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Policy Options SectionAfter clearly describing the problem at hand, your policy brief will analyze different options for resolving the problem. While the problem description section draws heavily on descriptive writing (painting a picture of the problem at hand and explaining why it’s important), the policy options section draws heavily on persuasive writing. Here, you’ll be making a clear and coherent argument about the pros and cons of different approaches to resolve the problem you’ve described. For the purpose of this assignment, you should present two policy alternatives. Both policy alternatives should be realistic—please do not posit “straw man” options that would not be considered viable by anyone familiar with your case. As emphasized by Young and Quinn, the policy options section should: Specifically describe the policy alternatives. After reading this section, your audience should clearly understand how the two distinct policies could be implemented. Evaluate the two policy alternatives based on chosen criteria (eg, cost-effectiveness, feasibility, timeliness, scale of impact, etc.). You’ll describe why your chosen criteria are important and discuss how effectively each policy satisfies the criteria (eg, Policy A costs a lot, but it can produce immediate change. Policy B is inexpensive, but will take a long time to produce any change).Provide a convincing argument for the preferred policy alternative. By the end of this section, the reader should know which policy is preferred and why it’s the better one. The preferred option should be your second option.Young and Quinn (p. 68) provide a series of questions that offer a helpful guide for the policy options section: What is your overall evaluation of each policy option? You’ve selected one preferred policy alternative. Why is it your preferred alternative? What’s lacking in the other policy alternative(s)? How did you base your decision on which policy alternative is the best? What are the limitations to your preferred option? Your policy options section should be between 900-1200 words.
SOCECOL 183 UCI Maintain Free and Open Border Essay
Write a profile
Write a profile.
Develop a comprehensive and detailed 2 to 3 typed (double-spaced) profile of a person, place, or event that would be interesting to a general audience.OrganizationAt a minimum, your profile should include the following elements:A subject (a person, organization, place, or event) that allows you to explore an issue, idea, or theme that is interesting to you and your readers.An interesting angle that captures a single dominant impression about the subject.A description of the subject that allows readers to visualize and imagine it.Background information that describes the setting or social context of the subject.Anecdotes that reveal the character of the subject through actions and dialogue.A main point, or central theme about the subject that goes beyond the surface and factual details to address larger questions.Sentences that are complete and relatively error free.Thesis StatementBut where does my thesis statement go? The placement of your main point (thesis) depends on the type of profile you are writing. In a descriptive profile, you can state your main point in the introduction. Tell your readers up front what you are trying to show about your subject. In a narrative profile, you probably won’t state your main point in the introduction. Instead, you should wait until the conclusion to reveal your overall point. Something rather open is fine on this essay (such as, “My grandfather is one of the strangest people you’ll ever meet.”)The ConclusionProfiles shouldn’t just end; they should leave an impression. Because endings, like beginnings, get special attention from readers, your conclusion should include information, ideas, or images that leave readers with a sense of the point (or thesis) you want to make. Conclude with a strong impression that will stay with your readers.
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US Diplomatic and International Relations Proposal
essay order Research Topic My academic discipline is International Relations and my research focus will be International Diplomacy. This research will examine and compare diplomatic and foreign policies of two states, New York and Texas. My proposed research question is: Is there an Increasing Need for Effective Diplomatic and international Relations on the part of individual US states? This is a proposal for my research on international relations and diplomacy. I am going to defend my research methodology as well as the research goals and objectives in terms of their relevance and importance. I will also highlight my research question and sub-questions. Research Context In this field, there are a number of academic debates that can arise. Comparing the two states, several differences as well as similarities in their foreign policies can be identified. The need for more research on this topic has not been emphasized enough therefore some debatable aspects have not been studied comprehensively. Enough research on international diplomacy has been done but the research on diplomacy between two sub-countries has not been broadly pursued. According to a survey done by the Teaching Research and International Policy’s project, Alexander Wendt is the most influential scholar in the field of diplomacy. His great achievements in the field earned him the best book of the decade’s award from the International Studies Association. The book is titled Social Theory of International Politics. Debra Allan J IN her book ‘Historical Dictionary of U.S. Diplomacy from the Revolution to Secession’ has written about diplomacy in Texas and New York. Alexander Wendt’s recent research suggests that there is an imminent possibility of a global state. This means that with the rate and extent of current globalization, interaction between countries will make foreign policies more important now than they were a decade ago. My research will seek to identify the need and benefits of diplomatic relations between two countries or states. Every state must structure its diplomatic associations and international relations to serve the best interest of its citizens. As the world becomes a globalized village, every nation needs to review its foreign policies. As countries foster diplomatic relations, the policies governing such interactions should be benefiting citizens from both sides. The recommended research question in this proposal captures a broad scope in international relations. Research Question; how do foreign policies and diplomacy influence the relationship between two sub-countries? Other sub-research questions include: What are the benefits of international relations to a Sub-country? How does globalization influence diplomatic relations between countries that are sub-units of states? Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The dependent variable in this research is Economic and Diplomatic Integration. International relations will enhance global economic and diplomatic integration among nations hence influencing globalization. The independent variable is Globalization. Globalization does not depend on the foreign policies or diplomatic relations in Texas or New York states. It is in the best interest of the two states to develop foreign policies that will enable them to relate and interact with the rest of the world. In this research, I will be comparing the foreign policies of New York and Texas states to determine how diplomacy influences international relations. There are several benefits that ensue from diplomatic relations. I intend to research on such benefits using New York and Texas states in my case analysis. IR is a tool for effective and fruitful economic and diplomatic integration among countries. With the current globalized village, this is very important for Texas and New York as the two states explore options of integration. The global village phenomenon is unstoppable and countries should consider having good diplomatic relations with the rest of the world. Globalization is the key to a successful global economy and it is currently happening at a faster rate than before. This research will extensively discuss the foreign policies adopted by New York and Texas. In this discussion, I will compare and contrast the implications of foreign policies to the two states. This includes their implication on the general economic growth, the import and export market, as well as political relevance globally. This research is based on historic accounts and therefore most of the information that I will require will be retrieved from secondary sources. I will use the internet to get information about the effects of foreign policies globally. Such information can be found in reputable and authoritative websites all over the internet. Books will also be part of my sources since there are numerous written literatures on the subject which can perfectly relate to my case study. I will also depend on government sources to get authentic policies that are in place. This will enhance my research’s credibility and authenticity. The College of Sciences’ website has very resourceful information on diplomatic relations. In addition, I will also rely on Alexander Wendt’s book among other researches that the scholar has written. These are some of my research sources that I have chosen based on the level of authenticity and amount of information therein. We will write a custom Proposal on US Diplomatic and International Relations specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More My methodology for this research is very important because of the nature of my context. This is a fact-based research therefore accurate information is required. In addition, this kind of a research requires a lot of findings and field work. Therefore, I need a lot of information and the ease of access to such data is very important. With the amount of data that I require to complete this research, valuable information can be very costly. For this reason, I need a cost effective methodology to gather my information. Secondary sources are normally easy and cheap to access compared to primary sources. This research will be very useful in persuading the government to review and improve its foreign policies. It will unearth the effects and implications of international relations and this will magnify the importance of IR. The IR theory is very important not only for New York and Texas but also for the entire world. The research will seek to clearly prove that international relations and diplomatic integration between nations is the most prudent way to enhance economic expansion. Interaction between nations can be beneficial or oppressive depending on the policies in place. This includes limits and privileges between two countries or states. This research can be a very important asset for the government and political stakeholders. However, there are several limitations that I will anticipate in the process. One of the major limitations that I can foresee is lack of information from the government’s websites. Some foreign policies are government’s top secrets that are classified as matters of national security. Such information may not be posted on their website pages or in any public platform. There is also the danger of getting incomplete information on the internet. For instance, some articles are posted with the abstract as the only visible text. In addition, most of the secondary information may not meet my specific needs for the research. This is normal for all secondary sources.
Why professionalism in radiology department is mandate
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp This paper is aimed at critically evaluating the research article titled ‘Profession and professionalization in medical radiation science as an emergent profession’ by Sim and Alex. This article was published in the Radiography Journal. This research article assumes that Medical Radiation Science practitioners suffer from low self esteem because of the fact that Medical Radiation Science is not recognized to be as much a profession as medicine and law are. According to the article, Medical Radiation Science is an emerging profession that has yet to be recognised. The article goes on to define the meaning of the words profession and professionalization. A profession is considered to meet five criteria which include: “a possession of specialised knowledge which can be acquired only thorough higher education, representation via a professional organisation, a distinctive code of professional conduct, autonomy, and altruism”1. According to the article, since Medical Radiation Science meets three requirements that exclude autonomy and altruism, by definition, Medical Radiation Science should be considered a profession. The attitudes of Medical Radiation Science practitioners have been discussed in the article, along with the effect that workplace culture has on the Medical Radiation Science practitioners. This paper critiques the research that was conducted by Sim and Alex in the aim of proving that research is a professional mandate. Critique The title of the article, ‘Profession and professionalization in medical radiation science as an emergent profession,’ has failed to clearly define what the article is about. The title includes the study population and what major outcome is being measured. It is clear from the title that the study population is Medical Radiation Science practitioners. The major outcome being measured is the emergent profession and professionalization of Medical Radiation Science. It is, however, unclear what methodology will be used to measure observations made from the study. The aim of the article is to examine challenges that Medical Radiation Science practitioners face as they struggle to be recognized as professionals. In more detail, the purpose of the article is to look at factors that Medical Radiation Science faces in Australia, among which include: reducing operation costs, increasing consumer expectations, increasing competition within Medical Radiation Science, finding new ways to organise the Medical Radiation Science profession workforce and deregulation. The aim of this article is new, interesting, feasible and relevant. For a health care delivery system to be effective, high degrees of skill in professionalism are required2. A successful radiology department requires its practitioners to practice this skill well. Measuring performance and setting expectations with Medical Radiation Science practitioners were not issues that were held with emphasis until very lately3. There was lack of effort in raising issues and setting standards that the Medical Radiation Science practitioners needed to meet4. It is therefore crucial that researchers describe components that they can use to promote the Medical Radiation Science practitioners profession and professionalization. The recent focus that has been seen in the media and among the medical community on professionalism among health workers is a key player on determining the involvement of the Medical Radiation Science practitioners5. According to Luke and Jude, there have been widespread deficiencies when it comes to giving safe care of high quality in the Australian hospitals6. As a result, initiatives have begun in multiple hospitals. Six overreaching goals need to be set up to ensure optimal health care. These goals are that health care should be equitably given, safe, efficient, timely, patient centred and effective7. For these goals to be achieved, the Medical Radiation Science practitioners should improve their professionalism to improve patient care8. The research activity carried out by the subject article has been summarised in a well written abstract which quickly provides the reader with a quick glance into the article. The abstract in the article has been divided into three parts that include the purpose of the study, findings and conclusion. The findings in this article are ambiguous because no clear research methodology was followed. One of the findings includes low professional self-esteem and apathy among Medical Radiation Science practitioners that causes them to lack self-esteem that is required for them to be willing and able to learn more and take on increasing responsibilities at work. No prove of research on this issue has been shown in the article as to how the authors came up with that finding. An abstract may be all that an expert or busy reviewer with little time on their hands needs to look at to decide whether or not a research article is acceptable9. The diagram below outlines a standard radiology department and the basic functions that are carried out, with an emphasis on clinical care delivery10. Professionalism is essential at all parts of the department. The diagram shows that there are interactions between individuals and system interfaces in a radiology department. There is always the risk that during the interaction, miscommunication of information is always possible11. Most problems that occur in a radiology department are not caused by a deficiency in technical skill, but are rather caused by poor communication12. This bad communication is unprofessional, and it occurs between the referring physicians and the Medical Radiation Science practitioners, between the families and the Medical Radiation Science practitioners or between the Medical Radiation Science practitioners themselves13. As much as the Medical Radiation Science practitioners may be clinically competent or may have proper motivation, unprofessionalism could still occur14. After the abstract, the article covers an introduction. The reason why an introduction is important is that it defines a question that is to be answered as the reader progresses through the article15. The introduction also gives a reason as to why an answer to this question needs to be found. The introduction is divided into parts that consist of a background on the topic in question, the rationale used, the framework used in developing the concept and so on16. In this particular paper, the authors have done a good job witting the introduction. A background check on Medical Radiation Science practitioners and the problems they face have been mentioned in passing. These problems include a low professional status, low self-esteem, lack of recognition and low public profile. The question raised is clearly stated as being whether or not the Medical Radiation Science practitioners are in a recognized profession. The introduction describes that the meanings of the words ‘profession’ and ‘professionalization’ will be analysed and answers to reduce low self-esteem and apathy among practitioners will be sought. The next segment that follows after an introduction is the literature review. In this section, all relevant information regarding the research topic is written down as a summary. This literature review will give justification why is it important for the research to be conducted17. The authors of this article have done a good job in doing a literature review. As the introduction begged the questions: ‘What is a profession?’, the literature review of the article looks at answers given by an author called Millerson who has identified ways that can be used to recognise whether an occupation is a profession or not. This is the basis used by the authors of the article in answering their research question on what is a profession. Authors called Vollmer and Mills have also been mentioned in brief as contributors to the definition of professionalization. According to the bibliography, the authors of the article have done extensive research from 67 other authors of books, articles and websites. The section that comes next after literature review is methodology. Methodology explains the methods used in collecting data, the participants, the settings and the manner in which the collected data was analysed18. The reasons as to why a study design is used are also given. Much of the work done in the remaining part of the article is definition of what a profession is. No research was carried out, and if it was, no documentation was made. While reading the article one cannot help asking if the information presented is an assumption of facts or the authors’ own feelings about the issue of Medical Radiation Science practitioners’ profession. A national study has been mentioned briefly as a source of information concerning Medical Radiation Science practitioners and their ability to continue learning. No methods were used in collecting data, no participants were involved to so much as give an interview and the settings and the manner in which the collected data was analysed is unclear. The reasons as to why the authors of the article briefly mentioned the national study in their article have not been clearly stated. Anyone reading this article would wonder whether the conclusions made are appropriate. Ideally, the methodology section should describe, in chronological order, the design used, the conduct and data analysis that will enable answers to the specific objectives of the research to be provided19. Headings and subheading are important so that readers can review the methodology with ease. Also included in the methodology should be the study’s design, population, setting, plan used for data analysis and manoeuvres. No headings or subheadings have been used in the subject article because no data was collected. Basically, the article did not have a research methodology section allocated to it. Since no data was collected, no results would be generated. A results section accounts for the subjects used in the research from the time they were screened, enrolled in the study and finally included in the final analysis. A report on the whole final study population characteristics as well as results from comparative groups are made. The results are given in text format, in tables or graphs. Graphs are recommended because they are the most appropriate. The lack of tables or graphs in the subject article is a direct result of not having a methodology section in the article, all of which contribute to bad research practice. Evaluating the general performance of individual Medical Radiation Science practitioners can be extremely difficult20. The subjective nature of topics related to the profession can make it difficult to identify the performance components related to professionalism. It is difficult to measure the many different factors that contribute to an excellent Medical Radiation Science practitioner. A complex set of behaviours that have multiple characteristics form the basis of successful Medical Radiation Science practitioner behaviour21. To be perceived as a Medical Radiation Science professional by the general public, patients or referring physicians, a health care provider must demonstrate three general attributes. These are: clinical competence, effective communication and prioritising a patient’s best interests so as to make an ethical decision22. To be perceived as a Medical Radiation Science professional, a health care provider must exhibit all three of these attributes. Demonstrating two of these three attributes caused a health care provider to be perceived as suboptimal. Professionalism is directly related to customer service and satisfaction. After the results section, the next segment in an article should be the discussion where interpretation on the results in the light of the study is done. The results are accessed based on the general schema of current practice trends or information. The strengths and limitations of the study are analysed in this section. The authors should have compared their findings with the information from other authors or surveys and any differences noted should have been highlighted. Here we see that the subject article is lacking some more as no comparing has been made. The conclusion is the next section after the discussion. Ideally, the conclusion sometimes covers the summary and recommendations and should be the last section in a research article. The authors have written a conclusion that summarises that Medical Radiation Science practitioners have characteristics that justify their occupation as being a profession. The conclusion also states that professionalization of Medical Radiation Science has proven problematic. A recommendation has been made that states that reflective practitioners should assist Medical Radiation Science practitioners to achieve a true professional status, address the challenges that the Medical Radiation Science profession is confronted with and to finally help Medical Radiation Science practitioners in advancing their clinical practice. The subject article has a well written conclusion. Conclusion and recommendations The research on ‘Profession and professionalization in medical radiation science as an emergent profession’ has its ups and downs. The authors or the research article should have provided a scholarly discussion that showed two very important things every research article needs: discussion of activity done in research and results analysis that proves that the authors have mastered the topic in discussion. The lack of research methodology, results from research and discussion of the results leaves much to be desired from the article. The topic was well written, and the introduction was exhaustive. The literature review shows many sources of information were used, but the research data from these sources should have been included in the subject article. The conclusion was well written. All in all, the subject research article was not badly written, but it could benefit if the authors made some improvements. Professionalism is a key player in ensuring effective health care delivery. A successful radiology department, and indeed a successful Medical Radiation Science practitioner, need to possess professional skills. There was lack of identifying the importance of professionalism until very recently, when studies showed that lack of incentives was caused by failure to set expectations and measure performance of health care providers23. The radiology departments and the Medical Radiation Science practitioners that embrace programs that will enhance professionalism will demonstrate excellence in delivery of research, clinical care and education. On the other hand, those radiology departments and Medical Radiation Science practitioners who view such programs as new regulatory obstacles will fail. Despite the fact that measuring the subjective attributes defining an excellent and outstanding Medical Radiation Science professional is difficult, it is important to note that a successful radiology department is one that continually develops programs that stress the importance of professionalism among its Medical Radiation Science practitioners24. Notes Jenny Sim and Alex Radloff. “Profession and professionalization in medical radiation science as an emergent profession.” Radiography 15 (2009): 203-208. Jen Pichert, Charles Miller and Albert Hollo. “What health professionals can do to identify and resolve patient dissatisfaction.” Jt Comm J Qual Improv 24 (1998): 303-312. Joseph Kruskal, Brian Siewert, Steve Anderson, Richard Eisenberg and John Sosna. “Managing an Acute Adverse Event in a Radiology Department.” RadioGraphics 28 (2008): 1237 – 1250. Clark Violato, Jen Lockyer and Hilary Fidler. “The assessment of pediatricians by a regulatory authority.” Pediatrics 117 (2006): 776-802. Patrick Ramsey, Mark Wenrich, Julius Carline, Sirius Inui and Evelyn Larson. “Use of peer ratings to evaluate physician performance.” JAMA 269 (1993): 1638-1660. Luke Donnelly and Jude Strife. “Performance-based assessment of radiology faculty: A practical plan to promote improvement and meet JCAHO standards.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 184 (2005): 1398-1401. Felix Coakley, Victor Liberman and Lloyd Panicek. “Style guidelines for radiology reporting: A manner of speaking.” AJR Am J Roentgenol 180 (2003): 307-328. Emery Galloway. “Ethics Education in the Radiology Residency Curriculum.” Am. J. Roentgenol 183(2004): 546 – 573. Ronald Epstein and Hundert Milton. “Defining and assessing professional competence.” JAMA 287 (2002): 226-235. Jenniffer Thrall. “Quality and safety revolution in health care.” Radiology 233 (2004): 3-12. Clark Carraccio, Robert Englander, Sam Wolfsthal, Martin Collins and Ferentz Kenneth. “Educating the pediatrician of the 21st century: Defining implementing a competency-based system.” Pediatrics 113 (2004): 252-258. Robert Gunderman. “A vital skill for radiologic education.” Acad Radiol 8 (2001): 651-655. Michael Janower. “Ethics Training for Radiology Residents.” Am. J. Roentgenol 184 (2005): 673 – 701. Amos Robinson. “Maintaining consultation skills in today’s practice environment.” Acad Radiol 8 (2001): 612-656. John Madewell, Ron Hattery and Steve Thomas. “American Board of Radiology: Maintenance of certification.” Radiology 234 (2005): 17-25. Ross Lipner, Lillian Blank, Floyd Leas and Silvia Fortna. “The value of patient and peer ratings in recertification.” Acad Med 77 (2002): 34-66. Jane Wood, Bundy Collins and Susan Burnsidel. “Patient, faculty, and self-assessment of radiology resident performance: A 360-degree method of measuring professionalism and interpersonal/communication skills.” Acad Radiol 11 (2004): 931-939. Clark Violato and Jen Lockyer. “Self and peer assessment of pediatricians, psychiatrists and medicine specialists: Implications for self-directed learning.” Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 11 (2006): 235-244. Liam Denham and Frederick Strife. “Establishing a program to promote professionalism and effective communication in radiology.” Radiology 8 (2006): 163-179. Robert Gunderman. “Role models in the education of radiologists.” AJR 179 (2002): 307 -329. Hillary Fidler, Joseoh Lockyer, John Toews and Clark Violato. “Changing physicians’ practices: The effect of individual feedback.” Acad Med 74 (1999): 702-714. Cass Argyris. “Teaching smart people how to learn.” Harv Bus Rev 75 (1991): 99-109. Joseph Lockyer, Clay Violato and Hilary Fidler. “The assessment of emergency physicians by a regulatory authority.” Acad Emerg Med 13 (2006): 1286-1303. Michael Halsted. “Radiology peer review as an opportunity to reduce errors and improve patient care.” J Am Coll Radiol 12 (2004): 984-987. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
SMC The Journey to Full Citizenship of African Americans Mississippi State Case Study
SMC The Journey to Full Citizenship of African Americans Mississippi State Case Study.
Community Forum: The goal of this peer review exercise is to explore the textbook series theme “What is an American?” and to engage with the ideas of a classmate on the main concepts of the class.Click Community Forum #2Actions to download a word doc copy.Assignment InstructionsThis assignment has two parts and multiple due dates.Part I: Informed Reflection Due before 11:59pm, Friday November 13. Worth up to 30 points.500 to 550 word written response to the prompt provided below. Provide clearly stated ideas with detailed supporting evidence and answer the prompt.Proof-read assignment for clarity, coherence & organization of ideas, and proper grammar and syntax.Include name, double-space, 12-point Times font.Canvas will only accept .doc or .pdf file extensions. Use Google docs to save as a .doc file, if you don’t own Microsoft.Late entries are not eligible for a peer review. Canvas automatically assigns you a peer review partner beginning at 12:00am, 11/14. If you miss the deadline, you can earn points for Part I, but not Part II.PromptWatch PBS Eyes on the Prize, episode 5 “Mississippi, Is this America?, 1962-1964” and draw evidence from the documentary and assigned readings in your response to the prompt.“Even more than elevating blacks to full citizenship, declared the writer James Baldwin, the civil rights movement challenged the United States to rethink “what it really means by freedom”—including whether freedom applied to all Americans or only to part of the population. With their freedom rides, freedom schools, freedom marches, and the insistent cry ‘Freedom now,’ Black Americans and their White allies made freedom once again the rallying cry of the disposed.” (Give Me Liberty, 986)Analyze James Baldwin’s statement about the civil rights movement challenging the United States to rethink “what it really means by freedom.” How did civil rights activists featured in the Eyes on the Prize documentary challenge the government and American citizens to rethink the meaning and social conditions of freedom? Draw relevant connections to Ch. 25 and Ch. 26 topics on the Southern and Northern Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.
SMC The Journey to Full Citizenship of African Americans Mississippi State Case Study
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