Government & Governance Reading: Plumptre & Graham (Read pp.1-5 and Annex 3 p. 21, Annex 4 p.22, Annex 5 p.23 & Annex 6 pp. 24-25).As you read consider the following: From the reading how would you define good governance? Why is it important distinguish between government and governance? Does the concept of good governance discussed by Plumptre and Graham align with what you might anticipated Alfred would suggest?Reading Response Question/s GuideIt is an expectation that students complete the readings and answer the assigned question/s. Responses to the questions will be assessed on completion, thoroughness and relevance to the reading. While the length of the response may very slightly the guide in general will be one-page max. The general rule is a typical page which has 1-inch margins and is typed in 12-point font with standard spacing elements will be approximately 500 words when typed single spaced (Quality over quantity). When considering proper writing style your work will have an introduction, main body and a conclusion. Please use APA format and cite referenced information. Also cite your sources you use for your work. Please respect the due dates for each assignment. Work not submitted on time will not be evaluated and a mark of 0 will be recorded.
MSVU Introduction to Indigenous Governance Discussion
Multi genre sports literature final paper
Multi genre sports literature final paper. Paper details Form: Your final paper must include: A preface to tell your readers what genres you are including and why An introduction to your person At least four different genres from different categories. (See list on following page) A conclusion that ties your paper together The four genres will be created and sent to me electronically OR through snail mail to my home as a final project. You MUST pick one genre from each of the four different categories below, which represent varying types of writing. Do not simply cut and paste four genres and call it a paper. Use your own professional discretion as to the margins in each genre. As you will see from the following list, not all genres will be completely non-fictional. You are free to merge the non-fictional research you with fictional context like in Remember the Titans. Just remember that this project is sport-related in nature. In other words, each of your choices must have a sport-related theme or context. For example, if you choose a Letter to the Editor, have it be something related to a current sport problem or issue. use these 4 genres, Newspaper article, poster for any sporting event, plays of the week, sports interview.Multi genre sports literature final paper
Aiding Elderly Independent Living with Wearable Technology
assignment helper Abstract The healthcare sector is on track towards a much more preventative and personalized medicine. With the rising population of people over 60, the elderly to care taker ratio is changing drastically. Therefore, we need alternative methods in taking care of the elderly or methods to help the elderly live independently. This paper will discuss how wearable technology can be implemented into monitoring and diagnosing illnesses and how the future of wearable technology can aid the aged in living alone. Background on wearable technology Wearable Technology is a blanket term that is used to define electronics that can be worn on the body, either as an accessory or as a part of clothing material. Wearable technology is split into two divisions which are wearable electronics and wearable computers. Wearable electronics are constructed to fulfil one or more needs of a specific target while a wearable computer can perform several tasks and has both input and output. (McCann and Bryson, 2009) The first wearable computer was created in the 1960’s by a maths professor named Edward Thorpe in his book “beat the Dealer”. He revealed that he had built a computer small enough to fit in his shoe in order to cheat at roulette. A timing device helped predict the where the ball would land on the roulette table, giving him a 44% edge von the game. Wearable technology became commercial in 1996 when Xybernaut 13 launched the ‘Mobile Assistant’, which could be made with personalised programs and user interface for mechanics and technicians in both the military and commercial sectors, as well as for people working in healthcare. Although there were many complaints about the bulkiness of the product and its battery issues, it was clear that Xybernaut was a commercial breakthrough. The Polar ® heart rate monitor – a wrist watch unit and a sensor belt around the chest – has been around since 1982 18 and nobody really interpreted it as a ‘wearable’. Still, it has some quite wearable characteristics: it is body-worn, monitors the user and is even relatively unobtrusive in use. . (McCann and Bryson,2009) Now we have more commercialised wearable technology that performs different tasks e.g. the fitness band which help track activities, heartbeat rates and how many calories burnt. We also have Google glasses which is based on augmented realit 1996 Xybernaut Mobile Assistant Polar heart rate monitor Google glasses 2018 Current Use of Wearables in Care Diagnostic and Health Monitoring There are many instances where smart clothing/ wearable technology is used within health monitoring for instance, the use of GPS technologies for monitoring clients in nursing homes described by Parnes in 2003. There is a research paper from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, that describes a real time health monitoring system was designed which incorporates wearable technology (Lejiang, Bingwen and Xiaoli, 2009). The system is split into 3 parts: Physiological parameters collected by the wearable medical sensors and relative techniques Data sending, transmitting and receiving platform Providing medical services to remote monitoring centre. The wearable system resembles a small screen which reads and displays the wearers variation in temperature, heartbeat, carbon dioxide/carbon monoxide inhale and exhale etc. With all the monitoring sensors, the following physiological parameters can be obtained: Basic physiological parameters: heart rate, respiratory rate, tidal volume, chest breathing, abdominal breathing, posture, body movement, body temperature, etc. Derived parameters: heart rate variability (HRV), respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), minute ventilation, fractional aspiratory time, peak aspiratory airflow, chest breathing capacity, abdominal breathing capacity, abdominal breathing ratio, abdominal motor coordination, etc. The data is then transmitted through GPRS wireless communications and Internet technology. The system sends GPRS message format to remote monitoring centre by real-time data transmission platform. With the wireless transfer of information, it would be easier to have constant monitoring especially on the elderly. If this system was well applied, older citizens could now live alone while being continually monitored. Elderly that Suffer from Dementia Dementia is a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes and impaired reasoning. The biggest risk for dementia is age. Meaning that the older one gets, the more likely it is for someone to develop the condition. There is a research paper from the 2016 International Conference on Interactive Technologies and Games that contains well detailed explanation of how wearable technology could be integrated into the treating and daily upkeep for the elderly which suffer from dementia. The paper describes how the IoT (internet of things) provides connectivity and intelligence to convert small devices into smart objects which allow integration and transfer of enriched data from embedded sensors and wearables to facilitate disabled people with assistance and support that they need to achieve a good quality of life and independent living. (Mohamedali and Matoorian, 2016) In the paper, it was explained that the existing device sensors, and data processors require a real time middleware system for wearable and embedded devices. Middleware is software which lies between an operating system and the applications running on it. (Azure.microsoft.com, 2019) The current standards for middleware require real time processing of data from wearable devices with built-in real time pattern recognition and analysis. The Wearable-Middleware is equipped with the two-way data binding will bring the power of the middleware into the devices. Wearable sensors would also help monitor the health of dementia patients. The use of assistive technology for supporting dementia patients not only eases their everyday life but can also increase their personal safety by triggering automatic alarms in case of a deteriorating health status. For those living alone, particularly the elderly, there is often a fear of having an accident and being unable to call for help. Incorporating this technology will reduce this risk. Future of Wearables in Care Augmented Reality Glasses for Independence Augmented reality glasses provide virtual images, animation, videos or informational content to users who wear them, allowing them to add virtual elements to the physical world they can see through the glasses. This is an emerging technology that aims to transform the world as users see it depending on what they’re looking at. (Techopedia.com, 2019) According to Global Smart Augmented Reality Glasses Industry 2015 Market Research Report, augmented reality market is expected to reach $ 660 million by 2018. With the growing market in augmented reality, I believe it will be a good idea to implement it in the independency of the aged. This could be useful in many ways for example: Zoom and enhance images / signs This would aid in seeing bus times, signs etc. leading to easier travel and sovereign movement. Memory and storage for people with dementia Due to the fact that people with dementia suffer from poor memory, having glasses that store information about streets, people, shops and can be accessed on the spot will really be helpful for their condition. Lightweight and Flexible The glasses would be light weight and not too irritating to the user. This would be very useful because the user can get more accustomed to them and it would be easier convincing the aged to use them. Smart Shirt for Diagnosing The US Navy funded a research at Georgia Tech university which led to the realisation of a wearable motherboard called the ‘Smart Shirt’. It was designed to use optical fibres to detect bullet wounds and have special sensors that read the wearers vital signs during combat (PARK and JAYARAMAN, 2003). The architecture of the smart shirt includes a comfort-based fabric which is made from typical textile fibres where the intended application determines the choice of fibres. An advanced interconnection technology is then used to create a wearable and flexible framework to plug in sensors to monitor several vital signs including body temperature, respiration rate, heart rate and pulse oximetry. In addition, by plugging in a microphone into the Smart Shirt, voice can be recorded. If they were to be met adequately, the smart shirt could go commercial and aid in tracking the vitals of the aged. With this, they will no longer need a care taker because the information would be sent directly to the hospital. In case of any emergency an alert should arise. Conclusion In conclusion, I believe that the wearable technology industry is increasing rapidly, and newer ideas to make life easier are approaching. With the present-day wearable monitors and sensors, we have been able to make life a bit easier for the dependent age but there is always more we can do. So, with new technology such as the smart shirt we can facilitate independence in the elderly. References Azure.microsoft.com. (2019). Middleware – Definition and Examples | Microsoft Azure. [online] Available at: https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/overview/what-is-middleware/ [Accessed 22 Apr. 2019]. Lejiang, G., Bingwen, W. and Xiaoli, P. (2009). The real-time wireless infrastructure for family medical care base on wearable technology. [ebook] International Conference on Future BioMedical Information Engineering, pp.343-344. Available at: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=
Awareness Of Anti Smoking Campaigns Health Essay
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Smoking, a practice where in substance, more usually tobacco or cannabis is burned, causes the release of active substances such as Nicotine. Smoking is primarily practiced as an administration route for recreational drug use (Royal College of Physicians, 2012). It has been estimated that, every year in the United Kingdom, around 250,000 young people start smoking on a regular manner. Of these, around 70% of them start before the age of 18 and 86% by the age of 19 years and more. The portion of children who have never smoked continued to decline in a rapid manner. Similar to the previous years, females are more likely than males to have ever smoked. The incidence of regular day to day smoking was found to increase with age from a less than 0.5% of 11 year olds to 13% of 17-year olds (HM Government, 2010). Long-term and Short-term consequences of Smoking Amongst the young individuals, the short-term health implications of smoking involve respiratory and non-respiratory effects, nicotine addiction and the related risk of other drug use. The long term consequences of youth smoking on the other side are strengthened by the fact that most of the young adolescents who smoke at a regular basis persist to smoke all through their adult stage. In young adults, smoking causes cardiovascular complications and stroke. Research studies have even indicated that smoking hurts the physical fitness of young individuals and influence their performance and endurance. Smoking at a very early age, enhances the risk of lung cancer. For many types of smoking related cancers, the risk enhances as the young individuals continue to smoke. Teenage smokers experience shortness of breath at a rate three times as often as non-smokers and produce rheum more than twice (Action on Smoking and Health, 2012). Rates of Incidence and Prevalence Young individuals, who persist at the University and played truant from school possessed twice the odds of becoming regular smokers. Whilst the excluded individuals from school at least once were around three times more likely to expose towards regular smoking in comparison to those who had never been excluded. Research studies indicated that, the younger the age of smoking uptake, the higher the harm is likely to be. This is because the early uptake is linked with the increased levels of dependency, lowered chance of quitting, heavier smoking and mortality (HM Government, 2010). Anti-Smoking Campaigns Research studies suggest that knowledge on smoking is a most crucial component of various campaigns focused towards anti-smoking. Though, these campaigns by themselves don’t influence smoking rates, they still result in the postponement of initiation (Royal College of Physicians, 2012). High prices can prevent young individuals from smoking, as young individuals do not contain much disposable income. Studies even suggest that young individuals are three to four times more price sensitive than adults. Whilst the price does not seem to influence initial smoking experimentation, it is still an important tool in minimizing youth smoking once the habit becomes well-established. The National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) have offered guidelines on various school-based strategies. All of these guidelines were effective in preventing the uptake of smoking amongst young adults and children (HM Government, 2010). On 31st March 2012, the Department of Health launched a “NHS Smoke Free Campaign” reminding about the deleterious consequences of second hand smoke to young individuals and families. The campaign supports smokers in buying a free Smoke-Free kit either through testing or from the website. The kit offers extra information about the harms of secondhand smoke together with some of the tools to assist them on quitting. Action on Smoking and Health (ASH) established in 1967, had won its campaign for legislation in 2006. The ASH campaign strives to prejudice policy on a wide variety of issues such as smuggling, taxation, health inequalities, and reduction of harm, smoking and other drug abuse complications in young individuals. ASH co-ordinates the coalition of Smoke-free Action and introduced various supporting and encouraging measures. ASH campaign is completely funded by tax deductible contributions from concerned individuals associated to smoking and protecting of smoker rights. The campaign is preparing for its next phase in the fight against tobacco, nicotine. In addition, the campaign is highly focused on including new programmes, strategies and an updated website by August 2012 (Action on Smoking and Children, 2012). “Quit: Saves Life”, is another smoking prevention campaign developed by QUIT (a charity organisation of the United Kingdom). This campaign aim at significantly reducing unnecessary suffering and death from the smoking related diseases. The prime mission of the campaign is to create a smoke free UK in future. Besides, the campaign offers practical help, advice and support through trained counselors for all smokers who want to quit. Together, the QUIT organisation saves lives through prevention of cancer development, heart disease and other illnesses from the utilization of tobacco. In the light of preventing smoking amongst young adults, this research study focuses at investigating the incidence of smoking in Roehampton students. Besides, the study also aims at exploring the level of awareness amongst student about various anti-smoking campaigns developed in the United Kingdom. METHODOLOGY FOR DATA COLLECTION The views and perceptions of chosen sample population (Roehampton students) with reference to the incidence of smoking and awareness on anti-smoking campaigns were explored using qualitative research methodologies, more specifically Questionnaires. Various data collection sources are utilised extensively within the ethical limits to portray the research rationale which is “Incidence of Smoking against Roehampton Student and their awareness of Anti-Smoking Campaigns”. Among the different types of qualitative methodologies, the use of semi-structured questionnaires assisted in attaining effective results. Questionnaire of self-design format will be used. However, it does comply relevance published and validated reference. A well-organised questionnaire containing open and closed ended questions was used and it provided deeper illustrations than is actually possible with the structured type. Since the research study encompassed consideration of anti-smoking campaigns, (over traditional type), the choice of questionnaires is the finest method of choice. From the illustrations presented in the introduction, it can be understood that, the campaigns of anti-smoking help in obtaining effective implications (Dornyei and Taguchi, 2010). The application of questionnaire methodology helps in exploring numerous intangible parameters and considering the critical findings of conceptual facts pertaining to the smoking amongst young adults (Schuman and Presser, 1996). Questionnaires, in the form of a qualitative research instrument contained various sharply constrained questions that focused the influential factors on smoking and its related campaigns (Presser, 2004). Its practicability of reaching a broad range of reviewers, capability to allow effective and most efficient assessment of the results were the key reasons underlying the choice of this method. The survey questionnaire used in the present research project to explore the incidence of smoking rates and awareness on anti-smoking campaigns, included questions on the competence, complications and long term consequences of smoking (Beiske, 2007). In addition, the procedural litheness of exercising through telephone, electronic mail, face to face conversation or any form of source allowed its choice for carrying out numerous ranges of research studies (Schuman and Presser, 1979). Keeping in mind, the availability of time and resources to the selected participants, the use of this methodology can be determined as one among the paramount and expedient forms of data collection in assessing the awareness on anti-smoking campaigns and incidence of smoking rates in young adults (Schuman and Presser, 1979). The two types of questions, open and closed ended questions will allow the participants in expressing their own opinions, suggestions and views about the topic (Foddy, 1993). Uses of these questions offer the possibility of investigating the spontaneous and quick responses offered by the participants (Schuman and Presser, 1979). Open and closed ended questions act as powerful communication tools in gathering information about the smoking and its complications in young adults. In addition, these questions solicited additional information on from the respondent (Foddy, 1993). ETHICAL APPROVAL As the present research work does involve the primary observations with the young individuals and students of Roehampton University, obtaining ethical consideration is relatively complex and needs approval from the research coordinator as well to carry out secondary research analysis. However, while analysing the observations, the required ethical guidelines will be followed to ensure about their adherence to appropriate ethical standards. All the participants involved in the study reside locally within the United Kingdom and may be offered with the study information sheets detailing the process of research (Beiske, 2007). To reduce the potential risk of exploitation and coercion, the participants will be explained that refusal to involve in the study could in no way jeopardise their reputation and position in an organisation (Peterson, 2000). Each interview will be commenced with a specific discussion on the topics of confidentiality and anonymity (Foddy, 1993). The ethical consent form is filled in duly and submitted to the supervisor for the approval, after which the work is commenced based on the framed research proposal. All the participants involved in the study will be completely informed about the guidelines, rationale and methodological implications. The participants were made clear that anything recorded in the interview and obtained through the questionnaire will be placed confidential from any sort of third party members except the study team individuals. Participants, who were to be included in the interviews will be informed with a provision that they do not possess any specific obligation and are free to stop the interview at any time or refuse responding to any question (Schuman and Presser, 1997). Following the end of the interview process, the participants were asked as whether they are happy with the study and if so, to sign the form of consent, which designed part of ethical requirements (Peterson, 2000). Subsequent to the each participant’s interview and collection of questionnaires, the tapes and documents were offered with a code number prior to handling them to the transcribers. Initials were utilised in the transcripts and questionnaire documents where ever possible and the other recognisable details were included (Payne, 1980). DATA ANALYSIS Descriptive and Statistical methodologies were used to analyse the findings obtained through interviews and questionnaires. Based on the type of questions, illustrations were framed and the responses obtained were explored to develop reliable conclusions. The data obtained from hundred smokers and non-smokers will be compared through mean, standard deviation and chi-square tests. Use of these data analytical processes will help in yielding an unbiased result that can be generalised to certain larger smoker and non-smoker population. Application of principles concerning to these methods assist in verifying, which of the relevant hypotheses are true. Utilising the principles pertaining to quantitative data analytical research approaches effectively aid in exploring the relevant implications on anti-smoking campaigns. The underlying ideology of quantitative data collection and analytical research tools, allow in developing a smooth and well-defined introduction, conclusion and other useful illustrations with the use of an assistant moderator. As the use of principles of quantitative research supports the critical exploration of conceptual facts and a deeper analysis of the impact of behaviour, the use of descriptive statistical measurements appear to be as a best choice (Somekh and Lewin, 2005). CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Minimising smoking rates amongst young adults can be considered as a complex task and it appears to be intimidating particularly for children owing to their perceptions, separation effects, stressful experiences and various other reasons. Assisting them to enter in a new environment involves procuring adequate knowledge on current social and legal practices, placement conditions and underlying factors affecting smoking prevention. Besides these, the illustrations depicted within the actual research review span over a considerable period of time. Various policies and practices need to be developed and changes that prevailed in the profile of young smokers must also not be disregarded. The steps necessary for the prevention of smoking in should be examined and the recommendations associated to the concept must be implemented accordingly. TIME PLAN The research work is intended to take place across a given extent of time and for the knowledge of the researcher and idea of concerned supervisor, it is essential that a time plan is designed which gives details about stages of work. The following figure represents a Gantt chart representing tasks week by week. WEEKS ACTIVITIES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Framing a research proposal Obtaining ethical approval Literature search and reviewing of selected literature Analysis of selected Literature Summarizing results
Financial Stress Social Supports Gender and Anxiety During College Discussion
Financial Stress Social Supports Gender and Anxiety During College Discussion.
For the past few weeks you have been reading and talking about the mechanics and manifestations of stress. Now it is time to practice putting a bit of what you have been learning into action. For this first Learning Activity (LA1) you will need your textbook, your workbook (found on the Navigate site), and 2 or 3 scholarly sources of information (journals, professionally vetted internet material, or other scholarly publications). What we are doing: You are going to choose and use three (3) worksheets in your workbook to first, identify some of your personal stressors, and second, evaluate how well you think these worksheets work for you. Notice how this assignment ties into your PSMJ2? Consider how you might use this assignment to raise your personal awareness about the stressor you have picked to focus on for PSMJ2. Why we are doing this activity: As you may have read in your textbook, we are not always aware that we are stressed or how that stress is manifesting itself. Part of the purpose of this activity is for you to start learning more about yourself and what you can do to better care for you. The second purpose of the activity is for you to start practicing skills to critically assess resources for yourself. Instructions: You will be writing a short, formal paper (500 words or more) which will include the following: 1. Choose and complete three workbook exercises from chapters 1-8 in your workbook. Be sure to include all of the following information about the workbook exercises in your paper: the title, page number, purpose, and the (abbreviated) results for each exercise. Remember — the workbook is a source and so is your textbook! You will need to cite and reference in APA these appropriately. Respond to the following prompts for each workbook exercise:a) why did you choose to complete this exercise?b) what you hoped to find out by completing this exercise?c) Did the results provide you with information/insight/understanding you expected?Describe what your feelings were as you worked through each of the exercises. Discuss your reactions to the results. Combine your experience/reactions to the exercises and respond to the following prompts: What were the benefits your gained from the exercises? If there were’t benefits — than talk about this.will you or will not put the results into action? and why/why not?How will you apply the results of these exercises to your personal stress management? For the conclusion, I want you to look for 2-3 scholarly references which relate to the stressors you want to mange (for example — if you are looking at time-management — find articles related to this topic) and talk about how you can merge what you learned from the completing the worksheets with what you learn from the articles. Consider how intra-personal work — learning about self through these worksheets — can be supported by reading formal work and research done by others. How does putting these to sources of information together further your personal work to manage your stress more healthfully?
Financial Stress Social Supports Gender and Anxiety During College Discussion
Essay Writing at Online Custom Essay
Review This Service