Module 3 AssignmentInstructions for this AssignmentFor this discussion, you will write a literature review containing references to 5 academic articles. It is very important that these writings are academic: please refer to the “what is an academic source” article in this module. Your literature review must focus on the research question you identified in the previous module. The each annotation must be between 100 and 200 words, not including the list of citations.Submission FormatYour paper should be double-spaced and include a centered title. Any sources used should be properly cited in MLA, APA, or APSA format.Research Question: How lack of enough
resources in schools is affecting early childhood education?
Module 3 Assignment
of Plastics and Toxic Chemicals Must End By Marty Mulvihill, Gretta Goldenman and Arlene Blum
Please provide MLA format citation https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_formatting_and_style_guide/mla_formatting_and_style_guide.html SUMMARY *what is the overall point or main idea; what is this information about? *describe the controversy embedded in the material; what is the debate concerning? ANALYSIS *consider the writer’s purpose and tone `–reflecting on personal experience -sharing opinion -attempting to persuade readers -sharing information in order to take action -use of humor /authoritative or conversational tone? (could be a combination of these) *Where did the writer get or obtain this information? -observation of social trends/behavior of others/ social phenomena -personal experience -research data; reference sources; review of policies/reports -interviews *Why did the writer consider this topic of controversy (why is it relevant/significant now?) RESPONSE *What is your opinion? –reflect about this topic/point of view/ ideas or situations described—and explain briefly your own understanding regarding this matter. *Is this article interesting or effective (even if you do not agree with the opinion presented?)
How Should the United States Respond to the Expansion of China’s Military Force? Essay
order essay cheap The military and economic growth of China is a cause for concern among many policy-makers and military planners in the United States. In particular, it is a regarded a threat to security and geopolitical interests of the country. O verall, American political and military leaders should accept the idea that international politics may soon become bipolar or many-polar which means that other countries, including China may acquire a higher degree of influence (Yeisley 2011, 57). However, bipolar politics should not be treated as a form of rivalry or opposition because this attitude will eventually undermine the security policies of the United States as well as other countries. First, it should be noted that in the early eighties China was viewed as a country that could counterbalance the Soviet influence in Asia. The United States helped the Chinese government modernize its army and adopt more advanced technologies (Pollack 2007, p. 638). Yet, at that point the country could not match American military capabilities, and there were no noticeable threats to the interests of the United States. The situation began to change after the end of the Cold War. At that time, many policy-makers believed that the military and geopolitical supremacy of the United States could not be challenged. The officials of the People’s Liberation Army began to pay attention to such aspects air force, the use of information technologies, missiles, intelligence, and naval strength (Pollack 2007, p. 642). In this regard, one can certainly mention China naval modernization. For example, the country acquired and constructed nuclear power submarines that have very low noise levels (O’Rourke 2012, p. 12). Moreover, China purchased various types of air-craft carriers, frigates, and fighter jets (Bitzinger 2011, p. 12). Overall, this tendency indicates that China may soon become a state able to oppose the military force of the United States. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Thus, American policy-makers and military planners should develop their future strategies that can protect the interests of the country. Political scientists believe that both states should avoid retreating into self-protective positions (Pollack 2007, p. 649). In other words, the governments of both countries should not assume that the United States and China will eventually come into military conflict. Such policy will only pose a greater threat to the security of both states as well as neighboring countries. The relations between the United States and China should not be considered as a zero-sum game in which one player can win only if the other one loses (Kaplan 2008, p. 189). Instead, American politicians should strive for a form of partnership with China so that both countries were obliged to act as responsible stakeholders ensuring the security in Asia and other regions of the world. For example, both these states want to limit the nuclear capabilities of North Korea (Richardson 2006, p. 129). This example shows that there are common objectives that the United States and China may want to achieve. There are several reasons why military planners and political leaders should not place too much emphasis on the rivalry between these states. First, these countries are interdependent economic agents. China’s economic growth is largely determined by the presence of American investors and companies act as employers (Chen
Shakespeare’s Plays: A Tale Of Betrayal
Literary works; be they plays, short stories, or novels, usually describe events with a view to presenting various themes to audiences. Such works build on their respective themes based on the individual characters’ actions, experiences, dispositions, or utterances. Like a typical literary work, William Shakespeare’s 17th century Antony and Cleopatra play presents audiences with a number of significant themes. For instance, through the play, Shakespeare builds on the themes of betrayal as well as the clash between emotion and reason. To begin with, the playwright describes different characters’ actions to construct a theme of betrayal that pervades the entire play. Notably, Mark Antony’s act of abandoning his motherland of Rome depicts betrayal on the part of this character against both Antony’s wife as well as his country. Moreover, Antony betrays his commitment to Cleopatra by marrying Octavia. Conversely, Menas betrays Antony, Lepidus, and Caesar by suggesting that Pompey kill the trio. Further, Lepidus and Caesar betray Antony by going to war against Pompey in contravention of an earlier pact made with Antony. Conversely, Cleopatra betrays Antony by leaving him exposed to Caesar’s troops in two separate instances. Further, by entertaining the message that Caesar has sent through a messenger, Cleopatra betrays her affection for Antony. In another instance, Cleopatra pretends to be dead, thus eventually hurting Antony. This apparent death, though well intentioned, amounts to betrayal of Antony by Cleopatra. On the other hand, Ahenobarbus betrays Antony by deserting Antony when the latter is at his most vulnerable point in life. As if to literally turn tables, Cleopatra herself endures betrayal from both Caesar as well as her own treasurer. For instance, the treasurer lies to Caesar that Cleopatra has hidden some of Cleopatra’s riches, thus inviting Caesar to mistreat Cleopatra. This deception, coming from among one’s closet servants, constitutes great betrayal. On his part, Caesar betrays the pact he has entered into with Cleopatra by intending to use her as a demonstration of his war prowess. Such a malicious and shameful act eventually pushes Cleopatra to take her own life, thus escaping the potential shame that would result from Caesar’s mean act (Fawkner 79). Regarding the clash between emotion and reason, this theme plays out in various instances. For example, the remarks that Philo, one of Antony’s friends, makes delineates Antony as someone who has permitted emotion to suppress his power of reason. For instance, Philo remarks ‘but this dotage of our general’s/ O’erflows the measure’ in reference to Antony (Shakespeare 127). All in all, through the Antony and Cleopatra play, Shakespeare builds upon the themes of the conflict between emotions and reason as well as betrayal through various characters’ actions, experiences, and utterances. For example, the theme of betrayal is evident via Antony’s shameful act of neglecting his duties as a co-ruler of Rome to illicitly spend time with Egypt’s beautiful Queen Cleopatra. It is notable that despite being among the three Triumvirs who rule over Rome, Antony controversially finds time to enjoy time with Cleopatra. Such an act amounts to Antony’s disloyalty to Fulvia, one of his wives, as well as to his Roman government of which he is an integral part. In addition, Antony’s act of marrying Octavia, who is Caesar’s sister, constitutes disloyalty to Cleopatra to whom Antony is already intimate. To illustrate Antony’s offense against Cleopatra, after she learns of Antony’s marriage, Cleopatra becomes very furious. For example, she cries out ‘Some monstrous malefactor. Prithee, friend,/Pour out the pack of matter to mine ear,/ The good and bad together’ (Shakespeare 183).Conversely, Menas’ act of urging Pompey, his military boss, to murder Antony, Caesar, and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus; the three Roman generals, constitutes betrayal. This is because the three Roman co-rulers have entered into a truce with Pompey, thus allowing him (Pompey) to rule over Sardinia and Sicily. Menas’ suggestion thus grossly violates this amicable gentleman’s agreement. In addition, Lepidus and Caesar’s decision of trashing the peace pact that they have entered into with Pompey by fighting against Pompey illustrates betrayal. This is because by engaging Pompey in battle, the two men demonstrate disloyalty to not only Antony, but also to Pompey himself. Antony and Pompey are thus shortchanged by the two men’s unilateral decision. Antony’s fury at his co-rulers’ action clearly illustrates this betrayal. For example, while addressing Caesar, Antony says ‘Nay, nay, Octavia, not only that,–,–but he hath waged/ New wars ‘gainst Pompey’ (Shakespeare 173). On the other hand, Cleopatra’s decision to flee from the battle of Actium, thus leaving Antony’s forces vulnerable to Caesar’s attacks, illustrates betrayal. This is because Cleopatra is well aware of the inherent deficiency in Antony’s troops while fighting at sea but instead abandons Antony at the hour of need. Further, Cleopatra had willingly pledged support for Antony and his troops only to later expose him to Caesar’s troops. To illustrate, Antony’s ‘Give me a kiss; even this repays me’ phrase demonstrates his disappointment with Cleopatra’s disloyal behavior (Shakespeare 194). Further, Cleopatra’s behavior of engaging in petty talk with Caesar’s messenger, who seeks to win over Cleopatra to Octavian’s side, demonstrates her betrayal of her love for Antony. To demonstrate his dissatisfaction with this apparent betrayal, Antony orders that Caesar’s messenger be flogged. Further, Antony at some time laments that ‘This foul Egyptian hath betrayed me’ while referring to Cleopatra (Shakespeare 197). Apart from Cleopatra, Ahenobarbus, who has been Antony’s staunchest supporter, also betrays Antony. This disloyalty becomes evident when Ahenobarbus has the idea that Antony’s political career is coming to a close after Caesar’s almost successful attempts to woo Cleopatra to his side. Ahenobarbus thus defects to Caesar’s political divide, leaving his former boss. Ahenobarbus thus demonstrates great disloyalty and betrayal to his ideological boss (Deats 168). On the other hand, Cleopatra again betrays Antony by hatching a scheme that she has taken her own life in a bid to rouse Antony’s faded emotions towards her. Although somewhat not ill-intentioned, Cleopatra’s trick proves fatal when, after learning of Cleopatra’s supposed death, Antony attempts to kill himself. Cleopatra’s ploy thus amounts to betrayal for her lover because it makes him to unnecessarily harm himself, eventually dying (Bains 298). On her part, Cleopatra endures betrayal after she falls under Caesar’s authority. This is because Caesar misleads her that he does not intend to take over her wealth while in the real sense he yearns to own Cleopatra’s riches. This deception, which succeeds an otherwise cordial pact between Caesar and Cleopatra that he, will not harm her, amounts to betrayal of Cleopatra’s trust in Caesar’s word. In addition, Cleopatra’s treasurer’s malicious allegation that Cleopatra has hidden some of her riches from Octavian constitutes betrayal on the part of the treasurer. Such betrayal, coupled with the one that Cleopatra faces due to Caesar’s malice, pushes her to ultimately kill herself. Shakespeare thus effectively builds the theme of betray through the conduct of various characters in the Antony and Cleopatra play. On the other hand, through the play, Shakespeare presents his audiences with the theme of the clash between emotion and reason in a number of occasions. For example, Philo, Antony’s friend, regrettably comments that the military general has neglected his duties, instead choosing to spend time with Egypt’s Cleopatra. Further, Philo mentions that Antony has trashed responsibilities which make his (Antony’s) reputation. To demonstrate his ire at Antony’s insensitivity, Philo terms the former’s actions as amounting to stupid ‘dotage’ (Shakespeare 204). In addition, the pointed discourse that Cleopatra and Antony have points to the clash between emotion and reason. For example, the 2 lovers wonder whether their mutual affection can be comprehended and logically explained or if its description remains elusive to mental faculties. To illustrate his destabilized mental physique, Antony remarks ‘Let Rome in Tiber melt, and the wide arch / Of the ranged empire fall’ (Shakespeare 216). This overly unbalanced statement shows that emotion and reason are at conflict. Antony thus feels the urge to resume his duties as a military officer but is at he same time pulled towards Cleopatra on account of her exquisite charm (Eggert 138). For example, Ahenobarbus testifies to Cleopatra’s excellence by asserting that ‘Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale / Her infinite variety: other women cloy / The appetites they feed, but she makes hungry / Where most she satisfies’ (Shakespeare 71). To demonstrate his conscious, but ineffective, desire to return to Rome and take on his duties as a military leader, after nonchalantly dismissing Caesar’s messenger, Antony appears to change tact. For example, he reprimands himself on account of his shameful neglect of his motherland (Cahn 299). Further, to demonstrate his apparent resolve to go back to Rome, Antony remarks that he wishes to go back to avoid ‘lose(ing) (him) self in dotage’ (Shakespeare 226). Through the play, Shakespeare thus effectively constructs the theme of the conflict between emotion and reason. In conclusion, as is the custom of most literary works, Shakespeare’s Antony and Cleopatra play constructs a number of significant themes, the most notable being betrayal as well as the class between emotion and reason. Regarding betrayal, the characters of Antony, Cleopatra, Menas, Caesar, Lepidus, Cleopatra’s treasurer, Ahenobarbus, as well as Pompey demonstrate betrayal through the respective actions as well as experiences. For example, Cleopatra betrays Antony by, first, engaging in petty talk with Caesar’s messenger, and secondly, by later abandoning Antony to join Caesar. Further, she betrays Antony by leaving him vulnerable in battle. Cleopatra’s pretentions ploy that she is dead also eventually serves to betray Antony’s love for her. Conversely, Caesar and Lepidus betray both Pompey as well as Antony by warring against Pompey. On the other hand, Menas suggestion that Pompey should murder Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus amounts to a betrayal of the 3 men’s trust in Pompey. Conversely, Antony betrays his wife by marrying Cleopatra. Further, Cleopatra is betrayed by Antony when he becomes intimate with Cleopatra. On her part, Cleopatra herself is betrayed by both Caesar and her treasurer. Concerning the clash between emotion and reason, Cleopatra and Antony’s actions as well as utterances demonstrate this conflict. For example, at one point, Antony seems to value his role as a Roman military official through his words. At other times, Antony seems to have completely permitted his emotions and passions to guide his activities. At the latter times, Antony even seems to have verbally relinquished his position as a high-ranking Roman government official, instead preferring company with Cleopatra. Works Cited Bains, Y. S. Antony and Cleopatra: An Annotated Bibliography. Mortimer Street, London : Taylor
Rasmussen College Construct Valuation Models Other
Rasmussen College Construct Valuation Models Other.
For this assignment, answer the following questions in one spreadsheet (do both parts in one Excel file). You will create your own Excel file from scratch, but you are welcome to use the sample spreadsheet in this module as the starting point.Requirements for All PartsChoose any methodology you prefer.Label question numbers.Keep the inputs, calculations, and outputs in separate sections.Do not hard-code numbers into formulas cells (i.e., do not paste the value of an output cell into a function argument of another input cell).For 2a and 5b, write an explanation for each answer. Enter your answers in a text box.Part 1: Bond ValuationAn annual bond has a face value of $1,000 and makes an annual coupon payment of $12. The discount rate per year is 4.37%, and the years to maturity is 8. What is the price of this bond?Suppose a bond has a face value of $1,000, an annual coupon rate of 5.0%, a yield to maturity of 9.0% (quoted as an APR), makes 2 coupon payments per year, and 4 years to maturity. What is the price of this bond?
When the bond price above the face value, it’s trading at a premium, or above par. If the price is below the face value, it’s trading at a discount, or below par. If your calculated price is above par, why would you still consider purchasing the bond? If your price is below par, why would you hesitate to buy this one? Explain.Given the four variables below, find the face value of the bond.Part 2: Equity ValuationABC pays a dividend of $0.56 per share in the coming year. The stock trades at $45.50 per share at the end of the year. The required rate of return is 6.80%. What dividend yield and capital gain rate can you expect?Suppose a stock pays a dividend per share of $43.37. You project the future dividend growth rates over the next 5 years to be:
Year012345Dividend Growth Rate–21.0%18.0%15.0%13.5%11.5%After 5 years, the rate will be a constant 11%. The rate of equity return is 13.4%.
What is the stock’s value?Similar to bond valuation, stocks can be traded at a discount (undervalued) or a premium (overvalued). What factors could cause the stock to be overvalued? Undervalued? Explain.
Rasmussen College Construct Valuation Models Other