Assume that you are working as a Project Manager in a
reputed construction company planning to develop a project with all Standards
in the capital of Oman
Prepare a method statement for Substructure and
create time plans and cost budgets for the same.
The case study should be written based on a real
construction project which covers about 20 pages based on the details.Report Format 1) The front cover of the report should have MEC logo and no page number should
appear. It must be in printed form using the following margin spacing (see sample
Top: 1.0 inches
Left: 1.5 inches
Right: 1.0 inches
Bottom: 1.0 inches 2) The report must be in black ink and is typed written in the English language using 12
points font of “Times New Roman “, on an A4 size standard paper. 3) The spacing of the lines must be 1.5 inches, using ‘justification’ alignment for the
running text, ‘center justification’ for the chapter heading, and ‘left justification for
the section heading/sub heading if any. 4) The font used for the chapter number and title is 18 points font; for the sections is 16
points font; and 14 points for sub sections if any. 5) Only one side of the page should be printed and the other side should be blank. 6) The page number should be in the ‘footer’ at the middle. The page number in the
‘Table of Contents’ where there is the ‘List of Tables’, ‘List of Figures’ must be in Roman numerals, (e.g. i, ii, ii,…) and all other pages must be assigned a running
Arabic number (1,2,3,…) starting from 1. 7) Every figure and table must have a figure number in an Arabic numeral (e.g. Figure 1,
Figure 2, …. and Table 1, Table 2,…). The figure title is centered at bottom of
figure. The table name is centered at the top of the table. Appendices are not required
in this report. Report Sections The Report should contain a minimum of 20 pages with the following sections:
Table of contents
Main body of Case Study
The report should start from the ‘cover page’ to the ‘references’ with the following sections: 1. Cover Page ( refer to sample copy uploaded in the moodle) 2. Table of contents:
‘Table of Contents’ must be in bold upper case size 16 points font in the middle of
‘List of Figures’, ‘List of Tables’ (if any) must be in the upper case without bold and
use Roman numerals to number the pages.
All chapter topics should be written in upper case without bold.
Subtopics written in each chapter should be numbered using Arabic numerals and
indented one tab. 3. Introduction (Minimum one page)The introduction sets the context for the report, the background and overview of
the report content on the innovative technique used. It summarizes briefly the outline of the
entire report and focus on the statement of its objective. It will describe how the report was
organized. 4. Literature review(minimum two pages)
Discuss briefly about the current construction industry research relevant to the work done in
the past from current journals, magazines ,internet source that reflect the leading edge of
current development. 5. Main body of report (Case Study) (minimum fifteen pages)
Describe the strategy being employed in the innovation in construction aspects and
the relations of them in present construction industry.
Focus on the facts and identify the problems for implementing innovation in
Main body and report
Present the breakdown summary of the data gathered for the Present findings in an
Elaborate the concept of innovation in construction by presenting sub topics relevant
to the main topic. 6. Conclusion ( maximum one page)
Every report should include a concluding statement regarding the subject matter. State
how the principles and methods that can be used for adding value to the process of
Innovation in construction. Then the wide range of technology used in construction
industry. Also the Knowledge transfer methods in construction industry. Increasing value
based on innovation not only for the construction industry but also for society as a whole. 7. References( one page)
Report should include the source from website journals and reference books in Harvard CU
style of referencingPlagiarism Policy0%
Management systems in construction. engineering homework help
Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants Research Paper
Table of Contents Background Amnesty to Illegal Immigrants rewards those who Break the Law Amnesty does not Reduce Illegal Immigration Burden to the Economy Amnesty threatens national security Conclusion Works Cited Background In 1986, US lawmakers passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), this move gave official pardon to all illegal immigrants who had successfully eluded justice for many years or were illegally working in the nation. Consequently, 2.83 million illegal immigrants were accorded amnesty and made US citizens. Records show that the pardoned persons have produced at least 142,000 dependents to date. Besides, other legislation such as the NACARA, the Haitian Act, and INA (Section 249) has additionally pardoned more than 500,000 illegal immigrants over the years. Amnesty continues to add millions of individuals into the mainstream population, indeed, a research conducted by the Immigration and Naturalization Service made astounding findings: the average person that is offered amnesty had only reached seventh grade and had an annual salary of less than $9,000. When a person is pardoned, he becomes the burden of the state and public finances are used to upkeep such individuals. Amnesty to illegal immigrants has a direct and negative impact on the economy, a study by the Center for Immigration Studies showed that the IRCA pardon costs the economy more than $7.8 billion annually. Amnesty to illegal immigrants strains the economy, the education system, social amenities and rewards those who break the law (Simcox, para. 3). Therefore, this practice must be stopped by current and future governments if any positive gains are to be made on the economy. Amnesty to Illegal Immigrants rewards those who Break the Law Granting amnesty to illegal immigrants rewards illegal conduct to those who crossed borders without the necessary papers or those who have expired visa. It sends the message that one can break the law now, and receive forgiveness later, from the government. In addition, it makes fun of the official immigration system, in which persons who obey the law wait for years to be given official immigration papers. This amnesty encourages more persons to partake in illegal activity with the hope that they too will receive pardon and become citizens. Therefore, in principle, amnesty to illegal immigrants increases the number of persons living in the country illegally (Ivereigh, para. 3). Amnesty does not Reduce Illegal Immigration A close look at immigration figures in Europe over the last three decades shows that granting amnesty to illegal immigrants does not reduce illegal immigration. The tables below show illegal immigration numbers in Italy and Spain the last three decades: Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Italy YEAR 1987/88 1990 1996 1998 2002 NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS 119,000 235,000 259,000 308,000 700,000 Spain YEAR 1985/86 1991 1996 2000 2001 2005 NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS 44,000 135,000 21,000 127,000 314,000 700,000 Source: Migration Watch UK Italy and Spain have granted amnesty to illegal immigrants six times over the last 20 years, despite these efforts, the tables show that immigration numbers have increased by large margins. In fact, such amnesty programs have encouraged further illegal immigration (Migration Watch UK, para. 4). Today, there are between 8.7 and 11 million illegal immigrants in the US, proponents of amnesty to illegal immigrants asset that this is the same number as was ten years ago, and conclude that illegal immigration is not a big public problem as posited by critics. However, they forget that without the amnesty, there would be nearly 13 million illegal immigrants living in the nation. Burden to the Economy A person who is granted official pardon is, by the same gesture, accorded full access to state resources. These consist of education, health, shelter, and welfare matters. Once the amnesty is granted, the individual can bring forth offspring, who are partly covered by the pardon. The costs of access to public resources and welfare benefits are funded by taxpayers, a cost that can be very significant. Amnesty threatens national security When a person applies to become a citizen of our country, the consular officials screen such a person to ensure that he does not a background or history that could be a threat to national and homeland security. Millions of illegal persons have escaped this screening, and an amnesty program makes them legal citizens without the guarantee that they are not a risk to the national security. Conclusion Amnesty to illegal immigrants has far-ranging effects on the economy of our country. Besides depending on public funds for their upkeep, illegal immigrants can be a source of insecurity in our country. Since most illegal immigrants have basic or elementary education, they do not contribute much to the economy immediately after acquiring legal status, hence they drain the nation’s resources. The 1986 IRCA amnesty led to an atmosphere in which our country has had to submit to other nation’s demands, for example, Mexico’s president pushed the government to declare the status of close to five million illegal immigrants as legal residents. Other individuals have joined the queue and the political pressure to repeat the 1986 IRCA amnesty has heightened on the government. We will write a custom Research Paper on Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Individuals who want to be citizens of our country must follow the legal procedures, and those who jump the procedures must be dealt with according to the legal provisions. Works Cited Ivereigh, Austen. Amnesty for illegal immigrants. The Guardian, May 2009. Web. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/libertycentral/2009/may/03/amnesty-illegal-immigrants Migration Watch UK. An amnesty for illegal immigrants? 2009. Web. Simcox, David. Measuring the Fallout: The Cost of the IRCA Amnesty after 10 Years. 1997. Web. https://cis.org/Report/Cost-IRCA-Amnesty-After-10-Years
B 325 AOU Managing Across Organizational & Cultural Boundaries Essay
essay writer B 325 AOU Managing Across Organizational & Cultural Boundaries Essay.
Building a Multicultural Team—Is it Worth it? Kalia works in a large business, managing a diverse team of eight individuals. Two of her employees are in their early 20s, two in their 30s, three in their late 40s, and one in her late 50s. Four members of her team are Caucasian and the other four are Hispanic, African American, Asian, and African. Her younger employees are fairly new, having been there for less than two years. Most of her team members have worked with the organization for 5 to 10 years, and her most senior staff has been there for 25 years, 10 years longer than Kalia has been in her leadership position. Generally, team members are cordial to one another on the surface, but Kalia knows that there are tensions among some of the staff that have an impact on the success and productiveness of the team. She is aware that one of the younger employees, Robert, is frequently frustrated that his Hispanic co-worker, Ana, defers authority and decision making to others in the team. In conversations with him, she discovers that the younger employee feels Ana should express her opinions more often. Robert’s frustration results from his beliefs that everyone on the team should be able to contribute in a shared, democratic process. He feels that when Ana defers her decision making to others, she is not being accountable as a team member. Margaret, a senior member of the team has picked up on Robert’s comments and feels that he is disrespectful of Ana’s working style. She has mentioned to him that it could be a “cultural thing” and that he should learn to adapt his behavior and working style to better meet her needs. In response, Robert mutters, “Whatever. You don’t know anything about us.” Responses like this have led Margaret to believe that he is disrespectful of her knowledge and tenure in the organization. Frankly, Kalia is tired of managing people’s personalities. She feels that people should just learn to adapt to each other’s working styles. Even though she believes this, she also believes that a good leader has to unite the team, no matter their differences and working styles. This year, she has made it a goal of hers, and of the team, to resolve these intercultural issues. But given her previous attempts, she does not have high hopes for a successful outcome. The last time she tried to resolve intercultural team issues, she felt like a complete failure. She is concerned about the employees’ responses to this next attempt. In fact, every time she thinks about that meeting, she flinches. She just did not have the skill sets to facilitate the conversation in their last meeting. She wonders if this next try will progress her team in any way or whether it will just be another failure. Question 1 (50 Marks) – 750 words Culture can be divided into different levels. Discuss the three levels of culture. Reflect on the case and explain how each level of culture is materialized. Critically discuss what Kalia needs to have or do so the levels of culture are clearer. Support your answer with evidence from the case. Question 2 (50 Marks) – 750 words As it is reflected in the case, multicultural teams face many challenges. Critically discuss different strategies that Kalia can implement to face such challenges. Support your discussion with theoretical background and reflection on the case by proposing which strategy seems to be the most apposite to be used by Kalia to dilute challenges faced. Explain your choice.
B 325 AOU Managing Across Organizational & Cultural Boundaries Essay
Addressing Misconceptions of Alzheimer’s Disease
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Introduction In my research paper I will be addressing the topic of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia related disorders. I chose this topic because it is dearest to me due to my father being diagnosed with this deliberating cognitive disorder at the age of 64, and it was in my intention to learn more about the topic and go further into research about this disorder. Have you thought to yourself that at one point in our lives that we humans will be diagnosed with a disease or disorder that can change the rest of our lives for the worst? Well for my family Alzheimer’s was one of those diseases that steals loved ones away from you. Is Alzheimer’s disease curable or are people who are diagnosed with the degeneration of the brain slowly wearing away with the disease? This is one of the questions that will be answered throughout my research essay. The main concern of the topic is there a cure to this disease and if not is there a treatment that can slowly progress the symptoms of the disease. The cause of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia are currently unknown. However, extensive studies using new technology had led to new ways of accurately diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease, an understanding way of the mechanism involved regarding the development of Alzheimer’s disease and memory diseases, and the amount of damage it causes in the human brain. The main focus of this research paper is to address the misconception of the disease and addressing evidence to the contrary which goes into further detail about the deliberating disease which is affecting millions of adults all over the world of which one is my father. This paper looks at the various studies conducted by researchers in an attempt to show the factors attributed to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. In this paper, I will address research provided by various researchers, health care professionals; psychologists on the environmental, genetic risk factors and lifestyle are attributed to the development of Alzheimer’s disease and diseases related to cognitive dysfunction of memory. Reflection In the introduction, I mentioned a brief description, but to go into further detail, what does it mean for a person to have a cognitive disease. According to the national institute of aging, “Alzheimer’s disease is deliberating and irreversible condition that affects the brain, Alzheimer’s disease is a condition in which it slowly over time progresses and destroys a person’s memory and affects the thinking process, and eventually it can also affect a person’s overall lifestyle and cause the person to undergo cognitive changes which can affect the simplest life tasks such as eating, cooking, bathing and forgetting loved ones”. According to the national institute of aging, “Alzheimer’s disease starts to show symptoms as soon as a person in their late 50’s, also its estimated that almost 5.5 million Americans living in the United States ages 65 are living with some sort of cognitive disorder such as dementia which later progresses to Alzheimer’s disease. It is said to currently be the 6th leading cause of death in the United States in older adults. As humans age, we tend to naturally form some sort of cognitive decline, as our brain cells age, they input and output less information and our memory tends to slowly decline, but when is line drawn from the natural aging process to being diagnosed with a cognitive declining brain disorder? Individuals whom are diagnosed with Dementia or Alzheimer’s disease start to show problems in memory early on in the prognosis of the disease. Some examples according to the Alzheimer’s association are “memory loss that interrupts an individual’s daily life such as forgetting to turn off the stove, forgetting where he/she placed the house keys, letting the shower run, forgetting to flush after using the restroom, etc. According to the Alzheimer’s association, “another symptom that distinguishes natural aging from Alzheimer’s cognitive decline is having problems or it becomes a challenge to plan or solve problems that occur is our daily lives for example paying the bills on time, withdrawing money from the bank and forgetting your pin number, forgetting how much the individual has in his/her bank account and all the assets. This is one of the symptoms of cognitive disorder compared to an individual who is aging gracefully and does not suffer from such mishaps. Another symptom of Alzheimer’s disease is forgetting how to operate certain familiar tasks for example driving, the use of the microwave, oven, riding a bike, the use of a computer. This may be difficult for an individual diagnosed with Alzheimer’s compared to a person aging normally without any major cognitive decline. According to the Alzheimer’s association, the next symptom to me is one of the most important symptoms that distinguishes an aging individual from one that is suffering from Alzheimer’s and that is that the person is confused with time and place. “The individual suffering from Alzheimer’s disease may not be able to tell when it’s dark outside or when the sun is up, may be confused on seasons in the year, time of the year, months and dates and where they are”. One of the struggles my father had was with telling time and the distinguishing the changing of the months on the calendar. He had trouble distinguishing what month and what year we were living in and thought it was the 1990’s still. This was one of the most heartbreaking times when a parent or loved one forgets certain dates such as wedding anniversaries, birthdays of their children, special holidays and more. Neuropsychology and effects of the disorders What caught my attention when my father first got diagnosed with the disorder is what if he is being misdiagnosed? how do doctors are really sure that the patient is correctly diagnosed with Alzheimer’s? Well according to Mayo Clinic, “In order to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease or any sort of disease that deals with cognitive impairment, the doctor most likely a neurologist evaluate a person’s signs and symptoms of the disorder. Doctors further address several cognitive tests that help a patient correctly get diagnosed and seek treatment. The tests that doctors use to rule out Alzheimer’s disease are as followed, “Mental status testing in which the doctors use a score system to keep in track of the patient’s cognitive skills such as remembering names, dates, events. The second most common test to rule out Alzheimer’s disease according to mayo clinic is neuropsychological testing which a neuropsychologist tests certain everyday life skills such as if the patient is able to function and maintain everyday tasks such as operating a vehicle, managing finances, and during the clinical evaluation the doctor may interview family members and get details about the lifestyle of the patient. Doctors further evaluate for additional testing, one which is laboratory tests that may be causing dementia and cognitive decline, according to mayo clinic, “certain thyroid disorders and vitamin b12 deficiency may cause symptoms of Alzheimer’s” therefore this is why doctors conduct laboratory tests to rule out any deficiency in blood exams. Moving forward, there are advance testing’s that look into the brain to determine Alzheimer’s disease in which the scans show the size, neurons of the brain, any mass that may be causing cognitive decline. According to mayo clinic, the most common brain imaging scans used to determine Alzheimer’s disease are magnetic resonance imaging or MRI which use radio waves and magnets which create a detailed view of the brain which helps doctors and researchers take deeper look into the brain. The second imagine is a computerized tomography or a CT scan which a CT x ray machine takes cross sectional images of the brain which can help doctors rule out the disease. There is a more intensive imaging which gives the most detailed imaging of the brain, Positron emission tomography or PET scan which the patient is injected with a radioactive substance in the vein then the patient’s metabolic changes can help doctors determine degenerating brain disease which may help doctors and researchers rule out Alzheimer’s disease. When it comes to treating Alzheimer’s patient using medication, there are a handful of medications which can help improve memory. In this section of the essay, I will go over pharmaceutical drugs and natural remedy in which interests my research part of the disease. According to the Alzheimer’s association, current medication used for cognitive decline which is approved by the food and drug admistration, FDA approved two medications which treat cognitive symptoms are “cholinesterase inhibitors under the brand name Aricept, Exelon and Razadyne and memantine which sells under the brand name Namenda which help to treat cognitive symptoms which come with the disease such as memory loss, confusion and thinking associated with the disease”. Further researching the article on Alzheimer’s disease from the Alzheimer’s association, as the disease progresses, this causes the brain cells to diminish and loosing connections in the neurons which causes a person’s cognitive symptom to worsen over time. There isn’t a cure to the disease, but medication has proven to slow the progression of the disease. According to the Alzheimer’s association, “cholinesterase inhibitors help to prevent the breakdown of acetylcholine, which is a chemical location in the brain which is important for learning and memory. There are few side effects associated with the medication, some are as followed, “nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and increased bowel movement”, according to Alzheimer’s association. The medication discussed above are for early Alzheimer’s disease to mild progression. The next series of medication used which are used for moderate to severe stages of the disease is memantine with a combination of donepezil combination which according to the FDA is “the only treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s.” When it comes to holistic approaches to treating the disease, there are some proven remedies which help the progression of the disease. Upon researching an article called “Alternative treatments for Alzheimer’s Disease” by Healthline.com, I came across some potential holistic treatments that can help slow down the degeneration of the disease and help the person live a more comfortable life. Although these holistic treatments are not proven to help prevent or treat the disease hence since there isn’t a cure to the disease, these natural remedies may help slow down the progression of the disease or prevent the disease. According to the website, the first holistic approach is the use of coconut oil, coconut oil contains a fatty acid called caprylic acid which the body breaks down the acid into a protein called a ketone, which according to the article, “research has been proven patients who had used coconut oil has better memory performance and had less cognitive decline”. Another holistic approach alternate to medicine is the use of omega- 3 fatty acids, according to the website healthline.com, “researchers had conducted their study and found out the patient diagnosed with the disease or have been experiencing cognitive decline suffered from reduced cognitive impairment”. There are certain foods which contain omega-3 such as fish, nuts, and taking supplements with omega-3. Further down the article, I came across a mineral called coenzyme Q10 supplements that can prevent or stop the degeneration of the brain cells. According to Healthline, “Coenzyme Q10 is not being studied as a possible treatment for Alzheimer’s disease”. As the disease progresses, patients have a difficult time with sleeping and determining a time schedule. According to the article Healthline, bright light therapy can help patients who have been suffering from cognitive decline or if the degeneration if affecting a person’s circadian rhythm can benefit from bright light therapy. According to the article, “Studies have found out that light therapy helps to restore a well balance to a person’s sleep and wake cycle also known as a person’s circadian rhythm”. With bright light therapy, it’s very simple, at night time, you cover the shades or get specialized darker shades in the bedroom, and when it’s time to take up, you open the shades to reveal the brightness of the sun which indicates the brain that it’s the morning time. A person with cognitive decline may help to determine when its dark outside, it’s time to sleep and when its daytime, it’s time to get up. This may help people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease determine when to get up and when to sleep which may help with their sleep pattern and help then get a good night of sleep. The last holistic approach to helping prevent to naturally treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease or to improve cognitive memory is the use of a supplement called gingko biloba. According to the website Healthline, studies have shown that the use of the supplement “gingko biloba may help people suffering from the cognitive degeneration may benefit from the supplement”. This personally to me is a new innovation for the future of people who are experiencing cognitive decline early on. This makes me delightful that there are certain approaches one can take in order to prevent the disease, which can in hopes help patients and families of people being diagnosed with cognitive decline. Conclusion In conclusion, in my paper I have discussed the disease in a research perspective and have gone into detail about the disease and the symptoms of people living with this brain robbing disease. As mentioned in the introduction, after conducting several research articles about the disease, it helped me better understand the stages of the disease which I can apply in my personal life which this disease has affected the most precious person in my life, my father. Like mentioned in this paper, currently there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease and no treatment will help stop or reverse its progression. As the population of the world continues to age, the number of people suffering from this disease will rise worldwide. Alzheimer’s disease is a difficult illness to live with; it affects the individual suffering from it and the surrounding family. I hope that in the future, there will be a cure to this devastating disease, which may bring comfort to the people suffering from the illness as well as their families. As a Christian, conducting research on the topic has helped me put my mind in ease, and believe that God will help the people suffering from the condition. He will also educate their family on the disease gain knowledge on the disease and assist them throughout their loved one’s progression. My own personal dream goals are to be geriatric advocate to help older individuals overcome depression and help patients with diseases and symptoms of aging. I feel from a Christian perceptive, being psychology major will help me grow in my career and have the Christian background that comes with religion. It will be beneficial in my career, which I can apply to the real world. Work Cited Alzheimer’s disease. (n.d). Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/alzheimers-disease/doctors-departments/ddc-20350457. National Institute on aging. May 22nd, 2019. Alzheimer’s disease and related dementia. Retrieved from; https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/alzheimers-disease-fact-sheet. Alzheimer’s Association. (n.d).10 early signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Retrieved from; https://www.alz.org. Healthline. Alternate treatments for Alzheimer’s disease. February 7th, 2017. Retrieved from; https://www.healthline.com/health/alzheimers-disease/alternative-treatments. Alzheimer’s association. (n.d). Medication for memory. Retrieved from https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/treatments/medications-for-memory. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp
Theories of crime—–Blog post
Theories of crime—–Blog post. I don’t understand this Law question and need help to study.
use biosocial theory to support your position on the use of the death penalty as punishment for juvenile offenders. Your response should discuss a theory and explain whether it supports this punishment for juveniles.
Your post should not exceed 2 short paragraphYou must include an image in your post as a visual for the reader.
SOME FEEDBACK FOR THIS WEEKS BLOG POST:
BioSocial and Life Course Offending
This week we look at biosocial risk factors and revisit some of our favorite variables, such as genetics, IQ and ADHD. We also talk about protective factors – those are the things that protects us from delinquency, like intelligence and empathy. Some of the research in this area leads us to think about identifying a genetic marker from crime – what if that existed? Seems to me that biosocial theoriests have some serious consequences to consider.
Moffitt’s developmental theory details how the life-course persistent offender differs from the adolescent-limited offender by focusing on the influence of impulsivity. More recently, researchers are exploring the effects of neurocognition
Theories of crime—–Blog post