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Multicultural Counseling Importance and Challenges Essay

Defining multicultural counseling A definite definition of multicultural counseling is difficult to come up since the practice revolves around different aspects of human behaviors. However, an effective counselor must be in a position to recognize and respects the aspects of racial/ethnic group membership with regard to each client’s socialization standards. In cultural counseling, great emphasis is laid on client’s uniqueness and individuality as well as his or her values as formed by the social group where he or she belongs (D’Andrea

Unit 6 Final Project

Unit 6 Final Project.

Complete and submit Part 2 of the Final Project using Microsoft® PowerPoint®.Part 2 of the Final Project, due at the end of this unit, requires you to identify and describe internal controls in the business process that you documented for Part 1 of the Final Project.Start with the document turned in for Part 1. Review each stage of the process and identify where an internal control SHOULD exist. Then, determine if a control actually DOES exist. Extend your document by creating a new section at the end that explains the nature of the internal controls currently working and that identifies controls that should be put in place. As this exercise involves a single business process, include only manual (i.e., human) and application-level IT (i.e., system) controls. Use the guidelines below for your documentation and make sure to reference your system flowchart.Documentation Guidelines of Existing Controls:Identify the risk the control mitigates.Detail if the control is manual or an application-level.If manual, identify the person(s) involved and explain what they do.If an application control, classify the control as an input, processing, or output control and explain how the control works or should work.Documentation Guidelines of Missing Controls:Identify the risk not covered by existing controls.Propose an internal control that would mitigate the risk. Make sure to include the same information from the guidelines for existing controls documentation.Documentation Guidelines of Existing General IT Controls: Identify and document five general IT controls important to (or should be important to) the organization:Identify the risk the control mitigates.Classify the control as one of the five types listed within your textbook: 1) personnel policies, 2) file security controls, 3) business continuity planning, 4) computer facility controls, or 5) access to computer file.Explain how the control works or should work.Add Part 2 of the Final Project to Part 1. The Final Project (Parts 1 and 2) should be 10–15 PowerPoint slides with APA reference list of 5-10 references and will be evaluated for content and professionalism. Please remember to add brief notes to the slides. Flowcharts and other figures may be included at the end of the PowerPoint. Do not write a paper. Submit your PowerPoint file via the course Dropbox by the final day of the unit (i.e., Tuesday midnight).Review the Unit 6 Final Project rubric for full details. Directions for Submitting your Final ProjectCompose your Final Project in a Microsoft PowerPoint file and save it as Username AC550 Final Project: Part 2 Unit 6.doc (Example: TAllen AC550 Final Project: Part 2 Unit 6.doc). Submit your file by selecting the Unit 6: Final Project Dropbox by the end of Unit 6.
Unit 6 Final Project

Problems of Organisational Research

cheap assignment writing service EVIDENCE AND THE PROBLEM OF ORGANISATIONAL RESEARCH. Research is a process that people go through in order to find out answers to questions in a systematic way, which will then increase their knowledge (Ghauri and Gronhaug, 2005) in Saunders et al (2007). The purpose of this review essay is to critically discuss evidence and the problem of organizational research, using four academic articles. This review will amongst other things, try to outline the debate on possible approaches to business research, look at the arguments for evidence based research and give an explanation of the problems identified with this approaches. The first article under review is by M. Saunders, P. Lewis and E. Thornhill, (2007) titled ‘The nature of business and management research, taken from their Research Methods for Business Students. This article discusses the debates on the status of business and management research. One popular aspect of this debate is on the ‘transdisciplinary’ nature of management research. This is a situation whereby knowledge from different disciplines helps management research in no small measure to advance, which otherwise cannot be gotten from the disciplines separately. Another debate arising from this article is ‘that research should complete a virtuous circle of theory and practice’ (Tranfield and Starkey, 1998) in Saunders et al (2007). This is whereby business and management research will have to apply both theory and practice to increase knowledge. The third debate which this article discusses is how management research can meet the double hurdle of been rigorous both in theory and method while engaging the world of practice and relevance (Hodgkinson et al, 2001) in Saunders et al (2007). This debate arises mainly from Gibbons et al (1994) work on the production of knowledge and its concepts. The implications of these debates are that business and management research will now have ‘to address business issues and practical managerial problems in addition to advancing knowledge and understanding’. This however may turn out to be a problem because research that has no commercial value now might have value in the future (Huff and Huff, 2001) in Saunders et al (2007). The second article, ‘Evidence based management’ by Pfeffer and Sutton(2006), discusses the issue that managers, very much like doctors, rely on outdated knowledge, traditional ways of doing things and their own methods and skills. As with medicine according to Pfeffer and Sutton (2006), managers should in addition to practice and experience, use best logic and evidence to achieve better results. This is because, as opined by Pfeffer and Sutton (2006), even though research on medical practices abound, doctors do not use them. This is the case also with managers because as per their argument, ‘managers are actually much more ignorant than doctors….and they are less eager to find out’. Although Pfeffer and Sutton (2006) posit an evidence based movement among managers, they do not loose sight of the challenges which are that the evidence is weaker because everyone lays claim to been a management expert and because of the dynamics from one company to another, that what works for one company may not work for another company. Reasons why managers prefer to make decisions that are not based on new evidence without giving it a serious thought, according to Pfeffer and Sutton (2006) is that they rely heavily on past experience. Dogma and belief is another major driver of manager’s decisions while ideology has its own fair share of the blame. Hype and marketing also plays a major role in the decisions taken by managers as much as imitation of another company’s style; so does casual benchmarking though if well utilized can be cost effective but what works in one company may not work for another. In spite of the factors militating against evidence based management, as posited by Pfeffer and Sutton (2006), ‘organizations will perform better if leaders knew and applied the best evidence’. This boils down to the point of ‘providing training, technologies and work practices so staff can take the critical results of the best studies to the bedside’. These managers can achieve through demanding evidence, adopting a neutral stance towards ideologies and theories, examining logic, treating the organization as an unfinished prototype, embracing the attitude of wisdom and cultivating the right balance of humility and decisiveness, Pfeffer and Sutton (2006). The third article under review, ‘The narrative of evidence based management: a polemic’ by Morrell K, (2008) discusses that evidence based management is an offshoot of evidence based medicine which tries to apply ‘the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions’ (Sackett et al 1996) in Morrell(2008). Based on the extensive research carried out in the field of evidence based management, agencies of government and policy makers have taken on board principles of evidence based management, even though there is still no consensus as to what really evidence is in management studies or on what will be used the determine the quality of evidence (Dopson, 2006) in Morrell (2008). This article also points out the political and moral implications for management both as research and practice, arguing that ‘current attempts to translate the principles of evidence based management have overlooked the role of ethics and judgments (Sackett et al, 1996) in Morrell (2008). Morrell (2008) is of the opinion that not all those pushing for ‘evidence based’ approaches were in tune with each other as they used different variants to achieve their own purposes. However, they share the view about the relationship that management research has to management practice and the modes of research and forms of knowledge production that it promotes. Morrell (2008) argues that ideology has a part to play in evidence based management and the strands which he identified which can be traced are pragmatism, progress, systematization, technique and accumulation. Based on these, there is a commitment to positivism which means that our knowledge of the social world increases through experiment and that there should be a more scientific approach to the research of the social. This, according to (Hammersly, 2001) in Morrell (2008), is explicit in the goal of building an evidence base or knowledge stock which will give evidence about the social world. Consequent upon these, those who are in support of evidence based approaches state the intention of carrying out research to inform practice as according to (Young et al, 2002) in Morrell(2008), a common belief is that evidence is key to encouraging the adoption of practices by those who are entrusted with policy formulation or other players. The third argument propounded here is the commitment to and development of a common language with the adoption and redefinition of key terms, ‘through’, ‘objective’, ‘transparent’, ‘rigorous’, ‘systematic’ and ‘narrative’. Here, existing criticism has overlooked the lapses in evidence based literature, yet, making it too simple, restraint and regimentation will have both political and moral implications that can lead to liberty been curtailed, Morrell, (2008). From the arguments, it is clear that evidence based approach offers a fresh scope to analysis using an esthetic that highlights the political and moral implications of the approach to management. As opined by (McLaughlin 2001) in Morrell (2008), researchers aspire to a way of evaluating the quality of proven evidence. Morrell argues that the apparent lack of a common ground in management studies is a problem because consensus is needed if the study of management will grow. This is because even in medicine where there seems to be a certain level of agreement, ‘the adoption of promising practices is not governed by the principles of evidence, robust scientific evidence is not, of itself, sufficient to ensure diffusion Morrell (2008). The fourth and final article under review, ‘Dynamic Capabilities and Knowledge Management: an Integrative Role for Learning?, Eaerby-Smith and Prieto (2008), discusses the dynamic capabilities approach of strategic management (Eisenhardt and Martin, 2000; Teece, Pisano and Shuen, 1997) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008) which sets out to show why some organizations succeed more than others in building competitive advantage within changing markets. Here, the management of knowledge has been put forward as a primary strategic initiative and the most important factor that will guarantee a sustained competitive edge for companies (Grant, 1996) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008). While the dynamic capabilities school emphasizes the renewal of resources by reconfiguring them into new capabilities and competencies as posited by (Teece, Pisano and Shuen, 1997) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008), While the dynamic capabilities school emphasizes the renewal of resources by reconfiguring them into new capabilities and competencies as posited by (Teece, Pisano and Shuen, 1997) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008), according to (Cepeda and Vera, 2005) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008), knowledge management research often focuses on providing solutions to managers to create, retain transfer and use an enterprise’s explicit and tacit knowledge. This article under review relates to the debate in the sense it shares some views with the other authors. According to Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008), there are times when researchers, without been aware of it, use ideas and models drawn from other fields not knowing the discussions that have lead to the constructs coming to light, and this sometimes leads to a confusion of concepts between the fields. Again, because researchers may not know the potential limitations in the other field, they may build their research on quick sand. Furthermore, without proper information of the other field, researchers may loss opportunities to better develop their own fields. In relation to the other articles, the idea of knowledge management has become important due to the increased awareness of the importance of knowledge for a companies prosperity and survival, (Grant, 1996; Kogut and Zander, 1992) in Easterby-Smith and Prieto (2008). In this article, Lave and Wenger (1991), come up with the idea that knowledge is ‘situated’ in the practice of everyday work, while (Cook and Yanow, 1993; Nicolini and Meznar, 1995; Nicolini, Gherardi and Yanow, 2003) propound the idea that organizational knowledge is sustained through social processes within ‘communities of practice’. In the light of all that that has been reviewed, it can be deduced that even though the writers of these articles seek to find the right approach to solving the problems of organizational research, they go about it in different ways and have their own views. They however share similar ideas and even though there is no consensus. REFERENCES: Easterby-Smith, M., Prieto, I.M. (2008), Dynamic Capabilities and Knowledge Management: an Integrative Role for Learning? British Journal of Management, 19, pp235-249. Morrell, K. (2008), “The Narrative of ‘Evidence Based’ Management: A polemic”, Journal of Management Studies, vol.45 no.3, pp613-635. Pfeffer, J and Sutton, R, (2006), ‘Evidence based management’, Harvard Business Review, Jan, pp63-74. Saunders, M., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, E. (2007), ‘Research methods for Business Students’, London: Prentice Hall, pp4-9.

Practicum – Assessing Client Family Progress

Practicum – Assessing Client Family Progress. I’m studying and need help with a Health & Medical question to help me learn.

Practicum – Assessing Client Family Progress

Create progress notes
Create privileged notes
Justify the inclusion or exclusion of information in progress and privileged notes
Evaluate preceptor notes

To prepare:

Reflect on the client family you selected for the Week 3 Practicum Assignment.

The Assignment
Part 1: Progress Note
Using the client family from your Week 3 Practicum Assignment, address in a progress note (without violating HIPAA regulations) the following:

Treatment modality used and efficacy of approach
Progress and/or lack of progress toward the mutually agreed-upon client goals (reference the treatment plan for progress toward goals)
Modification(s) of the treatment plan that were made based on progress/lack of progress
Clinical impressions regarding diagnosis and or symptoms
Relevant psychosocial information or changes from original assessment (e.g., marriage, separation/divorce, new relationships, move to a new house/apartment, change of job)
Safety issues
Clinical emergencies/actions taken
Medications used by the patient, even if the nurse psychotherapist was not the one prescribing them
Treatment compliance/lack of compliance
Clinical consultations
Collaboration with other professionals (e.g., phone consultations with physicians, psychiatrists, marriage/family therapists)
The therapist’s recommendations, including whether the client agreed to the recommendations
Referrals made/reasons for making referrals
Termination/issues that are relevant to the termination process (e.g., client informed of loss of insurance or refusal of insurance company to pay for continued sessions)
Issues related to consent and/or informed consent for treatment
Information concerning child abuse and/or elder or dependent adult abuse, including documentation as to where the abuse was reported
Information reflecting the therapist’s exercise of clinical judgment

Note: Be sure to exclude any information that should not be found in a discoverable progress note.
Part 2: Privileged Note
Based on this week’s readings, prepare a privileged psychotherapy note that you would use to document your impressions of therapeutic progress/therapy sessions for your client family from the Week 3 Practicum Assignment.
In your progress note, address the following:

Include items that you would not typically include in a note as part of the clinical record.
Explain why the items you included in the privileged note would not be included in the client family’s progress note.
Explain whether your preceptor uses privileged notes. If so, describe the type of information he or she might include. If not, explain why.
Support with 4 or more evidenced based current literature.

Practicum – Assessing Client Family Progress

Wilmington University Creating Interventions I am Sam Movie Analysis Discussion

Wilmington University Creating Interventions I am Sam Movie Analysis Discussion.

Watch this video: Creating Interventions: I Am Sam (Links to an external site.)“I Am Sam” is a movie about a single-father who has the mental capacity of a 7 year old. He has a daughter by a homeless woman; who abandons them after giving birth. Sam is left to raise their daughter by himself.For this reaction paper, you being asked to view “I Am Sam” as a case study. Think about what interventions would be appropriate for this family. You will be viewing this case study from two different perspectives: as a home-based family preservation worker and as an administrator of an agency that offers home-based family preservation services.In your reaction paper, please respond to the following questions:Worker:Who are the characters involved in this case study? What is their role? (*You will need to create & include a family genogram) What do you view to be the crisis in this family, as presented by this case study?What are the strengths that you view are inherent in this family system?What are the weaknesses that you view are inherent in this family system?What network of support does this family have available to them?What goals would you set for this family?What hard and soft services (family preservation interventions) would you refer this family to?What safety planning and clinical skills interventions, if any, would you require for this family?Administrator:What are the hallmarks of home-based interventions?What characteristics would you look for in a home-based family preservation worker?What type of training do you believe is necessary for home-based family preservation workers?How would you evaluate the effectiveness of your agency’s family preservation services? What measures would you use?What are some current trends that you think may impact the effectiveness of family preservation services?Please make sure that your paper is written in the appropriate APA format, including specific references to the learning resources used in its preparation.Resources:Cultural Competence:Child Welfare Information Gateway – Cultural Competence (Links to an external site.)Conducting Culturally Competent Evaluations of Child Welfare Programs and Practices (Links to an external site.)Cultural Competence (Links to an external site.)Kinship Care:Is Kinship Care Good for Kids? (Links to an external site.)Supporting Kinship Care (Links to an external site.)Kinship Care: Supporting Those Who Raise Our Children (Links to an external site.)Children in Kinship Care Fact Sheet (Links to an external site.)Kinship Care Resource Kit (Links to an external site.)Highlights of Recent Kinship Care State Legislative Enactments
Wilmington University Creating Interventions I am Sam Movie Analysis Discussion