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Meaning Of Contemporary Csr Management Essay

In order to understand the meaning of contemporary CSR, it is useful to go back in time. While CSR is a recent term, preoccupation with In the course of this research, the researcher has interviewed staff from the following multinational oil companies: Shell, BP, Exxon, Chevron, Total, Agip, Statoil, BG Group, Petrobras and PDVSA. Beyond Corporate Social Responsibility business ethics and the social dimensions of business activity has a long history. Business practices based on moral principles and ‘con-trolled greed’ were advocated by pre-Christian Western thinkers such as Cicero in the first century BC and their non-Western equivalents such as the Indian statesman and philosopher Kautilya in the fourth century BC, while Islam and the medieval Christian church publicly condemned certain business practices, notably usury. While the business role in society seems to have been changing from time to time, there is not agreement among observers that on what CSR stands or where its bournders of CSR lie. Different peope have differ thinking about CSR for example CSR means different things to practioners seeking to implement CSR inside companies than to researchers to trying to make CSR as a discipline. The responsibilities of companies in developing nations are also defined differently depending on the social-especially national- context (Baskin 2006; Frynas 2006); for instance, CSR among Malaysian firms is partly motivated by religious notions and Islam’s prescriptions of certain business practices (Zulkifli and Amran2006); the specific flavour of CSR in Argentina can be partly attributed to Argentina’s economic crisis in December 2001(Newell and Muro 2006); while companies in South Africa are forced to address racial inequality as a result of the unique legacy of apartheid (Fig 2005). Companies in Malaysia focus on charitable activities, especially around Muslim and Chinese religious holidays, while companies in South Africa focus on black empowerment schemes. Therefore, CSR or ‘being socially responsible’ clearly means different things to different people in different countries. Although these differences in the understanding of CSR are per-haps inevitable given the wide range of issues that companies need to deal with, they can be frustrating, not least to company managers who might prefer a bounded concept similar to quality control or financial accounting. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has emerged as a business approach for addressing the social and environmental impact of company activities. With increasing expectations placed on business, one needs to ask if CSR is able to fulfill these larger expectations. Therefore, the aim of this research is to analyse CSR’s potential and limitations for contributing towards wider societal’challenges’. The central part of the research investigates the potential of CSR for addressing three challenges in the business-society relationship: the environment, development and governance. The research suggests that CSR has some potential for dealing with environmental issues such as carbon emissions and oil spills. Yet, in general, the current CSR agenda largely fails to deal with the three challenges, and a number of important economic and political issues are not yet addressed. The research explains the existing constraints to CSR and provides some recommendations in the conclusion. Researchers firmly believe that any discussion of the CSR agenda must have a solid basis in reality. Too many researches on CSR are based on superficial examples and unfounded arguments. Too many researches fail to appreciate the importance of context in the evolution of CSR. That is why this researcher has focused in greater depth on companies from a single industry: the oil and gas sector, which includes two of the world’s leaders in the CSR movement: Shell and BP. Throughout the research we also look at companies from developing nations such as Brazil’s Petrobras and South Africa’s Sasol. Business now operates in a global arena and companies from the so-called emerging markets such as China, India and Brazil are increasingly expected to make social and environmental contributions. The research is based on more than ten years’ experience in researching the oil and gas industry, and the author has had hundreds of conversations with oil company staff, civil society advocates, government officials, consultants, development specialists, journalists and local people around these issues. wrestling with issues as diverse as corporate governance, environmental management, corporate philanthropy, human rights, labour rights, health issues and community development. To complicate matters further, new terms have entered the vocabulary of business and civil society- concepts such as corporate accountability, stakeholder engagement and sustainable development, aimed variously at replacing, redefining or complementing the CSR concept. Indeed, some companies now prefer to use terms such as ‘sustainability’ or’citizenship’ instead of CSR. The Moral Argument for CSR Often portrayed as an alternative to VBM, CSR is somehow misunder-stood to be a moral movement without a business purpose. Perhaps the following moral argument has become associated with CSR and led to this confusion: The purpose of a business . . . is not to make a profit, full stop. It is to make a profit so that the business can do something more or better. That “something” becomes the real justification for the business. . . . It is a moral issue. To mistake the means for the end is to be turned in on oneself, which Saint Augustine called one of the greatest sins. . . . It is salutary to ask about any organization, “If it did not exist, would we invent it?” “Only if it could do some-thing better or more useful than anyone else” would have to be the answer, and profit would be the means to that larger end.Charles Handy (2002) Handy’s argument follows that of CSR proponents, who believe the purpose of business is too narrowly defined as simply “to make money.” They believe instead that businesses have an obligation to their custom-ers, employees, the communities in which they are located, and society in general that is far greater than simply creating profits for shareholders. The Economic Argument for CSR The economic argument for CSR is, like most economic propositions, based on economic self-interest. However, this argument does not dispute the claim that corporations have an obligation to their customers, employees, and other stakeholders. Far from it. The difference, if one exists, is more a matter of philosophical underpinnings rather than procedure. Handy proposes a moral foundation for CSR, whereas we do not voice an opinion regarding moral considerations. Rather, we believe that it simply makes good business sense to have such a program since CSR is really a holistic approach to running an organization. Jensen (2001, 9) asks, “Can corporate managers succeed by simply holding up value maximization as the goal and ignoring their stakeholders? The answer is an emphatic no. In order to maximize value, corporate managers must not only satisfy, but enlist the support of, all corporate stakeholders customers, employees, managers, suppliers, local communities.” For the following reasons we believe that CSR represents a point of differentiation that can provide a competitive market advantage: Human resources: CSR can be helpful with regard to recruitment and retention since potential recruits are increasingly asking about CSR policy. It can also help generate an atmosphere of pride within the organization. Risk management: Reputations often take decades to build up but can be ruined in days by scandals and accidents. These events often draw bad publicity and attention from regulators and the courts. A strong CSR program can help prevent such episodes or can mitigate damages should one occur. Firms with existing reputation problems in their core business can engage in high-profile CSR activities in an effort to divert attention from these difficulties. Examples include British American Tobacco’s health initiatives, British Petroleum’s installation of alternate-energy wind turbines, and Wal-Mart’s decisions to sell organic groceries and build eco-friendly stores. Brand differentiation: Firms are constantly looking for ways to differentiate themselves from competitors in an effort to capture the consumer’s dollars. Examples of organizations that have success-fully used CSR as a brand differentiator include Whole Foods Market, Ben
Table of Contents The Case of Nigeria: Porter’s Four Factors Limitations Conclusion References The American strategy professor Michael Porter developed the diamond model to explain the competitive standing of businesses on the market. The model owes its name to its shape reminiscent of that of a diamond. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, whose economic growth remains fragile and not exactly predictable. This paper will explain how Nigerian industries and organizations could improve their performance and efficiency, drawing on the theoretical framework provided by Porter. The Case of Nigeria: Porter’s Four Factors To build a comprehensive model relevant to Nigeria, one should analyze each of the factors in regards to the country’s current business environment. Thus, the model might look as follows: Firm strategy, structure, and rivalry refer to organizational management within a given industry (Gamble, Peteraf,
BMGT 380 UMGC Week 2 Clean Negligence Risks and Liabilities Report.

Learning Activity: 
Background:  With some understanding of the legal system, the Clean-N-Shine (“Clean”) owners can now shift their focus to examining specific areas of law that create potential risks and liabilities for their business.   The group knows from their business experience, that companies face severe and costly risks and legal liabilities stemming from tort law. 
Unintentional harm resulting from accidents, such as negligence, can result in costly litigation.  The Clean owners are concerned about the possibility of accidents resulting in injuries to their employees that could occur during the cleaning of clients’ property.  
Winnie and Ralph have given you the responsibility of analyzing and summarizing potential negligence claims and liability that Clean might face in its business operations. You decide to analyze a hypothetical fact scenario to present to the Clean owners to help explain Clean’s potential negligence liability for accidents occurring on clients’ property during cleaning.  The analysis will be presented at the next meeting with Clean’s owners and TLG.  Your analysis will address only the tort of negligence. 
Background Facts You Need To Know:  Jack, a Clean employee, was assigned to clean Client A’s office building.  Jack’s first task was to vacuum the floors in a wide hallway.  Jack plugged Clean’s commercial vacuum cleaner into the hallway outlet with an extra-long electrical cord and began vacuuming.  Before beginning vacuuming, Jack checked to ensure that the hallway was clear of obstacles and people walking.  After checking the hall, he placed the cord to the side of the hallway out of the path of his pushing the vacuum.  After vacuuming for a few minutes, Jack stepped to the side to turn the vacuum and tripped over two boxes that had been placed in the hallway by Client A’s employee since Jack began vacuuming.  Jack did not know the boxes had been placed in the hall.
Jack fell and broke his ankle and was taken to the hospital ER via ambulance.  A cast was applied after it was determined the ankle did not need surgery.  Jack missed three weeks of work because of the injury. 
Report You Need To Prepare: You must prepare a report addressed to Winnie and Ralph.  Winnie and Ralph will use the report in discussion with the Clean owners.  The report must address each of the following points:
1. Analyze whether Jack has a negligence claim against Client A.
2. Identify any potential defenses that Client A may raise in response to Jack’s negligence claim.  The analysis must explain why the defense may be raised.
3. Given the negligence claim and the potential defenses, draw a conclusion as to whether Jack or Client A should prevail in the lawsuit.  The facts and the law must support the conclusion.
Format of report:

TO:              Winnie James, Ralph Anders
FROM:         (your name)
RE:              Clean Negligence Risks and Liabilities
Tips for Formatting and Structuring Analysis:

Write in complete sentences in paragraph format.
Use in-text citations citing to relevant assignment      materials.     
Double-space; 12-point Arial or Times Roman font.
Introductory      Sentence:  Begin      with an introductory sentence or very brief paragraph that states your      conclusion to the questions asked.  
Concluding Sentence:       End the discussion with a concluding sentence or a very brief paragraph      that summarizes your conclusion/what you discussed.
Support Arguments and      Positions:   Please      refer to the module in Content, “How to Support Arguments and      Positions”. 

BMGT 380 UMGC Week 2 Clean Negligence Risks and Liabilities Report

American Drama and Play Analysis: William Inge and Eugene O’Neill Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Main text Summary Works Cited Introduction In their works, William Inge and Eugene O’Neill pay a special attention to the theme of darkness, desperation, anxiety and human weaknesses. In both worlds, The Dark at the Top of the Stairs and Long day’s Journey into Night, characters inhabit a very complex world. They unveil a gap between the individual and the world, a gap which the authors and their characters sought to close through holistic schemata, through religion and politics. Thesis In both works, the theme of darkness is used as a background. Main text Both authors present similar ideas of darkness as a state of degradation and desperation. In Inge’s work, the protagonist, Rubin, is perplexed at the rapid economic and social change that has taken place in his life. Because of this circumstance, he feels fearful of and alienated from that new world and is, consequently, alienated from the family for which he feels he can no longer provide the security he himself lacks. His feelings, however, are complicated by his relationship to his wife, from whom he is separated most of the time and with whom he seems unable to communicate. Cora says to Rubin: “Rubin, I worry about them. Rennie is so shy of people” (Inge 227). In his work, O’Neill depicts the theme of darkness as drug addiction, alcoholism and stinginess. What the morphine brings to the surface in Mary Tyrone is awareness of the isolation that is both her need and her terror. The dependence of the men on her is marked, and not only in their concern for her health. “What strikes one immediately is her extreme nervousness” (O’Neil 12). Using these examples, O’Neil gives some hits to readers about the dark side of the family history and relations. Both authors use similar images of ‘darkness’ based on an opposition between light and dark. In the plays, there is also a succession of references in word and gesture to fog and clarity, darkness and light which not only communicates Jamie’s hostility to his absent father but recalls the long scene between Edmund and Tyrone and contributes to the symbolic undercurrent of the play. O’Neil uses the following images to depict the darkness: “a lighthouse out there”; “the hell is this”, Kabul river in the dark!…” (101, 104). The natural coming of darkness is complemented by the withdrawal of Mary Tyrone into the recesses of dream where she dwells on the life she has lost forever and condemns without exception the life she is obliged to live. O’Neil uses the fog which in act 3, at half-past six in the evening, has rolled in from the Sound like “a white curtain drawn down outside the windows” (100). For instance, in Act II, Scene 1 Inge portrays that Sonny is afraid to go up the stairs into the darkness, and his mother goes to help him. Cora says: Corny, boy, We go up together. (They start up the stairs to face the darkness” (Inge 301). This episode symbolizes a feeling of a trapped alienation containing within it a metaphor of the dispersion of self into nothingness. But the reference cannot detract from the emotional intensity of the scene. The main difference between the works is representation and meaning of darkness for the main characters. For the character in Long day’s Journey into Night, darkness means escape form the troubles and problems of a modern life. This essential and liberating strength can be seen most clearly in the writing of the mother: now drugging herself with morphine against the pain of present and past. Mary explains: “It hides you from the world and the world from you,” she explains to Cathleen. “You feel that everything has changed, and nothing is what it seemed to be. No one can find or touch you any more…. It’s the foghorn I hate” (O’Neil 100).The pain and the drugging are directly powerful, but they release at once the intense confession, the necessary involvement with the pain of what the family has become, and the detachment from it: the ability to find both the truth and the fantasy of the past. In contrast, in The Dark at the Top of the Stairs the characters fall into ‘darkness’ unpurposely influenced by life circumstances and economic crisis. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More For instance, both Sonny and Reenie have become dependent on their mother to such an extent that Sonny fears his distant father and retreats to his scrapbook of movie stars rather than deal with the real world of the taunting bully-boys outside. Rennie says” “why don’t you go outdoor and play the ball instead of staying in the house all time” (Inge 238). The darkness is that the characters cannot cope with fears, uncertainty and anxiety that all feel at those moments when reality must be faced head-on and the confusion of real-life dealt with. In Long day’s Journey into Night, for the father and the two sons, it is a remoteness which annihilates all of them. In Act 2 Mary says: she can “no longer call my soul my own” (O’Neil 65). Mary Tyrone has rolled back the years to a chaste girlhood devoid of the cares of courtship, marriage and childbirth, and only by excluding them from her dream world can she continue to cherish any fragment of human hope. Summary In sum, using the theme of darkness, both authors show the dark areas of misunderstanding that lie between people who assume that they understand each other. The works are to demonstrate that each man is isolated in his own moods and problems knowing little about others. The hope which is necessarily allowed to remain becomes no more than a transient moment of the life remembered. The lost promise is retained in the haunting memory, but the price of reestablishing it as an imaginary universe is insanity. Works Cited Inge, William. Four Plays- ‘The Dark at the Top of the Stairs. Grove Press New York, 1958, pp. 221-318. O’Neill, Eugene Long day’s Journey into Night. 2nd ed. Yale Nota Bene, 2002.

Norfolk State University Information Technology in Healthcare Thesis Statement

online assignment help Norfolk State University Information Technology in Healthcare Thesis Statement.

I’m working on a health & medical question and need an explanation to help me learn.

Here’s the required textbook: Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2019). Essentials of the U.S. health care system. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.Review and study Chapters 5, 9, and 13 in the textbook (Shi & Singh, 2019).Use critical thinking skills and metacognition to:Explain how Information Technology has become an integral part of healthcare delivery. What are the cost increases associated with new medical technology, see Exhibit 5.5 in the textbook?What is the cost-savings of medical technology, see Exhibit 5.6 in the textbook?Create a thesis statement relevant to current trends in healthcare delivery. Write a 2-3-page paper in APA (2020) format, include a cover page, a reference page, three peer-reviewed references to support your rationale, and use the textbook. The paper should follow the SESC format of state, explain, support, and conclude, see the Sample Paper posted in this course.
Norfolk State University Information Technology in Healthcare Thesis Statement

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Personal Philosophy of Student Affairs Essay

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Personal Philosophy of Student Affairs Essay.

I’m working on a philosophy multi-part question and need an explanation to help me study.

Philosophy of Student Affairs
Final Assessment: Personal Statement of Student Affairs Philosophy
*For details, see attached final assessment rubric.
Double spaced, 12 point font, 7 pages. The Philosophy of Student Affairs paper is designed to make certain that students have
knowledge of the principles that underlie the profession and have clarity about the
values that arise from and sustain those principles. Chapter 31 (attached) gives an overview of how to integrate your ideas around theory
and practice as well as philosophy and values that guide student affairs work. The
personal statement should describe how you see your professional role as a student
affairs practitioner.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Personal Philosophy of Student Affairs Essay

Reasons for Interpreting Screening Tests Results with Caution Argumentative Essay

Reasons for Interpreting Screening Tests Results with Caution Argumentative Essay. Introduction People normally go for screening tests for specific reasons. There are different health related conditions at the family level that members may test. Screening tests enable families comprehend health related conditions in their lineages. Furthermore, screening generates accurate information, which informs patients decision-making processed. The results emerging from screening processes are crucial to clients. The interpretation of screening results is also crucial to providing clients with accurate information regarding their health conditions. Evidently, challenges associated with interpreting screening results are imminent. This increases the requirement that people interpret screening results with caution. In the subsequent sections, this paper discusses the reasons for excising caution while interpreting test results Possibilities for a false-positive result and a false-negative result Every family anticipates that screening should generate accurate information. However, screening outcome may hinder health related decision making in certain situations. Screening results may defectively discriminate between clients with disease and those without. This can happen when the outcome is incoherent with the actual clinical condition of client. The challenge may also emerge because of improper integration of screening outcome within the clinical contexts (MarotzReasons for Interpreting Screening Tests Results with Caution Argumentative Essay