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Moraine Valley Community College Negotiation Strategy CAPM Discussion

Moraine Valley Community College Negotiation Strategy CAPM Discussion.

This week, as the project manager for International Logistics Services, you are starting to form the project team. An employee who works on the loading dock recently earned the Project Management Institute’s Certified Associate Project Manager (CAPM) designation. The employee wants to join your project team. However, the loading dock supervisor has not approved this assignment. The loading dock supervisor indicated that resources on the loading dock are already constrained and has expressed a lack of support to change the way warehouse is run.Develop a negotiation strategy to obtain the loading dock supervisor’s cooperation with your project and specifically to assign the employee to the project team.
Moraine Valley Community College Negotiation Strategy CAPM Discussion

California State University Syntax Structures and Communication Discussion.

Question 1 – Chapter 3 Syntax: Structures and Communication (pages 76-87)Using some of the key concepts from chapter 3 (below), write a two-page essay in which you answer the following questions: What is syntax (a page to a page and a half in length) and what is the relationship between syntax and communication? (a half page in length). Underline and bold first use of conceptsincluded. Chapter 3 Key Conceptssyntaxsubject-verb-object (SVO languages)subjectsquare bracketsambiguitylexical or word meaning ambiguitystructural ambiguitygrammaticality judgmentssyntactic categorynoun phrase (NP)verb phrase (VP)prepositional phrase (PP)determiner (Det)Question 2 – Chapter 4 Semantics: Meaning (pages 139-158; and pages 170-177)Using some of the key concepts from chapter 4 (below), write a two-page essay in which you answer the following questions: What is semantics (a page to a page and a half in length) and how is semantics related to communication? (a half page in length). Underline and bold first use of concepts included.Chapter 4 Key Conceptsentailmentsemantics/lexical semantics/phrasal or sentential semanticspragmaticstautologies/analyticcontradictionssemantic anomalymetaphorsidioms/idiomatic phrasesreferent/referencesensesynonyms and antonymsmarked/unmarked pairsdiscourse/discourse analysisGrice’s maxims of conversationimplicaturesspeech actsillocutionary forceRequirements:Essay responses must be typed, double spaced, Times New Roman, 12-point font, standard margins (unjustified), black ink, in APA citation format. All papers should be well written, thoroughly proofread and edited, well organized and appropriately formatted. See the “Guidelines for Written Work” in the course syllabus. Do not plagiarize any part of your responses; consult the course syllabus for expectations and policies regarding academic honesty.Papers will be evaluated on content, ability to demonstrate understanding of the material, organization, style, language, format, and citation. Be sure to use paragraphs to organize your material, choose substantive ideas to discuss, and proofread, edit, and revise your paper.Length: Each response should be limited to two pages maximum, for a total of four pages maximum.
California State University Syntax Structures and Communication Discussion

Screening for Biomarkers of Aging. Identification of biomarkers for aging based on DNA microarray data Highlights: Totally, 43 time series-related lncRNAs were screened. A total of 11 clusters of 41 lncRNAs were identified. CYP51 and FDPS were mainly enriched in pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis. MFAP3 and MFAP5 were significantly enriched in pathway of elastic fibre formation. Abstract Background: The age-related disorders including cancers, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases become a burden on health care provision in the developed countries. The objective of this study was to screen for possible lncRNAs and target genes of aging and to explore the mechanisms of aging. Methods: GSE25905 was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. In this analysis, 3 samples of gene microarray data (peripheral white adipocytes isolated from male C57BL/6J mice of 6 months, 14 months and 18 months of age) with 3 replicates were obtained. Identification of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were performed at three time points. Then, lncRNA target genes were predicted. Subsequently, cluster analysis of lncRNAs expression pattern was performed, following by the functional analysis for positive- and negative-regulation target genes of lncRNAs. Results: A total of 8301 time series-related mRNAs and 43 time series-related lncRNAs were identified in peripheral white adipocytes samples. Additionally, CYP51 (lanosterol 14-demethylase) and FDPS (farnesyl diphosphate synthase), the positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs, were mainly enriched in pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis. Moreover, MFAP3 (microfibrillar associated protein 3) and MFAP5 were significantly enriched in pathway of elastic fibre formation. However, the negative-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs were mainly enriched in pathways such as metabolism of proteins. Conclusion: CYP51, FDPS, MFAP3 and MFAP5 may be pivotal genes for the process of aging. Key words: aging; long non-coding RNAs; target genes; Gene Ontology; pathway Introduction Aging is related with damaged adipogenesis in various fat depots in humans [1, 2]. In addition, aging is connected with increased generation of pro-inflammatory signals in visceral white adipose tissue (WAT)[3]. Currently, about 800 million people are at least 60 years old, which accouts about 11% of the world’s population; by 2050, aging population is expected to increase to more than 2 billion, representing 22% of the population [4]. Moreover, aging remains an elevated risk of common diseases, including hypertension, atherosclerosis and diabetes [5, 6]. Notably, WAT is considered as an important regulator for multiple physiological processes and highly linked to the development of multiple morbidities [7-9]. Therefore, understanding the aging-adipose interactions is very important for understanding the basis of disease in the elderly. Several studies have exhibited some genes that are implicated in aging process in an adipose depot-dependent manner. For example, age-related increase in IL-6 (interleukin 6), which was related to stress responses and cellular senescence, was observed in a fat depot-dependent manner, [1]. Sirt1 (sirtuin 1) and SOD2 (superoxide dismutase 2), which were correlated with mitochondrial aging, were significantly reduced in epididymal adipocytes with age [10]. Additionally, the expression of MMP-3 (matrix metallopeptidase 3 (stromelysin 1, progelatinase)) was increased in mouse subcutaneous fat cells and human skin fibroblasts with aging [11, 12]. Furthermore, decreased expression in PPARγ (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma) through declining fat mass has been observed in monkey subcutaneous whole fat tissue [13]. Cartwright et.al reported that the levels of adipogenic transcription factors, such as C/EBPa (CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP), alpha), C/EBPδ and PPARg (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma), were lower in differentiating adipocytes isolated from old than that of young rats [14]. Krishnamurthy et.al also have demonstrated that the expression of the Ink4a/Arf tumor suppressor locus is a robust biomarker and potential effector of mammalian aging [15]. In addition to these genes mentioned above, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are defined as largest transcript class in human genome longer than 200 bp that lack protein-coding potential[16, 17], may play a key role in a variety of biological cellular processes and diseases development [18, 19]. In spite of much effort, the lncRNAs with known functions remains rare. Thus, efficient prediction of lncRNAs functions is still a considerable challenge. The expression profile GSE25905 [20] was offered by Liu et al. who analyzed differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in bone marrow adipocytes and epididymal adipocytes and determined the effects of aging on genes associated with mitochondria function and inflammation in bone marrow adipocytes. However, the effects of lncRNAs on aging were not performed. Therefore, in the current study, we performed an extensive analysis using the bioinformatics methods to identify the lncRNAs and explore the molecular alteration in the process of aging. Moreover, functional analysis of target genes of lncRNAs was carried out. The results might provide a deeper insight into the development of aging. 2. Methods and materials 2.1. Tissue samples and data acquisition The gene expression profile was downloaded at the National Center of Biotechnology Information (NCBI) Gene Expression Omnibus (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/) database , which was accessible through GSE25905 [20]. The samples were based on GPL6246 platform of ([MoGene-1_0-st] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array. In this analysis, 3 samples of gene microarray data (peripheral whiteadipocytes isolated from male C57BL/6J mice of 6 months, 14 months and 18 months of age) with 3 replicates were obtained. 2.2. Data preprocessing and profiling of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) The gene expression profile of GSE25905 was preprocessed by the Affy package [21] provided by Brain Array Lab. Expression data of probe in CEL document were processed to corresponding genes according to the annotation of GPL6246 platform, and normalization was carried out using the robust multiarray average (RMA) algorithm [22]. Then, the expression matrix was obtained. The expression values of multi-probes probes for a given gene were reduced to a single value by computing the average expression value. Then, lncRNAs were obtained from the authoritative data sources of GENCODE (http://www.gencodegenes.org/) [23]. 2.3. Identification of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs at three time points The BETR (Bayesian Estimation of Temporal Regulation) algorithm of BETR package [24]was applied to identify differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs at three time points, which calculated the probability of differential expression for each lncRNA and gene. The probability > 0.9 was selected as the criteria. 2.4. LncRNA target prediction Differentially expressed lncRNAs were chosen for target prediction in order to determine whether lncRNAs might play roles via regulating the corresponding mRNAs. Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) was performed to calculate the expression similarity of lncRNAs and mRNAs at different time series. For each pair of lncRNA-mRNA, significant correlation pairs with| PCC | more than 0.95 were used to construct the lncRNA-mRNA regulatory network displayed by Cytoscape [25]. 2.5 Cluster analysis of lncRNAs expression pattern Hierarchical clustering [26, 27] is an analytical tool applied to discover the closest associations between gene profiles and specimens under evaluation. In our study, to analyze the changes of lncRNAs expression pattern, the BHC (Bayesian Hierarchical Clustering) package [28] was preformed to construct the cluster heat map of lncRNAs and samples. 2.6 Functional analysis Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway functional analysis for positive- and negative-regulation target genes of lncRNAs above were carried out using TargetMine (http://targetmine.nibio.go.jp) [29] which was a successful approach towards the identification of candidate genes for further investigation. The adjusted p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant which was calculated by the Holm-Bonferroni [30] method. 3. Results 3.1. Data preprocessing and profiling of lncRNAs Based on the annotation information of GPL6246 platform, a total of 203 probes were identified and annotated as lncRNAs. Moreover, 20564 genes were screened. The data before and after normalization were shown in Figure 1A and 1B. 3.2 Identification of differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs at three time points Based on the probability > 0.9, 8301 time series-related mRNAs and 43 time series-related lncRNAs were identified in peripheral white adipocytes samples. 3.3 LncRNA target prediction As shown in Figure 2, the regulatory network of 41 lncRNAs and corresponding to mRNAs was constructed, which was involved in 1880 genes and 2313 regulatory pairs. 3.4 Cluster analysis of lncRNAs expression pattern To further explore the changes of the lncRNAs expression levels at three time points in peripheral white adipocytes, we performed the cluster analysis. Our results demonstrated that the expression values of most lncRNAs were higher in peripheral white adipocytes isolated from male C57BL/6J mice of 14 months old than that of 6 and 18 months old. The cluster heat map of 41 lncRNAs was shown in Figure 3. According to the results of clustering analysis, 11 clusters were identified. The cluster heat map of 11 clusters (Figure 4) presented a decline trend of lncRNAs expression at three time points. 3.3 Functional enrichment analysis We used the TargetMine to identify GO enriched functions and pathways for positive- and negative-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs. The positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs were mainly enriched in biology process such as vasculature development and pathways such as cholesterol biosynthesis as well as elastic fibre formation (Table 1). The negative-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs were mainly enriched in biology process such as metabolic process and pathways such as metabolism of proteins (Table 2). Discussion The increased occurrence of cancers, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases related with age becomes a burden on health care provision in the developed countries [31]. In this study, gene expression profile GSE25905 was downloaded and investigated to explore the potential mechanisms of aging applying bioinformatics methods. A total of 8301 time series-related mRNAs and 43 time series-related lncRNAs were identified in peripheral white adipocytes samples. Additionally, CYP51 (lanosterol 14-demethylase) and FDPS (farnesyl diphosphate synthase), the positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs, were mainly enriched in pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis. Moreover, MFAP3 (microfibrillar associated protein 3) and MFAP5 were significantly enriched in pathway of elastic fibre formation. A former study has demonstrated that aging is associated with altered cholesterol metabolism in T cells, causing increased cholesterol levels in lipid rafts [32]. Other researches also identified several aging-dependent up-regulated processes, such as cholesterol transport , lipid catabolism and proteolysis in normally aging rats [33, 34]. In the present study, CYP51 and FDPS, the positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNA, was significantly enriched in cholesterol biosynthesis. Moreover, the expression of CYP51 and FDPS were down-regulated with aging. CYP51, the most evolutionarily conserved member of CYP (cytochrome P450) gene superfamily, participates in the late portion of cholesterol biosynthesis [35]. Moreover, cholesterol biosynthesis is mediated via the SREBPs (sterol regulatory element binding protein transcription factors) which are regarded as the key elements in controlling cellular cholesterol homeostasis [36]. Notably, the co-regulatory of SREBPs and cAMP-dependent pathway is of great importance for maintaining the cellular cholesterol level [37]. The network of insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1, AMP-activated protein kinase/target of rapamycin and cAMP/PKA pathways modulates the organismal lifespan [38-40]. FDPS, encoded by FDPS, is a crucial enzyme in the isoprene biosynthetic pathway, which offers the cell with cholesterol. Besides, FDPS was observed to be involved in cholesterol biosynthesis in aging peripheral nervous system [41]. Therefore, we infer that CYP51 and FDPS might provide some support for a role of further cholesterol-related genes in aging. Another significant pathway, elastic fibre formation was identified involved in MFAP3 and MFAP5 which were down-regulated with aging. Elastic fibre is a major insoluble extracellular matrix that ensures connective tissues with resilience, allowing long-range deformability as well as passive recoil and these properties are of significant importance to the function of arteries, lungs, skin and other dynamic connective tissues [42]. However, the loss of elasticity is a main contributing factor in aging [43]. In ageing and immune states, microfibrils are related with amyloid deposits and the accumulation of adhesive glycoproteins [44]. MFAP3 and MFAP5 are two members of microfibril-associated proteins. MFAP-3 and elastic fibres colocalise in skin and other tissues [45]. MFAP5 is participated in the rearrangement of elastic fibres in the extracellular space via interacting with the FBN1 (fibrillin 1) and FBN2 proteins [46, 47]. Moreover, MFAP5 had an age-dependent weakening of blood vessels [48]. In light of these conclusions, we infer MFAP3 and MFAP5 may play a critical role in the process of aging via regulation of elastic fibre formation. In sum, the identified positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNA, especially CYP51, FDPS, MFAP3 and MFAP5, may be pivotal genes for the process of aging. However, there remain shortcomings in this study. The results were obtained using bioinformatics methods and have not been verified by relevant experiments yet. Further experiments are needed to prove the effects and mechanisms of CYP51, FDPS, MFAP3 and MFAP5 in aging. Figures Legends Figure 1 A: Box plot of gene expressions in peripheral white adipocytes samples at three time points before normalization. B: Box plot of gene expressions in peripheral white adipocytes samples at three time points after normalization. The X axis stands for samples while the Y axis stands for expression level of genes. The black line in the center was the median of expression value, and the consistent distribution indicated a good standardization. Figure 2 The regulatory network of 41 lncRNAs and their corresponding to mRNAs. The diamond nodes stand for lncRNAs; arrows represent the positive regulation; non-arrows represent the negative regulation. Figure 3 The cluster heat map of the 41 long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The color scale represents the relative levels of lncRNAs; horizontal axis represents samples; vertical coordinate represents lncRNAs. Figure 4 The expression pattern and heat map of 11 clusters. Table 1 Gene Ontology (GO) and pathways functional enrichment analysis of positive-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs Ontology term adjust-P count GO-BP vasculature development [GO:0001944] 1.33E-08 65 GO-BP blood vessel development [GO:0001568] 1.34E-07 60 GO-BP regulation of locomotion [GO:0040012] 2.45E-05 51 GO-BP blood vessel morphogenesis [GO:0048514] 2.55E-05 49 GO-BP regulation of cellular component movement [GO:0051270] 3.92E-05 50 GO-CC cell surface [GO:0009986] 2.46E-05 53 GO-CC plasma membrane [GO:0005886] 9.39E-05 158 GO-CC cell periphery [GO:0071944] 2.59E-04 163 GO-CC side of membrane [GO:0098552] 0.015056 33 GO-CC plasma membrane part [GO:0044459] 0.021127 101 REACT_208531 Cholesterol biosynthesis 4.00E-03 9 REACT_198996 Elastic fibre formation 5.10E-03 11 Table 2 Gene Ontology (GO) and pathways functional enrichment analysis of negative-regulation potential target genes of lncRNAs Ontology term adjust-P count GO-BP metabolic process [GO:0008152] 8.05E-10 380 GO-BP organic substance metabolic process [GO:0071704] 5.74E-09 360 GO-BP primary metabolic process [GO:0044238] 3.62E-08 343 GO-BP cellular metabolic process [GO:0044237] 5.03E-08 344 GO-BP mitochondrion organization [GO:0007005] 2.30E-04 32 GO-CC intracellular [GO:0005622] 2.01E-16 478 GO-CC intracellular part [GO:0044424] 3.17E-16 475 GO-CC cell [GO:0005623] 4.05E-15 526 GO-CC cell part [GO:0044464] 4.05E-15 526 GO-CC mitochondrion [GO:0005739] 7.42E-12 134 GO-MF catalytic activity [GO:0003824] 1.50E-03 180 REACT_188937 Metabolism 2.32E-04 125 REACT_247926 Metabolism of proteins 0.004417 58 REACT_237472 Asparagine N-linked glycosylation 0.004713 19 REACT_236283 Post-translational protein modification 0.010703 27 REACT_225686 Autodegradation of Cdh1 by Cdh1:APC/C 0.012911 13 Screening for Biomarkers of Aging
Discussion Assignment 2. Paper details More and more current types of work are being automated. Marchant et al.’s article covers potential futures of technology and work. They outline six different types of options for how society could adapt to a world in which people’s basic needs can be met through automated means (that is, with little to no human labor required to produce resources like food, clothing, etc.). Marchant et al.’s purpose is to outline all the options they could think of—they do not support every possibility they discuss (especially not option A, eliminating new technologies that can improve people’s welfare); they instead wanted to present all the possibilities so that everyone has a record of them. When thinking about the future, people often think of just one thing changing at a time. For example, when presented with Marchant et al.’s idea of the average work week being shorter, many people consider how this would relate to CURRENT concerns (e.g., how would I meet my basic needs, like food or clothes, with less money?). However, social scientists need to consider how multiple changes happen simultaneously. So, for example, if work weeks are shorter AND sufficient food and clothes for everyone have been produced with little to no human labor–what might society look like? The rate of social and technological change tends to get faster over time (“exponential growth”), so we need to address these issues now so that we have feasible plans for using technologies effectively and building positive work opportunities when the time comes. For this assignment, you’ll read just a few pages (106-111) of Rushkoff’s book, about the social construction of money. This portion complements Marchant et al.’s article, since both Rushkoff and Marchant et al. have written on the diverse ways people have participated in building and trading goods and services. Due 06/02: Contrary to popular belief, futurists nowadays are less concerned with trying to predict what is likely to happen but instead are concerned with identifying positive outcomes and ways to achieve these outcomes. In this assignment, you’ll use a technique called a scenario (which is a rich description of what life could be like in the future) to reflect on the future of technology and work. Building positive scenarios for the future is an important way for us to use social science research to help us construct goals for the future and reflect on how stakeholders can have a role in achieving them. For this assignment, you’ll construct a scenario of the midpoint of the century (2050). Scenarios, like all social science analytical tools, can take some different forms. Your scenario can be a straightforward narrative description of what our society could look like in 2050—but some students find that other writing techniques help them construct scenarios. Some previous students have approached their scenarios by writing them as “diary entries” from 2050, where they describe what their life, or what the life of someone else (their child, a celebrity, etc.) could be like. Some students have written scenarios as news reports from the future. These are both ways of making abstract concepts more concrete. In approximately 500 words, construct a scenario of a positive future, in which technology is used to meet our needs and people have opportunities to participate in work, education, and leisure. Paraphrase and cite from the two readings listed above in your project. Due 06/04: Comment on another student’s scenario in approximately 200 words. What were some of the things you liked the most about their project? How do you think their scenario could work alongside yours?Discussion Assignment 2

Costa Coffee Company Analysis Research Paper

Costa Coffee Company Analysis Research Paper. Introduction History The Costa Coffee is a UK based firm that has spread its wings worldwide. It is a fully owned subsidiary of a company known as Whitbread, which it fully controls. Costa Coffee is rated highly among other coffeehouses globally, where it follows Starbucks in size. However, it is the market leader in the UK. The coffeehouse was set up in 1971 by the Costa brothers, Sergio and Bruno. Initially, Costa Coffee started as a wholesale supplier of roasted coffee. It used to supply to Italian coffee shops, as well as other caterers. The company was acquired by Whitbread in the year 1995. It has grown tremendously since its inception and today it owns over 2800 stores that are spread over 30 countries globally. In the United Kingdom, Costa Coffee owns about 1750 restaurants and approximately 3500 Costa Express. In addition, it owns about 1100 outlets in the overseas countries (Costa, 2013). After starting as a distributor of roasted coffee, Costa Coffee started retailing coffee in the year 1978. Its first store was located in Vauxhall Bridge Road in London. Its 1000th store was opened in Cardiff in the year 2009. It also went on to acquire Coffee Heaven for a reported amount of £36 million and then added about 79 outlets around Europe. Generally, Costa Coffee is a big company and has been highly successful in its operation, a feat that can be attributed to its excellent management and leadership (Costa, 2013). Industry Costa Coffee operates in an industry that is highly competitive. The restaurant industry, despite being one of the busiest in the markets, is also one of the most competitive. The industry’s growth was fueled by the lifestyle changes that were created by the Italian living. The food industry is a big industry in the United Kingdom, which is ranked 5th among the best and most profitable industries (Costa, 2013). The major factor why the food industry is big in the United Kingdom is because it is easy to enter. This also happens to be the major factor why Costa Coffee has been able to thrive in Europe. Location The location of a business is very essential for its success. For instance, a company that is allocated in a well-populated area is likely to do better than one that is located in a scarcely populated area because the former has access to more potential customers. The location of Costa Coffee has been a favorable factor towards its success. First, it operates over 1750 outlets in the United Kingdom. In the international market, the company is operating in over 30 countries and has about 1100 stores. Most of its stores are found in the busy streets of the countries in which it is operating. The company has also set up shop in retail stores like Tesco, cinemas like the Odeon, as well as hotels like the Marriott Hotels, among other strategic locations that experience a high traffic of people. In addition, the company has stores in some hospitals (Costa, 2013). These locations have played a key role in the success of Costa Coffee because they enable it to be accessible to many people. Competition As mentioned earlier, Costa Coffee operates in an industry that is highly competitive. It is an industry whose entry is not very complicated, thus many companies with similar products can join. Among the competitors include Starbucks and Italian coffee outlets. McDonalds is also emerging as a competitor in the industry. Most of the organizations that are operating in the industry are highly innovative, thereby increasing the magnitude of competition (Costa, 2013). Despite the level of competition in the industry, Costa Coffee has been able to establish itself as a force and it is ranked second globally in terms of performance and size. Market position Costa Coffee ranks well in the market, as it stands out compared to most of the other similar companies in the industry (Costa, 2013). The company leads the park in most of the countries in Europe where it operates. It is highly innovative, thus it continues to position itself for future competition. It is imperative to note that the level of competition continues to intensify as companies continue being innovative owing to the advancement in technology Strategy of the company Mission Every business organization should have its goals and objectives, both for short term and for long term survival. The long term objectives of a business organization also happen to be the reason why the business exists (Stevenson, 2011). They define the strategy that the organization is to employ. The mission of Costa Coffee is to produce the best coffee in the world and become the best/ leading coffee business (Costa Coffee, 2014). Therefore, all its strategies are geared towards producing the best quality of coffee. Strategy Producing the best quality of coffee is the strategy that Costa Coffee employs. This has been the major factor in its success. It focuses on making a difference in the coffee industry through offering unique features in its products. Differentiation is the key aspect of the company’s strategy. However, Costa Coffee also focuses on the affordability of its coffee. It, therefore, produces coffee that is affordable to virtually every class of people in its market niche. Costa Coffee produces coffee based on the needs of its customers. The company listens to what the customers need and responds to that. Its brand of coffee has an Italian origin, which is a differentiation strategy. It offers coffee that is unique from what is offered by most of its competitors. Measuring Productivity One of the challenges facing Costa Coffee is determining the level of productivity of the staff, because the firm relies on the productivity of different units. Each unit has its own employees (Costa, 2013). The failure of the company may not necessarily reflect the failure of all employees. In other words, there is a possibility of the company recording dismal performance, even when some employees have excelled in their units. Therefore, measuring the specific productivity of the employees becomes a challenge. In general, it is not easy to measure the productivity of specific employees in the food industry. Forecasting Forecasting is important because it helps the organization in predicting its future performance, as well as its future financial needs. This helps the management to be proactive in its decisions, thereby giving the organization an advantage (Stevenson, 2011). Forecasting can either be qualitative or qualitative. The former refers to non-quantifiable aspects, while the latter is quantifiable. Forecasting approaches Costa Coffee has its long term projections and the goals that it needs to achieve in the long run. Therefore, it has to possess some specific resources, both quantifiable and non-quantifiable. This is why it uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches in its forecasting. The basis of forecasting is on time series. This will be enabled by the fact that the company keeps data for its operations. It is, therefore, able to predict the trends in sales and profitability. The trend has been on the increase over the years. This means that the company continues to get more customers. Its implication is that the productivity needs to be increased over time (HillCosta Coffee Company Analysis Research Paper

Education homework help

online homework help Education homework help. You are a top executive in your corporation. After careful consideration, you were selected to work on a project to use MIS to change the way your business is run. You will be responsible for researching the practices in your industry,You are a top executive in your corporation,Course Project Instructions, Throughout the course, beginning in Week 4, you will complete a series of milestones for your course project. At the end of Week 13, these milestones will be compile into a final course project showcasing your learning.,The milestones will continue throughout the course and will be introduced as we progress. These milestones are not to be submitted during the week they are introduced, but rather compiled and submitted as a final course project at the end of Week 13. You will have the opportunity to submit a draft during Week 7 as a progress check.,Course Project Scenario:, You are a top executive in your corporation. After careful consideration, you were select to work on a project to use MIS to change the way your business is run. You will be responsible for researching the practices in your industry, identify the strengths and weaknesses of the industry, and make an innovative plan to use MIS to improve on current practices.,The purpose of your research is to a) provide you with an opportunity to learn more about a specific industry and the current processes used and b) identify opportunities to use MIS to change how business is run and improve on current business practices.,Your report to management must include the following topics:,1. Milestone 1: History and Background – Develop a one page document providing a detailed summary with information about the industry, past and present business model/practices, the industry’s strengths and weaknesses.,2. Milestone 2: Target Customer – Develop a one page document addressing the following:, Firstly, identify the target customer in terms of age, gender, income, location, needs…etc.,Secondly, have your customers’ needs changed over the years?,Thirdly, are all their needs fulfilled?,Finally, is there a gap between customers’ needs and market offerings?,3. Milestone 3: Competition & Five Forces Model Analysis – Develop a one page document addressing the following:, Firstly, who is your competition?,Secondly, what are your plans to ensure that you are steps ahead of your competition and how will you respond to changes in the competitive environment?,Thirdly, what are the results of your five forces model analysis?,4. Milestone 4: Survey and Results – Develop and design a survey to help you with your project. Be sure to include a copy of your survey questions, sample size, summary of results, and recommendations.,5. Milestone 5: Proposed Use of MIS – Develop a one-page document explaining how MIS will benefit your industry/corporation. Provide details of the benefits and challenges of ,using, MIS in your industry/corporation.,6. Milestone 6: Implications – Develop a one page document identifying and describing the implications of the suggested use of MIS on the industry.,7. Milestone 7: Financial Benefits – Develop a one page document addressing the following:,a) What are the costs and financial benefits of using your proposed plan?,b) Explain the impact on revenue, fixed costs, and variable costs, initial investment, training, implementation, customer acquisition, customer retention, and customer satisfaction.,8. Milestone 8: The Future – Develop a one page document addressing the following:,Firstly, what changes do you foresee in the future of your industry/corporation?,Finally, how will you respond to changes in technology, processes, competitive environment, customers’ taste/needs, economic environment…etc.?,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Education homework help

UC Davis SAGASCO Holdings LTD Relies on Assessment of Popularity & Demand Ques

UC Davis SAGASCO Holdings LTD Relies on Assessment of Popularity & Demand Ques.

answer each question with 2-3 sentence base on the reading. Case is “SAGASCO Holdings Limited” 19 pages 9 of them are charts and data.here are questions1.Is it appropriate to think of all of Australia as a single geographic market for natural gas? If
so, explain why. If not, how would you define the relevant geographic market(s)?2.Based on your geographic market definition(s) above, would you expect the Santos /
SAGASCO merger to increase market power?3.Should regulators be concerned that Santos / SAGASCO would have a controlling share of
the Moomba processing facility? Why or why not?
UC Davis SAGASCO Holdings LTD Relies on Assessment of Popularity & Demand Ques

MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University NAFTA Tomato Wars Analysis Questions

MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University NAFTA Tomato Wars Analysis Questions.

NO MATCHING!!!!! NO PLAGIARISM!!! NO PLAGIARISM!!! The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder. Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted. Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page. Students must mention question number clearly in their answer. Late submission will NOT be accepted. Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism). Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted. Use APA style if you need write references
MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University NAFTA Tomato Wars Analysis Questions