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Murals Wall Paintings And Frescoes History Essay

Architecture is the combination of art and science. Art and science may be two completely different meanings, but in architecture there is the ability to follow each other. What I mean by this is that the art in architecture is not just art. Even the simplest thing in art when it comes to collaborate with architecture it’s surely restudied and tried by technology features if it works properly. Art makes her appearance from the very first prehistoric years. It doesn’t need a definition in order to describe art; everything that someone likes can be a piece of art. Art had been developed as the world history develops, everything that was happening in history could affect art history. The paintings were there and had been continued to exist in the bad and the good moments of humanity. Artists and generally many people found a way to express their feelings, all that they couldn’t say with words they were doing them by painting. They were drawing existing things, situations that had affected the positive or negative or imaginary things, abstract scenes which in reality were symbolizing their dreams, fears, pain, joy, love or whatever the human mind considers as a feeling. Murals, frescoes and mosaics are the perfection of the simple paintings. Their appearance came to give another essence to the world of art and had been innovation in the art of decoration. These famous till now art decoration skills gave architecture’s history another more artistic, creative character and made the escape from these such simple lines and the empty spaces with only columns on them. Murals in addition made people get more interested in architecture spaces, gave them further information about the history, customs, or other habits of our ancestors. Generally different aspects of real life moments that we couldn’t capture or count that were existing . Mural history lasted for many years and even and in now days we can find mural decorations in many countries over the world. And finally by their study was succeeded the cultural and technological development which takes them in other proportions and made them unique. Murals, the walls in Latin language, are large scale paintings which are applied directly to walls, ceilings and large flat surfaces. At their first years, about 32 000 years ago, had been used especially in caves, were the most known examples found in France and Spain but generally cave murals existed in India, Australia, Africa, South America and Southeast Asia. The first mural was found in Horse Panel in the Chauvet Cave, in France in 30 000 BC . Few years later they discovered other old chronological mural from 1200 BC in Altmira, Spain. Most common subjects that were found in the caves were animal figures, and to be more precise wild and big animals like horses, deers, crocodiles, bears, lions, mammoths and rhinoceroses. The colours that were using were the classical red, black and the yellow ochre. In the later years we can notice their development as we have new techniques , new themes vary from place to place and innovations in decoration, in Egypt, Greece and Rome. The murals in these locations generally were applied mostly in public buildings such as churches, tombs, temples, museums, palaces, because were costing a lot and the government was paying for their application. Murals were both used in interior and exterior, despite that the exterior’s ones in majority had been destroyed from manmade or organic disasters. The subjects in Egypt were in their majority life scenes from the king accompanied with the hieroglyphic language. The technique on drawing that Egyptians were using was called “twisted perspective” as in the paintings the eyes and shoulders were looking in front and the legs and head in profile. In Greece on the other side the subjects were ceremony scenes, scenes of life and society and different historical events. The roman frescoes, which were affected from those in Greece, were themes in reverse were realistic scenes of homes, gardens, blue skies, and mythology and erotic themes as well. Especially in the Renaissance all the human figures in the frescoes were naked. The last mural had been done in 1995 in Balma, in the Cathedral of St Paul in Minnesota. The most known form of mural art is the Fresco art. The word Fresco is Italian and in English means fresh. In Frescoes the paints were applied directly in wet lime plaster. The early Frescoes were painted on limestone walls but later by the 1500 BC had been painted on wet plaster, because wet plaster was allowing more flexibility in its application and the location could be applied for decoration. The most known examples of Frescoes had been found in Crete, a Greek island, in 1700 BC; where the method of adding the lime on the wet plaster and paint had been invented and later consummated by a Renaissance artist. The most interesting fresco that was found in Crete was a competition of athletic content between three young men. After the involvement of Crete, the Frescoes were divided to two different methods the Buon Fresco and the Secco Fresco. The Buon Fresco, otherwise in English the “good”, was the method when the colour was applied in wet lime plaster with water allowing the paint to get into the plaster. The Secco Fresco, which means “dry” fresco, was the application of paint in dry plaster organically. As the Buon Fresco technique invented later in Crete, in the early years in caves the Frescoes were applied by the Secco technique. Later in the middle ages, the technique had been perfected and the plaster was including fine sand, lime and marble dust, which was set in small sections. So the large Fresco was comprised from small sections and the joint was almost invisible. From the fourth century till the thirteen century the mural decoration of Europe was bestrided from the mosaics. In mosaics were used different coloured stones in order to create patterns. In fourth century in Greece the mosaics turned to a piece of art form as they started the use of geometric patterns and detailed scenes of people and animals. In 200 BC became more detailed and the colours had been more advanced. In Roman the mosaics were used more for flooring purposes. Their subjects were scenes of celebrating their gods, domestic themes and of course geometric designs. Contrary to roman mosaics, Byzantine mosaics were used to more for walling and rarely for flooring. In fifth century where Byzantine Empire reached a peak in the center of Byzantium, Constantinople (today Istanbul) the theme of the mosaics was Christian. There were done portraits and Christian scenes by using especially glass, which was allowing light reflection too. Later in the Islamic mosaic art, in eighth century, they were using glass, stone and ceramic for the mosaics. The innovation on Islamic mosaic art was the use of mathematical and more geometric themes. In nineteenth century we have the renaissance of the Byzantine style in combination with gothic components. Finally in twentieth century we had the use of mosaics for the exterior of the buildings and the consideration that mosaics consist formal art and architecture till now days in twenty-first century that is the century of modern mosaics. The most famous mosaic in the history of mosaics was the Alexander mosaic in Pompeii which had been done in 100 BC approximately. It’s worth to be referred that the famous Gaudi had made mosaics too. The most known mural artists make were found in the Italian Renaissance. The trinity of this period , great masters , were Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael. The ultimate “Renaissance Man” was Leonardo Da Vinci, who was born in1452. The artist and scientist left behind him some of the most art and science masterpieces in history. His most famous mural was the “Last Supper”, a fifteenth century wall painting with Christian content. Michelangelo Buonarroti was professional paint artist, sculpture, poet and architect born in 1475; he was doing frescoes for many years. The frescoes in the ceiling and the walls of Sistine Chapel in Vatican made him one of the most famous renaissance artists. His fresco, “The creation of Adam” which is located of course in Sistine Chapel is the most known fresco, a fresco that we can find in paintings in houses all these years. The third of them, Raphael Sanzio, born 1483 was the youngest of the trinity and was of course another Italian painter and architect of High Renaissance. His most large fresco works had been found in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican with “The school of Athens” to mark out and consists one of his top works. Moreover other most known fresco architect and artist in the history of murals is Giotto Di Bondone, Italian Renaissance representative too, who was doing humanistic religious frescoes. In his later years had been affected from gothic style and his famous fresco, was the fresco of life at Saint Francis at Assissi. In the other side the most known Baroque mural artists were Tiepolo, Peter Paul Rubens and Giovanni Battista. These murals, wall paintings, frescoes, mosaics and generally all the artistic surfaces in buildings weren’t just decoration skills. They h ad been reflected cultural and technological development as well. Every mural had its own particular history, proportion. On the one hand the themes of the murals were varying from location to location because every country had its particular culture, history, customs, and religion so the wall paintings were affected surely from these factors. On the other hand the quality of the murals was developing by the period of time, so the artists after doing many of them tried to applicate new ideas of making the process easier and made more professional tools in order to have a further help. The existence of the cultural development is very obvious. The wall paintings show from all those images their historical background. All these subjects in the walls helped the historians to learn more about the life in the prehistoric years, the years that we don’t have writing marks. People couldn’t write but they could draw what they were feeling in caves initially and then in walls. As we can see at first there were painting wild animals, so this accordingly to the researchers shows their initial enemies. People these years were all the time in danger from these wild animals, and many of them have been killed and eaten by them. Later we had the hunting scenes, the ceremony scenes in Egypt and Greece, which show how people, were finding their food, how they were killing their nutrition. The detail in the murals indicates even how their weapons were done and their materials. In the ceremony, life and society scenes were showing how they were admiring their gods, who and how were these gods, the offers to them, their customs and formal occasions. In Egypt even the big disasters that happened to them were shown in the murals, in few words their paintings is an open book for the Egyptian history. Roman frescoes at their majority were realistic scenes of homes, palaces, figures of naked people, gardens and fruit trees and finally scenes of the gods of mythology. From these murals we find out what happens inside the palaces something that wasn’t public to all, we get a general essence of how the interior was like, how and where they were having fun. In addition it can be noticed that Venus was one of the most loving gods of the mythology. In the Byzantine murals, were the wall paintings, were scenes from the Bible and Christian symbols, the murals confirmed the evidences that were written in the Bible. Generally wall paintings were one of the most unexceptional detail records of historical events, since the famous logo says one image equal to thousand words. In terms of technological development, by a detailed analysis made from professionals came out a lot of conclusions that show that from mural to mural exists difference and further development in materials and techniques generally. The most obvious development was in the process of fresco, which turns from “Secco” to “Buon” fresco. In other words the application of pigment on dry plaster and the use of water to make it pass through the plaster giving it automatically more facility in use, than in dry plaster as was used before. The most important development on the other side was the entrance of maths and geometry in the fresco technique. Leonardo Da Vinci make the first step with the ” Vetruvius Man” in 1490, showing how a well built man with extended members can fit into the most known geometrical figures which are the circle and the square. This helps in order the artistic sector, which were the frescoes to fit in the geometrical aspects of the ceilings or columns. Furthermore the fresco artists have found a pigment system, in which the mixture of the colour with the plaster looks like, is a real part of the material. In sixteenth century has started the method that we use till today, which is not other from the paintings with oil paints in canvas. The artists like now were finishing their paintings at their spaces and then were instate them in the walls. Modern technologies and the variety of materials that exist in now days have added new more professional quality and look in fresco. To be more accurate modern technology provides tools that had been improved a lot; we got off the first murals that were painted with animal bones or feathers now the frescoes are being made with trowels. The new technologies get rid of mistakes or problems with the materials or the quantity of the paints and the most important they don’t waste so much time in every mural as the tools are bigger and design for these particular purposes hasn’t been found in nature. Concluding, nobody can argue that murals, frescoes, mosaics haven’t affect or developed history, architecture, technology and culture. Undoubtedly this form of decoration came to give another essence to the decoration history, to the art history and of course to the architecture history. It was an interesting innovation in decoration of many buildings that gave colour and a kind of breath to the white colorless walls, which constituted only elements of the structure. For me one of the best adjectives of mural paintings was the information given. To be more specific, the contents of the decoration paintings were key words in the puzzle of our origin history. They were given just details but for the researchers is not like this from every particular detail in each fresco or mural years of research were covered in just few minutes. Is is good to see murals that are not only just a painting but whole stories that have something to teach you or to pass you through. Finally the number of the people who visited museums, churches or old palaces which now are open sights, to see these murals, mosaics and frescoes that have been rescued till today is an alive proof that, art is historical and in these days were the stocks and the ideals of people had been lost and destroyed , the interest for art remains invulnerable.
Languages homework help. Global Capital MarketsRead Closing Case: Industrial and Commercial Bank of China at the end of Chapter 11 in your text. Write a two- to three-page paper, excluding the title and reference pages, with a detailed analysis that addresses the following: Examine why ICBC felt the need to issue equity in markets outside of China. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of such a move. Determine the attraction of the ICBC in regards to providing exchange listings to foreign investors. Provide examples of why investors would be interested. Summarize the risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC. Provide examples of possible risks. In addition to the required text, provide at least one additional scholarly source to support your point. Your paper should be formatted in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment. Please see Below!Reference:Hill, W.L. (2011).ÿ International Business:ÿ Competing in the global marketplace (8th ed.). New York:ÿ McGraw-Hill Irwin.ÿ ISBN:ÿ 978-0-07-813719-8Total Possible Score: 7.00Examines Why ICBC Felt the Need to Issue Equity in Markets Outside of China and Describes Advantages and Disadvantages of the MoveTotal: 2.00Distinguished – Expertly examines why ICBC felt the need to issue equity in markets outside of China and thoroughly describes advantages and disadvantages of issuing the equity.Proficient – Examines why ICBC felt the need to issue equity in markets outside of China and describes advantages and disadvantages of issuing the equity.Basic – Partially examines why ICBC felt the need to issue equity in markets outside of China and partially describes advantages and disadvantages of issuing the equity.Below Expectations – Incompletely examines why ICBC felt the need to issue equity in markets outside of China and insufficiently describes advantages and disadvantages of issuing the equity.Non-Performance – The examination of ICBS?s need to issue equity in outside markets and the description of advantages and disadvantages are either nonexistent or lack the components described in the assignment instructions.Determines the Attraction of the ICBC in Regards to Providing Exchange Listings to Foreign InvestorsTotal: 2.00Distinguished – Thoroughly determines the attraction of the ICBC in regard to providing exchange listings to foreign investors. Provides appropriate examples of why investors would be interested.Proficient – Determines the attraction of the ICBC in regard to providing exchange listings to foreign investors. Provides examples of why investors would be interested, but some examples may be slightly inappropriate or the determination may be missing minor details.Basic – Partially determines the attraction of the ICBC in regard to providing exchange listings to foreign investors. Somewhat provides examples of why investors would be interested, but many examples are inappropriate and/or the determination is missing relevant details.Below Expectations – Attempts to determine the attraction of the ICBC in regard to providing exchange listings to foreign investors and provide examples of why investors would be interested; however, the examples are entirely inappropriate and the determination is missing significant details.Non-Performance – The determination of attraction for ICBC to provide exchange listings to foreign investors and the examples of why investors would be interested are either nonexistent or lack the components described in the assignment instructions.Summarizes the Risks for a Foreigner Associated With Investing in ICBCTotal: 2.00Distinguished – Accurately summarizes the risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC. Provides relevant examples of possible risks.Proficient – Summarizes the risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC. Provides examples of possible risks. Minor details in the summary are inaccurate or the examples are slightly irrelevant.Basic – Summarizes the risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC. Provides examples of possible risks. Relevant details in the summary are inaccurate or the examples are irrelevant.Below Expectations – Attempts to summarize the risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC and provide examples of possible risks; however, significant details in the summary are inaccurate or the examples are highly irrelevant.Non-Performance – The summary of risks for a foreigner associated with investing in ICBC and the examples of possible risks are either nonexistent or lack the components described in the assignment instructions.Creative Thinking: Solving ProblemsTotal: 0.20Distinguished -ÿDevelops a logical, consistent plan to solve a problem. Identifies consequences of the solution and clearly communicates the reason for choosing the solution.Proficient -ÿCarefully chooses among alternatives and develops a logical, consistent approach to problem solving.Basic -ÿTakes into account and eliminates less acceptable approaches to problem solving.Below Expectations -ÿTakes into account a single approach and uses the approach to problem solve.Non-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Critical Thinking: Conclusions and Related OutcomesTotal: 0.10Distinguished -ÿConclusions and related outcomes are logical and clearly reflect an informed evaluation and the ability to place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.Proficient -ÿConclusions and related outcomes are logical and reflect an informed evaluation and the ability to place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.Basic -ÿConclusions and related outcomes are identified and minimally reflect an informed evaluation and the ability to place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.Below Expectations -ÿConclusions and related outcomes are not logical or reflective of an informed evaluation and the ability to place evidence and perspectives discussed in priority order.Non-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Written Communication: Control of Syntax and MechanicsTotal: 0.18Distinguished -ÿDisplays meticulous comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains no errors and is very easy to understand.Proficient -ÿDisplays comprehension and organization of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains only a few minor errors and is mostly easy to understand.Basic -ÿDisplays basic comprehension of syntax and mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains a few errors which may slightly distract the reader.Below Expectations -ÿFails to display basic comprehension of syntax or mechanics, such as spelling and grammar. Written work contains major errors which distract the reader.Non-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Written Communication: APA FormattingTotal: 0.18Distinguished -ÿAccurately uses APA formatting consistently throughout the paper, title page, and reference page.Proficient -ÿExhibits APA formatting throughout the paper. However, layout contains a few minor errors.ÿBasic – Exhibits limited knowledge of APA formatting throughout the paper. However, layout does not meet all APA requirements.ÿBelow Expectations -ÿFails to exhibit basic knowledge of APA formatting. There are frequent errors, making the layout difficult to distinguish as APA.Non-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Written Communication: Page RequirementTotal: 0.17Distinguished -ÿThe length of the paper is equivalent to the required number of correctly formatted pages.ÿProficient -ÿThe length of the paper is nearly equivalent to the required number of correctly formatted pages.ÿBasic -ÿThe length of the paper is equivalent to at least three quarters of the required number of correctly formatted pages.Below Expectations -ÿThe length of the paper is equivalent to at least one half of the required number of correctly formatted pages. ÿÿNon-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Written Communication: Resource RequirementTotal: 0.17Distinguished -ÿUses more than the required number of scholarly sources, providing compelling evidence to support ideas. All sources on the reference page are used and cited correctly within the body of the assignment.Proficient -ÿUses the required number of scholarly sources to support ideas. All sources on the reference page are used and cited correctly within the body of the assignment.Basic -ÿUses less than the required number of sources to support ideas. Some sources may not be scholarly. Most sources on the reference page are used within the body of the assignment. Citations may not be formattedÿcorrectly.Below Expectations -ÿUses an inadequate number of sources that provide little or no support for ideas. Sources used may not be scholarly. Most sources on the reference page are not used within the body of the assignment. Citations are not formatted correctly.Non-Performance -ÿThe assignment is either nonexistent or lacks the components described in the instructions.Languages homework help

Review chapter 1 and chapter 2 for this assignment Instructions for this Assignment Using Microsoft Word, respond to the Essay

Review chapter 1 and chapter 2 for this assignment Instructions for this Assignment Using Microsoft Word, respond to the review questions located in chapters 1 (there are 5 questions at the end of the chapter)and Chapter 2(there are 6 questions at the end of the chapter). Submission Format Your assignment/paper should be double-spaced and include a centered title. Any sources used should be properly cited in APA format. Both chapters are uploaded below

Outsourcing and In-sourcing IT Service Component Research Paper

essay help online free Outsourcing and In-sourcing IT Service Component Research Paper. Introduction The Emirates Airways is the leading airline company in the entire Middle East region. This firm was started on October 25, 1985 by the government of United Arab Emirates. The government was keen on transforming this country into a business hub, and a tourist’s destination. The government had improved the infrastructure of the country and the city of Dubai was first turning into a global business hub. The government was therefore concerned that there was no national airline that would travel from this city directly to other parts of the world (Sandhusen, 2008). The leadership of this country decided to start this company to take care of the national interests. The government therefore, funded this firm and offered it an enabling environment to prosper in this industry. The Emirates Airways has made a lot of effort to ensure that it meets the expectation of the government and that of the customers. With the increasing market competition, the management of this firm realized that the only way it could prosper in this market would be through coming up with ways through which it could emerge as the preferred firm. The management therefore, developed various strategies that would meet the expectations of customers. In its quest to attract customers, the firm became the first airline to install entertainment facilities in all its planes in the entire Middle East region (Liew, 2009). Most of these technical activities were initially outsourced. However, the firm changed this strategy to in-sourcing after the realization that it had the capacity to build its own workforce. This has seen the firm become the leading airline in this region, and the fourth in the entire world. Specific Business Unit and Component to be outsourced In every project, there must be a clear schedule that should be followed to ensure that it achieves its objectives. Emirates Airline was concerned of the state of the IT within the firm. Some of the delays were experienced in the process of booking, and there was need to improve the system in order to enhance efficiency of the firm. The management therefore, developed a project that would ensure that it improves its internal communication and the inter-departmental connectivity within the firm (Lamb, 2012). This was the reason why the management decided to outsource external labor to work on this project as it was apparent that the available labor force lacked the capacity to perform this activity. However, the firm acted prudently by making their employees work alongside the hired technicians. The firm soon developed a workforce with the capacity to handle this activity. This allowed it to revert to in-sourcing of the activities internally. The Gantt chart below specifies the activities that were carried out in this project Gantt chart Time: 2012 January February March April Project Activity: Improving IT of the Firm Project Planning Project proposal development (Outsourcing) Project proposal approval Selecting an appropriate external workforce to undertake the project Implementation and Internal Learning Detailing requirements of the components of IT to be improved within the firm. Development of prototype by the outsourced firm. Approval of the prototype by the top management of Emirates Airline. Development of a version by the outsourced firm Test the version by both the outsourced firm and employees of Emirates Airline in the It department. Apply the correction on the version Approve and implement the final version In-sourcing Train all the users Using the internal workforce to improve this project. The above Gantt chart demonstrates all the activities that were accomplished within a specified duration. The firm started out by outsourcing the services, and when its workforce had developed understanding of the facts, the firm then tasked its employees with the duty to improve the project. An Overview of the Business and Business Model Emirates Airways is currently the leading airline in the Middle East. The firm has its headquarters in Dubai, at Dubai International Airport. This firm operates in to four largest destinations across the world. The firm operates in more than 100 destinations in 74 countries. The company has managed to overcome stiff competition that is in the current market. According to Charantimath (2007), the airline industry is very competitive. This scholar notes that this competition has been rising in the past decade with the entry of new airlines into the industry. It becomes a big challenge for a firm to operate in such a competitive market if it lacks proper competitive strategies. This scholar notes that the aviation industry has been consistently on the rise in the past one decade. The emerging technologies have brought in a lot of changes in this industry, and firms are forced to adjust their operations in order to meet the market demands. The emerging trends in the aviation industry cannot be ignored. It would force a firm to embrace these changes in order to realize the benefits that this industry has to offer. This is what the management of Emirate Airline has been keen on. This firm has received enough financial support from the government to enable it manage the emerging trends in the aviation sector. Some of the technological inventions always demand that the firm gets experts to handle various aspects of technology. It sometimes forces the firm to look for this expertise outside the firm. Effective marketing has seen this firm become the largest airline in this region. According to Bissoondoyal (2006), marketing has changed from what it used to be in the past. Marketing was considered as part of production about 50 years ago. By then, competition was low, and the main concern was to increase production of the firm. The market was readily available in the global world. However, this has systematically changed over the years. Firms have come to realize that customers have various options to choose from when they want to make a purchase. Given such independence of the customers, firms have come to realize that they have to come up with strategies that would enable them attract customers. This has resulted in a scenario where every firm is struggling to come up with appealing strategies through which they can capture the attention of the customers. This competition is very stiff in the aviation industry. Such leading airlines like the British Airways, the Virgin Atlantic, Air France among others; the Emirates Airways is forced to come up with a strategy that would enable it capture the market in the best way possible. IT plays a central role in enhancing success of the firm in the market. Service Components Outsourced As stated above, the aviation sector is very competitive. Firms have come to embrace technology as a way of managing this competition. The top management of Emirates Airline was concerned of the time that it takes to process details of customers while booking a flight with the firm. Other major airlines like the British Airways and even Qatar Airways had developed mechanisms that allowed them to reach out for the customers easily. They had improved their system in a way that their customers could easily book for the plane through online means. These IT leaders of this firm appreciated the fact that its workforce had no capacity to develop a system that will enhance communication between the firm and the customers, and even within itself (Hartman, 2002). The system that was in existence was weak and could not be relied upon to deliver the expected results. The management of this firm therefore had to outsource external skills in order to improve the IT department of the firm. The management of this firm hired expects to help improve the system to enhance booking of the plane online. The system was developed to allow all the booking offices to have instant communication amongst themselves and with the customers. The management decided to improve the internal workforce in the process of developing this system. The Rationale for Outsourcing Outsourcing is one of the new trends in the current world. Initially, a firm would be involved in all the activities within the firm. The management would determine all the activities that should be undertaken within the firm. The management would then assign the activities to various departments within the firm to accomplish. This was working well in those olden days, especially after the Second World War. Firms did not have to struggle looking for the market. The global market was very large, but firms that were doing mass production for various products were very few. There was therefore no serious competition in the market (Handlechner, 2008). The main focus of most firms was to increase their production capacity because of the readily available market. However, this was changing as the world was getting globalized. Various firms were coming into existence from various corners around the world. With the emerging technologies, the world was fast turning into a global village. Many countries also considered opening up their markets for foreign firms. This brought about serious competition as firms had to convince the market that their products are the best. Outsourcing was first witnessed in the aviation industry. This industry still remains the leading outsourcing industry in the world. The airlines in many countries across the world realized that most of their employees did not have the capacity to offer quality service to the planes for maintenance purposes. These airline firms struggled to look for employees with the capacity to take care of the maintenance of the planes. The process of looking for such experienced individuals was not only costly, but also very tiresome. It would take a lot f time getting an individual with enough knowledge in this area, and retaining them within the firm was another problem. This condition was worsened by the fact that such tasks would require a number of individuals to work as a team. The following are some of the justifications of outsourcing by Emirates Airline. Increasing of the Operations Efficiency Outsourcing is one of the best ways of increasing operations efficiency. It is common to have cases where a firm lacks proper expertise to undertake certain activities. This is very common when dealing with the emerging technologies. It may take a very long time for a firm to train its employees on certain activities within the industry (Gerber, 2008). Outsourcing therefore comes out strongly as the best strategy that allows the firm to operate with the highest efficiency level even if it lacks expertise in some fields. Employees who have knowledge and experience will be retained in their departments to increase their efficiency. Those tasks that the firm lacks proper expertise will be assigned to other firms with enough capacity to deliver good results. This way, the operations of the firm will be very efficient. Increasing Time to Focus in Other Core Activities According to Ferrell (2011), it is always a strenuous and time consuming process trying to undertake a task that one has limited knowledge in. Such an individual will be performing two tasks at a time. The first task will be learning how to perform the task, while purporting to perform the task. This takes a lot of time that would have been used to undertake other activities. When such activities are outsourced, it allows the firm more time to focus on activities that it can perform best. This way, the management, and the employees will be left with ample time to focus on other core activities of the firm. Improving Management of Information Information is one of the key components of a firm that always dictates success or failure in the market. A firm that is able to develop an information flow has the capacity to succeed, unlike another with disrupted information strategy. Information management is always very important. Outsourcing enhances information flow. When a firm outsources another firm, it would mean that the firm will have a reduced number of employees. Coordinating the reduced number of employees is much easier. The management will use the leadership of the outsourced firm to ensure that its employees work within its expectations. Reduced Cost of Operations Firms are currently fighting to reduce costs of operations. Customers are demanding more for a lesser cost. The suppliers are demanding more money for lesser suppliers they deliver, citing increased cost of operations. Emirates Airline is pressed between these two forces. It has to find a way of meeting the needs of the two forces. Outsourcing offers firms this opportunity. When a firm outsources another to perform certain tasks, this would mean that the firm will not need to hire individuals in these departments. This reduces the cost of labor for the firm. Reduced Risks The process of outsourcing reduces the risks of errors in performing certain activities. This is very common in the aviation industry. When these tasks are assigned to experienced individuals, chances that the activity will be done in a faulty way are minimized. This reduces risks that would be met if the activities were done by inexperienced employees within the firm. Quick Implementation of New Technologies The emerging technologies are very important in the modern world. It is important that the management of Emirates Airline ensures that it has the capacity to manage the emerging technologies. Outsourcing other firms in various departments within the organization helps in quickening the implementation of new technologies. To implement new technologies as quick as may be desired, there is always need to ensure that there are individuals who have an understanding of such technologies (Evans, 2012). The management f this firm will only need to go for a firm with experience and knowledge of the new technologies. Outsourcing their services will enable the outsourcing firm to implement new technologies at a faster rate. Compliance to Security In most of the industries, there are some rules and regulations set by relevant authorities to protect the public. In the aviation sector, there are safety and security rules set up by various aviation bodies. The same case applies to various other departments. Some sensitive industries like the aviation industry would require individuals with a deep understanding of the requirements put forth by the regulators. When a firm outsources such sensitive tasks to other firms, it makes it easy for the firm to comply with the security and safety rules. This would eliminate any possible cases of litigation. Staffing Flexibility One of the biggest tasks that human resource department and the IT unit have to handle is the flexibility of the staff. The staff of any given organization must be flexible. It must be able to approach the emerging trends in the market and be able to come out successful. However, this is not very easy because of specialization that comes with division of labor. When an individual is assigned a specific task, it would be difficult to make them perform other activities that are different from their current tasks. However, there must be flexibility of the workforce to enable the firm withstand the emerging trends. Outsourcing is the best way to enhance staff flexibility. A firm will only need to hire individuals with understanding of the emerging trends as and when needed. Employees will be given time to develop understanding of these new trends and master them, before they can start performing such tasks. Development of the Internal Staff It is import to develop the internal workforce. Development of the staff can come in various approaches. One of the most common ways of developing the workforce is through in-service learning. In this strategy, employees’ capacity is improved while they are at work. Outsourcing is very vital in this strategy. The management will outsource a firm with the desired skills in a particular sector. The management will then select the workforce that should learn the desired strategy and assign them to work alongside the outsourced firms. The employees would be expected to learn how to handle certain tasks by getting involved in doing them (Ferrell, 2011). The outsourced firm will not only be helping the firm in performing that particular activity, but also in teaching and developing the local staff. The firm will therefore develop a strong workforce that has the capacity to handle various activities within the firm. The above are factors that made the firm consider outsourcing the services of external workforce in improving the communication system of the firm. The Decision Makers in Outsourcing The decision of outsourcing some activities within the firm is always an involving activity. It is always important that various senior management officials get to agree on some of the factors to be considered when outsourcing. When Emirates Airline made the decision of outsourcing the services of external workforce in the IT department, the recommendation came from the head of the IT department. Following complains that were received by customer care unit from the customers over the inefficiency of the firm, the management instructed this department to adjust the system to reflect on the emerging trends in the market. The IT department admitted that it lacked the capacity to improve the system to the levels that were expected. The department recommended hiring firms that had the capacity to improve the system to the world’s standards. The IT management team played a major role in bridging the communication gaps between top executive. The executives had to be convinced that the firm lacked the capacity to undertake these duties by itself. The IT head therefore, had a huge responsibility of ensuring that all the officials who were responsible for giving a node to the project were convinced beyond any reasonable doubt that the best way was to outsource these services. The Decision to In-source the Activities and Role of IT leaders in improving communication and rapport The management of Emirates Airline was keen on ensuring that the contract for the activities lasted for about three months. The above Gantt chart clearly demonstrates this. The reason why the management was forced to outsource for these activities was due to lack of a proper expertise internally. One of the terms of the contract was that internal workforce would be working alongside the outsource workers. It was therefore a decision of the top management that after some time, the internal workforce would assume the activities that were carried out by the outsourced labor. The internal workforce therefore, took the responsibility of maintaining the system on the run, and making improvements whenever this was necessary. The IT department has fully resumed all the activities that involve communication and coordinating information within the firm and also with customers. Booking is now mostly done online, and customers have registered satisfaction with the services they receive from the firm. The process of moving from outsourced services to in-sourced services did not raise a lot of concern. This was because the IT department had stated initially that they only needed support from the external firm on how to adjust the system to reflect on the emerging trend. It was agreed that the outsourced firm would only take about two and a half month, after which their contract with the airline would expire. It was therefore, not a big challenge for the IT leaders to inform other members of the department that they had decided to use the internal workforce to carry on with the activities that remained. The Current Status of the Firm Emirates Airline current status can be analyzed from various fronts. The move by the firm to outsource the IT services only to change the decision later on has had a number of benefits to the firm. The current status of the firm can be analyzed from a number of fronts. The following is an analysis of the current status of the firm from a number of fronts. The Current Marketing Strategies of Emirates Airline The move by the firm to outsource the IT services has had a massive impact on the firm’s marketing strategies. The team formulated a strategy that involved technological advancement in various departments. The firm then moved to the implementation strategy before coming up with evaluation and control procedures. Emirates Airlines is one of the current success stories in a group of companies that have managed to be successful in the face of increasingly competitive environment. This is attributed to its strategies that have helped it manage the competition in the aviation industry. The world is getting transformed with the emerging technologies. One of the defining technologies that are transforming the world into a global village is the communication technology. The phones and the internet have made communication very easy. The firm has made it possible for the customers to make bookings through internet irrespective of their location. This has seen this firm expand its operations to regions beyond this country. As such, this has seen this firm expand its customer base and the number of routes it takes. The strategies are very important because in such a market, any misstep by a firm may lead to automatic fall of the firm and therefore, every step must be calculated very keenly. According to Hartman (2002), the current world market is very competitive. This scholar notes that this competition is not only created by the fact that there are several firms producing the same product, but also the fact that customers are informed. The current customers are very knowledgeable and know exactly what they want. They have the knowledge of where to get that which they need and at what price. They know the alternatives that are available and this makes them more demanding. As such, turning these individuals into loyal customers of a firm is not easy. It forces a firm to develop a strategy that would enable it remain relevant in the market The Current International Marketing Campaigns used by Emirates Airlines around the World In the current market, customers are very demanding. This firm is constantly under pressure to perform exceedingly well in order to manage the competition in the market. It faces a lot of pressure from the suppliers. The jet fuel is constantly on the rise. The airline firm has to otherwise but to pay the increased price of fuel. The cost of maintenance is also high. This increases the cost of delivering products to the customer. The firm also needs to improve on the quality of the products in order to ensure that they outmuscle other competitors. When the product is delivered to the customers, the customer will demand reduced prices simply because they have other alternatives. This would force the firm to find a way of generating profits in such a harsh environment. The outsourced services helped a great deal in overcoming this challenge. The Emirates Airways has come to realize that it has to develop means through which it can develop promotional campaigns for its products in the global market. The Emirates Airways has developed a brand in the local market, and the entire region of Middle East. The region appreciates the fact that this company offers the best travel services in the region. However, there is a very strong competition from another regional airline, the Qatar Airways, which is posing threat to this firm. It forces the firm to come up with strategies which can enable it attract the customers in the region. Regionally, this firm has positioned itself as a company that takes care of comfort, safety and security of the passengers. One of the leading concerns of most passengers is the comfort of the plane. This is because the distance is always very long. This would require some comfort for the passengers in order to reduce fatigue. The passengers are also concerned with their security once on air. This is because of the rising insecurity in most cities. Terrorist attack on the airplanes has become very common in the current globalized world. Passengers want reassurance that they will be safe when they embark on such journeys. This market proposition has seen it win trust of the local market. This firm has also made concerted effort to attract travelers of other nations. In order to reach out for the customers, this firm has tried to use both the social media and mass media to communicate their message to the customers. The firm made the decision to use social media marketing after the management decided to outsource the IT services. Locally, the firm has actively engaged in promotional campaigns in the mass media. It has developed television commercials that help it reach the local market. The social media has been very vital in reaching out for the international community. The YouTube has helped this firm in airing its television commercials to the international community. The Facebook and Tweeter have also been very vital in communicating to the customers in the international market. When the firm decided to stop outsourcing the services, the internal workforce has been able to manage this strategy. The Impact of the Decision Stop Outsourcing IT Services When the management decided to stop outsourcing the IT services, it was a little challenging for the employees of Emirates Airline to run the system on their own. They did not find it easy to take full control of the new system especially because of technicalities involved. The top management did not have issues with this change of approach because they were informed before the project was started. The head of IT department had a little challenge filling the gap which was left by the technical team that was hired to improve the system. The head of this unit had to convince the employees in this department that they had the capacity to handle this project on their own. The employees in this department also had a big challenge trying to adjust to this new system. It was difficult for the employees to take control of a system where most of the bookings and paying the fare was done online. The top management also exerted a lot of pressure on this department to come up with advanced strategies that would ensure that passengers are entertained while they are on air. The Financial Status of the Firm The decision by the firm to improve its IT system by outsourcing the services from external experts has had direct positive financial impact on the firm. There have been an increased number of bookings per day. This can be attributed to the fact that customers can now make bookings online. Online booking has made it possible for customers to book for flight irrespective of their locations. The IT department has also improved entertainment services for the customers, further attracting them to the firm. References Bissoondoyal, U. (2006). Total quality management: a practical approach. London: New Age International. Charantimath, C. (2007). Total quality management. New York: Pearson Education. Evans, D. (2012). Social media marketing an hour a day. Indianapolis: Wiley. Ferrell, C. (2011). Marketing Strategy. New York: Cengage Learning. Gerber, K. (2008). Marketing communication. Cape Town: Pearson Education. Handlechner, M. (2008). Marketing Strategy. München: GRIN Verlag GmbH. Hartman, M. (2002). Fundamental concepts of quality improvement. New York: ASQ. Lamb, C. (2012). Marketing. Toronto: Nelson Education. Liew, J. (2009). Employee training: a study of education and training department in various corporations. Sydney: General Books. Sandhusen, R. (2008). Marketing. New York: Barron’s Educational Series Inc. Outsourcing and In-sourcing IT Service Component Research Paper

BC 240Hz Third Harmonic Simple Harmonic Motion Problems Worksheet

BC 240Hz Third Harmonic Simple Harmonic Motion Problems Worksheet.

I’m working on a physics multi-part question and need guidance to help me study.

A pipe closed at one end has a third harmonic of 240 Hz. Draw the 3rd harmonic. What is the fundamental frequency of this pipe? What is the length of this pipe? What is the fundamental frequency of the pipe if the air temperature drops to -10.0º C? A string of length 0.220 m has a fundamental frequency of 300 Hz when it is tightened to a tension of 575 N. What is the linear density of the string?
BC 240Hz Third Harmonic Simple Harmonic Motion Problems Worksheet

Project: Business Plan Milestone Three: Management Team and Manufacturing Operations Plan

Instructions In this milestone, you will outline the planned geographic location of your business, as well as what types of facilities your business needs. If yours is a manufacturing business, you will outline what you will produce and what you will purchase as components to your finished product. Discuss your control systems for inventory, purchasing, and production. If yours is a service business, focus on your location, overhead, and labor force productivity. Also in this milestone, you will discuss your management team. What technical skills, business skills, and experience do the members of your management team have? How do the skills of your team complement each other? You should include in this milestone a brief job description of each key member of the management team. You can choose to include an organizational chart and resumes of key managers. Discuss how the key managers will be compensated. Finally, outline which management training your key leaders may have had and what type of training might still be needed. This milestone should be submitted by the end of Module Three. To complete this assignment, review the prompt and grading rubric in the Final Project Guidelines And Rubric document. When you have finished your work, submit the assignment here for grading and instructor feedback.