consistent that management accountants’ role will be the ‘business partner’. Management accountants should interact with management within several aspects, including the raise of their physical location, the requirement of their team work capability and the understanding of business. There will be fewer management accountants but they will be at the higher level of management in the organization as a member of the cross-functional team share their view in the decision making process.(Anastas, 1997) The evolution of the information technology liberated management accountants from the ‘bean counter’, ‘corporate cop’ to a higher level role ‘internal consultant or strategist’ who make the recommendation to guide the decision making process (Anastas, 1997) CONCLUSION The analysis in the main body reflects the consistency with the hypothesis in the introduction section, but not completely same. To start with, the business environment is changing as the assumption. The business environment is changed to a more competitive, customer-oriented due to the globalization, digitisation and some other changed business conditions. In addition the writer analyzes the disadvantages of the traditional management accounting, which is not applicable for the present system and fulfil the requirements in the new business environment. Following that the analysis of the change of the management accounting shows that although there is a new business environment, but the basic management accounting techniques is still required, it is still necessary. But due to the development of the business, the requirements of the management accountants are not only demand the accountants have the traditional and basic management accounting techniques, but also some new task of the understanding of knowledge in the other business area and a good interpersonal skills for the increasing teamwork opportunities. Hence, the role of the management accountants has been changed from the financial information provider (the basic role) to the internal consultant in the organizations as a business partner. The strategic management accounting system could provide management accountants a higher level to perform their new role to satisfy the new requirements. As Burns (1999) founded that although the role of the management accountants is changed, but they still have to use the traditional management accounting system, some people called it ‘antique’. Changes to the Role of the Management Accountant
Answer the following sections..

Section 1: Comparing CountriesCompare the United States to one developed nation and one developing nation of your choice. Use these resources to gather statistical information about each:CIA World FactbookThe World BankUNCTADstat: Country ProfilesUN Development Programme: Human Development ReportsUse these resources to fill out the table below and to identify a nation that is developed and one that is developing. (4 points)Nation:United States EconomyGDP or GNI (total): GDP or GNI (per capita): Population: National debt: Exchange rate:N/A Unemployment: Standard of livingHDI: Life expectancy: Health expenditure: Physicians density: Hospital bed density: Education expenditures: Expected years of schooling: Section 2: Analyzing the Table1. What are at least two key distinctions between a developed and a developing nation that the table suggests? What is a key distinction between the United States and both other nations? (2 points)2. What are at least two other distinctions between the three nations that affect the standard of living besides the ones listed on the table? Explain why these factors are important. (2 points)3. Explain the connection between at least some of the statistics in the “standard of living” section of the table and in the “economy” section. How can improving one category through an investment in human capital improve the other? Support your answer with information from the table. (2 points)
Answer the following sections.

The objective of this Lab is to promote your Windows Server 2019 VM (prepared in Lab 3) to be the first Domain Controller in your brand new (private) Active Directory Forest.

The objective of this Lab is to promote your Windows Server 2019 VM (prepared in Lab 3) to be the first Domain Controller in your brand new (private) Active Directory Forest..

The objective of this Lab is to promote your Windows Server 2019 VM (prepared in Lab 3) to be the first Domain Controller in your brand new (private) Active Directory Forest.The only AD role you need is Active Directory Domain Services.Your server must be named DC01. Your domain/forest must be named YourFirstInitialYourLastName.local. For example, “Sparky the Sun Devil” would name his domain:sdevil.localNote: Dot Local (.local) domain names are not searchable via public DNS. See https://tools.ietf.org/id/draft-chapin-rfc2606bis-00.html (Links to an external site.) about Reserved Top Level Domain Names.Note: In the Rubric, screenshots are now part of the Presentation grade. If the steps are hard to follow or missing steps, it will affect the Steps grade. Please see the Rubric for full details.Your deliverable must include:The steps you took, including screenshots.What features were installed and why.A short discussion about reserved/private top level domain names.Detail the Warnings shown in the Pre-Req check. Research the warnings. For each warning, your write up must include a solution that YOU recommend from your research.Post Promotion screenshots:Four from Server Manager:Server,Events,Services,Best Practices Analyzer filtered for “error”Explain what errors you fixed and why cannot for any unfixable errorsOne of nslookup for your domain name, e.g., nslookup sdevil.localReference SourcesYour deliverable may include:The PowerShell script generated by Server Manager during the DC Promotion (1 point extra credit)The PowerShell script you created and used to promote the server to a DC with the results (2 points extra credit)VM snapshots:Taking one before the promotion is a great idea in case something goes wrong or you miss a screenshot.Taking one after the promotion is a good idea as a back up before other labs.
The objective of this Lab is to promote your Windows Server 2019 VM (prepared in Lab 3) to be the first Domain Controller in your brand new (private) Active Directory Forest.

i would like to get a help finallising the annual report for nursing administration. – all information will be Essay

best essay writers i would like to get a help finallising the annual report for nursing administration. – all information will be collected from departments annual reports ( each section report is provided in the attachments. each section report covers all activities and includes sub departments). please have a look on these files then incorporate the information in order to develop the annual report using the criteria provided. – please look at the criteria in the attachment – please look at the annual report of 2020 example to give you an idea. – all elements should be covered

PCCC Public Issues in Action Health Interventions and The Environment Discussion

PCCC Public Issues in Action Health Interventions and The Environment Discussion.

I’m working on a Writing discussion question and need a sample draft to help me study.

it is a 4-6 research paper. Choose any of these 2 topics. I want you to do the paper for me1) Option 2: Public Health in ActionIdentify an organization that addresses a public health issue of your interest. Research the agency via the agency’s website, news articles, and if possible, interview a manager or director at the agency. In a 4 to 6 page essay paper identify the agency, the health issue and the population they serve. What is their reason for serving the particular population? Discuss the programming the agency uses to address the health issue. What activities do they do? How do they evaluate their programming to know if it is successful? Now, using data from the CDC,peer reviewed articles or other credible sources (and cite them), describe the PROBLEM in general (ie. How prevalent is the health issue? What is the incidence?What population(s) are affected? Is one population affected more or at higher risk than others? Are there major consequences of the health issue? (Why is this something public health should address?) Discuss the ETIOLOGY of the health issue (i.e. causes, associations) identify which health determinants (BIG GEMS) are responsible for the health problem, and/or make it worse using at least onescientific peer-reviewed journal article (cite article). Then, identify at least twoscientific peer-reviewed journal articlesthat evaluate an intervention (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION and EVALUATION)that attempts to fix the health problem using either engineering, enforcement, or education* (cite the articles). Describe the approaches each program uses to reduce the problem. Was it primary, secondary or tertiary intervention?What were the methods used? What were the populations studied? What were the outcomes of the interventions (i.e. were they successful)? Based on the results of your research (eg. description of problem, its etiology, and the outcomes of the intervention programs you reviewed-taking into account the population studied, and the strengths and weaknesses of the studies)what RECOMMENDATIONdo you have for the agency and/or its programming and why? You must be able to justify your recommendation with your research(*Note: If research is sparse, use and apply articles about similar health problem or similar populations. If research is really scarce, you can base your recommendation on ETIOLOGY studies. Regardless, you must be able to justify your recommendation.)Point SystemConceptPoints PossibleUse of correct amount of JOURNAL articles (3)1Correct Grammar and Punctuation, Style, Cohesion (including citations)4Detailed Agency Information5Description of Problem5Etiology/Health Determinants 5Summary & Assessment of TWO INTERVENTION articles8Recommendation & Justification2Total30 Option 3: Public Health InterventionsFor this option, you are a public health official at the NJDHHS and you have been asked to come up with an intervention to address a public health issue. In a 4 to 6 page essay paper, apply the P.E.R.I. approach to address the problem. Identify, analyze, and address a public health issue of your choosing. You must provide reason for choosing this health issue and why it is important to address. Now, using data from the CDC,peer reviewed articles or other credible sources (and cite them), describe the PROBLEM in general (ie. How prevalent is the health issue? What is the incidence?What population(s) are affected? Is one population affected more or at higher risk than others? Are there majorconsequences of the health issue? (Why is this something public health should address?) Discuss the ETIOLOGY of the health issue (i.e. causes, associations) identify which health determinants (BIG GEMS) are responsible for the health problem, and/or make it worse using at least onescientific peer-reviewed journal article (cite article). Identify at least fourscientific peer-reviewed journal articlesevaluating a specific intervention/program (i.e. IMPLEMENTATION and EVALUATION)that attempts to fix the health problem using either engineering, enforcement, or education* (cite the articles). Describe the approaches each program uses to reduce the problem. Was it primary, secondary or tertiary intervention?What were the methods used? What were the populations studied and why were they chosen? What were the outcomes of the interventions (i.e. were they successful)? What did the articles identify as future research, or steps to be taken to address the problem? (Use the suggestions in the articles, but also try to think of additional solutions and questions that need to be answered). Based on your research (eg. etiology, interventions methods, the populations, the outcomes, and the strengths and weaknesses of the studies) how successful do you think these interventions how successful do you think these interventions would be for the populations you are targeting? Using your research as justification (eg. the description of the problem, the etiology, the intervention programs you reviewed taking into consideration the population studied, the outcomes, and the strengths and weaknesses of the studies), make aRECOMMENDATION for a future course of action on how to reduce the health issue in your target population. Describe the type of programming you recommend and why? You must be able to justify your recommendation with your research (*Note: If research is sparse, use and apply articles about similar health problem or similar populations. If research is really scarce, you can base your recommendation on ETIOLOGY studies. Regardless, you must be able to justify your recommendation.)Point SystemConceptPoints PossibleUse of correct amount of JOURNAL articles (5)1Correct Grammar and Punctuation, Style, Cohesion (including citations)3Description of Problem4Etiology/Health Determinants 4Summary & Assessment of FOUR INTERVENTION articles16Recommendation & Justification2Total30
PCCC Public Issues in Action Health Interventions and The Environment Discussion

Tchaikovsky and Beethoven comparison Compare and Contrast Essay

Tchaikovsky: The Nutcracker, March The famous “March” is a part of “The Nutcracker”, presented as the second piece in the first act. It was written by a Russian composer, Tcaikovsky Pyotr Ilych (1840-1893). It was written in 1891-1892, when the author was in his sixties. This composition is one of his last works. Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67, I Symphony No.5 in C minor is a part of the first act of the Opera 67. It was written in 1804 -1808 by Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770 – 1827). Writing this composition, the author was in his mid-thirties; his hearing was constantly getting worse. To compare the two pieces, several aspects should be analyzed, which include instrumentation, form, harmony, tempo, meter, texture, style period, meaning, and orientation. Instrumentation: The Nutcracker is performed by a range of instruments, namely woodwinds, flutes, triangle, violins, snare drums. The Beethoven’s Symphony uses such instruments as Flutes, oboes, clarinets, trumpets, timpani, piccolo, bassoons, contrabassoon, and trombones. Form: the Nutcracker consists of two acts, and the March is the second composition in the first act. This piece lasts around 7 minutes. The Symphony No. 5 lasts nearly 30 minutes. The work is presented in four movements. The first one has a form of sonata Form A :|| B A’; the second movement is presented by the theme and variations T,V1,V2, V3,V4,V5. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Harmony: in Nutcracker the harmony is mainly tonic, sometimes changed by subdominant; the Symphony has tonic and sometimes dominant harmony. Tempo: the Nutcracker is presented in tempo allegro; the Symphony has a comparatively complicated structure and therefore the tempo is changeable. The first movement is in tempo allegro; the second movement has the andante tempo, which is later switched back to tempo allegro and at the end changed to tempo accelerando Meter: the both compositions use duple vs. triple meters. Texture: in Nutcracker the loud parts are supported by soft instrumentation; in Symphony the melody is changed rapidly from soft to very loud and back. Style period: While the Nutcracker was written during the Romantic period, the Beethoven’s Symphony was composed during the Heroic period. The meaning of the Nutcracker is absolute. The meaning of the Beethoven’s Symphony is rather programmatic. The orientation of the Nutcracker is rather secular, while the Symphony has a sacred orientation. We will write a custom Essay on Tchaikovsky and Beethoven comparison specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In my opinion, the both melodies have some strengths and weaknesses. Concerning the Nutcracker, it is a very harmonic composition, which gives a general impression of good mood and some importance. I liked the party of violins which made the melody smooth and supported the main instrumentation. However, the ending did not impress me much. In my opinion, it would be better to end a march with some kind of slow and loud – textured rising notes than with chords of tempo allegro. This would make the ending more distinctive and exuberant. The Beethoven’s Symphony is a very complicated composition which appeals to me very much. I like the rapid change of harmony and texture, which is very expressive. The instrumentation is perfect; in addition, the composer uses the loud and soft parties to contrast, which is a very successful method. I think that this work is a real masterpiece of Beethoven.

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