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Menomonie High School The First Amendment Essay

Menomonie High School The First Amendment Essay.

I’m working on a law report and need a reference to help me understand better.

Lesson SummaryTime to WriteIn the previous lessons, you refined the skills you need for writing an informative/explanatory article. Read a complete sample of an informative/expository article.To prepare for writing your informative/explanatory article, you have:completed your researchidentified credible sourcescreated an annotated bibliographycreated an outlinelearned how to write specifically using domain-specific and precise language, fluid sentences, and transitions
Now, it’s time to write your first draft.© Jose Luis Pelaez Inc / Blend / Learning Pictures/ Universal Images Group/Image Quest 2013Gather your pre-writing notes and start writing! Remember, you have previously completed the following documents to support you as you write:Annotated bibliographyOutline Planning GuideTools for Informative/Explanatory Writing Notes
Step 1:Write a complete draft of at least 500 words. Your draft should include:introduction with a hook (include a simile or metaphor)body paragraph 1—history, amendment, and advocate quotebody paragraph 2—landmark court case and at least one quotationbody paragraph 3—contemporary court cases and at least one quotationconclusionMLA in-text citations foradvocate quotelandmark court casecontemporary court casestransitionsdomain-specific vocabularyRemember, you may use online resources to help create citations, such as EasyBib or Son of Citation Machine.Step 2:Highlight all transition words in yellow.Highlight all domain-specific language in green.Highlight any metaphors or similes in pink.In this assessment, your first draft will be graded with the Writing Your Informative/Explanatory Article rubric. This rubric will check for the content of your draft as well as the organization of your writing. Check the rubric to verify the requirements for your informative/explanatory article.
Menomonie High School The First Amendment Essay

Introduction Climate change is a major world issue, average temperatures have risen across the globe by 1oC between 1906 and 2005 with a more rapid increase over the last 50 years (Conserve Energy Future, 2017], this rise has been attributed to global warming (McGrath, 2017). Emissions of gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) and Methane (CH4) contribute to this global warming and are known as greenhouse gases (NASA, 2017), though the Environmental Protection Agency in the United States of America stated in 2017 that CO2 was not a primary contributor to global climate change (McGrath, 2017). Energy use is a major producer of these greenhouse gases, governments around the world have put in place measures to reduce the production of these gases by introducing rules to improve energy efficiency (Conserve Energy Future, 2017]. In the UK energy use, can be broken down into 4 main areas, Transport, Domestic, Industrial and Services Sector (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, 2016). This report will look at energy usage of buildings and techniques that can be utilised to improve a buildings energy efficiency. UK Energy Usage The breakdown of the UK’s energy usage across the 4 main areas in 2015 was as follows (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, 2016): – Transport 40% Domestic 29% Industry 17% Services Sector 14% The fuels used to provide this energy were a mixture of Gas, Electricity, Solid fuels, Petroleum and Bioenergy (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, 2016). Both industry and transport use large amounts of energy undertaking their processes be it production lines or the operation of various modes of transport such as trains or buses rather than the running of buildings (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, 2016). Energy usage is fundamental to the operation of any building be it for lighting, heating, cooling, cooking or other services such as lifts (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003), with most of this energy being provided by either gas or electricity (Department for Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy, 2016). Thus, Improving the energy efficiency of a building can considerable reduce the amount of energy that is used. Over the last 30 years there has been a considerable increase in energy usage by office blocks due to the rise in the use of technologies such as large computers and the increased use of air conditioning systems (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003). In the service sector office buildings are second to retail units in the levels of energy that they consume, and these office buildings contribute to 1.1% of the UK CO2 emissions each year (Pothitou, Connaughton and Torriti, 2015). Figure 1: Energy Usage of a standard Office and Efficient Office, Source: – (Knissel, 1999) To become more energy efficient a building needs to use less energy to undertake the same tasks or role (International Energy Agency, 2017), as figure 1 above shows, improvements from a standard office block to a super-efficient office block can reduce energy usage by 70% (Knissel, 1999) Lighting In a commercial office, the lighting uses up to 50% of all the electricity consumed (Irish Energy Centre, 1995) and 35% of the total the energy consumption of the building (Knissel, 1999). Lighting can be broken down into several types these being access lighting, task lighting, emergency lighting and effects lighting (Irish Energy Centre, 1995). For a building to become more energy efficient attention needs to be paid to the lighting design to reduce the level of usage, technological advances mean that improvements in the efficiencies of lighting can be done in several ways (Energy Saving Trust, 2017), some of these can also be applied to existing office buildings without too much work having to be undertaken other methods need major alterations to incorporate into older buildings and are more suited to new buildings or buildings going through major refurbishment (The Renewable Energy Hub, 2016). The simple replacement of existing lamps within light fittings can reduce energy usage, with more modern fluorescent tubes being 25% more energy efficient than older versions and compact fluorescent lamps using up to 75% less energy than an old tungsten lamps (Irish Energy Centre, 1995), these tungsten lamps having been invented over 100 years ago(Energy Saving Trust, 2017) Light Emitting Diodes lamps (LEDs) are also now available and are up to 80% more efficient than the tungsten lamps (Energy.gov, 2013), when invented in the 1960’s LEDs were no more efficient than tungsten lamps it has only been in the last ten years that great improvements in their efficiency has been achieved (Energy.gov, 2013). This method of energy efficiency can be applied to existing buildings without too much trouble but does have a cost over and above normal maintenance costs of changing the lamps but by the energy saved the LED lamps can pay back their extra initial cost within 3 years. (Corkhill, 2014). Another area where lighting can be made more efficient is insuring that it is only used when required and that lights are turned out when not in use (Open Technology, 2016). The use of sensors such as proximity or absence detection also means that the lights come on automatically when occupied and turn off after a period of non-occupancy (Open Technology, 2016), the dis-advantages of this can that someone sitting still at a desk may not activate the sensor and the light may go out while they are still there. Office areas can also be divided into different lighting zones with different controls for each zone, lights then only need to be on in areas of the office that are occupied or being used (Knissel 1999) leading to further efficiency. The use of daylight sensors to adjust the amounts of artificial light used when there is sufficient natural light helps reduce energy usage (Carbon Trust, 2017). This may be achieved by having lights that either switch off or dim depending on levels of natural light in an area and can be used alongside lighting zones so that the lights closest to the windows dim separately when the natural light levels increase (Open Technology, 2016). Dimming controls and timers can also be utilised to minimise energy usage, it may be that less lamps operate at a lower light level at certain times of the day such as during the evenings or night while cleaning of the office is being undertaken (Open Technology, 2016). The room layouts can also play a part in energy efficiency by positioning desks to make more use of natural light and by painting walls and ceilings light colours can maximise the effectiveness of the lights (Irish Energy Centre, 1995). Thermal Comfort All individuals working in an office want to feel comfortable and not to be either to hot or too cold no matter what time of the year it is (Seton, 2015). There are 6 factors which can affect the thermal comfort of people within an office environment, these can be broken down into environmental factors and personnel factors (HSE, 2016). The 4 environmental factors being Air Temperature, Air velocity, radiant temperature and relative humidity (Harish, 2017), the other 2 factors are personnel these being clothing and metabolic heat (HSE, 2016). The Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) have identified several elements of a building that will affect the thermal environment these being items such as glazing, ventilation, air tightness, thermal mass, plant and equipment, waste heat along with working patterns, activities and workforce profile (Seton, 2015). CIBSE also provide recommendations on the temperatures levels, air supply and illuminance to provide a comfort level that will be acceptable to 80% of the occupants (Woods, 2015), this does though mean that there will be 20% that do not find it comfortable (Woods, 2015). Due to personnel preferences, it is not possible to find settings that are acceptable to all occupants and the recommendations are levels deemed to be a healthy office environment (HSE, 2016) Figure 2 – CIBSE Comfort recommendations for Offices Conditions Temperature (°C) Air Supply per person (l/s/person) Illuminance Noise Rating (NR) Summer (Light Clothing) 22-25 8 500 35 Winter (Warm Clothing 21-23 8 500 35 Source: – CIBSE Guide A: Environment Design 2015 (Woods, 2015) Many office blocks have heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems (HVAC) to maintain these comfort levels (Carbon Trust, 2017), figure 1 earlier in this report shows that in a standard office these systems use up to 42% of the all the energy consumed by the office block (Knissel, 1999). For the most efficient use of these HVACs systems it is important to design the buildings fabric to reduce the load imposed on these HVACs systems (Harish, 2017). For example, radiant temperature can involve both heat gain and heat loss through the structure, this is especially so near large windows, in these instances the structure can be designed with solar shading such as brise soleil or reflective blinds on elevations facing the sun to reduce solar heat gain (Harish, 2017). The windows can also be designed with triple glazed glass along with blinds that have thermal insulating properties to help reduce heat loss during the cooler months of the year (Harish, 2017). These measure help reduce the amount of work that either the cooling system or heating systems must undertake (Knissel, 1999), the disadvantage that any shading or blinds have is that they reduce the amount of natural light entering the building leading to the extra usage of artificial lighting. Heating in office buildings is usually provided by a central boiler (CIBO, 1997), the efficiency of the boiler can depend upon the fuel used, back in 1997 the typical energy efficiency for boilers based on fuel varied greatly as shown in figure 3. Figure 3 – Typical Efficiency for New Boilers in 1997 Fuel Full Load Efficiency % Low Load Efficiency % Coal 85 75 Oil 80 72 Gas 75 70 Biomass 70 60 Source: – (CIBO, 1997) Improvement in technology has meant boiler efficiency has greatly improved since 1997, micro combined heat and power (mCHP) boilers are now available for offices and domestic properties, prior to 2006 these were only economically available on extremely large scales (The Renewable Energy Hub, 2016). CHP boilers simultaneously generate useful heat and electricity making better use of the fuel being used (Ecoliving, 2017). Figure 4 – Micro Combined Heat and Power Boiler Schematic. Source: – (The Renewable Energy Hub, 2016). These combined heat and power boilers can be up to 98% efficient, with the electricity produced being either used by the building or returned to the main grid (The Renewable Energy Hub, 2016). A disadvantage of CHP is that it is only useful in a building that requires both hot water and electricity, if other methods are used for heating and hot water is only used for washing then a CHP is not practical (Dinneen, 2014). As well as improved efficiency of boilers and air conditioning systems better controls also help reduce energy usage, for every 1°C lower that the heating is run it reduces energy usage by up to 8% (Carbon Trust, 2017) so setting heating levels at the lower level of 21°C set by CIBSE rather than the upper winter level of 23oC can reduce the energy usage by up to 16%. In open plan areas controls to both heating and cooling should also not be accessible to the occupants as there could be instances where one individual turns up the heating in their area and another turns down the air conditioning in their zone and the two systems then try to work against each other (Carbon Trust, 2017). Some areas of a building such as computer hub rooms will require cooling all year due to the heat generated by the equipment within them (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003), the use of a heat recovering system can be utilised to use this heat for other parts of the building reducing the load put on the heating systems and reducing the energy usage (Energytechs, 2017). These heats recovering units operate by using hot air from within the building to heat fresh cool air from the external environment (Energytechs, 2017) this warmed fresh air is then circulated around the building reducing the heating requirements (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003) Figure 5 – Heat Recovery Unit, Source: – Energytechs, 2017 Conclusion Technology and energy efficiency of services for buildings is continually improving this can be seen by the advances in LED technology for lighting and the use of Combined Heat and Power boilers in smaller scale buildings that have advanced over the last 20 years (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003). Buildings can only be built as energy efficient as the technology available at the time of construction, some energy efficiency measures can be installed later if the technology becomes available but this can be costly and disruptive (Wade, Pett and Ramsay, 2003) It is though important when considering energy efficiency of buildings services to ensure that comfort levels for occupants are maintained for the tasks they are undertaking and are not compromised to achieve great energy efficiency (Irish Energy Centre, 1995) Modern technology makes more use of automated controls to assist in improving energy efficiency within buildings, this helps to remove occupant’s interference with controls and the potentially unbalancing of the systems resulting in more energy usage. As already mentioned earlier in this report the guidance figures given by CIBSE will only be acceptable to 80% of the occupants (Woods, 2015) the other 20% will be looking to alter the settings to suit their requirements so good communication with the occupants on the reasons the strategy for control settings will help with the implementation of the energy efficiency measures (Irish Energy Centre, 1995). References Carbon Trust, 2017, [Online] Available at: https://www.carbontrust.com/resources/guides/energy-efficiency/lighting/ [Accessed on 15th March 2017] CIBO, 1997. Energy Efficiency
Carlos Albizu University Literature Review on World Trade Organization Thesis Paper.

InstructionsThere are two parts to this assignment: a 5 page written literature review and an audio summary. Each is described below. The literature review should be written in Word and uploaded as an attachment within the Assignments section of the classroom. Use 12 pt. New Roman font and double-space. Be sure to put your name and class information on the document and put your name on the file. Insert page numbers on all graduate-level work. The audio portion of this assignment should be uploaded along with the written literature review, and instructions are below. Assignments will be graded using a rubric appropriate for your class level (please see the rubric below for the required number and type of sources, and the other criteria on which you will be assessed).The Literature ReviewThe purpose of this assignment is to propose a theoretical perspective that informs your research and assess the scholarly literature that has been written on your research question, including how it informs your research question and hypothesis. It should be 5 pages in length, and accompanied by an audio component (see below).Content of the literature review:The literature review should assess (1) which theoretical approach that we have covered in the course best informs your overall argument and hypothesis (e.g., socialization and interest convergence, liberal institutionalism, structural realism, feminist theory, etc.) and (2) evaluate the findings from the scholarly literature that exists on your research topic.Structure of the written literature review:The literature review is NOT an annotated bibliography. Rather, it is an analytical exercise in which you evaluate a body of literature. As such, your literature review should be organized by theme (NOT an article-by-article summary). A good literature review is a thoughtful study of what has been written, a summary of the arguments and findings that exist (whether you agree with them or not), and is arranged thematically. The literature review should be written in coherent narrative style. At the end of the evaluation, there should still be gaps in the literature that you intend to fill with your research.Here is a site explaining various ways to construct a literature review. Note that a good literature review is not a list of sources with description, but it involves synthesis and dissection of sources, with minimal use of quotes.All references must be cited in Chicago/Turabian format, which means including page numbers.The audio component:Along with your written literature review, please submit a 5 minute audio file in which you summarize the main themes, areas of agreement and disagreement among scholars, and any gaps in knowledge that remain that your research can help address. Some options for recording the audio are below.- Windows media audio file- Audacity (audacity.sourceforge.net/) Audacity is an open source digital audio editor. You can use this tool to create audio files to share. Compatible across most of the major platforms, Audacity also works with a variety of audio formats.
Carlos Albizu University Literature Review on World Trade Organization Thesis Paper

Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Morality

Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Morality.

This week’s lecture focused on moral development and ethical reasoning. As part of your readings for the week, Kohlberg’s three levels of morality were discussed. How would you have answered Heinz’s dilemma? (See readings for the week for the full dilemma). Which of Kohlberg’s three levels of morality do you feel you are in? Do you feel you are in a different level of morality in different settings (i.e. work vs. personal life?) How has your morality (if it has) progressed from your adolescence?Your work should be at least 500 words, but mostly draw from your own personal experience. This should be written in first person and give examples from your life. Be sure if you are using information from the readings that you properly cite your readings in this, and in all assignments
Kohlberg’s Three Levels of Morality

Accounting Ratio Analysis

professional essay writers Accounting Ratio Analysis. I’m studying for my Business class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Ratio analysis compares the line-item data in a firm’s financial statements, which will reveal many understandings regarding liquidity, profitability, operational efficiency, and solvency. Moreover, ratio analysis can be used to look at trends for one or more firms within the same industry or sector. Ratio analysis compares line-item data.
Respond to one or more of the following in a minimum of 175 words:

List five major categories of ratios and explain how they could be used to help a firm. What are the most important liquidity ratios and why?
What are the main objectives of ratio analysis and why is this important to external users of the financial statements, such as investors?
What is the difference between the current ratio and working capital?
What are the main objectives of comparative analysis and why are they important to external users of the financial statements, such as investors?

Accounting Ratio Analysis

Concepts of Person Health Record (PHR) Essay

Concepts of Person Health Record (PHR) Essay. What is a personal health record? Person health record (PHR) refers to an Internet based set of tools that allow people to access and coordinate their lifelong health information, and makes it available to those who need it. (Al-Ubaydli, 2011, p13). It is a consumer-centered approach to making comprehensive electronic health records present at any care point while effectively providing care for the patients’ privacy (Egges and Overmas, 2010, p. 95). How are these developed and put onto a computer system? A PHR computer system consists of a data repository that stores PHR data on a cloud data storage system which relies on a number of data centers; and a portal which allows patient access information. Depending on vendors, portal categories may include social networking, health management, financial services and decision support among others (Egges and Overmas, 2010, p. 95). There is no standard way to develop PHR model. However, a desired one can be developed using the following steps: Identity the community health concerns and integrate them as key navigators PHR. Install common PHR details based on literature including patient demographics, allergic reactions, hereditary diseases, chronic diseases, immunization records, blood type and other procedures. Develop and apply specific/Desired field self assessment test. (Citl, et al, 2008, p. 113). How is data secured and accessed? Security is well checked by Most of PHR computer system. Physician should also keep patients information secure. Everyone has the right to view/access their health records. This can be achieved copies of records, or request a summary of the information. Always one should ask and complete the authorization form, which is returned to the facility. For any errors or omission, request for amendment from the organization offering the facility. (Al-Ubaydli, 2011, p. 2) What types of regulations are applicable to these types of systems? There are many existing and proposed procedures and applications that regulate the numerous PHR computer systems. These regulations include accurate and a timely diagnosis, security, network synchronization, documentation and medical equipment and authentication (Egges and Overmas, 1998). To avoid incompatibilities across computer systems during transfer of data, open standards are used. For example, Health Level Seven (HL7) is a consensus standard for electronic data exchange in healthcare. It defines standard formats for sending or receiving data on patient admission, lab results, invoicing, referral, registration and other orders. This makes communication between different departments smooth. Other adopted regulations are: DICOM defines messages for encoding and exchanging medical images, X12 that sets standards for exchanging consents, transfers or invoicing records. CorbaMED provides universal object models for several inter-operating systems. What are the advantages? The benefits of using HPR computer systems are: improves doctor-patient relationship via decision support, communications, and documentation. Usually, HPR is comprehensive, carrying patients lifespan medical and treatment history that can be used in case of retrospective analysis or be used as a baseline for certain medication. More so, HPR makes all the information to be available/accessible whenever necessary thus reducing delays and any other inconveniences. Other benefits include the ability to back up, print and store in various mass storage devices such as DVDs and flash disk. (Lewis et al 2005). Improved quality care in that it reduces medical error and improved legibility for analysts to perform. Since automated technology are used, Operational cost is reduced through freeing up time and money. What are the disadvantages? Lack of a standard HRP computer system model, thus different institution use incompatible means of receiving, processing, storing and distribution of data. This practice impedes sharing of data across different applications and institutions. Computers can be prone to physical loss and damage and the data that it contains. (Citl et al, 2008, p. 113). Insecurity and privacy questions may arise in that there is a greater probability that portions of personal record could be downloaded or altered by the institution to suit their data. The resultant is impersonation and other medical – related theft in case of institutions such as insurance companies. Lastly, most of the doctors are reluctant to embrace this program claiming it is too costly in terms of money and time. What key questions should this person ask of an IT vendor? Ensure the PHR vendor he/she opts for is willing to sign a comprehensive business associate agreement; also, confirm that the vendor is audited to comply with the guidelines of HIPAA. In addition, he/she should determine whether the vendor remotely hosts an application via cloud computing and provides a way for a client to retrieve their health information in case the company goes out of business One should also question the degree of privacy i.e. steps taken to dispose all paper work when entering data into the computer. How is the PHR computer system of benefit to public health? Through PHRs, public health can monitor outbreaks, research, and Disease epidemiology. They can contribute towards supporting and enhancing the health of the public through seminars, sharing of individual experience, and management of certain health conditions. More so, it is immediate retrieval of patients’ information causing a leading edge in networking technologies and mobile communication. Explain the challenges to the adoption on PHR and how to overcome them? The contentious issue of how patients are uniquely identified could impede the design choices and desire for a similarly distributed system of records. Therefore, acceptable procedures for storing and backing up data to prevent loss in case of tragedies and disasters should be developed. An agreement whether emergency overrides patients policy should be reached. More so, the possibilities of retracting information that has been given to auditors should be put into consideration. Measures to take to sanction policy violators should also be considered. What is the Difference between PHR and EHR? A personal health record is a consumer – centered approach to making comprehensive electronic health, providing accessibility to them when required and are stored with high security to individual’s privacy (Egges and Overmas, 2010, p. 95). An electronic health record (EHR) is a sprouting model of an organized gathering of medical information concerning patients and the general population. Conclusion The essay has provided answers to a number of questions. This include defining a personal health record and how it’s developed into a computer system. Data security and accessibility has also been highlighted. There are regulations that govern personal health records in electronic form. Using computerized health records has both advantages and disadvantages. There are questions that an IT vendor should be asked. Computerized personal health records are also beneficial to the public health. How to uniquely identify patients is one of the main challenges and there’s a difference between a personal health record and an electronic health record. References Al-Ubaydli, M. (2011)-Personal Health Records: A Guide for Clinicians. Blackwell publishers: West Sussex. Citl, et al (2008). The value of Personal Health Record books.google.com. Center for Information Technology Leadership (CITL), Healthcare Information and Management System Society (HIMS). Egges, A. and Overmas, M. (1998). Lecture notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, London: Springer. Lewis et al (2005). Consumer health informatics: informing consumers and improving health care. New York: Springer. Concepts of Person Health Record (PHR) Essay

University of California San Diego Loop Code Block Java Project

University of California San Diego Loop Code Block Java Project.

Please make sure to submit the assessment with all of your code written below Question #9 in the Final Code Section. The code should be able to be copied and pasted into a program and then run without any changes being made to its format or syntax. //1. Declare a variable named “counter” and assign it an initial value of 10.
//2. Next, declare another new variable named “numbers” and assign it the initial value of an empty array.
//3. Now, declare a for loop and configure it so that it runs a total of ten times. Within the loop’s code block, increment the “counter” variable by 73, and push the new value of the “counter” variable into the “numbers” array.
//4. Below the code for your for loop, console log out the “numbers” array to the console.
//5. Next, create a conditional statement which checks if the value of the “counter” variable is greater than 740. If the value is greater than 740, console log the string “Maximum array number exceeded”, if the value is not greater than 740, console log the string “Array values within specification”.
//6. Now, declare a new variable named “stats”. Assign it the value of an empty object literal.
// Now that you have completed creating the arguments which will be passed into the function, it is time to create the function!
//7a. Declare a function named “getStats”.
//7b. Declare two parameters for the “getStats” function, “statsObj” (which will receive an object as an argument), and “numbersArr” (which will receive an array as an argument).

// Within the “getStats” function’s code block, create the following functionality:
//7c. Use a for loop to find the largest number in the “numberArr” parameter, and then assign that number to a new property on the “statsObj” parameter named “largestNum”. Do not use the “Math” object, or any JavaScript function to find the largest number.
//7d. Use a while loop to sum all of the numbers in the “numbersArr” parameter, and store that sum in a variable named “arrTotal”. Do not use the “Math” object, or any JavaScript function to sum the numbers in the array.
//7e. Divide the value you stored in “arrTotal” by the total number of elements in “numbersArr” to get the average of all numbers in the “numbersArr” and assign that value into a variable named “arrAverage”. Then, assign the value stored in the “arrAverage” variable to a property on the “statsObj” parameter named “averageNum”.
//7f. Lastly, return the “statsObj” parameter from the function.

// Outside of the “getStats” function, complete the final steps below:
//8. Call the “getStats” function and pass in the “stats” object and “numbers” array you created in steps 1 – 6 as arguments. Store the object which is returned from the “getStats” function into a variable named “returnedStats”.
//9. Finally, concatenate the values stored in the “returnedStats” object into appropriate places the following string “The largest number was ### and the average of all the numbers was ###” and console log the completed string to the console.

University of California San Diego Loop Code Block Java Project