Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King wrote the letter on the 16th of April in 1963. He was responding to his fellow clergymen after they called him unwise and untimely. King was arrested for his civil disobedience in the protests and marches that he led. Martin Luther King’s audience in the letter were the clergymen who are men of religion. Therefore King alludes to religious figures in order to appeal to the clergymen.
He speaks in a respectful tone so they believe that he is a civil man and does not mean to offend them. In response to the clergymen’s first claim that King is a an extremist, he uses allusions that appeal to the clergymen as well as anaphora and a rhetorical question. He refutes the claim that he is a lawbreaker by allding to religious figures and human rights. The clergymen also claim that King’s actions are untimely. Martin Luther King responds to this with charged words and anaphora that are meant to refute their claim.
In response to the claim that he is an extremist Martin Luther King uses allusions and compares himself to religious extremists and shows that extremism is not exclusively negative to appeal to the clergymen’s religious values and to prove that he is a positive extremist. When King claims, “was not Jesus an extremist for love… was not Amos an extremist for justice,” he is making an allusion to religious figures who fought for the greater good. This comparison appeals to the clergymen because he uses allusions they can relate to and also uses anaphora to stress the importance of his point.
Another response to their claim King makes is “Will we be extremists for hate of for love? ,” which proves that it is not necessarily negative to be an extremist. In asking this, Martin Luther King uses a rhetorical question to make the clergymen reconsider their claim and their definition of an extremist. King effectively counters his audience’s accusations about extremists with allusions, anaphora and a rhetorical question. Martin Luther King responds to the clergymen’s claim that he is a lawbreaker by using charged words and anaphora that explain that some laws are meant to be broken. When King explains, “… here are two types of laws: just and unjust… I would agree with St. Augustine that ‘an unjust law is no law at all’” he is alluding to St. Augustine who is a religious figure which would appeal to the clergymen. In addition to St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas is brought up as well, “… An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uproots human personality is unjust. ” this describes in what seperate forms a law can be percieved. Martin Luther King refutes the clergy’s claim by backing up his side with religious figures who parallel his ideals.
As a result of the clergymen who claim that King’s actions are those of an untimely man, he uses charged words and anaphora to refute their claim. When King describes the situation in the eyes of a fellow African-American, “when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your lack brother and sisters; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent socirty; when you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she can’t go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television… he is using pathos, an emotional appeal to get the audince’s attention, and anaphora, which emphasises the point behind his words. King describes the feelings of each and every Negro effected by the segregation and hate of the time in an attempt to emotionally effect the audience, the clergymen. King wraps up his argument by appealing to the clergy’s emotions with sensory detail that leaves them with a feeling of their fellow Americans, the Negro community.
In Kings explantion, “Let us all hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities… ” he describes his hopes for the future of humanity that will one day lead to equality among all of us. He refers to the clergy as his “brother” and “fellow” which puts him at their level of understanding. King believes that every man deserves the right to walk alongside one another with the thought of peace and tranquility crossing their minds.
Critical Reflection on Social Location/Positionality The intention for this assignment, is for students to reflect on their own social location
Critical Reflection on Social Location/Positionality The intention for this assignment, is for students to reflect on their own social location in relation to their course learnings from the first five weeks ( Chapters: Sociological Research; Family; Religion; Education) of the course. How has the course material so far impacted your views? How have your views, beliefs and attitudes changed in response to the course material in these very early weeks? Perhaps you feel that your views have not changed—how has the course material helped to solidify this for you? This is an opportunity to map and document your early learning, drawing on your course textbook for support. The Critical Reflection should be no more than 800-words. Make sure you are using appropriate referencing; you are expected to reference either the Steckley (2020) book or the Little (2016) open access book, with in-text citations following APA guidelines. Book: https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology2ndedition/