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MBW: The Digital Auto Report essay help websites American History essay help

We recommend 3-series touring wagon development project as a target of Digital Car Project. The ultimate objective of the project is to halve lead time of product development in BMW from 60 months to 30 month. As a result. The firm can incorporate reflect fickle customers’ tastes and the latest technology to their product development quickly and it enable them to fit the market needs strategically. If this change is successful, the experience and knowledge can be transferred to 7-series and all other new projects.

It will make BMW in front of the competition. And it will save huge money and time of the firm. 1-2. Digital technology, such as CAD, is considerably effective to reduce product development lead time even in other competitors. Considering digital technology as hardware, Its directions and capability of staff operating the technology, however, might be critical issue on product development using digital technology. Moreover we should not ignore the fact that the capability and experience would be brought as a result of learning and accumulated experience and knowledge. 1-3. series touring wagon will Inherit platform and basic design concept from 3-series sedan. Fortunately the current 3- series sedan has been developed through computer design process. Therefore, it can be thought that there is some accumulated experience of product development using computer design. Additionally, the staff had realized its untapped potential as strategic product development tool. In other words, by adopting the development project as pilot experiment of the digital project. We think that BMW can accumulate and develop the competences for learning and adapting new process. 2.

Rationale There are several reasons for us to make such recommendations. 2-1 . BMW has not experienced revolutionary change in the product development process, which can be proven by the fact that BMW had only changed their development process twice In the last 40 years. As a result, staff at the operational level may not be able to adapt to the new digital project easily and quickly. They do not have rich experience of change and they do not have clear plan that tell all the managers and developers what they should do in the new scheme There might be some intense pressure within the firm. It is not the technology problems.

The development of new capabilities and changes to processes and organization will bring the confusion to staffs and uncertainties to ‘Off managers should fully consider and anticipate the outcome of any strategic change. If BMW really uses the latest and revolutionary 7-Series platform as a “breaking- point” for the new digital technology, the whole development team will be pushed towards the ambitious goal, which may cause demutualization amongst the developers and engineers. Moreover, there seems no way back if the project cannot be implemented as planned because the project would serve as a psychological Rubicund.

And if the change not successful as the firm expect, it will ruin the current good condition of the firm and cause the production processes slower than before. Even worse, they will lose part of market share. In our point of view, senior managers should avoid to make such a ruthless and aggressive decision when the company is running successfully. We appreciate the necessity and significance of changing but it would be highly risky to corner yourself. 3-3. In a purely technological perspective, it s a more appropriate idea to make changes to derivative 3-Series than 7-Series. – Series is still at the early stage of its development and there would be quite a few technological problems occurring in the later processes. If BMW uses 7-Series, probably everyone will be too busy with the other technological problems to pay enough attention to the digital process itself. In this experiment, the impact on the result from one variable (the new digital process) would be ambiguous because of other variables (the other technological problems). Whereas, if the derivative 3-Series s the subjective in the experiment, there will be no such ambiguity because most of its technological problems had already been solved.

How effectively and efficiently the new digital process can shorten the development period will be measurable. 3. Implementation BMW will adopt concurrent engineering in the new project will be to shorten the development lead time. However, the real objective is not Just to synchronize the activities in the project, but also it is to promote and increase interaction among the concurrence activities to increase accuracy of problem identification and solving, namely the capability of front loading. Thus, by promoting the interaction in more efficient way and increasing the competency of problem solving in the project. -1 . Frequent and periodical meeting between different teams, and in the each team. When conducting different activities simultaneously, a change in a team might affect to different activities instantly. Therefore, the team managers should meet up to check the progress and change of others. Moreover, they should understand each other’s activity. For instance, design division should consider what kind of change effect the specification on production engineering division, and vice versa. The managers also feedback the information and educate their team staff.

Every project team and staff needs to understand and realized potential cross-functional problem as early phase as possible. 3-2. Dedicated project team The staff will be busy to daily activities, therefore the dedicated project team to manage and establish front loading concept in the whole project. The team should supervise the project broadly and consider enablers and obstacles of front loading with cooperation of each division managers. -3. Data sharing through intranet and database. Digitized data would be the huge advantage of this project.

By sharing the data their tasks instantly. Moreover, the data and other information (requests to others, case of problem and its solution) should be accumulated in the database. It will be strategic knowledge to increase the capability of problem solving in the future. 3-4. Targeted lead time This project is the first challenge and pilot experiment for front loading (FL). The ultimate targeted lead time will be 30 months. At this stage, however, the first priority household be to foundation and to foster capability of FL.

Considering the term for capability building, more than 30 months, for instance around 35 month, might be practical. More specifically, 15 months should be spend for conceptualization and design, and 20 months also should be devoted for development and engineering. The Conceptualization and design phase have been the sections spending the longest lead time because of using physical prototype. However digital design will dramatically change the situation. Therefore, it would not be difficult to halve the concept and design phases from 30 to 15 months.

Moreover the 5 months included in the 15 months is for foundation building for FL. Ultimately it will be reduced by 10 months, and will contribute to shorten the whole lead time. 4. Risks 4-1 . For BMW, not all problems can be solved via digital simulation. For example, Bum’s multiple surfaces that could not be easily created on a digital computer. It have been vantage in there product craftsmanship . Development. Although the digital computer design and creditworthiness can save a lot of time, BMW still need to make sure they can keep their traditional advantages such as multiple surfaces.

Thus, it deeds effective meetings to discuss which method should be used for the problems. 4-2. Define the time range for change. Quicker change will not have clear plan and preparation. It will destroy the whole thing and waste additional time to solve problems. In contrast, slower change also will bring the implementation problems and market erosion. For implementation, the more time they use, the more negative motion will occur in the employees. And at last, they will not do it. For market, the more time they take, the more risk to fit customers tastes. They need careful consideration about. 5. Alternatives

The alternative for the project is to use the new digital development process upon 7- Series with more time dedicated. The change is more an organizational change than just a technological change. Therefore, we think it is brilliant for BMW to let the application of a new technology pull the trigger of an ultimate organizational change within the whole company. 7-Series are the most important products of BMW, which meaner any change to the current designing processes will definitely draw employees’ attention. To conduct the change under a larger time scale will offer BMW a real opportunity to change the whole company.


The life expectancy of Timely brand watches is normally distributed with a mean of four years and a standard deviation of eight months. a. What is the probability that a randomly selected watch will be in working condition for more than five years? b. The company has a three-year warranty period on its watches. What percentage of its watches will be in operating condition after the warranty period? c. What are the minimum and maximum life expectancies of the middle 95% of the watches? d. Ninety-five percent of the watches will have a life expectancy of at least how many months? A major department store has determined that its customers charge an average of $500 per month, with a standard deviation of $80. Assume the amounts of charges are normally distributed. a. What percentage of customers charges more than $380 per month? b. What percentage of customers charges less than $340 per month? c. What percentage of customers charges between $644 and $700 per month?