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Members of Los Tres Grandes in the Mexican Muralist Movement

Members of Los Tres Grandes in the Mexican Muralist Movement. Los Tres Grandes “The artist must paint as he would speak. I don’t want people to speculate what I mean, I want them to understand.” David Alfaro Siqueiros, a key member of the Mexican Muralism movement said this to describe how he felt about his work as a muralist. Siqueiros, like other muralists during this time, used murals as a way to spread visual messages to the masses. These murals were effective because they were shown in very public forums and although the masses were often illiterate, the use of imagery and art allowed for the message to be understood by everyone. The Mexican Muralist movement started in 1920 as a way to promote pride and nationalism after the Mexican Revolution. This revolution ended with the Díaz regime overthrown and the country in a political turmoil. New political movements sprung up with intentions to establish a new Mexican society founded on its rich culture and traditions. Mexican Muralism became a big piece of this new identity as all members of society could understand the visual images, it was free, and it was made public so everyone had access to see the works of art. The murals were commissioned by the government, which allowed these murals to be painted on various buildings around Mexico. These murals were put on buildings, schools, and national offices and the art included topics such as indigenous culture, winning the revolution, and much more. Some of the most famous artists of this movement were Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, known as “los tres grandes.” Although these famous muralists were artists in the same movement, they each had different ideologies, styles, and influences that affected their work. Rivera was inspired by cubism and European styles and his artwork often depicted indigenous peoples and traditions of Mexico. Orozco often painted artwork showing fear and darkness and Siqueiros was a strong communist who painted political murals. Diego Rivera Diego Rivera was an incredible Mexican artist who has changed the world of art and made many incredible pieces. He is the most noteable of los tres grandes and like the others, left a lasting impression and legacy on those that came after him. Mexican muralist and artist, Diego Rivera was born December 1886 in Gushajuato, Mexico. When Rivera was a little boy at the age of three years old he began to draw, during this time Rivera‘s father created a studio for him to color and use canvases and his art supplies to keep Rivera from coloring on the house and furniture. When Rivera was a little boy he was very interested in trains and mechanical things, and was therefore nicknamed, “the engineer.” His family always encouraged Rivera’s talent in the art world and they decided to enroll him in a school called San Carlos Academy of Fine Art’s at the age of 12 years old. While he was there he chose to study traditional painting and sculpting techniques. Rivera learned a lot from his professors at his school, a professor named Para showed him a type of Mexican arts that was different from the European art that he was used to see. Another professor named Rebull taught him the idea that “a good drawing was the basis of a good painting.” Another professor named Lasko taught him how to create three-dimensional effects. The school was filled with a more conservative staff and professors. In the 20th century there was a Mexican Mural movement and Rivera took part in it. Rivera got involved by sharing his views through his painting as well as by protesting. In 1902, Rivera was expelled from his school because of a student protest he led after Porfirio Diaz was re-elected as president of Mexico. The president created a country where the people who disagreed with his policies were faced with harassment, imprisonment, and possible death. Most of the citizens that lived in Mexico were living in poverty and they did not have any protected rights to help them in their workplace. Instead of working, Rivera decided to focus on painting and drawing. Rivera decided to travel to Europe to continue to study art in the year 1907. He met many famous artists, one of them being Pablo Picasso. In the year 1911, Diego married a woman named Angela Bel. The two had a son who they named Diego, but he only lived for two years. While Diego was married to Angelina he was having an affair with a woman named Maria, who gave birth to a daughter that they called Marika. This caused Diego and Angelina‘s marriage to end 10 years later. While Diego was in Europe, he became a very successful painter. His art and murals were heavily inspired by the Mexican Revolution and also the Russian Revolution of 1917. This caused the style of Rivera’s artwork to change and the subject of his artwork to become more meaningful to him. He wanted to create work that would reflect the lives of native peoples in the working class. Rivera had many different things that inspired him, but when he was in Italy he was very inspired by the murals of the Renaissance period. In the year 1921, he began to make many different murals in Mexico City’s buildings. In 1922, he finished his first mural in Escuela Nacional Preparatoria. Around the same time, Riviera married a woman named Guadalupe Marin and the two had two daughters together named Guadalupe and Ruth. During the time Rivera was married to his wife Guadalupe he met his soon-to-be third wife Frida Kahlo. Frida Kahlo is also a famous Mexican painter who is most known for her self portraits. In between the 1930s in the 1940s Riviera had completed different mirrors in the United States he created one for the Rockefeller family in New York City that he called “Man at the Crossroads.” However, the painting was destroyed because the family thought it was not appropriate because it included the Russian leader at the time. Because they destroyed it, they faced a lot of heavy criticism. From 1945 to 1951, Diego began a project on a series of murals that is known today as “From the pre-Hispanic Civilization to the Conquest.” The last mural Diego ever created was called “Popular History of Mexico.” In the mid-1950s Diego’s cancer began to grow stronger and could not be cured. On November 24, 1957 Diego died in Mexico City due to heart failure. Diego Rivera‘s childhood home was turned into a museum, parts of his life were put into films such as “Cradle Will Rock” and “Frida.” Diego was an artist who did work for his country and for his people. He cared for others and the citizens of his country. My favorite painting of Diego’s is the “Man at the Crossroads.” I love this painting for multiple different reasons. The first reason is how it looks. For example, there are many different things happening in this painting including various people in the background, a man in the middle, and varying shapes throughtout the image. There are many different shapes with designs inside of them that are very beautiful and there are statues on each side. I also love this painting because of the story behind it. The story that the Rockefeller family decided to destroy the painting due to the fact that there was a Russian leader in the painting. The family decided to destroy his painting, putting a lot of heat onto the family. Additionally, it showed a lot about the way that the American people live and their distrust of Russia and communists and the climate of fear that existed in the U.S. during the Cold War era. There are two quotes that I like from Rivera. One of them is, “I’ve never believed God, but I believe in Picasso” and the other quote I like is, “ If I ever loved a woman, the more I loved her the more I wanted to hurt her.” I love these quotes because it shows you the mind of the artist Diego Rivera. To be an artist, sometimes you have experience the lowest of lows or the highest of highs to express yourself truly and create beautiful pieces of art as well as be able to share those points with an audience. For Rivera, he was able to get into the minds of the citizens in his country, because he grew up as a citizen of this country, and paint murals that the public was able to relate to. He was able to truly understand the lifestyle of the people around him. He chose to participate in movements, such as the Mexican Muralist movement, to show how he wanted to change his country and the world. He created art that showed that he was not happy with the way that this world was that he wanted it to change. His quote about Picasso that I mention above shows, first off that he did not believe in God, but second off that we are the ones in charge of the way our country goes in the way our world changes. Artist can use their work to show the evil of the world so that people are able to see the world in ways that they were not able to before. They are pointing out the bad that exists in the world and highlighting it for the public, hoping it will promote change. An artist is very powerful if people listen to them and their messages in their art and people want to hear what they have to say. If an artist is able to show their work in a way that will affect others they are doing a very good job. The second quote about loving a woman might be a little confusing to me. Rivera had many marriages in his life and loved very woman. I do not know what would make Rivera want to hurt a woman more the more he loved her. Maybe this means that as time went on it the more he grew to love her the more he knew That he had the power to hurt her because she too loves him as their love grow deeper they had more control over each other and baby this love held him back. Overall Diego Rivera changed the world of art and the way art can be used. He used it to change people minds and make them think about what is happening around them and want to change that. Diego Rivera Inspires me. José Clemente Orozco José Clemente Orozco studied art at San Carlos Academy where he was encouraged to reject European styles and adopt Mexican traits and themes into his work. He began his career as a political cartoonist, where his artwork was printed in newspapers during the revolution. Orozco witnessed the darkness and destruction of the Revolution firsthand and this affected his artwork. Despite his background as a political cartoonist, of the three muralists, Orozco’s artwork was least likely to portray his political views. Instead, his work sometimes mocked partisan politics. Of los tres grandes, Orozco’s artwork was the darkest and most ominous. His work often depicted human suffering and cruelty, most of which came from what he witnessed during the Revolution. Orozco left Mexico for the United States in 1917, where he worked as a sign-painter. He returned to Mexico in 1920 and received a public commission at the National Preparatory School in Mexico City to paint a mural as the new government’s plan to depict the new Mexican identity that was prevalent after the Revolution. He joined both Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros in painting on public buildings commissioned by the government, starting the Mexican Muralist movement. While many artists during this movement used the murals as a way to memorialize the revolution, Orozco used the murals as a way to create art to show the masses and elicit certain feelings from them. He stated that, “The highest, the most logical, the purest, and the strongest form of painting is the mural. It is also the most disinterested form, because it cannot be hidden away for the privileged few. It is for all the people.” Unlike Rivera and Siqueiros, Orozco depicted the horrors of the revolution in his murals. He believed in portraying the realness of the events, not celebrating the victories. He was against militarism and tyranny and believed the machine had destructive potential. These ideas can be seen in his painting “The Epic of American Civilization,” which consists of several panels that depict various scenes. In one particular panel called Hispano-America (see image), Orozco shows his view towards the Mexican Revolution and what it was like for the average man. In the center of the panel is a man holding a gun, which indicates that he took part in the fighting. Behind him on one side are government officials, one of which is holding a knife up ready to stab him in the back. This seems to convey that the government and military during the Revolutionary era were corrupt. In front of the man are two men who are leaning down gathering gold coins. This demonstrates the greed that existed during this time period as well. From this one panel alone, Orozco’s view of the Revolution is clear. For his darker themes and less than celebratory approach to the revolution and historical events, his artwork was heavily criticized and many of his murals were defaced. Despite many critics, Orozco’s murals at several colleges, including Pomona College and Dartmouth University, where the panels making up “The Epic of American Civilization” are found, are considered great works of art that have influenced countless artists after him. David Alfaro Siqueiros David Alfaro Siqueiros studied art and architecture in Mexico City during his early life. During this time, he partook in various student protests, mainly for educational improvements. He partook in the Mexican Revolution and later joined the Communist Party. Of the three great muralists, Siqueiros was the most radical. He was radical in his ideology as well as in the material and techniques that he used in his art. He believed in Marxist ideology and believed that his art could enact change. He believed that art could both inform and incite the masses to stand up for their beliefs and take part in a revolution if need be. His themes in his art were often of connections between money and oppression and imperialism and war. He often depicted communist political messages in his artwork. If Siqueiros were offered a painting opportunity, or commission, that conflicted with his ideology, he would refuse to do it. In addition, Siqueiros rarely used an easel because he deemed it to be too “bourgeois,” in other words, something that the wealthy would use. As someone with a Marxist ideology, Siqueiros enjoyed the idea of painting murals because it was something that could be viewed by everyone. He pained murals throughout Chile, Cuba, and Mexico, spreading his communist ideals. During his later career, his political views threatened his career and even landed him in jail for the crime of “social dissolution.” After various encounters with Mexican authorities, Siqueiros came to the United States in the 1930s and painted murals throughout Los Angeles. Siqueiros rejected the more traditional fresco techniques and used new methods and materials in his works. For his materials, Siqueiros experimented with automobile paint, painting on concave walls, and using air brushing techniques. In one of his works called Collective Suicide, Siqueiros creates a volcanic looking background. He does so by creating what he called a “controlled accident.” This “accident” consists of Siqueiros putting various automobile paints together and moving them around with different chemicals and then brushing them out. Siqueiros’s technique and style influenced others, including the famous Jackson Pollock, who also used a “controlled accident” style in his artwork. Today, Siqueiros’s artwork can be seen on walls in Los Angeles and across Latin America. While these three men discussed above are the most notable muralists after the Mexican Revolution, they were not the only ones. Leonora Carrington, Fernando Leal, and Rufino Tamayo are also muralists who were a part of this movement. Rufino Tamayo, for example, created surrealist and cubism artwork that drew on his heritage. Fernando Leal was one of the first Mexican painters to depict the Mexican Revolution and often painted religious art. These painters, including Los Tres Grandes, depicted messages of their ideologies, mainly communist, and of Mexican heritage and traditions to spread their ideals and reach the masses. Their murals were used to encourage change within their country and across the world. The muralists and their movement reached far beyond Mexico. Its ideals reached the United States, Guatemala, Ecuador, and Brazil. In the United States, this movement inspired the Chicano Art Movement of the 1960s. The Chicano movement used art to show their struggles and depict the social issues they face living in the United States. This movement is similar to the Mexican muralist movement in that they both used art as a way to convey the experiences of a group of people and share a message about these experiences and ideas. Another way the Mexican muralist movement was influential in the United States was during the Roosevelt Administration. The Mexican muralists inspired a program in the U.S., the Public Works of Art Project of 1933, which created murals and sculptures for public buildings all around the United States. Though each member of “Los Tres Grandes” had their own style, ideology, and techniques, they all used art as a way to convey a message to the masses. The Mexican Muralists spread messages of political and social resistance as means to inspire the public. They created beautiful, multi-dimensional pieces of art in these murals and influenced many artists that followed after them. The Mexican Muralists can be remembered through examination of their movement’s history as well as in observing their art left for future generations around Latin America and the United States. Works Cited Cocking, Lauren. Culture Trip. An Introduction to Mexican Muralism in 10 Iconic Artworks. March 16, 2017. https://theculturetrip.com/north-america/mexico/articles/an-introduction-to-mexican-muralism-in-10-iconic-artworks/ Coyle, Laurie. PBS. American Masters: José Clemente Orozco: Man of Fire. https://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/orozco_j_interview_en.html Diego Rivera. Diego Rivera, His Life and Art. https://www.diegorivera.org/ Folgarait, Leonard. Oxford Research Encyclopedias: Latin American History. The Mexican Muralists and Frida Kahlo. July 2017. https://oxfordre.com/latinamericanhistory/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780199366439.001.0001/acrefore-9780199366439-e-464 Kordic, Angie. WideWalls, All You Need to Know About Mexican Muralism and Muralists. June 17, 2016. https://www.widewalls.ch/mexican-muralism-muralists/ Mann, Jon. Art History Teaching Resources. Mexican Muralism. http://arthistoryteachingresources.org/lessons/mexican-muralism/ Roberts, Jodi. MoMA. Diego Rivera. 2016. https://www.moma.org/artists/4942 Souter, Anna, The Art Story: Modern Art Insight, Mexican Muralism, Jan. 22, 2017 https://www.theartstory.org/movement-mexican-muralism.htm Members of Los Tres Grandes in the Mexican Muralist Movement

FAU Holistic Intervention to Improve Emotional Intelligence Research Proposal Essay

FAU Holistic Intervention to Improve Emotional Intelligence Research Proposal Essay.

I’m working on a research & summaries report and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Assignment Length: 1500 WordsCome up with a VERY detailed research proposal that contains a Title Page, an Introduction (ending with a testable hypothesis), Methods (containing Participants, Instruments, Procedure, and a Plan of Analysis), a Summary/Conclusion, and References. This research proposal must contain a hypothesis involving a holistic intervention that intends to improve emotional intelligence upon individuals with neurological disorders. In your proposal, be sure to include a testable hypothesis (that the Intro builds to) and fully describe the intervention such that someone not at all familiar with the topic can understand your plans. A change in your DV can be assessed with a dependent t-test (before and after intervention). Note that this is not research you need to do, however, a proposal upon research regarding holistic intervention that intends to improve emotional intelligence within individuals containing neurological disorders such as ADHD, autism, etc; that you would endeavor upon or someone can replicate because you have explained it in such depth. You may be very creative, however, need to be very detailed when explaining the target population, statistical tests that need to be used, the intervention or experiment that is done, etc. Rubric Points,Proposal meets minimum word requirement (1500 words). All required sections with expected components are present and serve the intended purpose. At least three credible sources are used and properly cited/referenced to introduce the concept.Manuscript provides a clear understanding of the proposed investigation, including the psychological concept, the research question(s) and how the research question(s) will be investigated. Every section of the proposal is clear, concise, and fulfills its intended purpose. A specific hypothesis is included when appropriate.Proposal is totally APA compliant (with, e.g., APA-compliant title page, running head, section headings, indentation, line spacing, font, inline citations, references with doi’s, etc.).I AM ATTACHING A PERFECT EXAMPLE OF RESEARCH THAT HAS BEEN DONE ON A HOLISTIC INTERVENTION TO ENHANCE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE. NOTE THAT THE PAPER THAT NEEDS TO BE DONE IS A PROPOSAL AND THAT IT NEEDS TO CONTAIN A REPLICABLE EXPERIMENT/INTERVENTION REGARDING PARTICIPANTS WITH NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS. HOWEVER, THIS RESEARCH ARTICLE IS GREAT IN TERMS OF FORMATTING AS WELL AS MATERIAL AND SUCH!
FAU Holistic Intervention to Improve Emotional Intelligence Research Proposal Essay

EAS1601 Overview of Plate Tectonics and Plate Boundaries Assignment

essay order EAS1601 Overview of Plate Tectonics and Plate Boundaries Assignment.

This Write up Needs To be 2 pages (double spaced) on how you were able to reach at least 100 people on instagram (social media) on informing them about the general idea of Plate Tectonics. Answer Both Q1 & Q2 in this write up!! I posted Q1 & Q2 below. Also include the pictures i attached in the paper as well, as concrete evidence!! The images should help guide your writing answers!Below In bold i gave you answers to some of the multiple questions.If I did not answer the question with bold writing, you can create your own well organized answer.All I did was post my paper on social media and i made a poll and asked my followers did this informative paper help them understand a better understanding of plate tectonics , continental drift etc…Q1.) (at least 1 page) Measure your success rate! Did you reach your goal? Yes How many people saw your work ? 982 People How did people react to your project?Q2.) What would you change if you did this again? Do you have any ideas for ways to make this type of exercise, both for class and for scientists in general, better
EAS1601 Overview of Plate Tectonics and Plate Boundaries Assignment

Importance of Ethics in Business Essay

Ethics is important in business because it regulates the behavior of people. Ethics provide guidelines for people to avoid mistakes, while they are thinking that they are doing the right thing. In this case study, the manager of a renowned chemical manufacturing company in North America has been struggling to adhere to business ethics and responsibility, but his colleagues have been pressuring him to bend the laws. Therefore, the following paragraphs will look at the ethical issues in the scenario. Ethics are as old as mankind because from the time we were brought into this world our parents and guardians taught us what is right and what is not, meaning ethics are applied everywhere. However, the ethics vary from one place to another depending on the environment and the tasks involved. The manager of the North American company has a difficult task because in as much as the decision taken by the company depends on him, he wants to please both parties, that is, the client and the company administrators. The manager is aware that the insecticide contains some toxin chemicals which could have negative impacts, and that is why he does not want to sell the product to the client because he is certain that the client’s needs would not be met. On the other hand, his colleagues are also aware of the effects of the substance, but they still want him to go on with the deal. It seems that the only thing that matters to these fellows is money. What they do not know is that they might make money today, and ruin the reputation of the company in the days to come after the truth of the matter is exposed. As the manufacturer, the North American company has an obligation to protect the customers from any harmful chemicals. The manager has a better alternative that entails directing the customer to another manufacturer whose product is not harmful as his. This implies that the manager has the interests of the customers at heart. He is very honest, which is an outstanding trait in business. This is because you can lie to your customers but one day the truth will be unveiled, and it will be very difficult to restore the confidence they once had in the company. Even though the company is in dire need of money, it is not a good reason for selling products that are hazardous. By telling the customer the truth, the manager will instill trust in the customer towards the company. Having an established code of ethics ensures that people do not do as they wish for their own selfish gains. Thus, by selling a product that has already been prohibited shows that the administrators are very ignorant and selfish. Furthermore, ethics are meant to serve various purposes, the first one being as a source of knowledge to the people who are involved. Ethics are used as a source of reference because they dictate what should be done at what times and places. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This goes a long way in avoiding the occurrence of mistakes when people are carrying out their duties. Without ethics it would be difficult for people to regulate themselves and others as well. This is because no one would agree that he/she was the one who did the mistake because there are no clear rules and regulations. In this regard, ethics and responsibility are supposed to foster cooperation, but the administrators of this company imply that there is no cooperation at all because they have already signed the request form without consulting the manager. The manager should act as his consciousness commands, but he does not want to look like he is out to sabotage the efforts of his colleagues. If there were ethics in this company, there would be no disagreements in decision making processes because ethics clearly explain what is to be done. Therefore, ethics are supposed to foster moral values, but by the look of things the administrators of North American company do not hold any value to human life. By selling hazardous products, the company would make profits, but their guilt will continue to haunt them as long as the consequences of their faults exist. Without rules and regulations the world would be a tiny place for humans to co-exist because people would benefit at the expense of others. Maybe, what the administrators of the company do not know is that even if no one is watching over them, they are answerable before God, and the profits they will make by knowingly selling harmful products may not help them as they think.

Oklahoma State University Pat Franks book Alas Babylon Analysis Essay

Oklahoma State University Pat Franks book Alas Babylon Analysis Essay.

For the book paper assignment for this class, you will be asked to write a 3-5 page paper over Pat Frank’s book Alas Babylon. This assignment is not a book report, but rather a blend of a book review and a comparative paper. Alas Babylon was one of the key novels of the Cold War. Written in 1959, it is an excellent window into the fears of Cold War America, as it describes in vivid detail what surviving a nuclear war might look like. Although nuclear war never resulted from the Cold War, the fear was incredibly real and numerous works of film, television, plays, and novels permeated the era. My hope is by reading this book, you might better understand the fear and paranoia prevalent in American society.Your papers need to be in Times New Roman 12pt font, double spaced, with 1 inch margins. At the top of the first page, you need only your name, date, and the title of the work – your header should not take up more than ¼ of the page. The paper will need to be well written, with a thesis, argumentative points, and a conclusion. Please cite specific lectures and page numbers when dealing with the book, using the Turabian format, guidelines of which are available in the Reading Yesterday, Writing Tomorrow book. Please attach the rubric to your submitted paper.Although there are numerous ways to accomplish the paper, each one should address the following ideas. In addressing each point, you should include some detail as to how the author achieves these objectives – not simply answering “yes, the author’s work is accurate and approachable.” Be descriptive, and include relevant cited examples from the work.First – What was the author’s intent in writing the work?Second – How does the author make the story believable, and how does he relate the characters to the reader?Third – How well does the author support their thesis and claims in the work? Do they prove their arguments? Is the work convincing in the case it tries to make?Fourth – How approachable is the work? Is the work meant for historians or could anyone interested in the subject matter understand the work? What is the author’s bias, if any?While the paper need not be a direct answering of all of these questions, the bulk of the paper does need to examine the themes and ideas presented within the work, and analyze how they are presented and how they fit in with what is discussed in lecture. Use the questions as a guideline, but feel free to discuss points that you find contentious in the book, or whatever interests you in the book. The assignment is pretty open-ended, and is geared more towards an analysis of the reading, the information presented, and what a reader is likely to glean from the work. Be as descriptive as possible, and answer all parts of the question fully. There is not necessarily a “right” or “wrong” way to do the assignment, but your grade will reflect how well you read the book and how you interpret the information presented. The better you read the book, the better your grade will be. In addressing the themes and ideas presented in the work, feel free to either answer the reading questions, or discuss those aspects of the work that you enjoyed or disliked the most. In either case, be as specific as possible and include citations discussing the page number of the book that contains the information you are critiquing. The main part:For specific questions to help guide your reading of the book:What is the atmosphere like in Florida in the 1950s and 1960s?Can you tell that a “Cold War” is going on? How so?What are the functions of SAC [Strategic Air Command] and NORAD?What is the fate of Edgar Quisenberry? Explain his actions.What are the varying reactions to the nuclear attack on the United States?How do the people of Fort Repose cope with the nuclear war?Who “wins” the war?Overall, what theme does the novel present about the Cold War?In reading the novel, how does it address the idea that a nuclear war can be “won”?
Oklahoma State University Pat Franks book Alas Babylon Analysis Essay