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Justification of Torture in Waiting for the Barbarian: When the World Is Turned Upside Essay

Introduction: Who-Is-the-Barbarian Dilemma The idea of a civilized nation conquering the savages and blurring the line between war and slaughter in the process is far from being new; as a matter of fact, it has nearly worn out its welcome, with its on-the-nose messages and the obvious moral. In an Empire where the colonists have taken over, which is an obvious reference to a historical event (Poyner 101), people are desperately trying to restore justice and make the invaders leave – with little success, though. As a result, the war between the “guerillas” and the colonists ensues, with dramatic consequences for the natives. The novel could have made it for a basic book about the conflict between the savages and the “civilized savages” (O’Neill 240), but for one significant detail – Coetzee not only describes the scenes of torture with great detail, but also offers colonel Joll’s explanations about why these tortures should be brought upon the native people, often making the reader face a moral dilemma. The Torture of the Barbarian Girl: A Slap in the Face of Humanity The idea of beating a woman, worse yet – a child, seems completely deprived of humanity. However, colonel Joll has an excuse for this crime. The explanation is simple – the child is a spawn of the enemy and, therefore, does not deserve to live: The Colonel steps forward. Stooping over each prisoner in turn he rubs a handful of dust into his naked back and writes a word with a stick of charcoal. I read the words upside down: /ENEMY… ENEMY… ENEMY… ENEMY /He steps back and folds his hands. At a distance of no more than twenty paces he and I contemplate each other. (Coetzee) One of the first instances of cruelty towards the natives, the given scene is the most graphic example of the insanity that gripped the empire and its colonists. The War Against the Barbarians: Causing Pain and Destruction Another example of the monstrous ways in which the Empire handled the native dwellers is mentioned in every single scene of battle with the barbarians. In fact, the whole war with the natives seems a huge allegory for one of those mass homicides that the history of the world is filled with, starting with the infamous extermination of the Native Americans to the horrors of the WWII. Portraying the dreadful ways in which Colonel Joll and the citizens of the Empire slaughtered, Coetzee makes it clear that the violence of the citizens is explained with the help of an only-the-strong-survives principle. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More To make the matter worse, the citizens, along with Colonel Joll, are often concerned with the materialist rewards. They clearly not simply destroy for the sake of destroying it; the key problem with the “colonists” and the natives is that the former cannot comprehend the culture of the latter – or, for that matter, do not want to – and, therefore, not being able to see any intrinsic value in it, see no reasons to preserve it. That said, the key justification of violence in the novel is the fact that hardly anyone cares about what happens to the native people, or what culture these native people represent. The Protest and the Incarceration of the Magistrate: Having Power, Lacking Wisdom The final chip in the portrait of the “civilized” citizens of the Empire, the process of the Magistrate incarceration, does not seem to add much to the portrayal of the tortures; however, it adds a lot to the portrayal of the citizens of the Empire in general and Colonel Joll in particular. Even when the scene of torture has not started yet and there are only indications of it approaching, one can feel the painfully obvious image of the “civilization” as the epitome of evil popping up in front of the reader: Perhaps when I stand on the floor of the courthouse, if that is what it is, I stand over the head of a magistrate like myself, another grey-haired servant of Empire who fell in the arena of his authority, face to face at last with the barbarian. (Coetzee) Therefore, the explanation of torturous treatment of every single native citizen in general and the Magistrate in particular is that the natives are savages and, thus, do not deserve any better. Like many other pretexts for being violent, however, this argument does not hold any water. Defying the developing of the “savages,” Colonel Joll and every other colonist falls to the lowest of the low compared to any native dweller of the Empire (Bradshaw and Neil 178). When the Ends Do not Justify the Means: Torture as a Power Tool Banned from Using To the credit of the “civilization,” one must admit that the concept of tortures did not appear out of nowhere; in fact, it must have been based on cold calculations and offered as a reasonable solution of the existing problem. It is necessary to admit that in the times when the events in the novel took place, the idea of imprisoning the captives was unpopular, since the state was supposed to provide the resources for the prisoners to live: “‘We do not have facilities for prisoners,’ I explain” (Coetzee). Therefore, logically, it was much easier to get rid of the prisoners after the valuable information has been obtained. The above-mentioned fact, however, does not justify the cruelty that took place as the war against the barbarians unwrapped. We will write a custom Essay on Justification of Torture in Waiting for the Barbarian: When the World Is Turned Upside specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, Coetzee mentions that the natives also use dishonest means to fight back. As the colonel mentions, “We discuss the barbarians and their treachery. They never stand up and fight, he says: their way is to creep up behind you and stick a knife in your back” (Coetzee). The given argument might seem a legitimate point unless the Colonel had not mentioned above that the natives were almost defeated, and that the few people who still found the will to fight back formed guerilla groups to withstand the attacks of the enemy. Conclusion: Barbarians vs. Civilization. Offering an Honest Portrayal of the Epoch One of the most hideous inventions of the human race, torture must never be the answer to whatever the opponent resorts to. Fighting one’s own battles in an honest and open way is one of the few means to retain one’s dignity in a battlefield, and, despite all the attempts of the characters in Coetzee’s book to convince the readers that they are, the tortures of the natives drive Colonel Joll and his people’s attempts to nil. One of the basic assets of the human race, being humane is the primary law that everyone’s actions must be guided by in any circumstances, and war is no exception. Works Cited Bradshaw, Graham and Michael Neil. J. M. Coetzee’s Austerities. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing, 2013. Print. Coetzee, John Maxwell. Waiting for the Barbarians. 1980. Web. O’Neill, Patrick M. Great World Writers: Twentieth Century. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish, 2004. Print. Poyner, Jane. J. M. Coetzee and the Idea of the Public Intellectual. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2006. Print.

JWI 540 Strayer University Week 4 Operations Decisions Discussion

JWI 540 Strayer University Week 4 Operations Decisions Discussion.

Week 4 Discussion
CollapseChoose ONE of the following discussion question options to respond to: Using Adverse Conditions to a Company’s Advantage Chakravorti
(2010) discusses four methods that corporate innovators use to turn
adverse conditions to their advantage. Examine an organization of your
choice and briefly discuss how the organization might use one of these
methods. -OR- Assessing Risk and Reward Using
the company of your choice, identify an important and difficult
decision that they faced. What were the most important risks and the
most important rewards of the decision. What data, analysis or
perspective would you have used to help Sr. Management decide if the
rewards outweighed the risks?
JWI 540 Strayer University Week 4 Operations Decisions Discussion

American College of California Theory of Constraints Research paper

online homework help American College of California Theory of Constraints Research paper.

Theories and Techniques A. Explain the five steps of the theory of constraints (TOC) process. To what processes might the company in the case study apply TOC? Why would applying TOC to these processes be advantageous? For the Theory of Constraints you can list the steps as described on page 316 of our OM textbook. You may find it helpful to list out as follows: Step 1-Identify the constraint. During this step, BYD would… Step 2-Develop a plan for overcoming the identified constraint, BYD would… Step 3-Etc… Be sure to provide an in-text citation for page 316 of our OM textbook. Please be sure to provide your own thoughts to what processes BYD might apply the Theory of Constraints. Also, state the benefits (advantages) of TOC here as well. As you address this section, you may find page 26 of the BYD case study helpful. B. Describe how total quality management (TQM) principles and tools can be used to improve quality in the latest line of products in the context of the case study. For this critical element, write out a few sentences regarding what TQM is, and then 1-2 paragraphs on how these tools can be applied to improve quality at BYD. TQM is described on pages 217-229 of our OM textbook. Basically, how can benchmarking, continuous improvement, employee empowerment, Six Sigma, etc. and TQM tools assist BYD in producing quality products? Data Analysis A. Draw a cause-and-effect diagram that assesses why some of the company’s supply chain partners might have struggled to implement some of the company’s newly developed materials. Summarize your findings from the diagram. The cause-and-effect diagram should be specific to supply chain partners failing to implement new materials for BYD. This is a what-if (hypothetical) scenario and you can brainstorm different reasons why a supply chain partner may fail to implement new materials. Your diagram (at minimum) needs to include issues with manpower, method, inventory, and equipment. You should have at least three specific causes for each major cause category. Page 226 of our OM textbook provides an example of a cause-and-effect diagram. You will also need to write a paragraph summarizing your cause-and-effect diagram. For example, BYD supply chain partners might struggle to implement new materials because of… You may consider using the below template (please ensure you enable macros). The Problem Statement and Major Cause Categories have already been filled in for you. Note: You will have to cut-and-paste the actual fishbone diagram into your word document or create one. If you choose to upload as an attachment, please be sure to indicate this within your word doc. Do not copy and paste a completed fishbone from another source; I need to see your work. B. Draw a hypothetical process (time-function) map for producing a recently released (within the past two years) product manufactured by the company. As an operations manager, how will you use the value map? Be sure to include your process map within your case study analysis. Page 289 provides an excellent example of a time function process map. The first column going down describes your different areas doing the work: Customer Sales Production Input Assembly Plant Warehouse Finish Plant Transport (Final Product) Note: Please indicate the number of days it takes for the product to get through each “area”. Also, include the total amount of time on the horizontal axis it will likely take to complete the entire project ex. 50 days. The days are basically “made-up” by you and how long you think each process at BYD might take. Steps that align vertically to other steps means they happen at the same time. After creating the time function map (either on your own or using a template), provide a few sentences explaining how you, in an OM capacity, would use the map. Many students note excess hold (wait) times when building the time function map so they can easily identify and “call-out” inefficiencies. C. Considering the data and options below, determine where the company should locate its new manufacturing plant. Explain why this would be the favorable location. You will use the data provided in the rubric to apply the factor rating method to determine the most favorable location for BYD’s new plant – Mexico City or Columbia, SC. Please ensure you include the chart with the calculated totals in your submission. Please see pages 345 & 346 of our OM textbook. The most favorable location will be the one with the highest overall weighted score. Please be sure to also explain why this (either Mexico City or Columbia, SC) is the “best” location (specific factors) and include additional factors of consideration.
American College of California Theory of Constraints Research paper

Impacts of sex tourism in bangkok

Impacts of sex tourism in bangkok. Introduction Sex tourism and child sex tourism have been booming in the last past recently years. It has been one of the main sources of economic in Thailand, when people think of sex tourism and child sex tourism; Thailand would be one of the first countries that pop out into people’s mind. However, there is always a bad side to it. Sex tourism and child sex tourism could be bad to the society and morality. In this analysis, there will be a study about negative impacts and positive impacts of sex tourism in Bangkok, Thailand. What are the benefits it brings to the country and what are the damages it causes? Current situation of the sex industry in Thailand According to Far eastern Economic review (2009) due to the current economic slump, hundreds of factories and projects have shut down across Thailand, causing countless workers both Thai and foreign unemployed. The estimate number is approximately 100 000 workers a month and it might jump up to 1.5 million by the end of the year. Even though they built up more and more unskilled factory jobs, however the wage is ten to twenty times lower than the pay of the lowest sex worker employed at beer bars (Ashoka). Therefore most women would choose to be a sex worker instead of factory worker. Many of them are having double lives and keeping their employment hidden from their families. Even some of them get treated badly, they silently suffer and tolerate with it because they need money to support them and their family and they know there is always a ready group of poorer migrants that are available to replace them anytime. Sex tourism in Thailand is a colorful industry, where u could almost ask anything you are looking for pertaining ‘sex’. They have from prostitutes, escorts, transsexuals, show girls, lady boy show, go-go bars, clubs and massage parlors to ping pong show. More and more thrilling entertainments are going in the market to lust more tourists to Bangkok, Thailand, Asia’s Red District. Most of the girls working as a prostitute or hookers can be found easily in red district areas. Most of them are sexy, cheerful and fun and can speak English. They can spend all evening, all week with the customers if both parties agree on the price but they can be a bit bitchy too if the customer is stingy. Some girls they will name the price but some are shy, they depend on the generosity of the customers. The cost of Bangkok prostitutes can be ranged from 1000 baht (short time) to 6000 baht. However for the girls who work in the bar, the customer has to pay a bar fine before he can take her home with him, a fine should be around 200 to 500 baht depend on the place. An entertainment show like a lady boy show cost a customer around 550 baht. But, for child prostitute, a customer can get a child with 30 baht. Problem Statement Sex tourism and child sex tourism, it has become one of the most attractive type of tourism in this modern world. More and more people are going for sex tourism and they do not feel shy or embarrassing to admit they travel for sex experiences. Sex tourism and child sex tourism can bring a lot of money to the country and job opportunities to people directly or indirectly but however, due to the fast growing of the industry; sex tourism and child sex tourism have brought many misleading consequences and damages. Sex trafficking, sex trade and diseases. Once the victims are traded or trafficked, the traffickers will make sure they have complete control over the victims, leave them no rights or freedom over their own bodies thus enslaving them to the sex industry world. Furthermore, they will leave the victims so psychologically and physically abused that they do not dare to run away. They put dept bondage on them and force them to pay back before they could leave the sex trade. According to ECPAT, studies have shown that a child prostitute can serve between two to thirty clients per week, which can be estimated between 100 to 1500 clients per year and many of them are below 10 years old (Nair, no date). Most of them are still so young and they do not know what really is going on, all they know is listen to the orders else they would be beaten or left starve. The victims that are engaged in sex industry have both their mental and physical psychological affected. Their living condition is bad and their meals are irregular and not healthy and they rarely receive treatment when they are sick only until it gets too serious. Not to mention STD, HIV/AIS, according to a research, HIV positive rates are 42% to 54% among sex workers and the percentage will increase in the future. Apart from that, they suffer from exhaustion, infections and violence. If they do not work hard and earn enough money they would be punished. Most of them would feel scared, hopeless, depression and low self-esteem since they do not know who to run to for help or protect. Few are brave enough to run away but most of them will choose drugs and suicide to forget and reduce the suffering. Every problem has reasons behind it, so do sex trafficking, sex trade and the diseases. The demand with lenient laws on prostitution has pushed Thailand sex industries grow faster and stronger. The more unique demands pour in the better the services and the greater surprises would be provided. So there will not be any stop for it. Go in hand with it; it is the poverty and cultural perception. Thai believes in working as sex worker is their only choice and what their ancestor did so they keep faith in it. In addition, there are too many poor families in Thailand and they have very little education and skills in them so they would not earn much if they work in factory or restaurant compare being as a sex worker. Research Questions Here are some research questions that I will look into for my proposal: Whether Thai government purposely promotes sex tourism to drive Thai national growth? What are the reasons for not legalizing sex tourism in Thailand? Why Thailand should not practice child sex tourism? What are the damages sex tourism and child sex tourism have caused to Thailand? What are the benefits sex industries bring to the country? Research Objectives The research objective of this study is to find out the answers for the questions mentioned above. To investigate whether Thai government purposely promotes sex tourism to drive Thai national growth. To investigate the reasons for not legalizing sex tourism in Thailand. To investigate the reasons why Thailand should not practice child sex tourism. To do a research on the damages sex tourism and child sex tourism have caused to Thailand. To find out the benefits sex industries bring to the country. Hypothesis Statement In this statement, a requirement to determine the significant relationship between the cause and effect of sex tourism is recommended. The hypothesis should be able to predict the relationship between the variables. Sex industry in Thailand increases the number of child prostitutes. The intercourse between sex worker and customer could cause STD and other diseases. The existence of sex tourism does increase the number of STD patients. Human trafficking will increase as the demand for sex tourism and child sex tourism increase. Theoretical/ Conceptual Framework Figure 1: The trafficking triangle. The conceptual framework above was designed by Phinney (no date), the author set up a relationship between supply, demand and impunity with human trafficking. The author shows a relationship between them which helps human trafficking activities develop and growth. When there is demand, there will be supply since there are purchasers who demand for it and due to demand, supply and lenient law; the traffickers take it as their advantage to traffic more and more women and children. In another hand, supply is the most visible factors among the three. The drives behind it contribute significant reasons for more trafficking to happen, poverty, unemployment, threaten and dream of a better life, etc. And then impunity, since sex tourism injects a lot of money to the country economy, so the government often close one eye unless a victim is caught and agree to report, else they would let the situation going on until it is getting out of control. Figure 2: Reasons/drivers for sexual activity along a continuum of volition. This conceptual framework was conducted by Weissman (2006). This research concentrates in the prevention of HIV among the youth, especially the girls and the reasons why young people engage in the sexuality activity. The framework above shows the drivers of 2 different points of view, one is by forced and the other is by volunteer. He believes there are reasons behind for young girls volunteer themselves in having relationship with older man or another boy her age. It might due to emotional security, material security like gift or money, or for the pleasure during the intercourse or it was due to the ambition for power, social status, and an escape for a better life. Whereas for the young girls who are forced, the main reason is because of money, most of them have financial problems or they have been threatened by other to turn themselves as prostitute. Even though, his point here is to educate them, either they are forced or offered themselves willingly they should protect themselves to avoid HIV/AIDS or other STD infections. Scope and Limitations Scope: I choose Thailand for my topic is due to its booming now in the world and of its unique nature services. Everyone knows about Thailand as one of the hubs for sex tourism and also the range of services they provide, as long there is a demand for it, Thailand will not disappoint the customers. Limitation: Being students, we have a lot of limitations, we do not get a lot of help and support that we seek for. Most of the time, we can only get the information through journals and perhaps people’s opinion through internet and not directly from the source. For instance, one of my research questions I ask about “Whether Thai government purposely promotes sex tourism to drive Thai national growth?” Due to my limitation, it is almost impossible for me to get a chance to have an interview with the government people. I will not be able to get an audience with them. Besides that, there are money issues, time restraints and limited resources, for research experiment, I need to conduct surveys or questionnaires to the people that are concerned include sex workers, pimps, traffickers, victims, etc but I do not have time, resources and money to go to Thailand to do so. In addition, a GPD is needed to prove the importance of sex tourism in Thailand economic but most of the time the country do not give fully information about it, because there are so many illegal parties going on in Thailand sex industry. Apart from that, I need to identify the location of the commercial sex markets and the places where all the activities occurred. Significance of the study The main reason why I choose this topic to write about is to alert the world and tell them what sex tourism and child sex tourism is all about. Many people have very vague ideas of the industry and how it actually works. Most of them only look at how they want sex industry to be and they totally ignore the bad effects behind it. For instance, sex shows, do the tourists even think about the girls who are doing it, how they actually think or feel or whether they were forced to do it for something call ‘money or threaten by the brothels or traffickers’. Does human right even exist in this context? And human trafficking, many women and children have been trafficked, traded or sold but no one seems to try to stop it but they just close one eye. ECPAT estimates there are more than one million children worldwide that are engaged in sex trade each year. Poverty, cultural perception and demand are the main reasons that make the industry grow faster and stronger. Whenever there is a demand, there will be supply as many people are unemployed and most of them are in financial crisis. However, people are neglected what might hunt them afterwards, the diseases, the psychological effects and their unsure future. CHAPTER TWO 2.1 Introduction Sex tourism “involves travel across national or international borders in order to take part in a non-reproductive sexual encounter. The sexual encounter may be with an adult or minor, man, women, transsexual or transvestite. It must involve an exchange of money or material goods for a sexual act” (Ward, 2010). According to ECPAT (2008), child sex tourism (CTS) is defined as “Sexual exploitation of children by a person or persons who travel from their home district, home geographical region, or home country in order to have sexual contact with children.” Gregg (2003) stated that ‘sex itself constitutes a social structure, emerging from desire, poverty, and gender inequalities that enable men to drink, be violent, and fornicate openly, but sanction women to suffer bodily and linguistically. Women’s pursuit of security with at best quasi-monogamous primary partners heightens their exposure to bearings and STDs but also their honor in the eyes of the community. Pursuing liberdade (freedom) instead with multiple partners expands their options but risks social approbation, dampened marital prospects, and cancer. Sexism, racism, colonial exploitation, and academic research forged misconceptions of femaleness and sexuality that endanger their health. Cervical cancer is absurdly loaded with metaphoric potential”. The origin of sex tourism as a global industry may be traced back to Asia during Vietnam War against America. In Thailand, sex tourism started to have its new path after Vietnam War in late 1950’s. It has gained its popularity in every way. During the war, American used Thailand as their base and a place for recreation and rest for American soldiers, which the soldiers themselves called IImpacts of sex tourism in bangkok

American Brewing Conglomerate and Anheuser Busch Supply Chain Presentation

American Brewing Conglomerate and Anheuser Busch Supply Chain Presentation.

company is Anheuser-Busch4 pages report( double spaced). with 4 slides PPT and 4 mins presentation.Pick one of the top global companies that you mentioned in (1). Describe the current supply chain process for this particular company by answering the following questions: What are the major components, ingredients, or raw materials used to produce the company’s goods? Who are the major suppliers (Tier 1 suppliers) or manufacturers? Where are the Tier 1 suppliers located? What types of finished goods are produced by this company? What was the production or sales volume in 2018 or 2019? Where are the factories that make finished goods located? Where are the products sold? Which mode/s of transportation are used to distribute the finished goods from the factories to the company’s clients or customers? Does the company use third party logistics providers to store or distribute their goods? (For instance, are the products stored at warehouses managed by third party logistics providers?) You have to answer each of these questions clearly.
American Brewing Conglomerate and Anheuser Busch Supply Chain Presentation

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