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Management: Lean Operations and Production Report (Assessment)

Table of Contents Introduction Importance Objectives Principles Summary Works Cited Introduction Entrepreneurs have always sought the means of maximizing the output and reducing the number of costs to zero. In the 21st century, in the realm of globalization and technological breakthrough, the philosophy of lean production works was the key tool for achieving the above-mentioned goal. Lean operations, traditionally identified as the philosophy aimed at minimizing the number of production costs, provides such an opportunity and, as a result, is a common practice nowadays (Dolgui and Proth 218). Designed and suggested by Toyota, the principle of lean operations is obviously a product of its time. Its very existence is predetermined by the technological breakthrough of the era and the existence of the informational society. Without the principle of lean operations, modern companies would not be able to exist in the environment of the global economy. Importance The significance of lean operations for present-day entrepreneurship cannot be overrated. If it has not been for the introduction of the aforementioned principles, the idea of a narrow job specification and, therefore, the premises for a consistent increase in the quality of the end product, would not have emerged. Moreover, lean production has also made it possible to improve the strategies adopted for accounting. It is essential that lean operations help make efficient use of every single resource available; thus, the output-input ratio of a company may rise considerably with the adoption of the principle in question. Lean operations, therefore, can be deemed as rather important in the global market. They are connected very closely to the JIT (Just in Time) principle, which allows for a connection between organizational management and business practice, therefore, making the company’s performance more efficient (Medina-López, Alfalla-Luque and Arenas-Márquez 39). Objectives Among the key objectives, which a company integrating the principle of lean operations into its production process, may have, the goal of reducing the number of costs for the production process, logistics (including transportation), promotion campaign and the delivery of the end product should be mentioned first. However, apart from a drop in financial losses, rapid growth in the quality and the amount of goods produced is also included into the key objectives of accompanying with lean operations as its basic strategy (Dolgui and Proth 119). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Principles Traditionally, five principles of lean operations – or five lean principles, as they are generally referred to – are listed when addressing the concept. These principles include the concept of value from the customer’s perspective, the identification of the steps to be taken in order to accomplish the goals set previously, the facilitation of the process flow, a complete compliance with the existing demand, and the avoidance of any type of costs or wastes (Salman et al. para. 2.2). Therefore, lean operations set a sustainable environment within a company, both from an environmental (waste reduction) and an economic (change in perspective) aspect. Summary Unless Toyota had not introduced the concept of lean operations into the modern organization management theory, attaining high level of performance would be barely possible nowadays. Lean operations allow for a complete reinvention of the company’s accounting model and the following reduction of costs, as it helps reduce waste almost to zero. Lean operations incorporate customer-focused strategies and the key postulates of sustainability. The concept of lean operations is especially important for running a business in the environment of global competition. Works Cited Dolgui, Alexandre and Jean-Marie Proth. Supply Chain Engineering: Useful Methods and Techniques. New York, NY: Springer Science

Hybrid Course Proposal of Clinical Laboratory Science Research Paper

Hybrid Course Proposal of Clinical Laboratory Science Research Paper. Course Title and Description The course that is proposed to be included in the new learning program is Clinical Laboratory Science 104. The new program will be suitable for this course as it does not involve a lot of practical works. The course will be taught at junior level. The level comprises the fresh men, who mainly include the first and second year students. The fresh men do not have a lot of face-to-face contact with their lecturers and instructors. The curricular area under which the selected course falls is health and wellbeing. In health and wellbeing, students are taught and trained on how take care of their health and that of other people. The courses that fall under this curricular area require many hours of learning and if the traditional face-to-face is applied, a number of topics remain uncovered. Institution Information The institution selected for this project is Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (ACPHS). ACPHS is a privately owned postsecondary learning institution known mostly for pharmacy and laboratory sciences. The college was started in 1881 and has been in operation for more than 30 years now. It is situated in New York City and has a population of about 1,100 students. More than a half of the total students reside outside and it is difficult for them to commute to the college every day. There are more female than male students in the college. The courses offered at ACPHS last for 4 years. The groups of students targeted with the proposed project are the first and second year students of Clinical Laboratory Science (Grove, 2013). Course Type and Rationale This proposed mode of delivery for the selected course is the hybrid type. In case of Clinical Laboratory Science, the hybrid mode of teaching has more benefits than the online system. In the hybrid mode, the students are likely to have greater opportunities to interact and discuss contentious issues with lecturers and fellow students as they will be meeting in classrooms and online. Secondly, the students will have a chance to choose between face-to-face and online modes of teaching for discussing their coursework. However, they will not have 24/7 access to internet course materials as would be the case if the course was exclusively taught online. The students in the hybrid mode will spend some of their time in class with their instructors and fellow students (Wang, Fong,Hybrid Course Proposal of Clinical Laboratory Science Research Paper


essay helper free Victimization. Paper details 5-8 sentences per paragraph 1. What types of crime victims are most likely to incur physical injury in a victimization? 2.Discuss the difference between repeat victimization and polyvictimization. Provide examples 3. What are some of the reasons that women are reported to state greater levels of fear of crime?Victimization

A1 Business TC Cairo Trilogy Books by Naguib Mahfouz Analysis Questionnaire

A1 Business TC Cairo Trilogy Books by Naguib Mahfouz Analysis Questionnaire.

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Produce, in your own words, a concise synopsis of the novel’s main characters and the plot line. What “grade” would you give to this novel, and why? How did it live up to the expectations you had when you chose it? In what ways was it different from what you had expected? How well would this same basic plot and characters work if set in Los Angeles instead of the city it is in? What did you learn about that city that you hadn’t known prior to reading your novel? What else did you learn?Length: About two pages, 1.5 spacing
A1 Business TC Cairo Trilogy Books by Naguib Mahfouz Analysis Questionnaire

London during the Roman Age: A Critical Overview Essay

Every city in the world has its foundation stones, often enfolded in legend, conjecture, traditional beliefs and odd truths (Hollis 21). In an attempt to scrutinize these stones for evidence, this essay aims to outline how London looked like during the Roman age, particularly in terms of possible layout, mode of business, size, religious orientation and other variants. Historians are of the opinion that London emerged out of a river crossing, when merchants following the Roman soldiers fighting under Emperor Claudius settled on the Thames northern bank in AD 43 (Hollis 21). It is imperative to note that the Roman age covers the period AD 1-200. In attempting to digest how the city of London looked like during the Roman age, extant literature demonstrate that the “…trail trenches dug in 1985 revealed distinct evidence of timber-built workshops and houses built in the period AD 60-100” (Williams 3). Other accounts demonstrate that London was built as a planned Roman town, with major public buildings, including a substantially large basilica, temples, bath houses, and a large military fortress. Indeed, it has been claimed that the Romans transformed the city from an open commercial meeting place into an administrative centre and a military stronghold (Nicholas 58). However, this description serves to demonstrate the layout of London during the Roman age. As reported by Roman historian Cassius Dio, the section where the merchants settled during the AD 43 war had a bridge even before it had a name (Hollis 21). It was this settlement that later came to be called the town of Londinium, but the bridge that had been constructed prior to the town’s existence, specifically in AD 55, had been build using long poles (piles) made of wood. These piles were hammered into the soft ground until they reached the hard surface underneath to achieve stability, after which more wood was used to strengthen and reinforce the bridge (Morris 45). Historical and archeological accounts of discovered coins demonstrate that the Roman-era merchants conducted business using currency as is normally done in present-day London. However, other accounts demonstrate that barter trade was used during this era for trade and commerce (Morris 64; Hollis 22). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The popular view among historians is that the currency trade subsisted hand-in-hand with barter trade, where people of high social standing and soldiers normally traded in currency while people in the lower echelons of society exchanged goods. The Londinium was home to one of the largest basilicas ever to be built by the Romans (Morris 27). The presence of the basilica, along with other buildings of worship such as temples and bath houses, serve as vivid pointers to the presence of religiosity among the inhabitants of the city of London during the Roman age (Hollis 22). Archeologists have discovered tessellated pavements and roman tombs suggestive of the fact that concrete was used to pave the streets of London during the Roman age. The great London wall built by the Romans in the 2nd century is also suggestive that knowledge on the use of concrete to built critical infrastructure was present (Morris 65). Lastly, in size, historical accounts demonstrate that London occupied a smaller but heavily fortified area, roughly equivalent to the size of present day Hyde Park, and with a population of an estimated 60,000 inhabitants in the 2nd century (Morris 42). Works Cited Hollis, Leo. “Spanning Centuries.” History Today 59.7 (2009): 21-23. Print. Morris, John. Londinium-London in the Roman Empire. London: Phoenix Giant, 2005. Print. Nicholas, Dean. “Streetmuseum Londinium.” History Today 61.10 (2011): 58. Print. We will write a custom Essay on London during the Roman Age: A Critical Overview specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Williams, Stephen. “New Light on Dark Age London.” History Today 36.2 (1986): 3. Print.