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Learn: Discussion Question 2

Learn: Discussion Question 2.

Learn: Discussion Question 2Ch. 6 Discussion: What is your strategic plan for MBA success?SummaryLet’s leverage the concepts in this chapter to draft a strategic plan for success in the graduate management program. InstructionsDraft a personal strategy for success by briefly addressing each of the following questions. You don’t need to write an essay on each question; a bullet or two for each will be sufficient. Make sure you build your answers on the concepts and tools provided in the chapter.QuestionsWhat is your mission statement?What is your vision statement?What are your core competencies?What are your strategic goals?What are your strengths and weaknesses related to accomplishing your goals?What are the opportunities and threats related to accomplishing your goals?How will you implement your strategy?How will you maintain strategic control?ReferencesKinicki, A., & Williams, B. K. (2016). Management: A practical introduction(7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill Education.
Learn: Discussion Question 2

Demand and Supply in the United Arab Emirates Case Study

The United Arab Emirates has an active economy that makes it attract a lot of foreign investors. It is strategically located in the Middle East making it attractive to investors that want to set up operations in the region. The country main business hub, Dubai, is famous for its hospitality, financial and tourism sectors which have registered significant growth in the last two decades. The city is a famous transport hub linking visitors travelling to Asia, Europe, Africa and other parts of the world. This paper will analyze a variety of published sources to uncover economic conditions that affect demand and supply in the UAE. This will help establish how these factors impact on food production in the country. UAE citizens have a high purchasing power and this makes the country attractive for investment. Emiratis have refined consumer tastes and this makes them demand high quality products in the market. The country is arid which makes it difficult for various food production and other agricultural activities to be done locally. It imports cereals, beef, fruits, milk and poultry products from other countries. The scarcity of these products makes them valuable in the country which drives up their demand. Many Emiratis have higher disposable incomes which has led to an increase in demand of various food items. However, UAE lacks a unified food regulation system, which slows down firms in the food industry from achieving specification and quality requirements. It is also difficult for firms to get credit for their operations and this restricts the amount of capital investments they are able to make. The food sector is estimated to grow which opens up opportunities for firms interested in food production in the country. There are many supermarket chains in the country which make it easy for consumers to access food products sold. The market is has many expatriate workers from different countries who consume imported food products that are not easily available in the country. The region has modern transport infrastructure that makes it easy to deliver food products to their respective markets. It is estimated that more than 35% of imported food items are repackaged and sold to other markets. The food industry in the country is thriving because its main airports and sea ports are connected to other regions in the Middle East which makes it possible for finished products to be transported. This has also made distribution channels to be more effective which ensures products are delivered to various markets on time. Some products are bulky when they are still raw and they need to be processed in areas they are sourced from. It is more economical to produce such products in areas that have low labor costs to make them more competitive in the market. Goods processed abroad can be repackaged in the country and later sold in neighboring countries in the region. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Qatar do not have well developed agricultural industries and can serve as ready markets for food products packaged in the UAE. The UAE has a higher comparative advantage compared to other countries in the region because of its thriving food industry. Therefore, the country is suitable as a packaging zone for raw and processed food items imported from other countries. It has positive trade ties with many South Asian countries which have low cost manufacturing zones. Therefore, these mutually beneficial trade relations make it possible for producers in the country to source food products at lower cost which can then be sold to consumers at higher returns. Production alternatives Cereals (in millions of tons) Meat and Dairy Products (In Millions of Tons) South Asia 50 80 Locally 20 40 Figure 1 showing the production possibility frontier showing manufacturing in UAE and South Asia. The figure demonstrates that it is more competitive to manufacture products in South Asia before they are shipped to UAE. Technology can be used to improve the way different economic processes are performed in the country. The country needs to make it easy for investors to access different types of information through the internet to enable them understand crucial economic policies they need to satisfy. Investors need to be given information on taxes, stock prices, government policies and existing forms of finance to make it easy for them to transact. This makes the economy more competitive because different sectors are able to share crucial information to help them move forward. Business firms in the country need to be encouraged to institute automated payment systems to make them more efficient in their operations. This will help these firms reduce their labor costs to make their operations leaner and more efficient. Business firms in the country need to be encouraged to be more flexible to help them take advantage of opportunities that exist in local and regional markets. Figure 2 showing how technology contributes to economic growth in UAE. Source: IT Governance Institute Dubai. In conclusion, the UAE has many economic opportunities which business firms need to exploit. The country has favorable investment policies that make it attractive for foreign direct investment from other parts of the world. The country acts as a gateway to the Middle East because it is strategically located and has adequate transport and communication connections with other regional economies. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More

Personality Theory for Violence

python assignment help Personality Theory for Violence. Abstract Personality is said to be inherited, though in some cases external factors can influence how some traits are expressed. There are believed to be two types of psychopaths: primary and secondary. Primary, or psychopaths, are born with psychopathic traits, while secondary, or sociopaths, are born without them, but gain them through personal experience. Three behavioral clusters are used by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) to divide personality disorders. The Five Factor Model (FFM) explains why some personality disorders are more concurrent with each other than others. There are three dimensions of personality, including neuroticism, extraversion, and psychoticism. People who score higher in these dimensions are more likely to commit violent crimes in their future. Ethnicity, psychiatric morbidity, and gender also plays a role in the relationship between personality disorders and violence. The personality theory’s connection with violence is explained by numerous psychologists and neuropsychiatrists. Keywords: personality disorder, violence, theory, violence, psychopath, sociopath Personality and behaviorism formed the foundation of psychological criminology. The increasing area of cognitive science, the process of moral development, and diseases of the mind built the personality theory (Schmalleger, 2017). Social learning, with an emphasis on behavioral conditioning, was examined by behaviorism (Schmalleger, 2017). Antisocial behavior and an absence of empathy, compassion, and humiliation is a personality disorder known as psychopathy. This disorder causes them to dissociate emotionally from their actions and lack empathy or sensitivity towards others and are known as effective manipulators (Schmalleger, 2017). Hervey Cleckley, a neuropsychiatrist who fully developed the concept of a psychopathic personality, believed there were two kinds of psychopaths: primary and secondary. The first kind of psychopath naturally has psychopathic traits. The secondary psychopath, or sociopath, can develop traits that are considered psychopathic from personal experiences, but are born with a normal personality (Schmalleger, 2017). Over time, other types of psychopaths have been identified, including the charismatic and the distempered psychopath (Schmalleger, 2017). With their charms and good-looks, the charismatic psychopaths manipulate others to achieve their personal goals without considering the feelings of others and are habitual liars (Schmalleger, 2017). Distempered psychopaths are effortlessly insulted and explodes into rages even at minor aggravations and they have also been depicted by having strong impulses that often end in addiction (Schmalleger, 2017). There are three behavioral clusters that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) divides personality disorders into: A, B, and C (Schmalleger, 2017). Peculiar or unusual behavior are included in Cluster A personality disorders; Cluster B disorders show “theatrical, emotional, or unpredictable behavior”; and anxious, or fearful behavior is the center of Cluster C disorders. Typically, Cluster B disorders are focused on by psychologists who work with criminal offenders, which include narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, and histrionic personality disorders (Schmalleger, 2017). Hans Eysenck, a British psychologist, explained crime as the result of fundamental personality characteristics, or traits, which he believed were largely inherited (Schmalleger, 2017). Stable personality patterns that tend to survive throughout the life course and across the social and the cultural context are psychological traits (Schmalleger, 2017). They include behavioral, cognitive, and affective tendencies to respond to a given situation in a way (Schmalleger, 2017). As a person grows older or moves around, their personality remains largely intact, defined by the traits that comprise it according to trait theory; combined with their intelligence and natural abilities, trait theory links personality to behavior and holds that it is an individual’s personality that determines their behavior in a given situation (Schmalleger, 2017). Eysenck applied a statistical technique known as factor analysis to discover what he believed were the two primary dimensions of personality: extraversion and neuroticism; a third dimension known as psychoticism was later added (Cherry, 2018). He believed that people who scored higher on these three personality dimensions are not easily conditioned or socialized and commit more crime in adulthood. Of these three personality dimensions, psychoticism was thought to be closely related to criminality at all stages. Psychoticism is defined by characteristics such a certain recklessness, disregard for common sense or conventions, and a degree of inappropriate emotional expression (Boeree, 1998). The second group that was related with criminality, are extraverts, which are described as untroubled, dominant, and adventurous, operating with high levels of liveliness. Neuroticism is said to be described as people who are unreasonable, timid, temperamental, and emotional (Schmalleger, 2017). Extraverts are loud, out-going people with strong inhibition. Eysenck hypothesized that when confronted by a traumatic stimulation, like a car crash, the extravert’s brain inhibits itself, meaning it becomes numb to the trauma (Boeree, 1998). Highly neuroticistic extraverts engage in denial and repression to ignore and forget anything that overwhelms them. These types of people can conveniently forget a painful weekend, or even “forget” their ability to feel and use their legs (Boeree, 1998). Eysenck hypothesized that some people have a more responsive sympathetic nervous system than others, meaning some people could be very calm during an emergency while some felt significant fear, and others were terrified by very small accidents; the latter had a problem of sympathetic hyperactivity, which made them prime candidates for the various neurotic disorders (Boeree, 1998). If someone were to score high on the neuroticism scale, this doesn’t mean they are necessarily neurotics, only that they are more susceptible to neurotic problems (Boeree, 1998). Combining high degrees of emotionalism with high levels of extroversion, psychotics are believed to be the most criminal, as the people with these traits are especially hard to socialize and do not react well to the external atmosphere (Schmalleger, 2017). Criminality is a personality type characterized by self-interest, lack of sympathy to the misery and needs of others, impulsiveness, and low restraint -which lead to law-violating behavior (Schmalleger, 2017). The reason some personality disorders are more concurrent with each other than others can be explained by the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. The five factors include: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (Schmalleger, 2017). The FFM explains why antisocial personality disorders are most highly related with borderline personality disorders. In terms of FFM, both antisocial and borderline personality disorders are primarily characterized by low levels of agreeableness facets and low levels of conscientiousness facets, but in addition, borderline personality disorder is significantly and positively related to all neuroticism facets (Howard, 2015). Three standards must be met to establish causality between personality disorders and violence. To begin with, personality disorders must occur before the violent offending. This issue of temporal precedence is challenging since it calls for the developmental emergence of personality disorders to occur prior to the appearance of violent offending (Howard, 2015). The second standard is other reasons for the connection must be ruled out, like abuse of alcohol and other psychotropic drugs. Lastly, a casual mechanism relating personality disorder with violence must be specified to address the question of how personality disorder causes violence. There are three critical mechanisms that best explain personality disorders and violence – emotional impulsiveness, psychopathy, and delusional ideation (Howard, 2015). Concurrent antisocial and borderline personality disorders are observed, in non-forensic clinical samples, more often in males than in females. In forensic samples, mainly those at the high-severe end of the personality disorder spectrum, antisocial personality disorder concurrent with borderline personality disorder appears more frequently in females than in males (Howard, 2015). The higher risk of violence in females with antisocial personality disorder compared with males is likely accounted for by showing a higher co-occurrence of borderline personality disorder (Howard, 2015). Male and female inmates with concurrent psychopathy and antisocial disorders, both of black and white ethnicity, were almost twice as likely than other inmates to have a history of severe and versatile violent offending according to a recent study of violence committed by American prison inmates (Howard, 2015). Black males and females with concurrent psychopathy and antisocial disorder had the highest violent offenses, showing the importance of gender and ethnicity in addition to personality disorder comorbidity in rates of violence among offenders (Howard, 2015). During a one-year study period, borderline personality disorder with concurrent psychopathic traits were related to violence in patients recruited as part of the McArthur study in the United Kingdom (Howard, 2015). The highest rates of severe violent offending in males diagnosed with personality disorder was found to be related to a triple comorbidity – antisocial personality disorder with concurrent borderline personality disorder and psychopathy (Howard, 2015). The concurrent antisocial personality and borderline personality disorder in a United Kingdom household sample was significantly associated with a history of violence, but this was largely accounted for by concurrent alcohol dependence, anxiety disorder and severe childhood conduct disorder (Howard, 2015). Assessing non-violent males with violent males who were, or were not, gang members, a study reported very high levels of psychiatric morbidity in both the latter groups but mainly in gang members (Howard, 2015). Psychosis, anxiety, alcohol dependence, and antisocial personality disorder were more likely to show up in violent males who were not gang members (Howard, 2015). A large proportion of violent men who were gang members reported being excited by violence and using violence instrumentally, suggesting that gang members’ violence was most often the impulsive/appetitive type (Howard, 2015). While there are different theories about personality disorders, a certain connection appears to exist between personality disorder and violence. Violent offenses vary by degree of psychiatric morbidity, gender and by ethnicity. There are three behavioral clusters that personality disorders are divided into and Cluster B is the most focused on cluster. In general, psychopaths are born with psychopathic traits, their violent nature, but sociopaths gain those psychopathic traits through their own personal experiences. It is suggested that emotional impulsiveness and psychopathy can explain the connection between personality disorders and violence. References Boeree, G. (1998). Hans Eysenck (1916 – 1997) (and other temperament theorists). Retrieved from Cherry, K. (2018, November 7). Hans Eysenck Is One of the Most Controversial Psychologists in History. Retrieved from Howard, R. (2015, September 17). Personality disorders and violence: what is the link? . Retrieved from Schmalleger, F. (2017). Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction (Eighth Edition). Boston: Pearson. Personality Theory for Violence

Florida National University Hear Disease Medication Case Study

Florida National University Hear Disease Medication Case Study.

Case StudyChief complaint: “I’m here for a medication refill because I ran out of my medicines”.HPI: Mrs. Allen is a 68-year-old African American who presents to the clinic for prescription refills. The patient indicates that she has noticed shortness of breath which started about 3 months ago. The SOB gets worse with exertion, especially when she is walking fast, and it is resolved when she is resting. She reports that she is also bothered by shortness of breath that wakes her up intermittently during her sleep. Her symptoms of shortness of breath resolve after sitting upright on 3 pillows. She also has lower leg edema pitting 1+ which started 2 weeks ago. She indicates that she often feels light headed at times with intermittent syncope episodes while going up a flight of stairs, but it resolves after sitting down to rest. She has not tried any over the counter medications at home.She started taking her medications, but failed to refill the prescriptions because she cannot afford the medications as she only works part-time and lives alone. In addition, she reports that she does not think taking all these medications would help her condition anyway.PMH: Primary Hypertension, Previous history of MI 1 year agoSurgeries:1 year ago-Left Anterior Descending (LAD) cardiac stent placementAllergies: PenicillinVaccination History: Up-to-dateSocial history:High school graduate married and no children. Drinks one 4-ounce glass of red wine daily. She is a former smoker and stopped 5 years ago.Family history:Both parents are alive. Father has history of MI and valvular heart disease; mother alive and cardiac history is unknown. He has one brother who is alive and has history of MI 5 years ago at age 52.ROS:Constitutional: Lightheaded and faint with exertion. Respiratory: Shortness of breath with exertion. + Orthopnea. Cardiovascular: + 2 pitting leg edema for 3 weeks. Psychiatric: Non-contributory.Physical examination:Vital Signs: Height: 5 feet 1 inches Weight: 175 pounds BMI: 32, Obese, BP 160/92, T 98.0, P 111, R 22 and non-laboredHEENT: Normocephalic/Atraumatic, Bilateral cataracts; PERRLA, EOMI; Teeth intact. Negative for gum disease. NECK: Neck supple, no palpable masses, no lymphadenopathy, no thyroid enlargement. LUNGS: + Mild Crackles on inspiratory phase not clearing with cough. Equal breath sounds. Symmetrical respiration. No respiratory distress. HEART: Normal S1 with S2 during expiration. An S4 is noted at the apex; + systolic murmur noted at the right upper sternal border without radiation to the carotids. Pulses are 2+ in upper extremities and 2+ in pedal pulses bilaterally. 2+ pitting edema to her knees noted bilaterally. ABDOMEN: No abdominal distention. Nontender. Bowel sounds + x 4 quadrants. No organomegaly. Normal contour; No palpable masses. GENITOURINARY: No CVA tenderness bilaterally. GU exam deferred. MUSCULOSKELETAL: + Heberden’s nodes at the DIP joints, hands. + Crepitus, bilateral knees. Slow gait but steady. No Kyphosis. PSYCH: Normal affect. Cooperative. SKIN: No rashes. Positive for dry skin.Labs: Hgb 13.2, Hct 38%, K+ 4.0, Na+137, Cholesterol 228, Triglycerides 187, HDL 37, LDL 190, TSH 3.7, glucose 98.A:Primary Diagnosis: Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)Secondary Diagnoses: Primary Hypertension, Obesity, Osteoarthritis (OA)Differential Diagnosis: Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)Plan:Medications: Tylenol 650 mg PO Q4 hours as needed for arthritis painLabs: UA; Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP); LFTs and TSH; 12-lead EKG, Chest X-ray; Initial 2D echo with Doppler; Ankle-brachial index.Additional lab results: Echo results 1 week ago: Left ventricular EJ Fraction decreased to 35 %BNP – not available.As a future FNP, you need to determine the medications for CHF/ASCVD. (Arteriosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease).Questions:1. According to the ACC/AHA guidelines, what medications should this patient be prescribed?2. Does he need medication(s) given his history of MI?
Florida National University Hear Disease Medication Case Study

Organisations and People – Case study report (USE the template attached for the report)

Organisations and People – Case study report (USE the template attached for the report). Paper details • Provide an introduction to and overview of the three main metaphors encountered during the module – *building blocks, iceberg and river (see below for more explanations on these descriptions). In the overview, identify key theoretical perspectives in organisation and people management which link to these metaphors. • Present case studies of two contemporary organisations. Use the three metaphors and relevant theories to explain how organisation and people management take place in the two organisations, drawing out similarities and contrasts between the two. It is suggested that you choose two cases that you have already encountered in the module. • Present a conclusion in which the three metaphors and the case studies are used to reflect on your own management and organisational experience, highlighting ways in which they will inform your future managerial practice. The report should also have an executive summary and a reference list in the Harvard Referencing style. These will not count towards the final word count. Suggested structure and weighting The following shows a suggested structure and word-weighting for the report. Whilst you do not have to follow this exactly, it is recommended that your report should broadly follow this pattern: 1. Introduction (100 words) 2. The three metaphors (900 words, split evenly between the three sub-sections below) 2.1 The organisation as a set of building blocks 2.2 The organisation as an iceberg 2.3 The organisation as a river 3. Case studies (600 words, split evenly between the two sections below) 3.1 Case study organisation #1 3.2 Case study organisation #2 4. Conclusions, with personal reflections on managerial practice. (400 words) We can apply our three metaphors to the different aspects of knowledge and learning we have encountered in this unit: Basics Metaphors of Block, River and Iceberg • A building-blocks perspective would see knowledge in terms only of explicit knowledge, basic, surface-level facts which can make up a ‘database’ of encoded knowledge within an organisation. In this sense, knowledge is a ‘thing’ which people and organisations simply accumulate. • An iceberg perspective recognises that tacit knowledge has much more depth and is a much more personal and individual form of knowledge which comes from experience. • A river perspective recognises that knowledge is of no use if it remains static and is not being shared and transferred between people. To be useful, knowledge needs to be dynamic and animated, like a river. This, in turn, allows organisations to be more adaptable and innovative. As suggested at the start of the module, the three metaphors are not there to suggest that any one approach to knowledge is better that the other; instead they show different aspects of knowledge and how they work together. In this respect, we see knowledge as a body of explicit knowledge and theory (building blocks), which becomes useful in practice when individuals use experience to transform this explicit knowledge into tacit knowledge (iceberg), and which becomes useful to organisations when it is shared and transferred between people (river). Overview of personality When we think about people that we know, we often describe them in terms of their personality traits and characteristics. As we will see in this unit, employers will also have desired personality characteristics in mind when they advertise for a job vacancy. In this unit, we will examine some of the main theories of personality and examine how these link into recruitment and selection techniques that aim to match desired personality characteristics to candidates. In this unit, we will examine two main approaches to personality: • The nomothetic approach suggests that personality is something which can be measured, with personality tests used to put people into specific personality categories and types. This view sees personality as being like a set of building blocks, made up of certain measurable components in the form of personality traits. • The ideographic approach suggests that our personalities are unique, complex and always changing, and cannot be boiled down to a simplistic measurement. This approach sees personality as more like an iceberg, with rich, complex, hidden depths, and also a bit like a river in that it is always changing and developing. Whilst we will focus on the links between personality and theories and recruitment and selection, we also see how personality is linked to other aspects of the individual, including leadership development and career development. King, D. and Lawley, S. (2019). Organizational Behaviour (3rd edition) Oxford University Press, pp. 266-269. Organisations and People – Case study report (USE the template attached for the report)