Select ONE hate symbol from the book and research it.
Identify a hate group and determine what its strategies are? How does it perpetuate its agenda? Be prepared to share your research in class.
Homework due Wednesday.
No late assignments accepted.
Please cite sources on a Sources Cited page.
New Lexicon of Hate
Organizational Structure and Competitive Advantage
In our fast-paced, ever-changing world, organizations are constantly seeking ways to gain and sustain effectiveness. Though there is no single thing that makes an organization successful – no secret ingredient – some concepts do universally apply. One fundamental is to create a right organizational structure for success by ensuring alignment in organization dynamic relative to core purposes, strategy, and culture. Organisational structure refers to the way tasks are divided up, how the work flows, how this flow is coordinated and the forces and mechanisms that allow this coordination to occur. It creates the framework within which organizations operate. It is the skeleton and later on becomes the engine of the business. Therefore an organization with a structure which does not fit into economic and business environment, differentiated from its core purposes cannot exist for a long time. The aim of this paper is to review an organizational structure as a competitive advantage. The objectives will be the guiding tour to achieve the goal: Review existing organizational structures and their respective Analyse relationship between organizational structure and strategy Define which organizational structure is relatively better for exporting companies As a case study, organizational structure of Hansa Flex was researched, and subject in question was applied to it to compare organizational theory in real business life. The paper starts formulating a unified theoretical framework by explaining what the organization is, and describing relationship within an organization. Then it defines common types of organizational structure, talks about their function principles, afterwards investigates organizational effectiveness and relationship between organizational structure and strategy. To describe how a company can gain a competitive advantage relying on this relationship, and to compare theoretical framework with real business life, at the end, organizational structure of Hansa Flex was studied and conclusion about comparison is described. Some have described organizational structure as a formal configuration of roles and procedures, the prescribed framework of the organization. Others have described structure as the patterned regularities and processes of interaction. Structure is important in organizations because it reduces ambiguity and clarifies tasks, expectations and goal. Bartol, Martin, Tein and Matthews (2001, p. 267) define organizational structure as “the formal pattern of interactions and coordination that managers design to link the tasks of individuals and groups to achieve organizational goals”. Different sources give different contingencies which define organizational structure. These contingencies change through the time due to economic and business environment, technology, innovation as well as designs of organizational structures. The elements that were main criteria for selecting organizational structure 20 years ago are not reliable nowadays. Contingencies like size of organization, role clarity, specialization and control, for example, have been replaced by speed, flexibility, integration and innovation (Ashkenas et al., 1995, p. 7). Methodology Before carrying out the research, it is reasonable to analyse particular method for a given study. There are two main points that the research process of the paper goes through, as the research is done to enlighten development of organizational structures and review organizational structures as a competitive advantage: Defining the resource for analysis of theoretical framework Applying the theory on particular case study (Hansa-Flex) Starting a new research paper is like starting a new project – you have an idea of what you want to do, but are not sure how to start. Many writers, like many project planners and managers, find that outlining is frequently the most effective way to start writing (Keene, 1987, p. 2). So having this idea in mind, we started to draw a step-by-step methodology of the research. Following are the stages that paper went through. Formulating the research aim (Initiation). This is the first stage of our research process, and the purpose of this stage is for us to decide what we are writing about, therefore after this stage it is possible to know which are the other stages that are needed for the fulfilment of the paper. As it was mentioned, the aim of the paper is to review organizational structure as a competitive advantage. We want to analyse perspectives of modern organizational structures and see whether there is one best structure that exporting companies can use. Developing the objectives. Once the research aim is determined, the next stage of our research is to develop the objectives: Review existing organizational structures and their respective Analyse relationship between organizational structure and strategy Define which organizational structure is relatively better for exporting companies These objectives will keep the research study going on towards the aim of the paper. Resource selection. Having followed all the previous stages then is the next stage; determine how and where to collect the data that is crucial to draw inferences and conclusions for the study. Primary Data Secondary data Collection Purpose For the problem at hand For other problems Collection process Very involved Rapid
Economics homework help
i need help writing an essay Economics homework help. Lab Exercise 3: FrictionFollow the instructions and directions below for this lab. ÿDisregard the outline in the manual for your LabPaq Kit.Read this document entirely before starting your work.Do not forget to record your measurements and partial results.Submit a Laboratory Report through Moodle, as shown in the last section of this outline. ÿRemember that the Laboratory Report should include the answers to the questions below.GOALS (1) To examine the concept of friction. (2) To calculate the coefficient of friction of an object.INTRODUCTIONFriction is an important force, with positive and negative implications. Whenever two objects slide along each other, friction is involved; whether a skier is sliding down an icy slope, or a crate is dragged across the floor. On the positive side, friction between the road surface and the car tires is what keeps the car moving along a highway. On the negative side friction reduces the efficiency of machines. As more work needs to be done to overcome friction, this extra work is wasted as it is dissipated in the form of heat energy.When one surface slides over another, a resisting force, friction, is encountered. Friction, and the force needed to overcome it depends on the nature of the materials in contact with each other and on the roughness or smoothness of the contact surfaces. It is also affected by the normal force (FN), but not by the contact area or on the speed of the motion. It has been determined experimentally that the force of friction (Ffr) is directly proportional to the normal force (FN). When an object is resting on a horizontal surface the normal force is just the weight of the object (mg). If an object is on an incline, FN has to be corrected via the equation FN= mg cos ? with ? being the angle of the incline. ÿIn this experiment, we will only measure friction on a horizontal surface, so we don?t need to concern ourselves with the issues affecting friction on an incline.The constant of proportionality is called the coefficient of friction, ?. The force of friction when two contacting surfaces are sliding over each other can be calculated by:where Ffr ÿis the force of friction; ÿFN is the normal force; and ?k or ?s are the coefficient of friction, which is a proportionality constant. The force of friction is parallel to the contact surfaces and opposite to the direction of motion. The term ?k stands for coefficient of kinetic (or sliding) friction, which applies when the surfaces are moving with respect to each other.When an object is at rest on a surface and we attempt to push it, the frictional force is opposing the pushing force. As long as the pushing force is less than the friction force, the object will not move. There is a threshold value of the pushing force beyond which a larger pushing force will cause the body to start sliding. It is this threshold value which is related to the coefficient of static friction, ?s. ÿÿHowever, when an object is already in movement, the friction that it experiences is related to its coefficient of kinetic friction, ?k. ÿÿWhen comparing published ?k and ?s values for identical materials, we see that ?s is slightly larger than ?k . ÿThis indicates that it takes more force to start moving a material than keeping it moving.PROCEDUREFor purposes of data recording, we will use Newtons (N) as this is the unit of Force in the International Systems of Units. For the purposes of this experiment, we can convert any mass to force using the following formula:Measurement setupFor each measurement setup described in this section, we will measure two forces. ÿFirst, we will measure the force that we need to exert on a wooden block so it starts moving from a resting position. ÿThis force is related to the coefficient of static friction. ÿThe second force is the force that we need to exert on the wooden block to keep it moving. This force is related to the coefficient of dynamic friction.Because the wooden blocks in your lab kit are too light to produce accurate results, we will augment their mass by adding an object of constant weight, for example a can of soda. The experimental setup can be seen in figure 1 below. ÿYou can use any other object that you may have around instead of the soda can. ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿFigure 1: ÿExperimental ÿSetupWe will perform two types of measurements:Force of Static Friction ÿ(Fs): ÿStarting from the block at rest, pull from the spring scale until the block starts moving. Record this force.Force of Kinetic Friction (Fk): ÿStarting from the block at rest, pull from the spring scale until the block starts moving and continue pulling until it moves at a constant speed. Record this force.You should observe that Fk is lower than Fs.We will repeat these measurements using several materials as well as in different configurations for the wooden blocks.Question 1What is the mass of the system made of the wooden block and the soda can (or the other object that you are using)?Question 2Convert the mass measured in Question 1 to its weight in Newtons. ÿThis is the value of FN that will be used in the calculations for the tables.SURFACESWood / Wood (larger surface)For this case, we will use the larger surface of the wooden block as was shown in Figure 1. ÿMeasure Fs and Fk as indicated in Section 3.1. ÿÿRun 5 trials, completing Table 1 below.Wood / Wood (smaller surface)For this section, turn the wooden block on its side as shown in Figure 2 and repeat the experiment, completing Table 2.Figure 2: ÿWooden block on its side ÿ(courtesy of Chad Saunders, TESU student)Wood / GlassFor this section, use the glass surface of your wooden block to repeat the measurements and complete Table 3.Other surfacesRepeat the measurements using other surfaces (for example, Wood / Sandpaper, Wood / Carpet, Glass / Carpet, etc.) ÿWhen completing Table 4 below, make sure that you indicate the surfaces you used.ANALYSIS OF RESULTSQUESTION 3 Study the results from Table 1 and Table 2. ÿWhat can you conclude about these results?QUESTION 4Using the data from the same tables, do you think that the ratio of ?k to ?s is constant in both cases? ÿÿIf so, what do you think this indicates? QUESTION 5Studying the standard deviation data from all the 4 tables, which experiment do you think is the most reproducible? ÿWhy?QUESTION 6 ÿIn general, how does the coefficient of static friction compare to the coefficient of dynamic friction?QUESTION 7 ÿIn designing machinery, would we prefer to use materials with larger or smaller coefficient of friction? ÿExplain your reasoning.QUESTION 8 ÿIn driving a vehicle, would you prefer to use materials for the contact between the wheels and the road with larger or smaller coefficient of friction? ÿExplain your reasoning.LABORATORY REPORTCreate a laboratory report ÿusing Word or another word processing software ÿthat contains at least these elements:Introduction: ÿwhat is the purpose of this laboratory experiment?Description of how you performed the different parts of this exercise. ÿAt the very least, this part should contain the answers to questions 1-8 above. ÿYou should also include procedures, etc. ÿÿAdding pictures to your lab report showing your work as needed always increases the value of the report.Conclusion: What area(s) you had difficulties with in the lab; what you learned in this experiment; how it applies to your coursework and any other comments. pEconomics homework help
Discipline and Management Compare and Contrast Essay
Management is establishment of clear rule or regulations upon which people are supposed to adhere or act according to them. It forms the regulations for governance. For instance, a parent would wish to setup house regulations, which in most cases are broken due to their implication to the negative aspects. On the other hand, discipline traits encourage rather than force action. It is human nature to avoid recognizing the negative words of instructing such as “do not, cannot or must not”. (Foong, 2007) For example, stopping someone from doing what is inappropriate triggers their mind to doing it unless when provided with an appropriate alternative. For example if a parent say “stop watching television now”, this cannot work well compared to, “stop watching television now, and help in preparation of dinner”. The second option has an alternative that triggers discipline. The main difference between behaviour and management depends on ones lifestyle. Well-managed lifestyle does not necessarily translate to enjoyable life compared to supportive behaviours that always translates to happiness, confidence, and responsibility. People always want to seek acceptance for what they do but not management. The disappointments and frustration brought about by failure needs support or guidance but not rules. Discipline consequently encourages while management may appear as a force towards what is right. Discipline initiates well managed behaviour, for instance, a child learns the best way of communicating from family members, friends or teachers through imitation of their behaviours. Children brought up in a morally acceptable manner knowing what is acceptable and what is not, have good behaviours. Most parents will experience resistance over what is right when the children start learning to be independent. This is a normal part of development because children will try to find their identity but regardless of the situations, the discipline implanted in their early ages remains firm and an important guidance over good and evil. According to Foong (2007), this is the reason why children come back to the parent for the love and approval of behaviour. It is therefore very important for parents to show children love but strongly indicate disagreement over indiscipline. Behaviours are human reactions or responses to circumstances, to others or situations. A person reacts in a good manner with the aim of gaining control. One learns good behaviours in accordance with the keys instrumental circumstances of growth. Behaviour enables one to associate positive signals with the aim of receiving an intrinsically rewarding stimulus. A human being can work tireless in accordance to stipulated measures to obtain the reward of a paycheck. Contrary, misbehaviour is negative reactions due to pressure from possibility of failures or forces of thinking unnaturally for instance unhappiness triggers anxiety causing someone to act in a manner that enables them to gain some form of happiness. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The similarity between behaviours and misbehaviours is on the aspect that they bring about new ways of thinking in order to overcome various problems such as anxiety or depression. On comparison between behaviours and misbehaviours, the latter is by nature attention-seeking behaviours. It is inevitable to disregard attention from a seeker. One can understand the goals of misbehaviours through presented guts to reactions. People want to be noticed, thus clowning, constant interruptions, show-offs or whining. Others want to help, thus the acts of incompetence, laziness or forgetfulness while misbehaviours can still exist as a trigger for gaining control or power and need to retaliate or hurt other people. The relation between the two is that misbehaviours are easy to overcome using the good behaviours once one is in a position to identify the goal of the mischief or if it is replaceable with better results by avoiding the initial common instinctive impulses. For example, one can ignore the misbehaviours such as interruptive actions by placing the attention elsewhere especially when the goal of the action is to seek attention or power. Misbehaviours sometimes intentionally finds some applications because they the obvious indicative that their retaliatory nature hurts the feelings of whoever they are intentioned for. According to Grose (2005), Emphasis over good behaviours can overcome bad behaviours. References Foong Wai, A. (2007). Positive Ideas for Discipline and Managing Children’s Behaviour. Retrieved from https://ezinearticles.com/?Positive-Ideas-for-Discipline-and-Managing-Childrens-Behaviour
America and Iran Relation After 1979 Revolution Research Paper
Since 1979 after the Iran revolution America and Iran has been having diplomatic differences in their relations and in the way they run their Nations as well as in dealing with Global issues. Among the issues that have made these two Nation to conflict and enter into a cold relationship includes; terrorism, nuclear issues, hostage crisis, Israel, the Iraq and Afghanistan war, human rights violation among other things which are differently viewed between the two nations (Anderson, 1981: 65) Terrorism has been one of the key aspects that have resulted into major conflicts between America and Iran. It is a problem that immerged from one person’s faith: Khomeini, who believed that “Islam should rule the world and that democracy was the root of all evil”. On the other had the American society and government is built on the principles on democracy an issue that contradicts the principles of the Iranian government. Since his death, terrorism ideologies begun to spread, with a lot activities targeting the US and its International interests (Ball, 1998: 124). In recent years there have been plans for larger terrorists’ strikes operation as many dozen terrorist’s networks springing up. Since then, terrorism has taken a strong hold due to support from the Iranian government which they are determined to support despite of the appeals from world governments religious denominations and intervention by US government. In the last decade, installations in the US have been destroyed as wide scale killing of innocent children and adults has taken place with as brutal hostage crisis have always been experienced as a result of Iran’s support to the extremist organizations. These activities have been claimed by America to be inhuman and a violation of human rights. This is because the American nation believes in human rights and democracy, which has no place in Iranian government. In addition, the Iran’s’ failure to control the extremist views has resulted to the unrest and destruction of life around the world (Hogan, 1996: 80). Iran is one nation that has maintained a high profile in encouraging the anti- Israeli terrorist activities. Israel is a major US ally and any adverse action against it is seen as a threat to American interests. Nevertheless Iran has constantly supported for the ethnic cleansing of the Israelis with impunity. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More As a result, it has rhetorically, operationally, and financially supported guerilla fighting against Israel. For instance, the Iranian readers such as Khomeini and president Ahmadi-Nejad has been praising the operation conducted by Palestinian terrorists towards Israel as Iran provides the Lebanese Hezbollah and other Palestinian terrorist groups such as Hamas with logistics and military support. It has as well offered extensive financial assistance, training and artillery to the terrorist groups in Palestine such as the Palestinian Islamic Jihad, the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades as well as the Liberation of Palestine-General Command which Iran doesn’t view as terrorist (Mitchell,2004:16). This support has strengthened the terrorist who have integrated their operation, an action that has served to alienate further the relations between the two countries resulting in the US calling for sanctions against Iran and labeling it as a terrorist government accusing the Iran government as a world enemy and promising to fight against it (Boyle, 1999: 132). In addition Iran has continued to play a destabilizing role in Iraq by supporting terrorist operations in Iraq both directly and indirectly. It has engaged in provision of training to some of the Iraq political groups, provided weapons to Shia military groups and training to enable them defeat the agenda of the coalition troops which is led by the US government. This support has made the Iraqi extremist groups to conduct activities and operations against the country’s government and other organizations in the country resulting to massive loss of life and property. Moreover the increasing hostility of anti-Coalition attacks has been facilitated by Iran in providing the Shia military with the capability to build IEDs which have explosive projectiles similar to the one produced by Iran and Hezbollah (Nation, 1992:54). This has been facilitated by the act of the Iran revolutionary Guards who with the Hezbollah initiated a training program to Iraq militants on the construction of advanced IED technology which was passed to the rest of Iraq militants. This has facilitated to constant terrorist attacks to US interests by Iranian sponsored weapons (Charles, 1991: 56). The government of United States as well as other nations like United Kingdom have been accusing the Iranian administration, particularly the Ahmadinejad administration for its role in causing un warranted suffering of the Iraqi people as well as the US military due to its overwhelming support of the terrorist organizations in Iraq (Ninkovich,1988: 62). We will write a custom Research Paper on America and Iran Relation After 1979 Revolution specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition Iran’s supports the Shia militias who have continuously attacked the Coalition troops, Iraqi citizens and numerous installations in Iraq aimed at destabilizing the region and frustrating the US in its effort to bring stability in the region this action led to what President George W. Bush termed Iran as the “worlds primary state sponsor of terror” (Clarke, 2005: 161). The intervention of America in the Iranian terrorism matters raised the level of differences between the two nations. As a result, this has brought about suffering of innocent countries and individuals for example Israel and other US allies when terrorists operations are carried out to these countries aimed at American interests (Paterson, 1988: 364). For example many American Embassies in different countries have been attacked by Iranian backed terrorists resulting to Massive loss of life and properties. Some of the countries that have been affected by these operations include Kenya, Iraq, and Palestine among others, where people end up losing their lives (Crockatt,1995: 89) American has viewed this as inhuman acts where unwarranted attacks on people have led to loss of several lives and in turn a threat towards its sovereignty and security. On the contrary, the Iranian governments believe that this a noble cause whereby the Islamic people are fighting for their freedom from the western world (Powaski,1998: 80). On the other hand, America being a democratic nation has seen this as violation of human rights and basic freedoms which needs to be stopped making the US call for continuous sanctions against Iran. (Friedman. 2000: 108). In addition to this, Iran has continuously disrespected the united State’ families and victims of the Sept. 11, 2001, the terror attack and the 1983 bombing of the U.S Marines in Lebanon who were sent to keep peace between the Christian and Muslim fighting’s that was going on and resulted to loss of 241 servicemen at a Marines facility in Beirut (Gaddis, 1990: 51). As a result a judgment of $2.6 billion against the Islamic Republic of Iran has been awarded by the federal court in Washington, D.C., although the families of victims of the 2001 terror attacks are still pursuing the Iranian government to pay the damages for supporting the terrorist attacks. The Iran government claimed that the accusation on Sept. 11 attack involvement was a big lie against it. Furthermore, on the issue concerning the 1983 Marine attack, Iranian claimed that Ronald Reagan himself needed to be blamed because instead of keeping peace, the U.S army sided with Christians and started bombing Muslims, forcing the Muslims to attack back. Thus the American Government should be sued for lying to people concerning these matters (Roy, 198). Not sure if you can write a paper on America and Iran Relation After 1979 Revolution by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The other major concern that has affected the relationship between America and Iran is the issue of the Nuclear weapon production. The Iran’s operation of production of nuclear weapons sent a spike of fear throughout the world and the world’s peaceful condition was at stake (Sivachev and Nikolai 1979: 43). This was aggreviated after the United State’s invasion on Saddam concerning the production of nuclear weaponry, which was used by Iraq in bombing Iran during the Iraq-Iran war. On successful elimination of the nuclear weapons from Iraq, Iran took the opportunity to start nuclear operation, an idea that was rejected by United States and other powerful nations. Despite this, it is believed that Iran continues to manufacture nuclear weapons secretly (Gaddis,1987: 67) This can be attributed to the difference in issues concerning Iranian nuclear program by the US nuclear experts and the US intelligence officials who have more access of vital information concerning Iran. On the other hand the reports concerning nuclear terrorism on the Iran’s neighboring countries also made Iran fear that its security and political development is at stake if these countries like Pakistan were to attack them hence the Iran leaders and experts had to confront the situation ( Ulam, 1974:97). This was a matter that the Iranian government was not ready to ignore and the country had to think of the necessary precautions it needed to undertake to prevent any attack that could be brought up by these countries. As a result Iran saw it as a need to have even a minimal nuclear deterrent capacity (Westad, 2006:219). When the US announced its invasion to Iraq, Iran was supportive though its main objective was to eliminate Saddam’s nuclear threat. However, on the Pakistan and Afghanistan threat to Iran it reconsidered its quitting to shelf its weapons but instead it optimistically took this opportunity to install nuclear defense. As a result it brought back the old Iranian nuclear threat to other neighboring countries and globally. However, Iran claims that its nuclear production is for defense purpose, a situation that have made Washington to reconsider its perception on Iran, as not simply a nuclear threat, but rather a potential in partnership on fight against global nuclear terrorism(Lewis, 2006: 91). The US officials hence needed to understand the Iran’s stand on the nuclear terrorism issue to determine whether they were to collaborate with them. However, the collaboration of US-Iran was seen as a gateway that could allow Iran in its ambitions of nuclear weapons, this cooperation between US and Iran on nuclear terrorism campaign was seen to have possibilities in cooperating with Afghanistan, hence neutralizing the call for a nuclear shield against nuclear terrorism. Although, Iran was no more afraid of Pakistan nuclear attack, US defense Secretary, William Perry, said “there is a real threat of nuclear strike against the US from non-state actors in Afghanistan and Pakistan.” In addition Iranian alleges that the anti-Shi’ite radicals in Pakistan would attempt to attack them if they managed to interrupt and make away with the Iranian nuclear artillery. These views concerning attacks to Iran and US made their relations on nuclear terrorism fight come to an agreement despite the restrict measures imposed in Iran by US concerning the weapons production ( Zubok,1996: 78). Despite its fight against nuclear terrorism by other Middle East countries, the Iranian plea to be licensed in nuclear production was denied. This has made the two nations to remain in continuous suspicion of each other concerning their security issues. The US due to Iran’s war like activities any significant increased in its arsenal would result in fears around the worlds and in particular towards the US Since it will be considered that such an amount of unrivaled arsenal would be directed towards the US and its installations in the world. This can be seen in the US alarm over Iran nuclear ambitious which will jeopardize its peace if Iran were to acquire nuclear weapons and attack to United States. Hence it has portrayed Iran as not qualified for nuclear production. However Iran has condemned the US over its double standard nature since other nations in the world are allowed to purse nuclear ambitions while it is not (Ball, 1998: 34) The Iran-Iraq war was major concern and took the intervention of the United States government. Immediately after the Iran revolution began, Iraq invaded Iran with an aim of stopping the revolution while in its infancy; for fear that the revolution would spread to Iraq. This invasion resulted to an eight year war between the two nations, which led to massive killing of government officials, military and civilians. This war was condemned by United States, which sent peace troops, and forced them to make for peace resolutions. This action by the US led to resentment by the two countries. In addition, the Marines peace keeper whose mission was to settle the conflict between Christians and Muslims were condemned by Iranian for siding with Christian and attacking Muslims. This resulted to suicide bombing which coasted many American lives and Hatred between the two nations expanded. The hostage taking of Americans in Iran has also affected the relationship between these two countries. Immediately after the revolution, the Americans in Iran were held hostage with the claim that the United States backed up Shah’s regime. Despite the United States plea to Iran to release their citizens the hostage crises still persisted. The American families of the victim pleaded with the government as it accused Iran for its actions and refused to agree with the negotiations. This took place in 1979 to 1981, where 52 Americans were held hostage for one year and sixty nine days, after a faction of Islamic students and militias took over the American Embassy as a show of support to the Iranian revolution (Leffler, 2007: 348). Due to unsuccessful of negotiations for hostage release the US army made an attempt for a rescue operation which failed resulting to death of eight Americans servicemen and one Iranian civilian. This hostage taking was viewed as a “retaliation and reciprocated disbelief” entanglement. It was seen as a blow to the United States governance despite the US freezing all Iranian assets in the in the United States. The effect of this hostage crisis was had far more adverse effect on the American administration which was accompanied by the loss of presidency of President Jimmy Carter in November 1980. This situation strengthened Khomeini political power and his opposition to the US. On the other hand, it marked the genesis of U.S legal action and fiscal embargos against Iran as well as deteriorating the economic ties between the two nations which has its effect up to date (Gaddis, 1982: 253). The Iranian government exercises exploitation to its citizen by its faith that democracy is an enemy of development. The minorities like women are exploited and are denied their rights of expression. They are made to be submissive to men. In addition, human rights, concerning movement freedom, speech freedom as well as expression have always been undermined. This has made the Human Right Programs and movements in the US to intervene and try to reduce exploitation act a move that have been received with hostility in Iran. This is because they consider US as an enemy without the moral authority to intervene in its sovereign matters (LaFeber, 1993: 43). The United States is also concerned with the false faith that is instilled in Iranians concerning their relation with the US as a result of the Iran’s media and government. For instance the suicide bombing is an issue of a human right of life which is exploited by the Iran’s regime. From the revolution, the relation between the United States and Iraq have been at stake and involved with a lot of friction concerning human right, terrorism and war among other issues. This has brought about many differences in views concerning both internal and global issues which are disagreed by the two nations. As a result, this has coasted both nations and the world much in terms of properties and lives (January, 2008: 256). In conclusion after the Iranian revolution, the relations between the two countries have always deteriorated with time as each country pursed its own interests and that of it citizens and allies. Despite the fact that the world is becoming one global village, this realization is still far from becoming a reality to both countries as their differences are continuously increasing in each and every agenda on their tables from human rights to nuclear ambitions (Lundestad, 1999: 412). Reference List Anderson, T. 1981, The United States, Great Britain, and the Cold War, 1944-1947, University of Missouri Press, Columbia. Ball, S. 1998, The Cold War: An International History, 1947-1991, British perspective, London. Boyle, P. 1993, American-Soviet Relations: From the Russian Revolution to the Fall of Communism, Routledge, New York. Charles, W. 1991, The Long Postwar Peace, Penguin Press, London. Clarke, B. 2005, Four Minute Warning: Britain’s Cold War, Tempus Pub Ltd, Gloucestershire. Crockatt, R. 1995, The Fifty Years War: The United States and the Soviet Union in World Politics, 1941-1991, Routledge, London. Friedman, N. 2000, The Fifty Year War: Conflict and Strategy in the Cold War, Chatham Publishing, NC. Gaddis, J. 2005, The Cold War: A New History, Penguin Press, London. Gaddis, J. 1990, Russia, the Soviet Union and the United States. An Interpretative History, Penguin Press, London. Gaddis, J. 1987, Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War, Penguin Press, London. Gaddis, J. 1982, Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy, Penguin Press, London. Hogan, M. 1996, America in the World: The Historiography of US Foreign Relations since 1941, Chelsea House Publications, PA. January, B. 2008, The Iranian Revolution, Twenty-First Century Books, IA. LaFeber, W. 1993, America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945-1992, McGraw-Hill, New York. Leffler, M. 2007, For the Soul of Mankind: The United States, the Soviet Union, and theCold War, Hill and Wang, New York. Lewis, A. 2006, The American Culture of War: The History of U.S. Military Force from World War II to Operation Iraqi Freedom, Routledge, London. Lundestad, G. 1999, East, West, North, South: Major Developments in International Politics since 1945, Oxford University Press, London. Mitchell, G. 2004, The Iron Curtain: The Cold War in Europe, Chelsea House Publications, PA. Nation, R. 1992, Black Earth, Red Star: A History of Soviet Security Policy, 1917-1991, Cornell University Press, Ithaca. Ninkovich, F. 1988, Germany and the United States: The Transformation of the German Question since 1945, Twayne Publishers, Boston. Paterson, T. G. 1988, Meeting the Communist Threat: Truman to Reagan, Oxford University Press, New York. Powaski, R. E. 1998, The Cold War: The United States and the Soviet Union, 1917-1991, Oxford University Press, New York. Sivachev, N. and Nikolai Y. 1979, Russia and the United States, University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Taubman, W. 2004, Khrushchev: The Man and His Era, W. W. Norton