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Management and accounting Report

Introduction Efficiency in management and accounting process and procedure has become one of the most critical aspects in the management of companies in pharmaceutical industry in the United States in because it determines their ability to articulate their objectives in tandem with the national and global demands. Employing the correct accounting methodologies is a bridge and an indicator of an organization’s sustainability consideration as analysed in this paper from Johnson and Johnson Company. Cox (2010, p. 310) indicates that implementing the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) or the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFSR) forms the best mechanism for improving performance and therefore promotes the economic growth of a nation or business entity. It is from this consideration that this paper explores the cultural and political history of financial reporting in the USA and the outcomes of converging GAAP and IFSR applications in accounting. The paper particularly employs financial accounting theory to evaluate the applications of financial reporting standards on accounting and management. Purpose An understanding of the main purpose of the report is critical in the sense that it links the findings from Johnson and Johnson’s annual reports as well as sustainability reporting in the US financial reporting environment to the expected impacts it will inculcate to a business. Since the convergence of IFRS and US GAAP into a global set of accounting standards is increasingly being felt in the pharmaceutical industry in the US, the affects in the operations of Johnson and Johnson are particularly crucial. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Hence, the report results will provide timely information that will assist stakeholders at Johnson and Johnson to adopt better financial accounting standards. Additionally, it is worth noting that the report is significant in generating necessary guidelines for managing accounting practices and financial reporting. The findings from the annual reports and sustainability reporting by Johnson and Johnson will be critical in making particularistic conclusions on its efficacy in terms of interaction between consumers and the company’s products as well as the changes in sales of products. From the findings, stakeholders and managers of the company will be in a position to clearly understand the essence of adopting better financial accounting practices for successful business operations. Scope The scope of this report is limited to Johnson and Johnson, a pharmaceutical company in the USA, and how it conducts its sustainability and financial reporting. In this respect, the report gathers various findings from its annual reports as well as events that have changed financial reporting environment in the USA. Limitations Reports on financial reporting at Johnson and Johnson as well as sustainability reporting environment has not been fully conducted, a consideration that prompts the report to use exclusive, restricted and limited materials at different stages of its development. We will write a custom Report on Management and accounting specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This becomes a major bias on the information used in the report. Besides, there is a high possibility that the report will replicate past errors that could have been incorporated in previous reports. It is imperative to highlight that lack of sufficient information can be taken to mean that the findings in this report are on the same platform as others. As such, high possibility of omitting major issues due to the changes occurring in the financial reporting environment in the US can be realized. Assumptions There are quite a number of key assumptions that have been made to ensure that the report conforms to specific standards. One such assumption is that there is significant burden that the US companies in the pharmaceutical industry face in raising capital and preparing sets of financial statements for operating in local and foreign nations in line with the GAAP. Experts point out that most of the set standards of financial operations application are supported by similar systems of effecting transactions. Findings Description of financial reporting environment in the USA Historical events Financial reporting (FR) in the US is a process that consolidates all the component entities such as financial statements by a government into a single report. Weldon (2011, p. 20) indicates that component entities in the US government bodies like the United States Postal Services, Pension Guarantee Corporation services, independence agencies such as Securities and Exchange Commission and the treasury department have been providing their financial statements and reports. Not sure if you can write a paper on Management and accounting by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Financial reporting initially began with the private sector and was later owned by the treasury department in the US. So far, financial reporting has been conducted for over thirty years. Studies indicate that the initial financial report was done by the Arthur Anderson firm in the fiscal years of 1973-1974 (Smith 2011, p. 6). The prototype financial reporting was conducted by the financial management service also referred to as the Treasury Bureau of Government Financial Operations under the leadership of William Simon. This trend of producing financial reports has grown and developed over the years with organizations using relatively simple formats and also making their publications annual. Besides, organizations have employed various private and public accounting firms such as the Price Waterhouse and Arthur Anderson to carry out their accounting practices and review their documents as well as sources of data. As noted earlier, financial reporting in the US has taken various turns that have led to its current position. One such development was experienced in the early 1990’s when the legislature sought to transform its format and content to that which was developed by the board known as the Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board (FASAB) (Smith 2011, p. 6). The latter was incepted in 1990 and was headed by the Chief Financial Officers (CFOA) to set up accounting standards necessary for the preparation of financial statements. It is imperative to highlight that CFOA was very instrumental in ensuring greater accountability and efficiency in the practice of financial reporting. Cultural influences Financial reporting has been greatly affected by issues of business culture as many organizational structures and leaderships fail to fail to choose an important and favourable accounting treatment on GAAP. This practice affects a clear reporting on economic issues of a business. Mary Jo Hatch posits in her model of culture and business dynamics that many managers are driven by their organizational cultures and therefore fail to make proper decisions based on accounting. They focus more on the economic gains of their businesses. In his overview of the financial accounting theory, Goetz (2010, p. 1044) highlights that even though GAAP earnings often increase with transactions, this may affect a business culturally since it may fail to meet the interests of shareholders. Thus, in terms of reporting, an organization’s culture may impact on financial reporting and lead to bad reporting or misallocation of resources. Political influences Political influence on financial reporting in the USA has been a major stumbling block towards the implementation of reporting standards. Reports indicate that political influence erode investor base, elevates market and funding pressures and cuts the dollar area credit. Protiviti (2010, p. 5) indicates that overcoming such influences calls for creating of supportive liquidity and monetary policies and also resolving banks’ balance sheets and asst quality. Outcomes of converging IFRS and US GAAP into a global set of accounting standards Financial reporting has had its foundation based on GAAP which has been a key point of measuring the value of business in a marketplace. Financial accounting theory points out that finding a perfect compromise in financial reporting forms a key principle in establishing successful business operations. Even so, GAAP and IFRS differ and have certain limitations to their implementations. For instance, GAAP imperfectly compromises the information a company offers. Babin and Nicholson (2011, p. 50) indicate that even though there is need to combine IFRS and GAAP, it is critical to observe that reporting of the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) does not actually give the exact and precise position of a company in terms of performance. In addition to the two accounting methods, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFSR) are considered to be very relevant in accounting compared to the previous traditional accounting. Dhaliwal et al (2011, p. 90) indicate that these accounting methods differ in terms of application. There is need for greater harmonization of the two methods especially on changes classification for the IRFS to employ better guidelines for the practices According to Boerner (2011, p. 35), converging both GAAP and IFSR will enhance financial reporting practices since both methods will be critical in enhancing the ability to recognize two types of incomes in both manufacturers’ and dealers’ statements. GAAP considers the financial income over the business period and the initial profit on sales as a consideration of the price during inception. On the other hand, IFSR uses the equivalent of the profit or loss made from the sale of products which reflect on the agreed discount. Boerner adds that both methods record profit and loss at the time in accordance to the employed policies. However, critics have noted that GAAP in manufacturing statements only considers the implicit rate while IFSR factors the interest rate or the market rate. Under this consideration, IFSR is more considerate of the actual returns from sale by alternating between the quoted and market rate in order to gain better output. A description Johnson and Johnson financial and non-financial reporting The practice of financial and non-financial reporting among businesses in the pharmaceutical industry in the US has become increasingly popular, a consideration which is attributes to the presence of efficient accounting standards and enhanced stakeholder reporting. In Johnson and Johnson, financial reporting is a process that has been used by the management to create meaningful innovation to the lives and heath of its consumers and patients. This has generated the company’s potential business value. Geraghty (2010, p. 145) indicates that financial reporting in this company is a crucial practice that involves the exercise of disclosing and measuring accountability by external and internal stakeholders for the sake of high performance and sustainable development. The information provided in the annual report 2011 The 2011 annual report by Johnson and Johnson indicates positive growth in overall sales. The report notes that its adjusted earnings have been on constant growth for over 38 years with a 5.6% growth ($ 65.0 billion) in worldwide sales (Mayo 2011, p. 158). The reports also indicate that the company has launched new products and added value to pharmaceutical business segment, a factor that has saw it attain an increase in sales with a margin of 2.8%. Besides, the company’s global market share position based on its products has heightened its sales by 70% with some of its old brands still attracting up to 35% of sales (Mayo 2011, p. 158). Its 2011financial report attributes this growth to financial discipline which saw its adjusted earnings at $ 13.9 billion. This represents about 4.4% growth. It is imperative to note that the company has also made certain huge investments in advanced robust pipelines as well as in research and development (R
Discussion 8.1 Common Alterations in Urinary Functioning.

Discussion 8.1 Common Alterations in Urinary Functioning Objectives Identify common disorders of the urinary systemDescribe the drugs used to treat urinary system disorders Discussion Overview This discussion forum examines alterations in urinary functioning. Deliverables Your participation in the discussion forum, including the following: A response to the initial question(s) Step 1 Select a urinary system disorder for this discussion. Step 2 Research a urinary system disorder. Using the CDC website or other credible source of medical information, research the pathophysiologic alterations for the urinary system disorder you chose. Step 3 Post a response to the discussion board. Select three to five key alterations in urinary functioning that are caused by the disorder you selected. Be prepared to add one medication used to treat the disorder later after the initial post. In your post, describe the alterations without giving away the name of the disorder you chose.
Discussion 8.1 Common Alterations in Urinary Functioning

MGT 526 University of Phoenix Milestones from Coca Cola Questions Company History.

Assignment ContentWorking in business management means taking on responsibility to lead your organization in a variety of situations. Part of that responsibility is understanding where an organization has been and where it’s going. In this course, you put yourself in the shoes of a manager and use resources to make decisions on where an organization is heading in respect to business needs, organizational structure, leadership strategies, and change management. Some of the information needed may be easy to locate, but other information may take time and effort to find. Some may even need assumptions based on research. These research and strategizing skills will be useful in your business management career.Select a company and learn about its history. This will prepare you for your Week 2 Analysis.Note: Some reports are more recent than others. It’s in your best interest to find a company with a recent (within 2 years) report.Select 1 global company from Business Source Complete: SWOT Analyses to use for the next 5 weeks (this will sometimes be referred to as “your company”).Create a chart or outline that conveys the following information:Name of companyIndustryBrief history of companyAt least 3 milestones from the company’s history3 resources (in addition to Business Source Complete) where you can locate company information in future weeks. This may include company websites, current employees, journals, etc.Define 1 new unique business opportunity the company can do to increase their competitive advantage. (Hint: See opportunity factors and subsequent write-up on the opportunities in the SWOT analysis.)Identify a function of management that is needed for this opportunity.Submit your assignment as an attached Word document.
MGT 526 University of Phoenix Milestones from Coca Cola Questions Company History

Sociology homework help

Sociology homework help. Please write an essay on “What does Nursing mean to you, and why do you want to become a nurse? Please include an introduction and conclusion. The essay must be APA style.,What does Nursing mean to you, and why do you want to become a nurse?,Please write an essay on “What does Nursing mean to you, and why do you want to become a nurse? Please include an introduction and conclusion. The essay must be APA style. In the first Paragraph, please discuss what does nursing means to you. The second Paragraph discusses why you want to be a nurse. No plagiarism is allowed.,More details;,Interview Question: “Why Did You Choose Nursing as a Career?”,When preparing to interview for a nursing position, it’s helpful to review questions you might be asked. One of the things that interviewers often ask nursing candidates is, “What made you choose ,nursing as a career,?”,If you have an interview for a ,nursing position,, you want to arrive confident and prepared for your interview. Reviewing questions that interviewers might ask will help you do that.,What the Interviewer Really Wants to Know,When an interviewer for a nursing position asks you questions about why you became a nurse, he or she is trying to learn the personal reasons you may have for becoming a nurse. This question is also pose in order to gauge your enthusiasm for the profession.,Your answers should provide the basis for a discussion about your ,passion for nursing,, your qualifications, and your ,skill set,.,How to Answer the Interview Question “Why Did You Choose Nursing as a Career?”,Because there are so many factors that go into choosing a career, you can answer this question in a variety of ways. When preparing an answer, try to include the reasons the work interests you as well as ,what strengths you possess, that make you an excellent nurse and the best candidate for the job.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Sociology homework help

The article on ‘Practice-based Evidence: Towards Collaborative and Transgressive Research’ Essay (Critical Writing)

essay help online free Introduction The article on ‘Practice-based Evidence: Towards Collaborative and Transgressive Research,’ discusses the challenges of applying research based evidence in policy and practice. This article points the blame to practitioners who fail to apply research evidence, and ‘irrelevance’ of academic research to practice. The author accounts, in part, the conflict of the two factors to academic paradigm of research designed in contrast to practice. The author criticizes the traditional research model and proposes an optional practice-based model. Fox (81) identifies three suggestions for developing practice-based evidence. First, the reader should recognize the quest for knowledge as local and dependent process. Second, research process should be inclusive of divergence, challenging the legitimacy and repression of distinct perspective of the world. Third, theory-construction should be perceived as an add-on to practice. These collective perspectives refute the research/practice and researcher/researched contrast in traditional research and provide a politically and ethically employed research. The author has indicated several research evidences to support his arguments. He cited the study conducted by Mulkay on the opposition in the initiation of biochemistry (Fox, 83). Mulkay arrived at the conclusion that innovations were most effective where they harmonized current and popular technical and cognitive standards. The letdown of antisepsis to be embraced in the 19th century surgery perhaps mirrored the theory’s attribution of the aetiology of infections to the surgeons. The author demonstrates the relevance of the practice norms by suggesting the reason for the failure of the antisepsis theory in comparison to the asepsis theory that surgeons effectively implemented because it harmonized with the practice norm. Research approaches Study by Callon The researcher analyzed biological scientists’ struggle to resolve over fishing in the French scallop sector. The scientist encountered a first challenge when they discovered that scallops, which proliferated in laboratory tanks, were unable to attach to the rocks in their natural habitat. This scenario clarifies that translation of research findings to actual practice is not straightforward (Fox, 81). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More This situation necessitated another rigorous study to fix the problem, which failed because of inconsistency between a forced moratorium on fishing practice and the changes of the local economy. The researcher arrived at the conclusion that the world-views of the biologist and fishers were divergent to the extent of hindering the translation of scientific propositions into a model, which appeared applicable to a community whose livelihood sustained on the scallop (Fox, 83). The researcher relied on secondary data of a biological scientist project. This approach is cost-effective since it excludes the expense of data collection. However, this approach does not allow the researcher to build his or her theory of the problem of concern, wherein it ties the researcher to the theory of the previous biological scientist. This research underscores the importance of considering the divergent views of researchers and practitioners. In this research, people’s world-view of the problem differed from those of the researchers. Study by Wood et al These researchers investigated evidence-based procedure on exploitation of laparoscopic surgery for repairing inguinal hernia, oral anticoagulants for stroke prophylaxis and the suggestion for obstetric care established in a government circular called ‘Changing Childbirth’. On the one hand, the studies revealed a seemingly overall acceptance of the latter, and a patchy adoption of other initiatives on the other, particularly slow with regard to anticoagulant prophylaxis in spite of the evidence of decreased mortality and morbidity. These researchers postulated that disembodied research findings did not convince the practitioners, although they desired to observe these evidences contextualized in their practice. Wood and colleagues found it crucial that the proposed amendments influenced the practitioners. We will write a custom Critical Writing on The article on ‘Practice-based Evidence: Towards Collaborative and Transgressive Research’ specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Moreover, it is necessary for research to take consideration of locally based practices that relate with the research. The researchers arrived at the conclusion that research evidence signify not sufficient truth about reality, like one ‘reified moment’ related with the continuing account of practice (Fox, 83). The researchers perhaps employed a quantitative approach to identify the extent of adoption of evidence-based guidelines by the practitioners. This approach allows researchers to highlight the significance of divergent views between researchers and practitioners. Indeed, the author argues that research and practice should be regarded as divergent world-views on the same theme, whereby researchers perceive data, whereas practitioners perceive individuals. Policy makers must translate research data from the former to the latter world-perspective prior to its acceptance into practice by practitioners. Fox has failed to show how research developers can translate practitioners’ world-views into researchers’ world-view, so that practitioners can identify with research findings and easily adopt them. Although, the author proposes the use of practice-based evidence as the workable way of ensuring that practitioners directly employ research findings, there are serious ethical concerns that may arise from this perspective. Because practitioners see people, it means that the researchers will put many human lives at stake on the claim of obtaining findings that practitioners will directly embrace. Therefore, research developers should first postulate how researchers can adopt practice-based research [PBR] model, without infringing on human rights. Works Cited Fox, Nick. “Practice-based Evidence: Towards collaborative and transgressive reserach.” Sociology 37.1 (2003): 81-103.

Applying Analytic Techniques to Business

Applying Analytic Techniques to Business. Need help with my Accounting question – I’m studying for my class.

This is my feedback from assignment 5. She want you to use assignment five again with this assignment. I will attach assignment five again for you to get the information that she want you to use.
As you know you were to pick a stock, download the stock data and do some analysis.
You were to write a one page introduction, create scatterplots (and include a sentence explaining each process to create. Create a couple of histographs and again explain the process. Calculate central tendency and standard deviation stats for two sets of data and again give us insight into your process to create. And it is always a good idea to add a summary.
So, you picked Amazon – good choice. Good job downloading the data.
Good work on 1 page intro.
Good job on scatterplots – think about labeling x and y axes on all graphs – US Dollars and DATE for example. Let’s your reader understand you results more quickly.
Histograms – well done – see above. Add trendlines for readability and understanding. What else might you add to graphs?
Good job with calculations on mean, median, mode and standard deviation.
I hope you are feeling good about your growing understanding of analytics!
Citations and Reference page – See notes on doc and see Writing Center for quick tutorials. All assignments should meet writing standards, have citations and reference page requirements.
Think about adding summary on all papers.
Good work overall. Questions on next assignment – let me know!
Applying Analytic Techniques to Business

“Máy giặt bán tự động” – Cách thông minh để tiết kiệm thời gian và sức lao động cho người giặt

1 máy điện tử được ngoài mặt để giặt đặc biệt áo quần, khăn tắm, khăn trải giường, v.v. Và tiêu dùng nước để khiến cho sạch áo xống được gọi là máy giặt. Máy giặt là máy điện tử nên chẳng thể hoạt động nếu không sở hữu điện. Chúng hoạt động duyệt y năng lượng cơ học, năng lượng nhiệt và năng lượng hóa học. có 1 máy giặt là một điều rất đa dạng đối sở hữu thế giới đương đại. đại quát, mỗi hộ gia đình đều sở hữu 1 cái. Nhưng trước đấy thì ko tương tự, vài năm trở lại đây, lúc những người thợ giặt và những bà nội trợ thường giặt áo quần bằng tay. Cần đông đảo năng lượng vật chất và hiệu quả để mẫu bỏ bụi bẩn. Trước lúc phát minh ra máy giặt, áo xống được giặt dưới suối và đập trên đá. mô phỏng khả thi trước nhất được ngoại hình bởi James king, một người Mỹ. Nhưng trong thập kỷ cách đây không lâu, máy giặt đã giảm bớt năng lượng vật lý tham gia vào thời kỳ cọ xát và giặt áo quần. Giờ đây, họ đã thay thế phương pháp giặt quần áo lâu đời nhất trong các tiệm giặt là và gia đình. Về cơ bản, máy giặt cần sở hữu bột giặt và nước để khiến cho sạch quần áo và nó hoạt động dựa trên hệ thống quay vắt trong ấy máy sở hữu lồng giặt để làm sạch quần áo bằng bột giặt và nước. →→→ Xem thêm thông tin chi tiết tại: ngày nay, cứ sở hữu người thứ ba bằng máy giặt bán tự động. các dòng máy này được phát minh vào giữa những năm 1930 và 1940. trật tự giặt quần áo tiếp theo là một thứ tự khá phức tạp. các cái máy này giặt và xả quần áo; bên cạnh đó, người sử dụng máy giặt bán tự động phải tự chuyển áo quần sang lồng giặt khác để làm khô. Trong các máy này, mang 1 đường ống đi kèm với vòi nước. hầu hết các máy được thiết kế theo bắt buộc của công chúng cũng như các buộc phải của tiệm giặt là. Vì hoạt động đúng chức năng quan trọng hơn phổ thông so với ngoại hình và ngoài mặt của mô hình, đó là lý do vì sao máy giặt tự động thương mại được thiết kế cho các tiệm giặt là công cộng. 1 máy giặt bán tự động với 2 chiếc chính: 1. vận tải cao nhất, 2. vận chuyển trước Máy giặt bán tự động cửa trên nhiều nhất ở Hoa Kỳ, Canada và Úc. khi mà hồ hết các người sống ở những nước Châu Âu tiêu dùng tính năng vận tải trước. nếu một người muốn tìm 1 loại bán tự động, thì anh ta với thể xịt thăm các phòng trưng bày tương ứng của nó hoặc tậu máy giặt trực tuyến. →→→ Theo dõi chúng tôi tại: Máy giặt bán tự động có hai giỏ hoặc lồng: một quan tài để giặt áo xống và 1 quan tài còn lại để vắt khô. Công suất của máy được tính bằng kg. thường ngày, một loại máy 5 kg giặt được khoảng 20 bộ xống áo cùng kích cỡ. thị trường máy giặt ở Ấn Độ ko phải nhỏ. một số nhà cung cấp máy giặt bậc nhất đã tung ra sản phẩm của họ bao gồm các tiếng tăm lớn như IFB, National, LG, Onida, Electroflux, Samsung, Sanyo, Godrej, Kenstar, Toshiba, Videocon, Whirlpool, Haier, Hitachi, Siemens, Singer, v.v. Videocon đã tung ra thị phần chiếc máy bán tự động mới nhất mang tải trọng 3 kg, giá thấp. Nó sở hữu ba kiểu rửa máy giặt: 1. Rửa trước hai. Rửa thông thường 3. Rửa cao. tương tự, Godrej cũng đã tung ra mẫu GDS400 giá rẻ. Nó là một mô hình bán tự động vận chuyển bậc nhất với trọng lượng 3,5 kg. Nó với những vây lớn sở hữu khả năng rửa bốn chiều. Máy giặt có giá phải chăng ngả nghiêng từ Rs. 4000 đến Rs. 8000, Máy giặt tầm trung mang giá trong khoảng Rs. 12000 tới Rs. 18000 trong khi 1 trong những đắt tiền đến dưới phạm vi Rs. 40000 đến Rs. 75000. →→→ Tham khảo thêm: