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Moorpark College Significant Economic Event in the US Discussion

Moorpark College Significant Economic Event in the US Discussion.

American Government and Economics: Current Event Paper
Introduction:To better understand the complexities of American Government and American Economy and their impact on society, you will research, read and annotate a detailed current and important news event about the American Government (first semester) or the American Economy (second semester).
Current Event Paper:You will first research a current event topic related to American Government (first semester) or the American Economy (second semester).
Next, you choose at least one detailed news article about a specific event, read and annotate the article by either underlining or highlighting and writing notes in the margins. IMPORTANT: You should be able to discuss your reasons for why you chose your news event.
Once you develop an understanding about your news event, you will write a paper describing in detail what you have learned about the event, it’s impact on society and how it relates to the American Government (first semester) or the American Economy (second semester).
You will complete TWO papers EACH semester You will choose ONE of your papers to present EACH semester.
I. Paper Format – Your paper should be a minimum of five paragraphs in length and 12-point font and single-spaced. Paragraphs should have topic sentences and supporting information.
1. Introductory Paragraph – Background and Summary: In your own words and not using first person, type an introductory paragraph, which summarizes the article in six to eight sentences.
Include the article’s title, the author(s), the source (e.g., NY Times) and date published.
Provide background information by discussing the appropriate “5 w’s” (who?, what?, when?, where? and why?)in your introductory paragraph .
Define key terms to give the necessary context for the news event.
2. Body Paragraphs – Importance and Societal Impact: Type a minimum of three paragraphs. explain how the event impacts the U.S. society.
You are to use evidence such as quotes and statistics from the article. Do not use first person.
3. Concluding Paragraph – Reflection and Evaluation: Your six to eight sentence concluding paragraph is where you should evaluate the causes and effects of the current news event and their importance.
Think about and write about what you want your reader to remember that is most important about your current event.News Articles and Sources:Your news article must be current and detailed about a significant American Government or American Economic related event. You should discuss the how current event impacts our community, country and/or the world in at least two of the following three ways:
Political Impact: the impact that a government decision/action has on people or something (e.g., the environment).
Socially Impact: the impact of an activity on society and the how people live their lives
Economic Impact: a financial impact that something, often something new, has on a situation or person.
Quality news sources include, but are not limited to: Allsides.com, The LA Times, The NY Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsela, The Washington Post and The Economist.
“Headline/Summary News” sources are not acceptable sources, these include, but are not limited to: CNN.com, BuzzFeed, Yahoo news, which lack the necessary details that will allow you to write a quality paper.Current Event Questions.
To help you be both informative and interesting, answer the following questions for yourself (you will not turn your responses in) as you write and present your current event.
Is your current event topic more of a political, economic and/or social issue, explain (it can be all three)?
Of all the important current events, why did you choose this current event, be specific?
What is the most important idea you learned and will share with others about your topic and why?
How has your thinking changed about the topic, explain?
What important questions or issues are raised by this article?
How does the author use word or evidence based bias, explain? Grading/Points: See this and the next page for grade rubric and category points.
NEWS ARTICLE & PAPER RUBRIC (40 Possible Points)Requirements/CriteriaProficient10 possible pointsDeveloping8 possible pointsNeeds work6 possible pointsImportance of Event:Clearly communicates understanding of the main points of the article and includes supporting information.Communicates some understanding of the main points or with limited supporting information.Communcates little understanding of the main points of the article.Background Information and Key Terms:Necessary background information is provided. Unfamiliar, essential and/or difficult terms are chosen and defined.Only some background information is provided and/or unfamiliar, essential and/or difficult terms are chosen and defined.No background information is provided and very few or no terms are defined.News Source and Annotations:Paper provides News Article’s: 1-title, 2-author(s) 3-source, 4-publication date, and 5-attaches the annotated article. Only some of the five are provided. One or less of the five listed are missing.Writing:All statements are in students’ own words and does not use first person.Sentences are too similar to one in the original article.Many sentences are very similar to ones in the original article.
Moorpark College Significant Economic Event in the US Discussion

In his statement to the House of Commons when presenting Lord Laming’s Inquiry Report into the death of Victoria Climbié, on 28 January 2003, the Secretary of State for Health, Alan Milburn, said: “It is an all too familiar cry. In the past few decades there have been dozens of inquiries into awful cases of child abuse and neglect. Each has called on us to learn the lesson of what went wrong. Indeed, there is a remarkable consistency in both what went wrong and what is advocated to put it right. Lord Laming’s Report goes further. It recognises that the search for a simple solution or a quick fix will not do. It is not just national standards, or proper training, or adequate resources, or local leadership, or new structures that are needed.” I will give an overview of the inquiry. I will also give an overview of the themes, lack of accountability right through the organizations to the most senior level and staff not adequately trained in child protection. I will analyse and critique these themes in relation to agency policy, legal requirements, research, practitioner knowledge and the voice of the service user. Previous inquiries and there link to this inquiry will be discussed along with have we learned any lessons from this. The failure to implement a legal, ethical and political framework to inform current best practice will be utilized. I will reflect on the implications of evidence informed practice and how this will inform future social work practice. This paragraph will provide a summary of the events leading to the death of Victoria Climbie, and establish why there was a need for the inquiry. From the report (Lord Laming, 2003) we know that Victoria Climbie came to England with her great-aunt, Marie-Therese Kouao in April 1999. Within a year, she was dead. On 25th February 2000, Victoria died of hyperthermia at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington. She was just eight years old and had 128 separate injuries to her body. On 12th January 2001, her great-aunt Kouao and her boyfriend, Carl Manning, were convicted of murder. The level of cruelty experienced by Victoria was truly horrific, with daily beatings using several different implements. Her final days were spent living and sleeping in an unheated bathroom in the middle of winter, where she was bound hand and foot, lying in her own urine and faeces in a bin bag in the bath. The secretary of State set up the independent statutory inquiry into her death, under the Chairmanship of Lord Laming, in April 2001, to establish under section 81 of the Children Act 89 the concerns with the functions of the local authority social services committees and the way they relate to children. The inquiry wanted to examine the way in which local authorities in respect of their social services functions and identify the services sought or required by, or in respect of Victoria, Marie-Therese and Carl. This section will now aim to analyse and critique the key theme I have identified that emerged from the inquiry report which is lack of accountability right through the organizations to the most senior level and staff not adequately trained in child protection. Lord Laming (2003) points out ‘There were at least 12 key occasions when the relevant services had opportunities to successfully intervene to help Victoria, but had failed to do so.’ Within the Report Lord laming (2003) states ‘That not one of these interventions would have required great skill or made heavy demands on staff, sometimes it needed nothing more than a manager doing their job by asking pertinent questions or taking the trouble to look in a case file.’ He continues to states Lord Laming (2003) ‘There can be no excuse for such sloppy and unprofessional performance.’ As Lord Laming (2003) commented ‘Not one of the agencies empowered by Parliament to protect children in positions such as Victoria’s emerged from the Inquiry with much credit, what happened to Victoria, and her ultimate death, resulted from an inexcusable “gross failure of the system.’ Lord Laming’s (2003) expressed ‘His amazement that nobody in the agencies had the presence of mind to follow what are relatively straightforward procedures on how to respond to a child about whom there is concern of deliberate harm.’ The Inquiry Report (Lord Laming, 2003) highlighted “widespread lack of accountability through the organisations” as the principal reason for the lack of protection afforded to Victoria. Who should be held responsible for these failures? As Webb (2002) states: ‘Lord Laming was clear that it is not the hapless and sometimes inexperienced front-line staff to whom he directs most criticism, but to those in positions of management, including hospital consultants, I think that the performance of people in leadership positions should be judged on how well services are delivered at the front door’. Professor Nigel Parton (2003) points out that ‘Too often in the Inquiry people justify their positions around bureaucratic activities rather than around outcomes for children. Frankly, I would be the very last person to say that good administration is not essential to good practice. Professor Nigel Parton (2003) continues to state that ‘Good administration-and we did not see a lot of it, I have to say-is a means to an end. I cannot imagine in any other walk of life if a senior manager was in charge of an organisation and that organisation was going down the pan-to put it crudely-in terms of sales and performance that someone would say ‘My role is entirely strategic, do not hold me to account for what happens in the organisation’. People who occupy senior positions have to stand or fall by what service is delivered at the front door. The Inquiry Report Lord Laming (2003) highlighted the apparent failure of those in senior positions to understand, or accept, that they were responsible for the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of local services. As Rustin (2010) states Lord Laming pointed to the ‘yawning gap’ in the differing perceptions of the organisation held by front line staff and senior managers. Lord Laming was unequivocal that the failure was the fault of managers whose job it should have been to understand what was happening at their ‘front door.’ As the Report Lord Laming (2003) pointed out, some of those in the most senior positions used the defence “no one ever told me” to distance themselves from responsibility, and to argue that there was nothing they could have done. Rustin (2004) states this was not a view shared by Lord Laming. Rustin (2004) also continues to state that Lord Laming went even further in evidence to us, telling us forcefully that, in his view, accountability of managers was paramount, and that the front line staff were generally doing their utmost. In addition to the fundamental problems of a lack of accountability and managerial control, it was also apparent in the course of the Inquiry Lord Laming (2003) that other failings existed in all aspects of practice. This section will evaluate previous inquiries and how they link to this inquiry and have any lessons been learned from them. As Rustin (2004) states: ‘As with many previous inquiries into child protection failures, Maria Colwell (1973), Jasmine Beckford (1984), Tyra Henry (1984) and Kimberley Carlile (1986) it was clear that the quality of information exchange was often poor, systems were crude and information failed to be passed between hospitals in close proximity to each other. As the Report commented Lord Laming (2003) ‘Information systems that depend on the random passing of slips of paper have no place in modern services’. The evidence from another report, Maria Colwell, who had died in January of 1973 pointed to similar weaknesses, which were found in Victoria’s report these weaknesses were, lack of accountability and staff not adequately trained (Corby et al, 2001). Inquiry reports are sources of evidence to inform social work practice and even though they have many weaknesses within them as illustrated. Professor Nigel Parton (2004) points out that ‘In many respects public inquiries have proved to be the key vehicle through which changes in policy and practice have been brought about over the last thirty years in relation to child protection policy and practice in this country.’ Professor Nigel Parton (2004) continues to point out that ‘Rather than public inquiries being ignored, they have been fundamental to the way child protection operates. In this respect, they are as much a part of the problem as they are the solution.’ Have lessons been learned from the many public inquiries over the previous thirty years. It was as if states Professor Nigel Parton (2004) ‘The frontline professionals, and the key organisations and agencies who have responsibility for children and families were quite incapable of learning the lessons and, crucially, putting these into practice in such a way that such horrendous tragedies could be avoided. It is hoped by many, therefore, that the report by Lord Laming, and the changes brought about as a result, will mean that this will be the last report of its type.’ This section will address the other theme I have highlighted adequate training. The question of adequate training and supervision for staff working in all the relevant agencies were also an issue identified in the Inquiry. Professor Nigel Parton (2004) points out that In Haringey, for example, it was observed that the provision of supervision may have looked good on paper but in practice it was woefully inadequate for many of the front line staff. Professor Nigel Barton (2004) also points out that nowhere was this more evident than in the fact that in the final weeks of Victoria’s life a social worker called several times at the flat where she had been living. There was no reply to her knocks and the social worker assumed, quite wrongly, that Victoria and Kouao had moved away, and took no further action. As the Laming Report (Lord Laming, 2003) commented, ‘It was entirely possible that at the time Victoria was in fact lying just a few yards away, in the prison of the bath, desperately hoping someone might find her and come to her rescue before her life ebbed away’. This section will now look at the failure to implement the legal and political framework within the inquiry report. Lord Laming within the report (Lord Laming 2003) told us that he continued to believe that the Children Act 1989 was “basically sound legislation”. His recommendations do not argue for a major new legislative framework. However, Lord Laming (2003) states he did not believe that the Act was being implemented in the way that had been envisaged for it, and, in his view, there was “a yawning gap at the present time between the aspirations and expectations of Parliament and the certainty of what is delivered at the front door”. Rustin (2004) states ‘In the absence of adequate managerial accountability, front line workers were obliged to make crucial strategic decisions, for example about the use of the Children Act, and between using sections 17 and 47 (relating respectively to a child in need, and a child in need of protection)’. The sections of the Act had been developed with the intention of as pointed out by Rustin (2004) ‘Of recognising the different needs of children’. How the sections were being applied on the ground however as stated by Lord Laming (2003) is ‘Quite different, far from employing the section of the Act that would best meet the needs of the particular child and their circumstances, what they were actually doing was using these sections to restrict access to services and to limit the availability of services to people’. The Children Act, Lord Laming (2003) argued to us ‘Should be about promoting the well-being of children, not about putting labels around people’s neck’. Lord Laming (2003) went on to suggest that ‘Front line workers were being forced into making decisions that should properly have rested with management and policy decisions’. This raised major questions about the role of public services and the basic principles that should underpin them, as (Lord Laming 2003) stated ‘We need to stand back and say that we need to discover the basic principle that the public services are there to serve the public, not just some of the public and not just some people who can get through eligibility criteria, or who are sufficiently persistent’. Therefore services must be more accessible and they must be more in tune with their local communities. If, as Lord Laming believes Kirton (2009, p.17) states ‘The Victoria Climbié case was not unique, but highlighted widespread and major deficiencies in the implementation of the Children Act, this raises issues that Government should address.’ I believe that the Children Act 1989 remains essentially sound legislation. However, there is concern as pointed out by Professor Nigel Parton (2004) ‘That the provisions of the Act which sought to ensure an appropriate response to the differing needs of children are being applied inappropriately, used as a means of rationing access to services, and have led to section 17 cases being regarded as having low priority.’ The Laming Inquiry (Lord Laming 2003) recommended that consideration should be given to unifying the Working Together guidance and the National Assessment Framework guidance into a single document, setting out clearly how the sections of the Act should be applied, and giving clear direction on action to be taken under sections 17 and 47. Within this section I will discuss the ethical framework. It is important to include the issues of social class and gender, which were not evident in the Victoria Climbié inquiry. However, it is issues around ethnicity and race that are more evident. However, the diversity referred to is incredibly complex. This is illustrated at various points states Webb (2002) For example: ‘At the time Victoria’s case was handled in Brent, all the duty social workers had received their training abroad and were on temporary contracts. (In Brent) at least 50 per cent of social workers time was spent working on cases of unaccompanied minors.’ As Webb (2002) states ‘There was evidence that Haringey has one of the most diverse populations in the country, with 160 different languages spoken locally, a long tradition of travellers settling in the borough and a high proportion of asylum-seeking families (9 percent of the total population).’ Within the report Lord Laming (2003) points out that ‘In relation to all the London boroughs involved there were high levels of poverty and deprivation, diverse ethnic, cultural, linguistic backgrounds, as well as the diverse backgrounds of the workers themselves.’ In many respects, it seems Victoria’s situation was not unique in these respective boroughs. Webb (2002) indicated ‘The impact of increased global mobility, more specifically the rapid increase in asylum-seeking families, together with the diverse backgrounds of the workers themselves increasingly seems to characterise work in many metropolitan areas.’ This has a particular impact states Webb (2002) ‘On the nature, stability and cohesion of local communities.’ It is worth noting that, compared to the Maria Colwell case, no referrals are noted in the Victoria Climbié case from neighbours or other members of the community apart from the ‘child minder’ Mrs Cameron. We are not simply talking about diversity here but incredible complexity. Kirton (2009) argues that ‘Not only does it pose major linguistic challenges but also it poses major challenges for statutory departments in relation to the familial and cultural identities of those with whom they work and to whom they have responsibility.’ Issues around racism are clearly important here, however they cannot be reduced to a simple black and white community and cultural divide. This section will reflect on the implications of evidence-informed practice (EIP) and the usefulness of the inquiry to inform the development of future social work practice. Often, in hindsight, those who put people at risk are blamed for the misfortune and harm they cause. (Kirton, 2009) This is arguably the most signi¬cant professional context in which EIP has emerged. According to Munro (1998) ‘Social workers rely on vague assessments and predictions, rather than considering what is more or less probable. In everyday life decisions have to be made on a limited evidence base and professional decisions are also at best problematic’. There are numerous unexpected and complex outcomes in social work, many of which rest on having to make judgments under conditions of uncertainty. (Kirton, 2009) The main problems associated with making effective decisions in social work as stated by Kirton (2009) include: risk and uncertainty, intangibles, long-term implications, interdisciplinary input and the politics of different vested interests pooled decision making and value judgments. Decision analysis has developed as a statistical technique to help overcome these kinds of problems. Decision analysis is closely related to risk assessment and actuarial practices. Evidence-informed practice and policy are self-explanatory. They involve the adoption of evidence-based protocols and use local standards for conducting social work practice and developing organizationally speci¬c policies. (Webb, 2002) It has been suggested that evidence-informed protocols feed directly into the practitioner context to provide guidelines for carrying out EIP. Essentially evidence-informed practice and policy in social work will entail the explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the social care of service users. This de¬nition is widely used and derived from Sackett et al.’s ‘Evidence-based Medicine’ (1996). A pragmatic approach as stated by Sackett (1996) ‘Has been adopted here, which regards the practice of evidence as integrating practitioner expertise with the best available external evidence from systematic but multiple research methods.’ The implementation model outlined is the idea that the practice-based process begins with the evidence rather than the individual or groups of clients. Clearly the application of evidence-informed practice and policies will be governed by the economic scope of social work agencies in terms of resources and the development of an evidence-informed infrastructure. (Kirton, 2009) Sackett (1996) points out that ‘At a local level it will also be dependent on incremental learning and accumulative professional development which are likely to be facilitated by the practice research networks and evidence-based brie¬ngs discussed above.’ In this essay I have analysed and critiqued two key themes from the inquiry, lack of accountability right through the organizations to the most senior level and staff not, adequately trained in child protection. I have also analysed and critique these themes in relation to agency policy, legal requirements, research, practitioner knowledge and the voice of the service user. I have linked previous inquiries and discussed have we learned any lessons from these inquiries. I identified the failure to implement a legal, ethical and political framework to inform current best practice will. I also reflected on the implications of evidence informed practice and how this will inform future social work practice. A closing quote to finish from the Secretary of State, Alan Milburn (2003) “It has felt as if Victoria has attended every step of this inquiry, and it has been my good fortune to have had the assistance of colleagues whose abilities have been matched by their commitment to the task of doing justice to Victoria’s memory and her enduring spirit, and to creating something positive from her suffering and ultimate death.”
Introduction The introduction of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 which came into force in October 2010 brought a significant change through a new defence of loss of self-control which replaced the defence of provocation. The defence of provocation was existed at common law and was guided by the Homicide Act 1957. However, before the enactment of the 2009 Act only provocation not the fear of violence was considered as partial defence of loss of control.[1] But the 2009 Act includes both provocation and apprehension of serious violence as partial defence of loss of control. Both defences have the similarity of reducing the charge of murder to manslaughter when it is proved that the defendant (D) had committed the murder as he was so provoked or lost his self-control. Thus, it is a partial defence only applicable to murder if committed. While the previous defence of provocation required one subjective and one objective question to be answered to find the extent of criminal liability, sec. 54 (1) requires two subjective and one objective question to be answered in finding criminal liability.[2] The aim of my discussion will be thus to find out whether the court’s interpretation of these subjective and objective requirements of partial defence have been correctly balanced or not in assessing criminal liability. In doing so, my discussion will go through academic’s views as well as various case studies and journals/articles reviews. Subjective and Objective requirements Two questions were asked to the defence of provocation prior to the inception of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009; the subjective question was whether the defendant was provoked to lose his self-control and objective question was whether a reasonable man would have committed the same act in the same situation by losing his temper (Allen, 2015).[3] This requirement was derived from the interpretation of the s. 3 of the Homicide Act 1957. However, s. 54 (1) of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 sets out the main elements of the partial defence of loss of control. S. 54 (1) (a) and (b) represent the subjective elements which requires that D must have lost self-control due to qualifying trigger and (c) represent the objective element which requires whether a person of same sex and age of D with normal degree of tolerance and self-restraint would have committed the same act in the same situation.[4] Main Body of Analysis While according to S. Parsons (2015) the Act has been drafted poorly and may not provide intended outcome as he believes the new Act is very restrictive[5], Allen (2015) believes that we should wait for longer time to get the best out of the Act.[6] Horder (2016) stated that the 2009 Act brought significant changes to the law of partial defences.[7] He discussed while the term ‘provocation’ has been replaced by ‘loss of control’ in s. 54 of the 2009 Act, it retains the concept of provocation in a way that such loss of self-control generates from a qualifying trigger when D has a justifiable sense of being seriously wronged (the anger trigger) due to things done or said (or both) to him in an extremely grave situation and has an apprehension of serious violence (the fear trigger) from V.[8] However, according to s. 54 (4) and 55 (6) (a,b) such loss of self-control will not be counted if D acts in vengeance or incite V to provoke him so that he can commit the offence.[9] This has been affirmed in the judgement of Clinton (2012).[10] Horder suggests that these are restatement of ancient common law doctrines which restrict the defence being misused.[11] But S. Parsons believes that now the threshold for the loss of control is very high compared to previous law of provocation as now it has be overwhelmed.[12] S. 54 (2) of the 2009 Act states the loss of self-control need not be sudden any more. According to Allen (2015), this is particularly useful in domestic violence (DV) cases as the requirement of suddenness has now been abolished.[13] Now how the subjective elements could be interpreted today requires a brief explanation of case laws. As mentioned in Horder, the requirement of sudden loss of control was controversial and in many instances this requirement was ignored by judges and juries and it resulted as prejudiced against female D’s.[14] However, he showed his concern on how sec 54 (2) and 54 (4) can be interpreted together. But he further argued that these could be interpreted together based on the circumstantial evidence and provided his consent to the idea of ‘cumulative impact’ derived from Dawes (2013). Horder discussed the cases of Doughty(1986) and Naylor (1987)where he believed the concept of provocation was wrongly applied. He suggested that if those cases were tried today then facts were interpreted in line of the sec. 55 (4) (b) in conjunction with sec. 55 (2). Therefore, the judgements might have been different today as the previous subjective notion of provocation has been replaced by ‘justifiable sense of being seriously wronged’ which were absent in both Doughty and Naylor.[15] Thus it may be argued that now the court’s interpretation has been changed significantly through objective judgmental approach. In terms of the objective consideration, Horder compared the previous law with the new one and found the old concept has been conceptualized in more sophisticated form into the new one.[16] However, he showed his concern regarding the interpretation of the ‘reasonable man’ by the courts and questioned whether a reasonable man would always be reasonable in different situations. In defining reasonable person Keating (2014) seems confused on the meaning of ‘reacted in the same or in a similar way’.[17] While according to S. Parsons objective standard has now been conservative, Keating discussed the issue in line of Lord Nicholls’s comment on AG for Jersey v Holley. The previous slippery precedents must now be set aside and read the reasonable man in accordance with s. 54 (1) (c) that is jury should not consider D’s psychological make-up, the term ‘reasonable’ or ‘ordinary’ has been dropped from the new Act. Therefore, ‘a person’ should be considered according to D’s sex and age.[18] Alan Norrie (2010) argued while there are some discrepancies in defining ‘person’ considering D’s age and sex with a normal degree of tolerance and self-restraint (objective consideration), it would be better for the juries to deploy objective reasonableness test.[19] While he shows how sex could play a role in the new law nonetheless he agreed that this objective requirement of D’s sex and age is correct in deciding criminal liability. A 12-year-old boy’s act cannot be compared with that of an adult male. The subjective requirement of s. 55 (3) that is loss of control due to fear of serious violence also opens the gate to law for abused women and it also covers overreaction as well as pre-emption. Thus, the law according to Norrie is rightly balanced. However, Horder argued that wording of s. 55 (4) (a) makes the objective requirement very clear that D’s loss of self-control defence will not be considered unless supported by an extreme grave character where he was forced to commit the offence of murder.[20] This line of argument had resonance in Baroness Scotland’s speech in 2008-09 in the parliamentary debate on the issue of what would be considered as exceptionally grave and suggested that it must be judged through context. In Morhall (cited in Horder (2016)), the House of Lords held every single matter should be considered to find the strength of provocation. And Horder suggested that this approach remain same in the new law.[21] While s. 55 (6) (c) of the 2009 Act concerned sexual infidelity is to be disregarded, in Clinton it was held by the Court of Appeal that if sexual infidelity is a part of the whole context then it should be taken into account.[22] Therefore, there is a need of objective evaluation of the whole situation case by case basis. In discussing D’s loss of self-control which is a subjective in nature, Herring (2016) argues in line with Jewell (2014) and concludes that it is something which severely impairs one’s powers to restrain from acting and impede normal reasoning.[23] To his view, this subjective notion plays a minor role rather the court would emphasize on the qualifying trigger mechanism if there is no sign of acting out of revenge or incitement on D’s part. To his view, the new Act has significantly narrowed the scope of the laws of loss of self-control as now there must be a trigger to lose self-control. While the fear of serious violence need not be in reality or even if D believes that his child is going to be harmed by V, then D can rely on this. The qualifying trigger of ‘being seriously wronged’ must be judged objectively case by case basis as now the threshold is very high. Herring finds the objective consideration of ‘person’ very problematic. However, s. 54 (1) (c) is such that jury must consider D’s act in the given situation. In the following three cases such as R v Dawes, R v Hatter and R v Bowyer the court had rightly interpreted the subjective and objective considerations of the partial defence of loss of control in line with s. 54 and 55 of the 2009 Act.[24] Conclusion Just after ten years of the enactment of the new Act, we cannot come to a definitive conclusion that there is balance between subjective and objective requirements in assessing criminal liability. But as suggested by different scholars, the new Act makes the subjective and objective requirements very precise. Therefore, it should be given more time to get the best out of it. As there are some confusion regarding subjective and objective requirements of the Act[25], it is now up to the government whether they will go for reform or give more time to see the outcome of the Act.[26] Bibliography Primary Materials Books Jeremy Horder, Ashworth’s Principles of Criminal Law (8th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2016) Michael J. Allen, Textbook on Criminal Law (13th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2015) HM Keating, SR Kyd, T Elliott

“Horton Hears a Who” , 400 words

“Horton Hears a Who” , 400 words. I’m studying and need help with a Social Science question to help me learn.

1. Why is Horton labeled “deviant” in the story?
2. Use the three elements of constructionism to discuss Horton’s “deviance.”
Relativism – Discuss context as it relates to Horton’s “deviance.”
Subjectivism – How does Horton experience being labeled “deviant?”
Voluntarism – How does Horton express his free will in making the choice to save Whoville?
3. Use the symbolic interactionist perspective to explain the different responses to the dust speck in the story (what does the dust speck mean to the different characters). Note the consequences for the characters based on their interpretation of this symbol.
4. Consider labeling theory…
Which characters are the labelers? How are they depicted? How do they ensure that Horton is labeled “deviant (hint: a form of informal social control)?”
5. Chambliss’ legal reality theory suggests that those who enforce the law (police, prosecutors, judges) are essentially working to protect the interests…political, economic, moral…interests of those belonging to the dominant power structure. What we see here is that the powerless are not treated equally under the law (law in action/law on the books).
Who are the enforcers in the story? Why do you think it’s so easy for them to condemn Horton to being “roped & caged?” Can you think of a current social issue where a powerless group has been demonized by the powerful & mainstream thinkers who don’t question the those in power? How likely is it that Jane Kangaroo would have been treated the same as Horton? Explain your answer.
6. Ultimately, the Whos save themselves by rising up & being heard. Do you believe that speaking out, ie. protesting for stricter gun control, professional football players taking a knee during the National Anthem, Black Lives Matter… can make a difference the U.S. today? Please note that these groups are often viewed as social “deviants.”
link: https://www.aristoiclassical.org/apps/video/watch.jsp?v=66737 (Links to an external site.)
“Horton Hears a Who” , 400 words

Two paragraph discussion question on risk taking behaviors seen in adolescence.

essay helper free Two paragraph discussion question on risk taking behaviors seen in adolescence..

Adolescence is the transition period between childhood and adulthood. During this transition, adolescents develop their own sense of identity independent of their caregivers. Relationships with caregivers, teachers, and peers can have an impact on the types of behaviors in which an adolescent engages. In order to establish their sense of identity, adolescents often have to try out new roles and new experiences associated with more adult behaviors, which can sometimes translate into adolescent risk-taking. The personal fable and imaginary audience can contribute to the willingness to engage in risky behavior. A personal fable is when an individual believes he/she is the only one experiencing a feeling; such as, his/her parents do not understand what they are going through. Adolescents preoccupied in their peer groups sometimes develop imaginary audiences because they believe others are constantly judging them. Culture and gender also influence how the adolescent perceives risk-taking behavior. While risk-taking behavior is predominantly perceived as unwanted dangerous behavior, it is not necessarily so. Sexual expression among adolescents need not result in pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases, just as concerns with physical appearance do not always lead to eating disorders or depression.For this Discussion, you will examine risk-taking behaviors by adolescents.To prepare for this Discussion:Review the Learning Resources related to adolescent behaviors.By Day 4Post a description of two adolescent risk-taking behaviors. For each behavior, provide two sources of influence. Then, describe general strategies for mitigating negative risk-taking behavior and explain why you selected these strategies. Justify your response with citations from the Learning Resources/literature. Use proper APA format and citations.
Two paragraph discussion question on risk taking behaviors seen in adolescence.

VIT Securing E Health Systems Using Trusted Virtual Domains Essay

VIT Securing E Health Systems Using Trusted Virtual Domains Essay.

Proposed Title of the Research to be UndertakenExtended AbstractThis is where the extended Abstract is placed. Any extensive research report will usually begin with an extended abstract. You can begin the abstract by placing a copy of your initial abstract here. Use your initial abstract as a scaffold and then beginning by adding more depth to what you have.An abstract is a condensed and concentrated version of the report in about 250-300 words. An extended Abstract is more than just a long abstract, it should contain references to related works and other details not expected in a condensed abstract. The usual elements of an abstract should be there such as motivation, background, approach (methodology), results (though you do not have any results you mat postulate to a certain degree), significance of the study, how it extend the body of knowledge/This should be approx ¾ – 1 page long IntroductionThis Section contains the Introduction for the proposed research report… consider any feedback given and the marking guide used for the previous assignment This does not have to be divided into sub-sections, but can be for clarity. Remember that the introduction leads the reader from the General to the very specific about your research and establishes the scope, context and significance of the research.It does this by summarizing the current understanding, background information, stating the purpose of the work and the research problem, explains briefly the methodological approach, and highlights potential outcomes.You must be careful to keep the narrative flowLength approx. 3 pages ReferencesThis section contains all the references for the report in IEEE format. By now you should have around 20 references to report. These will then be utilized in the Literature Review in the next assessment.
VIT Securing E Health Systems Using Trusted Virtual Domains Essay

MGT 312 SEU Elements of Good Judgment how To Improve Decision Making Summary

MGT 312 SEU Elements of Good Judgment how To Improve Decision Making Summary.

I’m working on a Management multi-part question and need a reference to help me study.

No plagiarism, Make it 0%.You can find the instructions in the file. Follow it.Please do your best. ThanksThe Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.Late submission will NOT be accepted.Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.
MGT 312 SEU Elements of Good Judgment how To Improve Decision Making Summary

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