Listen to this Freakonomics podcast “When Helping Hurts.” The podcast profiles one of the earliest modern attempts to find out what really helps at-risk kids (Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study). 1) The Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study was considered the first randomized experiment of a social program. How was the experiment conducted? What are “diagnostic pairs” and describe how were these used in the methodology?2) What is “directed friendship” and how was it intended to work? That is, what is the theory of change with mentoring?3) What were the effects of the program as studied by Joan McCord in the 1970s? Was the program found to be effective? Why did the intervention backfire? What do you believe are the most important lessons learned from the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study for contemporary juvenile delinquency prevention?
Loyola Marymount University Podcast Freakonomics Discussion
Reply to this post with at least 250 words citation and reference Risk Analysis, Practice, and Considerations in Capital Budgeting: Evidence from the Field for the Bio-based Industry The practice of
Reply to this post with at least 250 words citation and reference Risk Analysis, Practice, and Considerations in Capital Budgeting: Evidence from the Field for the Bio-based Industry The practice of. Previous studies have found capital budgeting practices being conducted in organizations across all regions of the world. It’s important to note that over time, due to the technology available, many businesses have handled risk differently since they now have access to capital budgeting software systems (Abbati et al., 2021). As risk assessment and capital budgeting go hand in hand (a capital budget outlines the risk assessment), various hypothesis that could explain the type of risk analysis in multiple areas of the bio industry needed to be investigated. Multiple survey questionnaires were utilized to collect data from many bio-based industries and found that only ¼ of bio-organizations even had a thorough understanding and background knowledge on capital budgeting and risk analysis (Abbati et al., 2021). It is important to note that businesses within retail or the food industry utilize risk and capital budgeting assessments with massive financial success due to their financial management capabilities. Another conclusion found from the study is that of those who did use capital budgeting, more than 95% favored qualitative and quantitative methods (as opposed to probabilistic methods) (Abbati et al., 2021. The study also found that the favored financial metrics utilized within the bio-industry for capital budgeting purposes is Return on Investment, Internal Rate of Return, and Net Present Value. It is also important to identify that more than 80% of survey entries claimed to only use capital budgeting after risk assessment happens in the later project stages (which somewhat defeats the purpose of capital budgeting) (Abbati et al., 2021). A lot of knowledge was gained within this article which brought many different thoughts going into my mind about capital budgeting. First, it is vital for bio-organizations to use capital budgeting due to the complex field of research, science, tests, and uncertainty the field holds. Capital budgeting would allow for scientific research and examination to be done without fear of losing money because they should have set a capital budget. To hear that the majority of bio-based industry’s do not use capital budgets could explain why certain pharmaceutical companies must stop testing on new products…because they haven’t set financial parameters based on a capital budget, they should have set. Just last week, within the last discussion post I wrote, I mentioned a certain pharmaceutical drug that had to stop all testing despite the fact that there was none other like it on the market in order to help with Osteoporosis. It’s definitely sad how if bio-medical companies did set capital budgets, the public would most likely have access to many drugs that are still being tested right now (due to insufficient funds because of the lack of capital budgeting). References: Abbati de Assis, C., Suarez, A., Prestemon, J. P., Stonebraker, J., Carrillo, C., Dasmohapatra, S., Jameel, H.,Reply to this post with at least 250 words citation and reference Risk Analysis, Practice, and Considerations in Capital Budgeting: Evidence from the Field for the Bio-based Industry The practice of
Please refer to the table that is attached to this assignment. -Locate and review two dimensions from each category
custom essay Please refer to the table that is attached to this assignment. -Locate and review two dimensions from each category (market structure differences, buying behavior differences, and marketing practice differences). -Provide a narrative that includes each of the three specific dimensions you’ve chosen and how each dimension differs between the B2B and B2C markets. Please provide examples of relevant companies or industries in your writing.
BLAW 370 CSUN Stakeholder Relationships for Leading Corporate Citizens Discussion
BLAW 370 CSUN Stakeholder Relationships for Leading Corporate Citizens Discussion.
For this week’s discussion, do 2 articles/ papers! 1) When examining the best practices in primary stakeholder relationships for leading corporate citizens, Waddock presents Table 6.4 on page 217 to summarize these approaches. Choose one primary stakeholder from that chart and find a news article/paper that discusses a company that engages in the relevant boundary-spanning function and best practices for that particular stakeholder (as summarized in Table 6.4). 2) Post a hyperlink to the news article/paper (FOR EACH).3) Write at approximately 250 words summarizing the article (FOR EACH) and analyzing it and explaining its findings to your classmates.
BLAW 370 CSUN Stakeholder Relationships for Leading Corporate Citizens Discussion
Research Ethics: Tri-Council Policy Statement Term Paper
Research ethics are principles that guide the research process. These principles are means of making sure that vulnerable persons acquire protection from exploitation and other types of harm. In Canada, research ethics are contained in Articles 3.1 – 3.5 of Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS). Historical and philosophical concept behind Articles 3.1 – 3.5 of TCPS The history of informed consent goes back to the 1930’s when American courts upheld the significance of knowledgeable assent in research. This was a result of the outrage at the brutality of Nazi experiments with human beings (Schuklenk, 2005). Later, in 1966, Henry Beecher a chief philosopher in the area of research ethics published an article in which he quoted 22 incidences of unethical actions in research. Among the incidences was a study whereby a doctor in Brooklyn inserted live cancer cells into dementia patients devoid of their consent. Beecher, through his work, tried to show that conducting research without participants consent is abusive. Nevertheless, abuse continued and 6 years later, the Tuskegee syphilis experiment came into exposure (Schuklenk, 2005). This experiment used human beings suffering from syphilis in a study, whereby the patients remained under observation rather than being treated. Eventually, many of them died and others transmitted the disease to their families. This led to creation of research ethics that would enhance respect for human beings and justice. Article 3.1 This article guarantees consideration of willingness to take part in a research before recruitment. Article 3.1 is ethical because it recognizes a person’s right to make choices depending on personal beliefs and values. As such, the article protects the rights of a person to take part in a research process willingly and prevents a person from taking part in a research unwillingly. Thus, this article instills authority to research participants through allowing them to accept or decline an offer to participate in research. Therefore, Article 3.1 conforms to the principle of autonomy. Article 3.2 This article requires researchers to give potential respondents research information as specified by Research Board of Ethics (RBE). The information given should guide the potential participant in deciding whether to consent, or decline to participate. Article 3.2 is ethical because it recognizes a person’s right to take actions depending on personal beliefs and values. As such, this article gives participants power to make autonomous decisions upon getting substantial understanding of the research activities. The article also prevents research respondents from participating in actions that do not correspond to their values and beliefs. However, the autonomy of the respondent may lack consideration in some situations. For instance, in the health-care setting, a nurse can progress without consent if there is enough evidence to show that disclosure will make a patient incompetent to reject, or consent to treatment. Such an action corresponds to the principle beneficence, as the nurse will progress for the benefit of the patient. Therefore, Article 3.2 conforms to both the principle of autonomy and beneficence. Article 3.3 This article upholds that research is a continuous process that is prone to change, and in the same way, consent should be continuous. Thus, the article calls for the researcher to notify participants of any evolving roles and confirm from them whether they still consent. Article 3.3 is ethical because it acknowledges a person’s right to make choices depending on his or her values. In the course of research, roles of participants may change depending on research objectives. For instance, in a study aimed at evaluating illnesses associated with HIVAIDs, a need to analyze the contents in their sputum may arise. Upon this realization, researchers should notify participants that they would have to produce sputum for assessment. If there is a participant who feels that this contradicts to her societal norms, or personal beliefs, then he or she may choose not to participate in this area. Thus, Article 3.3 protects participants against participation when new rules do not conform to their values and beliefs. Therefore, Article 3.3 conforms to the principle of autonomy. Article 3.4 This article calls for researchers to inform participants of any incidental findings. The article also provides clear rules to follow when there are incidental findings. Failure to inform participants of any incidental findings would deny participants their rights to full disclosure. However, such disclosure should not cause harm to participants. Thus, this article is ethical because it supports full disclosure, which recognizes a person’s right to take actions depending on personal beliefs and values. On the other hand, this article is unethical because it does not provide for incidental findings that may cause harm to participants. According to the principle of nonmaleficence, a researcher should not inflict harm intentionally. Therefore, Article 3.4 conforms to the principle of autonomy but defies the principle of nonmaleficence. Article 3.5 This article stipulates that research shall begin only after the participants, or their authorized third parties, have provided their consent. The article recognizes that some people cannot make competent decisions and thus, need third parties. Therefore, this article is ethical because it treats all persons equitably. As such, the article ensures acquisition of informed consent for person who cannot make sound through authorized third parties. This prevents incapacitated people from taking part in a research unwillingly. Therefore, Article 3.5 conforms to the principle of justice. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Reference Schuklenk, U. (2005). Module one: Introduction to research ethics. Developing World Bioethics, 5(1), 1471-8731.