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Management Fayol Activity

Management Fayol Activity. This assignment is all about the management thinker Henri Fayol. Fayol was one of the most influential contributors to modern concepts of management. Fayol has been described as the father of modern operational management theory. Henri Fayol (1841-1925) Fayol graduated from the mining academy of St. Etienne. Fayol suggested that it is important to have unity of command: a concept that suggests there should be only one supervisor for each person in an organization. Like Socrates, Fayol suggested that management is a universal human activity that applies equally well to the family as it does to the corporation. The primary functions of management are (1) planning, (2) organizing, (3) commanding, (4) coordinating, and (5) controlling. Fayol’s career began as a mining engineer. He then moved into research geology and in 1888 joined, Comambault as Director. Comambault was in difficulty but Fayol turned the operation round. On retirement he published his work – a comprehensive theory of administration – described and classified administrative management roles and processes then became recognized and referenced by others in the growing discourse about management. He is frequently seen as a key, early contributor to a classical or administrative management school of thought. His theorising about administration was built on personal observation and experience of what worked well in terms of organization. His aspiration for an “administrative science” sought a consistent set of principles that all organizations must apply in order to run properly. F. W. Taylor published “The Principles of Scientific Management” in the USA in 1911, and Fayol in 1916 examined the nature of management and administration on the basis of his French mining organization experiences. His motivation was to create a theoretical foundation for an educational program for managers who lacked formal training in those days. Basing his work on his experience as a successful managing director of a mining company, he developed generic ‘Principles of Management’ to help organisations achieve optimum performance working toward their goals Fayol’s five functions are still relevant to discussion today about management roles and action. to forecast and plan – prevoyance examine the future and draw up plans of action to organise build up the structure, material and human of the undertaking to command maintain activity among the personnel to co-ordinate bind together, unify and harmonise activity and effort to control see that everything occurs in conformity with policy and practice Principles of Henri Fayol Fayol introduced 14 principles of management. Fayol thought that his principles would be useful to all types of managers. He truly advocated the notion that if a manager wants to be successful, he only needs a certain set of management principles. specialisation/division of labour Achieving the maximum efficiency from labour through specialisation across all aspects of organisation (commercial, financial, security, accounting, managerial) rather than just technical activities. Fayol did not provide the level of detail that Taylor’s competing Scientific Management School prescribed. Scientific Management broke individual operational tasks into its basic elements. Fayol claimed that division of labour is limited as an instrument to achieve optimum performance. Establishment of authority having the legitimate standing to give orders. Authority arises from two sources: official and personal. Experience, intelligence, integrity and leadership ability are indispensable complements of a manager’s official authority. Managers need to act knowing that authority and responsibility are positively correlated. Enforcement of discipline upholding discipline is a core activity when running an organisation, although its form varies across organisations. Management can sanction employees with warnings, penalties, demotions or even dismissals. Unity of command an employee should receive orders from one supervisor only. Dual command generates tension, confusion and conflict, and results diluted responsibility and blurred communication. Unity of direction a common objective for a group of activities is an essential condition to obtaining unity of action, coordination of strength and the focusing of effort. Subordination of individual interest to the interests of the organisation reconciling general interest with that of the group or the individual is one of the greatest problems managers face and applies to the relationship between staff and supervisor as well. Too often, managers pursue personal interest rather than the common good. Fair remuneration for all Fayol determined compensation for services by considering both financial and non-financial factors and held that employee satisfaction is dependent on the composition of this mix. Centralisation of control and authority Fayol choose the ‘living organism’ as metaphor for an organisation when considering centralisation versus decentralisation. The level of centralisation is a matter of proportion as is the division of labour. Adoption of a ‘scalar chain’ the chain of supervision that connects the managing director to the lowest ranks. Fayol combined hierarchy that makes employees aware of their place and duties, with an organization’s lines of communication. When swift action is required, Fayol’s grasp of the limitations of the formal organisation made him propose a system of delegated authority that facilitates horizontal communication. A sense of order and purpose a place for everything and everything in its place. Facilities must be tidy, materials orderly stored and staff selected according to strict procedures and clear job descriptions. Fayol advocated the creation of detailed organisational charts to support this Principle. Equity and fairness in dealings between staff and managers equity is the combination of justice and kindness. Managers must constantly apply the correct balance between equity and discipline. Stability of jobs and positions Fayol viewed personnel planning, management development and turnover as one activity. Both staff and management require suitable induction periods to familiarise themselves with new work habits and situations. Development of individual initiative Initiative is the power to conceive a plan and ensure its success. Although Fayol regarded management as the first responsible level, he made clear that the Principle extended to all employees through delegated authority. Esprit de Corps building and maintaining staff and management morale and unity. Fayol considered the management style of ‘divide and rule’ counter productive. Importance of Managerial Principles A principle refers to a statement which reflects the fundamental truth about some phenomenon. It is a basic statement that provides understanding and guidelines to thinking and action. These principles explain relationship between two or more sets of variables under a given situation. It establishes cause and effect relationship and serves as a guide to thought and action. The management principles are derives on the bases of observation and analysis of events which managers have to face in actual practice. For instance, it was observed that efficiency can be increased by dividing work into certain well defined jobs. This led to the formulation of the principle of division of labour. A part from direct observation , another method of deriving principles is conducting experimental studies. Without principles one is in darkness and chaos; interest, experience and proportion are still very handicapped, even with the best principles. The principle is the lighthouse fixing the bearings but it can only serve those who already know the way into port. Without theory no teaching is possible. The ideal manager would be one who, possessed of all requisite knowledge for settling managerial, technical, commercial, financial and other questions before him, also enjoyed sufficient physical and mental vigor and capacity for work to be able to meet all the weight of business contacts, command and control incumbent upon management. There is no man alive whose knowledge embraces every question thrown up in the running of as large concern, and certainly none possessed of the strength and disposing of the time required by the manifold obligations of large-scale management. Hence the need to fall back on the staff. The management practices and techniques are based on well defines principles. Proper understanding of these principles makes the managers more realistic in their profession. The importance of management principles are stated below: Helps in setting objectives Management principles help an organization in setting their objectives. Thus, in turn contribution to goal setting process. When goals and objectives are appropriately set, it would contribute towards efficiency in achievement if results. Optimum utilization of resources Optimum utilization of resources is possible through proper monitoring of the performance of employees. The principles of management clearly spell the best way of doin the work and attaining effectives in action. It points out how money, time, money, materials and human efforts can be used economically to improve productivity. This fact is clearly seen in the principles of division of work, delegation of authority, fair remuneration etc. Scientific decisions By following the principle of decentralization of authority, managers can take decisions scientifically as the situation demands. Taking appropriate decisions at the right time is essential for the smooth running of organization. Change in technology Managers must face the challenges of the competitive world. They keeps a close watch on changing technology being adopted in various fields. By following the principle of division of labor, managers are able to identify where and for what activity the technology are changed. Effective administration By following certain principles like unity of command, unity of direction etc managers can manage their respective areas effectively. This removes confusion in the minds of the employees. Social obligation A business enterprise is an integral part of the society. It derives its inputs from the society and supplies its output to the society. It has to supply quality products at reasonable price to the employees. The principle of fairness , equity and justice help in protecting the interests of all concerned with the existing growth and development of the organization Research and development Just as management principles evolved through scientific observations, current management practices too should be based on rational judgment. There should be continuous process of research in all the functional area of management. Marketing research helps in identifying the demand for a product and promoting it, research in finance helps in evaluating the financial feasibility of projects and so on. Management principles emphasise on such research. Nature of principles The nature of principles is as follows: Empirical in nature Management principles evolved out of systematic research undertaken by certain renounced management thinkers. The new findings lead to development of new principles. Aimed at influencing human behavior Human behaviour is unpredictable. It is often situational and at other times driven by inner feelings and thoughts. The complex human behaviour needs guidance and directions. Management principles attempt to such guidance in human action. These principles guide action in a given context and situation changes, application of such principles would require change. This principle remains same but the application is different. Team work as a principle is good for attainment of organizational goals. Relativity Management principles are relative in nature and not absolute. They have to be applied keeping in view the prevailing situation and organizational requirements. Flexibility Management principles never remain static. They are applied according to change in situation after considering the condition prevailing there and circumstances which necessitated the application. Span of control may vary for similar organizations when qualities in the superiors and subordinates vary. The principles of management can be applied with variation under different condition in different ways . Universal application Management principles have universal application I all types of organization in all types of organization and in all places. Thus principle of management fin application in the police force, religious organization, business organization, or sport club. They find application with a multinational corporation as well as small sole trading firm. It is true that such principles are applied with flexibility. Thus decentralization has its own relevance everywhere. Conclusion Management principles are the life blood of each and every organization with which the organizational objective can be achieved. Henri fayol is one of the important management thinkers whose theories, importance and principles are discussed above. Bibliography Dessler G (2001) management, leading people and organization in the 21st century, prentice hall, smith KGManagement Fayol Activity
United Medical & Dental Key Management Issues at Wells Fargo Discussion.

I’m working on a computer science discussion question and need support to help me study.

Instructions: (1) Post an answer to any one of these Discussion Questions (100-word minimum). (2) Respond to another student’s answer (also 100-word minimum) ONCE THE QUESTION IS ANSWERED I WILL BE SENDING THE STUDENTS TO RESPOND TO.Additional postings are welcomed but only the first 100-word answer and the first 100-word response will be graded.Include at least one reference in your answer to the question. Your reference(s) should be APA compliant. 1, Describe the key management issues in your organization (or choose a large organization most of us are familiar with) and explain how IT can help in addressing these issues. 2. Identify a company that you consider as agile and another company that is not. Explain the rationale for your selections and compare and contrast the two companies.Avoid comparing apples with oranges — both companies should be in the same sector. 3.Explain in specific (not generic) terms how an IT enterprise architecture can help in your organization (or a large organization most of us are familiar with).Part 2::: Look at your organization (or one similar to it) and perform a SWOT analysis. For any reason you cannot use your organization, do a SWOT analysis of a large technology company such as Google, Microsoft, Oracle, Cisco and Apple. Choose one that other students have not done.Your mission: (1) Present your results in a matrix and (2) describe a set of strategies and goals based on this SWOT analysis (relevant means to be sure that the goals reflect strategic opportunities, etc.). Include at least one technology-related strategy or goal.The Weekly Hands-on Activity grading rubric is found in the syllabus.Although encouraged, replies to classmate postings in this forum do not count towards your grade,(Minimum length = 100 words)Here is fine tutorial…How to Perform a SWOT Analysis
United Medical & Dental Key Management Issues at Wells Fargo Discussion

University of the Pacific Viable ERP Solutions and Software Systems Presentation.

Search the internet and/or the University Library for various ERP software systems that are available.Determine the main selection criteria that ERP packages have in common (features, benefits, modules, and functionality).Select three packages from your research and create a table summarizing the results of your research. Be sure to compare and contrast how each package handles SCM, CRM, and ERP.Distinguish how the various aspects of customer-driven business involves and affects SCM, CRM, and ERP systems.Prepare a 15- to-20 slide, multimedia-rich presentation with audio. The presentation should include:A comparison table of your three selected software packagesDetails of each systemA table of comparisonsSCM, CRM, ERP and the relationship of customer-driven businessA summary with your conclusion
University of the Pacific Viable ERP Solutions and Software Systems Presentation

Albany University Mitral Valve Prolapse Emphysema & Bronchitis Discussion.

Section A
Option 2: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP)is a disorder of the mitral valve that may
or may not need treatment. Go to the following web page
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/mitral-valve-prolapse and read
about mitral valve prolapse. Write a description of this valve disorder
including what it is, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and what a
patient needs to know about living with this disorder. Remember to
include the link above and your textbook as references.
AND,
Section B
Option 1: Compare and contrast emphysema and chronic bronchitis. You will accomplish this by 1. explaining each disease and then  2. stating what they have in common (compare) and lastly, 3. how they are different (contrast).
Albany University Mitral Valve Prolapse Emphysema & Bronchitis Discussion

SUNY Old Westbury Of Two Minds Documentary Analytical Review

SUNY Old Westbury Of Two Minds Documentary Analytical Review.

I’m working on a psychology writing question and need support to help me study.

Watch a film and write a critique of the film. The reaction piece should include a short synopsis of the film, a brief reaction to the film itself, and a more detailed discussion of the ways in which the film represents topics discussed in class (e.g., What did the documentary represent accurately? What did the documentary get wrong? What would you have changed about the film?) minimum length 350 words please answer all questions. MUST HAVE AMAZON PRIME SUBSCRIPTION TO WATCH FILM
SUNY Old Westbury Of Two Minds Documentary Analytical Review

Transformational/Experiential Learning via International Study Tours

cheap assignment writing service Transformational/Experiential Learning via International Study Tours for Adult and Non-Traditional Learners Abstract This study builds upon previous research that aimed to establish a connection between international study tours (as a means of experiential learning) and transformational learning for adult learners. The original study was conducted by M.Ed. candidate Susan Hanny and Dr. Lori Risley. The exploratory study was conducted using both qualitative and quantitative research methods during a week-long study tour to Venice and Padua. Italy for students at the University of Central Oklahoma during the spring of 2018. Qualitative research was conducted via field observations while on location in Italy and the quantitative research was employed by giving the participants pre-trip and post-trip surveys. The current research aims to serve as ongoing evidence for the authentication that study tours for adult learners are transformational and can aide in meeting the learning needs of this demographic of student. A quantitative research design was used to gather data through a survey administered to students who had enrolled in an international study tour at the University of Central Oklahoma in the past seven years. This study is also intended to inform providers at postsecondary institutions what types of learning experiences adult learners are seeking so they can better meet the needs/wants of the underserved population of their student body. Keywords: Transformative, Transformational Learning, Experiential Learning, Adult Learner, Non-Traditional Learner Transformational/Experiential Learning through International Study Tours for Adult and Non-Traditional Learners Introduction and Background of Research This research builds upon an exploratory study that aimed to establish a connection between experiential learning via international study tours and transformational learning for adult and non-traditional learners. The current research serves as ongoing evidence in what is intended to be a longitudinal study on how international study tours connect the learning theories of experiential and transformational learning and how this leads to personal transformation for the adult learner demographic of student in postsecondary institutions. This research also examines what types of learning experiences adult and non-traditional students are seeking in order to inform postsecondary institutions how the meet the learning wants and needs of this population of student. The original study was conducted by M.Ed. candidate Susan Hanny and Dr. Lori Risley using both qualitative (field observations) and quantitative (pre-trip and post-trip surveys) research methods during a week-long study tour to Venice and Padua, Italy for students at the University of Central Oklahoma during the spring of 2018. The study tour was designed to be a course on International leadership in Adult Education and was offered through the Adult Education program. The findings from the original study support the indication that learning experiences that include a combination of these two adult learning theories are probable to lead to the transformation of self within the adult learner. However, there were limitations to the original study as the population of study tour participants that met the demographic of being at least 23 years of age at the time of the tour was small, and only 6 students were able to participate in the study. There were 82 participants that completed the current post-study tour survey and this increase in responses should address those limitations. The independent and dependent variable remained the same throughout both quantitative portions of the two studies and are as follows: Independent Variable: Age at time of enrollment in an international study tour at the University of Central Oklahoma. Dependent Variable: Personal Transformation Literature Review Adult and non-traditional learners are seeking transformative learning experiences and international study tours provide structured experiential learning opportunities that can lead to meaningful personal transformation. Global travel can serve as a catalyst for personal transformation as it challenges previously constructed assumptions of other cultures as well as help one to gain a global, rather than local, perspective of the world (Steves, 2018, p. 4). Jack Mezirow (2000), one of the founding theorists attributed with developing the adult educational theory of transformative learning, describes transformation as occurring within oneself when there is a change of contextual understandings, previously formulated assumptions, values, or beliefs, brought on by an experience or a change in circumstances (pp. 3-4). Experiential learning has been defined as the process in which knowledge is created through the transformation of experiences (Kolb, 1984). When travel is examined in the context of these two learning theories, both a theoretical and conceptual framework can be used to ascertain a connection between transformation within oneself and experiential learning via international study tours for adult and non-traditional learners. When synthesizing the connection between transformational and experiential learning as they relate to international study tours, it is imperative to examine the experiential learning theories championed by John Dewey and David Kolb, and the transformative learning theory developed by Jack Mezirow. Dewey (1938), who is credited with being the founding father of the approach later known as experiential learning, recognizes the principles of continuity and interaction as the foundation for his philosophy of experience and education. Continuity infers that all of one’s experiences are carried forward and have an impact on all future experiences, and interaction builds upon the concept of continuity and implies interaction between the learner and what they have learned and how past experience interrelates with the present circumstances to create one’s present experience (Pacho, 2015, p.8). This theory leads to the conclusion that the entirety of a person’s past and present experiences creates their current world view (Hanny and Risley, 2018). As stated previously, Mezirow (2000) concludes that transformation transpires within oneself when there is a change of contextual understandings, previously formulated assumptions, values, or beliefs, brought on by an experience or a change in circumstances (pp. 3-4). When this idea is contextualized as it relates to international study tours, it becomes quintessentially applicable to personal transformation because according to Mezirow (2000): “Transformation theory’s focus is on how we learn to negotiate and act on our own purposes, values, feelings, and meanings rather than those we have uncritically assimilated from others – they gain greater control over our lives as socially responsible, clear- thinking decision makers (p. 76).” In their study on transformative and experiential learning during study abroad programs, Researchers and Strange and Gibson (2014) distinguished that while transformative learning focuses on the change in one’s frames of reference, experiential learning provides direction as to how action-oriented experiences are likely to induce personal transformation. A study by Hanny and Risley (2018) summarized the link between the two theories (ELT and TLT): “Upon examination of the relationship between one theory and the other, a clear connection between the two educational theories becomes apparent. Experiential learning establishes that experiences lead to how one perceives and interacts with the world, and transformational learning uses those experiences to develop a new way of understanding the world.” It is crucial that postsecondary institutions conscientiously work to understand the learning wants and needs of this rapidly increasing demographic. Researchers Cruce

Race Mixture in Nakashima’s An Invisible Monster Essay

The so-called “category of race” has always been of extreme significance in the American society. All people of America prefer clear differentiation in terms of social, political, cultural, and, of course, racial identification. The article under consideration exemplifies the attempts of the American society to overcome the pressure of multi-racism through creating the scientific background for rejecting the idea of mixed-race people. The article under consideration is entitled “An Invisible Monster: the Creation and Denial of Mixed-Race People in America”. The author of the article is Cynthia Nakashima, who provides readers with information about tendencies that have existed in the American society in relation to mix-raced people. The author emphasizes the fact that America has the tendency to fit everything into its system. Hence, mix-raced people also had to be identified in traditional terms of belonging to the particular race. The evolution of the understanding and acceptance of mix-raced people demonstrates not only the way all these people have been treated. It also shows the way the American culture and mentality has been changing through the history. In my opinion, the American desire to explain the phenomenon of mixed-racism is predetermined by the fear of losing the dominance. The dominance of the White race has always been the core principle in all country starting from the times of slavery. Consequently, any other change in the social and, in this case, racial order was a threat to the whole society. When the problem of mixed-racism was raised, it was explained, mostly, with the help of adverse theories. The rejection and negative attitude are typical reactions to something previously unknown for all humans. That is why American scientists attacked the issue of mixed-racism with the help of biological and sociocultural factors. The author of the article provides the examples of such biological and sociocultural approaches. Thus, the hybrid degeneracy theory is the most vivid example of protecting American people from the threat of multi-racism. The second step in explaining the phenomenon was based on the sociocultural ground. Thus, scientists aimed at proving that mixed-race people cannot fit into any modern society (Nakashima 165). Their behavior will be unacceptable and potentially deviant. The next step was the rejection of the idea of multi-racism. All these phases of the American treatment of the multi-racism are directly connected to the development of society. Thus, hybrid degeneracy theory was formulated to prevent the spreading of interracial marriages. When it did not help, the next approaches tried to establish the connection between already existed mixed-race people and their adverse behavior and impact on society. The final stage was the denial of the existence of multi-racism. As far as the article was written in 1992, it is worthwhile mentioning that tendencies towards multi-racism changed since that time. I consider that the American society became more aware of the problem. Besides, the rapid globalization should be regarded as one of the most significant processes that has altered the perception and understanding of mixed-race people. The U.S. also made a step forward towards the identification of race. Thus, in 1997, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget introduced new criteria for race identification. Also, five possible races were recognized. One more significant change happened in 2000 when the Race and ethnicity in the United States Census made it possible for mixed-race people to identify that they belong to more than one race. Work Cited Nakashima, Cynthia. “An Invisible Monster: the Creation and Denial of Mixed-Race People in America.” Racially Mixed People in America. Ed. Maria Root. Newberry Park: Sage Publications, 1992. 163-178. Print. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More

University of Central Florida Climate Change Design Urban Planning Board Discussion

University of Central Florida Climate Change Design Urban Planning Board Discussion.

Most demographers and planners project that more and more people will continue moving to cities over the twenty-first century. While there is worry and fear that many of the “cities of the future” will be increasingly crowded and dirty, there is also a movement to design cities that, if done well, can become the linchpin of sustainability and human health.Read this article to get one glimpse at this vision: https://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/climate-change-design-urban-planning.What are the key factors, according to this article, for developing cities that will reduce carbon emissions, combat climate change, and facilitate human thriving?Do you believe this vision is possible for all cities, including the mega-cities of the developing world – such as in sub-Saharan Africa – that are anticipated to show huge amounts of population growth over the next few decades?
University of Central Florida Climate Change Design Urban Planning Board Discussion