Visionary leaders often set themselves apart from all other types, though they do utilize characteristics from a plethora of other styles and theories.
Given the following three leaders, write a post placing three given leaders into one of the following three categories:
Hybrid (Transformational and Visionary)
Please give clear, research-backed reasons for your choices, and openly discuss your personal preference by stating which of the three leaders you would most like to follow.
The Three Leaders:
Steve Jobs (former Apple CEO)
Richard Branson (Virgin Atlantic CEO)
Sam Walton (founder and CEO, Walmart)
MGT506 Visionary, Transformational, or Both?
WEEK 2 DISCUSSION COLLEAGUES RESPONSEPlease make sure Minimum 4 full paragraphs for EACH colleague respond.Respond to at least two of your colleagues’ postings that contain a perspective other than yours. Share an insight about what you learned from having read your colleagues’ postings and discuss how and why your colleague’s posting resonated with you professionally and personally. (Note: This may be a great opportunity to help you think about passions you share with your colleagues who could become part of your Walden network.) Offer an example from your experience or observation that validates what your colleague discussed. Offer specific suggestions that will help your colleague build upon his or her perceptions as a leader. Offer further assessment from having read your colleague’s post that could impact a leader’s effectiveness. Share how something your colleague discussed changed the way you consider your own leadership qualities. Your post should be clear, logical, and organized. Posting should address the question or issue, is interesting and pertinent to the course content and purpose of discussion, is original, is appropriate in rigor, and provides context that establishes relevance. HEY SMITH I NEED THIS ONE FIRST PLEASE. Thanks Buddy
Narcissistic leaders The Incredible Pros Ehe Inevitable Cons Discussion Response
MBA 6601 Columbia Southern University International Marketing Philosophies Essay
MBA 6601 Columbia Southern University International Marketing Philosophies Essay.
The unit lesson explains five international marketing philosophies. Which orientation mostly applies to Maytag’s washers and dryers? Explain why. What are the international implications for Maytag in respect to how they should market in other countries?For your own firm, what is (or might be) the optimum marketing philosophy and why?Unit LessonThere are two ways to look at global marketing strategies. One way is to look at a company’s marketingorientation. Marketing orientation refers to the philosophy that guides a company’s marketing strategies. Inthe United States, marketing orientation started with the production concept (1920s) and evolved to the present day holistic marketing concept. Along the way, several distinct variations emerged that seem to work well in the foreign markets. These orientations depend on the types of products produced and the types of buyers purchasing the goods. The second way to study global marketing strategies is to analyze the marketing mix of the product. The marketing mix is the 4 Ps: product, place, price, and promotion.Marketing OrientationsThere seem to be five types of marketing philosophies that have managed to stay significant. Typically, acompany’s marketing strategy will depend on whether the company is production oriented, sales oriented, or customer oriented. A combined strategy of all three yields a strategic marketing concept. Last and still emerging is the force of social marketing, sometimes referred to as nonmarket strategies.Production orientation: The production concept focuses on products that are mass produced, have a low price relative to disposable income, come with a standard design, have low risk of product failure, and a short window from purchase to consumption. These types of products require advertising and sales promotion to pull them through the distribution channel. Consequently, manufacturers achieve high production efficiency, low costs, and mass distribution. This type of product could be a low value-added commodity, such as copper or wheat, or a high value-added product, like a candy bar or a standard automobile. This type of concept works well in a country that has low labor manufacturing costs, such as in China or Vietnam.Sales orientation: The sales concept focuses on products that are custom made. The consequences of failure might be high, the expense is so high only large organizations like governments can afford them, andUNIT VI STUDY GUIDEManaging International Operations, Part 1: Marketing and Organizational StructuresMBA 6601, International Business 1the product takes years to build. This type of product might be a dam, a nucleaUrNreITacxtoSrT, Ua DtuYrnGkeUyIDfaEctory, large airplanes, or ships. The manufacturer usually provides a sales team to work out the details, and thebuyer usually reciprocates with a purchasing team to ask all of the appropriate questions.Customer orientation: Sometimes referred to as the marketing concept, this philosophy is a customer- centric concept. The job here is to find, develop, and produce the products that the customer wants. One version of this takes a basic product like a computer and allows the customer to add on or take off features they want and are willing to pay for. This approach works well with products customized with little effort. A good example is Burger King, a worldwide restaurant chain. Its slogan—up until recently—“Have it your way”implied a hamburger made with your choices of condiments and sides (“Burger King ditches,” 2014).Strategic marketing orientation: In the traditional view, you first make the product (design, procure, and manufacture) and then sell the product (price, sell, advertise, distribute, and service). In the strategic marketing concept, marketing is at the beginning of the planning process. Instead of stressing production and selling, firms decide on the product/service they are going to provide based on their ability to create the most value. According to this view, the firm first segments the market, selects the target market, and conducts value positioning. Then, the company develops the product, prices it, manufactures it, distributes it, and services it. The company also communicates the value to the target market through sales, sales promotion, and advertising.Social marketing orientation: Companies, now more than ever, are cognizant of the public’s attention toenvironmental and public health issues that affect them. Consumers tend to seek out products and services that are environmentally friendly, healthy, and socially responsible. In the United States, such programs are not required. However, customers are more sophisticated and gravitate to companies that show social responsibility. Corporate social responsibility has become a competitive advantage like branding or advertising. In the 1970s, Nestlé pushed its infant formula into African communities with disastrous results. Consequently, while the consumer may not have the sophistication to know better, most governments have wised up, and many now require programs that consider not only how a product is purchased but also how it is made and disposed of, as well as how it might be changed to be made more socially acceptable. This philosophy is sometimes referred to as a nonmarket orientation because it plays mostly to foreign governments and activist groups.Marketing Mix (The Four Ps)Product strategies: The product is the item for sale. It can be tangible like a car or it can be intangible like the knowledge to build a nuclear reactor. According to the World Trade Organization, tangible products are“merchandise” and intangibles are “commercial services” (2015). In 2014, the United States exported $687 billion in commercial services and $1.621 trillion in merchandise (World Trade Organization, 2015).Product characteristics include the product and/or service qualities (e.g., types of warranties, service contracts), labeling, packaging, and branding opportunities. By branding opportunities, the product line can extend the brand to similar products that may fit in, just as General Motors has several brands like the Chevy Malibu and the Chevrolet Impala. Companies strive to make their product(s) as unique as possible to make them stand out from other products. This is product differentiation.When it comes to producing the merchandise, the emphasis is on product standardization. Companies can usually cut production and inventory costs this way. However, companies must adapt the products to meet the legal, cultural, and economic needs of the customer in different countries. While many countries have adopted universal standards on some products, such as mobile phones, other standards are lacking, such as those for railroad gauges and power supplies. In fact, three countries have yet to adopt the metric system for weights and measures: the United States, Liberia, and Myanmar.Pricing strategies: There are numerous strategies and tactics to pricing. If the company is selling a premium product, the price should reflect a premium. If the company is building market share, then a low price that barely covers the cost would be plausible. If the product goes through a long distribution channel, then consider there will be markups at each juncture of the channel, making the price relatively high. A longer distribution channel suggests higher transportation costs as well.One variable not encountered domestically is the foreign government’s posture towards a given product. Aforeign government may have quota limits, which restricts the number of products a company can send in orMBA 6601, International Business 2Titlemaybe a tariff that will cause the price of its product to go up. The foreign goveUrNnmITexntScTaUnDaYlsoGaUpIDplEy penalties against products that are imported and sold below the sales price in its domestic country (WorldTrade Organizations, n.d.).In Unit IV, hedging strategies were discussed. A company that can bring a product in from a country with a weak currency to a country with a stronger currency will have the hedging advantage. The possibility of the currency growing stronger will add to the profitability. However, if the product comes in from a country with a strong currency to a country with a declining currency, the profits will be less.Promotion strategies: The integrated marketing strategy should address advertising, personal sales, events and experiences, public relations, sales promotion, branding, and direct marketing. This section includes all forms of communication from the producer to the consumer. The concept of push-pull originates in this area of marketing. Sales people are responsible for contacting buyers and pushing their product onto the buyer. This type of communication works well for expensive institutional size products like Boeing 767 airplanes. Promotion and advertising are responsible for communicating product attributes directly to the consumer through social media, mass advertising, and sales promotions. This is pull marketing because many consumers will ask the distributor to stock the product, in essence pulling the product through the distribution channel. This type of communication works well for mass produced products with lots of standardized features like fast food restaurants or laundry detergent.Promotion strategies include branding. A brand is an identifying mark, picture, logo, sound, jingle, or word that makes you think of the product. Advertisers will promote the brand with all of the good and pleasant features that the product has. Consequently, when a consumer sees the brand, and they have a need, they buy the product. Repetitive and frequent advertising causes the consumer to link the need with the brand, and purchase becomes automatic. Proctor & Gamble (P&G), the world’s largest advertiser, spends $5 billion juston repetitive and frequent advertising for consumer products (Young, 2015). While the languages are different, and the products are adapted to the cultural needs, repetitive and frequent advertising works in all cultural environments.Place strategies: The word place in this context means distribution strategies. The distribution strategy should address the transportation of the product through the distribution channel. Before the Internet, the product had to be available in a physical location. The Internet has changed that way of thinking because people can order from social media or website intermediaries. The range of physical distribution locations ranges from discount stores to upscale department stores, dealerships, farmer’s markets, conveniencestores, shopping centers, warehouses, and the list goes on. The Internet has made it possible to order virtually anything from anywhere. The problem in that situation is product delivery and service after delivery.The marketing mix is a way to look at the different marketing techniques that affect any given product or service. Some academics have gone as far to add additional Ps. Other Ps could stand for people, processes, programs, performance, and politics. Traditionally, the original four Ps are inclusive, but if nothing else, marketing is a flexible science.Organizational StructuresMost people recognize that an organizational structure is the arrangement of roles and positions of people in multinational enterprises (MNEs). This arrangement represents how assets, authority, and communication run throughout the organization to achieve certain objectives. Rapid changes in technology and economics demand that businesses structure themselves such that they bend with the stress and snap back to take advantage of opportunities. Organizations that cannot adapt quickly will not be competitive. Research shows that certain organizational structures work better in certain situations.Centralization Versus DecentralizationThe traditional structures of centralized and decentralized organizations still abound and are probably still in the majority of businesses. A quick review of what they do is important.Centralized organizations: Decision-making authority is concentrated in the top executive levels. The premise of this scenario is that senior executives have more experience and have more information regarding access to capital, staffing, corporate needs, and strategy. Advantages would be avoiding duplicate activities in different subsidiaries, dealing with strong unions (General Motors & United Auto Workers Union) and strongMBA 6601, International Business 3Titlevendors (P&G versus Walmart). The disadvantages of this structure are bureaUuNcrIaTcxy,SloTsUsDoYf iGniUtiaIDtivEe, andmostly downward communication.TitleDecentralized organizations: Decision-making authority flows down to the managers at the local level. The premise of this scenario is that the local managers have knowledge of what the current business trends are through dealing with individual customers and vendors. The advantages of this situation are that it encourages entrepreneurial decisions, makes the organization more innovative and flexible, and encourages managers to become responsible for their decisions. The disadvantages are that local decisions might jeopardize global decisions, more risk is accepted, and duplicate activities may take place at different branches.Some industries are prone to one type of organization over the other. For example, fast food restaurants work better with decentralized structures; however, companies with capital-intensive operations do better with centralized structures. In some cases, hybrids are evolving where anything over the subsidiary level is centralized, but anything below the subsidiary level is decentralized. In principle, decision-making should occur at the level of those who are most affected by the outcome and those who have the most knowledge of the situation (Daniel, Radebaugh, & Sullivan, 2015).There are variations of these organizational structures that have emerged in corporations that have wide geographical coverage. The most common MNE organizational structures are listed below: Functional structure: This variation allows the concept of centralized decision-making to trump local responsiveness. Essentially, the company is broken down into functions such as production, marketing, and administration with each function having a foreign branch. All decisions are made at the functional level. Divisional structure: This is virtually the same as the functional structure except the company is broken down into product divisions. A company may have automotive and aerospace divisions, each with a foreign subsidiary. Again, all important decisions rise to the divisional level. Geographic structure: A hybrid of the previous two structures could be a geographic structure. Decisions would be more focused on area needs but still distant from the local branch. For example, there may be a North American Division and a Western European Division.There are other variations such as the matrix structure and the mixed structure, but they are also composed of traditional command and control principles.Non-traditional structures have emerged due to new Internet technology, allowing the workforce and the buyers and vendors to collaborate on the production and consumption of new products. Social media technology has improved to the point where people from different locations around the world can work on any given project. It is easier to acquire human talent, physical resources, and distribution networks. These virtual organizations are temporary: forming, disbanding, and reforming as each new project comes forward.Organizational CultureAn important byproduct of the organizational structure is the organizational culture. From Unit I, we know how country culture influences the country’s political, legal, and economic decisions. Corporate culture has that same impact in a company. People inculcated with a set of beliefs have shared expectations of decisions and outcomes. Because of this, international companies recognize two problems. First, there are differences in values from one company to another. Second, there are differences in values from one country to another. Putting a manager from one country over the workers of another country can be disastrous if the manager is not properly trained. Companies recognize the strategic importance of culture, and many of the leading corporations are actively training their employees on how to make decisions based on company philosophy. For example, Toyota, with 27 overseas plants, has trained over 700 foreign executives in the “Toyota Way,” a collection of company values (Fackler, 2007).ReferencesBurger King ditches ‘have it your way’ slogan. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2014/05/20/burger-k…MBA 6601, International Business 4Daniels, J., Radebaugh, L., & Sullivan, D. (2015). International business: EnviUroNnImTexnStsT&UDopYeGraUtioIDnEs (15thed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.TitleFackler, M. (2007). The ‘Toyota way’ is translated for a new generation of foreign managers. Retrieved fromwww.nytimes.com/2007/02/15/business/worldbusiness/…World Trade Organization. (n.d.). Anti-dumping. Retrieved from https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/adp_e/adp_e.h…World Trade Organization. (2015) United States. Retrieved from http://stat.wto.org/CountryProfile/WSDBCountryPFVi…Young, N. (2015). P&G, the world’s biggest advertiser, gives top media role to woman who ran their pet empire. Retrieved from http://www.thedrum.com/news/2015/01/17/pg-worlds-biggest-advertiser- gives-top-media-role-woman-who-ran-their-pet-empire
MBA 6601 Columbia Southern University International Marketing Philosophies Essay
An Overall Economic Analysis Of Pakistan Economics Essay
order essay cheap INTRODUCTION: Pakistan officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a country in South Asia. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.Tajikistan also lies very close to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. Strategically it is located in a position between the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East. Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories. With over 170 million people, it is the sixth most populous country in the world] and has the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife. With a semi-industrialized economy, it is the 27th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power. Since gaining independence, Pakistan’s history has been characterised by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with neighbouring India. The country faces challenging problems including poverty, illiteracy, corruption and terrorism. Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed force and is the only Muslim-majority nation to possess nuclear weapons. It is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States. It is a founding member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference and a member of the United Nations,[ Commonwealth of Nations, Next Eleven economies and the G20 developing nations. PESTEL ANALYSIS: POLITICAL ANALYSIS: Pakistan is a democratic parliamentary federal republic with Islam as the state religion. The first Constitution of Pakistan was adopted in 1956, but was suspended in 1958 by General Ayub Khan. The Pakistani military has played an influential role in mainstream politics throughout Pakistan’s history, with military presidents ruling from 1958-71, 1977-88 and from 1999-2008. The 1990s were characterised by coalition politics dominated by the Pakistan Peoples Party and a rejuvenated Muslim League. Pakistan is an active member of the United Nations (UN) and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the latter of which Pakistan has used as a forum for Enlightened Moderation, a plan to promote a renaissance and enlightenment in the Muslim world. Pakistan is also a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO). Political Effectiveness: The Pakistani military has played an influential role in mainstream politics throughout Pakistan’s history, with military presidents ruling from 1958-71, 1977-88 and from 1999-2008. Pakistan has fairly political effect on the country if it is in the rural or in the urban areas, elected representative are responsible to solve their problems. Elected representatives are more often belongs to the urban, they are as important as the rural. Institutional Stability: Pakistan has very bad atmosphere regarding to manage the organizational structure, whether that belong to the government or belong to the private sector. There are too many changes and it keeps the country from growing fast and healthy. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy. Despite being a very poor country in 1947, Pakistan’s economic growth rate has been better than the global average during the subsequent four decades, but imprudent policies led to a slowdown in the late 1990s. GDP growth was steady during the mid-2000s at a rate of 7%; however, slowed down during the Economic crisis of 2008 to 4.7%. A large inflation rate of 24.4% and a low savings rate, and other economic factors, continue to make it difficult to sustain a high growth rate. Pakistan’s GDP is US$167 billions. The structure of the Pakistani economy has changed from a mainly agricultural base to a strong service base. Agriculture now only accounts for roughly 20% of the GDP, while the service sector accounts for 53% of the GDP. Significant foreign investments have been made in several areas including telecommunications, real estate and energy. Other important industries include apparel and textiles (accounting for nearly 60% of exports), food processing, chemicals manufacture, and the iron and steel industries. Pakistan’s exports in 2008 amounted to $20.62 billion (USD). Pakistan is a rapidly developing country. Historically, Pakistan’s overall economic output (GDP) has grown every year since a 1951 recession. Despite this record of sustained growth, Pakistan’s economy had, until a few years ago, been characterized as unstable and highly vulnerable to external and internal shocks. However, the economy proved to be unexpectedly resilient in the face of multiple adverse events concentrated into a four-year (1998-2002) period – the Asian financial crisis. economic sanctions – according to Colin Powell, Pakistan was “sanctioned to the eyeballs”; The global recession of 2001-2002; a severe drought – the worst in Pakistan’s history, lasting about four years; heightened perceptions of risk as a result of military tensions with India – with as many as 1 million troops on the border, and predictions of impending (potentially nuclear) war; the post-9/11 military action in neighboring Afghanistan, with a massive influx of refugees from that country; Despite these adverse events, Pakistan’s economy kept growing, and economic growth accelerated towards the end of this period. This resilience has led to a change in perceptions of the economy, with leading international institutions such as the IMF, World Bank, and the ADB praising Pakistan’s performance in the face of adversity. Due to inflation and economic crisis worldwide, Pakistan’s economy reached a state of Balance of Payment crisis. “The International Monetary Fund bailed out Pakistan in November 2008 to avert a balance of payments crisis and in July last year increased the loan to $11.3 billion from an initial $7.6 billion.” Today Pakistan is amongst the elite group of 11 countries,also termed as ‘The Next Eleven”identified by Goldman Sachs investment bank as having a high potential of becoming the world’s largest economies in the 21st century along with the BRICs. By October 2007, Pakistan raised back its Foreign Reserves to a handsome $16.4 billion. Exceptional policies kept Pakistan’s trade deficit controlled at $13 billion, exports boomed to $18 billion, revenue generation increased to become $13 billion and attracted foreign investment of $8.4 billion. The middle term however may be less turbulent, depending on the political environment. The EIU estimates that inflation should drop back to single digits in 2010, and that growth should pick up to over 5% per annum by 2011. Although less than the previous 5 year average of 7%, it would represent an overcoming of the present crisis wherein growth is a mere 3.5-4%. SOCIAL ANALYSIS: Pakistan is that country that shares common values, language and customs. Pakistan is an Islamic republic; of its population 97 percent are Muslim’s, 2 percent are Christian’s and 1 percent are Hindu’s or Buddhists. Pakistan has very good moral values regarding cultural and language. Pakistanis use their official language and practice their Islamic laws. There is fully freedom for minorities regarding their religion, culture and language. a) Education: Pakistan has very good education system and it is free up to graduate levels. Students are prepared to the requirements of study, and they are the assets of the nation. Pakistan spends 75% of total national budget on education. Every province has good universities and there are many international students from around the world in engineering, medicine, literature and textile engineering. There are literacy rate is 35%, out of them male is 47 percent and female is 2l percent. b) Railroads Pakistan has railroads (8,773 Km), high ways (110,677 Km); 110 airports and two big sea ports (Gwadar and Mohammed bin Basin) for trade. Pakistan is still improving their highways system and recently they built a free high way that covers east to west and north to south. Pakistan has a good transportation system that is really helpful for trade from one city to another city. c) Freedom From Outside Control: Citizens of Pakistan are free from control by any agency or force. They are free and independent. The government are not allowed to interfere with personal interaction. Pakistan also provide the protection to citizens regarding international involvement, if any body involved in any activity they are not to be taken out of the country. d) Income Distribution: Gini Index: 41 Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: 4.1% highest 10%: 27.7% (1996) middle 10%: 10.5% e)Protection of Public Health and Safety Government tries to regulate safety direction and also provide free health facilities, but there is no enforcement of these laws. Big companies don’t want to pay attention regarding the health and safety regulations, they just want to make money. Pakistani government made many plans regarding the disease and they are try to cure from every prospective. f)Pakistan has a growing upper
Indiana Wesleyan University Compensation And Benefits Essay
Indiana Wesleyan University Compensation And Benefits Essay.
Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.Refer to Chapter 6: Compensation and Benefits , and Chapter 7: Retention and Motivation in Human Resource Management, Chapter 2: Employment Law Basics, How to Build Incentive Plans that Actually Work and the The Remuneration Handbook: A Practical and Informative Handbook for Managing Reward and Recognition. Consider your personal knowledge and experience, and additional relevant resources to facilitate scholarly, well developed responses to the discussion questions.Navigate to the threaded discussion and respond to the following using the same headings as below in your post:Exempt or Non-Exempt: What is the difference between exempt and non-exempt jobs?Negotiating Pay Benefits: You are applying for your dream job and are at the point of negotiating salary and benefits.Identify your dream job and the geographical location of the job.What questions would you ask your prospective employer concerning benefits?Describe the benefits package you would try to negotiate for yourself.Incentive Plan: Referring to the The Remuneration Handbook: A Practical and Informative Handbook for Managing Reward and Recognition and the other resources available: Create a five step incentive plan Your initial post is due by the end of the fourth day of the workshop.The initial posting is to be 200-300 words in length and supported by at least two sources properly cited and referenced:(a) Human Resource Management textbook, and (b) an academic journal article obtained through OCLS. Read and respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings and any additional questions posed by the instructor by end of the workshop. Your feedback is to be substantive in nature by evidencing critical thinking.Each response should be 200-300 words in length and include at least the following two sources properly cited and referenced:(a) Human Resource Management textbook, and (b) an academic journal article obtained through OCLS. For questions on APA Style, go to OCLS APA Writing Styles Guides.
Indiana Wesleyan University Compensation And Benefits Essay
Eastern Oregon University Business Intelligence Styles Summary Table
Eastern Oregon University Business Intelligence Styles Summary Table.
Now that you’ve learned a bit about Business Intelligence (BI), I’d like you to demonstrate that understanding by conducting some web research and preparing a summary table. You will first investigate the styles of BI, then consider the products and services of a company that specializes in BI. Instructions:Complete Exercise 9 on Page 50 of the textbook. For convenience, the exercise is presented here:Read Styles-of-Enteprise-BI-and-Analyics.pdfActions. Prepare a summary table for each style.In addition to the summary table, I would like you to provide a brief statement – no more than two paragraphs or 250 words – on how the five styles map to Chapter 1, in other words, what parts of the Chapter address each style. Here you are free to reference textbook sections and general content of the sections.
Eastern Oregon University Business Intelligence Styles Summary Table