discussion prompt Abortion is one of the most difficult and controversial moral issues we will consider. Listen to both sides, even if it is difficult to do. Both sides have important moral insights, even if ultimately these insights are outweighed by the insights of the other side. The goal of this discussion is not to convince you to accept one position over the other, but to help you to understand both sides. As you consider this difficult issue, it is important to distinguish two questions:Is abortion morally wrong?Should abortion be illegal?Choose one of the questions above and argue both sides with supporting evidence. Please write your discussion choice in the title line. Remember to respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts.comment 1These days, abortion is one of the commonly argued topics among people. There are two utmost sides to this topic: pro-life or pro-choice. Pro-life people consider abortion murder because the fetus is killed when the mother decides to go through the abortion. Most of these individuals are based on religious faith, where killing is very frowned upon. In most religions, killing something or someone disrupts a cardinal rule of the religion. This discussion focuses on the ethical theory of deontology, where the morality of the issue is dependent on a set of rules rather than the consequences of that action. (Pence, 2014) Pro-choice individuals argue that the mother should have the right to do what they will with their bodies. This theory of control comes from the policy of autonomy, where a person can self-govern. This indicates that they should control anything that has to do with themselves and consider their decisions. (Pence, 2014) There are many purposes why a mother wants to go through an abortion. It could be health issues, traumatic events, and even financial issues. I assume that abortions should not be used because someone regretted their actions, such as having a one-night stand, and now they regret the decision. However, abortions should be used if there is a physical or mental effect that is intimidating to harm the mother of the fetus. An example of this would be an ectopic pregnancy. Each case is different, and I think that people should look at each issue of abortion to see the rationale for abortion before concluding the morality of abortion.
Pence, G. (2014). Medical Ethics: Accounts of Ground-Breaking Cases. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.comment2I’ll send it ASAP
Los Angeles Valley College Legality and Morality of Abortion Discussion
I’m working on a writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.
In the questions below, please provide detailed answers. Where stated to explain an answer, use your own words. Where specific information is requested, it is ok to state the information directly from the regulations. List and explain (in your own words), what the first six columns in the Hazardous Materials Table cover. Include how they are applied to hazardous waste shipping (in your own words)? (15 points)If a material is a waste, how would you state it for column two? For example, I am no longer using acetylene oxide and need to dispose of it, how would you state that it’s a waste? (10 points)What is a reportable quantity (in your own words)? What is it used for (in your own words)? Where is it found in 49 CFR? (15 points)A plastics company has 250 gallons of Ethylene Dichloride that needs to be shipped to a satellite facility within the same company. Provide the information for columns 1-6 for the material: (30 points)Symbols and what it requires (If there is an RQ, provide the quantity)Hazardous materials description or proper shipping nameHazard class and divisionIdentification numbersPacking groupLabel codesA laboratory at a university ordered pure liquid nicotine to conduct experiments by adding it to a 15-gallon fish tank filled with water and fish. Provide the information for columns 1-6 for the material once it was added to the fish tank as if they are shipping it to a different facility for use: (30 points)Symbols and what it requires (If there is an RQ, provide the quantity)Hazardous materials description or proper shipping nameHazard class and divisionIdentification numbersPacking groupLabel codesPreviousNext
Academy College Week 13 Composition of the Ethylene Dichloride Questions
Entry Strategy Used By Wal Mart Commerce Essay
This report examines Wal-Mart as a case study. An introduction of the history, objectives and strategy was first examined. It later went on to determine what motive the company into international strategy using secondary data obtained through Websites and journal articles. Taking into consideration Wal-Mart operates in about 15 different countries its entry into Brazil was investigated. The entry strategy used by Wal-Mart was examined using the four categories of timing of entry, market choice, and investment scale and entry mode. The company’s corporate strategy was examined and it was discussed in terms of whether Wal-Mart strategy was Global, Multi-domestic and Transnational. Wal-Mart strategy was concluded to be more on the transnational strategy as it took into account its global strategy and local strategy as well. Wal-Mart is known for being a company that has competitive advantage in logistics and customer service which are among its functional analysis. The logistics was examined in full as the main functional analysis affecting Wal-Mart in its entry into Brazil. Finally, recommendations were given on what Wal-Mart could do better when entering another international Market and a conclusion was made. Introduction This report discusses the Wal-Mart was first established in America in 1962 by Sam Walton .Wal-Mart is known as one of the World’s Largest retailers serving more than 200million customers and members per week (Walmartstores.com). As at 2010, its fiscal year sales was $405 billion and is one of the Worlds’s most admired Companies Survey. Wal-Mart has over 8400 stores in 15 different countries (Wal-Mart.com) due to its need for globalisation. In this report, Wal-Mart entry into Brazil would be looked upon enabling the discussion on what motivated the firm into globalisation, its entry strategy into Brazil, its corporate strategy that enables it success and its functional analysis. Secondary data’s would be used for this analysis. Firm Motivation In order to be able to analyse Wal-Mart’s entry strategy, it would be worthwhile to understand what motivated the firm into globalisation. Management realised, that by the 2000 the market in the United States would become saturated and reduce their market share and decided to expand global. Also in 1990’s, Wal-Mart was facing stiff competition from key players such as K-Mart and target (Angela da Rocha 2002). These two companies were taking up Wal-Mart market share and expanding their global strategy. The competition strategy used by Target and K-Mart left Wal-Mart with no choice than to enter the international market with the aim of increasing market share and sales of the company. Wal-Mart believed in its strength and technology development to help in markets abroad. Wal-Mart was also motivated in terms of thinking about the benefits of economies of scale and scope obtained through globalisation. Wal-Mart deals with major international firms like Unilever (food products) which has its own international operations thereby using its large size to demand deeper discount on items (Hills 2008). Also, another reason Wal-Mart might have decided to entry Brazil could be because of the knowledge and expertise to be gained by other firms competing in such a country and be able to integrate the knowledge obtained into other operations in the future. Diagram derived from: http://www.themanagementor.com/kuniverse/kmailers_universe/mktg_kmailers/wal-mart.htm The diagram above details the competitive advantage that Wal-Mart has in order for it to internationally encourage to enter different markets. Entry Strategy According to Hill 2008, there are four categories of entry strategies used by firms they are as following using Wal-Mart as analysis. Market Choice In 1994, Brazil experienced a new thrust in the economy where there was implementation of lower inflation. This improved the purchasing power of Brazilians and also enhanced economic growth, Wal-Mart saw this as an opportunity to invest in the country. In 1995, Wal-Mart began operations in Brazil; Wal-Mart entered Brazil in order to be able to obtain the benefits to be derived from the potential demand of the population and potential the economic growth Wal-Mart did not use one single strategy to enter different countries. The selection of market choice was based on the detailed information of the business, competitive and economic environments of the country of operations. Govindarajan and Gupta stated “After choosing the country, and understanding the environment, the management at Wal-Mart would decide on the best entry strategy. The selection varied from starting new stores from scratch (to acquisitions), joint ventures, and alliances. Wal-Mart establishes its presence in local markets by first understanding the uniqueness of each market, and then by adapting its business model to suit that market. Entry Mode Wal-Mart, through partnership with Lojas Americanas which one of Brazil’s leading discount store chain entered Brazil. Wal-Mart chooses to own 60% whereas Lojas Americanas would retain 40% which is a joint venture. Wal-Mart holds 60% makes decision making easier has they control a larger percentage of the company and can make quick and managerial decision compared to if it was 50:50. According to the data founded by Hill 2008, UN estimated that some 40-80% of Foreign Direct investment were in form of mergers and acquisition. It is easy to execute joint venture than to start a company from scratch .Within the time taken to start a company from the beginning a competitor might have acquired another company within the country and limit the market share to be obtained. Joint Venture makes it easier for Wal-Mart to meet its objective of becoming a globalised company in international market. The logic behind this partnership and its success is that Lojas Americanas brings in the cultural integration whilst Wal-Mart brings in the managerial skills and resources needed for the partnership to work. Wal-mart decided to open Supercenters (50,000 different items) and Sam’s Club stores (buyers club which required a fee for membership) because it believed its discount operations would work. The idea of the Supercenters was to provide a new product mix and varieties for the Brazilian market at lowest price. Timing of Entry Wal-Mart entered Brazil as a first mover advantage as technology was not readily available in Brazil at the time of entry given them a competitive advantage against Carrefour. This helped the economy to imitate the technological advancement and incorporate them into other businesses. Although, the sharing of technology was an advantage it could have also been a disadvantage as Wal-Mart was sharing its knowledge with its competitors and this could have been used against them. Investment Scale Wal-mart entered with Lojas Americanas which was known for its aggressive strategy in dealing with businesses thereby helping Wal-Mart gain an advantage. It entered with US$120 million to construct its stores with one in the largest city (Kotabe 2003).It entered at a large scale in order to gain competitive advantage this could have also been a problem if Wal-Mart failed in Brazil thereby losing the revenue used in entry. According to Kotabe 2003, it was stated that “Wal-Marts objective was to achieve number one retailer position in Brazil and in order to do that they setup a logistics and communication system competent of supporting no less than 80 units in the Brazilian Market” Wal-Mart also employed Brazilian executives who understood the market, cultures, and customers and would be able to manage the company effectively. Wal-Mart continued investing into Brazil has the demand was becoming more than the supply for their manufactured goods and services. Corporate Strategy According to Sam Walton, Wal-Mart strategy is ‘low prices always’. Wal-mart is known as Wal-Mart greeters where customers enter the store and they are greeted ‘with a sweet face’ a, huge smile and a shopping cart (Burbano 2004). Wal-Mart also offered attraction of employees at disposals of consumers helping them as they enter into the stores. Wal-Mart company strategy is based on four pillars cost leadership, customer orientation, logistics and information technology (Angela da Rocha 2002). Fig 1 explains the reasons such as pressure from local responsiveness and pressure from global integration helps in determining the corporate strategy of the firms. When a company such as Wal-Mart chooses a corporate strategy it needs to decide how strong would the pressure of global integration or the pressure of local responsiveness affect its overall objective? Global Strategy In terms of Wal-Mart being a global strategy based in the beginning they prided themselves on being global. It brought the cultures, product, ways and products of the United States into Brazil and thought it could work since Brazil could not be different from America. It was later realised that it would not work and it revised it strategy by incorporating the culture of the Brazilians and the product to satisfy customer needs. Multi-Domestic Strategy In terms of localization strategy, Wal-Mart could not be seen as being localised because it never forgot its strategy of lowest prices and it incorporated some of its American product as well as Brazilian products in the market. Wal-Mart had to change its product from being USA focus and included variety of product that was an attraction to the Brazilian people. Wal-Mart prides itself on being a customer oriented in terms of good service, product at lowest prices. Wal-Mart boasts that it has a global strategy but it is also locally focused we people the people first (Walmartstores.com) Transnational Strategy Wal-Mart could also be seen as a transnational company in terms of the striking the balance between global standardization of operating strategy and local customization of store layout and stocking practices. Wal-Mart took into account what the Brazilians want by buying product from the local manufactures thereby integrating the cultures and customer needs. Also Wal-Mart adjusted to the situation of Brazilian market by increasing the deadlines of delivery by manufactures, it did not use the United State to bring in the products. Functional Analysis In order for Wal-mart to be successful in its chosen country it needs to work as a team with different departments. The departments such as Marketing, Purchasing, HRM, Logistics and Distribution etc come together to analyse the details and decide what is best for the company’s operation in the chosen country. Wal-Mart prides itself on its logistic systems being that it enables the company have competitive advantage over its competitors. As Wal-Mart began operation the demand of their merchandise was increasing compared to the supply that they had in store. The checkout lines were longer than expected; there was storage of parking space, traffic congestions and aggressive reaction from Carrefour its competitor. In accordance with Kotabe 2003, Wal-Mart experienced an alarming 40% stock out rate in Brazil, as compared to 5% in the United States. Although the stock out rate has decreased since, the problem is far from being completely eliminated. Brazilian suppliers are lagging behind the U.S. counterparts in logistics technology as that level of technological advancement has not been reached, thus making computerized inventory management systems useless. Additionally, the presences of traffic congestion present another major challenge to consistency and predictability in supply of both Wal-Mart stores and distribution center. At the time of entry, Brazil was in no comparison to the United States in terms of technological advancement. Wal-Mart believed that its logistics was good enough to help them in Brazil; what they failed to consider was the population of the Brazilian people and the demand for their merchandise. Consumers were eagerly interested in the lower prices of merchandise sold by Wal-Mart, and there was no indication of stress of traveling long distance to obtain merchandise. Wal-Mart had a flexible logistics, which enabled it realize the problem the problem of distribution and transport costs from the United State into Brazil. It decided to set-up alliances with local suppliers to deliver some goods that the store needed. This enabled reduced costs due to reduce transportation and fuel by drivers of their trucks and due to the technology it had it was able to determine the quality of the products. Recommendation When Wal-Mart decides to enter into an international market it needs to fully understand the market and the potential demands, political and supplier’s issues in order to be fully prepared for adverse reactions. Wal-Mart believes in its logistics as one of its competitive advantage and believes it could help them in any market. It is recommended, that they put into account the tastes and cultures of consumers and how they would be able to adapt to the countries ways of doing things. It is recommended that Wal-Mart could go a long way in benefiting internationally if the above recommendations are considered. Conclusions In this report, the motivation of Wal-Mart into internationalisation was analysed. Also, the entry strategy which included the market choice, the timing of entry, the type of entry mode and the investment scale was analysed. The corporate strategy of Wal-Mart whether it being multi-domestic, global or transnational was analysed. Its functional analysis was examined as well taking into account its logistics system. It was finished with a recommendation on what the company could do better in fir the next entry into another market.
UWA PESTEL Framework International Business & Global Value Chain Discussions
help me with my homework UWA PESTEL Framework International Business & Global Value Chain Discussions.
A. PESTEL Framework (2-3 pages)1. Discuss business or industry will be presented with an opportunity or threat because of a change in the general environment(COVID-19). Why?2. How might the business prepare itself to overcome the threat or take advantage of the opportunity?3. What new ethical dilemmas are presented by this change in the general environment? (This one will take some critical thinking but give it your best shot. For example, changes in the technological segment allowed Netflix to start efficiently streaming live content, but this came coupled with privacy concerns as user data was being collected and distributed to advertisers.)B. International Business and Bribery (1-2 pages)Despite the existence of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, many US companies have still been found guilty of paying bribes to foreign officials such as Wal-Mart in Mexico. One could argue that this is simply a cost of doing business and is “how they do things” in a particular country. From a utilitarian perspective, one might say that speeding up the development process and ultimately providing jobs and elevating the economic status of a region are benefits that outweigh the costs of the bribe. However, one could also argue that paying into a corrupt system only furthers the degradation of the institutions and is ultimately not good for the country as a whole.So the question: Is bribery ever an acceptable business practice?Important – use the framework of utilitarianism to craft your argument. For example, does the overall good that is created for stakeholders outweigh the costs? Or does the societal impact of bribery outweigh any benefits that are created by the business? What are the costs of bribery (non-monetary and monetary)?Be thorough with your answer, try to provide supporting evidence supporting your position.C. Global Value Chain and Labor (1 page)Looking at issues relating to Apple’s value chain, outsourcing and questionable labor practices, does Apple have a duty to work to correct issues in their supply chain? Or is it not their responsibility since they are utilizing independent contractors?
UWA PESTEL Framework International Business & Global Value Chain Discussions
Reading Response. I’m trying to study for my English course and I need some help to understand this question.
Reading Response: “How to Do Gender,”Lisa Wade and Myra Marx Ferree,887
44 unread replies.44 replies.
Answer question 1, 2, 4, 5, or 6 (or any combination of those questions) at the end of “How to Do Gender,” on pages 912-915.
Write at least 300 words.
Singapore University of Social Sciences Information Management for Supply Chain Paper
Singapore University of Social Sciences Information Management for Supply Chain Paper.
The questions can be found in the Group Based Assignment pdf file. Only Question 1(a) needs to be completed. There are total of 4 bullet points for Question 1a. Total number of words for all parts should not exceed 825 words. Based on the marks allocations kindly allocate the word count for each part of the question. Instructions on citations , format and guidelines indicated on the question paper. Need to prepare an excellent report with citations, references, statistical data, reviews and measures to be implemented in accordance with the given case scenario for all parts. Attached the study guide, course slides and notes for additional assistance. Need to have minimum 8 citations. The paper should be plagiarism free. Since I am looking to score excellent results, A+ for my assignment seek for assistance in delivering one. Greatly appreciate all your efforts More files will be uploaded on subsequent chats. Feel free to enquire on parts where clarity is needed. Read the following paper and answer the following questions. Hopkins, J and Hawking, P. (2018), “Big Data Analytics and IoT in logistics: A case study,” The International Journal of Logistics Management, 29(2), 575‒591. Available at: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IJLM-05-2017-0109/full/html Full-text is accessible in the Domain of SUSS, or via the SUSS Library Resource. For Question 1a , bullet point 3 , need to sketch a diagram, possible to use Google draw or any equivalent program to create one.
Singapore University of Social Sciences Information Management for Supply Chain Paper