Guidelines for the assignment:Ensure that you follow the APA style in your project and references.The minimum number of required references is 5.Your project report length Part 1 & Part 2 should be between 2500 to 3000 words in total. You must check the spelling and grammar mistakes before submitting the assignment.Up to 20% of the total grade will be deducted for providing a poor structure of assignment. The structure includes these elements paper style, free of spelling and grammar mistakes, referencing and word count.Question : Project Report Structure: Part 2 Analysis of Existing System (5 marks).Analyze the key problems of the existing system used by the company. Also discuss the Information Systems used within the company for example:Possible Solutions and Suggestions for the company (1 mark).What are your suggestions to help the organization in solving the key problems. Conclusion (1.5 mark).References (0.5 mark). Transaction processing systems (TPS)Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) SystemsFunctional Area Information SystemsBusiness intelligenceDSS Hint: You can discuss any points that you learned in this course and its related to your selected organization Summarize your report Use APA referencing style format. Note: So please do only the part 2 only based on part 1 that already done by my colleague.
MIS 201 Saudi Electronic University Saudi Aramco Project Report Structure Paper
Accounting Essays – Management Accounting Techniques
Accounting Essays – Management Accounting Techniques. Critically discuss the difference between activity based costing and throughput accounting. Changing external business environment has resulted in further developments in the tools and techniques used for management accounting. Traditional management accounting techniques had certain limitations associated with them, for instance, absorption costing methods have been found to be inappropriate in the modern environment. Similarly, standard costing’ suitability with respect to its general philosophy and detailed operations has come under severe criticism. It is believed that traditional management accounting performance measures can produce the wrong type of response. As a response to the limitations of traditional accounting techniques, activity based approaches has gained significant repute. The following paper will evaluate the activity based costing approach and attempt to highlight the inherent differences between activity based costing and throughput accounting approach. In the case of activity based approaches, the focus is on the activities that the business carries out as opposed to how the activities have traditionally been organised into separate functions. Activity based costing was thus developed because it was realised that older methods like absorption costing, which used labour hours as the basis for absorbing overheads, did not provide useful information about the cost drivers, in other words it did not answer for the question what was causing the overheads to be incurred in the first place. Generally, Activity Based Costing (ABC) is defined as an accounting technique that allows an organization to determine the actual cost associated with each product and service produced by the organization without regard to the organizational structure. Amongst various benefits associated with the ABC approach one of the major ones is that it helps to define the activities of the organisation in terms of value adding activities. In other words, as a result of ABC it is easy to identify which activities add value to the organisation. Identification of non-value adding activities helps in identifying where time, effort and money are being wasted and unnecessary costs being incurred. Advantages associated with activity-based approach are many. More generally it is said that activity based costing recognises the inherent complexities faced by many businesses in the present day, which results in the businesses having multiple cost drivers, many of them are transaction based rather than volume based.. These complexities arise due to businesses now having a broader product range and the business environment in general is more volatile and unpredictable. It is further argued that activity based analysis provides a more meaningful analysis of costs which provide a better basis for pricing decisions, product mix decisions, design decisions and production decisions. Besides activity based analysis is concerned with all overhead costs, including the costs of the non-factory floor functions (product design, quality control, production planning, sales order planning and customer service) and not just factory-floor overheads; thus it takes cost accounting beyond the traditional factory floor boundaries. In addition activity based costing helps in identifying the causes of increases in costs and thus it further helps in reducing costs. ABC can be used in conducting customer profitability analysis. Despite the advantages associated with activity based costing a number of criticisms have been identified. Theorists have argued that the costs of obtaining and interpreting the new information may be time consuming activity, thus it has been suggested that activity based analysis must only be introduced when there are provisions in the organisation to manage information to use in planning and/or control decisions. Secondly, it has been criticised on the grounds that many overheads do not relate either to volume or to complexity and diversity. Severe criticisms were also raised with the underlying principle of ABC, which is that activity causes cost. Proponents of this viewpoint argue that decisions cause cost or the passage of time causes costs or that there may not be any one clear cause of cost. Throughput accounting is an alternative to cost accounting based on Standard or Activity Based Costing (ABC) proposed by Eliyahu M. Goldratt. Throughput accounting claims to improve management decisions by using measurements that more closely reflect the effect of decisions on three critical monetary variables. It has originated from the Theory of constraints. Throughput accounting is an approach to accounting, which is largely in sympathy with the Just-In-Time philosophy. In essence, Throughput Accounting assumes that a manager has a given set of resources available. These comprise of existing buildings, capital equipment and labour force. Using these resources, purchased materials and parts must be processed to generate sales revenue. Thus, according to Goldratt and Cox (1984), given the above scenario, the most appropriate financial objective to set for doing this is the maximisation of throughput, which is defined as, sales revenue less direct material cost. According to Noreen et. al (1995), there are three building blocks in Goldratt’s theory namely, throughput1, operating expenses2 and assets3 (Goldratt 1990). and Profit is measured by throughput minus operating expenses and profitability by profits divided by assets. (GoldrattAccounting Essays – Management Accounting Techniques
“Continental Drift” a Book by Russell Bank Term Paper
programming assignment help Table of Contents Introduction Economic Imbalance Unemployment Poor Livelihood Conclusions Reference Introduction In his book Continental drift, Russell Bank reveals some very important facts that have developed and caused very major differences between distinct parts and societies in the world. He narrates the life encounters that two main characters underwent in their quest to escape their poor conditions that they viewed as having originated from their locality and their overall society. Hence, they chose to migrate to a different continent that was more developed and economically stable and which they thought was a land of opportunities (Banks, 1994). The two characters undergo different experiences and to their disappointment they never realize their life dreams. In the contrast, they encounter very hard and humiliating experiences that are a result of their disadvantaged condition especially financially, in skills and even in the lines of race and language, causing them to lack proper employment and to be subjected to such unfortunate circumstances as poor livelihood, inequality, injustice and economic imbalance. At the end of the day, the two characters end up in more trouble than what they had previously escaped and even Bob loses his life, leaving his family with only an option of going back home a very helpless and poor family (Banks, 1994). In this book, Banks (1994) illustrates different social factors that have developed as a result of the drifts and separations in races and societies. He compares such differences to the physical drifts between continents, as illustrated by the theory of the drift of the continents, where different continents gained distinct features resulting to even more differences in facts such as the climate and natural resources. In the same way, the differences in locality, cultures and even development factors have resulted to creation of distinct features between societies resulting to the many characteristics of those societies. This is even more elaborate in the economic activities and factors of the societies. This is clearly shown in the narrations made by Banks in the novel (Banks, 1994). Economic Imbalance There were very distinct differences in economic factors between New Hampshire and Florida. First, New Hampshire was still at its development stage and hence was a developing country. However, Florida was one of the main stopping points in the USA, a developed country, and was marked by a high level of economic stability, high living standards, great economic and business opportunities and even high literacy levels that caused the society to have a lot of experiences associated to the modern world (Banks, 1994). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More After Bob moved from his country to the state of Florida, he was expecting to have a grip in all the opportunities and advantageous experiences in that state. However, he did not have enough qualifications academically and financially to thrive in that society as he was required to have a lot of capital to start any successful business as well as having a high income to meet with the expectations of the economy due to the high standards of living. At the end, Bob couldn’t match the expectations and ended up desperate with a lot of poverty. His family was not spared either and they lived from hand to mouth without good housing or any reliable source of income (Banks, 1994).. On the other side, Vanise had moved to Florida hoping for better opportunities since this state seemed more economically stable than her country and was also a land full of opportunities. However, she also lacked the expected qualifications in terms of race, education and skills and hence ended up not getting an opportunity to achieve any of her dreams (Banks, 1994). Unemployment There was a high level of employment in Florida compared to New Hampshire and other developing countries. Therefore Florida seemed to be a land of opportunities for many foreigners especially the ones coming from the developing world. Thus, it was a good reason for Bob to leave his country in search of better opportunities for employment (Banks, 1994). However, there were so many bureaucracies and long procedures required for one to be legally employed in the developed states such as Florida. Therefore, it proved to be very hard for Bob and other foreigners to get employment opportunities. They also faced a stiff competition from the people in Florida since they were highly qualified with very good education offered in their country. The best job opportunities landed on the people who were better qualified, and therefore it was a real struggle for Bob as opposed to his expectations for easier employment opportunities (Banks, 1994). It is the same case for Vanise who left Haiti and went to Florida hoping for more opportunities and a better livelihood got her into a worse situation than what she was actually running from. Actually, she came to realize that there was a great disparity in those who actually benefited from the opportunities and the goodies of the land. Such benefits were dependent on different factors such as race, education level and gender amongst others. We will write a custom Term Paper on “Continental Drift” a Book by Russell Bank specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Hence, as a foreign immigrant who was also not very educated and actually a woman as far as gender was concerned, she found herself losing a lot to her society and ended up a very helpless without a good employment yet with a lot of financial needs that plunged her deeper into the poverty pit (Banks, 1994). Poor Livelihood There were some distinct and apparent differences in the different societies that were involved in the narrations for the main characters. One of the major differences was in the context of the differences in the living standards of the people in those societies. This includes different factors such as their housing, education levels, cultural practices and activities as well as different indicators of development and modernity (Banks, 1994). It was clear that Bob and his family were used to poor living standards in their original home in New Hampshire. In fact, there was such a great difference in the living standards between the two states such that Bob found it very wise and desirable to migrate from his state to Florida. This way, he hoped to acquire more opportunities and finally be able to meet his life dreams coming true. However, to his disappointment, he realized when it was too late that a lot of factors determine if one was able to venture into the modernized world and enjoy all its benefits or whether one was left behind to suffer more loss and consequences of lack of knowledge, skills and other factors that determined the class of the individual in the society. The high class and the low class in that society were determined by the individual’s gender, race and academic level amongst other factors (Banks, 1994). In the same way, Vanise had earlier on decided that she only required changing from her locality and engaging in the life of Florida so as to be able to become more successful and hence realize her dreams. She considered Haiti life a life that was of very low standards compared to the life in Florida. Even though her assumptions were right, she was shocked to realize that she could not have been able to achieve her dreams or even to access any of the opportunities that she had hoped to access. She was hence left in a very bad and unfortunate situation where she completely lacked a formal employment that would have helped cater for her and her family. This situation actually revealed the great challenge of racism, low education levels for immigrants and even poor living standards for immigrants who moved to Florida hoping for more opportunities there (Banks, 1994). Conclusions The narration by Banks reveals a lot of differences that originate from the differences in localities and cultures of different societies just as there were differences that amounted from the physical drift of the continents during the time when continents drifted (Banks, 1994). These differences are more revealed in the areas of employment, economic balance and even the living standards amongst other factors. All these factors were clearly illustrated in the narrations as the main characters undergo different experiences and challenges in their quest to free themselves from their poor and lowly standards of living. Not sure if you can write a paper on “Continental Drift” a Book by Russell Bank by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference Banks, R. (1994). Continental Drift. New York: Harper Perennial.
Padmasambhava’ Effects on Buddhist Beliefs Essay
1) Padmasambhava arrived in Tibet with Buddhist beliefs that he had learnt in India. He found Tibetans practising rituals and ceremonies according to Bon religion. These were conducted by priests and priestesses. Deities were believed to occupy all spaces, from the earth to the sky (Kozak, 2011). Kozak (2011) discusses that Padmasambhava built a monastery at Samye (A.D. 749) to aid his mission. He assisted in translating “Buddhist scriptures into Tibetan, and educated the populace about Buddhist teachings” (Kozak, 2011 p. 34). Bon religion believed in many gods. Padmasambhava came at a time when the Bon religion believed evil spirits were attacking them. Padmasambhava “subdued them and recruited them to the Buddhist camp” (Chattopadhayaya, 1996 p. 236). Later, the blend of the two religions was known as Lamaism. Buddhists in Tibet integrated ancient practices of the Bon religion. “Rites of sacrifice, exorcism, and ransom” were absorbed into Tibetan Buddhism (Philip
University of the Cumberlands Cloud Computing & Qualitative Research Discussion
University of the Cumberlands Cloud Computing & Qualitative Research Discussion.
You will review both quantitative and qualitative research. The topic is up to you as long as you choose a peer-reviewed, academic research piece. I suggest choosing a topic that is at least in the same family as your expected dissertation topic so that you can start viewing what is out there. There are no hard word counts or page requirements as long as you cover the basic guidelines. You must submit original work, however, and a paper that returns as a large percentage of copy/paste to other sources will not be accepted. Please use APA formatting and include the following information:Introduction/Background: Provide context for the research article. What led the author(s) to write the piece? What key concepts were explored? Were there weaknesses in prior research that led the author to the current hypothesis or research question?Methodology: Describe how the data was gathered and analyzed. What research questions or hypotheses were the researcher trying to explore? What statistical analysis was used?Study Findings and Results: What were the major findings from the study? Were there any limitations?Conclusions: Evaluate the article in terms of significance, research methods, readability and the implications of the results. Does the piece lead into further study? Are there different methods you would have chosen based on what you read? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the article in terms of statistical analysis and application? (This is where a large part of the rubric is covered.) ReferencesSTRICTLY NO PLAGIARISMSTRICTLY NO PLAGIARISM
University of the Cumberlands Cloud Computing & Qualitative Research Discussion