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Most Significant Amendments to the Constitution Essay

Table of Contents Ten important amendments Abolition Slavery and Granting Women a Right to Vote Conclusion References Ten important amendments It is considered that the first ten amendments are the most important for the US Constitution (Anastaplo 1995). I suppose that ‘Freedoms’ constitute the vital part of law which protects citizens and the state from unfair and discriminative practices. These rights are: “Freedom of Religion; Freedom of Press, Freedom of Speech; Freedom of Assembly; Separation of Church and State” (Anastaplo 1995, p. 47). At the end of the 19th century, there was very little opportunity at the Constitutional Convention for Madison to support a bill of rights of the conventional sort. The Convention’s charge was to enlarge, not to restrict, the powers of the federal government. In order to conform with American public opinion favoring he most important rights of all, Madison proposed to insert in Article 1, Section 9, a long list of further exceptions to the power of the federal government. These amendments were very important because Americans inherited the common law as a legacy to be used selectively, if at all. The Revolution freed Americans to make their own distinctive political culture, one consistent with their unique history and republican ideals. A firm belief that American’s time had come and it had been given the opportunity to regenerate the political world infused Madison’s conception of the separation of religion and politics. The secular sword and religious faith ought always to be kept separate so that each realm might flourish to the benefit of humanity (Anastaplo 1995). Abolition Slavery and Granting Women a Right to Vote Another important amendment was an abolition of slavery. According to the US Constitution, slavery was abolished under the 13 Amendment (December 18, 1865) which states that: ”Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction” (Anastaplo 1995, p. 168). This amendment opened new opportunities for citizens and the state to create a democratic government and stable political system. Before this amendment, the “real difference of interests” lay not between the small and large states but between the northern and southern states, which were divided over slavery and its consequences. Another important amendment (19th Amendment) granted women a right to vote. This amendment came into force in 1920, and states that “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex” ” (Anastaplo 1995, p. 190). Throughout American history women fought for freedom and equal rights with men. They expressed ideology held by most women around the world as they knew their sacrifices would be acknowledged and valued by future generations. Taking into account its significance, meaning, and impact on further generations of women, it is possible to say that it was the most important wave in American feminism movement because during this period of time women were recognized as a strong political force equal to men. The right to vote was constitutionally approved. Conclusion The 1, 13 and 19 Amendments were the most important for the American people because they could be compared with a “revolution” that changed the perception of the world and the role of American citizens in society and their relations with the state. These amendments opened great opportunities for different social classes in all spheres of social and political life. Today, individual freedom of Americans means much more than the absence of physical coercion but an equal social status and freedom. These amendments have changed the life and destiny of all American people and the political direction of domestic and foreign policy. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More References Anastaplo, G. (1995). The Amendments to the Constitution: A Commentary. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
BPA 421 UOP Week 4 Importance of Improving Communication Discussion.

Scenario:The McGregor Company has been in business for more than 20 years. It is a fortune 500 company that puts most of its investments in overseas markets. Over the past two months the company has lost more than 250,000 shares of stock due to these investments. The president of the company met with the department directors to explain a plan to reduce further loss. He has determined that a restructuring of the company is vital to offset further loss in stock. The reorganization will be taking place over the next two weeks. The supervisor in your department met with all employees to explain the president’s decision to undergo major restructuring, reorganization, and the layoff of 500 employees to recapture the money lost through overseas investments. You and several of your coworkers feel that these changes cause undue anxiety because they were not sufficiently communicated to the workforce by leadership so as to allow employees time to find a new job. Create a 1,050- to 1,400-word document that you would attach to an email to the director of your organization where you outline your thoughts on the importance of improving communication within the organization. Your document should:Explain the current means of communication and improvements you feel need improving.Outline some of the barriers that exist between employees that have created unethical issues in the decision-making process.Discuss risks that may have contributed to unethical decisions in your department.Describe the decision-making style of the supervisor.Explain how the decision-making style of the supervisor impacted how the employees felt and caused their anxiety.Apply the ethical principles, policies, and responsibilities of individuals in your department to improve communication.Submit your assignment.
BPA 421 UOP Week 4 Importance of Improving Communication Discussion

I will provide the file with the instructions and materials. Please make sure: Consulting other relevant materials may also. I will provide the file with the instructions and materials. Please make sure: Consulting other relevant materials may also improve the quality of your work and by extension your grades! Make sure to proofread carefully. Grammar and spelling errors will impact the grading. I expect your discussion question responses to be rigorous reflecting critical thinking and supported with appropriate data and evidence. Whenever possible, please try to relate the course content to real-world applications from your work experience. (Since the writer doesn’t know my work experience, give an example) I will provide a pdf file of the article, book and I will provide a sample of the case analysis so can guide yourself. Please if you use any other source DO NOT plagiarized, use citation. Use your own words DO NOT copy-paste from the Internet.I will provide the file with the instructions and materials. Please make sure: Consulting other relevant materials may also
Abstract– Now day’s applications should be require various types of images and pictures as sources of information for interpretation and analysis. Whenever an image is changed from one to another form such as, digitizing, scanning, transmitting and storing, some of the degradation always occurs at the output end. Hence, the output image has to go in a process called image enhancement which consists of a collection of techniques that need to improve the quality of an image. Image enhancement is basically improving image and its interpretation and perception of the information in digital images and providing good input for different other automated image processing techniques. The fuzzy set theory is always uncertainties (like it comes from the information available from situation such as darkness may result from incomplete, imprecise, and not fully reliable). The fuzzy logic gives a mathematical model for the representation and processing of good knowledge. The concept is depends upon if-then rules in approximation of the variables likes threshold point. Also the Uncertainties within image processing tasks often due to vagueness and ambiguity. A fuzzy technique works as to manage these problems effectively. IndexTerms– Fuzzy Logic, Image Processing, Image Enhancement, Image Fuzzification, Image Defuzzification Whenever an image is changed from one to another form such as, digitizing, scanning, transmitting and storing, some degradation is always occurs at the output stage. Hence, the output image has to go in a process called image enhancement. Image enhancement consists of a collection of techniques that need to improve the overall quality of an image. Fuzzy image processing is the approaches that understand, represent and process the images and their pixels with its values as fuzzy sets. The representation and processing is depending upon the selected fuzzy techniques and the problem to be solved. The idea of fuzzy sets is very simple and natural. For instance, if someone want to define a set of gray levels, one has to define a threshold for gray level from 0 to 100. Here 0 to 100 are element of this fuzzy set; the others do not belong to that set. The basis logic behind fuzzy technique is the basis for human communication. This observation depends upon many of the other statements about fuzzy logic. As fuzzy logic is built on the logics of qualitative description used in everyday language, fuzzy logic is very easy to use. A filtering system needs to be capable of reasoning with values and uncertain information; this suggests the use of fuzzy logic. II. FUZZY IMAGE PROCESSING — OVERVIEW Fuzzy image processing techniques is not unique theory. It is a collection of different fuzzy approaches to image processing techniques. The following definition is to be regarded to determine the boundaries of fuzzy digital image processing: Fuzzy image processing is the approaches that understand, represent and process the digital images and their segments and also features as fuzzy sets. The representation of it and processing is always depending on the selected fuzzy techniques and on the problem which need to be solved [9]. Below a list of general observations is defined about fuzzy logic: Fuzzy logic is conceptually very easy to understand. The mathematical concepts behind fuzzy logic reasoning are simple. Fuzzy logic is important approach without the far-reaching complexity. Fuzzy logic is flexible. Everything is indefinite if you look closely enough, but more than that, most things are indefinite. Fuzzy reasoning prepared this understanding into the process rather than just theory. Fuzzy logic can model the nonlinear functions of mathematically complexity. One can create a fuzzy logic system to compare any sets of input and output data. This process is very easy by some of the adaptive techniques such as Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems, which is already available in Fuzzy Logic Toolbox. Fuzzy logic can be design on the top of experience of experts. In case of neural networks, it must need training data and generate the outputs. But fuzzy logic will explain you about the experience of people who already understand the whole systems. Fuzzy logic can be mixed with any conventional control techniques. Fuzzy systems don’t replace conventional control methods necessarily. Sometimes fuzzy systems increase them and simplify its implementation. Fuzzy logic is based on natural language communications. The basis for fuzzy logic is the basis for human communication and this observation explain many of the other statements about fuzzy logic as well. Actually Fuzzy logic is built on the structures of quality description used in everyday languages used for communications. Fuzzy logic is very easy to use. Natural language, which people used on a daily basis, has been comes by thousands of years of human history to be efficient. Sentences that are written in ordinary language always represent a triumph of efficient communication [3]. Fuzzy image processing has three stages: 1) Image Fuzzification 2) Modification of membership values 3) Image Defuzzification. Figure 1. Basic Fuzzy Image processing [5] The fuzzification and defuzzification steps are that in which we do not own fuzzy hardware. So, the coding of image data often called as fuzzification and decoding of the results called as defuzzification are the steps to process images with fuzzy techniques. The main thing of fuzzy image processing is in the intermediate stage that is modification of membership values (See Figure 1). After the image data are transformed from grey-level to the membership plane that is known as fuzzification is appropriate fuzzy techniques which modify the membership values which can be a fuzzy clustering and a fuzzy rule based approach and also it can be a fuzzy integration approach. The Fuzzy set theory Fuzzy set theory is the extension of crisp set theory. It works on the concept of partial truth (between 0

Complete Activity Planning Form

Complete Activity Planning Form.

For this assignment you will complete the Activity Planning Form .Type in your answer. The activity Plan pertains to a Preschool teacher who teaches children ages 3-5. The teacher will read a book, a song , Activity Connect the dots worksheet , and snack for the children ,and must provide a detail step by step of the plan book, song , Activity Connect the dots,and snack for the children There will only be 1 teacher doing this exercise with the children .Title of activity/Name of snack Activity: Activity Learning to Count by Connecting the Dots 1 Through 22: Drawing an Apple worksheet ,Name of Snack Apple Sauce.You will need to include information on the book, a song , Activity Connect the dots worksheet , and snack for the children. Needs to be completed in order . Below is the information on the book, song , Activity Connect the dots snack for the children, and snack recipe . Should include in text citations apa style from the book, my plate no other outside references. attached is a blank Activity planning form that needs to be completed. Please complete the whole activity planning form.Lesson Plan: Follow the format below Title/Name of snackGoal(s) for serving this snack: To ____Objective(s): By __Book readSupplies:o- need to have full sentences and detailsNutritional Value to children– must connect to your choices, explain your choices and cite in APAEducational Value to children– must explain the developmental domains and importance of your connect the dot apple worksheet activity, book and snack, explain your choices- should cite in APALearning activities – Preparation and presentation (to children) process: Adults’ role and Children’s role (who is doing what)Step by Step Plan (Procedure): This is how the individual will conduct the presentation- must be detailed- (need to include order or presentation, specific questions, specific tasks that will be done- paint me a picture in how the project will be completed)oBeginning: IntroductionoMiddle:oEnd (Transition):Evaluation: (This part could be hypothetical. I want you to have experience writing evaluation of your planned activity¦ what works, what may not work, did you meet your goals and objectives, why or why not? etc.)Below is the information on the snack, activity, songThe Activities will be the following :1.Read Book Ten Apples On Top By Dr Seuss.2.Song Way Up High In The Apple Tree Song by The Learning Station.3.Snack – Apple Sauce4.Learning to Count by Connecting the Dots 1 Through 22: Drawing an AppleThe ingredients for the snack apple sauce4 Medium Granny Smith Apples2 Tbs Brown Sugar1⁄2 Cup Water1⁄2 Tsp Ground Cinnamon1 1⁄2 Tbs Lemon Juice1/8 Tsp SaltMaterials needed1.For the snack you need the listed ingredients for applesauce2.For the Book just need the Book ten apples on top by dr seuss3.For the song need a computer, phone with speakers to pay the song4.For the Activity need a worksheet and a pencil
Complete Activity Planning Form

NMC Healthcare Company’s Analysis and Strategy Case Study

term paper help Mission and Vision The stated mission of NMC Healthcare is “to provide advanced healthcare services to people from all sections of society.” As part of its commitment to this goal, NMC seeks to uphold ethical medical practice and prevent malpractice to ensure the high quality of service provided to all customers. Moreover, the company is concerned with providing personalised care and maintaining a service environment characterised by compassion, care and friendliness. This means that accessibility, ethics, quality, and patient-centred care are the four primary qualities integral to NMC’s mission. The company’s vision represents the primary goal that NMC seeks to achieve, which is “to be the trusted healthcare provider across the globe, driven by excellence in innovation, quality, teamwork, advanced technologies, patient safety and customised care offerings”. To act in compliance with its vision, NMC needs to tailor its strategy to the customers’ needs and the organisation’s needs. The company has already made some steps to fulfil its mission and vision as part of its strategic activities. For example, NMC Healthcare has made significant progress in expanding globally by opening new chains of clinics in many locations in Europe, the Middle East and South America. In most cases, geographic expansion was made possible through specialised services, such as maternity, fertility, and long-term care. Marketing Mix Strategy Product NMC provides acute, primary, and long-term care services, which are its primary products. In line with the company’s strategy, the range of services provided is wide in most geographical areas of its operation. The wide variety of specialities and services available is part of NMC’s value proposition to its customers. However, in some locations, services are restricted to certain specialities, such as fertility treatment and long-term care. These locations include the United Kingdom and Latin America, which were targeted as part of NMC’s global expansion efforts. Price Because the accessibility of healthcare services is a significant component of the organisation’s mission, affordable prices are crucial to NMC’s marketing mix. This helps to attract individual clients, thus raising the popularity of NMC’s services among local residents. Moreover, NMC’s clinics and hospitals have become popular among international medical tourists due to their high quality-price ratio. The competitive price structure is also favourable for corporate partnerships with insurers, which are among NMC’s key lines of business. Place NMC was founded in Abu Dhabi, which remains the location of its headquarters to this day. Soon after the company proved to be profitable, other branches in Abu Dhabi and the UAE were opened. In line with global expansion efforts, NMC also targeted other Gulf countries, including Oman and Saudi Arabia, and Europe and Latin America. The company has branches in various locations, including Spain, Slovakia, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Nigeria and some other countries. The wide geographical reach of NMC’s services enables the company to grow further and fulfil its mission to become a globally recognised healthcare service provider. Promotion NMC utilises a comprehensive approach to promotion and follows current trends in marketing to attract diverse customers. Traditional methods of advertising, such as television and poster ads, are actively used by the company. Additionally, NMC has engaged in several digital marketing campaigns, which involved Google Search ads and social media advertising. An important part of the company’s marketing plan is the collaboration with insurance providers since patients who obtained NMC’s services through their insurance can recommend them to friends and family members. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Segmentation, Targeting and Positioning Model Segmentation To identify the markets for its services, the company relies on geographic and demographic segmentation. Entrance into new markets is achieved primarily through means of geographical expansion because most people are likely to want to obtain healthcare services from local providers instead of travelling to a different city or country. In addition, the company relies heavily on demographic segmentation and aims to ensure that its clients are diverse in terms of age, nationality, and income. NMC analyses the demographic characteristics of local people and aims to reflect them in its patient base. Targeting NMC follows a differentiated marketing strategy, which means that it targets large groups of potential customers within the market. Despite the affordability of NMC’s services, the primary targeted market involves people with a medium income level. They are likely to spend more on healthcare services than those from low socioeconomic backgrounds. Nationality-based target markets are also evident in NMC’s strategy. For example, for some years after the founding of NMC, it was largely recognised as an Indian healthcare provider. To attract Western ex-pats living in the UAE, as well as UAE nationals, the company utilised experiential marketing and quality improvement. To this day, NMC aims for diversity in its patient base, which requires targeting specific, nationality-based markets. Positioning NMC’s positioning is that of a moderate-quality, low-price healthcare provider. While the company is unable to provide the same level of experience quality as luxury private healthcare provided, it seeks to monitor the quality of its operations and services close by relying on patient appraisals and internal audits. The prices are on the lower end of the spectrum, which proves to be a competitive advantage supporting NMC’s in the market populated by other private healthcare providers. Figure 1 presents NMC’s positioning on the quality-price spectrum. STEEP Analysis Socio-Cultural Forces The socio-cultural environment in which NMC operates is characterised by two main factors. First, there is a high availability of medical services in the modern world, with most countries offering some form of universal healthcare to their residents. Secondly, health promotion efforts have made people more aware of their health issues and prevention needs. This is particularly evident in young adults, who proved to be more health-conscious than the previous generations. Technological Forces Developments in technology provide healthcare organisations with excellent opportunities for optimising service delivery and maintaining communication internally and externally. Additionally, technological advancement has impacted people’s expectations. In the modern world, healthcare organisations are expected to keep up with trends in technology, and the ability of an organisation to use recent technologies effectively influences its image. Economic and Environmental Forces Both economic and environmental forces are crucial to healthcare organisations. On the one hand, economic fluctuations in the UAE and all over the globe and the threat of another future recession can make individuals and organisations hesitant to invest in private healthcare and insurance coverage. On the other hand, healthcare organisations face pressure from environmental authorities and activists to reduce waste and use resources effectively. Environmental changes, such as pollution and ozone layer depletion, are also crucial to healthcare in the long term. They might contribute to population health issues and increase the demand for services. Political Forces The political environment in which NMC operates is highly favourable to healthcare organisations. The UAE has recently increased the support provided to private healthcare institutions as part of its strategy to improve population health. The policies that affect private insurance in the UAE and all over the globe include mandatory corporate health insurance, hospital privatisation, which affect the levels of demand and supply in private healthcare. Nevertheless, governmental support comes at a cost, and private care providers are monitored by governments for service quality, efficiency and other characteristics. We will write a custom Case Study on NMC Healthcare Company’s Analysis and Strategy specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

Importance of Labour Market Flexibility and Labour Mobility to EU Businesses

Explain why labour market flexibility and labour mobility are seen as important to EU businesses? The European Union is possibly at its most crucial point since its creation in 1993(1) (Paul,2007). With countries such as the United Kingdom voting to leave and others potentially becoming nervous at the once deemed helpful over hindrance EU, the scrutiny on whether this organisation is as helpful as it once was is now further under the microscope. The result and consequences of Brexit could massively affect migrating workers across the EU not just getting into the UK and other European countries but workers from the UK leaving to find work across Europe, which the labour mobility and labour market flexibility gives workers the freedom to be able to move to find work. The ability for businesses to move workers but also hire and fire when needed is crucial to meet the demand and supply that workers can meet for businesses across the EU especially with the number of migrant workers which move over to the UK but also skilled workers who come over from different countries cannot just help but also improve things such as FDI (foreign direct investment) for example. However, the remaining members still feel the benefits of the EU, especially with labour and the ability for the market to react with supply and demand as said in labour market flexibility (2) as these EU businesses are able to bring in workers when, like said before, demand is needed to be met the EU is very useful for being able to use skilled workers who are not just one job specific and utilize these workers .This labour market flexibility and mobility is crucial to the ability of EU businesses to be able to trade in this single market freely and develop their business. So, the EU and its market flexibility and mobility depending on where you sit can be crucial or not to the success of EU businesses and how they operate. Labour market flexibility is the “willingness and ability of labour to respond to changes in market conditions, including changes in the demand for labour and the wage rate” (3) as said in labour market flexibility. This is important as it means that businesses from the EU could react to, and “adjust supply to demand” (4) as said in labour market flexibility. The ability for EU businesses to be able to keep with the demand of labour is crucial as, especially with the changing uncertainty of the EU a business must expect markets to shift constantly, whatever sector they are in. Therefore, if labour must be moved to meet the demand elsewhere then that business will be in a good position to bring the supply of workers. Also, in these flexible markets the labourers indeed have more rights meaning “higher productivity but also better rights leading to less unemployment” (5) (Lennard,2015, pg.1). which benefits both business and worker as these workers will be able to create more products meaning that imports and exports will be able to increase for businesses. However, with these workers being more flexible it can lead to less rights as they are more expendable and can be fired easily if there is change within the business or market. Labour market flexibility is especially strong for supply in macro-economic as it deals with the country’s economy and has indicators such as “GDP, unemployment rates, national income, price indices “as said in macroeconomics. (6) This means that if the country’s unemployment rates are low then there is a less demand for workers as most of that country’s population are working. This backs the theory of labour market flexibility being the most important factor to the supply area of macro-economic as without the labour market being flexible to change such as wage rates or demand for example then a country’s economy would struggle as labour would be non-existent. Moreover, with this flexible labour it encourages the inward investment and “multinational firms may be attracted to invest in countries with more flexible labour markets, creating jobs in the first place” as said in economics help (7) meaning that EU businesses with labour market flexibility can expand and have open trade as a result. Demand for labour can change however, and the flexibility of labour within their market sometimes still does not help, especially if there is no demand. The short, long and medium demand for labour very much can fluctuate as the short- and medium-term demand very much depends on national incomes and where businesses are in terms of market and their own cycle. On the other hand, the longer-term demand can change due to “structure of an economy, often brought about by changing technology or through globalisation and deindustrialisation” (8). This further strengthens the idea of how important labour market flexibility is to EU businesses as if there is further demand in the short or medium term then the ability for businesses to bring in workers quickly but also without problems allows businesses to meet the demand and not lose money due to under staffing which can lead to less productivity. This also suits workers as they will have mostly flexible lifestyles which undoubtedly comes with being apart of a flexible labour market which not only offers them a greater choice but also the businesses who are looking for these types of workers. There is a clear uncertainty for these workers however as their job is not secure which can lead to stress and job insecurity but they will expect that in these sorts of markets. Moreover, the importance of labour market flexibility to EU businesses is evident with the lower costs that comes with flexible labour markets as if firms are over staffed and need to cut the costs then they can quite easily get rid of workers without hassle showing the benefits of both hiring and firing workers from these markets. On the other hand, labour market flexibility does bring with it some problems. The first of which is that if a business brings in labour then there could be a lack of training in that specific sector or job causing more expenditure for the business then what they would like because if workers lack the training then they won’t be able to do the job to the best of their ability. This, in turn, links to the businesses then having a lower productivity which affects any EU business dramatically as this can lead to poor trade due to the lack of exports. Lastly, the barriers to entry have a major effect as It can require qualifications or for exit can include lengthy contracts for example which is a major stumbling block as if barriers to entry are high causes labour to be flexible. The UK especially has become more involved within labour market flexibility as seen from the graph to the below. As seen the increase in zero-hour contracts means businesses in the UK are more inclined to use labour market flexibility and not have workers on set contracts therefore outlining the importance of labour market flexibility that is being utilised by businesses in the UK. (9) As a result of Brexit, the UK could see the effects of leaving the EU as by leaving it will make it much more difficult for businesses to be able to just bring on workers and then fire them as there won’t be that freedom anymore, which the labour market brings with it. When the referendum results were revealed “online job ads fell by nearly a half – from nearly 1.5 million to about 800,000” (10), these figures clearly show the effect that Brexit already has and will have on businesses in the UK and EU in terms of labour as many immigrants come over to the UK and tend to work in unskilled jobs which links to the table above with the increase in zero-hour contracts. Labour mobility is “the ease with which laborers are able to move around within an economy and between different economies. (Radcliffe, B,2016)” (11). The impact of labour mobility is very important to be able to determine growth and production for the market and businesses themselves. There are two different types of labour mobility, one being geographical which is if workers can work in a specific location or not and the other, occupational, is whether workers can change jobs. These are both crucial to EU businesses as if workers are able to change location of where they work with ease that is a vital asset for EU businesses, as if the worker is able to change job type it means that if another job is in need of assistance or is understaffed then the occupational worker is a vital tool for businesses to use. Geographical is just as important as it can allow EU businesses to move production or move workers to certain areas as they are not set in one location. This demonstrates the priority of labour mobility to EU business as already seen by the number of zero-hour contracts increasing and (12) as seen from the table below the UK get a vast amount of immigrants from Europe meaning that many will be looking for jobs and will be very flexible in finding work which is very important for EU and UK businesses as they can train these workers and then use them where demand is in excess. (13). The importance of immigration and workers that come with them is seen from the table below 10.4% of the UK population is made up of migrant workers showing how important migrant workers from the EU are to businesses when dealing with demand and supply and the ability of workers to move. Moreover, they are not just important to the UK as you can see Germany, another major EU country have a large percent of migrant workers in the country’s population therefore outlining how important of a tool labour mobility is for EU businesses in not just the UK but also Germany. Migrant Workers as a % of a country’s total population Country Name 2010 Country Name 2010 Kuwait 76.6 World 3.1 Qatar 74.2 Sub-Saharan Africa (all income levels) 2.1 United Arab Emirates 43.8 Least developed countries 1.4 Singapore 38.7 Korea, Rep. 1.1 United States 13.8 India 0.4 Germany 13.2 Brazil 0.4 United Kingdom 10.4 China 0.1 South Africa 3.7 Indonesia 0.1 Source: World Bank By labour mobility happening this can help EU businesses increase their inward FDI as if a company can keep skilled workers and be very flexible then this makes countries but also businesses very attractive for inward investment. There are several opportunities for labour mobility workers who can migrate as seen by the data released by Eurostat where the unemployment percentages where released. These where “Greece (23.1%), Spain (19.2%), Cyprus (14.2%) and Italy (11.9%)” (14). This clearly shows the availability of workers for EU businesses and how they can go into these countries because there is unemployment, they can bring these workers, whether they are occupational or geographical and meet the demand but be able to put these workers on poorer contracts which allows businesses to be flexible with them in terms of where they work or if they need to fire them. This shows the link between labour mobility and labour market flexibility and how both of them complement each other to the benefit of EU businesses. However, although the unemployment can be a benefit to businesses job mobility is still low across certain countries which needs to increase. This is shown by the graph to the right (15) outlining the limited mobility that the EU has and that it needs to improve if EU businesses are to feel the full positive effect of labour mobility. Brexit could also affect labour mobility as with the UK leaving the EU this will make it harder for workers to be able to move countries freely both in and out of the UK which is going to make it doubly difficult for UK and EU businesses to hire and fire workers with ease as there won’t be that free access to move countries within the EU and then also work in these countries. The European union has been the main topic of conversation in politics over the last year for all the right, or wrong reasons. However, all these conversations have been based around the UK and Brexit but not about the importance of labour mobility and the labour market to not just the EU but also to the UK and how important the EU is for labour and how the UK benefits from bringing in skilled workers across the EU but then being able to move them on or put them in different jobs. Overall, the importance of labour market flexibility and also labour mobility is unprecedented to EU businesses. Both labour mobility and labour market flexibility bring not just workers to businesses to meet supply and demand but also it helps GDP and inward FDI for these countries. Labour market flexibility is only the start because its not just the markets ability to be flexible, but labour mobility is just as important as if workers are not willing to move then it is impossible for businesses to be able to move or hire workers. The ability of labour to be able to move countries but also be skilled in not just one, but two jobs is crucial for EU businesses, especially in the UK as they hire a lot of migrant workers showing the ability for labour mobility and the market to be utilised to its full potential. The significance of the findings in this essay are un-paralleled as seen with the graphs outlining how the UK uses labour but also how labour mobility needs to improve as there several countries such as Greece for example which is quite high in unemployment rates and how several countries can utilize this to increase labour mobility therefore helping with the flexible labour market. However, as important as labour mobility and labour market flexibility is to the EU there are problems arising. Brexit for example is a major stumbling block for labour for workers coming in and out of the UK as workers could be blocked wanting to come to the UK as barriers to entry could become very high but also for workers wanting to leave and seek work in the EU this might not be possible anymore. Whatever is said about the EU whether it is helpful or a hindrance it cannot be denied that the EU is massively beneficial for EU businesses and especially with the use of labour mobility and labour market flexibility so, however the EU turns out in the coming years the use of the EU and also the use of labour for the EU will change considerably. References; Craig, Paul; de Búrca, Gráinne (2007). EU Law, Text, Cases and Materials (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199273898. Available online- Date accessed- 18/10/2018 Economics online, Labour Market Flexibility. Available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 Economics online, Labour Market Flexibility. Available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 Economics online, Labour Market Flexibility. Available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 Lennard, C (2015) The Impact of Labour Market Flexibility on Businesses and Consumers. Available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 macroeconomics, available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 Economicshelp, Advantages and Disadvantages of Flexible Labour Markets. Available online- Date Accessed- 18/10/2018 Economics online, Labour Market Flexibility. Available online- Date Accessed- 29/10/2018 Economicshelp, Advantages and Disadvantages of Flexible Labour Markets. Available online- Petrongolo, B (2016) Brexit and the UK labour market. London, VoxEU. Available online- Date accessed- 01/11/2018 Radcliffe, B (2016) The economics of labour mobility. Available online- Date accessed- 01/11/2018 Riley, G Nd. Labour migration (labour markets). Available online- Date Accessed- 05/11/2018 Riley, G Nd. Labour migration (labour markets). Available online- Date Accessed- 08/11/2018 Klekner, R (2017) EU unemployment: Declining, but dependent on labour mobility. Available online; Date accessed- 08/11/2018 Andor, L (2014) Labour Mobility in the European Union – The Inconvenient Truth. Lecture at Bristol University. Available online- Date accessed; 08/11/2018

Age Ailment: Dementia Essay (Article)

Age Ailment: Dementia Essay (Article). Summary Dementia is an ailment that occurs mainly as a result of brain malfunctioning. In turn, memory shortage is likely to occur due to aging. However, excessive memory loss is not a normal situation and leads to Alzheimer’s disease. Besides, Alzheimer’s disease remains the most frequent illness suffered by many people in their old ages. In most cases, when Alzheimer’s disease occurs the brain is affected first since the patient tends to suffer from loss of memory. However, the chances of the disease occurring can be reduced by preventing the risk factors. Observing health matters is a requirement to help prevent the disease. In fact, keeping fit by engaging in physical exercises may help keep the patient’s brain relaxed and fresh. Feeding habits alongside diets should also be put into consideration. People suffering from the disease should eat food rich in iron, vitamins, and maintain healthy diets. The article recommends that spices should be used when cooking food for people suffering from Alzheimer’s. Patients must remain focused on realizing their life missions. Besides, emotional support from close people like family members is healthy to help support a person suffering from dementia. Such support reduces the chances of being stressed, which may eventually lead to Alzheimer’s disease. The mind is also supposed to be put to rest to avoid straining. Once diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, the use of drugs such as alcohol and cigarettes should be avoided. A habit that subjects the heart to risks like smoking also subjects a person to the risk of getting Alzheimer’s. Relating the article to personal experiences A digital sabbatical is taking rest from the internet and all its applications. It is a time for one to clean the mind and take time to do what matters most in life. The sabbatical also helps one to stop being dependent on the internet. Despite the fact that the internet and computers are important for learning and communication, they need to be used wisely. A digital sabbatical in the house is very important. It gives you time to relax, think, and meditate as well as offers space for self-reflection. People with dementia are better handled, naturally and digitally. While engaging them in physical activities to keep them healthy, dementia patients should also be encouraged to have a lot of rest. With an increased level of technological advancements, a digital sabbatical is mandatory to lower the level of Alzheimer’s disease. To help patients recall past events and people, engaging them in artworks such as sketching assists in distracting their minds and enable them to interact and express themselves. When fatigue and dis-contentment set in a patient’s life, the person just wants to relax, learn new things or spend more time with his or her families. In fact, during this time, one just feels like going back to the past when life was simple with the limited rush to be online. Instituting a digital sabbatical would be a great way to escape the current era of technology that increases the level of Alzheimer’s illness. A study conducted by Alexander and Larson (2014) indicated that lifestyles such physical activity, social connections, and constant mental engagement had increased the possibility of reducing incidences of AD. The main challenge of being digital is that it limits movements. Limited movements result in various health problem such as obesity. During a digital sabbatical, it will be an opportunity for movement, which helps in keeping the brain active for longer hours and facilitate blood circulation. One can exercise at this time given that physical activities do not require electronics. During such times, the patient could visit old friends and relatives to have a conversation with them. Besides, a digital sabbatical would be a great opportunity to go camping or fishing and even find your purpose in life. Therefore, a digital sabbatical promotes a healthy lifestyle and reduces the chances of suffering from Alzheimer’s illness. References Alexander, M.Age Ailment: Dementia Essay (Article)