Psychoanalysis and Psychiatric Treatment Methods Essay
Introduction: The Notion of Psychoanalysis The idea of psychoanalytic investigation extended from the theory of humanism, which supported the process of challenging and verifying personal self as the way of measuring one’s emotional health (Lye par. 3). Thus, the basic practices of dreams interpretation, as well as sexuality, personal desires analysis, and mental disorders identification, were put in the focus of psychoanalytic description. The major theorist of the discipline is the Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud, who developed a doctrine of mental distinctions and human behaviors being the follow-ups of unconscious desires. The Overview of the Freudian Psychoanalytic Approach Sigmund Freud’s idea of psychological impulses as the reactions to subconscious wishes earned a wide popularity not only through its originality but the extension of the first public clinics. Thus, the scandalous psychologist became the first doctor, who launched a program of founding the primary free-access clinics. The project evolved in Austria, in the first part of the 20th century and the practice was rapidly overtaken by the British and Hungarian medical institutions. The public services, which provided free-of-charge psychological treatment, became social in character, for they embraced a form of the democracy establishment and gave birth to multilevel social services throughout the world (Danto 9). The techniques and practices that were applied in the first psychiatry clinics included the methods of direct observation and discussions mostly. However, some traditional treatment elements were still present in the program of psychoanalytic examination. Psychotherapy Practices: The Cruelty of Treatment When one regards the practices of psychiatric treatment, the cruel practices of lobotomy, cold and hot water exposure, and some other physical tortures are often recounted. The approaches of bodily treatment of mental disorders stem from the 20th century. The following overview of the major aggressive approaches to human psychology provides a consisted notion of the psychoanalysis background. Lobotomy The practice of lobotomy was initially employed as an effective response to prolonged depressions, schizophrenia, and some other severe mental illnesses. The treatment technique first evolved in Portugal. It was developed by a neurologist, Egas Moniz, who deduced that gaining direct access to the human brain through drilling holes in a skull may improve the intellectual stability of a person. From that time on, the method was spread throughout multiple European and American clinics. Today, lobotomy is not used as a psychiatric treatment practice since it was acknowledged that the technique poses some threat to human life. Thus, in 1967, the American patient died directly during the session of lobotomy. Consequently, the practice was discarded by the World Health Organization (Tartakovsky par. 12). Isolation The usage of isolation as a treatment technique was initially employed by the nurses, who did not cope with separate highly-disturbed or aggressive patients. Since the time of psychiatric clinics existence, the experts faced the problem of extensive cruelty or rage, which was demonstrated by the clients. Therefore, they used to close the patients in separate rooms so that to give them a chance to calm down. It was noticed that the practice was quite helpful, for the desolated revealed relative submission after the session of separation. Consequently, isolation became a full-value treatment technique. At the end of the 20th century, however, it was certified by the psychological investigations that solitude does not allow people to cope with their problems. In contrast, it only stiffens their desires, which can evolve in the further mental complications. Thus, the practice was forbidden (“Isolation of Patients in Protected Rooms during Psychiatric Treatment” par. 5). Insulin and Electroshock Therapies The history of shock therapy in psychiatry began in the first decade of the 20th century and stemmed from the idea of convulsions being the effective treatment of such illness as apathy. Since the convulsions can be evoked by the electroshock therapy or insulin-imposed coma, the shock-based approach to recovery was developed. The method functioned for 70 years and was widely spread throughout multiple clinical settings (Shorter and Healy 10). With the course of time, the approach became employed as a tool for manipulation and patients subdue, which posed some dangers to human health. Moreover, it was claimed that the effects of the therapy had a temporary character. Consequently, the practice was eradicated by the theorists of psychoanalysis. Water Treatment and Holdovers The earliest types of psychotherapies take their roots from the 17th century. In this context, one usually regards the practices of various physical exposures and modifications, which were interpreted as the reactions to intellectual disabilities. For instance, the first psychologists were used to applying hydrotherapy as a producer of multiple bodily reactions. Since the human organism provides certain impulses in response to high and low temperatures, water was often heated or frozen (“Restoring Perspective: Life and Treatment at London Asylum” par. 1). Moreover, the doctors made an extensive use of holdovers in the 17th century. This method targeted depression treatment and implied brain stimulation through the application of different physical materials. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion: Summarizing the Popular Psychiatry Approaches The reviewed methods of psychiatric treatment provide a picture of psychoanalysis functioning in the first part of the 19th century. According to the estimation, the variety of therapies was based on some bodily reactions analysis. In the aftermath of the study, it may be concluded that the application of the mentioned techniques is based on vain assumptions and can pose a considerate threat to human health. Works Cited Danto, Elisabeth Ann. Freud’s Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis
Carlos Albizu University Week 4 COVID 19 Principles of Epidemiology Discussion
custom essay Carlos Albizu University Week 4 COVID 19 Principles of Epidemiology Discussion.
Reply Principles of Epidemiology Week4 Updated Discussion Prompt ( Please provide me with a post for myself and then reply to two of my peers below): A local hospital reports an increase in admissions of patients with a cough, runny nose, fever, and difficulty breathing. Some patients have been admitted with pneumonia and require intensive care on a ventilator to assist with their breathing. As Director of Infection Prevention/Hospital Epidemiologist, it is your responsibility to lead the investigation of these cases for the hospital. Choose from one of the three following options to describe in your initial discussion post:What information do you need to identify if these are true COVID-19 positive cases (HINT: In order for clinicians to rule-out a disease, they need certain diagnostic results.)?What preventive measures should be instituted for these patients (HINT: Review the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) COVID-19 web page and discuss transmission based precautions for COVID-19)?What do healthcare workers at your hospital need to care for these patients?In your replies to your peers and/or your professor, discuss the differences and similarities of your recommendations in comparison to the recommendations made by your peers. Remember that since COVID-19 is a new virus, even you and your peers, as expert epidemiologists, are learning new things and adapting your approach each day.Support your ideas with APA style citations/references (HINT: review the CDC and the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) COVID-19 websites). Be sure to use the epidemiological terminology you learned this week.increase in admissions of patients Reply to each Peer about their post. increase in admissions of patients Reply 1Suzette: Hello Professor and Classmate! This week’s discussion base on epidemiology questions related to COVID 19, which is declared a serious impact on the people in society. The microorganism is considered a very dangerous thing where it’s former of terminators to human lives. A local hospital reports an increase in admissions of patients with a cough, runny nose, fever, and difficulty breathing. Some patients have been admitted with pneumonia and require intensive care on a ventilator to assist with their breathing. As Director of Infection Prevention/Hospital Epidemiologist, it is your responsibility to lead the investigation of these cases for the hospital. Choose from one of the three following options to describe in your initial discussion post: What preventive measures should be instituted for these patients (HINT: Review the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) COVID-19 web page and discuss transmission-based precautions for COVID-19)? The preventive measures the instituted should take for these patients is protected them from microbial As CDC state prevention from the COVID-19 is mandated for everyone to wear a mask, and monitor the social distance, ensure hand washing is number one helps to stop the spray of an infectious microorganism those patients with the health condition may need protection from the medical professionals should contain a PPE to protect patient closely contact. However, public health care practices the infection control measure to preventing the contamination and spray of infection disease. The CDC guideline Infection control standard, contact, droplet, and airborne precautions procedures for decontamination of persons and disinfection of equipment and the health care system. Q Isolated of contacts is using to eliminate the exposure of an individual’s control of the vectors of infected others. Logically, these infectious diseases are can be actionable of the central points of diseases. These diseases are deadly weapon causes sickness of death, contribute to America around the globe, these infectious diseases are the number one leading cause of morbidity and mortality. According to Macera el. (2013), Infectious diseases affect the health care system and the populations as well. Reference: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/ Macera, C. A., Shaffer, R. A., & Shaffer to epidemiology: Distribution and determinants of disease in humans (1st ed.). Cengage Learning. increase in admissions of patients Reply 2 Priscilla (Reply from Student): Infectious diseases has affected many people throughout the world and are the leading cause of death that we still see today. In the United States, influenza and pneumonia are seen as the eighth leading cause of death (Macera et al., 2013, p. 179). Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. In order to combat an infectious disease, epidemiologists study the causes of the outbreaks of that disease in order for them to treat the disease and prevent another outbreak in the future. A scenario is given that states the following: A local hospital reports an increase in admissions of patients with a cough, runny nose, fever, and difficulty breathing. Some patients have been admitted with pneumonia and require intensive care on a ventilator to assist with their breathing. As Director of Infection Prevention/Hospital Epidemiologist, it is your responsibility to lead the investigation of theses cases for the hospital. Today, COVID-19 has unfortunately impacted everyone globally as an infectious disease. Studies have shown that COVID-19 can be transmitted by being in direct or indirect contact with a person who has it, which is spread from one person to other person. It is typically through respiratory droplets when a person who is infected sneezes or coughs. Also, a person can be infected when they touch the surface or object that already has the virus on it and then go and touch their nose, mouth, or eyes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). While leading the investigation of these cases for the hospital, there are preventive measures that should be instituted for these patients. Those preventive measures are washing their hands regularly and properly with soap and water for 20 seconds, and use hand sanitizer that is alcohol-based if soap and water is not available at the moment. Also, patients should avoid being in close contact with other patients and wear a cloth face cover to cover their nose and mouth when they are around others. Lastly, patients should cover their nose and mouth when they sneeze or cough, and avoid touching their face, such as their nose, mouth, and eyes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). Furthermore, there are transmission-based precautions for COVID-19 that the medical professionals in the hospital would need to take for patients who are known and suspected to be infected, which requires additional precautions to prevent the transmission of infection. There are three types of transmission-based precautions, which are contact precautions, droplet precautions, and airborne precautions. In this case for COVID-19, the types of transmission-based precautions that should be taken by medical professionals are contact precautions and droplet precautions. Contact precautions are ensuring appropriate patient placement in a single room or space if available, using personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriately, which includes gown and gloves, limiting transport and movement of patients outside the room to medically-necessary purposes, using disposable or dedicated patient care equipment, and prioritizing cleaning and disinfection of the rooms of the patients (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). For droplet precautions, they are having source control of putting a mask on the patient, ensuring appropriate patient placement in a single room if possible, using personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriately, and limiting transport and movement of patients outside of the room to medically-necessary purposes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, April 24). How to Protect Yourself & Others. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016, January 7). Transmission-Based Precautions. https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/basics/transmission-based-precautions.html. Macera, C. A., Shaffer, R. A., & Shaffer, P. M. (2013). Introduction to epidemiology: Distribution and determinants of disease in humans (1st ed.). Cengage Learning.
Carlos Albizu University Week 4 COVID 19 Principles of Epidemiology Discussion
Business Essays – Google Online Internet
Business Essays – Google Online Internet. Google Online Internet Google, Inc. is the world’s leading online search engine company founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were students at Stanford University and the company was first incorporated as a privately held company on September 7, 1998. Google’s business is related to Internet Search, web-based emailing, online mapping, office productivity, social networking and video sharing as well as advertising services like Adwords and Adsence. Founded at Menlo Park, CA on September 7, 1998 and now has head quarters at Mountain View, CA (“The Rise of Google”. USA Today). It is the largest American company (by market capitalization) that is not part of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (as of October 31st, 2007). Google currently has16,805 full-time employees and Eric E. Schmidt, is the current CEO/Director of the company. Google is now traded on both NASDAQ and LSE. The first Google’s IPO took place on August 19, 2004. 19,605,052 shares were offered at a price of US$85 per share. The Google is the largest trading company on NASDAQ index with a revenue of US$16.593 billion, net income of US$4.203 billion, total assets of US$25.335 billion and total equity of US$22.689 billion (Financial Data Quest, 2007). Google is listed as top 5 companies traded on NASDAQ with total volume as 6,557,543. Google gets its name from the word “Googol” which is the mathematical term for a 1 followed by 100 zeros. Google is the most used search engine on the web with a 53.6% market share, ahead of Yahoo! (19.9%) and Live Search (12.9%) making Google has a market leader. The main revenue for Google, Inc. is the advertising application launched by Google called Adwords, where thousands of advertisers advertise there products and services. Started in the year 2000 Google Adwords is treated as flagship advertising product and main source of revenue. It offers Pay Per Click (PPC) advertising, and site-targeted advertising for both text and banner ads. Google has tremendous competition in the industry with Yahoo, Inc., MSN, AOL and others. Google, Inc. is vaulted to more than 6 Billion $ sales last year (Business Week, Estimation 2007). Google also faced a number of Law suits for Violation of trademark law and Click fraud. Google settled a click fraud lawsuit for US$90 million. In April 2002 a company called Overtune Services, Inc.(A Yahoo Company) sued Google for patent infringement for launching Adwords. Google agreeing to issue 2.7 million shares of common stock to Yahoo! in exchange for a perpetual license under the patent. (Google, Yahoo bury the legal hatchet, Stefanie Olsen, CNET News.com, August 9, 2004). II. Firm’s Current Situation – Internal Analysis Strengths of Google, Inc: Google is the current market leader with more than 53% share in the Search Engine and advertising industry, the factors that made possible to acquire this position are: Technology: Google uses high defined user end technology such as open source search, which enables easy and sharp search to customers. Google uses high speed servers which can tackle millions of searches a minute. The technology used by Google is also used by NASA and US Defense. This type of technology help customers to find relevant answers for there enquiries online, making Google the most trusted reliable search engine in the world. Online Advertising: Google’s online advertising is the main strength for generating revenue, Adwords is a premier service offered by Google for its online advertisers. Through which one can market there product or service. After the Click Fraud Law suit Google has formulated the new procedures for Adwords. Advertisers mainly attract to Google Adwords even though there are many pay per click advertising networks. Employees: Google employees are highly trained in technical aspects and on working procedures. Google had more than 16000 full time employees in more than 50 countries working 24/7. The HR policies and work environment at Google is well designed for longer retention and highly productive from the employees. Google also listed in Fortune 500 companies and the Best place to work, with employees as strength Google is treated and trusted brand online. Research and Development: Google with high user end technology which requires continuous Research and Development. Google has separate RBusiness Essays – Google Online Internet
Emerging Economies and Globalization discussion
Emerging Economies and Globalization discussion.
Assignment 1: Required Assignment 2—Emerging Economies and GlobalizationBackgroundMarkets in developed economies are approaching saturation level. Therefore, MNCs are searching for new untapped markets in emerging countries such as India and China. Since the healthcare industry will continue to grow in the future due to the size of the global population and its age composition, General Electric Healthcare (GEH) is trying to capitalize on these trends. It is expanding its operations and development of new drugs and manufacturing of the medical equipment in India and China.DirectionsRead the following articles:At least one peer-reviewed article related to the trade theories in general as well as for China and IndiaArticles related to the human resource management for MNCs, focusing on ethical, cross-cultural and diversity management issues, expatriate training, and expatriates’ success/failure in overseas assignmentsArticles related to GEHThen, respond to the following:Select two trade theories that best explain why GEH expanded its operations of developing new drugs to India, and manufacturing X-ray business to China.Explain the selected theories, and then evaluate GEH’s reasoning.Explain possible pitfalls for such strategy from GEH’s perspective.Identify solutions to the possible pitfalls for the strategy.Identify and evaluate the ethical dilemmas associated with GEH’s expansion of its operations of developing new drugs to India and manufacturing X-ray business to China. Be sure to provide specific examples to further support and demonstrate your points.For each operation (India and China), evaluate GEH’s human resource strategy, including an examination of the unique ethical and diversity management challenges associated with operating in a foreign country.Discuss how you would address any deficiencies in GEH’s human resource strategy in respect to ethical and diversity management issues. Be sure to provide specific examples to further support and demonstrate your points and solutions.Identify how you would design training for preparing expatriates for their assignments to India and China if you were in charge of their training prior to the overseas assignment. In doing so, include training components addressing ethical and diversity management challenges.Write a 7–10-page paper in Word format. Utilize at least five to seven scholarly sources in your research. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A1.doc. By the due date assigned, deliver your assignment to the Submissions Area.
Emerging Economies and Globalization discussion
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