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Mergers and Acquisitions in Pharmaceutical Industry

Businesses grow externally by acquiring, or combining with, other ongoing businesses. When two companies combine, the acquiring company generally pays for the acquired business either with cash or with its own securities, and the acquired company’s liabilities and assets are transferred to the acquiring company. A merger is technically a combination of two or more companies in which all but one of the combining companies legally cease to exist and the surviving company continues in operation under its original name. A consolidation is a combination in which all of the combining companies are dissolved and a new firm is formed. The term merger is generally used to describe both of these types of business combinations. An acquisition is also used interchangeably with merger to describe a business combination. 1.1 Types of Merger Mergers are generally classified according to whether they are horizontal, vertical, or conglomerate. A Horizontal merger is a combination of two or more companies that compete directly with one another. A vertical merger is a combination of companies that may have a buyer-seller relationship with one another. A conglomerate merger is a combination of two or more companies in which neither competes directly with the other and no buyer-seller relationship exists. 1.2 Form of Merger Transactions A merger transaction may be a stock purchase or an asset purchase. The acquiring company buys the stock of the to-be-acquired company and assumes its liabilities. In an asset purchase, the acquiring company buys only the assets (some or all) of the to-be-acquired company and does not assume any of its liabilities. Normally, the buyer of a business prefers an asset purchase rather than a stock purchase, because unknown liabilities, such as any future lawsuits against the company, are not incurred. 1.3 Joint Ventures Some companies who don’t want to merge are choosing an option of joint ventures. In joint venture two (unaffiliated) companies contribute financial and/or physical assets, as well as personnel, to a new company formed to engage in some economic activity, such as production or marketing of a product. 2.0 Pharmaceutical M
UC Project Management California High Speed Rail Question.

Find an article describing a national project in detail. On the basis of the article and on your understanding of the project, answer the questions below. State any assumptions that you feel are necessary to provide answers.

Who were the stakeholders?
Was it an internal or external project?
What were the most important resources used in the project? Explain.
What were the needs and expectations of each stakeholder?
What are the alternative approaches for this project?
Was the approach selected for the project the best, in your opinion? Explain.
What were the risks in the project?
Rank the risks according to severity.
What was done or could have been done to mitigate those risks?
Was the project a success? Why?
Was there enough outsourcing in the project? Explain.
What lessons can be learned from this project?

UC Project Management California High Speed Rail Question

COM 110 Evolution of Hong Kong Martial Art Films Essay

COM 110 Evolution of Hong Kong Martial Art Films Essay.

I’m working on a film Essay and need support to help me understand better.

Films watched in entirety:Fist of Fury (Dir. Lo Wei, starring Bruce Lee, 1972)Supercop (Dir. Stanley Tong, starring Jackie Chan and Michelle Yeoh, 1992)A Better Tomorrow (Dir. John Woo, starring Chow Yun-fat, 1986)Infernal Affairs (Dir. Andrew Lau and Alan Mak, starring Andy Lau and Tony Leung Chiu-wai, 2002)Additional list (film clips shown in class):Dragon Gate Inn (Dir. King Hu, 1967)Enter the Dragon (Dir. Robert Clouse, starring Bruce Lee, 1972)Drunken Master (Dir. Yuen Woo-ping, starring Jackie Chan, 1978)Once Upon a Time in China (Dir. Tsui Hark, starring Jet Li, 1991)Rumble in the Bronx (Dir. Stanley Tong, starring Jackie Chan, 1995)Wing Chun (Dir. Yuen Woo-ping, starring Michelle Yeoh, 1994)Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Dir. Ang Lee, starring Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi, 2001)Ip Man (Dir. Wilson Yip, starring Donnie Yen, 2008)The Killer (Dir. John Woo, starring Chow Yun-fat, 1989)Choose and focus on at least three films from the above lists, or from relevant films that are analyzed in your textbook Planet Hong Kong written by Professor David Bordwell. The three films should be directed by three different directors and feature three different stars. Discuss and compare the generic characteristics and historical evolution of Hong Kong martial arts films and action films in terms of theme, plot, and/or style. The minimum length of the paper should be 5 full pages, double-space, font size 12 (preferred script: Times New Roman). If you wish to choose any film from outside the above lists, please let me know first. You should not write about the films of one particular star or director only.
COM 110 Evolution of Hong Kong Martial Art Films Essay

Supplier Organisation’s Financial Performance Coursework

assignment writing services Executive Summary The report is devoted to the analysis of the financial performance of a potential supplier (the Supplier). To understand if the company is eligible for a sourcing exercise, we will conduct the ratio analysis and evaluate various balance sheet indicators based on such pre-qualification criteria as financial stability, commercial capabilities, technological capabilities, and stakeholder accountability. Financial analysis of any economic entity helps to identify the extent to which an organization is efficient and effective in carrying out its activities and reflects its overall economic well-being, the level of financial development, and ability to meet its obligations. A favorable financial condition is estimated, first of all, by the company’s financial stability and solvency. For this reason, the given criteria will be regarded as core attributes in the given paper and will be used as benchmarks during the provision of recommendations regarding the employment of the Supplier. Ratio Analysis Profitability Gross Profit Margin (GPM) indicates the effectiveness and efficiency of enterprise operations. 2013 2014 Gross Profit 25,622 36,761 Sales Revenue 138,276 161,438 GPM 18,5% 22,7% There are no unified normative criteria for the evaluation of GPM values. However, positive values and upward trends can usually be considered as good signs. Higher GPMs are associated with higher shares of gross profit in the sales revenue structure. It is possible to say that the Supplier’s GPM values ranging in the diapason of 18,5 and 23 mirrors the stability and efficiency in the functioning of production assets. At the same time, the growth of gross profitability by over 4 grades during one year shows an increase in production efficiency, i.e., a decline in production costs. Markup is the difference between the retail and wholesale price of goods/services necessary to cover the costs and obtain an average profit by the enterprise. 2013 2014 Gross Profit 25,622 36,761 Cost of Sales (112,654) (124,677) Markup 22,7% 29,4% The ratio analysis makes it clear that the Supplier’s operations remain profitable and the margin covers all costs associated with sales and indirect taxes (VAT, excise taxes, etc.). Net Profit Margin (NPM) indicates the profit volume that the Supplier received per a unit of cost of the capital about all types of the organization’s resources regardless of the sources of their financing. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More 2013 2014 Net Profit before Interest and Tax 99,234 127,332 Sales Revenue 138,276 161,438 NPM 71,7% 78,8% Like in the case with GPM, higher NPM values, and the upward trends signify the financial health of the organization. The Supplier’s NPM numbers show that the company effectively uses the capital invested in the enterprise by its shareholders. NPM also impacts the stock price of the enterprise. Based on the results of the ratio analysis, it is possible to say that the level of the Supplier’s stock quotes is adequate. Liquidity Current Assets Ratio (CAR) provides an overall overview of the liquidity of assets showing how much cash the company’s current assets account for a unit of current liabilities. 2013 2014 Current Assets 37,386 48,954 Current Liabilities (33,842) (43,524) CAR 1,1:1 1,1:1 The logic of calculating this indicator is that the company repays short-term liabilities mainly due to current assets. Therefore, the fact that the Supplier’s current assets exceed the current liabilities in value shows that the enterprise can be regarded as successfully functioning. At the same time, to achieve a greater level of sustainability, the Supplier should strive to increase the ratio. Acid Test Ratio (ATR) has the same purpose as the previous indicator but is calculated on a narrower range of current assets when the least liquid part of them is excluded from the calculation. 2013 2014 Current Assets – Stocks 35,939 48,228 Current Liabilities (33,842) (43,524) ATR 1:1 1,1:1 Being one of the most stringent criteria for the assessment of liquidity, ATR shows how many of the short-term loan obligations can be repaid immediately if necessary. The results show that the Supplier managed to increase the amount of cash that can be used in the event of a forced sale of production stocks during 2014. However, the margin is on the borderline and, in the case of emergency or crisis, the company may be faced with significant financial losses. Inventory Turnover shows how many times the organization used the average available stock balance during the analyzed period. 2013 2014 Cost of Sales (112,654) (124,677) Average Stock 0,363 0,723 Inventory Turnover 1,1 days per year 2,1 days per year This indicator characterizes the quality of reserves and the effectiveness of their management; it allows identifying the remains of unused, obsolete, or substandard reserves. The low level of the Supplier’s inventory turnover ratio per 2013 may reflect the accumulation of surplus stocks and unusable materials, as well as the overall inefficient warehouse management (National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces, 2014). However, the increase in the value by 2014 may indicate a slight improvement in the operating cycle. We will write a custom Coursework on Supplier Organisation’s Financial Performance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Trade Debtor Collection Period Ratio (TDCPR) shows how many times during a year, the Supplier received payments in the amount of the average balance of unpaid debt from its customers. 2013 2014 Closing Trade Debtors 30,457 35,975 Sales Revenue 138,276 161,438 TDCPR 80,3 81,3 Like other turnover indicators, there are no uniform standards for the evaluation of TDCPR as the values strongly depend on the industry features and technology implemented by organizations. However, it is possible to say that the Supplier’s TDCPR reflects that the company is on good terms with buyers regarding the issues linked to collecting receivables and effectively manages them through democratic and adequate policies. Although higher coefficients would mean that the company’s clients/buyers repay their debts faster and it would be better for it, the lack of tight control over the repayment of receivables is beneficial for contracting organizations. It implies that the Supplier values its customers yet controls them via the enforcement of a balanced payment discipline. Trade Creditor Payment Period Ratio (TCPPR) shows what time it takes for the Supplier to make a payment in the amount of the average balance of unpaid debt to its creditors. 2013 2014 Closing Trade Creditors (33,842) (43,524) Sales Revenue 138,276 161,438 TCPPR 89,3 98,4 Based on the ratio indicators, it is possible to say that the Supplier is less responsible regarding the control over creditor payments than in the case of debtor payment collection. Moreover, the increase in the values during the year may be a sign of the weakening of the company’s payment discipline, and the given factor may have a negative impact (e.g., working capital deficits) on contracting organizations. At the same time, researchers suggest that effective activity is not necessarily always accompanied can be mirrored in high turnover rates. For instance, if a sale is carried out on a credit basis, the balance of receivables will be high while its turnover ratio, on the contrary, will be low (Harrison Jr., Horngren,

Northcentral University Cyber Security Bank of America Paper

Northcentral University Cyber Security Bank of America Paper.

I’m working on a cyber security writing question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

For this assignment, you must write a paper that explains business contingency, continuity, disaster, and crisis foundations for an organization of your choice. The organization should be a medium to a large organization that is dependent on information systems and significantly exposed should they fail. You may use an actual organization you are familiar with that needs improvements in information systems contingency planning or you can conduct an online search for an organization using several of the following keywords: sample, example, case study, business continuity, disaster recovery, information systems.Begin by selecting an organization and then writing a short paper about the organization. Your paper should include the following: Description of the organization Description of the industry, location, and processes the organization requires to operate Rationale about the relevance of the organization as a suitable target for the course The meaning and the role of information technology for each of the following terms: Business contingency Business continuity Disaster recovery Crisis management Business impact analysis Data protection and data backup requirements Ideas and concerns for the broader business continuity arena of the organization Potential challenges that might make business continuity planning difficult Length: 7-10 page academic paper, not including title and references.References: Cite at least 6 recent scholarly resources.The completed assignment should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts presented in the course by providing new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.
Northcentral University Cyber Security Bank of America Paper

Please analyze “The Lottery.” In this post, you will choose one moment from the film using the following parts

Please analyze “The Lottery.” In this post, you will choose one moment from the film using the following parts. Please analyze “The Lottery.” In this post, you will choose one moment from the film using the following parts of your ONE paragraph. Acknowledge the post existence [aka. salutations], point out a positive in the post and explain why you feel that way, then point out a critique [further thought, major grammar issue(s), your disagreement]. 1- analyze the language of the chosen speaker with 3 sentences showing 3rd level of understanding reference. 2- then analyze the theory with 3 sentences Rules: 1. Please choose ONE quote and write it first. Remember, there are three parts to a quote: Signal phrase, “……..” (parenthetical citation). 2. Please focus on the character that you have quoted. 3. Please choose one moment in time (scene) to focus on. 4. it cannot be more than 10 sentences 5. Think outside of the box! However, “nothing exists outside of the text.”–Jacques Derrida Please analyze “The Lottery.” In this post, you will choose one moment from the film using the following parts

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