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Media Advertising Research Paper

Issues with Stereotyping in Advertising Stereotyping in advertising does not yield negative outcomes in all situations. However, according to Sheehan (2013), it is mostly perceived as harmful following the repetition of stereotyped adverts, which become normalized upon their naturalization. Rößner, Kämmerer, and Eisend (2017) argue that advertisers capitalize on deep-seated ideological perceptions that already exist in communities and the society as the foundation of their commercials. An arising question here is whether adverts in their pure form propagate the problem of stereotyping, especially racial labeling. This section uses the social learning theory, in-group bias theory, and the cultivation theory as three prominent schools of thought, which describe the process of how stereotypes create imagery among people and groups. The theories raise pertinent issues of stereotyping in media advertising. The cultivation theory suggests that people who are subjected to televised media have a higher probability of perceiving or seeing their real world in the context of ideologies, values, or images, which they see on the screen (Luoh
Introduction Nations all over the world strive to achieve stable economies through legislation of various policies. They do so in the attempt to woe investors to participate in activities that will develop and expand their operations. There is no country in the world that can exist without relying on foreign investors and foreign trading activities (Ilmanen, 2011, 33). This is due to the disparities in nature and amount of endowments in these countries. Exchange rate is an essential financial aspect that determines the level of a country’s participation in international trade. There are several factors that nations undertake which determine their exchange rates as evident in this essay. Definition Exchange rate is the value at which the currency of a country measures against the currencies of other countries. All countries in the word have exchange rates they use to determine the value of goods from other countries (Sarno and Taylor 2003, 11). This rate enables traders to know the value of their goods in the international market. How States Influence Exchange Rates Even though, a nation does not have an absolute right of deciding or fixing the rate at which its currency exchanges with those of other countries, there are some extents to which a state can determine these rates. These are steps a nation takes to ensure the exchange rate favours both local and foreign trading activities. Therefore, importation and exportation of goods and services ensures consumers and traders get a fair deal for their money and investments respectively. Political Stability Peace is an indispensable factor that promotes trading activities all over the world. Nations that strive to maintain peace within and outside their boundaries enjoy an influx of investors. This means that not only their investments are secure but also their lives are saved. No one will ever wish to invest in a war prone country regardless of the profits the investor will get. However, countries that encounter civil strife discourage investors (Weither, 2006, 20). Their goods and services do not attract international demand; as a result, their value depreciates. Therefore, the more a government strives to maintain peace within and outside its territories, the higher the chances of enjoying favourable exchange rates. Growth Potential Investors are usually looking for countries that offer potentials of economic growth. Nations coming out of prolonged civil conflicts due to poor governance, those that have unexploited resources and those that open their boundaries to foreign trade, attract investors (Jha, 2011, 47). Some African countries are enjoying favourable exchange rates as a result of restructuring their government systems and assuming responsible leadership. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More They have demand for modern technology, expertise and investments. This demand makes their currencies fetch high prices in the international market. Therefore, their exchange rates compete effectively with other currencies. The more a country offers investment opportunities to foreign investors, the better its exchange rate ranks. Balance of Trade It is not enough for a country to participate in international trade. However, nations should ensure there is a positive relationship between the volume and value of exports and imports (Ilmanen, 2011, 54). This situation has significant influence on a nation’s exchange rate. The more a country exports, the lower the exchange rate of its currency compared to other nations. Therefore, nations should ensure they export more goods than what they import. This means they participate in productive international trade that raises the value of their currencies. State’s Debts Even though, most nations can not survive without relying on international bodies like the World Bank, for financial assistance, it is better for them to borrow as little as possible. The higher the amount of debts a nation has from global organisations or other nations, the higher her currency exchanges with those of other countries. This leads to an unfavourable exchange rate since the country is not economically independent (Schofield and Bowler, 2011, 96). However, countries with fewer debts have a strong command on international trade activities, and thus their currencies have high values. Therefore, to have favourable exchange rates nations must borrow as little as possible from other nations or international organisations. Interest Rates Investors expect high returns on their investments regardless of the risks involved. Foreign investors look for nations that offer high rates on investments in order to cater for operational costs and gain profits. Nations that offer high interest rates on investments have without doubt attracted many investors. Competitions among investors become inevitable leading to high value for the limited currency of these nations (Clark, 2011, 33). However, countries that offer peanuts to investors discourage them leading to depreciation of the value of their currencies. Therefore, the higher nations offer returns on investments, the more the values of their currencies are appreciated. We will write a custom Essay on International trade specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Most nations find international trade a one sided activity due to high exchange rates that do not favour them. However, from the above discussion it is clear that such nations can influence the value of their currencies in international markets. Nations should strive to achieve conditions that facilitate foreign and local investments to stand high chances of favourable exchange rates. References Clark, I. (2011). Foreign Exchange Option Pricing: A Practitioners Guide (The Wiley Finance Series). New York: Wiley. Ilmanen, A. (2011). Expected Returns: An Investor’s Guide to Harvesting Market Rewards (The Wiley Finance Series). New York: Wiley. Jha, S. (2011). Interest Rate Markets: A Practical Approach to Fixed Income (Wiley Trading). New York: Wiley. Sarno, L. and Taylor, M. P. (2003). The Economics of Exchange Rates. New York: Cambridge University Press. Schofield, N. and Bowler, T. (2011). Trading the Fixed Income, Inflation and Credit Markets: A Relative Value Guide. New York: Wiley. Weither, T. (2006). Foreign Exchange: A Practical Guide to the FX Markets (Wiley Finance). New York: Wiley.

Grand Canyon University Sepsis Bundle Project Change Proposal Capstone

Grand Canyon University Sepsis Bundle Project Change Proposal Capstone.

students will identify a specific evidence based topic for the capstone project change proposal. Students should consider the clinical environment in which they are currently employed or have recently worked. The capstone project topic can be a clinical practice problem, an organizational issue, a leadership or quality improvement initiative, or an unmet educational need specific to a patient population or community. The student may also choose to work with an interprofessional collaborative team.

Students should select a topic that aligns to their area of interest as well as the clinical practice setting in which practice hours are completed.
Write a 500-750 word description of your proposed capstone project topic. Include the following:

The problem or issue, intervention, quality initiative, educational need, or collaborative interprofessional team project that will be the focus of the change proposal. (PROBLEM: currently 3 hour sepsis protocol)
The setting or context in which the problem or issue, intervention, quality initiative, educational need, or collaborative interprofessional team project can be observed. (Med-surge unit)
A description (providing a high level of detail) regarding the problem or issue, intervention, quality initiative, educational need, or collaborative interprofessional team project. (Sepsis treatment not being performed on time and delay in calling sepsis code etc)
Effect of the problem or issue, intervention, quality initiative, educational need, or collaborative interprofessional team project.(Higher mortality rates, hospital stay and cost of care etc.)
Significance of the topic and its implications for nursing practice.(Sepsis is one of  the leading causes of deaths at hospitals etc.)
A proposed solution to the identified project topic with an explanation of how it will affect nursing practice. (SOLUTON: Implementing 1 hour sepsis bundle)

Grand Canyon University Sepsis Bundle Project Change Proposal Capstone

Anthropology homework help

best assignment help Anthropology homework help. You will identify a topic area and develop a problem- or issue-related topic within that area of interest. As you develop this specific topic, keep in mind that your eventual goal is to formulate and present a solution to the healthcare issue or problem you identify.,You will identify a topic area and develop a problem- or issue-related topic within that area of interest,Vaccination,1.       The purpose of this assignment is to develop a strong, working foundation for your final paper. You will identify a topic area and develop a problem- or issue-related topic within that area of interest. As you develop this specific topic, keep in mind that your eventual goal is to formulate and present a solution to the healthcare issue or problem you identify., ,Your topic proposal should include the following items and address the following:,Describe the topic you wish to pursue.,Firstly, it may be somewhat broad at this point and it may imply a problem. Use the Additional Resources in your course materials to help you search for ideas.,Secondly, identify your purpose: Why are you interested in this topic? (Narrow your topic.),Thirdly, specifically, explain what it is that fascinates you or draws you to this topic.,Fourthly, clearly describe the topic’s relevance in the field today.,Further, identify a purpose for a paper on this topic:,Additionally, what might you accomplish in exploring this problem?,Also, what is your intended goal?,To ,evoke change,Also, to make new connections (new cause and effect),To introduce a new theory, solution, or idea,Is this goal realistic?,Identify a problem within the topic and draft a problem statement. (It will likely evolve and be revised as you progress through your research.),Firstly, identify a problem related to your topic and state it.,Secondly, the problem statement should be specific and indicate the focus of your final paper.,Thirdly, not too narrow, not too broad,Fourthly, intellectually challenging (a simple solution is not apparent),Further, who would benefit from a solution to this problem (who is the target population)?,Your paper should be 1–2 pages. Adhere to APA Style throughout.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Anthropology homework help

Control Theory Essay

Control Theory Essay. Introduction The behavior of people in society today goes over and above the acceptable standards by the norms. The social life of a society is usually characterized by people who conform to the norms of society and the ones who are deviant. Deviant behavior can be thought of as any unusual way of life that society does not approve. In defining deviant behavior, there are very vital theories that are used in giving its definitions greater meaning. One of the theories of deviant behavior is control theory. Control theory defines explanations that talks about why people do not deviate rather than why they deviate (Stark, 1). Control Theory Using control theory in explaining deviant behavior is vital since it talks about why most people are not deviant rather than why people are deviant. Control theory in most cases answers questions that are related to normal behavior. Normal behavior is shaped by the social control measures that are imposed on members of the society. When using control theory in defining deviant behavior, conformity to norms of the society is treated as being a problem rather than deviance. From another viewpoint, deviant behavior in society is more likely to occur when the controls to conformity are weaker or are non-existing. Control theory dwells mostly on behaviors that conform to the norms in society rather than the deviant behaviors. From this perspective, it can be noted that it explains deviant behaviors on why people do not engage in deviant acts or criminal acts. To this effect, it is vital in explaining deviance behavior since it focuses mostly on controls that lean towards social and personal attitudes that prevent engagements in criminal acts. This is so because the social and personal attitudes are what guides a person in choosing a path that he/she can follow in society (Stark, 1). Control theory explains deviant behavior at all levels in the society since people possess two systems that control decisions that they make against their desire to deviate from the normal way of life. Each person’s life is controlled by inner and outer controls. The inner controls take into account one’s sense of morality and conscience. People fear any punishment that accompanies their acts. The outer controls consider the people in one’s life who are against deviant behaviors. These outer controls influence the course that one takes in his life since they act as role models. Due to this fact, one would not like to disappoint them by engaging in deviant acts that would not please them. Deviant behavior considers several factors such as age. In categorizing deviant behavior in the age bracket, it is notable that young people aged between mid-teens and early twenties commit most of the crimes in our society. People tend to alleviate crime, as they grow old. Another category that helps in explaining deviant behavior is the social class that one belongs to. It is evident that mostly the same groups of individuals commit a crime and is more prevalent in poor neighborhoods. In categorizing deviant behavior in terms of income level, the low earners in the society are greatly involved in crime to sustain their demands in life. Lastly, deviant behavior can be categorized in terms of gender. Gender factor is evident since criminal acts are believed to be a reserve for men rather than women on most occasions. This is understandable from the fact that men get more behavioral freedom in society hence have the chance to engage in dubious acts than women. Conclusion In concluding remarks, one can argue the fact that engaging in criminal acts is a choice that is solely left to one to decide on either engaging or avoiding criminal acts. Control theories on the other hand help in understanding the existence of deviant acts from another perspective. Consideration is made on the reasons one takes by not engaging in criminal acts (Stark, 1). Works Cited Stark, Rodney. Sociology. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2006. Print. Control Theory Essay

The Successful Reign Of Queen Elizabeth English Literature Essay

In 1558, Princess Elizabeth became Queen of England. After her cousin Lady Jane Grey and her half-sister Mary Tudor failed to develop a successful reign. Marilee Hansen writes, “she inherited a bankrupt nation, torn by religious discord, a weakened pawn between the great powers of France and Spain” (2). She was well educated and ready for anything coming her way and not with the help of a husband, because she refused to marry during her years as queen. Loved by many of England’s people, she was supported greatly, especially because she was a big supporter of the Protestant religion. Her main goals were to bring peace and prosperity to England. She would soon be the single best queen that England had ever known. The story begins with King Henry VIII, King of England from April 1509 to his death. When he became king he married his brother’s widowed wife, Catherine of Aragon. After many miscarriages’ and the early death of a child, Catherine gave birth to Princess Mary, in 1516. Longing for a male heir, Henry eventually fell out of love with Catherine of Aragon and started seeking a mistress, Anne Boleyn. Through the power of King Henry’s VIII reign, he made it possible to get his marriage annulled from Catherine of Aragon in 1529. King Henry VIII soon married Anne Boleyn and it was not long before they were expecting their first child. September 7, 1533 another princess was born, Princess Elizabeth. Henry was not happy, he was still in need of a male heir and his marriage to Boleyn did not last long. Boleyn was arrested and executed on May 19, 1536. Although many believed that Princess Mary was the King’s only heir, Princess Elizabeth turned out to resemble her father the most. After the execution of Anne Boleyn, Henry married Jane Seymour. Finally, the king had an heir, Prince Edward. He was born in October 1537. As a result, Jane died after the birth of their son; she died of childbed fever. Henry was in need of a wife and married Anne of Cleves, that marriage did not last long. Henry married another woman, Catherine Howard. Howard eventually cheated on him and she was executed. All the while, Elizabeth was affected by having so many different step-mothers and little attention from her father. Later, she would show the effects of it as she becomes queen. She spent most of her time getting tutored; her father rarely came to visit her. “It was Henry’s sixth and final wife, Katharine Parr, who had the greatest impact upon Elizabeth’s life” (Hansen 4). Parr believed in getting a good education and was deeply religious. It was she that really enforced a good education on Elizabeth. Elizabeth was educated by a team of Cambridge humanists led by Roger Ascham (Biography Resource Center). Making her “educated as well as any legitimate prince, and she displayed a genuine love and aptitude for her studies” (Hansen 4). Elizabeth studied “classical subjects as rhetoric, languages, philosophy, history, and theology” (Hansen 4). The languages she learned were Greek, Latin, French and Italian. When Elizabeth’s father died in 1547, her brother Edward took the title of king. Although he was technically not old enough to rule, his uncle Lord Protector Edward Seymour took reign and Elizabeth was removed from their home and sent to live with Katharine Parr. While living with Parr, Elizabeth continued to be educated and had the best time of her adolescence. Parr remarried and became pregnant. She married Thomas Seymour, the younger brother of Lord Protector Somerset and uncle to the new King Edward (Hansen 5). Elizabeth left their home in May 1548, soon after, Parr died of childbed fever in September 1548. Seymour was very jealous of his brother’s position and he was easily influenced by a man named John Dudley, Earl of Warwick. Dudley, on the other hand, wanted the brothers to come to ruin and he wanted to take over their power. After Parr passed, Seymour became interested in Elizabeth. Seymour wanted to marry her so that he can secure his position as king if her brother should die. Elizabeth was not interested and so eventually Seymour’s plans were revealed and he was arrested and charged with thirty-three crimes and was executed on March 20, 1549. His brother, Edward Seymour (Duke of Somerset) was also executed shortly after. Dudley became Lord Protector, also titled duke of Northumberland (Hansen 7). He was the first non-royal Englishman given that title (Hansen 7). Dudley thought very fondly of Elizabeth, because they shared the same interests in the Protestant religion. Mary Tudor, Elizabeth’s older half-sister, practiced Catholicism. Edward VI gave Dudley Hatfield House then in turn, he gave it back to Elizabeth “for lesser lands in her possession and he passed the patents to her lands” (Hansen 7) which gave Elizabeth the advantage of having more income. The people of England viewed the princesses differently, Mary, a typical Catholic princess who dressed in all the glittering and garish finery she could afford, and Elizabeth, who dressed plainly, most often in severely cut black or white gowns (Hansen 7). Elizabeth matured into a tall, slender and striking girl, with a fair, unblemished complexion and the famous Tudor red hair (Hansen 7). With all the education Elizabeth was receiving, she was known to be intelligent, strong, and respected. Elizabeth did not have a good relationship with her step-sister Mary Tudor; but got along well with her step-brother Edward, after all they shared the most important interest which was the same protestant beliefs. King Edward (Elizabeth’s half-brother) lived only a short while and died in 1553. He wanted to leave Elizabeth the throne because he wanted to “preserve the Protestant regime in England” (Hansen 8). Unfortunately, “like Mary Tudor, Elizabeth had her illegitimacy established by an act of Parliament during King Henry VIII’s reign” (Hansen 8). During this time England’s people were mostly Protestant and were pleased that Lady Jane Grey took the throne. Grey’s time at the throne did not last long and quickly after, Elizabeth’s half-sister Mary Tudor took the throne, many were unhappy because she practiced Catholicism. Mary Tudor’s Catholic sympathies triggered Protestant reaction in England that led to a series of plots against her government (Historic World Leaders). Mary Tudor did not like this and she hated Elizabeth because Elizabeth was the people’s first pick for the throne. Eventually, Mary feared that Elizabeth would over power her so she had her arrested and sent to the “Tower of London and later to Woodstock” (Historic World Leaders). During the time that Elizabeth was imprisoned, she was rarely allowed to talk to anyone or send out letters. She did continue to educate herself by reading books that were brought to her. Although, Mary Tudor disliked her half-sister, before her death she named her as her successor. By 1558 Mary Tudor died and Elizabeth became England’s most powerful queen. The image Queen Elizabeth I portrayed was one of “female authority and regal magnificence combined with extravagant dress and rich jewels” (Historic World Leaders). Queen Elizabeth’s chief secretary was Sir William Cecil, who would soon become Lord Burghley. They both [Queen Elizabeth and Sir William Cecil] appreciated England’s limited position in the face of France and Spain, and both knew that the key to England’s success lay in balancing the two great Continental powers off against each other, so that neither could bring its full force to bear against England (Biography Resource Center). Early in Queen Elizabeth’s reign, she experienced attacks by both Catholics and Puritans as she stood as the supreme governor of the church. At first, it was difficult for her to gain control because the people of England “had experienced both a sharp swing to Protestantism under Edward VI and a catholic reaction under Mary Tudor” (Biography Resource Center). The people of England also expected her to get married, although there were many suitors, Queen Elizabeth I refused to marry anyone. As a result, “her councilors argued that she should seek a husband but, as she explained to parliament in 1559, when she was 25 years, it would suffice her to have engraved on her tombstone that she had lived and died a virgin” (Warnicke). Aside from trying to keep the people of England happy with a religious reform Elizabeth suffered greatly with altercations with her first cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. Mary was the queen of France through her husband Francis II. After Francis II died, Mary had many lovers, eventually she was accused of murdering one of them, earl of Bothwell, through an entangled love affair. Being related to Elizabeth, Mary looked for refuge in England. There, in 1567, Elizabeth placed her under house arrest for the murder of Bothwell (Historic World Leaders). Mary Queen of Scots was devious towards Elizabeth because she knew that she was next in line to become queen of England. Various plots to kill Elizabeth were discovered and most of them were engineered by Mary. Until, the Babington Plot against the queen was uncovered in 1586, secret correspondence in Mary’s handwriting was intercepted and in February 1587, Elizabeth caved in to the outcry against the queen of Scots as a menace to the realm and had Mary beheaded (Biography Resource Center). Due to the death of Mary and her connections to France, it created a threat to England and Elizabeth. By the Treaty of Edinburgh [a treaty created by the Parliament of Scotland] in 1560, Elizabeth was able to close off a good part of the French threat as posed through Scotland (Biography Resource Center). The treaty was created to end the Auld Alliance with France. The terms of the Auld Alliance were that if Scotland or France were attacked they would come together and invade the English territory. The events leading after created the fall of the Roman Catholic Church and in turn Scotland adopted the Protestant religion. Spain also created problems for Elizabeth. The years from 1570 to 1585 were ones of neither war nor peace, but Elizabeth found herself under increasing pressure from Protestant activists to take a firmer line against Catholic Spain (Biography Resource Center). During this time, Elizabeth had to prove herself to be a strong and admirable queen to the people of England. The Spanish Armada in 1588 began with Phillip II of Spain, [who was married to Mary Queen of Scots] he wanted to take Elizabeth away from the throne and have Catholicism rise again. He planned an invasion into England, all the while, Elizabeth also planned a defense. With help from Medina Sidonia, troops were gathered and sent by sea to invade England. The first time around Sidonia’s crew was attacked and they retreated. The second time they tried to invade England, they also went by sea, and encountered deadly weather, and most of the ships were damaged before they got to England. The defeat of Spain was mainly due to luck but the people of England were happy and Elizabeth was held high for her attempts to protect her people. During Elizabeth’s reign, the people of England were satisfied at most of her decisions and happy that she showed she cared for the people. She had made a speech to her people known as the Golden Speech, “And though you have had, and may have, many princes more mighty and wise sitting in this seat, yet you never had, nor shall have, any that will be more careful and loving” (Biography Resource Center). She tried hard to bring peace and prosperity to England, for the most part, the people of England were satisfied and showed great love for her. She also kept her word in not marrying anyone that would greedily try to take her position. Before her death, Elizabeth named her successor James VI of Scotland. He is the son of her cousin Mary Queen of Scots. Peacefully, Elizabeth died shortly after making her decision in 1603.

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