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Microalgae and Bacteria Municipality Wastewater Treatment Research Paper

Microalgae and Bacteria Municipality Wastewater Treatment Research Paper.

This Essay is for “ Bioprocess Engineering ” class in Bioengineering program Essay topic:A Review on microalgae and Bacteria for municipality wastewater TreatmentThis essay should have less than 5% in plagiarism Minimum number of 20 pages excluding the pages for table content, list of figures, tables, equations, etc. and referencesMinimum of 100 citationsAll references should be listed under the “References” section and provided in PDF format highlighting the parts used in the essayInclude figures, tables, charts, equations, etc in the essayQuality of the material and writing informative essay not any info that increase the number of the wordsClear ideas with sequential paragraphsStrictly follow the same format as of “attached essay sample”The attached sample for the Table of content is “only for your reference but wasn’t written for this essay “I will follow the attached grading scheme to evaluate this essayPlease provide me the Table of Content once you start working on the essay
Microalgae and Bacteria Municipality Wastewater Treatment Research Paper

Table of Contents Summary Main Points Critique Conclusion Reference Summary The article “How to Fight a Price War” by Rao et al (2000), provides business leaders with well-thought out and explicitly discussed strategies on how to deal with the price war without necessarily reducing the prices of products and/or services. The authors illuminate the fact that the price war is increasingly becoming widespread in organizational settings because leaders tend to view a price shift as an effortless, swift, and reversible endeavor. However, leaders need to know that they are endowed with an arsenal of options other than price cuts that they may want to consider so as to remain productive and relevant in today’s competitive business environment. The bulk of the article details these options and strategies. Main Points In their critical discussion, Rao et al (2000) outline the strategies that managers may want to use to fight the price war as follows: taking inventory by understanding the causes and characteristics of the price war through undertaking a critical diagnosis of the market scene, stopping the war before it starts by making sure that competitors not only understand the justification behind your pricing policies, but also the potential consequences of lowering prices, responding with non-price actions such as customer price sensitivities, quality interventions, highlighting of negative consequences related to price reductions, and help-seeking behaviors, using selective pricing actions such as multiple-part pricing, quantity discounts, loyalty programs, time-of-use pricing and bundling, fighting it out with competitors through direct, retaliatory price cuts, retreating by ceding some market share to competitors. Critique The article is a must read for price leaders and other organizational managers engaged in ensuring that their respective organizations remain competitive in the face of extensive and sometimes back-biting price wars. The authors not only undertake a critical analysis of the various strategies that could be used to quell price disruptions from competitors, but they also provide industry specific, practical case examples of organizations that have used these interventions with a fair share of success. From the reading, however, it appears that some interventions are more successful in selected industry-specific organizations than in others. The strategy of retreating by ceding some market share, for instance, seems to work well with technology-oriented firms (e.g., computer manufacturing companies), but fails in service-oriented firms (e.g., fast food firms and hotels). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Equally, organizations within the carrier industry seem to benefit from some interventions, but certainly not from all the interventions highlighted (Rao et al, 2000). It would have been more plausible if the authors had explicitly stated which interventions are relevant to particular industries. There are two strategies that catch they eyes of the reader due to their intense practicability – responding with non-price actions and using selective price actions (Rao et al., 2000). In the former strategy, it can be argued that most global organizations doing business today are emphasizing quality aspects rather than price, with results demonstrated in positive image and reputation. However, the authors could have taken more time to explicate the dynamics of complex market scenarios, where neither non-price actions nor selective price actions seems to work. A case in point is the Chinese market, where players seem not to care much about quality issues and government mandarins heavily subsidize local industries to protect them from stiff competition. Conclusion The article introduces some fundamental concepts than could be used by organizations to fight the price war without necessarily triggering retaliatory price slashing, which could be costly to their competitive as well as operational efficiencies. Reference Rao, A.R., Bergen, M.E.,
Research the proportion of women, African Americans, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and openly gay or lesbian members of Congress. Reflect on what these patterns say about the nature of representation. Why do some groups tend to be underrepresented in Congress? Why do you see a trend in which more women and minorities are being represented? Do you think the underrepresentation of women and minorities affect Congress’s business? How might we as a people address this situation and strive towards equal representation? Make sure to cite sources used. Writing Requirements (APA format) 1-inch margins Double spaced 12-point Times New Roman font Title page References page (minimum of 2 scholarly sources)

Treatment and Interventions for Osteoarthritis

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp INTRODUCTION Osteoarthritis is very common among the old age people. It is also termed as wear and tear arthritis as it occurs when the protective cartilage, surrounding the bones, wears and tears down. In the present case study, an old woman, 87 years of age, is admitted into the hospital as she was found near her bed. Although she was lucid and conscious, she was incapable to walk on her own. This report studies intensively the case of Mrs. Mabel and outlines the problems faced by patients like her, who have had past history of osteoarthritis. The report also identifies the potential treatment options and the interventions necessary in such cases. ASSESSMENT The two basic nursing assessment tools for assessing the health condition of Mrs. Mabel are the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). In the former, an intensive analysis of pain including its location, history and interference with activities (Seyed K. Malakouti et al. 2006). The pain is recorded on a scale of 10, with 0 representing no pain and 10 representing pain as bad as you can imagine. The latter tool was designed to assess the depression score in the older patients. Score 11 or greater than 11indicates severe depression. This tool has screening efficiency as it relies on affective rather than the physical symptoms (Tito Mendoza 2006). CLIENT’s HEALTH PROBLEMS Studying the case of Mrs. Mabel, it is evident that the three health problems related to her are the inflammation, severe joint pain and cold and cough. Inflammation occurs when the chemicals from the body are released to the site of infection or injury. Mrs. Mabel was found to have inflammation in her lower leg i.e. swelling and persistent pain, possibly due to leakage of fluid into the tissues. Since cold and cough is generally a symptom in every old patient, in case of Mrs. Mabel it is important to treat the joint inflammation first, followed by the pain and eventually the medications for addressing cough and cold. The pain in osteoarthritis is generally caused when the wear and tear of the cartilage, that surrounds the joint, is to a great extent, such that the ligaments and the tendons are completely stretched out, causing pain. The cartilage acts as a shock absorber and also reduces friction in the joints. Lastly, since we know that Mrs. Mabel had been a smoker in the past, the chances of suffering from cold and cough are pretty high. It is therefore necessary to address the inflammation first, so that the pain in that area is comparatively reduced and then give pharmacological or non pharmacological assistance in reducing the pain in other joints as well. To ensure safe and quality care of Mrs. Mabel, these problems should be addressed in accordance with their priorities. The age factor of Mrs. Mabel should also be taken into consideration as many treatment options, even most of the medications, will prove to be harmful for her age. She should be given the support to move along and also be encouraged to participate in daily activities. GOALS The major goals of osteoarthritis treatment include alleviation of pain and restoring the normal functioning of the person. Since Mrs.Mabel has a serious pain issue such that she complains about it frequently and it is hampering her normal being, it is important to address and treat her pain and reduce her discomfort. Another goal should be to restore her normal functioning. As we know that the right leg of Mrs. Mabel is comparatively shorter than the left leg, she faces problem in moving around and needs a constant support to assist her mobility. Therefore, it is important to address the inflammation in her lower leg and prevent its reoccurrence. To address these goals, the patient generally receives both pharmacological and non pharmacological treatment, the former comprising of drugs and NSAIDs, while the latter comprising of therapies and the physical exercises. Surgical interventions have also suggested that if the joints are severely damaged, then the only option available for treatment is the partial or complete replacement of the joint. INTERVENTIONS The first and the foremost goal is to relieve pain and that can be mediated by psychological intervention techniques like providing education through various programs, coping skills training (CST) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). These techniques help in enhancing self efficacy, help in managing stress, reduce helplessness and catastrophizing. Most patients have easy access to the basic medical care but the psychological aspects are generally neglected. The most commonly used educational intervention is the community based Arthritis Self Management Program, which targets the self efficacy skills and helps in management of arthritis symptoms (Catherine Backman 2006). On the other hand, CBT and CST approaches include cognitive and behavioral exercises like guided imagery or relaxation, changing activity patterns, etc. These exercises help in active coping and alleviation of pain in the osteoarthritis’ patients. The second goal is t restore the normal functioning of the joints and this can be achieved by rehabilitation program that helps in motion of the knee and thereby reduces pain also. The patient is advised to do regular exercises including heel prop exercises, prone hang exercises and also the towel extension stretches. These exercises help in knee extension which is opposite and equal to the normal knee. If the patients do not receive any help from this exercise regime then a hyperextension device (Elite Seat, manufactured by the kneebourne Therapeutic) can be used along with other devices that are used for extension purposes (K. Donald Shelbourne 2007). The rehabilitation program also aims in educating the patients about their daily habits and they should change them in order to relieve tension on the knee and relax. Certain aerobic exercises like bike, stair stepping machine or elliptical machines are also the part of the program. The patients are also encouraged to maintain complete motion so that the non pharmacological approach provides relief that is permanent as compared to the relief obtained via pharmacological drugs and other analgesics (K. Donald Shelbourn 2007). DISCHARGE There are various problems faced by the elderly patients post discharge after getting the treatment for osteoarthritis done. Like in case of Mrs. Mabel, even after getting the surgery for arthritis done, she still complains of persistent pain in her legs. Post discharge issues generally include comorbid physical health problems, depression, and limitation in the functional capacity and improper dietary regulation (T. James 2005). Among all the patients of osteoarthritis, majority of them report persistent pain, even after the surgery. Another issue is the tight check on the weight because osteoarthritis can be severely influenced by obesity and can prove fatal. Next problem or issue faced by the patients post discharge is the intake of medications on a regular basis. Post discharge medications like Acetaminophen and NSAIDs are generally given to the patients. The former is used to reduce pain if taken in prescribed dose and the latter helps in providing relief from swelling and the pain due to it. Apart from the medications, the doctors generally advise regular physiotherapy exercises that will help in keeping the join in motion and gradually provide the necessary extension to the joints such that the normal functioning is restored. Therefore there are many issues governing the discharge from the hospital. In order to address these issues it important to discuss the problems with the health care specialist first. Older people find it very difficult to cope with the pain and the reduced mobility. They have to keep themselves dependent on various analgesics and the anti inflammatory medicines that help in relieving pain and providing the necessary comfort. In case of Mrs. Mabel she was detected with an inflammation on her lower leg. Likewise, post discharge, there is high risk of inflammation, blood clots and swelling. Even after being treated, the patient may encounter situations of helplessness and depression, which may arise as a result of incapability to participate in the routine or daily activities and thereby developing high levels of anxiety. In order to avoid or prevent these issues, the family must take the responsibility of their older loved ones, once they are discharged. Their support, care and continuous monitoring will enable the patients to cope with the prevailing situation and help in quick recovery. CONCLUSION This report gives a detailed description about the symptoms, causes and the crises faced by Mrs. Mabel. It outlines the major interventions and strategies that will her cope with her situation. Techniques like education through various programs, coping skills training (CST) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), work on the psychological aspect of the patient. Along with these the rehabilitation regime also aids in helping the patient by reducing pain and swelling. The major goals of the patient care have also been outlined in this report like the goals of alleviating the pain and restoring the normal functioning of the joints. To summarize, this report is important as it throws light on the condition of the patient and the necessary plan of action that is adopted for the care. It also draws attention towards the post discharge problems, that the patient will face and lists out the strategies that can help and address those issues. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp

Funding for Arts Council in Ireland

order essay cheap Funding for Arts Council in Ireland. Oskar van der Grijn ” The hackers guide to Arts council funding” Abstract This research paper will provide a thorough account of the different financial components comprising of the arts council of Ireland. An investigation will be held into how the arts council of Ireland is specifically funded and by what means it financially allocates to the arts itself. In addition, a detailed analysis of how the arts council manages its finance will be conducted, both in relation to its decision-making processes and also in relation to how finances are directed internally within the organisation. The research methodology of this paper will comprise of primary research in the form of an interview with past board member Jane Dillon Byrne which will run throughout the paper strengthening my research as well as secondary research in the form of collated broadsheet publications, the councils website and its annual financial statement report from 2016. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive account as to how all finance is administered under the arts council’s control and to inform future applicants of the council’s practises and procedures for applications in 2017. Introduction The Arts council of Ireland was first established in 1951 by the Irish government in order to encourage interest in Irish Art. In doing so it recognised that the arts have a central and distinctive contribution to make to Irelands evolving society. The primary goals of the organisation are to stimulate public interest in and to promote the knowledge, appreciation and practise of the arts. A vast range of practises such as visual art, music, performance, dance, film and literature as well as many others such as the recent inclusions of Circus and Architecture are all included in the organisations mission and strategy every year and all are largely funded. In order to successfully meet and finance their targets the Arts council established a voluntary body of 12 members and a chair that is appointed by the minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht for a term of five years. In addition, a staff of 41 full-time professionals carry out the daily functions of the organisation and these individuals provide expertise and strategic advice on different aspects of the arts. (village magazine, 2016) The nature of this particular organisation is a company limited by guarantee, which means the council is not funded through share capital or shareholders. In order for each department of the arts organisation to run sufficiently it is funded by the Irish Exchequer as well as substantial income being received from the national lottery and additional sources such as disclosed trust funds which contribute to the council’s annual budget. These large sums are annually allocated across the different creative sectors in the form of bursaries, grants, art schemes and development programmes in order to promote the development of Irish art. Arts council funding is also allocated abroad under specific programmes such as an Aosdanna in order to promote Ireland in both a traditional and contemporary manner over seas. Having revised the financial schemes and directives of this organisation through secondary research, combined with a thorough understanding of the internal mechanics obtained through an interview with Jane Dillon Byrne, I will conclude with a comprehensive evaluation of the organisations financial structure outlining all key areas of concern. 1. Funding schemes to the Arts The council supports a vast range of schemes and programmes across a widely diverse arts sector. In order to classify each and every segment of funding for 2017 the council has divided its allocations into three different sectors and five funding amounts. Jane Dillon Byrne stated that; “This gives significant clarity to the enormous span of financial appropriation and provides a means of adequate accessibility to those who wish to make grant applications within their respected field for 2017 “ This section of the research paper will outline, using examples, a clear indication of some of the different areas in which funding is allocated in the form of schemes and programmes. The schemes/programmes are broken into three categories; these include (1) Art form, (2) Cross Art form practisesand (3) Strategic developments. The strategic development programme is a significant plan that comprises many elements including the funding of both previously stated art forms and cross art form practises, this plan is devised as part of the councils new 10 year strategy and will be assessed in detail in the later part of this section. In addition to these categories are the financial subcategories that are awarded to successful recipients; these are broken down into five funding allocations as seen below; £1 – £20,000 £20,000 – £30,000, £30,000 – £50,000, £50,000 – £100,000 £100,000 An awarded recipient(s) receives funding in the combined form of one of the three introductory categories and one adjoining subcategory sum. Examples are as follows; 1(a) = (1) Art form – (a) Subcategory – £15,000. 2(b)– (2) Cross art form practises – (b) Subcategory – £20,000. 3(c) – (3) Strategic Developments – (c) Subcategory – £450,000 Applications are made to the arts council via its website where a body of panellists assigned to each particular category make a collective decision surrounding the award or refusal of financial aid. If approved, the panel assigned to that particular art form also dictate the amount awarded to each individual(s) within that categories specific budget for that calendar year. More information relating to the panellist, decision-making and budgeting process can be found in the management of funding section of this paper. The funding pool for specific awards varies in amounts from year to year as does the annual budget produced by the government along with other means of income such as trust funds and third party contributions from the national lottery. The larger the amount of funding the council receives each year the more types of awards it can then sanction. Likewise, with cut backs, where arts funding is reduced, so are the amount of awards available. 2016’s budget amounted to £60.1M (Mackin, 2016) Evidence of the annual rise and fall in funding can be made with regard to an online statement made by the council in 2015. “For the first time in six years, the Arts Council’s own Exchequer grant was maintained at 2014 levels (£56.668 million), and, anticipating future increases in investment, the Council was mindful in its allocations to help position the arts to benefit from, and play a full part in, the national recovery ” (, 2015) 2. Categories (a) Art form The art form category is the most expansive category and covers a range of practises such as Visual art, Circus, Opera, Street and performance, Traditional, Theatre, Music, Film, Architecture, Literature and Dance. Within each of the practises are numerous awards, bursaries and grants. The many variations of awarded grants cannot all be listed within this concise paper. However, what is apparent are the large number of applications which are completed every year. As a result, the awarding system is broken down into Round 1 and Round 2. Below are examples of specific art form grant recipients for 2016, which are identified as bursaries, both in the form of Visual Arts and Dance. (, 2016) The purpose of the bursary award is to support professional artists to develop their art practice. It provides artists with the time and resources to think, research, reflect and critically engage with their art. The maximum amount awarded is £15,000. Having thoroughly analysed all the granted bursary award’s for 2016 from the arts councils website, I have collated the amount awarded to each recipient of each art form and used their data to develop a chart representing the distribution margins. See below for 2016’s round 1 and round 2 distributions. Round 1. Round 2. The most evident representation of these graphs lead to the heavy percentage in favour of the visual arts. The combined % of both round bursary allocations amounts to just shy of 43% of the overall 2016 bursary budget. (280,392 204,750)/(739,353 397,005) x100= 42.6% In addition, the % of the total bursary allocations for 2016 as a % of 2016’s entire budget of £59.1 million was just shy of 2%. (739,353 397,005)/59,100,100×100=1.92% (b) Cross Art form Practises The Cross Art form practises are the second category of funding provided. It entails a more complex awarding system when contrasted to the individual artist’s bursary award and usually grants higher sums due to the larger size of organisations involved. The areas recognised within this funding initiative are Venues, Touring, Local arts, Festivals and events, Arts Participation and Young people, children and education. This funding can be applied for under Group, individual, local authority or organisation type. The festival and events scheme is an example of a cross art form practise award with a maximum sum of £20,000, it can only be applied for under an organisation application type. This means that the application type may be collaborative or singular but must be made in the name of the organisation at hand. An interesting financial factor surrounding this application type, which also applies to other categories within the art form practises category, are the two awarded strands of funding available. Strand 1 funding amounts to £10,000 and strand 2 amounts to £20,000. Selection of the correct strand during applications must be adhered to; an excerpt, 1.6, taken from the second strand application form can be seen below; these strands also apply to other schemes under the same guidelines across the cross art form practises category. The strands can be defined as follows” “Festivals previously funded by the Arts Council under this Scheme up to £10,000 in their last funding offered must apply to Strand 1.” “Festivals previously funded by the Arts Council under this Scheme between £10,001 and £20,000 must apply to Strand 2.”(, 2017) Section 1.6 of Strand application 2 This guideline of financial stranding is to help the council articulate who has been already funded previously and by what amount. This provides clarity not only financially but also provides an even playing field for emerging festivals who are easily overshadoweed by successful applicants from previous years. See examples of 2016 succesful reciepts and amounts awarded below: (, 2017) (c) Strategic Development The strategic development plan is a much broader funding scheme and runs in accordance with the arts councils new strategy first outlined in September 2015. The published strategy is called:” Making Great Art Work: Leading the development of the arts in Ireland (2016-2025) ” Jane Dillon Byrne stated that: “The strategy prioritises the artist and public engagement, and looks to develop the conditions, infrastructure and environment to enable artists and organisations to make great work and to encourage people to access and participate in that work.” (Dillon-Byrne, 2017) The main elements of the councils investment of £60.1m for 2016 are as follows: £32m to 195 arts organisations. £1.4m in Touring £180k in a new Emerging Artist Bursary Scheme £1.72m in regular funding to local authorities £350,000 to establish a new local authority partnership scheme £316,000 Ealain na Gaeltachta £5.2m to Venues in every county throughout the country £2.6m awarded to festivals £2.24m awarded to literature organisations £4m to visual arts with £500,000 specifically assigned for bursaries £6m awarded to Theatre £1m to support multi-disciplinary projects Below are two tables I have conducted which represent 2016’s data levels of expenditure. Table 1 represents the overall artistic fields and table 2 represents the individual organisations. Table 1. Arts organisations accounted for over half of 2016’s total budget at 54.1% – 32/59.1×100=54.1% Table 2. In addition, regarding the most prolific individual organisations, the council have largely kept their funding similar if not the same to 2015’s budget. The Druid Theatre Company saw its grant maintained at £762,000, as did the Opera Theatre Company with £680,000, Music Network at £515,000 and Rough Magic at £480,000. The Project Arts Centre was given a small rise as it celebrates its 50th year, its funding was increased by £26,250 to £675,250. (Mackin, 2016). 3. Tax exemption and appeals One of the most important advances, and one which undoubtedly receives attention in this paper, is how the artist tax exemption is currently being reviewed, and how it will continue to be reviewed in the future. Charles Haughey brought the guidelines for the artist’s exemption into place in 1973 to support local talent and to attract artists to settle in Ireland. They exempt artists from paying tax on the proceeds of original works. Likewise, all awards given in aid of artistic development from the council, similar to that of earnings, are also tax-free. Having conducted much research into the field of artist taxation some interesting findings have come to surface, the tax exemption may well be in line for future tweaking. The Irish Times states in a publication late last year that; ” In 2011, a cap of £40,000 was placed on the amount of artists’ income exempt from tax every year. This was increased to £50,000 from January 1st, 2015 and it is described in the report as a “more targeted” scheme, aimed at supporting artists on low incomes.” (Hancock, 2016) Jane Dillon Byrne added “The legislation allows the Revenue Commissioners to make determinations in respect of a range of artistic works, including a book or other writing, a play, a musical composition, a painting or a sculpture. It must be noted that the intervention of revenue in the artistic decision making process is a sensitive matter for the arts council” (Dillon-Byrne, 2017)Further information regarding this can be found in theappeals section under this heading. Information published by the Irish Times, stated that in 2014, which is the most recent year for which data is currently available regarding artist taxation, states that;” 2,640 artists availed of the exemption at a cost of £5.8 million to the exchequer. That’s an average of just under £2,200 each ” (Hancock, 2016) A review was undertaken for last year’s budget, with a recommendation from the Department of Finance to review the scheme, with a view to possibly introducing income averaging for artists. The budget document stated it recognises where the profit level is increasing, and that income averaging would reduce the amount of tax to be paid and improve cash flow in the short term, similar to that of farmers, who utilise from a current system, under the common agricultural policy (CAP). Having personally assessed the value of such a change I would have to argue as to what would happen if profit levels reduce and tax liability is increased when compared with the actual liability for that year alone. How will artists respond to this, as well as being thrown into the same pen as farmers. (Hancock, 2016) Appeals Arts council applicants can appeal against a funding decision on the basis of unfair application, alleged infringement or a deviation from the councils published procedures. Like all financial processes there is an application format that must be adhered to. Firstly applicants must show that they have reasons to believe that their application was dealt in an incompatible manner. Secondly the applicant must contact the head of the team or service dealt with previously. In the case of a second financial rejection, the applicant has an additional opportunity to appeal the decision; this must be made directly to the director of the arts council. Having spoken with Jane she made it apparent that in the past there has been controversy surrounding the appeals decisions and processes, particularly in the field of literature where taxation, or tax evasion has come into question. Disputes between revenue and the arts council, where the arts council has argued that the latter has undermined its role in the artistic assessment of works has come to surface in recent years. New correspondence released under the Freedom of Information Act has revealed the level of exasperation within the Arts Council about both the number and type of non-fiction books that are granted the artist’s exemption. The revenue commissioner’s guidelines state that non-fiction books should be considered if they are on an artistic or cultural theme such as a biography or autobiography of a writer or painter. (See section 195 of taxes consolidation act in appendices) However a past publication from the Irish times states that: ” Sportspeople including Irish rugby out-half Ronan O’Gara, Kilkenny manager Brian Cody, GAA manager Mick O’Dwyer and pundit George Hook have also received the exemption, though the Arts Council does not believe sports books should qualify ” (, 2013) In addition, the arts council advises the revenue commissioners on whether a book should be eligible. It claims to provide expert advice in the event of an appeal by an author, yet during my research I came across an additional excerpt from the Irish times which puts the credibility of its assessment further into question; ” Between 2004 and last year there were 46 appeals by writers who were judged to be ineligible for the tax exemption by the Arts Council and the majority (56 per cent) succeeded in their appeals ” (, 2013) From this guideline, I would advise anyone who has applied in the literacy category and who has been refused in 2017 to appeal their decision. You have a 56% chance that you will be awarded your desired funding. In addition, literature is the second highest percentage bursary allocation. If we refer to my graphs in the art form section we can come to the conclusion that literature makes up (172,550 43,420)/(739,353 397,005) x100=18.9% of 2016’s Bursary award. 5. Conclusion Having researched this topic thoroughly some very interesting conclusions can be drawn. First and foremost the annual budget presented by the department of Arts, Heritage and Culture is the deciding factor regarding allocation amounts to the different sectors of the arts. This budget rises and falls every year. A huge emphasis today is put on the strategic development plan titled creating good artwork (2016-2025). This plan holds the councils best interest at heart and this can be seen in its allocations last year of over £31 million to organisations across the country totalling 54.1% of the overall budget. In addition the artist’s bursary is still a huge element of the councils funding and decision making process with 1.9% being allocated across the arts to individual artists. This is a significant sum considering the diversity of the councils awarding system. Visual arts still remains the primary area of funding regarding the bursary amounting to 42.6% with literature coming in as the second most popular at 18.9%. What are also very interesting are the examples of controversy surrounding revenues relationship with the arts council. When one considers the arts council they are led to believe that it is an organisation who are fully committed and effectively competent in performing their duties, and for the most part they are just that, however in the past instances such as Bertie Ahern’s tax exempt biography as well as many others show that there still can be elements of political will creeping through what appears to be a well run organisation. As long as the artists tax exemption exists under section 195 of the taxes consolidation act, I believe there will always be a clash of interest between the exchequer amounting pressure on the council and the council defending its position as the governing body for the arts. Appendices 1. Taxes consolidation act 1997 for the Artists Exemption Scheme. (, 1997) 2. Management of funding Having spoken to Jane Dillon Byrne, and in particular about her position as a past board member for the arts council from 2002-2007 I gained a valuable insight into how the management delegates funding within the organisation. The annual report gives evidence to where exactly past funding has been allocated, however, it does not give an account of the decision making process and the individuals involved who are responsible for the funding reaching its final destination. Jane described the organisational structure of the company and used this as a template to further expand on the financial decision making elements of the organisation. Similar to most businesses there is a director of the organisation, the director divides the council into a number of committees and each committee appoints an arts officer, 11 in total, one for each art form. There is an additional officer, the finance officer, who takes into consideration the expertise of the other 11 officers and essentially pushes the red button when the final financial decisions are made. Within these committees panellists are chosen for each art category and art form, there can be any number of panellists for each art form, which can include invited guests, however there generally is around 5 panellists. Jane went on to describe how the funding is then decided amongst the organisational structure. ” The annual budget which has been assigned by the department of Arts, Heritage and Culture is presented to the board, the board members along side the 11 arts officers, the finance officer and the director decide the sector allocations. From this point the panellists assigned to each art form then decide on the individual artist/organisation allocations.” (Dillon-Byrne, 2017) In addition, Jane continued to talk about how the council currently employs 41 full time staff who are all paid via the exchequer. I went on to ask Jane were the board members, the arts officers and the director paid, Jane stated that” “Board members are not on salaries, however they do receive perks such as transport, accommodation, lunch, dinner, drinks and so forth, essentially board members are well looked after surrounding the dates that they are working within and for the council. The director however does receive a complementary fee of in around £5,000-10,000 euros depending on the year” (Dillon-Byrne, 2017) 3. Payment templates One of the conditions of being a successful applicant to council awards such as bursary awards, commissions awards and project awards is that the recipients must report on their award and supply receipts and other financial information regarding their expenditure to the council. If we take for example the artists bursary award, a recipient will receive two documents along with their letter of offer, which clearly outlines a payment guide and the terms and conditions of the arts councils funding. This process ensures that the council is fully up to date with how the artist manages their financial award and prevents misconduct on the behalf of the artist where the may use the finance for means not related to their work. The appendices section of this paper provides an example of an income and expenditure report. Similarities can be drawn between this income and expenditure form to the profit and loss balance sheets our class as arts management students have worked with over the last 4 years on excel. 3. Income and expenditure report Dillon-Byrne, J. (2017, February 19th). Arts council funding. (O. v. Grijn, Interviewer) Dublin, Leinster, Ireland. Hancock, C. (2016, October 13th). Retrieved February 27th, 2017, from Mackin, L. (2016, January 4th). (The Irish Times) Retrieved February 27th, 2017, from village magazine. (2016, December). Retrieved February 15th, 2017, from (2016, January 04th). Retrieved February 27th, 2017, from (2015, January 8th). Retrieved February 25th, 2017, from (2016, December 11th). Retrieved February 23rd, 2017, from (2016, December 19th). Retrieved March 2nd, 2017, from (2017, January 9th). Retrieved February 26th, 2017, from (2013, January 3rd). Retrieved February 26th, 2017, from Funding for Arts Council in Ireland

proposal and final project

proposal and final project.

n today’s world of healthcare, capital expenses are a common element to the financial management process. In fact, all healthcare organizations, at some point, must convert to an Electronic Health Record (EHR) system to be compatible with the rest of the world. However, this is a major capital expense that will cost many healthcare organizations millions of dollars. Purchasing an EHR system will undoubtedly require the acquisition and use of long-term assets under a capital budget.The final assignment of your project will require you to make a
recommendation to finance an EHR system, based on information from
previous assignments. You will compile all the information in a proposal
format, which will be addressed to the organization’s executive
managers. You will create a separate presentation as an overview of your
proposal.Your organization is considering financing a 1.5 million dollar EHR
system (if an EHR system not a good fit for your case, you can choose
any major health information system/technology but the 1.5 million
dollar reference should remain the same). Based on the financial outlook
of your case/organization, make a recommendation to purchase or not
purchase the system. You will need to draw on the material you have
learned in throughout the class and assignments; as well as background
information from your case description. Collectively, that information
will serve as the foundation to support your recommendation.Your final Financial Analysis report should be a minimum of eight (8) pages in length, excluding title and reference pages.Introduction of case and financial challenges and issues; perspective of financial challenge (Introduction)Report on assets and liabilities, cash flows and financial position, etc (Financial Statements).Examination of financial analysis methods (Financial Analysis Methods).Interpretation of financial management and capital management; influences for capital investments and decision-making (Capital Management).Assessment of EHR implementation (or relevant information system)
and recommendation; using supportive information from financial
management assignments (Proposal)Summarizes and presents a collection of financial management
concepts, strategies and methods; applicable to case financial position,
needs and challenges.Make sure to use block letter formatting and proposal formatting
guidelines. You will need to include a title page. Remember, your
audience is the organization’s executive managers. Make sure to use
proper audience tone.Include an APA formatted reference page to include at least five (5)
academic sources, such as a book or an academic scholarly journal, to
support your topic. You should reference your academic sources by
including at least five (5) in-text citations. Academic scholarly
journals can be access through the Rasmussen Online Library.Your Presentation should be created in MS PowerPoint
to include a minimum of seven (7) slides. You will also add a narration
to your presentation that should be 15-20 minutes in length. Be sure to
discuss your project components in a concise, yet effective manner. You
should highlight key points of each component of the Financial Analysis
Report, leading up to your EHR recommendation outcome. Include
graphical displays (such as graphs or other pictorials) to add visual
interest and support of your information. Use a professional tone and
keep in mind that you are presenting to the executive management team;
consider their interests as stakeholders.Presentation OutlineIntroductionSummary of financial statementsSummary of financial analysis methodsFindings of capital management influencesEHR recommendation outcomeSummary/ConclusionAPA formatted reference slide
proposal and final project

University of California Irvine Career Plan Writing Question

University of California Irvine Career Plan Writing Question.

A personal career plan is a plan is what a business plan does for a business. In In this assignment, you will create your personal career plan. 1. Who are you and what are your goals? Create a life mission statement. Writing a personal mission statement may feel odd – many of us have been told that speaking of our “greatness” is bragging and conceited. Don’t listen to those voices and be prepared to feel uncomfortable – it’s normal; don’t judge yourself. What are your financial, professional, family, and lifestyle goals? 2. What is your plan? Assess various industries and careers that you are interested in and their future (at least two). What is the future of the industry? What is the future of the profession? What educational requirements and special skills do you need? Which ones do you already have and which ones do you still need to acquire? What steps will you take to acquire these and how long will it take you? Are you planning to become an entrepreneur? If so, what is your longterm plan for it? 3. How are you different? What makes you different/stand out from the crowd? Identify your attributes, what sets you apart from others? Are you bilingual? Have a great fashion sense? Love music and have the determination to develop the best dance mix? Have a desire to give back to your community? Know a programming language? Know how to plan an event? 4. What is your current situation? Complete a personal SWOT analysis. Internal Appraisal Strengths: What is my present position/degree obtained? What am I good at? What major resources/expertise do I have? Weaknesses: What is my present position? What are the major problems I face? What major resources/expertise deficiencies do I have? External Appraisal Opportunities: What favorable trends exist? How is my industry of choice developing? In what areas could I achieve success? Threats: What unfortunate environmental trends exist? How are my competitors developing? Where is my performance likely to suffer? 5. How will you market yourself to prospective employers or business partners? Create a logo and business card: now is the time to use your creativity! Remember to keep it professional. Resume: Create a resume (note: you may use your current resume if you have one and try to improve it); make it look professional. Your resume should be one page long. 6. Contingency Planning This plan examines the “what ifs” and determines what you should do if your plan cannot be implemented. Delivery Methods: Written assignment: The career plan should contain all the items listed above and be written in a professional manner. Remember to check your spelling and grammar! Length will vary depending on your experiences, but it should a minimum of 2-3 pages, not including title pages, headings and resume. You must use SINGLE space for this assignment
University of California Irvine Career Plan Writing Question