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Managerial Communication: Strategies and Applications Essay

Table of Contents General objectives Action objectives Communication objectives Audience Strategy Message Strategy direct / indirect€ Channel Choice Culture Strategy References The company has decided that it will be hiring 20 new clients every month, which means that employees will be expected to be more productive than they currently are. It is important to find a way of passing this important message to the employees in a way that will not make them react negatively. The employees should not view the new strategy as a deliberate attempt to exploit them. The following are the objectives that I as the communicator will have when developing a strategy to pass this message. General objectives The general objective will be to convince the employees that the new policy is designed to help all the stakeholders grow within this firm. Action objectives The action objective will be to find effective ways of passing this message in a conscious and clear manner, and in a way that is very convincing to the entire audience. Communication objectives The communication strategy is to be as convincing as possible to ensure that the message is bought by the audience. Audience Strategy When developing audience strategy, it becomes necessary to understand their needs and expectations. When presenting this message, they must see the benefits that they shall get from the new arrangement. The message should focus more on the benefits of the audience than the responsibility that is expected of the audience. As Hynes (2015) says, the audience should feel that the new strategy is meant to create a better working environment to them and eliminate the possibility of any of them being laid off. Message Strategy direct / indirect€ The strategy of delivering the message is also very important. Information that has serious impacts to the audience cannot be passed using indirect means (Jones, 2008). In this case, the employees will be directly affected because they will be expected to deliver more than they were used to in the past. As such, the message must be passed to them directly. As the manager in this company, I will personally meet the employees and pass the message to them directly. I will ensure that any question that they may have is answered properly. Channel Choice The channel of delivering the message is also very important. As stated in the section above, I will meet the employees personally, which means that oral delivery of the message will be necessary. However, it is also true that employees often consider written messages as more official and binding. I will, therefore, use a blend of both oral and written message delivery strategy. The oral method will come first to prepare the employees for the expected change. They get to ask questions and receive immediate answers. Their fears get to be effectively addressed. After that, there will be a written letter that will reiterate the message that had been passed to them orally. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Culture Strategy It is clear from the case that the employees come from a diverse background. The message must, therefore, be sensitive of this cultural diversity. I will try as much as possible to avoid instances where the message is seen to target a certain group of employees based on their age, race, religion, or gender. The aim will be to ensure that the message is received positively by people across all the ages, gender, race, and religion. No single group will be let to feel intimidated when this policy is initiated. References Hynes, G. E. (2015). Managerial communication: Strategies and applications. New York, NY: Cengage Jones, P. (2008). Communicating strategy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley
San Diego State University Management Summation of Probability Question.

BuncoFor this Critical Thinking assignment, you will apply concepts from probability theory to real-world scenarios.Bunco is a group dice game that requires no skill. The objective of the game is to accumulate points by rolling certain combinations. The game is played with three dice, but we will consider a simpler version involving only two dice.How do you play two dice Bunco?There are six rounds, one for each of the possible outcomes in a die, namely the numbers one through six.Going clockwise, players take turns rolling two dice trying to score points. Points are usually awarded as such: 21 points if both dice match the current round number (a “Bunco”); five points are awarded if both dice match each other, but do not match the current round number (a “Mini Bunco”). Finally, one point is awarded for a single die matching the current round number.If points are scored, the player gets to roll again, continuing to add to their score. If no points are awarded, the player’s turn ends and the dice are passed to the next player.At the end of the game, the winners get prizes for accomplishments such as the highest score, the lowest score, or the most buncos.Part I: Complete the following steps assuming the round number is 6:What is the probability that the player rolls two distinct numbers different than six or rolls exactly one six (no points or one point)?What is the probability that the player rolls two of the same number but no six, i.e., two 1s, or two 2s, and so on (five points Mini Bunco)?What is the probability that the player rolls two 6s (21 points Bunco)?Compute the total of the probabilities found in the three previous questions.If the player wins a dollar for every point, he/she gets and losses three dollars for getting no points, what are the expected winnings or losses on each roll?Part II: Based on your work in Part I, discuss the following:Describe the sample space when rolling two dice once. How can identifying all the elements of the sample space help you answer the questions in Part I?Determine if “rolling two different numbers different than six” or “rolling exactly one six” are mutually exclusive events. Justify your answer. Explain how this information can help you answer question one, Part I.Describe the relationship between odds and probability. Explain how you can use the result in question three, Part I to find the odds of getting a Bunco in a single roll.What does the result found in question four, Part I imply about these events? Explain how you have used the answers to questions one and two, Part I to get the answer to question three, Part I.Interpret the answer to question five, Part I.Discuss the advantages of understanding probabilities when playing dice games.Think of another scenario where probabilities can be used. Discuss the advantages of using probabilities in the context of the scenario you created.Requirements:You must submit two files for this assignment. The first file should contain the computations, graphs, diagrams, etc., associated with the questions in Part I. This file may be formatted as a numbered list of answers. Unless stated in the problem, a narrative discussion is not required, but you must provide enough information to show how you arrived at the answer.The second file should be a 2-3-page narrative paper, written in APA format, associated with the situation described in Part II. Specific requirements for the paper are provided below:Your paper should be 2-3 pages in length (not counting the title page and references page) and should cite and integrate at least two credible outside sources. The CSU Global Library is a great place to find resources. Your textbook is a credible resource.Include a title page, introduction, body, conclusion, and a reference page.The introduction should describe or summarize the topic or problem. It might discuss the general applications of the topic or it might introduce the unique terminology associated with the topic.The body of your paper should address the questions posed in the problem. Explain how you approached and answered the question or solved the problem, and, for each question, show all steps involved. Be sure this is in paragraph format, not numbered answers like a homework assignment.The conclusion should summarize your thoughts about what you have determined from your analysis in completing the assignment. Nothing new should be introduced in the conclusion that was not previously discussed in the body paragraphs.Include any tables of data or calculations, calculated values, and/or graphs referenced in the paper. (Note: The minimum required length excludes any tables, graphs, etc.)Document formatting, citations, and style should conform to the CSU Global Writing Center (Links to an external site.). A short summary containing much that you need to know about paper formatting, citations, and references is contained in the Template Paper (Links to an external site.). If you need assistance with your writing style or you need writing tips or tutorials, visit the CSU Global Writing Center (Links to an external site.).
San Diego State University Management Summation of Probability Question

ECON 482 QU The Taiji Cove Dolphin and Whale Hunt in Japan Discussion Paper.

Write a paper proposal of a topic in Environmental
Economics. Your paper must
include at least one mathematical microeconomic theory model which can be used to analyze your
paper topic; descriptive, econometric, empirical, and macroeconomic papers are not acceptable. A
selection of past paper titles is provided to show that a broad range of topics are acceptable. Please write about the Taiji cove dolphin and whale hunt in Japan and using EconLit, RePec as your primary search engine!! Google and Google Scholar are inferior
literature search engines to EconLit and Repec and should not be used as primary search engines. I have attached a file including specific instructions and requirements. please read the content highlighted in green!!
ECON 482 QU The Taiji Cove Dolphin and Whale Hunt in Japan Discussion Paper

discuss the role of the American stratification system in instigating the racial-justice movement exemplified by #BlackLivesMatter.

discuss the role of the American stratification system in instigating the racial-justice movement exemplified by #BlackLivesMatter.. I’m working on a Sociology question and need guidance to help me study.

Specifically, what social problems led to the disempowerment of black Americans? Then, discuss how we can understand the movement in light of either racial formation theory (Omi and Winant) or the theory of color-blind racism (Bonilla-Silva). What are the major tenets of the theory you choose, and how do they apply to this case? Finally, please interpret the movement from Marxist, Weberian, and elite theorist perspectives on inequality (all three, not just one). As you discuss each perspective, briefly summarize the main argument (that applies to the current topic), and then state how it applies to #BlackLivesMatter.
discuss the role of the American stratification system in instigating the racial-justice movement exemplified by #BlackLivesMatter.

Gene chlR in Streptomyces Venezuelae

essay writer free Gene chlR in Streptomyces Venezuelae. PCR amplification and overexpression of the positive regulatory gene chlR in Streptomyces venezuelae J. L. CLAYTON – BROWN Introduction The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique used in the amplification of DNA which utilises thermal stable polymerase, Thermus aquaticus (Taq) and primers which aid in the annealing of the chosen DNA strand, producing numerous replications through a cycle of appropriate temperature changes (Lorenz, 2012). Developed in 1983 by Dr. Kary Banks Mullis, PCRs ability to quantitate transcription levels of specific genes has revolutionised research and the understanding of gene function (Bustin, 2000) in its many applications, including the ability to: detect DNA polymorphs and point mutations (Orita et al., 1989), amplify specific genes for the construction of overexpression vectors (Liang et al., 2015), and recognising bacterial (Hill, 1996) and viral (Holodniy, 1994) pathogens. Advances within PCR have only broadened the spectrum of its implementations, with new techniques such as Quantative PCR, and Inverse PCR yielding new insights into once misunderstood areas of molecular biology (Jain and Varadarajan, 2013). ChlR is a cluster-associated transcriptional activator consisting of 987 base pairs within the putative CHL biosynthetic operon, predicated to encode the only positive regulator responsible for the initiation of production of chloramphenicol (CHL) (Fernández-Martínez, et al., 2014); with the usance of PCRs cloning capacity, it is predicted that the introduction of a plasmid capable of overexpression of the chlR gene will result in amplified activity of the CHL biosynthetic gene cluster. Method DNA amplification by means of PCR often requires a high fidelity taq polymerase within the PCR mixture to minimise mutations (McInerney et al., 2014). The chlR DNA fragment was inserted into the vector pIJ10257 [1] prior to PCR. The final reaction mixture consisted of the following: 10μl 5X Colorless GoTaq® Reaction Buffer, 2μl PCR Nucleotide Mix (10mM each dNTP), 5μl Apra_BamHI_F primer, 5μl Apra_BamHI_R primer, 2μl purified chlR chromosomal DNA, 5μl Dimethyl sulfoxide (D MSO), 20μl Nuclease-Free water, and 1μl GoTaq® G2 DNA Polymerase, equating to a total reaction volume of 50μl within a sterile, nuclease-free PCR tube, labelled as group 2. The appropriate annealing temperature was set accordingly with the melting temperature (Tm) of the hybridising portion of the primer. The extension temperature was calculated upon the approximation of 1 minute per every 1kb of required amplified DNA. The resulting thermal cycle was applied as such: an initial cycle at 95°C for 5 min (denaturation), 95°C for 30 secs (secondary denaturation), 56°C for 30 secs (annealing), 72°C for 90 secs (extension), repeated for 30 cycles from secondary denaturation. The final extension temperature was 72°C for a period of 5 mins (holding temperature 10°C). Gel electrophoresis (GE) was preformed using a 0.8% polysaccharide agarose gel within a Tris/Borate/EDTA (TBE) buffer and inserted into the 2nd column. Results Gels were removed from the gel box and inspected underneath a UV light. No band of DNA was visible within column 2; the molecular weight ladder and chromosomal DNA within columns 3, 13, and 16 from other accompanying PCR (run simultaneously under the same conditions previously described) were observable. When compared to the molecular ladder, successful DNA fragments indicated a base pair (bp) length of approximately 1000bp, in correlation with the 987bp of the chlR regulatory sequence, an indication that the inserted DNA is present. Fig.1 0.08% agarose gel exhibiting the DNA ladder and S. veneuzlae chromosomal DNA within column 3, 13, and 16. Column 3 shows an excessive quanity of DNA, an indication overproportionate amount of template DNA were added during procedure. The absence of DNA within column 2 (indiciated in red) evinces the failed PCR described in this paper. Discussion The absence of DNA within column 2 demonstrated the failure to obtain a PCR product. As each component was correctly incorporated, other aspects must be adjusted to result in an adequate amount of DNA cloning. There are several alterations implementable to increase the likelihood of success within the reaction, firstly being the redesign of appropriate primers as the most crucial component for successful amplification of the reaction (Dieffenbach et al., 1993); analysis based software for enhancing the specificity of the primers without compromising their sensitivity can be implemented, with programs such as Primer3 and QuantPrime offering the possibilities of designing internal oligonucleotides alongside primer pairs, and the optimisation of these primer pair designs enabling specificity evaluation, respectively (Noguera et al., 2014). If the primers present correctly, changes to the temperature cycle should next be ensured. A decrease in the annealing temperature has previously shown to reduce the risk of unspecific binding and preferential amplification (Sipos et al., 2007). A final modification to the protocol is to adjust the number of PCR cycles, as this change can influence aspects of the reaction; a low PCR cycle number may provide accurate estimation of bacterial richness and a decrease of PCR errors (Ahn et al., 2012), whilst an increase in cycles can improve fluorescent intensity of some dyes (SYBR® Green I) (Ramakers et al., 2003). Electroporation is a common method of transformation concerning plasmids, involving a brief high-voltage pulse which renders the membrane pores to transiently open and allow the subsequent uptake of DNA into the host cell (Pigac and Schrempf, 1995); an associated example is an electrotransformed Escherichia coli bacteriumwith a cloned, overexpressed chlR gene. In order to clarify correct insertion and amplification of the correct sequence, the DNA must be sequenced. The most common method of DNA sequencing for cloned PCR products is the Sanger sequence, which technique lies in the use of chain-terminating nucleotides (Sanger, et al., 1977). Once clarified, the replicative vector can then be transferred to S. venezuelae via coagulation from the E. coli, transferrable due to the origin of transfer (oriT) within the vector (Mazodier et al., 1989). It Is expected that an overexpression of the chlR gene would result in elevated levels of the encoded transcription factor protein, initiating increased transcription of the CHL biosynthetic cluster and producing a higher chloramphenicol yield; this would be observable through analysation via High Performance Liquid Chromatography, a sensitive method appropriate for gene expression analysis (Sivakumaran, et al., 2003).Recent research [2] has strongly indicated that the constitutive expression of chlR effects the overall expression of the speculated, proceeding genes within the cluster, confirming chlR’s role as a transcriptional activator (Fernández-Martínez et al., 2014). Gene chlR in Streptomyces Venezuelae

Harvard University ERD Tables Diagram and Database SQL Discussion

Harvard University ERD Tables Diagram and Database SQL Discussion.

Make tables, and the relationship. Also populate accurate data to imply the same relationship mapping. ERD diagram is there to help you The goal of the project is to implement a “prototype” database system application / ERD diagram for an eCommerce social-network system called UCOnline where users can explore information about books/music/software, rate your purchase, identify purchase price and see ratings of their friends. The project will require you to complete the assignment individually. Below you will find the ERD deliverable requirements. There are two parts to the assignment. You must create a diagram using a diagramming tool AND provide a written text-based document explaining your relationship mapping (systems analysis use case document). The assignment is worth 200 points. See rubric for grading scheme. BUSINESS REQUIREMENTS ACROSS ALL ASSIGNMENTS You will work with book/music/media information, user information, ratings of books, and users’ social network Each book has an id, title, publication date, publisher, ISBN, functional category, page count, price (publisher), and product description There are 3 categories of book: fiction, non-fiction, and specialty There are 2 categories of music: digital and media-based An author can write one or more books. A musician can be a solo artist, part of a group, or both An author can also be associated with one or more publishers. A musician/group/act can be associated with one or more music houses An author’s book can have one or more editions. A song and or album can have more than one version/edition (i.e. EP, LP, CD, DVD etc) A publisher can have many authors and many books. A record company can have many artists associated and many albums associated with it. A record company can also be the publishing company (i.e. self-publishing) Many ISBNs can also be associated with a given publisher but only one ISBN per form of medium (ie the ISBN is the PK no matter what). An author can write many books. An artist can write many songs, albums etc. UCOnline needs to keep track of user ratings for each item sold in the online store (e.g., 1-5 and 1 for ‘Dislike’, to 5, for ‘Awesome!’). A particular user rates a particular item at a given time. A user CANNOT rate the same multiple times unless there are multiple editions of the item. Each edition can be rated separately. Each user who submits a rating will be identified by a unique id and has a name, gender, age, and location. Nothing is anonymous. There is also a social network between users. Users can send communication requests (i.e. instant messages/emails) to other users. Such requests can be accepted or ignored. Once accepted, the two users are considered ‘book buddies.’ If ignored, the user can send the request again. We want to add a store when the requests were sent (timestamp), the result of the requests and when the request was answered (timestamp). NOte :- here is a use case associated with the assignment. You need to incorporate ALL requirements into the ERD, not just some components into the ERD Diagram. There are various examples that I have provided throughout the semester. I have pointed to another one so you know what I am explicitly expecting to see. About the ERD Diagram I expect to see a diagram such as this: Database Development: Entity Relationship Diagram (impacttechnology.co.uk). If I see a diagram that looks like this: entity-relationship-diagram.pdf (texample.net), the assignment will fair poorly for you and/or your team. That is NOT an ERD. (I always get one or two every semester). I have provided numerous hints through all the lectures on how to build the diagram out (i.e. the use case is a collection of many textbook examples). Deliverables An ERD Diagram (PDF File ONLY) A Word / PDF Document that describes exactly what is in your ERD. This helps me make sure you know what you modeled! Also, on that document, please tell me who did what for the assignment. Please provide me example screen shots to a working prototype of your database and/or access to the database. Make the dataset realistic, not scrap data. I will need to have access to the database if that is your preferred option until December 11, 2020 at 11:59pm EST unless I ask otherwise.
Harvard University ERD Tables Diagram and Database SQL Discussion

make up seminar assignment

make up seminar assignment.

Seminar Options In this unit’s Seminar, you will discuss the importance of reliable sources and how to evaluate research through critical analysis. Furthermore, you will also review examples of APA citation format and your instructor will explain the basics of this form of documenting sources in your writing. It would be a good idea to review the Writing Center’s resources on APA citation prior to Seminar so that you can ask questions about any confusing points. You can access the WC information through the following link: Research, Citation, and Plagiarism.https://kucampus.kaplan.edu/MyStudies/AcademicSupp…Seminar is an opportunity for you to share ideas, insights, and questions with your peers and instructor. Attending the Seminar allows you to practice what you have learned through the unit’s Learning Activities and Assignments. Seminar is required; therefore, you must either attend the synchronous Seminar or complete the Option 2 alternative assignment in order to be eligible for credit.Option 1: Participate in the scheduled synchronous Seminar, where the value of reliable research will be discussed along with how to evaluate the sources you find. The instructor will also provide insights about APA citation formatting.Option 2: Prepare a response and submit it through the unit’s Seminar Dropbox. This option should be composed in Word, written in Standard American English, and you should respond to the prompt below with at least two well-developed paragraphs.Respond to the following prompt:After reviewing the archived version of the Seminar, summarize three key points provided by the instructor. Then, think about a past experience you have had with unreliable information. What did you learn from this encounter, and how will what you learned in the Seminar help you to deal with misinformation you encounter in the future?Click this link for more information about how Option 1 and Option 2 are assessed by your instructor: Seminar Rubric.Submitting your Assignment:Put your Assignment in a Word document. Save it in a location on your computer and with a name that you will remember. When you are ready to submit it, go to the Dropbox and complete the steps below:Click the link that says, “Submit an Assignment.”In the “Submit to Basket” menu, select Unit 5: Seminar.Click the “Add Attachments” button.Follow the steps listed to attach your document.To view your graded work, come back to the Dropbox or go to the Gradebook after your instructor has evaluated it.
make up seminar assignment