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Lie and Deception Research Paper

Mankind has been endowed with the gift of communication use both verbal and non-verbal means. However, meaningful communication among the people is usually distorted by willful lie and deception. Deception refers to intentional distraction of information between people in a relationship and usually leads to distrust between the partners (Rondina and Workman 1). It usually involves the violation of rules governing relationships and is regarded to be an outright contravention of what is expected each of the relational party. In any interaction, people expect their close friends, family members, as well as unfamiliar persons to exercise the highest degree of truthfulness. It is unfortunate that human beings have a natural tendency of wanting to deceive in their day to day interactions. Some forms of deception that may be mentioned include lies, concealments or omissions, understatement which involves limiting truth, equivocations where an individual make contradicting statements, and exaggeration of truth. A lie is the act of claiming to have some information or disseminating or withholding information from an individual (Cullen 2). Usually, the information supplied is farther from the truth. The research paper explores lie and deception from a psychological perspective. Different groups have realised the need to detect lies and deceptions especially the forensic psychologists, the police, security experts, and those in relationships. A lie refers to a statement that is usually made deliberately with an intention of misleading or deceiving another; it is a deliberate telling of falsehood (Rondina and Workman 3). It is also a form of deception and has been categorised into different types. They include: being economical with the truth, propaganda, bluffing, emergency lie, the big lie, and so forth. The ability to detect lies and deceptions is a useful skill that any manager, employer, and many activities that help one from either becoming a victim. Psychological researchers have realised that they can investigate individuals suspected of lying. They use both body and language and can tell whether one is telling the truth or not (Cullen 25). It has been established that with objective observation of an individual’s body language by concentrating on the physical gestures as well as the verbal cues, one can tell if a person is lying or not. A number of physical gestures have been associated with deception and that it is possible to understand the body language. If an individual is being untruthful during communication, the individual’s overt expression will be limited and strained (Cullen 41). The movement of the arms and hand will also be limited and if any, they would be highly self-centered. They would also not spread their hands when seated on a sofa or leave them on their on when standing. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In other words, the liar will appear to be shrinking into him/herself. Another clear that a person is not telling the truth is that he or she will not make direct eye contact or if made, it would be prolonged. In case of any hand movement, they would be directed towards the face, holding the throat as well as the mouth. Moreover, the individual would be touching their nose or rubbing at the back of their ear (Rondina and Workman 11). With keen observation, such an individual would not be seen touching the chest with widely opened hand. The standing posture also tells a lot about the truthfulness of what an individual is saying at any particular time and psychologists would read a lot from this. Psychological researchers in the field of human interactions in relation to lying have also found that emotional gestures can be used to effectively tell whether someone is being truthful (Cullen 49). A close observation of these gestures reveals clear contradictions from what would otherwise be natural expressions. When one is lying, the timing as well as the duration of emotional signs is usually out of the natural pace. The expression of these emotions may be delayed, or prolonged, and when they end suddenly than one would naturally anticipate (Rondina and Workman 16). For instance, when someone receives a gift and says “I love it!” in the course of receiving, and smiles later, instead of doing the two concurrently, the person would probably be insincere. On the other hand, there is usually a mismatch between the verbal statements and gestures or expressions when one is lying. A truthful person’s expressions would involve the whole face unlike the one who is telling a lie or faking emotions since the facial expressions would only involve the mouth. The other way through which one can detect lies is by investigating the behaviour of an individual interactions and how they react. Research findings reveal that a liar would always be on the defensive while an innocent person will always be offensive during interpersonal relationships (Rondina and Workman 30). Eye contact during interaction also tells a lot; the liar will often avoid direct eye contact with the questioner. A liar is likely to cross his hands over the chest as well as fold the legs; this is an indication that he or she is trying to withhold some information. We will write a custom Research Paper on Lie and Deception specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This scenario is usually evident during interviews or when police are interrogating a suspect. Liars are more likely to use the words of the questioner when answering. They are also known for avoiding pronouns and introducing other parties into what involves them, for instance: Police officer: Did you steal the electrical appliances from your neighbor? Suspect (While facing the ground): No, I did not steal any electrical appliances from my neighbor. Police officer: Where were you on the night of December 31, 2010? Suspect (With a raised tone): Even my family members know,…did not do anything evil on that night. It can be concluded that lying and deception raises moral concern when it comes to interpersonal relationships. The consequences of lying can be so hurting on the victim. People ought to be truthful in whatever they say or do despite the myth that truth is a bitter pill to swallow. Works Cited Cullen, Sharon. Understanding Deception. Samhain Plc. 2009: 1- 57 Rondina, Catherine

ELAC Women Facing the Haunting and Trauma Film & Media Reflection Discussion

ELAC Women Facing the Haunting and Trauma Film & Media Reflection Discussion.

Instructions: In one to two paragraphs (300-400 words), answer ONLY ONE of the following questions below. Your response should include a central thesis/interpretive claim that serves as the central focus of your reflection, supported by formal devices in the scene. TIP: to boost clarity in these short reflections, put a clear and explicit interpretive claim somewhere in the first few sentences of the reflection. Complete this by 11:59PM PST on Sunday, December 13th. There is no time limit and you are allowed one submission before the deadline. Be sure that your submission is entered either using the text box or uploaded as a PDF, DOC, or TXT file.NOTE: Late reflections are accepted for grading no later than December 15th at 11:59PM. However, please note that the later the reflection, the greater the grade deduction. The lowest reflection grade (1 out of a total of 6 weekly reflections) will be dropped. Plagiarism—submitting work that is not the student’s own, whether lifted from a printed source or from the internet, or submitting writing by someone else (e.g., a tutor or friend), will warrant a reduced or failing grade, depending on the severity of the plagiarism involved. Answer ONE of the following questions in your reflection: Question 1:In your opinion, what formal devices in a Tale of Two Sisters (Kim, 2003) communicate the mental confusion or narrational unreliability of the lead character, Su-mi? in other words, what are the visual or sound cues for her traumatic perspective, and why are they effective or not effective? Develop an interpretive claim in response to this question. Question 2:Director Kim Jee-woon describes his approach to A Tale of Two Sisters (Kim Jee-woon, 2003) as using three distinct elements: sadness, beauty and terror. Pick one of these elements and make an interpretive claim about how Kim uses it in the film. Use one or two scenes from the film to support your claim and be sure to clearly describe the cinematic devices employed in the scene(s).Question 3:Why do the women in A Tale of Two Sisters (Kim Jee-woon, 2003) face the brunt of the narrative’s haunting and trauma? How are the men in the film configured in relation to the women and the film’s narrative? Foreground your claim with an analysis of at least two formal elements in one or two scenes in the film. Question 4:In A Tale of Two Sisters (Kim Jee-woon, 2003) the stepmother experiences a haunting within the house as she goes upstairs to investigate a mysterious sound. However, the scene is preceded by a shot of Su-mi’s tear-stained face in the psychiatric hospital (cf. 1:38:00-1:42:00). Is the haunting narrated from the stepmother’s subjectivity or Su-mi’s in this specific scene? With reference to one or two formal devices, develop an interpretive claim about who is experiencing the haunting and the significance of that subjective narration, either in regards to a split between secular and supernatural explanations for the haunting, or the significance of ambiguity itself. Question 5:In your opinion, what is the central traumatic event in A Tale of Two Sisters (Kim Jee-woon, 2003)? Drawing from one or two formal devices in one scene, craft an interpretive claim about a specific character’s traumatic experience in terms of its effects on your capacity as a spectator to reconstitute the (presumed or inferred) story from the film’s (explicitly presented) plot. Which cues are essential for determining whether an event is real versus a delusion, dream, or hallucination?
ELAC Women Facing the Haunting and Trauma Film & Media Reflection Discussion

Massachusetts College Communication Between Patients and Physicians Questions

professional essay writers Massachusetts College Communication Between Patients and Physicians Questions.

Read the case study: Collabortive Leadership in Action Between a Physician Group and Health System Consider the questions carefuly and write a short paper responding to these using in text citations and references to substantiate your thoughts using proper APA format.. This should be approximately 3/4 to 1 page for each question.REMEMBER this is 10% of your grade.CASE STUDY A large radiology physician group led a collaboration initiative with a large health system’s administration, clinicians, and IT leadership to implement the new Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) quality-based measures. MACRA requires the reporting of quality-based measures under the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), which incentivizes providers who are part of the patient care continuum to work together to increase quality of care and reduce waste. This collaboration was important to all parties because radiology is an expensive service, and is viewed as a cost center as opposed to a revenue center by hospital administrators.The collaborative integration was performed in a multi-step process by the radiology physician practice, which began by coordinating a series of strategic sessions with the payer to select the most relevant core measures. Core measures are quality- and outcome-based metrics that must be achieved to be reimbursed by CMS. After the relevant core measures were selected (based on preselected criteria), the physician leaders presented them at the system-wide Imaging Leadership Council meetings. After achieving buy-in from all stakeholders (clinicians, administration, and IT) the final step was to align the communications (to ensure that the same message was heard by all), and to manage the change needed for successful implementation of the core measures by the system’s technical teams. This was no small feat considering this was a six-hospital health system with more than 20 radiological imaging centers. Effective collaboration and communication were critical to the success of this implementation to improve quality of care, reduce waste, and increase financial performance by all parties.Discussion QuestionsWhat challenges and barriers could have impacted the collaboration and communication between the parties involved (payers, physicians and other clinical providers, hospital administration, information technology technicians, etc.)?What are some methods to gauge if and when collaborative efforts will be successful?
Massachusetts College Communication Between Patients and Physicians Questions

Environmental Factors and Health Promotion

Environmental Factors and Health Promotion. I need help with a Nursing question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

The growth, development, and learned behaviors that occur during the first year of infancy have a direct effect on the individual throughout a lifetime. For this assignment, research an environmental factor that poses a threat to the health or safety of infants and develop a health promotion that can be presented to caregivers.
Create a 10-12 slide PowerPoint health promotion, with speaker notes, that outlines a teaching plan. For the presentation of your PowerPoint, use Loom to create a voice over or a video. Include an additional slide for the Loom link at the beginning, and an additional slide for references at the end.
Include the following in your presentation:

Describe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factor you selected can potentially affect the health or safety of infants.
Create a health promotion plan that can be presented to caregivers to address the environmental factor and improve the overall health and well-being of infants.
Offer recommendations on accident prevention and safety promotion as they relate to the selected environmental factor and the health or safety of infants.
Offer examples, interventions, and suggestions from evidence-based research. At least three scholarly resources are required. Two of the three resources must be peer-reviewed and no more than 6 years old.
Provide readers with two community resources, a national resource, and a Web-based resource. Include a brief description and contact information for each resource.
In developing your PowerPoint, take into consideration the health care literacy level of your target audience, as well as the demographic of the caregiver/patient (socioeconomic level, language, culture, and any other relevant characteristic of the caregiver) for which the presentation is tailored.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide.
Environmental Factors and Health Promotion

Stanford Effects of Centralization & Decentralization to A Company Discussion

Stanford Effects of Centralization & Decentralization to A Company Discussion.

I’m working on a accounting discussion question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Discussion Topic: Centralization versus Decentralization and their Effects on the CompanyIn a centralized organization, budgets are often completed at the
executive level without input from lower-level management. In a
decentralized organization, more say for what goes into the budget is
allowed from those same lower-level managers that will eventually be
approved by the executive level.Garrison, R., Noreen, E., & Brewer, P., (2021). Managerial accounting (17ed). McGraw Hill.Do the discussion and the posted 1 to 3 down belowPosted 1A decentralized organization would be the better option. I believe the best decisions are made from experience in the lower-level environment. Empowering lower-level managers to make decisions put the decision-making authority in the hands of those who tend to have the most detailed and up-to-date information about day-to-day operations (Garrison, Noreen, & Brewer, 2021, p. 499). In most cases, executive level managers are from different generations. This may influence the way they compute budgets and make other decisions. Decentralized organizations also build strong managers. Allowing managers to make decisions at a lower-level is a great way to prepare them for executive level positions and other opportunities. Posted 2I believe that a decentralized process is better because it draws more
information directly from more sources than a centralized process. In a
centralized process, upper management has a better view of strategic
vision but can lack pertinent departmental information the lower-level
management has access to (Garrison, Noreen, & Brewer, 2021). This
can lead to budgets that are too difficult, or too easy, to achieve
(Garrison, Noreen, & Brewer, 2021). Additionally, it can cause lower
morale in lower-level managers who are given these budgets. Companies
can remedy these issues with a decentralized process. Lower-level
managers can set budgets that are relevant to their departments, which
boosts morale and can train them to upper-level management (Garrison,
Noreen, & Brewer, 2021). Once lower-level managers have prepared
their budgets, executives can review them, allowing an opportunity to
adjust them to be more in line with the strategic vision, and it gives
them a chance to prevent managers created too much budgetary slack
(Garrison, Noreen, & Brewer, 2021)Posted 3The more buy-in owners and managers can get with their staff the better.
I think decentralizing as much as possible helps with gaining critical
buy-in and helps the organization run better. On the flip-side,
centralized management tends to create more doers just doing what
they’re told instead of advancing the organization (generally speaking).
Decentralizing budgets and other decision making authority also helps
ownership and senior leadership more effectively run the organization.
Senior leaders can’t be in all places at all times, so having a team
able to make effective decisions within a set of boundaries allows for
business to run more smoothly. Whereas centralized budgeting and
decision making potentially creates bottle necks when decisions need to
be made or money to be spent. As always, when to implement one method
over the other depends on the type, size, scalability, and strategy of
the business. In reality though, there should be a balance of both:
centralized strategy and major goals, and decentralize the details that
can be controlled and managed at the manager level!
Stanford Effects of Centralization & Decentralization to A Company Discussion

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